(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

ne:alo^y collection 






ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




uu 




3 1833 01723 9 



84 



GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1881 



wms^?w?!^zm : ?sw!?vm 



i 






'& 








: i' iT V 





jpjjj&fo.yKSkfauari3aa^^ 




*ZV faster//// /■r-.-rjsi, ;n:/ro i/ie- Grtf?L&.</ju sf/rt/j^cu..' Gfuuni/\:t, pastsUs to '.<•' 
c/aZU hs/J CCUcs/^cU/r^fy proves?/, C/ui6 /i&^Aw /s-e 'X/.'M/^- ''■' /■-^- -■'< . tAg 



\ 






/ 



TH 



NEW-ENGL A N D 



historical anir genealogical Register. 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, BT THE 



XcU)'2iitfjIantf historic, (Ltencalogtcal Society. 






FOR THE YEAE 1881. 



VOLUME XXXV. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT TOE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET 

Printed by David Clapp & Son. 
1881. 



Cmnittittee 011 publication, 

1881. 

JOHN WARD DEAN, JEREMIAH COLBURN, 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, HENRY F. WATERS, 

HENRY H. EDES. 



E&itar, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 



Abstracts. (See Deeds and WiUs.") 

Address (annual) of President Wilder, 129 

Alden, Ebenezer, memoir of, 310 

Alden family, query, 334 

Allen, reply to note, 90 

Almost a Centenarian, note, 2?S 

Americans of Riyal Peaces:, anccuncenaent as in 

preparation, 2S1 
Angler, query, 83 

Arms or Armorial Bearings. (S^ Coatt of Atvm.) 
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, Correspondence &f,153 
Athertoo family in England, 67 
Australian Newspapers, note. S3 
Autographs, (zee IlLuslritionj.) 
Autographic Puzzle, 335 

Baptisms and Deaths. (See Records.) 

Barrett, note, 1S1 

Batchelder. reply to note, 2S0 

Belief in Astrology in New EneliDd, 279 

Bell, query, 278 

Berry, Thomas query, 2S0 

Biographical sketches. (See also Necrology) 

Frances A. A. Appletoo, 115 

Joha Ayres, 337 

John Boylston, 151 

8amuel Bradstreet, 212 

John B. Brown, 308 

Lilian C Buttre, 307 

John H. Burton, 410 

John B. Chace, 410 

Rirah B. Chase, 212 

"William W. Cowles, 110 

William T Cordner, 307 

Henry O. Cox, 410 

Richard Coy, 337 

Nathaniel Deering, 307 

Daniel Elmer, 340 

James T Fields. 303 

Hiram Fuller, 116 

Michael A Gaulin, 53 

Hu^<h B. Grigsby, 303 

William Gn.svenor, 240 

Judi'.h Hathaway, 410 

WUliam Uayden, 113 

Jamts Hovey, 339 

John James. 340 

Andrew B. Kidder, 213 

Samuel K>nt, 333 

Ana L. Oswald, 212 

John G. Htfifr^y, 3'j8 

Th"m;i3 fars^ns, 333 

George Phillips, 339 

William Priichard. 337 

Lucy H St.rie. 212 

Joseph ^rnith. 340 

Jadah Tiumbull, 339 

John Waruer, 338 



Biographical Sketches — 
"Daniei W^ntwonh, 212 
Th:ma3 Wilson. 339 
Hannah Wyman, 118 
John Youne!o7e, 336 
Blake. John, query, 133 ; reply, ^80 
I Biue Boos, or Court Directory, query, 3S4 
J Book Notices— 

AdJeman's Reminiscences of two years with Col- 
J ored Troops, 206 

App'.-ron's Adams Genealogy, 303 
Applewn's Bddcock Genealogy, 3C3 
Arr.o'd's paper on Abraham Lincoln, 40C 
Atwacer's Colony of New Have", 2U3 
Baliwjn's Baldwin Genealogy, 302 
Baker's Old and New Styles, Fixed Dates, Calen- 
dars, kc 403 
Barrus's History of Goshen. Mass., 401 
Bennington, Centennial Anniversary of Battis of, 

109 
Bemer's Treatise of Fysshynge wytb an Angle, 

103 
B cknel! Memorial, 111 
Billow's Reply to Francis Brinicy on claims of 

Hon. John P. Bigeiow. 205 
Boston Almanac and Business Directory, 1581, 

202 
Boston Directory, 1881, 406 
Beaton Record Commissioners' Fourth Report, 

106 5 Fifth Report, 207 ; R.oxbury Records, 207 
Bradlte'a P^ems, 406 
Buzb-e-r's Origin and Development of Local Self- 

G vv-rr^mentB in New England and the United 

States, VjO 
Bur>rau of Education's Circulars of InfoTnation, 

201 
Caliveli's Antiquarian Papers, 405 
Canton. Ma--s. Pveport on town seal and on 

Nimiog streets, 4^5 
Chanel id's Voyages. Vol. 1, 396 
Child's Chi'd G-nealoL'y. 302 
Ch-r*:erman's Guide to Richmond and the Bat- 

tktelds, 403 
Ch-st^'s Locke Desc-nt. 303 
Clark Ge.'.ealogicai Items. 487 
Civ.l Service Reform Association Publications, 

No. 1. 202 
Cobom's Almanac for three thousand years, 403 
C<>;- rune's Hwtory of Antrim, N. II.,. 200 
C- r.r.'- L.fe of Garueld, lu9 
C'/t" Farrji y, 4u7 

Cleveland's Cleveland Genealogy. 208 
Cof.r.^c'icutC.loriy Public Records, Vol. XL, 197 
Cro-:).'s Distinguished Men of fciosex Co. 109 
Davis's L>fe of Dvlor Davis and Sketch of Descend- 
ants, 2».8 
ha C-u's Relatioo of a Voyage to Sagadahoc, 

101 



IV 



General Index, 



Book Notices— 

De Nosta'a Anniversary Sermon, St John's 
Church. N. T., 302 

Pe Costa's fnventio Fortunata, CO* 

De Costa's William Blackstone in his relation to 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 207 

Denison's Battle of Ce !ar Mountain, 406 

Dorchester's 250:h Anniversary, 105 

Edwards's Heard Geneatocy. 20S 

Ellis's Fourth Supplement to Eiiis Genealogy, 40" 

Emertoa's Silsbee Genealogy, 407 

Foster's Monthly Reference Lis:. 300 

Franklin Historical Masaziue, 301 

Fuller's Fuller Genealogy. 110 

Green's Remarks on Electricity, Magnetism. 4c., 
207 

Green's Centennial Address before the Mass. 
Medical Society, 302 

Green's G-ocon Early Records, 103 

Green's Librarv Sale Catalogue, 110 

Hackett'a Memoir of William H. Y. Hackett. 404 

Hammatt's Hammatt Pipers, No. 2, 405 

Harleian Society's Pubii:a:ions, 300 

Hart's Life of William Beach Licence, 300 

Hassam's Has-am a':d Hi .-.on Family notes, 407 

Hassam's Early Suffolk Deeds. 403 

Hassam's Boston Taverns. 403 

Henshaw's (Col. William) Orderly Book (1775) 
and Memoir. 301 

Hubbard's Towne Memorial. Ill 

Hunuewell'3 Journal of the Voyage of the Mis- 
sionary Packet. 1520. 204 

International Congress of Americanists, meeting 
of, 1881, 299 

Jar vis's Jarvis Genealogy. 110 

Kansas State Historical Society's Transactions, 
293 

Lake of the Red Cedars, 107 

Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society Publi- 
cations. Vol. III. 203 

Lancashire and Cheshire Couity Historic Soci- 
ety Transactions, Vol. XXXII.. 200 

Lathrop's Lathrop Family Tree, 207 

Library Journal, 297 

Littlehale's Littlehale Genealogy, 111 

Loyal L-gion of the U. S. . F.na Register of, 106 

Lynde's (Benjamin a.id Benjamin, Jr.) Diaries 
and Pedigree of. 2ST 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, History of, 
295 

McDonald's McDonall Genealogy. 207 

McDonald' Whipple Genealogy, 407 

Metcalf's Annals of Mendon, 205 

Moriaon's Morison Genealogy. 207 

Morri~t r wn (N. J ) First Presbyterian Church 
Record, 404 

Nasoo's Literary History of the Bible, 302 

Nead's Pennsylvania Finances* 301 

Neill's Light thrown by the Jesuits upon ob- 
scure points of E^riy Maryland History, 2C4 

Neill's Minnesota's E-\p crere. 402 

Neill's Writings of Louis Hennepin, 110 

Near Englander. 400 

New England Historic Genealogical Society's 
Celebia.ion of tl e Centenary of the Massa- 
chusetts Consti'u i >n. 204 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Me- 
morial liiograj.hieS. V A- L. p. 291 

New England Methodist Historical Society, first 
annual Meeting, 203 

North American Review, 193 

Old Colony Historical Society Collections, No. 2, 
202 

Paint's Paine Family Records, 203 

Parker's Municipal Government in Massachu- 
setts, 400 

Parsons's Medical Department of Browu Univer- 
sity. 293 

Peck's Recruit before Petersburg, 296 

Peirce'i Colonial L its. 107 

Peirce's Peirce Geneal'*gy, 111 

Pennsylvania in Revocation. Vol. I. 203 ; Vol. 
II. 402 

Pennsylvania's fifty-first Veteran Volunteer Reg- 
iment's Reunion, '.£.13 



Book Notices— 

Plenderleath's Curiosities and Statistics of Par* 
ish Registers, 2u2 
/ Poore's Poore Genealogy, 302 
/ Preble's History of the Flag of the United States, 
104 
Raites's History of Honorable Artillery Compa- 
ny, 99 
Resford's Rexford Genealogy, 303 
Ridland's Burbmk Family. Ill 
Robinson's Our Trees in Winter, 404 
Rogers's Personal Experiences of the Chancellors* 

ville Campaign, 406 
Rosers's Memoirs of John Knox and Family of, 

Knox, 111 
Rogers's Family of Colt and Coutts, 111 
Rogers's Scottish House of Christie, 111 
Ryland's Clayton Family of Chester, 111 
Ryland's Srarkie Family of Leigh, 111 
Salem (N. Y.) Centennial Address, 103 
Salisbury's Diodate Genealogy, 303 
Sankey Pedigrees. 407 
Seymour (Conn. ) Census, 110 
Sharpe's -hirpe Genealogy, 111; Additions, 407 
Sibley's Harvard Graduates, Vol. IE, 303 
Slaughter's Memoir of Joshua Fry, 111 
Slocum's Slocum Genealogy, 203 
Smith's History of Newton. 199 
Smithsonian Report, 1379, 299 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Reunion, 

401 
Suffolk De^ds, Lib-r I. 103 
Titus's Titus Genealogy, 407 
Trumbull's Ind ; an Names in Conn^ticut, 401 
Verv, Jones, Lif* and Literature, 404 
Ward's Lafayette's Visit to Virginia 1S24, 403 
Water's Parentage of Matthias Corwin, 299 
Weymouth Historical Society's Publications, No. 

I . 206 
Wheild . 's Curiosities of History, 237 
White's Memoirs Protestant Episcopal Church In 

America, 102 
Winthrop, John, Celebration of the Fifth Half 

Century of the Arrival of. 404 
Woodbury's Relation of the Fisheries to the Dis- 
covery and Settlement of North America, 109 
Wright's Lumps m Family History, 4o7 
Boston. Abstract? of Early Suffolk Deeds, 243 
Bowdoin Papers, 164 

Boylston, Zabd.el and John, Paper on, 150 
Brigden, query, 334 
Bright, Jon tthia B , Memoir of, 117 
Brock, Robert A , note, SS6 
Bronsdon Family, 361 
Brookfield (M*sO,, Early History of, 333 
Browne, J >bn and Samuel, application to the Mm*. 

Company (1029). 262 
Bryant Genealogy, 37 ; note on, 85 

Cabo de Bax s. 49 

Cape Cod in the ol 1 Carto'ogy, 49 

Censures <>n Harvard College in 1672, 121 

Census of New Hampshire, 1775, 87 

1 hester, Joseph L., note, 3*3 

Chiprnan, John, declaration in behalf of, 127 

Chumplin, < h:ist<'pher, family record, 277 

Clark, query, 59, 279, 334 

Coats of A rms — 

Cofin, 376 ; Diodate, 167 ; Dummer, 255 

Co;5n Famiiy, Name and armorial beaJtLgs of, 375 

College Chronicle, note, lsl 

Co sou. qu ry, S3 

Concord (Mass.) Sleepy Hollow Burial Ground, que- 
ry, 89 

Coombs, Peter, query, 230 

Cutler, Samuel, Memoir of, 213 

Daoiell, Mrs. Alice. letter to Gov. John Winthrcp, 313 
Dartmouth '.Miss ) Records, 32 
Davis, Abi^aii. query. 384 
Deaths current, 116, 212. 306. 410 
Declaration iii beha f of John CL paaan, 127 
Deed*, Early Suff ■ Ik, 243 
Lemz-ilt''!), Letters Patent of, 248 
Dennis, query, 87 



General Index. 



Dennysville, Me., note. 88 

Deposit! ms. John Abbott, 163; Anna Dyer, 368 ; 

Alexander Edwards, 153 ; Richard Excel], 153 ; 

Jane English, 163 ; Joanna Lombard, 152 ; Henry 

Ware, 166 5 John Pressee, 232 ; Richard Smith, 

232 ; Thomas White, 163 
Diaries of — 

Paul Pulley (1740), 23 
Joseph Faiwtll (1745-54), 89 
Charles A. Poole (1S61), 341 
Dinwiddie Papers, note, 3S3 
Diodate, William, and his Italian Ancestors, 187 
Documents cone-ruin? Philip English, 163 
Dorchester grantees of meadow lands, 72 
Drumm.Mid, query, 273 
Dudley. Paul, diary of, 23 
Dummer Genealogy, 254, 321 
Dwinel'. reply to, 230 
Dyer, Anna, deposition of, 368 

Early Australian Newspapers, not* 1 , 86 
Early Boston-born Child, query, 88 
Eliot, Rev. John, Church Kecords, 21, 241 
Elliot, Jonathan, query, 273 
English, Philp, documents concerning, 163 
Engravings. (See Illustrations.) 
Epitaphs. (See Inscriptions.) 

Facsimile of Signatures of Roxbury Petition, 123 
Farwell. Joseph, Groton Memoranda, 275 
Forbes Lithographic Manufacturing Co., 334 
French Priests mentioned by Penhallow, S9 
Fuller, Deborah, query, 230 

Garde, Roger, sketch of, 343 

Gauiii, Michael Anthony, sketch of, S9 

Genea'ozies — 

Atherton, 67 

Bronsdon. 361 

Bryant, 37 

Coffin, 376 

Diodate, 167 

Dummer, 254, 321 
Genealogies in preparation announced — 



Hale, 387 
Locke, 59 

Pevton, 145 
Wright, 74 
Youngman, 45 



Locke. 59 
Luttrell,232 

Merriam. 91 
Miller, 13-4 
Payson. 91 
Peirce, 91 
Porter, 91 
Baviry, 134 
Fpare, 1S5 
Ptimson, 336 
Streeter, 232 
Swift, 336 
Waterman, 133 



Aylsworth. 91 

Candee, 232 

Clark, 336 

Cleveland 91 

Cogswell, 3S8 

Damon, 3S6 

Emerson, 91 

Hale, 184 

Hopkins. 91 

Jacobs, 91 

Kenney, 184 

Learned, 91 

Libby, 232 
Genealogical Queries, 1S2 
Good, William, injury to by the Witchcraft delusion, 

253 
Gorgeana Records, extracts from, 42 
Gorham, Na r haniel. query, 134 
Grantees of meadow land in Dorchester, 72 

Hale Genealogy, 3^7 

Hancock, query, 279 

Harris, query, 273 •, reply, 235 

HarrUon Family, 240 

Harvard College. Conjures on (1762), 121; Build- 
in/ of Harvard Hall, 300 ; Observatory of, 182 

Hathaway, John, note, 3^4 

Hayden, llt-zekiah, que y, 87 

Heraldry, report of the Committee on, 272, 343 

Hii!. qu-ry, 134 

Eistor cal Societies, proceedings of — Archaeological 
Institute, 235 ; Canton, 233 ; Kansas, 137; Maine, | 
187; New Brunswick, 1*6; N- 1 England Historic | 
Genealogical, 91, 185, 282, 387 ; New Hav-n Col- . 
Ony, 2S5', NewJ^rs^y, 187; New York G*-nealog 
ical an.i Biographical, 187 ; Nova Scotia, 234 ; Old j 
Colony, 187 ; Pocomtuck Valley Memorial Asso- | 
ciation, 2^3; Rhode Island, 93, 183, 2S4, 383 ; 
Virginia, 285, 'Mi ; Weymouth, 183 

Home Farm (newspaper), note, 88 



j Honour, Alice, query, 279 
I Rowland, query, 88 

Illustrations — 

Autographs of— Ebenezer AMen, 310 ; John Ayres, 
een J 332 ; John Ayres, jun., 332 ; Samuel 
Av-res, 332 ; John Bowles, 123 5 Daniel Brewer, 
123 ; Edward Bridge, 123 ; John Browne, 253 ; 
Samuel Browne, 253; Jonathan B. Bright, 117 ; 
Richard Coy, sen., 332 ; Kichard Coy, 332 ; 
Samuel Cuiier, 213; Johu Eliot, 123; Tho- 
mis Foster, 123; Roger Garde, 343; Samuel 
Gray, 123; Richard Goad, 123; Ralph llem- 
enway, 123; James Hovev, 332; Abraham 
How, 123 ; Samu-rl Kent, 332 ; Samuel Mey, 
123; Edward Morris, 123; Abraham Newel!, 
sen., 123 ; Isaac Newell. 123; Jacob Newell, 123; 
Edward Paison, 123 ; Giles Paison. 123 ; John 
Parpoint. 123 ; Thomas Parsons, 336 ; Robert 
Pepper, 123 ; John II. Peyton, 9 ; John Poley, 
123 ; Samuel Prichett, 336 ; William Prichet, 
332 ; John Pynchon, 332 ; Samuel Rugbies, 
123 ; Robert Seaver, 123 ; Jara-s Travis. 338 ; 
Judah Trumbull, 336 ; John Warner, Z'^ ; Na- 
thaniel Warner. 336 ; Samuel Warner, 336 ; 
Johu Watson, 123; Robert Williams, 123; 
Samuel Williams, 123; Thomas Wilsou, 336; 

J >hn Younglove, 336; Thomas (?) 235, 

383 

Coat of Arms. Coffin, 3S0 ; Diodate. 166 

Facsimile of Signatures to the Roxbury Petition^ 
123 

Facsimile of th° Petition of Inhabitants of Qua- 
boag (1673) 332 

Maps — Extracts from map3 of Yerra7ano and Mer- 
cator, 48 

Portraits — Ebenez°r Alden, 310 ; Jonathan B. 
Bright, 117 ; Samuel Cutler, 213 ; John L. Pey- 
ton, 9 

Seat and Arms of th? Coffin Family, 330 
Inscriptions, 263, 323, 325-27, 329 
Items of Kinship from York County Deeds, 383 

Keayne, note, 277 

Kimball, Abigal, query, 230 

Ladd, Joseph, query, 279 

Lee, Francis Lighito >t, letter of (1779), 84 

Lee Family Arms, query, 279 

Letters — 

Ben-diet Arnold (1779), 153 ; (1797), 154 ; (1798). 
155 

Joseph L. Chester (1830), 272 

Mrs. Alice Daniell. 32) 

Francis Kirb^ (1637), 369 

Francis l.ightfoot Lee U779), 84 

Jean Mascarene (1837) . 222 

Nicholas Moorey (1719), 235; (1722), 233 

Robert Morris (1776 j 83 

Jeremiah Moulton (1744), 68 

Edmund Quincy (1777), 39 ; (1778), 41 

Gov. William Shirley f 1744), 66 

Charles W. Tu tie (1380), 272 
Letters Patent of Denization, 248 
Letters writt-m during the P.erolutinn, 83 
Leverett, Gov., was he a Knight? 272, 345 
Library of Hon. William Green, noU a , 87 
Little fam ly, query, 279 
L- eke family, 59 
Longevity, note on, 383 
Longmeadow Families, records, 25, 159, 236, S58 

Masoarene Jean, letter of (1687), 222 

Maps. (S'-e llluxtrrition*.) 

Mather. Jeremuh, query, 89 

Mayo, qu«-ry, 89 

Mc .'l*nagh*n, William, query, 273 

Meachum, note, 88 

Merobera of the New England Historic, Genealoglo*l 

Society, obituaries of. (See JSecroiogy.) 
Memoir!! — 

Kben-zer Alden, 310 

Jonathan B. Bright, 117 



VI 



General Index. 



Memoirs — 

Samuel Cutler, 213 

John L Peyton, 9 
Men of the Time, announcement of, 3S6 
Menotomy, note, 182 

Mendon— Who was its first Minister f 157 
Merri:k, query, S9 
Middleton— announcement of genealogical history, 

281 
Miller, Jeremiah, Jr., certificate of, 166 
Moorey, Nicholas, letters of, 235 
Morris, Robert, letter of (1776), S3 
Moulton, Jeremiah, letter of (1744), Go 

Necrology of the New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Society- 
John S. Abbott. 392 

Simeon P. Adams, 390 

JnbnT. Clark. 191 

Nathan Ciiff.rd. 395 

Joseph J Co^ke, 391 

Elias H. Derbv, 19S 

William E. Du Bois, 394 

Ebenezer T. Farrinston, 96 

William C. F>wler,~194 

Nathan B. Gibbs, 191 

George F. Gr ( <y, 93 

WHiam Grigsou, 2S7 

Charles Hudson, 395 

John S. Jenness, 197 

James II. Jones. 197 

Silas Ketchum, 196 

Daniel Lancaster. 95 

Am>s Lawrence, 99 

TV illiam Lawton, 286 

William Makepeace. 289 

Aaron C. May hew, 94 
. Kob-rt Mayo," 93 

Nathaniel C. Nash. 95 

Edmund B. 0'' allacrhan, 194 

Dana B. Putnam, 195 

Thomas D Quincy, 287 

John Sirtreor, 290 

Richard W. Sears, 96 

Henry Smith, 392 

Thomas C. Smith, 193 

Alden J. Spooner, 394 

William B. Sp< oner, 190 

Peleg Sprague, 192 

Alexander Strong, 392 

Leonard Thompson, 393 

William H. Tuthill, 190 

Alexander H. Vit ton, 233 

John A. Vinton, 99 

John Waddmgton, 195 

Samuel Webber, 239 

Henry White, 189 

Frederick A. Whitney, 192 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society. An^ 
nual Address, 129 ; Heraldry Committee report, 
272, 345 ; Necrol^ev of. 91, 189, 235, 390 ; Proceed- 
ings of. 51, IS 1 ., 232, 387 
New Hampshire Bi-Centennial, 184 
Newman, note, 277 
Newton, qu'ry, 273 
Nutes and Queries, 85, 181, 277, 382 

Obituary Notices. (See Biographical Sketches and 

Necrology.) 
Osment, query, 88 
Ossipee Township— d eposltion of Anna Dyer, 366 

Patterson, Gen. John, query, 183 

Pemberton, query, 88 

Peirce, note, 383 

Perly. note, 382 

Petitions. David Mossom In behalf of Philip Eng- 
lish, 163 ; William Good, 253 ; Roxbury inhabi- 
tants concerning Harvard College, 122 ; Inhabi- 
tants of Quaboap, Oct. 10, 1673, to be made a 
town to be called Brookfield, 332 ; Sudbury, 219 



Peyton family, Virginia, 145 

Peyton, John L., memoir of, 9 

Phelps genealogy, note, 86 

Phillips, query, 83 

Pierp 'nt. John, query, 273 

Pik^, Major R bert, land in Salisbury. 232 

Porter, reply to query, 231, 385 

Publicans, recent, 112, 209, 364, 403 

Queries. (?ee Notes and Queries.) 
Quincy family letters, 39 

Recent Publications, 112, 209, 304, 408 

Records. Dartmouth, Mass., 32 ; Dorchester, 72 ; 
Gorgeana, 42 ; Longmeadow families. 25, 159, 236, 
356; Roxbury (Church), 21,241; West Spring- 
field. 228, 363 

Richardson, Hon. William A., note on portrait of, 85 

Ridland family, query, 280 

Robinson, Joh", query, 1S3 

Rochester (Kingston. R. I ) Assessments (1637), 129 

Rollins, Elizabeth, query, 280 

Roxbury Church Records, 21, 241 

Roxbury Petition, Facsimile of, 123 

Ruggles, Joseph, query, 384 

Saunderson, query, 87 

Sears, David, query, 279 

Sharpe, Thomas, notice of, 233 

Shirley. G-v. William, letter of (1744), 66 

Snellii g, William J-, query, 384 

Stone, note, 277 

Sudbury Document, 218 

Sufi. Ik Deeds, abstracts of, 243; Letter3 Patent of 

Denization, 243 
Swallow, query, 87 
Sweet, query, 89 

Taxes under Gov. Andros, 34, 124 

Temple, query, 1S3 

Three needles, reply to note, 385 

Three years on board the Kearsarge, 341 

Tdden, qu-ry. 88 

Topsfieid, Mass , town rate of, 1687, 34 

Towns in the King's Province, 182 

Town Histories in preparation— 

Billerica, Mass., 282 

Boston First Church, 90 

Greene, Maine, 232 

Medway, Mass., 282 
Town Records. (See Records ) 
Tyng, query, 279 

Value of a Pound in Massachusetts and Connecticut 

Colonies at different periods, query. 89 
Virginia Documents, Peyton family, 145 

Wakefield Inscription, note. 36 

Walker, Obadiah, query, 278 

Warner, qu^ry, 37 

Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? 272. 345 

Waterman, queries, 183, 278 

West Springfield Marriages. 228, 363 

Wheeler, Hannah, query, 273 

Who was the first Minister of Mendon ? 157 

White, Hannah, query, 384 

Wilder, Marshall P.. annual address of, 129 

Williams, query, 334 

Windham (Canada), reply, 90 

Wills and other pr -bate records, abstracts of and ex- 
tracts from. Simeon P. Adams, 390; Joseph J. 
Cooke. 391 ; William L">cke, 63 ; Henry Peyton, 
146 ; Gerard Peyton, 143 ; Valentine Peyton, 147 

Witchcraft in Springfield, 152 

Wood, qu-ry, 83 

Woodbridge, Mary, query, 183 

Wrignt Genealogy, 74 ; query, 83 

Youngman family, 45 ; query, 89 
York County Deeds, items from, 382 



Index to Suffolk Wills, 



vu 



INDEX TO SUFFOLK WILLS. 

The following is an index to the Wills and other Probate matter on record or on 
file in Suffolk Count}', Massachusetts, to 1G69, abstracts of which have been made 
by William B. Trask, and Samuel G. Drake, and printed in previous volumes of the 
Register. 



Abercromby, David, xii. 275. Acres, Tho- 
mas, viii. 334. Adams, Henry, Braintree. vii. 
35. Addington, Isaac, Boston, viii. 128-r. 
Alcock, George, Roxbury, ii. 101 ; vii. 31. 
Alcocke, John, Roxbury, physician, xvi. 57. 
Alcocke, Thomas, Boston, ix. 344. Allen, 
Bezoune, Hingham, v. 299 ; viii. GO. Alley, 
Philip, Boston, ix. 13S. Ambrose. Henry, 
carpenter, Hampton, Salisbury, Charlestown, 
Boston, ix. 34G. Ames, William, Br^jntree, 
ix. 142. Arnold, John, x. 3(30. Astwieke, 
William, xv. 73. Astwood, James, Boston, 
vii. 337; viii. 62, 275; ix. 40. Atherton, 
Gen. Humphrey. Dorchester, x. 361 ; xxxii 
197. Atkinson, Thomas, Concord, viii. 57. 
Atvvood. Herman, Boston, viii. 57. Avery, 
John, viii. 354; xxxi. 102. Axtell, Thomas, 

Sudbury, iii. 81. Baekway, John, Ketch 

Speedwell, xv. 247. Bacon, Michael, Ded- 
ham, vii. 230. Bacon, Rebecca, vii. 30. Bad- 
ditier, Nicholas, Dittisham, Devon, xvi. 233. 
Bagnley, Thomas, Concord, ii. 185; viii. 55. 
Baker, John, Boston, xv. 124. Ballard, Wil- 
liam, Lynn, ii. 183. Barber, Richard. Ded- 
ham, iii. 178; xxx. 201. Barlow, Bartholo- 
mew. Boston, ix. 229. Barlow, Thomas, xi. 
39. Barrell, George, Boston, ii. 383; viii. 55, 
cooper. Barrell, John. Boston, cooper, viii. 
354. Barnard, Nathaniel, Boston, x. S3. Ba-s. 
Samuel, Jr.. Braintree, viii. 62; ix 228. Bate, 
or Bates, Elder James. Dorchester, v. 297; 
Ix. 139. Balherston, James, mariner, xii. 53. 
Batt, Christopher, Boston, x. 268. Batten, 
Hugh, Dorche.-ter, ix. 348. Battile, Battelle, 
Robert, Boston, x. 175. Baxter, Gregory, 
Braintree, ix. 136. Beales, John Hingham, 
ix. 38. Beamsley, William, Boston, ix. 37. 
Beecher, Thomas, Charlestown, vii. 30. Bell, 
Thomas, Bo-ton, ix. 40 Bellow, Robert, 
some time of R. I., xix. 24. Benjamin, John, 
Watertown, iii. 177 ; viii. 60. Benjamin, 
Maty, Watertown, iii. 178. Bennett, Francis, 
Boston, ix. 142. Bennett, George, Bo-ton, 
viii. 58. Bent, Agnes, iii. 267. Bidneld. Sam- 
uel, Boston, cooper, x. 83. Bigg, Rachel, 
Dorche-ter, v. 300. Biggs, John, Boston, 
xv. 252. Bills, Robert, Charlestown, xii. 54. 
Birch, Thomas, Dorchester, viii. 2*1 ; xvi. 
161. Bird, Thomas, sen., Dorchester, tanner, 
xvi. 161. Bishop, Henry, Boston, xiii. 332; 
xvi. 228. Bitfield. Elizabeth, widow of Sam- 
uel, constable, Boston, xx. 239. Bittlestone, 
Thomas, Cambridge, ii. 263. Blackley, Ed- 
ward, Roxbury, vii. 29. Blague, Blagg**, 
Henry, Braintree, brick burner, xii. 49. 
Blainfield, Thomas, viii. 55. Blake, William, 
Dorchester, xii. 153. Blanchard, William, 
Boston, v. 239 ; viii. 62. Blanton, Blan- 
taine, Bland ing, William, Bo-ton, carpenter, 
xi. 172. Blodget, or Bloggett, Cambridge, 
ii. 185. Bloffe, Frances, widow, Cambridge, 
vii. 170. Blott, Robert, Charlestown, xv. 73. 
Bos worth, Zaccheus, Boston, v. 443. Bow- 
atreete, William, Concord, ii. .'385. Boyden, 
Thorna.*, Boston, Medfield, xi. 38. Boyse, 
Antipas, Boston, merchant, xix. 308. Brack- 
et, John, Boston, xv. 250. Bradish, Robert, 
Cambridge, ix. 225, Bradford, Alexander, 
iii. 81. Bradley, John, Salem, ii. 185; vii. 32. 
Branch, Peter, Holder), Kent. ii. 183. Bran- 
don, William, Weymouth, vii. 35, 172. Bray, 
Osmond, Weymouth, vii. 228. Breck, Ed- 
Ward, Dorchester, yeoman, xi. 338. Brewer, 



Daniel, Roxbury, vii. 17Q. Briggs, Clement, 
Plymouth, Dorchester, Weymouth, vii. 233; 
ix^ 347. Brinsmeade, William, Dorchester, 
iii. 206; ix. 347. Brocke, Henry, Dedham, iv. 

288. Browne, Edmund. Surinam, xv. 252; xvi. 
335. Browne, Grace, widow of James, Bos- 
ton, viii. 5S. Browne, James, Boston, vii. 335. 
Browne, Nicholas, Exeter, or that region 
{Savage), vii. 174. Browne, Richard, Water- 
town, x. 270. Browne, William, Boston, 
soap boiler, xi. 175. Buckniaster, Joseph, 
Muddy River, xix. 37. Buckniaster, or Buck- 
minster, Lawrence, iii. 178. Buckniaster, or 
Buckminster, Thomas. Muddy River, vi. 353; 
x. 173. Bugby, Edward. Roxbury. xix. 163. 
Bullock, Edward, Dorchester, vi. 353. Bur- 
den. George. Boston, viii. 276; xxxi. 104. 
Burnell, William, Bulling Point, Boston, ix. 
230; x. 270. Burrell, John, Roxbury, vi. 353. 
Burton, Boniface, Boston, xx 241. Busby, 
Bridget, x. 173. Busby, Nicholas, Water- 
town, viii. 278. Butlan'd, Thomas, Boston, 
ix. 142. Butler, William, viii. 58. Butoiph, 
Frarye, Hardinge, petition of, 1665, xvi. 160. 
Buttolph. Thomas, Boston, glover, xvi. 159. 
Button, Robert, Boston, vii. 334. Byam, or 
Byom, Nathaniel, vii. 337. Cad, Bartholo- 
mew, xiii. 156. Capen, Barnard, Dorchester, 
v. 240. Carter, Richard, broad weaver, car- 
penter. Boston, xviii. 156. Carver, Richard, 
Watertown, ii. 261. Carwithy, Joshua, Bos- 
ten, mariner, xiii. 154. Cave, Ezra, vii. 338. 
Chadwell, Barbara, wife of Thomas, Boston, 
xiii. 331. Chandler, Joseph, xvi. 335 Chap- 
man, Richard, sen., Braintree, xix. 309. 
Cheney, William, Roxbury, xvi. 164. Check- 
ering, Francis, Dedham, ix. 346. Church, 
Richard, Hingham, father of Capt. Benjamin, 
xix. 163. Clap, John, Dorchester, v. 443. Clapp, 
Edward, Dorchester, xiii. 152. Clarke, Anne, 
widow, xv. 247. Clarke, Arthur, Salem, xvi. 
233. Clarke, Dennis, ii. 3*6. Clarke, John, 
sen.. Boston, chirurgion. xiii. 14. Clarke, 
Robert, Rederite, Eng., mariner, xi. 169. Cle- 
mens, John, seaman, v. 299; ix. 141. Cloade, 
Andrew, Boston, wine cooper, xiii. 333. Cod- 
dingtou, John, Boston, ix. 136. Coggan, 
John, Boston, ix. 35 ; xii. 54 ; x. 175 ; 
xxxi. 106. Coggan, Mrs. Martha, Boston, x. 
175. Colbron, Colborne, Colburn, William, 
Boston, xi. 174. Cole, Samuel, Boston, inn- 
keeper, xv. 249. Collier, Thomas, Hingham, 
vii. 173; x. 88. Compton, Ausannah, xiii. 153. 
Cooke, Thomas, Watertown, vii. 34. Cooper, 
Anthony, Hingham, vii. 2o Cooper, Benja- 
min, Salem, vii. 29. Cooper, John, Wey- 
mouth, v. 303; viii. 62. Cotton, John, Boston, 
v. 240; viii. I28i\ Cotton, Sarah, Boston, vi. 

289. < oytmore, Thomas, Charlestown, vii. 32; 
viii 57. Cromes, Samuel, iii. 178. Cromwell, 
Thomas, Boston, iii. 268; xxxi 175. Cruse, 
Richard, xxx. 80. Cullick. John, Hartford, 
Boston, xi. 338. Cushiiig, Matthew, Hing- 
ham, x. 173. Damerili. Humphery, Bos- 
ton, ix. 229. Dane, John, Roxbury, ix. 
37. Davenport, Capt. Richard, Salem, xvi. 
233. Davis, George, Boston, v. 306 : ix. 
35. Davis, George, bound for Cap-- Fear, 
xvi. 54. Davis, James, Bo-ton, mariner, 
ix. 340. Davis, Rice, ix. 334 ; xxxi. 105. 
Davis, Richard, Dorchester, xi. 339. Da- 
vis, William, v. 298; ix. HI. Dell, George, 
Boston, v. 442 ; xi. 38. Denning, William, 



Till 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



Boston, v. 302 ; viii. V2Bx. Denni*on, Ed- 
ward, Roxbury, xviii. 326. Denton, Rich- 
ard, Dorchester, i.\. :-i47. Dickerman, Tho- 
mas, tailor, Dorchester, ix. 344. Dixer, 
Dixey, Samuel, xi. 175. Dod, George, Bos- 
ton, mariner, xii. 154. Douglas, Henry, Bos- 
ton, xvi. 227. Douines, Daniel, xix. 185. Dove- 
nies, Daniel, xii 51. Drinker, Philip, Charles- 
town, vii. 109. Dudley, Thomas, Fxeter, v. 
444; ix. 130. Dudley," Thomas, Roxburv, v. 
295; viii. 128a?. D wight, John, Dedham, x. 

203; xx\i. 178. Eaton, John. Dedham. ix. 

3*. Edinsell, Edsall, ur Edsell, Thomas, 
Boston, viii. 270. Edwards, Philip, Dor- 
chester? xiii. 337. Edwards, Robert. Con- 
cord, viii. 57. Eire. 8imou, Bo-ton, ix. 39. 
Eire, or Eyre, Simon. Jr., Boston, viii. 12S.T. 
Ellen, .Nicholas, Dorchester, xix. 3(5. Elliott, 
Jacob, iv. 53, Bo-ton, x. 203. Elliott, Mar- 
gery, x. 302; xxx. 205. Elliott, Philip, Rox« 
Bury, viii. 281. Emmons. Martha. Boston, 
widow of Thomas, xv. 321. Emmons. Tho- 
mas, Boston, cordwainer, xii. 345. Endicott, 
John, sen., late of Salem, now of Boston, 
xv. 126. Endicott, John, son to Gov. John, 
xvi. 333. Ethringtou, 1 homas, Newichewau- 
nock, xvi. 10.'. Evans, David, Boston, xi. 
344. Evan*, Richard, Dorchester, xi. 341. 

Everell, Abiel. Boston, x. 268; xxxi. 178. 

Fairbanks, Jonat'iau, Dedham, xix. 32. 
Farnworth, Joseph, Dorchester, ix. 140. 
Faulkner, Thomas, Boston, ix. 225. Fawer, 
Barnabas, Dorchester and Bo<ton, v. 305; ix. 
135. Eaxon, Thomas, Jr., Braintree, xi. .342. 
Fayerweather, Thomas, Boston, vii. 30. Fear- 
ing, John, Hingham, xiii. 331. Fermace, 
Fbrmais, Yermacs, Alice, Salem, viii. 277. 
Field, William, xiii. 332. Finson, Thomas, 
iii. 79. Fisher, Elizabeth, Dedham, viii. 5*. 
Fisher, John, Medtield, xix. 34. Fitchew, 
Peter, Boston, viii. 55. Flaeke, Cotton, Bos- 
ton, viii. 353. Fletcher, Edward Badgedm, 
co. Gloucester, xvi. 231. Flint, Rev. Henry, 
Braintree, xviii. 327. Flood. Richard (S'/v- 
age, Floyd;, Boston, xii. 50. Follett, Wil- 
liam, Oyster River, vii. 33d. Foote, Joshua, 
Loudon, Roxbury, Providence, v. 444; i\. 137, 
Franklin, John, ix. 344; xxxi. 107. Franklin, 
William, of Boston, d. in London, ix. 344. 
Frothingham, William, Chariestown, xxx. 

20-i. Fry, William, Wevmouth, ii. 385. 

Gallop, Christobel, widow of John, Dorches- 
ter and L. E, v. 444. GaHop, John, Boston, 
vii. 227, 228. Gamlen, Robert, Roxburv, xii. 
274. Garrett, Robert, Boston, xviii. 327. Gar- 
rett, William, London, mariner, xv. 252. 
Gary, or Geary, Arthur, Roxbury, xv. 248. 
Gatline, or Gattlife, Thomas, Dorchester, 
miiler, xiii. 9. George. John, Watertown, 
vii. 172. Gibbons, Jotham, Bermuda and 
Boston, ix. 340. Gibbons, Margaret, widow 
ofMaj.Gen.G, ix. 340. Gibbons, Maj. Gen. 
Edward, Chariestown, viii. 270. Gibson, 
Robert, Boston, ix. 347. Gill, Arthur, Dor- 
che-ter, vii. 338; viii. 356; ix. 228; xxxi. 102. 
Gillett, Jeliett, John, Bo-ton, xiii. 156. Glad- 
man, Elkana,xvi. 50. Glover, Henry, Sled- 
field, ix. 135. Glover, John, Boston, v. 301; 
viii. 351. Glover. Mrs. Mary, Dorchester, x. 
174. Glover, Nathaniel, Dorchester, ix. '230. 
Goldstone, Ann, wid. of Henry, Watertown, 
viii. 57. Goodale, Flizabeth, Newbury, vii. 
170. Goodrich, William, Watertown, viii. 
67. Goodyear, Samuel, viii. 275. Gore, John, 
Roxbury, viii. 2*2; xxxi. 104. Go-se, John, 
Watertown, viii. 50. Gould. Jarvi«, Boston, 
ix. 225. Gove, .John, Chariestown, vii. 170. 
Grave, John, Koxbury. iii. _".'>: viii. 56. Gray, 
Peter, Braintree, xii. 53. Greene, John, Kox- 
bury, vii. 30. GncH, or Grise, Charles, Brain- 
tree, xii. 273. Griffin, Thomas, New London, 
Stonington, x. 359; xxxi. 170. Griggs, Alice, 
Boston, xii. 48. Griggs, George, Boston, ix. 
343. Griggs, Humphrey, Braintree, ix. 343. 
Griggs, Ihomas, Roxbury, vii. 35. Grim- 



228 ; xii. 273. 
Gulliver, Tho- 

Gurney, John, 
viii. 59." Ha?- 

201. Halstead, 
Halsted, VV il- 
33. H anbury, 
Hands. Mark, 



stone, Margaret, widow, Boston, vii. 173. 
Grocer, Thomas, London, England, Roxbury, 
xiii. 155. Grosse, Edmund. Boston, ix. 135. 
Grosse, Isaac, Boston, vii 
Grosse, Widow, viii. 128j. 
mas, Braintree, xii. 154. 
Braintree, xii. 53. Guy, Mr. 
borne, Samuel, Roxbury, ii. 
Nathan, Concord, viii. 50. 
Ham, Concord, iii. 177; vii 
William, Boston, vii. 231. 
Boston, nailer, xiii. 9. Hanniford, John, 
Boston, mariner, xiii. 149. Harbor, John, 
sen., Braintree, xxx. 433. Harder, or Hardier, 
Elizabeth, Braintree, xiii. 12. Hardier, Rich- 
ard, Braintree. viii. 352; xxxi. 105. Harding, 
Abraham, Dedham, vi. 35. Harding, Wil- 
liam, Fayal, merchant, svii. 340. Harlacken- 
den, Roger, Earlscolne, then Cambridge, ii. 
181. Harrod, James, son of William, Bidde- 
ford, co. Devon, xii. 345. Harvey, Joseph, 
EarlAolne, Essex {Savage), ii. 1*1. Harvey, 
William, Boston, ix. 340. Haugh, or Hough, 
Susan, widow of Atherton, Boston, vii. 336. 
Haule, Samuel. Chariestown, vii. 30. Hawes, 
Richard. Dorchester, ix. 138; xi. 342. Hawes, 
Robert. Roxbury, xv. 251. Hawkins, Abrasa, 
vii. 170. Hawkins, Thomas, shipwlight, 
Chariestown, Dorchester, Boston, ix. 343. 
Hayward, William, Braintree, ix. 340. Haz- 
ard, John, xii. 50. Heath, Isaac, Koxbury, 
x. 204. Heath, Widow Elizabeth, Roxbury, 
xiii. 150. Heath, William, Roxbury, iv. 2S6. 
Heaton, Nathaniel, Dedham, xiii. 337. Mer- 
sey, William, Hingham, viii. 354. Heylett, 
Edmund, Deptford, co. Kent, England, x. 359. 
Hibbins, Ann, widow of William, Boston, vi. 
2*3. Hill, John, Boston, vii. 35. Hill, John, 
Dorchester, blacksmith, xii. 346. Hill, John, 
late of Barbadoes, vintner, xvi. 334. Hills 
(lies, Eles) Richard ii. 102; vii. 30. Hobart, 
Elisabeth, Boston, iii. 77; viii. 55. Holland, 
John. Dorchester, iv. 287. Holley, Samuel, 
Cambridge, ii. 385; xi. 172; xxx. 81. Hollo- 
way, William, Boston, xiii. 156. Holman, 
John, Dorchester, v. 242; viii. 60. Holman, 
John, Jr., Dorchester, ix. 142. Holmes, 
George, Roxbury, vii. 30. Holmes, or Homes, 
William, Plymouth, Boston, vii. 230. Hol- 
yoke, Edward, Lynn, Rumney Marsh, ix. 345. 
Homes, David, xvi. 52. Huuchins, Thomas, 
xii. 52. How, Edward, Watertown, iii. 77; 
viii. 00. Howing, or Howen, Elizabeth, wid- 
ow or wife of Rooert, Boston, vii. 338. How- 
sen, Capt., viii. 59. Hubbard, Elizabeth, 
widow, Boston, iii. 77; viii. 55. Hubbard, 
Peter, Barbadoes, mariner, xv. 74. Hudson, 



Mary,' Bur-ton. iv. 54. Hud.-on, Ralph, 



:>h, Bos- 
ton, iv. 53. Hull, Robert. Boston, "xv. 322. 
Hunne, George, Boston, vii. 31. Humfrey, 
Jonas, Dorche?ter, tanner, xi. 37. Humphe- 
rv, Jane, widow of Jonas, Dorchester, xviii. 
328. Humphreys, William, Boston, viii. 12&T. 
Hunt, Thomas, Boston, ix. 229. Hunt, Su- 
san, Sudbury, vii. 32. Hurst, Goodman, prob- 
ably of Boston, viii. 354. Hutchinson, Samuel, 

Boston, xvi. 331. Irons, Ints, innes, 3Iat- 

tiiew, Boston, xi. 30. Ivey, James, Brain- 
tree, viii. 128te. Jacob, Nicholas, Hing- 
ham, viii. 280. Jarrett, Richard, viii. 57. 
Jarvis, John, Boston, merchant, xii. 50. 
Jempson, or Gimson, James. Bo-ton, xi. 341. 
Jewell, Samuel, Boston, ix. 343. Jewell, 
Thomas, Braintree, v. 304. Johus. William, 
Hingham, xii. 51. Johnson, John, Roxbury, 
ix. 224. Johnson, Margaret, widow, Hing- 
ham, x. 84. Johnson, Samuel, ix. 227. Jom 
Alice, widow of Richard. Dorch'-ster, 
55. Jones, Samuel, Dorchester, x. 
Joaos, Rice, Boston, xi. 175. Jones, Thomaa, 
Dorchester, xv. 325. Jones, Timothy, Dor- 
chester, v. 298. Jordan, James, Dedham, v. 
441. Jovce, or Joice, William, Boston, vii. 

175. Judsoc, Samuel, Dedham, viii. 280. 

iiane, Ezra, viii. Libx. Jxeayue, Capt. Rob- 



viii. 

300. 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



IX 



ert, Boston, vi. 89, 152 ; xxii. 105. Kelly, 
David, Boston, xii. 51. Keraon, James, it. 
226. Kennidge, .Matthew, Bo-ton, ix. 141. 
Kent, Joshua, Dedham, xiii. 13. Kibby, 
Henry, Dorchester, x. 360. Kimball, Henry, 
Watertown. vii. 174. Kincr, Dorothy, Wey- 
mouth, v. 239 ; viii. 60. King. Thomas, Wa- 
tertown. viii. 56. Kingman, Thomas, Wey- 
niuuth, xvi. 220. Kingsbury, John, Dedham, 
x. 176. Kingsbury, Margaret, Dedham, xi. 
40. Knight, 'Robert, Hampton and Boston, 
v. 442. Knights, Athageed, iii. 81. Knower, 
Thomas, Charlestown, iii. 80. Koker, 

Samuel, ix. 142 Lamb, Thomas, Rox- 

bury, viii. 56. Lamson, Barnabas, Cam- 
bridge, ii. 104. Lane, James, Plymouth 
(Eng.), Boston, carpenter, xi. 174. Lane, 
Sampson, xv. 123. Lane, William, Dorches- 
ter, v. 304; viii. 276. Lauer, Margery, 
Dorchester, xiii. 13. Langer, Richard, Hing- 
haru, x. 269; xxxi. 178. Leader, Thomas, 
Boston, xii. 156. Leader (Legare), Jacob, 
Boston, xi. 340. Lechford, Thomas, Boston, 
first Boston lawyer, xxx. 201. Levens, Le- 
vins, or Leavens, John, Roxbury, vii. 175. 
Leverett, Mr. Thomas, Boston, vii. 234. Lim- 
brey. John, mariner, xi. 169. Lincoln, Rob- 
ert, Winnisemet, xii. 154. Lincoln, Stephen, 
Hingham, ix. 346. Lincoln, Stephen, sen., 
Hingham, ix. 38. Lisle, Lyall, Loyal. Mrs. 
Alice, xvi. 335. Locke, Philip, ix. 226. Long, 
Philip, Boston, vii. 234; ix. 225. Looman, 
Anne, Weymouth, ix. 142. Lorinsr, Thomas, 
Hull, x. 270. Lovering, John, Watertown, 
iii. 79; xxx. 79. Low, John, Boston, viii. 
128y. Lowell, John, Xewbury, vii. 35. Lud- 
kin. George, Braintree, vii. 175. Ludkin, 
William, Hingham, viii. 58. Luson, John, 

Dedham, x. 267 ; xxxi. 178. Makepeace, 

Thomas Dorchester, xv. 323. Manning. Wil- 
liam, sen., Boston, xv. 123. Marsh, Georsre, 
Hingham, vii. 36. Marsh. Thomas, Hing- 
ham, ix, 39. Marshall, John, Barnstable, 
England, xii. 52. Marshall, Thomas, xvi. 163. 
Martin, Lewis, x. 87; xxxi. 321. Masters, 
John, Cambridge, ii. 180. Mather, Increase, 
Boston, v. 445. Mather, Rev. Richard, Dor- 
chester, xx. 241,248-255. MaThue, Dorman, 
als. Mahoone, Bo-ton, xi. 342. Mattocke, 
James, Boston, cooper, xv. 325. Mattox, or 
Mattocks, David, Braintree and Roxbury, 
viii. 276. Maverick, Samuel, Jr., Boston, xii. 
155; xvi. 333. Mavnard, Elias, Sidmouth, co. 
Devon, England, viii. l2Sw. Mavnard, John, 
carpenter. Dorchester or Boston, ix. 347 : 
xxxi. 175. Mayo, Samuel, mariner, xiii. 332. 
Mead, Gabriel, Dorchester, xvi. 163. Meares, 
John, Boston, xii. 153. Mear3, Robert, Bos- 
ton, tailor, xvii. 345. Mellower Oliver, Bos- 
ton and Braintree, xxx. 78. Mellows. Abra- 
ham, Charlestown, viii. 58. Mellows, Ed- 
ward, Charlestown, vii. 334 Merrick, Eliza- 
beth, widow of John, Hingham and Roxbu- 
ry, vii. 232. Merrick, John, Hinpharn, vii. 
173. Merry, Walter, Boston, shipwright, ix. 
230. Metcalf, Michael. Dedham, vi. 172; viii. 
12SW7. Milam, Mylam, Milom. Hurnphrev, 
Boston, xv. 326; 'xvi. 56. Miller, Robert, 
Concord, vii. 35. Mills. John, Bo-ton, iv. 2*5; 
vii. 336. Miriam, or Meriam, Joseph, Concord, 
ii. 184. Modesly, Cicily, or Sisily, widow of 
John, xi. 170. Modesly, John, Dorchester, 
xi. 170. More, Jeremiah, Boston, vii. 234. 
Morrill, Daac, Roxbury, xi. 35. Morse, John, 
Boston, viii. 278. Morse, Joseph, Dorches- 
ter, viii. 277; xxx. 433. Morse, Samuel, Med- 
field, v. 209; ix. 141. Munning-, Mahalaleel, 
Dorchester, x. 176. Munnings, George, Wa- 
tertown, viii. 354. Munt, or Mount, Thomas, 
Boston, mason, xii. .346; xvi. 162. .Mussed, 

Tnomas, iii. 179. Nanny, Robert, Boston, 

xii. 155. Naulton, Samuel, ix. 136. Nelson, 
Thomas, Rowley, iii. 267. Newberry, Tho- 
mas, Dorchester, vii. 29. Newgate, or New- 
digate, Boston, merchant, xiii. 333. Nichol3, 

B 



Mordecai, Boston, mariner, xii. 344. Nor- 
ton, John, Boston, xi. 342. Norton, Richard, 

Boston, ix. 229. Oliver, John, Boston, iii. 

266; vii. 35; xii. 53. Oliver, Samuel, Boston, 
viii. VZSw. Oliver, Thomas. Boston, viii. 351. 



Orgrave, Ann, x. 
Bo-ton, xi. 345. 



173. Osborne, William, 
Otis, John, Wevniouth, 
viii. 279. Pacv, Mrs. Sarah, ix. 348. Pad- 
dens, Thomas," ix. 226. Paddy, William, 
Boston, vii. 339; viii. 355; xxxi. 321. Paine, 
Mr. John, xvi. 334. Paine, Moses, Braintree, 
ii. 263. Paine, Tobias, Boston, from Jamaica, 
xix. 310. Paine Thomas, mariner, xviii. 154, 
Paine, William. Boston, x. So. Palmer, Abra. 
ham, Charlestown, vii. 338. Palmer, Walter- 
Charlestown, Stonington, xi. 39. Palsgrave- 
Anna, Roxbury, widow of Richard, xix. 307. 
Parill, Edward, Watertown, viii. 56. Park, 
man. Elias, Dorchester, Windsor, Boston, 
mariner, xii. 50. Pavton, Bezaleel, Boston, 
viii. 58. Peacocke, William, Roxbury, x. 267. 
Peake, Christopher, Roxbury, xv. 126. Peake, 
Thomas, ix. 347. Pears, John, Boston, Dor- 
chester, x. 359. Pearse, George, Boston, a 
smith, xi. 342. Pearse, Robert, Dorchester, 
xiii. 154. Pea^e, Henry, sen., Boston, xxx. 
202. Peirse, William, Boston, x. 360; xxxii. 
319. Pell, Joseph, Boston, vii. 234. Penni- 
mun, James, Boston and Braintree, xiii. 151. 
Penny, Henry, ix. 318. Perry, John, Roxbu- 
ry, ii. 260. Phillips, George, Watertown, iii. 
78; viii. 55. Phillips, Susanna, wife of Wil- 
liam, Charlestown, v. 447. Phippeny, David, 
Hinjiiam, vii. 233. Pig, Thomas. Roxbury, 
iii. 78; x. 180. Pitcher, Andrew. Dorchester, 
x. 266; xxxi. 177. Pitts, Elizabeth, Wey- 
mouth, ix. 135. Plimpton, or Plympton, 
Henry, Boston, v. 239 : viii. 60. Pond, Jona- 
than. Cambridge, vii. 338. Pond, Robert, 
Dorchester, vii. 30; xii. 345. Poole, Edward, 
Newport and Weymouth, xiii. 12. Poole, 
Samuel, Weymouth, xx. 241. Pope, Jane, 
Dorchester, xi. 339. Pope, John, Dorchester, 
vii. 229. Potter, William, Roxbury, v. 301; 
ix. 140. Powning, or Pounding, Henry, xvi. 
228. Pratt, John, Dorchester, vii. 36. Pren- 
tice, Robert, Roxbury, xvi. 334. Priest, Mar- 
garet, ix. 347. Proctor, Georee, Dorchester, xi. 

173. Purton, Elizabeth, vii. 233. Patched, 

or Rachell, Boston, ix. 347. Rawlins, Jasper, 
Roxbury and Boston, xvi. 56. Rawlins, Tho- 
mas, Boston, ix. 226. Raves, Simon, Brain- 
tree, vii. 32. Read, Thomas ix. 348. Rey- 
nolds. Robert, Boston, ix. 137. Rice, Philip, 
Boston, tailor, xiii. 338. Richard-, Thomas, 
Weymouth, vii. 232. Richardson. Ezekiel, 
Woburn, vii. 172. Risrby, John, Dorchester, 
vii. 170. Ripley. William, Hingham, vi. 354. 
Roberts, John, Roxbury, vii. 337; ix. 142. 
Roberts, Thomas. Boston, viii. 277. Robin- 
son, Elizabeth, xviii. 156. Robinson, John, 
v. 302. Robinson, Nathaniel, Boston, xviii. 
153. Robin-on, Samuel, Boston, xii. 51. 
Robinson, Thomas, Boston, xv. 123. Robin- 
son. William, xii. 50. Rockwood, Anne, 
Braintree, xiii. 333. Rockwood, Rockett, 
Richard, Braintree, Dorchester, x. 174. Rog- 
ers. Deacon John. Weymouth, x. 265; xxxi. 
177. Root, Ralph, Boston, xv. 76. Row, 
Mose-, Bo-ton, xii. 52. Rowell, Thomas, 
Boston, vii. 339. Ruck, Thomas, Boston, 
innholder. xviii. 325. Rucke, Thomas, Jr., 
Bo-ton, v. 295. Rudick, Ruddock, or Ruddyk, 
Jolliff, Bo-ton, vii. 176. Ruggles, George, 
xxxi. 321. Ruggles, John, Boston, ix. 138, 139; 
sen. xii. 343. Ruggles, Thomas, Roxbury, iii. 

'265. Rus«ell, Henry, Weymouth, ii. 262. 

Saltonscall, Rob't, Watertown. vii. 334. Sam- 
son, John. Murblehead, viii. 356. Samuel, 
John, Boston, mariner, xii. 52. Sandbrooke, 
1 nomas, Boston, vii. 176,227. Sandys, Henry, 
Boston, vii. 335 ; viii. 58. Sargent, Stephen, 
Boston, vii. 334. Satell, or Sawtell, Thomas, 
Boston, iv. 286 ; xxx. 204. Saunders, Mar- 
tin, Boston and Braintree, currier, x. s7. 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



Scarbarrow, or Scarborough, John, Roxbury, 
viii. 50. Scott, Robert, Boston, viii. 270. 
Scottow, Thomas, Boston, joiner, x. 302. 
Sears, Mary, wife of Daniel, Boston, viii. 57. 
Schick, David, Boston, vii. 33$; ix. HI. 
Sharp, Robert, Braintree and Muddy River, 
viii. 277; x. 64; xxxi. 103. Shaw, Abraham, 
Dedhani, ii. 180. Shaw. Joseph, Weymouth, 
v. 303; viii. 353. Shepardsou, Daniel, Charles- 
town, vii. 32, 171: xxx. SI. Sheppard, John, 
Braiutree, viii. 56. Sheafe, Jacob, Boston, 
x. S3. Sherman, Richard, Boston, ix, 227. 
Sherman, Samuel, Boston, ix. 226. Shrimp- 
ton, Edward, Beduall Greene, co. Middlesex, 
xi. 170. Shrimpton, Henry, Boston, brazier, 
xv. 70. Shute, Robert, Boston, vii. 335. Simp- 
kins, Nicholas, Boston, ix. 226, Simson, or 
Simpson, John, Watertown. viii. 56. Skinner, 
Edward, Cambridge, ii. 103; iii. SI. Smead, 
Widow, Dorchester, ix. 344; xxx. 70. Smith, 
Alice, xii. 345. Smith, Christopher, Fly- 
mouth, co. Devon. England, ix. 22S. Smith, 
James, Rehoboth, or Seacuneke, vii. 337. 
Smith, Lawrence, Dorchester, xiii. 337. 
Smith, Mr. Ralph, x. 209. Snell, John. Bos- 
ton, shipwright, xix. 164. Snooke, James, 
"Weymouth, v. 441. Snooke, Margaret, wid- 
ow of James, Weymouth, ix. 228. Snow, 
Thomas, Boston, barber, xx. 240. Sowther, 
or Souther, Nathaniel. Plymouth and Bos- 
ton, ix. 135. Sparrowhawk. Nathaniel, Cam- 
bridge, vii. 175. Spicer, Stephen, Barbadoes, 
merchant, xvi. 329. Spyers, John, Boston, 
v. 442. Stanley, Christopher, Bo-ton, iv. 52. 
Stapell, Staples, or Staple, Jetl'ery, xxx. 
201. Starke, Robert, Concord, viii. 57- Starr, 
Comfort, Boston, ix. 223. Starr, William, 
mariner, Devonshire, xvi. 166. Stebbins, 
Martine, xxxii. 317. Stevens, George, Bos- 
ton^. 445. Stevens, Jeremiah, Boston, xii. 
275. Stevens, William, ix. 229; xxxi. 104. 
Stockbridge, John, Boston, viii. 352. Stod- 
der, John, Hing mm, xi. 35. Stone, John, 
Hull, xii. 273. Stonnard, or Stonhard, John, 
Roxbury, vii. 229. Stoughton, Israel, Dor- 
chester, iv. 51; vii. 333. Stower, Amy. wid. 
of Nicholas, Charlestown, viii. 50. Stower, 
Nicholas, Charlestown, iii. 17J. Strange, 
John, Boston, ix. 230. Streame. Thomas, 
Weymouth, xi. 173. Sumer, Abigail, late 
wife of Thomas Sumer, deceased, iii. SO. 

Sweete, John, Bo-tou. vii. 338. Tailor, 

Nicholas, iii. 203. Tay, or Toy, John, Boston, 
ii. 104. Taylor, John, Weymouth, xviii. 327. 
Thaxter, Thomas, Bingham, viii. 128*0. 
Thayer, Cornelius, Weymouth, xii. 54. Thay- 
er, Thomas, Braintree," shoemaker, xiii. 335. 
Thomas, Evan, Boston, xi. ZS. Thorner, 
Henry, Pheataque, xi. 229. Thornhill, Capt. 
Thomas, Boston, x. 175; xxxi. 175. Thorn- 
ton, Peter, Boston, viii. 57. Toung, or Tong, 
Capt. James, Boston, vi. 2-34. Trescott. 
Thomas, Dorchester, ix. 142. Travegoe, 
Thomas, mariner, Dartmouth, co. Devon, xi. 
40. Truster, Elinor, Salem, xxxi. 103. Tuck- 



er, John, sen., Hingham. x. 209; xxxi. ITS. 
Turner, Isabel, Dorchester, x. 200: xxxi. 178. 
Turner, Jeffery, Dorchester, v. 305; viii. 351. 
Turner, Robert, Boston, shoemaker, iv. 285. 
Turner, Robert, Boston, innholder, xiii. 11. 
Twitched, .Joseph, Dorchester, ix. 344. Tyng, 
Capt. William. Boston, viii. 02; xxx. 432. 

Upsall, or Upshall, Nicholas, Dorche-ter 

and Boston, xv. 250. Utting, Anne, Ded- 
ham, ii. 163. Vermaes, or Vermayes, see 

Fermace, Alice, viii. 277. Wales, Nathan- 
iel. Boston, ship carpenter, xi. 169. Wales, 
Nathaniel, sen., Boston, weaver, xi. 37; 
xxxii. 321. Walker, Thomas, Boston, brick- 
burner, ix. 347. Walter, Richard, Marden, co. 
Kent, Eng., vii. 337; viii. 350. Waltham, Wil- 
liam, Weymouth, ii. 103. Ward. Benjamin, 
Boston, ship carpenter, xviii. 154. Ward, 
Mary, widow of Benjamin, Petition, xviii. 
154. Ward, Mary, widow of Benjamin, 
Will, xviii. 155. Warded, William. Boston, 
xii. 275. Warner, Thomas, Boston, fisher-- 
man, ix. 346. Weale, William, iii. 179. 
Weare, William, Boston, viii. 353. Webb, 
Henry, Boston, merchant, x. 177. Webb, 
Rebecca, v. 303; viii. 350; xxxi. 104. Webb, 
Richard, Weymouth and Boston, ix. 13S. 
Weebon, or Webon, Stephen, d. Boston, ix. 
346. Weeks, George, Dorchester, vii. 334. 
Weld, Daniel, Braiutree and Roxburv, xvi. 
50. Weld, Joseph, Roxbury, vii. 33." Wey- 
borne, or Wyborne, Thomas, Boston, vi. 259. 
Weymouth, Jonathan, ii. 203. Wheatk-y, 
Gabriel, Watertown, iii. 79. Wheeler, Roger, 
Boston, xi. 341. Wheeler, Thomas, Boston, 
v. 305; viii. 276. White, Charity, Boston, 
x. 265 ; xxxi. 17S. White, James. Barba- 
does, merchant, xvi. 228. Wight, John.Med- 
field, viii. 270. Wilkie, John/Boston, x. 209; 
xxxi. 178. Willbore, Samuel, Taunton, vi. 
200. Williams, John, Roxbury, ix. 140. ■ Wil- 
liams, Nathaniel, Boston, glover, x. 270; 
xxxi. 178. Williams, Thomas, Boston, iii. 
ISO. Willis, Nicholas, Boston, vii. 234. Wil- 
son, Edward, Boston or Roxburv. vii. 30. 
Wilson, Rev. John, Boston, xvii. 343. Wil- 
son, Richard, Boston, v. 305; viii. 277. Wil- 
son, Thomas, Exeter, ii. 364. Wilson, Wid- 
ow, Braintree, xii. 5<. Wing, Robert, Boston , 
iv. 54. Winthrop, Mr. Adam, Boston, viii. 
59. Winthrop, John, governor of Mass., vii. 
175. Withington, Henry, Dorchester, xvi. 
52. Wolcott, Mr. [John], Cambridge or Wa- 
tertown, vii. 3o. Wood, Edward. Charles- 
town, iii. 81. Woodcock, Jane, widow, xv.70. 
Woodcock, Richard, Boston, xvi. 54. Wood- 
mansey, Robert, Boston, xvi. o5. Wood- 
ward, Ralph, Hingham, xii. 52. Woodward, 
Robert, carpenter, Boston, viii. 128?c; xiii. 
10. Woodward, Thomas, Nevis, xx. 240. 

33S. Woody, 

Lx. 346. 

Yard, Edward, tisherman, near Dartmouth, 
Devonshire, xviii. 158. 



Woody, John, Roxbury, vii. 234, 
Richard, Roxbury, vii. 339; 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GEXEALOGICAI 

REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1881 



b 



KETCH OF THE HON. JOHN HOWE PEYTON. 



By Col. J. T. L. Preston, Professor of Modern Languages, &c, in the Virginia Military 

Institute, Lexington, Va. 

TIE late John H. Peyton, Esq., of Staunton, Va., was one of the 
finest specimens that we have ever known of the complete law- 
yer. During the prime of life he pursued his profession with a 
laborious assiduity rarely equalled, and though as age advanced 
upon him he remitted his efforts, he did not discontinue his prac- 
tice until a short time before his death, which occurred April 3, 
1847, in the 69th year of his age. None of his contemporaries 
secured a more ample reward in either reputation or pecuniary 
emolument. 

We have spoken of Mr. Peyton as a complete lawyer. Law, 
as a practical profession, has several departments, and it is not un- 
usual to see a lawyer distinguished in some of them, with a com- 
pensating deficiency in others. Some practitioners are successful 
collectors ; some are much esteemed as judicious advisers in matters 
not strictly legal ; some are favorite advocates, with a subdivision 
into those who are influential with the court, and those who are per- 
suasive before a jury ; some are designated good judges of law, or, 
in other words, safe counsellors, and of some the forte is Common 
Law Practice, while others are distinguished as chancery lawyers. 
The organization of the courts in Virginia, and the nature of the 
business, at least in the interior, requires every lawyer to enter 
upon the whole of this miscellaneous practice ; and it is not to be 
wondered at that some, even good lawyers, are not eauallv strong 
in every part. Mr. Peyton knew every part of his profession tho- 
roughly. He had studied diligently as a student ; he had known 
the expectant struggles of the young practitioner ; he had practised 
vol. xxxv. 2 



10 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

under the old system before the reorganization of the judiciary, and 

afterwards under the new : lie had met in contest the strongest men 
in each department of the profession, and he had made himself a 
champion in all. We may add that some lawyers who exhibit the 
highest skill in securing the rights of their clients, are foolishly ig- 
norant of their own ; in other words, they let slip the fair, well 
earned profits of their profession — not so with Mr. Peyton. He 
knew the value of his professional services : he gave them to the 
fullest extent to those who applied for them, and then he in si -ted 
upon just remuneration. We notice this point, not at random, but 
to present a feature belonging to the character of the complete 
lawyer. 

The characteristic of Mr. Peyton's life was efficiency. This effi- 
ciency had for its elements native vigor of intellect, great resolute- 
ness of character and courageous self-confidence, ample and thorough 
requirements and the quickness, precision and dexterity of action 
that belong onlv to those win© have been taught by a varied experi- 
ence to understand thoroughly human nature. In conversation Mr. 
Pevton was ready, entertaining and instructive. But conversation 
was not his forte , though he was fond of it. He was not fluent, 
his manner was sometimes too direct for the highest style of polished 
social intercourse of a general nature, and besides he had a remarka- 
ble way of indulging in a strain of covert satirical banter, when his 
words would be so much at variance with the expression of his coun- 
tenance, and particularly witli the expression of his mouth, that the 
hearer was often in an uncomfortable state of uncertainty how to 
take him. His person was large, and his bearing dignified but not 
graceful. His manner was unaffected, but not without formality, 
nor was it perfectly conci&iory. Some styled him aristocratic, 
while none could deny that his self-respect and confident energy 
gave an imperious cast to his demeanor. We have oftener than 
once thought applicable to Mm, in a general way, those lines of 
Terence : 

" Ellum, confident, catus, 
Cum facicm videas, ^idetur esse quantivis preti. 
Tristi6 severitas iness in voltu, atque in verbis fides." 

His voice was true and clear, and capable of sufficient variety, 
but without a single musical intonation, and a little sharper than 
you would expect to hear from a man of his size and form. If it is 
asked what was the style of his speaking, it may be replied — just what 
might be expected to belong to such a man as he has been described, 
that is to say, never was the speaker a more complete reflection of 
the man than in his case. We cannot believe that any one who 
knew him was ever surprised when they heard him speak ; what he 
said was just what they would expect him to say. This is often the 
case with speakers and writers, but not always. Energy, reality 
and efficiency were his characteristics as a man, and equally so as a 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Hoive Peyton. 11 

speaker. Distinctness of conception lay at the foundation of his excel- 
lence. Some great speakers, some even preeminently great speak- 
ers, not unfreouently hurl unforged thunderbolts. They feel the 
maddening impulse of the god, but give forth their utterances be- 
fore the true prophetic fury comes on. 

Mr. Pevton's mind was no sybil's cave, whence came forth wind- 
driven leaves inscribed with niightv thoughts disposed bv chance, 
but a spacious castle, from whose wide open portal issued men at 
arms, orderly arranged. lie had hardly opened his case, when the 
hearer was aware that he had thought over the whole of it, had a 
given course to pursue, and would close when he came to the end 
of it. This distinctness of conception comprehended the subject as 
a whole, and shed its light upon each detail belonging to it. This 
ensured the most perfect method in all that he said. Before he 
began to speak he had determined in his own mind, not only the 
order of the different parts of Lis discourse, but also their relative 
importance in producing the general impression. Hence he was 
never led away by the tempting character of any peculiar topic, to 
expatiate upon it unduly ; he did not take up matter irrelevant to 
the case because it might touch himself personally ; he never spoke 
for those behind the bar, nor did he neglect to secure the fruits of 
victory in order to pursue an adversary to utter discomfiture. He 
spoke as a lawyer, he spoke for the verdict, and expected to gain 
it by showing that he was entitled to it. Some speakers hope 
to accomplish their object by single, or at least, successive 
impulses — now a clinching argumentative question, now a burst 
of brilliant declamation, and now a piece of keen wit, or a 
rough personality. Such speakers forget, or do not know, that a 
jury may admire, may be diverted, and even moved, without being 
won. He that gains the verdict must mould, and sway, and lead, 
and this is to be effected by continued persistent pressure, rather 
than by tours deforce. This Mr. Peyton knew well, and observed 
it with perfect self-command. His hearers came away satisfied with 
the whole, rather than treasuring up remarkable points and pas- 
sages. Let it not be supposed, however, that he was a cold speak- 
er, who treated men as mere intellectual machines, to be set in mo- 
tion by the pulleys, screws and levers of logic. Far from it ; he 
understood human nature well, and knew the motive power of the 
feelings ; but then he knew, too, that the way to excite the most 
effective sympathy is not to make a loud outcrv, but to make a 
forcible exhibition of real suffering — that the best way to rouse 
our indignation against fraud, deceit, or oppression, is not to exhort 
us to hate it, but to show its hatefulncss. One of his most distin- 
guished cotemporaries upon the same circuit was celebrated lor his 
powers as a criminal advocate ; his manner was obviously upon 
the pathetic order, and perhaps a trifle too declamatory. We have 
seen them in the same cause, arid have thought that if the eloquence 



12 Sketch of the Hon. John lloice Peyton. [Jan. 

of Gen. Briscoe G. Baldwin flushed the countenance quicker, 
the earnestness of Mr. Peyton stirred the heart deeper. Of the 
oratory of a class of speakers by no means rare (not. however, in- 
cluding in their class the distinguished jurist above alluded to), it 
has been well said, "declamation roars while passion sleeps;' of 
speaking justly characterized by this line, Mr. Peyton's was the 
precise reverse. With him thought became passionate before the 
expression became glowing, as the wave swells before it crests itself 
with foam. 

Mr. Peyton's language was forcible, pure and idiomatic. It 
served well the vehicle of his thoughts, but contributed nothing to 
them. There is a real and legitimate advantage belonging to the 
masterly use of words, of which many great speakers know well 
how to avail themselves. 

Mr. Peyton attempted nothing of the sort. His diction was 
thoroughly English, with a marked preference for the Anglo-Saxon 
branch of the language, and his sentences came out in the most 
natural order with unusual clearness and vigor, but not unfrequently 
with a plainness that bordered upon homeliness. His style, how- 
ever, was always that of speaking as distinguished from mere con- 
versation — a distinction which some of our modern speakers forget, 
when in order to appear at their ease, they treat with no little dis- 
regard not onlv the rules of rhetoric, but the rules of grammar as 
well, and use words and phrases which are (to take a word from 
the vocabularv we are condemning) nothing better than slang. 
On the contrarv, there was in Mr. Pevton's stvle the fruit of 
early studies and high-bred association, a classical tinge, extreme- 
ly pleasant to the scholar, though perhaps not appreciable by those 
for whom he generally spoke. It must not be supposed, from what 
has been said of his excellent method, that he resembled in this re- 
spect some of our able but greatly tedious lawyers, who take up in 
regular succession every possible point in the case, however minute, 
and worry us by officiously offering helo where none is needed — so 
far from it he showed his consummate skill as well in what he omit- 
ted as in what he handled, and, as a general thing, his speeches were 
shorter in duration, and yet fuller of matter than those of his oppo- 
nent. His use of figurative language was easy and natural, and 
not stinted ; but his figures were always introduced as illustrations 
and not as arguments. It is not unusual to meet with a speaker who 
is unable to enounce distinctly the general principle he wishes to use, 
throw out an illustration to enable himself to pick out the principle 
from it, or at least to give his hearers a chance to do it for them- 
selves ; not so with Mr. Peyton, lie held up the torch of illustra- 
tion, not to throw a light forward to guide himself in his own in- 
vestigations, but to enable those following the more readily to tread 
the road along with him. He had a very noticeable fondness for 
recurring to the primary fundamental principles of morals, and 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Iloice Peyton. 13 

doubtless he was restrained, by his practical judiciousness, from in- 
dulging this disposition to the full. One of his favorite books was 
Lord Bacon's Essays, and under other circumstances he might him- 
self have been a distinguished moral essayist. 

As may well be supposed, his general strain was grave. The 
high idea he entertained of the dignity of his profession, and the 
earnestness with which he gave himself to it, alike precluded either 
levity or carelessness. However, he was fully able, quite ready 
upon occasion, to avail himself of a keen wit, that was all the more 
effective because it was dry and sarcastic. It occurs to us to men- 
tion an instance well known to his circuit, not illustrative of his 
severity but his pleasantry. In a criminal prosecution, he, as prose- 
cuting attorney, was opposed by two gentlemen of ability, whose pa- 
thos had been so great as to draw abundant tears from their own eves. 
One of them, a gentleman who has since filled a distinguished na- 
tioftal position (Hon. Alexander H. H. Stuart, Secretary of the 
Interior of the United States, 1850-3), was noted for the facility 
with which he could cover over his brilliant eloquence with the 
liquid varnish of his tears. On this occasion he had been singularly 
lachrymose, and supported by his colleague in the same way, the 
sensation produced was very considerable. Mr. Peyton commenced 
his reply by regretting the disadvantage the commonwealth labored 
under in being represented by him who was a very poor hand at 
crying, and certainly was not able to cry against two at a time. 
The iudicrousness of the expression completely neutralized the pa- 
thos of his opponents. He was not averse either to a bit of farce 
now and then, as is shown by a story told of him. In a remote 
part of the circuit a lawyer wished to adorn a moving passage of a 
speech he was just rising to make, with an apposite example, and ap- 
plied to Mr. Peyton, setting beside of him, to help him to the name 
of the man in the Bible who would have his pound of flesh. With 
imperturbable gravity he answered Absalom! The effect of thus 
confounding Shakspeare and scripture may be imagined. 

We have said that Mr. Pevton was thoroughly furnished in every 
part of his profession ; in one department his qualifications were 
peculiar and unsurpassed. Without disparagement to others, it 
may be said, we think, that he was the best commonwealth's attor- 
ney in the state of Virginia. He was the lawyer of the common- 
wealth, and he treated the commonwealth as a client, and labored 
for her with the same industry, zeal and fidelity that he manifested 
in behalf of any other client. The oft-quoted merciful maxim of 
the common law, 'better that ninety and nine guilty men should 
escape than one innocent man should suffer," he interpreted as a 
caution to respect the rights of the innocent, and not as an injunc- 
tion to clear the guilty, and he labored to reduce the percentage of 
rogues unwhipt of justice as low as possible. With a clearness and 
force rarely equalled would he point out the necessity of punishing 
vol. xxiv. 2* 



14 Sketch of the Hon, John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

the euiltv in order that the innocent might be safe, thus exhibiting 
the absolute consistency of strict justice with true mercy. So sim- 
ply and earnestly would he do this, that he not only bound the con- 
sciences of the jury, but also made them feel that they were indi- 
vidually interested in the faithful execution of the laws. Here his 
clear perception of the moral principles upon which rests the penal 
code, and his fondness for recurring to general principles, stood him 
in great stead. It was delightful to hear him expatiate upon this 
theme, for upon no other was he more truly eloquent. 

Mr. Pevton served at different times in both branches of the leg- 
islature, but we speak not of him as a politician. Our purpose has 
been solely to exhibit some of the qualities which made him an emi- 
nent member and ornament of the legal profession. 

To this sketch may appropriately be appended the leading inci- 
dents in the life of Mr. Peyton, and the views entertained of him 
by a few of his cotemporaries, who have reduced them to writing. 
He was born at Stony Hill, Stafford County, Virginia, April 3. 
1778. After having received the elements of education in Frede- 
ricksburg, he entered the University of New Jersey, Princeton, 
where he was graduated in 1797, and received from that insti- 
tution the degree of A.M. He returned to Virginia and studied 
law under Judge Bushrod Washington, of the Supreme Court 
of the United States. Though pursuing a laborious course of 
legal reading, he continued to cultivate the taste for literature 
with which his parents had inspired him, and soon acquired the 
notice of the able and learned men of Fredericksburg and Rich- 
mond by the extensive and varied knowledge he displayed in his 
conversation. In 1800 he commenced the practice of the law 
at Fredericksburg, and almost immediately obtained an oppor- 
tunity, in defence of a man charged with murder, of exhibiting 
his rare powers as an advocate. New opportunities for distin- 
guishing himself were soon offered, and in the course of two 
years he was in full practice and his services rewarded by a 
handsome income. In 1804 he married Susan, daughter of "Wil- 
liam S. Madison, a niece of James Madison, D.D., Bishop of Vir- 
ginia, and cousin of James Madison, fourth President of the United 
States. In 1806 he was elected a member of the House of Dele- 
gates from his native county, and served until 1810 with distin- 
guished ability. He entered the legislature as the friend of James 
Madison, and advocated the foreign and domestic policy which after- 
wards guided Mr. Madison's administration as President of the 
United States. From the first he was regarded as a brilliant de- 
bater, and at the end of his first session it was the general opinion 
that he had no superior in the state as a parliamentary orator. Dur- 
ing his term of service he wrote and pressed to adoption a series of 
resolutions upon the attitude of the state of Pennsylvania with refer- 
ence to an amendment of the constitution of the United States pro- 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 15 

viding a tribunal for settling disputes between the state and federal 
judiciary. " So able and important," says Judge John II. McCue, 
"were these resolutions, as to attract the attention of the leading 
statesmen of the nation, and to guide every other state in opposing 
the efforts of Pennsylvania. In the memorable discussion between 
Daniel Webster and Gen. Hayne of South Carolina, Mr. Webster, 
in his second speech in reply to Hayne, referred to and quoted Mr. 
Peyton's resolutions, and declared that they were so conclusive of 
the question as to admit of no further discussion. 5 ' [See Webster's 
Works. Vol. III., pp. 352-54.] "Mr. Webster was so much im- 
pressed with Mr. Peyton's ability," continues Judge McCue, " that 
meeting Daniel Sheffey, long one of Virginia's representatives in 
congress, he asked, 

"Do you know Peyton, of Virginia, the author of the resolutions 
passed by your legislature in 1810, on the subject of the federal and 
state judiciary?" 

"Yes," replied Sheffey, "he is the leader of my circuit." 

" I am not surprised to hear it," rejoined Mr. Webster. 

" No," said Sheffey, " he is a sound lawyer, who unites to vigor- 
ous judgment and sterling ability intense study and vast learning." 

"Is he a speaker?" inquired Mr. Webster. 

" Not in the popular sense," said Sheffey ; " he is not a florid 
speaker, indulges in no meretricious display of rhetoric, but tho- 
roughly armed in the strength of his knowledge, research and cul- 
tivated ability, without effort he possesses gigantic power, and by 
it has risen to the head of the profession. And he is not only a 
great, but a good man." 

" It is a misfortune that such a man had not been sent to Wash- 
ington long ago," said Mr. W. ; " he would have maintained Vir- 
ginia's intellectual supremacy and by his sound statesmanship have 
enhanced her influence." 

In 1809—10 Mr. Peyton removed from Fredericksburg to Staun- 
ton, owing to protracted ill health (he had suffered for years with 
chronic dysentery), and to accept the responsible office of Public 
Prosecutor in the Augusta, Albemarle and Rockbridge district. The 
late Jud<^e Archibald Stuart met Mr. Peyton in Richmond in 1809, 
and was so much struck with his energy and ability, that he not 
only tendered this appointment to him, but persistently urged its 
acceptance. For over thirty years Mr. Peyton discharged the duties 
of this office, and one of his biographers, a former member of the 
Virginia bar, says that " his fame as a prosecutor of the pleas of 
the commonwealth has never been surpassed, if equalled, in Vir- 
ginia. On this field he achieved triumphs of the most brilliant 
kind." This writer continues : 

His pride in his profession, and the great principles of right and justice 
underlying it, no less than his inborn contempt for chicanery and fraud, not 
to speak of crime in its grosser forms, combined to make him a " terror to 



16 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

evil doers." Some critics, even among the profession, sometimes were dis- 
posed to censure him as too harsh and unrelenting towards the prisoner at 
the bar. But if every circuit throughout our land possessed at this day so 
able, fearless and conscientious a prosecutor as did the Augusta and the sur- 
rounding circuit at that happier day in our history, perhaps we might find 
less cause to deplore the depravation of the public morals which so painfully 
marks the present era. 

It would he a halting and very defective sketch of this eminent jurist 
which failed to speak of his striking originality. Negatively speaking, 
there was little or no common-place and hum-drum in his forensic argu- 
ments, his debates in the senate, or his addresses from the hustings to his 
constituents. In a positive sense his speeches, at least on great occasions 
and when his powers were thoroughly roused, rarely failed to be marked 
by some flash of genius. I recall a conversation just after the close of a 
protracted and laborious June term of the Augusta Circuit Court, in which 
the late Judge Lucas P. Thompson and Gen. Briscoe G, Baldwin bore the 
leading parts. The last named was paying generous tribute to Peyton's 
force and originality. Judge Thompson remarked in substance that he had 
never seen Mr. Peyton go through a cause deeply interesting and moving 
him in which he did not utter some view or sentiment illuminated by geni- 
us, or, at the least, some illustration marked by a bold originality ; and he 
instanced two causes tried at. the late term — one a civil suit and a verv 
heavy will case, in which he made a novel and scorching application of a 
familiar fable of JEsop. I forbear to give its details, because both the critic 
and his subject have passed from earth. 

In the same cause three signatures were to be identified and proved — 
that of the testator and also of she two attending witnesses — all three hav- 
ing died since their attestation. Many witnesses were called to prove the 
genuineness of the three names. Opposing counsel sought to badger the 
witnesses by urging them to specify what peculiar marks there were in the 
handwriting and signatures, whereby they could speak so positively as to 
their identity and genuineness. This of course, for the most part, they 
could not do, and in the argument of the cause before the jury, the same 
counsel strove to throw discredit and contempt upon those witnesses (all men 
of good character) for their failure and inability so to describe the quality and 
peculiar marks in the calligraphy of the signers as to show they were famil- 
iar with their handwriting. In his reply to these sallies of his opponent, Mr. 
Peyton swept away the whole airy fabric by a single happy illustration. 
" Gentlemen," he said, " you have often been assembled in crowds upon 
some public or festive occasion- Your hats have been thrown pell-mell in 
mass with perhaps a hundred other hats, all having a general resemblance. 
Suppose you had attempted to describe your hat to a friend or servant, so 
that he might go and pick it out for you. It has as many points for accu- 
rate description as a written signature — its color, height of crown, width of 
brim, lining, &c. Do you think that friend or servant could by any possi- 
bility have [ticked out your hat for you? And yet when you went yourself, 
the moment your eye would light upon it you instantly recognize it amongst 
a hundred or five hundred other hats. Familiarity with it has stamped its 
picture on your mind, and the moment you see it the hat Jills and Jits the 
picture on your mind as perfectly as the same hat fits your head." The 
jury were evidently won and gave full credence to the ridiculed witnesses. 

The other instance during the same term (cited by Judge Thompson) 
occurred in the celebrated prosecution of Naaman Roberts for forgery — 
in forging the name of Col. Adam Dickinson to a bond for §G0U. 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Hoice Peyton, 17 

The body of the bond was confessedly the handwriting of the prisoner at 
the bar. That was admitted. The signature was a tolerably successful 
attempt at imitating the peculiar handwriting of Adam Dickinson. But no 
expert could look at the whole paper and fail to see a general resemblance 
between the body of the instrument and the signature, raising a strong con- 
viction in the mind that both proceeded from the same hand. 

The defence strongly insisted upon excluding the body of the instrument 
from the view of the wituess, by covering it with paper, or turning it down, 
and so confining the view to the signature only — upon the familiar doctrine 
of the law of evidence forbidding a comparison of the various handwritings 
of the party, as a ground for an opinion upou the identity or genuineness 
of the disputed writing. And this point was ably and elaborately argued 
by the prisoner's counsel. 

The learned prosecutor met it thus : 

" Gentlemen, this is one entire instrument, not two or more brought into 
comparison. Let me ask each one of you when you meet your friend, or 
when you meet a stranger, in seekii^g to identify him, what do you look at? 
Not his nose, though that is the most prominent feature of the human face 
— mot at his mouth, his chin, his cheek ; no, you look him straight in the 
eye, so aptly called k the window of the soul.' You look him in the eye, 
but at the same time vou see his whole face. Now put a mask on that face, 
leaving only the eyes visible, as the learned counsel would have you mask 
the face of this bond, leaving you to view only the fatal signature. If that 
human face so masked was the face of your bosom friend, could you for a 
moment identify him, even though permitted to look in at those windows of 
his soul? No, he would be as strange to you as this accursed bond has 
ever been strange to that worthy gentleman, Col. Adam Dickinson, but a 
glance at whose face traces the guilt v authorship direct to the prisoner at 
the bar." 

This most striking illustration seemed to thrill the whole audience, as it 
virtually carried the jury. 

Mr. Peyton never was a politician. His taste and predilection lay not 
in that direction. But no man was better informed of the course of pub- 
lic affairs, nor had a keener insight into the character or motives of public 
men. Once, and so far as I knew once only, did he participate in the de- 
bates of a Presidential canvass. It was the memorable one of 1840 ; and 
the speech was delivered from the Albemarle hustings. His analysis of the 
political character of Martin Van Buren, and his delineation of his public 
career from his desertion of De Witt Clinton down to his obsequious ingra- 
tiation with Andrew Jackson, was incisive and masterly, and all the more 
powerful and impressive because pronounced in a judicial rather than a par- 
tisan temper. Competent judges, long familiar with the very able ha- 
rangues and debates on that rostrum, declared it one of the ablest that had 
been listened to by any Albemarle audience. 

Of his services in the Virginia Senate, I need only say, what every one 
would naturally expect, they were most valuable from that enlightened con- 
servatism in the prevention of crude and vicious legislation. In the lust 
session of his first term in the senate a vigorous effort was made for the 
passage of a stay-law rather than an increase of taxation. 

It hardly needs to be said that he opposed the former and sustained the 
latter measure with all the vigor of bis honest and manly nature. Nor could 
he ever have looked with any patience upon that brood of enactments since 



18 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

his day— the stay of executions, homestead exemptions, limitations upon sales 
of property, et id omne genus, professedly passed in the interest of the poor 
and the laboring man. yet in fact more detrimental to that, class than to any 
other, and most damaging to the credit of the state abroad. 

Let me say in conclusion that the person and figure of Mr. Peyton were 
fine and commanding. His carriage was always erect, his head well poised 
on his shoulders, while his ample chest gave token of great vitality. On 
rising to address court or jury, there was something more than commonly 
impressive in his personal presence, and whether clad in " Virginia home- 
spun " or English blue broadcloth with gold buttons (and I have often seen 
him in both), whenever you saw him button his coat across his breast and 
slowly raise his spectacles to rest them on the lofty crown, you might con- 
fidently expect an intellectual treat of no mean order. 

There never was a broader contrast presented in the same person than 
that between Howe Peyton the lawyer, the Public Prosecutor, or even the 
senatorial candidate amongst the people, and the same individual in his own 
home. Here, in the midst of his family, or surrounded by friends all the 
rigor of his manner relaxed, and he was the model of an affectionate hus- 
band and father, and the most genial of companions. He was ''given to 
hospitality," and there was perhaps no mansion in all this favored region 
where it was more generously and elegantly dispensed, through many years, 
than at " Montgomery Hall." 

In the war of 1812—15 he served with distinction as major on 
the staff of Gen. Robert Porterfield, and on his return was chosen 
mayor of the city of Staunton, and served till 1817. 

From the close of the war he gave his entire energies to the pro- 
fession. During this time the distinguishing peculiarities of his 
intellect made themselves more manifest. It w r as observed that 
in all of his investigations his philosophical mind rose above the 
technicalities of the system of common law to the consideration of 
general principles, and he was never more eloquent than when ex- 
patiating upon those principles which lie at the foundation of all 
duty, and are equally applicable to all its forms. 

In 1822 Mr. Peyton married his second wife, Ann Montgomery, 
daughter of Col. John Lewis, of the Sweet Springs, by his wife 
Mary, a daughter of Col. William Preston, of Smithfield. To her 
warm affection, which was displayed in the care of his only son 
and child bv his first marriage, William Madison Peyton, and as 
the companion of his long life and the mother of a rising family, he 
owed for many years that domestic happiness which was the chief 
solace of his life, and from which he allowed no public honors 
wholly to withdraw him. 

In 1836 he was elected state senator for the Augusta and Pock- 
bridge district, and served after a second election till 1845, when he 
resigned the position on account of his declining health. 

He addressed the following letter to his constituents on this 
occasion : 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 19 

Fellow Citizens : — The term for which I was elected your senator is 
drawing to a close, and as it is not my intention to become again a candidate 
for your suffrages, I feel it a duty incumbent on me to apprize you of it 
thus early, that you may have full time to select for yourselves a suitable 
successor. 

In taking leave of the district I tender you my grateful acknowledg- 
ments for the distinguished honor which you conferred upon me four years 
ago by electing me to the station I now occupy. Whilst acting in the dis- 
charge of the duties devolved upon me by this elevated trust, it has been 
my anxious desire to promote your immediate interests and the general 
welfare of my native state. That such is the opinion of my constituents I 
have not had the slightest reason to doubt. Under such circumstances it 
would be both my pride and pleasure to again serve you were it not for 
my peculiar situation. 

I have now arrived at that period of life when the quiet and repose of 
the domestic fireside are much better suited to my taste and more conge- 
nial to my feelings than the arena of politics and the strife of parties. Be- 
sides this I have duties to discharge to a young and growing family incoin- 
patible with a longer continuance in public life. 

I have felt the less difficulty in coming to this conclusion because I know 
that I can do so without injury to the whig cause or whig principles, in the 
success of which the people of my district feel so deep an interest. Their 
intelligence furnishes ample assurance that my place will be filled wisely 
and judiciously ; and that they will call into their service some one fully 
competent to the discharge of all the high duties of the station, and who 
will devote himself to the furtherance of those great principles and sound 
measures of public policy which in the enlightened judgment of my con- 
stituents lie at the basis of all national prosperity. 

Your fellow citizen, 

John H. Peyton. 

The Richmond papers and those of the state generally expressed 
their great regrets at his retirement : the 'Whig'' of Kichmond re- 
marking " that not only the people of his district but of Virginia gen- 
rally would see with profound regret Mr. Peyton's purpose to retire 
from the public councils." ' The abstraction," continued the Whig? 
M of his great abilities, large experience, legal and general know- 
ledge, moderation, firmness and courtesy, from any legislative body, 
would be seriously felt ; and where can there be found a man worthy 
to be his successor ? " Notwithstanding his declining to be a candi- 
date, the people of the district, unwilling to lose his services, in- 
sisted upon his consenting to serve again, and three candidates who 
had announced themselves, learning that if returned he would serve, 
withdrew from the canvas, and Mr. Peyton was elected without op- 
position. During this term he was prostrated by an attack of paraly- 
sis, and resigned his position as soon as he had sufficiently recovered 
from it to understand its serious nature. 

In 1840 he was one of the Board of Visitors to the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point, and wrote the able and instructive 
report of the board for that year. lie had previously served on 



20 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

several boards, and was for over ten vears President of the Court 
of Directors of the Western Virginia Asylum. 

On the first of June, 1844, lie resigned the office of attorney for 
the commonwealth for the county of Augusta, when this order was 
made by the Court : 

Augusta County Court, 
First day of the June Term, 1844. 

John Howe Peyton, Esq., who has acted as Commonwealth's Attorney 
in this County for thirty-two years, having this day resigned said office, the 
justices of the County in full session at their June term, do with unanimous 
consent exDress their high sense of Mr. Peyton's Ions; and valuable ser- 
vices. They add a willing testimony to the distinguished ability, fidelity 
and zeal with which he has guarded the interest of the Commonwealth 
within the limits of the County, to his impartiality, prudence and firmness 
as a Public Prosecutor, and the commendable courtesy which has marked 
his intercourse with the Court, as becoming a public officer and a represen- 
tative of the Commonwealth. 

And it is the order of the Court that this testimonial, as an additional 
tribute of respect, be spread upon the records. 

Immediately after his resignation he was sworn on the commis- 
sion of the peace, but never took part in the proceedings of the court. 
He retired to his estate of Montgomery Hall, Augusta county, Va., 
and died there on the 27th of April, 1847. It may be truly said of 
him that there was no one in his public or private relations who 
was more loved, more honored, or more mourned by those who 
knew him best. 

He left by his first marriage an only child, the late Col. William 
Madison Peyton, of Roanoke, a man eminent for his talents and 
acquirements, who served the state with great advantage to the 
public as delegate in the legislature, as state proxy in the James 
River and Kenawha Company, and in other stations. 

By his second marriage he left two sons and eight daughters, who 
have married into the leading families of Virginia. His elder son 
by his second marriage is Col. John Lewis Peyton, ex-Confederate 
States Commissioner to England,* author of " The American 
Crisis, or pages from the note-booh of a State Agent during the 
Civil War in America ;" ' Over the Alleghanies and across the 
Prairies ," &c. ; and other popular works. 

* The Lite W. Hepworth Dixon, author of " New America," etc., and long editor of the 
Athe?iceum, said of Col. J. Lewis Peyton, that " he was the ablest of the able men sent by 
the South to represent its cause in Europe, and though unrecognized by the British gov- 
ernment, he rendered unofficially signal service to his country." Col. Peyton lingered in 
England many years alter the war, cheered by the respectful consideration and friendly 
esteem extended toward* him by all classes, particularly persons of literature and science, 
and his departure for America was jegretted as a general loss to society. 



1881.] i?ei>. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 21 



THE REV. JOHN ELIOT'S RECORD OF CHURCH MEMBERS, 

ROXBURY, MASS. 

Transcribed by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

A recorde of such as adjoyned themselves vnto the 

fellowship of this Church of Christ at 

Roxboroucrh : as also of such children 

as they had when they joyned, & of 

such as were borne vnto them 

vnder the holy Covenant of 

this Church, who are 

most pperly the 

seede of this 

Church. 

he came in the first m r William Pinchon,* he was chosen an Assistant yearely 

company: lG'iO •, t t i \ • t j ^ j?. 

he was one of the so Jong as he lived among vs : his wife dyed soone after 
first foundation ] ie lauded at N. En?: he brought 4 children to N.E. Anu, 

o* the church *it 

Kocksbrough. Mary, John, Margret. After some years he married 

m ri3 Francis Samford, a grave matron of the church at 
Dorchester. When so many removed fro these parts to Plant Conecicot 
riv r he also w th oth r company went thith r , & planted at a place called Aga- 
warn. & was recomended to the church at Windsor on Conecticott, vntill 
such time as it should please God to pvide j t they might enter into church 
estate among themselves, his daughter Ann: was married to m r Smith, 
soiie to m r Samford by a former husband, he was a Godly, wise young 
man, <£ removed to Agawam w th his parents, his daughter mary was mar- 
ried to m T Hollioke, the sone of m r Hollioke of Linn : m r Pinchons ancient 
freind. 

Afterwards he wrote a Dialogue concerning Justification, w ch was Print- 
ed anno 1650, stiled The meritorious price, a book full of error & weaken*, 
& some heresies w ch the General! Court of y e Massachusetts Condemned to 
be burnt & appointed m r John Norton then Teacher at Ipswich to confute 
y e errors contained therein. 

M r Thomas Welde 

William Dennison, he brought 3 children to N.E. all sous ; Daniel, Ed- 
ward, & George : Daniel married at Newtowne, & was joyned to the church 
there he afterwards removed to the church at Ipswich. [The rest of the 
paragraph has been cut out by some mutilator. See Register, xxxiii. 
238, and note.] 

Thomas Lambe, he came into this land in the yeare 1630 he brought 
his wife & 2 Children Thomas & John : Samuel his 3 d soil was borne about 
the 8 th month of the same yeare 1630 & baptized in the church at Dor- 
chester. Abel his 4 th son was borne about the 6 th month 1633. in Rocks- 
bury. Decline his first daughter was borne in the 2 d month 1637. Benja- 
min his 6' child was borne about the S tu month 1639 of w ch child his wife 
died & the child lived but few hours. 

* See Memoir of William Pynchon, by the late Charles Stearns, of Springfield, 
Mass., Register, xiii. 289-95. 

VOL. XXXV. 3 



22 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [Jan. 

He afterwards married Dorothy Harbitle a godly maide a sister of o v 
church : Caleb his first borne by her, & his 7 th child was borne about the 
midle of the 2 d month 1641. 

Samuell Wakenian. he came to N.E. in the th mouth. 1631. he buryed 
his only child at sea : he was one of the first foundation of the church at 
Rocksbry Elizabeth his first borne here was borne about in the yeare. 

William Parke, he came to N.E. in the 12 th month. 1G30. a single man, & 
was one of the first in the church at Rocksbrough : he afterwards married 
Martha Holgrave, the daughter of Holgrave of Sale, he married the 



month 



Thomas Raw lings, he brought 5 children to this Land. Thomas, inarv. 
Joane. Nathaniell. John, he came w th the first company: 1G30 

Robert Cole, he came w th the first company. 1630. 

John Johnson 

Robert Gamlin senio r . 

Richard Lyman, lie came to N.E. in the 9' month, 1631. he brought 
children : Phillis. Richard Sarah. John, he was an ancient christian, 
but weake, yet after some time of tryal & quickening he joyned to the 
church ; w n the great removall was made to Conecticot he also went. & 
vnderwent much affliction, for goeing toward winter, his catle were lost 
in driving, & some never found agaiue ; & the winter being could & ill 
pvided, lie was sick and melancholly, yet after he had some revivings 
through Gods mercy, and dyed in the yeare 1G10. 

Jehu Bur. 

William Chase, he came w th the first company, 1G30 he brought one child 
his son willia. a child of ill qualitys, & a sore affliction to his parents: he was 
much afflicted bv the Ionic & tedious affliction of his wife ; after his wives 
recovery she bare him a daughter, w ch they named mary borne aboute the 
midle of the 3 d month. 1G37. he did after y* remove intending to Situate, 
but after went w th a company who maide a new plantation at yarmouth 

Richard Bucrbv. 

O a- 

Gregorie Baxter. 

Francis Smith. 

John Perrie. 

John Leavens he arrived at N.E. in the yeare 1632. his wife lay bed- 
rid divers years, after she dyed he maried Rachel write a Godly maide a 
memb r of o r church : John, his first borne, was borne the last of the second 
month ano. 1640. 

M ri9 Margaret Welde the wife of m r Thomas Weld. 

Sarah Lyman, the wife of Richard Lyman. 

Elizabeth Lambe the wife of Thomas Lambe. 

M r Richard Dumer. 

William Talma^e. 

John Carman, became to N.E. in the yeare 1G31. he brought no 
child 1 — : his first borne John was borne the S l of the 5* month 1683. his 
daughter Abigail was borne on the 5 l month ; 1G35. his 3 d child Caleb was 
borne in the first of the first month : 1639. 

Elizabeth Wakeman, the wife of Samuell Wakeman. 



1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 23 

Bur. the wife of Jehu Bur. 

Thomas Woodforde. a man servant, he came to. N.E. in the yeare. 1C32. 
& was jovned to the church about halfe a yeare after, he afterwards marved 
mary Blott. & removed to Conecticott, & jovned to the church at Hartford. 

Marjery Hamond a maide servant, she came to N.E. in the yeare 1G32 
& about halfe a yeare after was jovned to the church : & after some years 
she was married to John Ruggls, of this church : 

Mary Chase, the wife of William Chase, she had a paralitik humor 
w ch fell into her back bone, so y* she could not stir her body, but as she 
was lifted, and filled her w th great torture, & caused her back bone to sioe 
out of jovnt. & bunch out from the begining to the end of w ch infirmity she 
lay 4 years & a halfe, & a great pt of the time a sad spectakle of misery: 
But it pleasd God to raise her againe, & she bore children after it 

John Coggshall 

Mary Coggshall, the wife of John Coffgshall. 

John Watson 

Margret Dennison, the wife of Willia Dennison, It pleased God to 
work vpon her heart & change it in her ancient } T ears, after she came to this 
Land; & joyned to the church in the yeare. iGo2. 

Mary Cole, the wife of Robert Cole. God also wrought vpon her heart 
(as it was hoped after her coming to. N.E. but after her husbands excom- 
munication, & falls she did too much favor his ways, yet not as to incur 
any just blame, she lived an aflicted life, by reason of his vnsetlednesse & 
removing fro place to place. 

William Heath, he came to this Land, in the yeare. 1G32. & soone after 
joyned to the church, he brought 5 children. Mary. Isaak. Mary. Peleg. 
Hanah. 

Mary Heath the wife of Willia, Heath. 

William Curtis he came to this Land in the yeare. 1G32. & soone after 
joyned to the church, he brought 4 children w th him. Thomas. Mary. John. 
Phillip. & his eldest son Willia, came the yeare before, he was a hopefull 
scholler, but God tooke him in the end of the yeare. 1634. 

Sarah Curtis, the wife of Willia Curtis* 

Thomas Offitt. f 

[Isabel] Offitt the wife of Thomas Offitt. 

Isaak Morrell 

[Sarah] Morrel the wife of Isaak Morrel. 

Daniell Brewer 

[Joanna ?] Brewer the wife of Daniell Brewer. 

Griffith Crofts 

[Alice ?] Crofts, the wife of Griffith Crofts. 

Mary Rawlings. the wife of Thomas Rawlings. she lived a godly life, & 

* See Register, xxviii. 14o. 

t He removed with William Pynchon to Springfield in 1635. Hi* name is there written 
Urford. See "Articles of Agreement" (Reg&stjeu, xiii. 29o-97), dated Springfield, May 16, 
1630, to which the names of William Pynchon, Much. Mitchell, Thomas Viford, Henry 
Smith, Jehue Burr, John Cabcl, William Blake and Edmund Wood are appended iu fac- 
simile. Vilurd and Burr made their marks. t. 



24 Rev. John JEJIiofs Record of Church Members. [Jan. 

* went through w** 1 weaknesse of body, & after some years, when her husband 
was removed to sittuate, she dved. about the yeare. 1630. 

Thomas Gouldtkwaight. 

M r Jolin Eliot; he came to. N.E. In the 9' month. 1631. he left his in- 
tended wife in England, to come the next yeare ; he adioyned to the Church 
at Boston, & there exercized in the absens of m r wilson the Pastor of y* 
church, who was gone back to England, for his wife. & family, the next 
Burner m r wilson returned. & by y' time the church at Boston was intended 
to call him to office ; bis freinds w r come & setled at Rocksbrongh, to whom 
he was fore ingaiged, y : if he were not called to office before they came, he 
was to join w :ri them, wherevpon the church at Rocksbrongh called him to 
be Teacher, in the end of y : sumer & soone after he was ordained to y* office 
in the church. Also his wife came along w th the rest of his freinds the 
same time, & soone after theire coming, they were married, viz in the 8* 
month, 1632. Hanali. his first borne daughter, was borne, the 17 day of 
the 7' month ano. 1633. John his first borne son, was borne in the 31 day 
of the 6* month, ano. 1030. Joseph his 2 d sone was borne in the 20 th day 
of the 10 th month, ano: 1838. Samuel his 3 d sone. was borne the 22 d day 
of the 4*. month, ano: 1641. Aaron his 4 r soune was borne the. 19. of the 
12*. ano 1643. Benjamin his 5* sonne was borne the 29 of the 11*. 1046. 

M ris Ann Eliot, the wife of m r John Eliot. 

m r George Alcock, lie came w th the first company ano. 1630. he left his 
only son in England, his wife dyed soone after he came to this land, when 
the people of Rocksbrongh joyned to the church at Dorchester (vntill such 
time as God should give them oportunity to be a church among themselves) 
he was by the church chosen to be a Deakon. esp'c to regard the brethren 
at Rocksbrongh : And after he adjoyned himselfe to this church at Rocks- 
b rough, he was ordained a Deakon of this church : he maide two voy- 
ages to England vpon just calling therevnto ; wherein he had much 
experiens of Gods p r servation & blessing, he brought over his son John 
Alcock. he also brought over a wife by whom he had his 2 d son Samuel 
borne in the year. he lived in a good, & godly sort, & dved in the end 
of the 10 T - Vl month ano. 1640. & left a good savor behind him ; the Pore of 
the church much bewailing his iosse. 

Valentine Prentise. he came to this land in the yeare. 1631. & joyned 
to the church in the yeare 1632. he brought but one child to the Land, 
his son John. & buryed anoth r at sea : he lived a godly life, & went through 
much affliction by bodvlv infirmity. & died leaving a good sav' of godlyness 
behind him. 

Allice Prentise the wife of Valentine Prentise after her husbands death, 
she was married to John watson of this church. 

Abraham Pratt. 

Johannah Pratt, the v.ife of Abraha Pratt. 

m ri * Francis Pinchon the wife of m r willia Pinchon ; she was a widdow, 
a matron of the church at Dorchester. w r in r Pinchon married her. she 
came w th the first company, ano. 1630. 






1881.] Longmeadow Families. 25 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Willard S. Allex, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxiv. p. 359.] 

4th Generation. Caleb Cooley, son of Joseph and Margaret, was mar- 
ried to Ann Clark, Feb. 7, 1745. She died. Caleb was married again, 
Jan. 2, 1752, to Marv Burt, the daughter of Capt. John and Mary Burt, of 
Springfield. Their children— Ann, born Oct. 22, 1752, died Aug. 23, 1831. 
Caleb, born Aug. 6, 1754, died Feb. 11, 1785. Seth, born June 14, 1757, 
died Nov. 2, 1763. John, born Oct. 31, 1761, died Oct. 3. 1827. Henrv, 
born Jan. 27, 1765, lived at Salem, N. Y. Clarinda, b. July 1. 1771, d. May 
2, 1841. Ann was married to Oliver Field, Nov. 4. 1773. Caleb married 
Phelps, of Hadleigh. Clarinda was married to Oliver Blanchard (who 
was born March 23, 1769) March 23,1794. Caleb the father died May 
16, 1793. Oliver Blanchard died Oct. 31, 1808, and his widow Clarinda 
was married Sept 24, 1809, to Dr. Oliver Bliss, son of Aaron and Miriam 
Bliss. John, see p. 104. 

\_Page 100.] 4th Generation. Roger Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna, was married Aug. 4, 1748, to Mary Stebbins. Their children — 
Mary, born May 16, 1749, died Aug. 18, 1758. Jonathan, born Jan. 25, 
1750. Joanna, born April 20, 1753. Persis, born Nov. 10, 1755, died 
Aug. 5, 1758. Hulda, born March 24, 1758. Roger, born Sept. 3. 17 GO. 
Alexander, born Jan. 4, 1763. Festus, born Oct. 4, 1705. Mary, born 
Aug. 30, 1767. Persis, born June 8, 1769. Roger Cooley with his fami- 
ly removed to that part of West Springfield called Paugatuck. 

4th Generation. Creorge Colton Cooley, son of Jonathan and Joanna 
Cooley, was married to Mabel Hancock, daughter of John and Anna Han- 
cock, Jan. 12, 1749. Their children — Mabel, born May 16, 1749, died 
Oct. 27, 1781. Abner, born Ausr. 20, 1751. died Jan. 21. 1752. Abner. 
born Jan. 22, 1753, died March 7, 1776. Dinah and Lucy, born March 22, 
1755. Lucy died Nov. 7, 1756. George, born Oct. 15, 1756. Dinah, 

born Aug. 26, 1759, died July 20, 1760. Submit, born 8, 1761, died 

May 9, 1761. Lucy, born June 9, 1762. Jonathan, born June 10. 1764, 
drowned in the river Feb. 10, 1798. Noah, born Jan. 27, 1766. Eunice, 
born Dec. 15, 1769. Ezekiel, born Nov. 23, 1772. Mabel was- married 
Feb. 13, 1772, to John Burt, of Springfield. Lucy was married to Na- 
thaniel Chapman July 24, 1780. George was married to Penelope Rum- 
rill, June 24, 1779. Jonathan married Stebbins, daughter of Ebene- 

zer Stebbins, of Springfield, and died without issue, being drowned in Con- 
necticut river. George the father died by the small-pox which he had bv 
inoculation, June 6, 1778. Mabel the mother was married a^ain. Nov. 29, 
1797, to Capt. Joseph Ferry, of Springfield, and died Dec. 28, 1806. Eu- 
nice was married to Hanan Colton, son of Gideon and Joanna Colton, 
June 1788. 

\Paye 101.] 4th Generatian. Jabez Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna (page 95), was married to Abigail Hancock, Oct. 19, 1752. Their 
children — Asahel, born April 5, 1753. Reuben, born Sept. 24, 1754. 
Uriel, born Aug. 25, 1756. Dinah, born Aug. 29, 1758. Bathshua, born 
March 11, 1761. Abigail, born Nov. 4, 1762. Reuben, born January 
vol. xxxv. 3*= 



26 Longmeadoic Families. [Jan. 

6, 1765. Bathsheba, born Jan. 23, 1767. Heman, born Nov. 1, 1763. 
Beulafa, born April 3, 1772. Aseoath, born June 21, 1773. Jabez, born 
March 10, 1775. Jabez Cooley the father settled in that part of Spring- 
field called Skipmuck, where his children were born. 

4th Generation. Stephen Cooley, son of Jonathan and Joanna, was 
married to Mary Field, date of their publishment Sept. 26, 1753. Their 
children — Stephen, born Feb. 14, 1754, died Aug. 18, 1754. Stephen, 
born March 27, 1755, died June 9, 1830, age 75. Abigail, born April 19, 
1757, died April 9, 1826. age 67. Joanna, born July 20, 1759. Luther, 
born March 16, 1761. Gideon, born Jan. 31, 1763, died Nov. 21, 1838, 
age 76. Calvin, born Feb. 16, 3 765, died Feb. 19, 1846. Itharaar, 

born , died Feb. 15, 1767. T thamar, born Aug. 10, 1768. Mary, 

born July 18, 1770, died June 24. 1814. Hanan, born July 18, 1773. 
Mary the mother died April 3, 1782. Eunice Jennings died March 5, 1823. 
Stephen the father married again, April 26, 1785. to the widow Eunice 
Jennings, of Ludlow. He died Jan. 7, 1787, age -'>ij, Abigail was married 
to Noah Bliss, Feb. 11, 1784. Joanna was married to Er Taylor, April 
13, 1784. Blary was married to Moses Taylor. The sons, see 106 and 107. 

[Page 102.] 4th Generation. Eliakim Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold, was married Nov. 7, 1734, to Mary Ashley. He settled in "West 
Springfield. Their children — -Elakim. Gideon, born March 15, 1739. Jus- 
tin, born Jan. 25, 1741, died Dec. 12. 1760. Martha, born May 12. 1743. 
Solomon, born June 22, 1745, died Sept. 2, 1746. Keziah, born May 5, 
1750. Solomon, born Jan. 24, 1753. Charles, born Sept. 15, 1755. 
Thankful, born Feb. 17, 1760. 

4th Generation. Josiah Cooley, son of Eliakim and Griswold, was mar- 
ried to Experience Hale, daughter of Thomas and Experience Hale, Jan. 
3, 1739. Their children — Experience, born June 8, 1739, died Jane 18, 
1771. Hannah, born Oct. 1, 1742, died Sept. 23, 1820. Eleanor, born 
July 10, 1745, died Oct. 2\, 1777. Sabinah, born Feb. 26, 1747, died 
Dec. 12, 1823. Josiah, born Nov. 30, 1749, died Feb. 13, 1824. age 74. 
Rebecca, born July 31, 1752, died Jan. 21, 1775. Simeon, born May 18, 
1755, did Nov. 12, 1757. Experience was married to Ebenezer Spencer, 
of Somers, March 27, 1766. Hannah was married to Jonathan Burt, Aug. 
20, 1761. Eleanor was married to Ebenezer Rumrill, Dec. 1, 1767. Sabi- 
na was married to Samuel Keep, June 4, 1767. Josiah the father died 
Sept. 7, 1778, in his 62d year. Experience the mother died Oct. 31, 1798, 
aged 84. The family of Josiah, see page 108. 

4th Generation. Hezekiah Cooley, son of "Eliakim and Griswold, was 
married to Charity Clark, of Lebanon, Conn., date of their publishment 
Jan. 11, 1752. Their children — Charity, born June 15, 1753, died Aug. 
26,1763. Clark, born Sept. 0, 1754, died Nov. 2, 1757. Rubie, born 
Aug. 19, 1757. Charity, born Oct. 6, 1759, died Feb. 3, 1775. Esther, born 
Dec. 19, 1760, died April 9, 1777. Flavia, born Jan. 26, 1763. Heze- 
kiah, born March 11, 1765. Clark, born Oct. 1, 1769. Rubie was mar- 
ried to Robert Pease, of Somers, March 6, 1776. Flavia was married to 
Joseph W. Cooley, April, 1787. Clark was married to Lpvina Billings, 
July 6, 1791. Hezekiah the father died March 27, 1796, aged 76. Cha- 
rity the mother drowned herself in a well, Sept. 23, 1808. 

\Page 103.] 4th Generation. Capt. Luke Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold Cooley, was married Jan. 8, 1739, to Elizabeth Colton, daughter 
of Thomas and Joanna Colton. They settled in Somers, and died in that 
town. Their children — Solomon, born , died Oct. 3, 1741. Lois, born 



1881.] Longmeadow Families, 27 

■ . Eunice, born Nov. 6, 1742. Joanna — Nathan — Elizabeth. Lovice — 



Lucy — Luke— Dinah. Capt. Luke Cooley the father died Jan. 1, 1777. 
Elizabeth the mother died Aug. 8. 1777. Lois was married to Nathaniel 
Sikes, of Monson. Eunice was married to John Billings. Joanna was 
married to Levi Brace. Lovice was married to John Russell. Lucy was 
married to Stephen Jones. Dinah was married to Aaron Howard. 

4th Generation. Israel Coolev, son of Samuel and Man* Coolev, wa9 
married April 9, 1735, to Deborah Leonard. Their children — Joel, born 
July 11, 1735. Deborah, born Aug. 19, 1738, died Sept. 4, 1746. Jonah, 
born Nov. 5, 1741. Israel the father died Dec. 22, 1775. Deborah the 
mother died Jan. 3, 1781. The fanrlies of Jonah and Joel may be seen 
hereafter, page 108. Israel the fatb ,r died 

4th Generation. Samuel Coolev, son of Samuel and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Patience Macranny, date of their publishment June 19, 1741. 
Their children — Samuel, born Aug. 28, 1742. Isaac, born May 30, 1745. 
Samuel the father died April 10, 174G. Patience the mother was married 
again to Thomas Killom, of West Springfield, Aug. 24. 1749. Samuel's 
family, see page 109. Isaac was married to Eunice Bedortha, July 2, 1767. 
They settled in West Springfield. 

[Page 104.] 4th Generation. Eli Cooley, son of John and Mercy 
Cooley, was married Oct. 20, 1757, to Mary Phips. of Cambridge, Mass. 
Their children — Thomas and Elenor, born June 28. 1758. Mercy, born 
Nov. 13, 1760. Elenor, born May 20, 1762, died Dec. 20, 1844/ John, 
born Feb. 18, 1764, died Jan. 29. 1835. Thomas, born July \b, 1767. 
Mary the mother died Aug. 14, 1767. Eli Cooley the father was married 
again May 12, 1774, to Rebecca Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and Joanna 
Bliss. She died without issue, Oct. 3, 1787. Eli Coolev was married again 

1796, to Tolly Cross, of Ellington. He died Jan. 29," 1806, in his 80th 
year. Mercy was married to Richard Wool worth, May 24. 1780. Elenor 
was married to Dennis Crane. He being absent some years, she was mar- 
ried to George Colton, March 9, 1796. The family of John, see pago 109. 

5th Generation. John Cooley, son of Caleb and Mary, was married to 
Sabrea Hitchcock, daughter of Stephen Hitchcock, of Springfield. March 2, 

1797. He died Oct. 3, 1827, age 66. She died Dec. 19,1841, age 71. 
Their children — John, born Dec. 9, 1800. Clarinda, born Jan. 1, 1805, 
married Joseph Evarts, Jan. 1, 1829. Oliver Blanchard, born Oct. 4, 1808. 
Mary Burt, born Oct. 10, 1814. A nameless child, born Oct. 6, 1810. 
Sabra the mother died Dec. 19, 1841, age 71. 

[ Vacant to page 106.] 5th Generation. Stephen Cooley, son of Ste- 
phen and Mary Coolev, was married to Mercy Stebbins, daughter of Ezra 
and Margaret Stebbins, Jan. 28, 1788. Their children — Stephen, born 
March 7, 1789, died June 28, 1826, at Rossville, Ohio. Judah, born April 
9, 1792. Noadiah, born Oct. 5, 1795, went away about 1836. Norman, 
born Jan. 3, 1800, lived in Philadelphia. Mercy the mother died Nov. 4, 
1807. Stephen Cooley died June 9, 1830, age 75. Stephen Cooley was 
married to Margaret Stebbins, widow of Ezra" Stebbins. She died Oct. 15, 
1831, aged 67. 

5th Generation. Gideon Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Dinah Sikes, the daughter of James and Mary Sikes. She wa3 
born Nov. 13, 1765. They were married Nov. 29, 179k He died Nov. 
21, 1838, age 76. She died Jan. 1, 1851, age 86. Electa, born Sept. 9, 
1799, married Joseph Hixon. Quartus, born Sept. 9, 1801, married Abi- 
gail Bliss. Gideon, born Sept. 27, 1801. Mary Ely, born Sept. 7, 1806. 

[To be continued.] 



28 Diary of Paul Dudley. [Jan. 



DIARY OF PAUL DUDLEY, 1740. 

Communicated by B. Jot Jeffries, M.D., of Boston. 

rjpHE following entries by the Hon. Paul Dudley, of Eoxbury, 
JL are from an interleaved almanac for the year 1740, published 
by T. Fleet. A biographical sketch and a portrait of Chief Justice 
Dudley will be found in the Register, vol. x. pp. 338 and 343. 

Jan. — A moderate winter hitherto hardly any snow, very cold weather 
corses in with the full moon and holds many days. 

7. — A good fat Bear killd up n our meeting house hill or near it. 

8. — Capt. Forbes from London nine weeks from Falmouth brings news 
of Warr being declared against Spain not France. 

Measles continue in many Towns. 

10. — A storm, a little snow. 

II. — The Genl Court proroged (The Treasury not supplied) to the 12 th 
of March. Sad news from Annapolis Royall. Coll. Armstrong Lt. Gov. 
fell upon his own sword and killd himself. 

15. — Snow. Small pox at Rode Island. 

19. — Died. Mrs. Norton, Widow of the Rev. Mr Norton of Hingham. 
A very worthy religious person, in the eighty first year of her age. 

A house burnt at Lancaster. A woman and four children lost their lives. 
The husband's name Josiah Wilder. 

20. — Pleasant weather for the winter. 

28. — Died young Mr Hancock of Lexington assistant minister to his 
father, had the character of a very worthy promising youth. Died Mr. 
John Adams see the middle of the Almanack. 

31. — Pleasant day but very cold. Burnings — see the middle of the 
Almanack. 

Feb. 1. — An exceeding cold day, none like it this winter. 

2. — little short of it. 

5. — A very cold Day. It has been a very dry time for three weeks past, 
neither snow nor rain — Smelts come — A dwelling house at Mitfield burnt 
and four persons. Moderate weather. They have had a severe winter in 
England as to Cold and Storms. The like not known in the memory of 
Man. Winter breaking up. Abundance of Damage done in England this 
winter by the Storms and extreme cold. 

Measles prevail in many towns and the throat distemper yet in the 
Land. 

28. — Very warm like April. The wild geese begin to flye to the Nor- 
ward. Garden and other spring birds come. 

29. — A ship from London. Capt. Egleston brings the Kings Speech 
to the Parliament Nov. 1 5 th . 

March 1. — Snow. News from the west Indies that Admiral Yernon 
had taken portabell. 

4. — Died Mr Saltonstall. 

7. — Snow. 

8. — Very cold like winter. Nothing but cold northerly winds keeps the 
spring back. 



1881.] Diary of Paul Dudley. 29 

12. — Genl Court sits. Died, the Rev. Mr Parsons of Salisbury. A te- 
dious Sup. Court at Bostou. It has been a Terrible Winter in England, 
provisions there very dear. Wheat at seven and eight shillings pr. bushel. 
An ordinary dunghil fowl at three shillings. 

22. — Wild geese go to the norward. 

26. — Sup. Court adjourned to the 3 d of June. 

27. — A creneral Fast. 

28. — Genl. Court, dissolved. The Treasury not supplied. Had a quar- 
ter of fine lamb. 

April. — Snow and Winterish Weather the beginning of this month. 

5. — A fine salmon eat at Roxbury. 

7. — Wind Hangs yet to the Norward — Roxbury smelts not gone yet. 

9. — Some swallows seen. The begin g of this month a dwelling house 
burnt at Uxbridge. 4 persons lost their lives. Little done in the gardens 
till the 9th. The Rash pretty brief — aim so the Measles. 

15. — Very warm spring weather — many swallows come, and a great 
flight of wild pigeons — Dry Season — I sowed my Barley — planted Cucum- 
bers and Squashes. 

17. — Orders arrived to declare the Warr in form against Spain, and ac- 
cordingly it was proclaimed with the usual Solemnity at Boston the twen- 
ty first. The packet came from Coll. Spotswood via pensilvania — great 
encouragement and Direction to furnish five thousand men from the Conti- 
nent to subdue the Spaniards at Cuba and in the West Indies. An Ad- 
jutant Genl. expected every day. 

Mav — Tedious Courts at PI v month and Barnstable, a £reat deal of busi- 
ness left undone and continued to the next year. My own health very poor 
— not a single criminal at either Court. Abundance of cold weather puts 
the spring back. The Kings fourth daughter, the Princess Mary married 
to the Prince of Hesse. His Majesty's orders referring to the Expidition 
into the West Indies arrived a few days before the Election. 

Coll. Gorham and Mr W m Brown chose into the Council. Mr. D r dropt 
and two negatived viz. Capt. Little and P. D. 

June. — Died Coll. Spotswood. designed to command the American forces 
in the intended Expidition. A tedious Court at York. Little more than 
half the business finished. Two persons received sentence of Death. An 
Englishman for Murther. an Indian for a Rape on a child of 3 years old. I 
was much indisposed at York and obliged to come home before the Court 
was over. 

Mr. Smith ordained at Marlboroogh this month. Likewise Mr Hill was 
ordained at Marshfield. The orchard worms did but little damage this 
year. Tis tho't because of the Cold and wet spring some frosts coming very 
late. 

The Throat Distemper got to Cambridge. Several died particularly 
Madam Holyoke. 

25 & 2G. — Roxbury New Meeting house raised. 

Towards the latter end of January a dwelling house burnt at Deerfield, 
another at Lunenburgh, a third at Chelmsford, hut no life lost. 

Mr Whitfield is without doubt a very extraordinary man full of zeal to 
promote the Kingdom and Interest of our Lord Jesus and in the conver- 
sion of souls. His preaching seems to be much like that of the old Eng- 
lish Puritans. It was not so much the matter of his sermons as the very 
serious, earnest and affectionate d<eiivery of them and without notes that 
gained him such a multitude of hearers. The main subjects of his preach- 



30 Diary of Paul Dudley. [Jan. 

ing while here were the nature and necessity of Regeneration or Conver- 
sion, and Justification by the Righteousness of Christ as reed by faith alone. 

10. January. — I measured a pearch that came from Worster pond between 
sixteen and seventeen inches long, and ten inches round the middle, he 
weighed nearest a pound and three quarters, two more weighed one pound 
each and about fifteen inches long. I dont remember ever to have seen 
three such large pond pearch together. 

The latter end of January last died at Cambridge and buried from the 
College Hall Mr John Adams. He had been a preacher at Rode Island, 
was a very ingenious Scholar, but for some considerable time before he 
died much distempered in his brain so that his candle went out in a snuff, 
the Character given of him in the newspapers extravagant, not but that he 
was an ingenious preacher, a very good Scholar, and no mean poet. 

Coll. Partridge was a very pious and sincere honest man, one that served 
his generation to a great age by the will of God, discharged the several 
offices of Honor and Trust the Government put him into with great dili- 
gence, prudence, courage and integrity. 

July. — Died the 11 th of this month Gov. Wanton of Rode Island 68 
years of age, about the same time died Gov. Jenks of Providence 8-i, he 
had been Gov of Rode Island formerly. 

The Commencement put by this year by reason of the Throat Distemper 
at Cambridge. The President's Ladv died of it the latter end of June. 

Genl. Court rose the 11 th of this month by prorogation to the twentieth 
of August. Treasury supplied after a fashion. 

16. — News of Capt. Morris a London ship being lost in the Channel, the 
men saved. 

Great plenty of English hay this year, but little fruit. 

2 d day of this month at Hatfield a most terrible storm of Hail beat down 
and wholly destroyed a thousand acres of corn, grass, and flax — damage 
computed at near four thousand pounds. Glass windows broke. 

August. — The King at Hanover. 

Richard "Ward, Esq. (a Seventh day Baptist) chose Gov r of Rode Island. 

Our Quota of the Forces designed for the Spanish West Indies getting 
ready. 

A Muster Master arrives from York to view our forces. 

27. — Commencement. 

Sept. — The weather has been very unseasonable this summer in England 
— provisions very dear — Wheat at eight shillings pr bushel on the sea coast 
where the men of warr took up everything. A fowl sold at three shillings. 
a single onion at a penny Sterl g . 

12. — The Genl. Court prorogued to the of October, and then to the 

19 th of November. 

18. — The famous Mr. Whitfield arrived at Boston, where he continued 
till the 29 th and then went to New Hampshire and York and returned mun- 
day the 6 tb of October, preaching in his Circuit twice every day, admired 
and followed beyond any man that ever was in America. His preaching 
was so thronged that he was obliged to preach in the open air, the meeting 
houses not being large eno to hold the Hearers, especially at Boston where 
tis tho't there were twenty thousand auditors at his last sermon. 

October. — Our forces viz five companies sailed for Virginia. 

Died Thomas Cushing Esq. and Thomas Palmer Esq. for many years of 
his Majesty's Council, and persons of good Character for Piety and Virtue. 
News from of August (the beg.j the King at Hanover. 



1881.] Diary of Paul Dudley. 31 

Mr Whitfield left Boston the 13 th bound to Connecticut Rode Island and 
New York via Northampton. 

23 d . — Capt. Snelling safely arrived from London at last. 
Mr. Winthrop returned. 

A Tuesday Evening Lecture set up at Boston. 

A Tedious long court at Bristol not finished till Muuday ye 3 d of No- 
vember. 

Nov. — The Throat Distemper in many parts of the Province and very 
mortal. News comes of mv Lord Cathcars being saild for the "West In- 
dies with a great fleet of men of warr and transports — See below — Several 
ships get in from England this month. News arrives of the Hurricane in 
the West Indies doing great damage to the Spanish and French fleet. 
13. — A public Thanksgiving and Snow. 

Died Coll. Thaxter of Hingham — had been of the Council for many 
years, a very useful man — 75 years old. 

19. — Genl Court begin their Winter Sessions. I could not attend Sa- 
lem Sup. Court bv reason of great indisposition and cold stormy weather. 
17 — exceeding cold. 18 — stormy snow and very cold. The Court pro- 
rogued to the 21 st a pleasant day. Sup. Court sat by Adjournment. 
18 th and 24 th and so the whole week Fo<r, stormv rain and dark weather. 
Several vessels cast away and Lives lost. Capt. Jones (?) from London. 
L d Kathcar not saild the 20 th of October. News of the King's arrival and 
that Sir Chaloner Ogle was saild for the West Indies with a fleet of men 
of warr. 

Dec. — The dark stormy weather and Rain continued to the 8 th of this 
month, except one day we have not seen the sun for above a fortnight. 
High tides at the Change. Wind out. 

3. — Fasting and Praver with a Sermon in the Council Chamber bv order 
of the Genl Court. Dr. Sewal preached. 

News comes of the Emperours death. Last month four Justices of 
Peace resigned their commissions ra .her than quit their place of Directors 
in the Land Bank. 

13-14 exceeding cold — More vessels cast away and lives lost, arrived 
13 th Mr Tennent from the Jerseys — one of the Methodist preachers, tho 
not so famous as Mr. Whitfield. 

17 — A snow storm in the morning. Coll. Leonard and Capt Watts dis- 
missed from their respective offices for being Directors or signers of the 
Manufactory bills. 21 — very cold from 22-27 extreme cold. Justice 
Blanchard dismissed on the acct of the manufactory bank bills. Treasury 
not yet supplied. 

26. — The two houses can't agree upon a bill. News by the way of New 
York that L d Kathcard was sailed with a great fleet. 

25 th .— Died Coll. Partridge of Hatfield in the 90 th year of his age. 
The news from Persia this year seems incredible, as if Kauli Can the 
Emperor had bro't away from India in his expedition against the Mogul, 
five hundred and fifty millions, five hundred thousand pounds Sterling 
Value, in Gold, Silver and other Treasure — What an amazing proof monu- 
ment must this be of the truth of what the wise man tells us in his Pro- 
verbs, — Riches take to themselves wings and flie away as an eagle towards 
heaven. 23. prov. 5. and of a greater than Solomon Mathew G th 19 v where 
thieves break thro and steal — for oftentimes these warr prizes or Captures 
are little better than Public Robberies. 



32 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. [Jan, 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS FROM THE RECORDS 
OF THE ANCIENT TOWN OF DARTMOUTH, MASS. 

Transcribed for the Register by the late James B. Congdox, Esq., of New Bedford. 

[Concluded from vol. xxxiv. page 406.] 





BIRTHS. 


Mosher, Paul, s. of John and Hannah 


u 


Hannah, d. of " " 


u 


Keziah,' d. of " " 


it 


Sarah d. of " " 


Taber, 


Thomas, s. of Thomas 


u 


Esther, d. of " 


« 


Lydia, d. of " 


Butts, 


Moses, s. of Thomas 




d. of John 


Taber, 


Sarah, d. of Thomas 


it 


Marv. d. of " 


(( 


Joseph, s. of " 


Russel 
a 


I, Joseph, s. of Joseph ) 
John, s. of " j 


a 


William, s. of " 


u 


Mary, d. of " 


(i 


Joshua, s. of " 


it 


Jonathan, s. of Jonathan 


« 


Deborah, d. of " 


a 


Dorothy, d. of " 


Taber, 


John, s. of Thomas 


a 


Jacob. s. of " 


« 


Jonathan, s. of ik 


it 


Bethiah, d. of " 


it 


Philip. s. of " 


u 


Abigail, d. of 



4 mo. 15, 


1740 


10 mo. 21, 


1743 


2 mo. 1. 


17 


4 mo. 10. 


17-51 


Oeto. 22, 


1GG8 


April 17, 


1G71 


Alicr. 8, 




July 30, 


1G73 


Jany 28, 


1G 


March 18, 


1G77 


March 7, 


1679 


November 22, 


1G7 


Nov. 22. 


1G7 


May G. 


1681 


July" 10. 


1G83 


Jany 2G, 


1G8G 


l^ov. 13, 


1679 


Janv 10, 


1G81 


May 2\, 


1G84 


Febv 22, 


1G81 


July 26, 


1683 


Sept. 22, 


1G85 


Sept. 3, 


168 


Feby 7, 


1G89 


May 2, 


1693 



Note. — The twenty-three foregoing names are found upon what I consid- 
er the oldest existing pa^e of Dartmouth records. It is. as many other of 
the loose sheets of these records are, very much dilapidated, and it should be 
borne in mind that whenever an omission is found it is owing to this fact. 
No one need look at the records with any hope of finding any more than 
is here given. 

Jany 28, 1 668 

March 2G, 1G71 

Sept. 28, 1673 

Feby 29, 1C75 

Oct. 27, 1G78 

Feby 23, 1G80 

Julv 18, 1G84 

* April 18, 1689 

Badcock [Babcock] Marv. d. of return Oct. 16, 1683 

Dorothy, ' d. of " Jany 19, 1684 



Taber 


, Mary, 


d. of Philip 


u 


Sarah, 


d. of 


u 


a 


Lydia, 


d. of 


a 


u 


Philip, 


s. of 


u 


it 


Abigail, 


d. of 


a 


it 


Esther, 


d. of 


a 


it 


John, 


s. of 


a 


u 


Bethiah, 


d. of 


it 



a 



1881.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. 33 



Badcoek, Sarah, d. of return Jany 31, 1680 

"Elizabeth, d. of " April 5, 1089 

George, s. of " June 21, 1 092 

Benjamin, s. of " Nov. 12, 1096 

Joseph, s. of " Dec. 29, 1098 

" Return, s. of " Dec. 23. 1700 



a 
i. 
n 
« 



a 



James, s. of " June 22, 1703 

[The 17 next preceding names are from one of the earliest pages of the 
record. All the Babcocks are marked " transcribed."] 

Lapham. Elizabeth, d. of John and Mary July 29, 1701 

" ' John, s. of " " Oct. 2, 1703 

Briggs, Mary, d. of Thomas Augt 9, 1G71 

Susanna, d. of " March 14, 1672 



Deborah, d. of " Oct. 16, 1674 

" Hannah, d. of " Mav 1, 1070 

" John s. of " Oct. 2,1078 

" Thomas, s. of " April 27, 1084 

" Weston, s. of John Nov. 4, 1702 

" Thomas, s. of " Jany. 10, 1704 

Slocumb, Meribah, d. of Eleazer April 28, 1089 

Mary, d. of " Augt. 12, 1691 

" Eleazer, s. of " Jany 2a, 1693-4 

" John, s. of " Jany 20, 1090-7 

" Benjamin, s. of " Dec. 14, 1099 

" Joanna, d. of " July 15, 1702 

Soule, William, s. of William Augt 23, 1092 

" Keziah [see Reg. xxxiv. 198] June 1, 1094 

" George, s. of William Oct. 5, 1695 

" Benjamin, s. of " Mav 14, 1098 

" Mary, d. of " Jany 22, 1698-9 

" Joseph, s. of " Nov. 8, 1701 

" Sarah, d. of " Nov. 8, 1703 

Cummings, Mary, d. of Philip Jany 3, 1086 

" Sarah, d. of " Oct. 15, 1688 

" John, s. of " Mav 14,1091 

James, s. of " Nov. 9, 1093 

" Abigail, d. of " Nov. 20, 1098 

" Elizabeth, d. of " Nov. 22, 1701 

" David, s. of " Sept. 25, 1704 

<; Benjamin, s. of " . . Sept. 6, 1095 

Howland, Edward, s. of Henry Augt 10, 1098 

" Zohuth, s. of " Nov. 2, 1701 

u * * * g> f « April 3> 1703 

Delano, Sarah, d. of Jonathan, Jun. March 18,17** 

Jane, d. of " Dec. 16 



VOL. XXXV, 



34 



Taxes under Andros. 



[Jai 



TAXES UNDER GOV. ANDROS. 

[FROM THE JEFFRIES FAMILY PAPERS.] 

No. IX. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiv. page 382.] 

Town Rate of Topsfield, 1G87. 



The Country Rate of 
Topsfield Towne, Oct. 3* 16S7. 



A "William Averill & four Son, but 3 

B Jn° Broadstreet 

Daniel Borman & 2 Son's 
Tho. Baker & man 
Isaac Burton 
Benj a . Bixby 
Josiah Bridges 

C Daniel Clarke & 3 Sons 
Isaac Cummins & 3 Sons 
John Curtiss 
Thomas Cave & man 
W m Chapman 

D Ephraim Dorman 

Thomas Dorman & Sone 
Michael Duanet & Sone 

E Isaac Esty Sen r & Sone 
Isaac Easty Jun r 
Joseph Easty 
John Easty 

ff John ffrench 

G John Gold & 2 Sonns 
John Gold Jun r 

II Cap* John How & 2 Sons 
John Hovy & Sone 
Samuel Howlet 
W» Hobs 
John Hunkins 
\V m Howlet 

K Philip Knight & Sone 
John Kenney 

L Jonathan Look & man 
Henry Lake 



oa 

c 
o 

1— 1 - 

4 


a; 

o 
r. 

i— 1 


a 

'— ' 

i5 


5 

CJ 

o 

< 

48 


Oxen & 
Cows 


o 

o 


r. 

c 




£ 


s 
14 


d 


1: 1 


4: 6 


30 


1. 







1 


1: 1 


30 


0: 5 


6 


2: 1 





6 




3 


1: 1 


32 


4: 7 


:2 


: 2 





11 





2 


1: 1 


45 


6: 6 ! 


30 


6: 1 





ii ! 





1 


1: 


.3 


: 4 ! 


.3 


4 





3 ! 


o 


1 


1 


.9 


2: 2 





1 





3 ! 





4 


1: 1 


40 


4: 4 


10 




2 





ii 





4 


i: 1 


30 


5: 7 


17 


2 


3 





12 





1 


1 — 


.9 


2: 5 


6 


3 


1 





06 





2 


1— 


.4 


: 7 


•7 




1 





6 




1 


— 


— 


: 1 


.2 


— 





2 


- 


1 


1: 1 


24 


3: 6 


13 


6: 1 


^__ 


8 




2 


1: 


30 


4 : 5 


12 


3: 1 


_ 


8 




2 


1— 


14 


2: 3 


4 


: I 




6 




2 


1: 1 


35 


2: 4 


6 


: 1 


1 II - 


7 


_ 


1 


1: 


7 


2: 2 





• * 





o 
'J 




1 







2: 1 









3 




1 





6 


2: 1 





0: 1 


— 


3 




1 


1- 


15 


2: 2 


.0 


4: 1 


— 


4 




3 


1 


60 


6: 3 


10 


2: 3 


MM 


9 




1 

3 






3 




: l 




o 


1 


1 




10 


2: 4 




1: 2 




8 




2 


1 




32 


3: 7 


20 


4: 2 


— 


9 




1 


1 




16 


2 : 4 


— 


4: 1 





5 




1 


1 




5 


: 4 


2 


: 1 


— 


3 




1 


1 




18 


2: 4 


8 


2: 1 





6 








35 











1 




2 


1: 


13 


4: 4 


4 


2: 1 




< 




1 


1: 


24 


2: 5 


6 


— 


— 


5 




2 


1: 


25 


2: 4 


3 


5: 2 


_ __. 


7 




1 


1: 




3 


2 


— 


1 


: 1 


— 


2 


] 



10 






175 



1881.] 



Taxes under Andros. 



35 



(Signed) 

Selectmen 
of Topsfield 



18 



Ephraim Dorman J° hn ? 0W 

James Hewlett £t aac Es g y 

i nomas Dorman 



Brought over. 


















<~ 




as 




K-3 


<% 




o2 








*2 


bo 

3 


o 


H OS 






s 


d 


M 


M 
] 


o 

M 


16 


x O 
CO 


:3 




3 




N William Nichols 


i 1: 


: 3 


3: 1 


2 


John Nicholls & 2 Sons 


r 


1 1: 


.8 


4: 5 


:4 


0: 2 


9 


3 





















P ffrancis Peobody 2 Sons & a 


















Servant 


4 


: 1: 


62 


6: 8 


26 


5: 3 


18 


4 


W m Perkins 


1 


: 1: 


IS 


2: 6 


6 


1: 1 


6 


4 


Tobias Perkins 


1 


: 1: 


14 


2: 6 


10 


1: 1 


i 


9 


Timothy Perkins Sen r 


1 


: 1: 


21 


2: 3 


— 


: 1 


4 


4 


Thomas Perkins 


1 


: 1: 


20 


2: 4 


10 


: 1 


5 


— 


John Pritchet 


I 


1 


14 


: 4 


•8 


2: 1 


5 


— 


Jacob Pebody 


1 


1: 


3 


2 : 2 


•3 


1: 1 


3 


11 


Elisha Perkins 


1 


1: 


12 


1: 3 


•8 


: 1 


4 


4 


Zacheus Perkins 


1 


1 : 


11 


4: 2 


•0 


1: 1 


4 


6 


Timothy Perkins Jun r 
Q 


I; 


1: 


13 


2: 2 


•6 


3: 2 


4 


4 


R John Redington 


1 : 


1: 


30 


4: 6 


13 


3: 2 


S 


10 


John Robinson & Sone 


2 : 


1: 


13 


2: 6 





2 : 2 


7 





Daniell Redington 


1: 


1: 


18 


4: 4 


10 


3: 1 


6 


7 


S W™ Smith & Sone 




1 


.2 


2: 2 


.0 


3: 1 


5 


7 


Sam Standlv 


] 


1: 


.5 




2 


• 9 

• — 


3: 1 


3 


— 


^,Y m Smith Jun' 


1 


1: 


.0 




2 





0: 1 


2 


8 


John Standly 


1 


1 


11 


2. 


3 


8 


4: 1 


4 


6 


John Smith 


1 











2 





1 


9 


Joseph Smith 


1 












1 


8 


* Jacob Towne, Sen 1 " 


1 


1 


18 


2: 4 


3 


0: 1 


5 


_ 


Joseph Towne & man Sen r 


2 


1 


26 


4: 7 


10 




> - 


9 


7 


Jacob Towne Jun r 


1 


1 


.4 


0: 2 







: 1 


3 


3 


Joseph Towne Jun r 


1 


1— 


3 


2: 1 







1 


3 


5 


Thomas Towne 


1 


— 


4 


2: 1 







1 


o 


8 


Wn> Towne 


1 


1 


25 


4: 5 


11 


3 j 


3 


12 


6 


John Towne 


1 





— 


2: 2 





1: 


1 


4 


2 


W John Wiles & Sone 


2 


1 


26 


2: 4 


5 


5: 2 


S 


WMW 


James Waters a poor man 


















Lives by Alines 






~~" 




r 




£ 1 


s 


d 






08 


6 


10 


Brought from the other Syde 
















10 


3 


3 



01 



(Indorsed) 



Topsfield Rate 



36 



Taxes under Andros. 



[J 



an. 



TOWN RATE OF TOPSF1ELD, 1GS3. 

TOPSFIELD. 



head lious land 



hors Cow shep svrin jwg 
heads Estate £ 



nete Catle 



d 



William Averil 
M" John Brodstrete 
L Thomas Baker 

Daniell Borman 

Beniamin Bixbee 

Isak Burtun 
D Isack Comins 

John Commins 

Darnell Clark 

John Curtius 

Thomas Cave 

Thomas Dorraan 
L Ephraim Dorman 

Mikell Dourill 
S lsaek Estie sen 

Isack Estie iun 

Jo sip h Estie 

John Estie 
C John tfrench 
E John Gould 
S. John Gould 
Cop John How 
8 John Ilouey 
S Samuell Houlit 

Wiliam Houlit 

"Wiliam Hobs 

John Hunkins 

John Kenny 

Philip Knight 

Hcncry Eake 

Jonathan Looke 

Wiliam Nikales 

John Nikales 
L ffransis Pebody 

Jacob Pebody 
M r Wiliam Pirkins 
M' Tobyiah Pirkins 

John Pirkins 

Timothy Pirkins 

John Prichit 

Thomas Pirkins 

Zaceus Pirkins 

Elisha Pirkins 
S John Iledin^ton 

John Robinson 
C Daniell ILedinsrton 
Cla (?) Wiliam Smith 
C Samuell Standly 

John Standly 

Widow Standly 

Wiliam Smith 

John Smith 

Josiph Smith 
E Jacob Toune 

John Toune 

Wiliam Toune 



o 

1 
2 

3 

1 
1 

3 

1 
4 

1 

2 

3 
1 
2 

2 

1 

1 

1 

2 

4 

I 
o 

2 
1 

00 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 
3 
4 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
2 
2 
1 
2 
2 
1 

00 
I 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 






SI 
62 
77 

100 
17 
3- 5 
89 
00 
47 
48 
38 
75 
54 
15 
42 
22 
18 
19 
40 
63 
70 
36 
78 
49 
06 
47 
71 
41 
50 
10 
50 
20 
72 

109 
30 
50 
62 
40 
37 
4t 
41 
23 
33 
73 
51 
60 
24 
19 
00 
29 
11 
00 
05 
41 
29 
68 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



15 

06 
09 
13 
03 
04 
12 
01 
10 
05 
0'] 

11 

06 
01 
06 
03 
03 
03 
06 
11 
07 
06 
09 
05 
00 
05 
07 
05 
07 
02 
07 
01 
11 
15 
04 
05 
06 
05 
04 
05 
06 
03 
04 
09 
07 
06 
05 
04 
01 
02 
02 
01 
02 
05 
04 
07 



01 

10 

09 

04 

01 

07 

5 

00 

07 

OS 

06 

03 

02 

07 

10 

06 

02 

03 

OS 

U 

06 

04 

10 

09 

06 

07 

07 

01 

06 

0* 

06 

04 

09 

09 

02 

10 

10 

00 

09 

04 

09 

07 

05 

05 

07 

OS 

04 

11 

OS 

05 

07 

03 

01 

01 

01 

04 



1881.] 



Lt. John Bryant, of Plymouth. 

heads Estate £ 



37 



Joseph Toune 
Joseph Toune 
Jacob Tonne 
John Wild 
James Watered 
Timothy Firkins 
Thomas Toune 
Marke How 




31 
67 

9S 

dat ye 19 th of Sep* iGSS 
(Signed) Tobiah Perkins Commishenr 



total! 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 

To" 



07 
03 
02 
08 
01 
05 
03 
02 



04 



(signed) 



(Indorsed) Return for v e town 

Topsfield £19 4 3 
10b3 



Samuel Howlett Clark 
to y e Selectmen of 
Topsrield 



03 
04 
11 
00 
OS 
00 
05 
01 



l; 



LT. JOHN BRYANT, OF PLYMOUTH. 

Communicated by William B. Lapham, M.D., Augusta, Me. 

N Vol. twenty-four of the Register, Mr. J. A. Boutelle "fare some ac- 
count of Stephen Bryant, of Duxburv and Plymouth, who married 
Abigail, daughter of John Shaw, and of his descendants. He states that 
their oldest daughter Abigail married Lt. John Bryant, of Plymouth, Nov* 
23, 1GG5. The Plymouth Colony Records make the oldest child of Ste- 
phen Bryant a son, and do not record the birth of an Abigail. Sayage 
conjectures that she may have been the daughter of Stephen, and probably 
she was, but I haye failed to find positiye evidence that such was the case. 
Perhaps Mr. Boutelle may haye evidence not given in his article.* Who 
was Lt. John Bryant ? In a note in the Plvmpton town records made by a 
former town clerk (Bradford), it is stated he was the son of John Bryant 
and Mary Lewis his wife, of Scituate, but this is improbable, for Dearie 
makes John Bryant, Jr., a resident of Scituate, and gives the names and dates 
of birth of his children, which are different from those of Lt. John as record- 
ed on the records of Plvmpton. Some of the names are the same, which 
would indicate that the families may have been related, but there is differ- 
ence enough to prove that they could not have been the same. I have made 
considerable effort to find out who this Lt. John Bryant was, but without 
results. 

The children of Lt. John and Abigail Bryant, as recorded on the Plvmp- 
ton records, are as follows : 

* Mr. Boutelle writes us that, owin:: to a recent removal, he cannot conveniently refer to 
all his memoranda, but he sends us the following item^ to prove that John Bryant was a 
son-in-law of Stephen Bryant: "Edward Gray -for vsing revileing speeches to John Bry- 
ant the son in law to Seuen [Stephen] Bryant of Plymouth on the Lords day as soone as 
they came out of the meeting was lined 10.00 " [probably 10 shillings].— Plymouth Colony- 
Court Orders, June 3, IOCS. "John Bryant son in Law to Stephen Bryant for vsing re- 
vileing speeches to Edward Gray was fined ten shillings to the vse of the Colonic" — Ed*. 
VOL. XXXV. 4* 



38 






i. 


% 


ii. 




iii. 




1. iv. 




v. 




vi. 




vii. 



Lt. Joint Bryant, of Plymouth. [Jan. 

.Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1G66. 
Hannah, b. Dee. 2, 1668. 
Bethiah, b. July 25. 1670. 

Samuel, b. Feb. 3. 1073 ; m. Joanna . 

Jonathan, b. March 23. 1877. 
Abigail, b. Dee. 30. 1682. 
Benjamin, b. Dec. 16, 16^3. 

Abigail, wife of John Bryant, died May 12, 1715. 

1. Samuel Bryant 3 {John 1 ) married Joanna . Children : 

2. i. Samuel, b. May 14, 1699; m. Tabkha Ford. 

ii. Joanna, b. March 1, 170a ; m. Thomas Sampson, of Plymnton, Nov. 

16, 1730. 

iii. Abigail, b. July 5, 1703. 

iv. Elizabeth. 

v. Lydia, b. March 16. 1703. 

vi. Sylvanus, b. April 8, 1710. 

3. vii. Nathaniel, b. 1712. 

The four eldest were born in Plymouth, and the others in Plympton after 
it was incorporated from Plymouth. 

Samuel Bryant, the father, died in Plympton, March 3, 1750, aged 76 ; 
he was many years deacon of the church in that town. 

2. Samuel Bryant 3 (Samuel, 9 John 1 ) married Tabitha Ford, and was 
also deacon of the church in Plympton. Children : 

i. Susannah, b. Jan. 19. 1723-4 ; m. Asa Cook. 

ii. Lois, b. June 9, 1725 ; m. Barnabas Briggs, of Halifax. 

iii. Abigail, b. March 13, 1727-S. 

iv. Sylvanus, b. March 20, 1729-30 ; m. Sarah Sears. 

v. Tabitha, b. April 14. 1732; m. William Bennett. 

4. vi. Joseph, b. June 3. 1734 ; m. Zilpha Sampson, 
vii. Samuel, b. Nov. 18, 1736. 

viii. Joanna, b. July 12. 1739 ; m. Solomon Doten. 
ix. Lydia, b. May 12, 1741 ; m. Consider Fuller, Feb. 21, 1759. 
x. Joshua, b. Feb. 16, 1744-5. He had 3 wives, the last of whom was 
Dorcas Howard, and 14 children. 

5. xi. Solomon, b. Jan. 4. 1740 ; m. Elizabeth Curtis, of Hanover. 

Samuel the father died Mav 21, 1774, and Tabitha his wife died Ausr. 
25, 1773. in her 75th year. 

7 * a/ 

3. Nathaniel Bryant 3 (Samuel, 2 John 1 ) married Zerviah Curtis, of 
Pembroke. He was deacon of the church of Plympton. lie died Dec. 
6, 1793, and his wife Zerviah died April 21, 1790, aged 83 years. Children : 

i. Benjamin, b. Dee. 25. 1734 ; d. May 2, 1821. 

6. ii. Nathaniel, b. June 21, 1737; m. Joanna Cole, Feb. 21, 1759. 

iii. Zerviah, b. July 21. 1739; in. Ephraim Holmes, Jr. ; they were the 
grandparents of Dr. Ezekiel Holmes, for many years the able editor 
of the Maine Farmer. 

iv. Joshua, b. July 26, 1741 ; d. Sept. 22, 1743. 

v. Elizabeth, b. May 31, 1744 ; d. Sept. 15, 1747. 

vi. Ezekiel, b. June 6, 1746. 

A. Joseph Bryant 4 (Samuel, 3 Samuel, 2 John 1 ) married Zilpha Samp- 
son, lie moved to Middleboro', where he lived many years, and where his 
wife died. He then returned to Plympton and died there. Children : 

i. Joseph, d. May 13, 17.59. 

ii. William. 

iii. Rizpah. 

iv. Tabitha. 

v. Ruth, in. \Yilliam Shaw, 2nd, of Middleboro'. 



1881.] t Quincy Family Letters. 39 

vi. Silence, m. Prince Churchill ; d. Nov. 3, 1S01, aired 83 yrs. 
vii. Paul, d. in the U. S. Army, Nov. 4, 1791, a^ed 21| years. 
viii. Lois. 

ix. Jane, m. Eleazer Dunham, of Carver, Mass., afterwards of Paris, 
Maine. 

5. Solomon Bryant 4 (Samuel, 3 Samuel? John 1 ) married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Rarnsdall or Randall) Curtis, of Han- 
over, Mass., who vr;is born Mav 18, 1750. lie moved to Gray, Me., and 
subsequently to Paris, being one of the early settlers. He died in 1827. 
Children : 

i. Elizabeth, ra. Isaac Cummings. 

ii. Betsey, m. first. Peter Brooks; m. second, Jonathan Fickett. 

iii. Christopher, b. March 26, 1774 ; m. Susannah Swan. 

iv. Solomon, b. Oct. 30, 1776 ; m. Sally Swan. 

v. Ltdia, b. March 30. 177S ; m. Luther Briggs. 

vi. Samuel, b. May 9. 17S0 ; m. Lucy Briggs. 

vii. Lusannah. b. May 30. 1785 ; m. Levi Berry, of Paris, Me., son of 
George and Joanna (Doane) Berry, born in Falmouth, Me., April 
25, 1777. He died at Smyrna, Me., Feb. 6. 1854, and his wife 
Lusannah died in the same town, Oct. IS, 1849. (Grandparents of 
the writer hereof.) 

viii. Abigail, m. Melvin Pool. 

ix. Joannah, b. Sept. 27. 1701 ; d. 1S74, unra. 

x. Martha, b. June 2, 1794; m. Thomas Winsbip. 

C. Nathaniel Bryant. Jr. 4 (Xathaniel? Samuel. 2 John 1 ) married Joan- 
na Cole. She was the daughter of Ebenezer and Ruth (Churchill) Cole, 
the latter being the daughter of William and Ruth Churchill, the latter born 
Sept. 14, 1716. 



QUINCY FAMILY LETTERS. 

Communicated by Hcebard TV. Bryant, Esq., of Portland, Me. 

f]piTE following letters were written by Edmund Quincy, of 
JL Boston, merchant and author. Pie was the fourth Edmund in 
direct succession, and son of the eminent jurist. lie was born 1703, 
and died Julv 4, 1788 (see IiEGISTER, xi. 72). He was srraduat- 
ed at Harvard College in 1722, and was the author of a treatise on 
Hemp Husbandry, published in 17G5. His daughter Esther was 
married to the attorney general of Massachusetts, Jonathan Sewell. 
Another daughter, 'Dorothy Q.," married Gov. John Hancock. 

Medfield Oct 10 1777. 
Dear d r Katy 

I have wrote your sister G. several times from Boston & this place via 
Worcester & Boston. & this day in particular to congratulate her especially 
upon ye signal advice arrived here yesterday from the No ward — assuring 
us, that, agreeable to ye last accot of our having routed ye Enemy out of 
their intrenchments, at Saratoga, & causing them to retreat six miles No 
wd towards Ty — & that upon their retreat Gen 1 Gaits had despatched sev 1 
large bodies to cut off their retreat, the same was effected & their Craft 
prepared to wait them over hudson's river being destroyed ; Burgoiue 



40 Quincy Family Letters. [Jan. 

found himself under a necessity of surrendering at discretion, their pro- 
visions almost spent, &c. I advis'd particularly, that but 30 men were 
kill'd & abt. 200 wounded & no Captain nor other superiour officer killed 
on our side w h gave me srreat satisfaction, as thereby I was convinced 
that your good Bro T Greenleaf was safe, before ye retreat — and I hope is 
now — as it is not probable he was much expos'd after that If ye acc° of 
surrender be genuine. Ye event is remarkable & calls on ye whole Conti- 
nent to express their hearty return of gratitude to Him, who is ye Great 
Superintendant of human affairs ot who in a peculiar manner has hitherto 
manifested a wonderful series of kind dispensations of his providential care 
of the people of this young Country, who, as all Europe will own have been 
most unjustly treated by the people of Britain, for some years & especially 
for more than 3 years past. 

Should a kind providence afford similar success to ye Sothern troops 
& Howe obliged to retreat w th a mutilated army on board his ships We mav 
reasonably hope that this year (agreeable to Dr. Franklin's expectation 
manifested in a Letter of abt April last) will be ye last of ye American 
Contest. This we may hope, but with a Spirit of due Submission to the 
Supreme Governour of the Universe ; who may if He sees fit for ye fur- 
ther punishment of the King & people of G. B. and No. America permit 
such a distraction to seize them as to consent to Carry on ye "War tho. to 
their own ruin as well as to the still further annoyance & prejudice of No 
America, however possibly an European War may put an issue to our 
Fears ! 

You may encourage yoself in an expectat n of having y r Bro Hancock's 
Company the ensuing Winter, in Case of both Burgoine & Howe's defeat 
for I suppose ye Congs. will adjourn over ye Winter — and leave Genl W. 
with a respectable army in Phila. & Genl. Gaits in Albany in w ch places 
they may remain very comfortable thro, ye Winter. 

I have been here 5 or C days cc wait for yr Bros Chaise being repaired 
to return to L in, no one to be had that I can hear of in ye town. I 
dont care to ride a bad horse & saddle nor have any bags — v ca detains 
me here Contrary to expectation. I want greatly to be w th your sister, but 
hope if ye surrender of B's army be true yr B r G. may be w lh you soon — 
your Bro & sister Q. send love &c. 

1 hope M Wheelock has proved as helpful to your s r G. &c as promised. 
Priseilla not suiting Mrs. Bridge — B has brot. hither, & luckily your S r Q. 
wanted her much — I hope this will meet you & yr sister w^ the children 
all well, to whom rnv kind love — & accept ve same from Dear Child 

Your affect Father & Friend 

Ed. Quincy. 

No Woollen for a gown, one side only ; Some Tow Clo. for Eunice. I 
hope to send Mrs Bigelow from hence. 

To Miss K. Quincy. 

P. S. y r S r II. I suppose retd last Saturday from B. Yr uncle Q I pre- 
sume was not a little pleased with such a kind of visitor, after having been 
among ye doubting Christians &c I hope by next post or express from 
Phila. your sister may receive advice greatly in favor of Genls Troops. For 
as G. ye 3 d of Gt. B: — has thro, his wretched Ministers ordered that the 
troops under Howe Shd. at all hazards enter ye City of P: and those under 
Burgoine should get into possession of Albany as we are told and is very 
probable, upon ye disappointment of last year I Cant but be devoutly de- 



1881.] Quincy Family Letters. 41 

sirous, that at all hazards, so infernal a Resolution and order may be, by ye 
ordinance of ye King of Kings frustrated to all intents and purposes, and you 
well know for 3 years or more, I have manifested myself nearly certain, 
that if the B: Administration — should finally resolve to pursue — their un- 
warrantable scheme (by advice of wicked Governors, Ltenant Governors, 
Commissioners Judges & other interested ambitious, haughty & ignorant 
men, who conceited themselves wiser than other mortals, as well as more 
worthy) of subjugating 3 or 4 millions of Americans to their absolute and 
uncontroulable Governmt. their Projection would prove as abortive, as it 
was unjustifiable, tho sanctified by a solemn previous act of parliamt. In a 
word, 1 had then little and have now much less doubt of ve fatal issue to Brit- 
ain & ye Contrary, with respect to No. America ; I wish heartily the Former 
may repent of, & survive their unspeakable Folly ; the Latter, I doubt not 
will not only be supported under and carried thro : their uncommon trial, but 
will be made to grow and Flourish pbaps vastly beyond any degree wch. ye 
proud & persecuting country hath ever attained to : But then, (melan- 
choly thought !) probably this flourishing country, in idea may in a compar- 
ative small no. of years be reduced to a similar condition, wth every 
preceeding grand Republic or Empire, wch growing rotten at heart like 
an Antient Oak, have crumbled mm pieces & have been for ages past to be 
found no more, but in the historic page. This is the State of mortals ! ! 
Its well said ,; Pride is not made im man !" May we be thoroughly weaned 
from this & similar considerations. 



Medfield Aug 10 th 1778. 
Dear d r Hancock 

I am just informed (how truly I know not) that Mr Hancock was gone 
with a Certain Corps, on ye present expedition agt the enemy at Newport. 

If on his march, pray God to favor him wth health equal to his patriotic 
zeal & these troubled States all that success wch he may see best & further 
it is my devoutest wish, that ye public tranquillity may be restored, thro. 
the present combined force of France & No. America agt. their British 
enemies. For I doubt not ve Issue of this Campaign (in w ch ye scene is 
so much changd) will be ye absolute destruction of ye B. minist 1 scheme 
agt America : except what relates it© ye Noward wch I presume will con- 
sequentially fall off, upon ye confirmed success of these more S°thern Unit- 
ed States. 

If peace be obtained I should give it as my earnest advice, that M r Han- 
cock would content himself in improving to ye utmost the degree of health 
& strength wch he may enjoy, w^Ms political faculties and influence to set- 
tle and quiet ye expected murmurs & complaints w ch naturally succeed to 
the close of every Civil War, especially where liberty will be so extensive 
as among these emancipated Colonies now free &; independent States : 
Pater Patriae or Father of his Countjy has been and always must be esteemed 
ye most illustrious Title which any modern or antient Hero, or Lover of 
his Country, has ever heretofore sustained or may expect, and as Provi- 
dence has seen fit, thus far to indulge our generous friend w'^ ye exalted 
Character. He seems also to point out to him ye path which he has yet 
to tread in order to its Completion: may it be that "of the just w ch shineth 
more & more unto y e perfect day." 

We hear y e Combined Fleet & army have begun their attack I pity ye 
innocent inhabitants of ye Island: & believe a surrender will soon take 



42 Early Records of Gorgeana. [Jan. 

place — I wish you the happy sight of Mr Hancock & hope may be this 
week with the agreeable advice of almost a bloodless surrender : in well 
case communicate ye most sincere & hearty congratulations from 

my dear child, 
Your most affectionate Father 

Edm: Quixcy. 

Pray kiss my little Wasldncfton for me. I hope he may enjoy the fruits 
of his parents' patriotism. 

Yr Br & sisters with family well & send love &c. Yr B T & S r Q from 
Providence lately left Mr. Green's youngest sou near death & Mr Hill just 
expired of ye dysentery. 

I hope youv'e Eunice w th you as y r sister tells me you designed with con- 
sent of Mr II. , 

To Mrs Dorothy Hancock 
iu Boston. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE EARLY RECORDS OF GORGEANA; 
THE FIRST INCORPORATED CITY IN AMERICA. 

Communicated by Samuel L. Boardmax, Esq., of Augusta, Me. 

WHERE as the Inhabitance of Pascataquacke Georgeana & Wells in 
the p'vince of Mayne, have here begune to p'pagate and populat thes 
parts of the Cuntery, did Formerly by power derivative from S r Firdinando 
Gorges exersise the regulating of the arravre's of the Cunterv as nv as we 
could according to the Lawes of Emjlaud & such other ordinances as was 
thought meet & requiset for the better regulating thereof: Now for as much 
as S r Firdinando Gorges is dead, the Cunterv by ther frenerall letter sent to 
his Heyre in June 1GI7 & (48' but by the sad distractions in England noe 
return is yet come to hand : and command from the Parlament not to meddell 
in soe much as was granted to m r Rigby. most of the Com" being dep ud the 
p'vince, the Inhabitance are for p r sent in some distraction about the regu- 
lating of the affayres of these p tes for the better ordering wher of tell Fur- 
der order power and Authorryty shall come out of England : The Inhabi- 
tants w th one Free and unius Animus Consent doe bynd themselves in a 
boddy pollitick and Combination to see the's partes of the Cuntery and 
p'vince regulated according to such lawes as form r ly have bine exersised 
and such other as may be thought meet not repugnant to the Fundamentall 
lawes of our Nation & Cuntery : and to make choyse of such Governer or 
Governors and majestrats as by most voysses they shall thinck meet. 

Dated in Gorgeana: alias Accom 9 . the daye of July 1GI9. The 

priviledg of Accom. Charter excepted : 

At a Generall Courte houlden at Gorgeana alls Accom u the ICth of Oct r 
1C49, before the right worp 11 Edward Godfrey Dep: gov' m r Nicholas 
Shapleigh, m r Abraham Preble, Edward Rushworth assistants : and 
Basill Parker : Re : Cor : 

Robert Mendam p r sented for giveing publicke entertainment and draw- 
ing wine and beare contrary to a Generall Court order and a towne order : 
Robert Mendam p r sented for letinga company of Fishermen to be drunke 



1881.] Early Records of Gorgeana. 43 

in his house aboute a fortnight agoe : and also a m r of a voyage so drunke 
that liee could hardly goe or speaker 

For the's 2 p r sentments the Courte sensereth him X£ upon his peticion 
the Courte abated him 40s of his fine. 

The wife of Stephen Flanders pr sented for abuseing her husband and 
her neighbours, the Constable to have a warant to bring her to the next 
court. 

Mrs Hilton p T sented for fighting and abuseing bur neighbours w th bur 
tonge : for this she was admonished bye the Court. 

m r William Hilton p r sented for a breach of the Sabbath in carrying of 
woode hee himselfe and others fourth of the woods : this to be travest : 

m r William Hilton p r sented for not keeping vittuall and drink at all 
times for strangers and inhabitants : admonished by the court and farther 
to be delt w Ul if comp 1 

The names of the grand Jury 

1. mr Hatewill Nutter 8. m r Anthony Emiry 

2. mr Thomas Withers 9. m r Richar. Bauckes 
o. mr. John Alcocke 10. m r Arthur Bragdon 

4. m r Francis Raynes 11. m r John Taire 

5. m r John Hurd 12. m r Sampson Auger 

6. m r Nicholas Frost 13. m r Thomas Curtis 

7. m r John Twisden Senio r 

Mr Nicholas Shapleigh chosen Treasurer for this yeare next ensueing, 
and to have full power and authority to demand and reseave all fines and 
Impuste of wine and licors and for any p'son or p'sohs that shall draw wine 
by retaile to paye for ever but or pipe 20s. and for any smaller caske rata- 
bly : and for any Licors iiid. p. gall : and for all Imposte layd upon Wine 
& licor from henceforward to be payd unto the Tresurrer q r terly : and in 
case any p son or p sons shall deny to make satisfaction the Tresurer shall by 
vertu of his warrant compell them them ther unto : and the sayd Tresurer 
to give in an Acco' at everie generaL court if hee bee called ther unto. 

It is ordered this court and power ther of: That all gode people w th in 
the Jurisdickton of this p'vince who are out of a Curchway and be ortho- 
dox in Judgment and not scandalous in life, shall have full liberty to gather 
them-selves in to a Church estate, p'vided they doe it in a Christian way : 
with the due observation of the rules of Christ revealed in his words : and 
every church hath Free liberty of election and ordination of all her officers 
from tyine to tyme p'vided they be able, pious and orthodox: 

It is ordered this that who soever directly or indirectly shall raise any 

W V " 

faction or disturbance to the weakening of the authority of this Jurisdiction, 
shall upon legall conviction bee punished according to law in those cases 
p'vided. 

It is ordered this court : that if it doe justly appeare that any that doeth 
keep an ordnary : bringe in a false acco' of what wine or licor that they shall 
drawe shall be liable to pave double impost for all that they have drawen: 

It is ordered this court : That any Woman that shall abuse her husband 
or neighbours or any others by approbrious language, being lawfully con- 
victed, for the first offence shall be put in the stockes 2 homes, for the sec- 
ond offence to be coucked — and if incorrageble for to be whipped 

And for men who are guilty of such like offence's upon lawfull conviction 
are to be dealt w'th all according to the penalty of law in such cases p'vided. 



44 Early Records of Gorgeana. [Jan. 

It is ordered this court: That whereas Jo n Crose by reason of some dis- 
temper is drawne to a general) neglect of his Famyly, by his contiiiewall 
wandering up and downe the country w th out any nessesary cause, it is or- 
dered any p r son or p r sons what soever the sayd Crose shall come either at 
Goraeaua Newichawanoke oranv other passage w th in this Jurisdictio. shall 

carry or send him backe agayne to Wells, except he can any iust cause 

of his going under the magistrals hand : if he will not be kept at home 
after twise sending backe, the magistrate is for to bind him over to the next 
court wherhee sha be lyable to answer his defalt : If any man shall Ferry 
over John Crose over any River except he can give a just acco of his going 
is to forfit 5s. 

It is ordered this Court that the Tresurer is for to provid a pare of hill- 
bowes & a coucking stole to be payd for out of the publicke stocke, and to 
order the constable that the stockes be set up at m r Hiltons. 

It is ordered this court that m r Norton the p'vost marshall shall have for 
his attendance at every court to be houlden for this p'vince xiiis 4d to be 
payd out of the tresury : besides his other Feese: 

It is ordered this court that m r Parker the Recorder is allowed out of 
the Tresury three pounds p. yeare so longe as hee confines in that place: 

Wheras ther is heer in this River of Pascataquacke a youeth accidentally 
mayutayned & being examined boeth how hee came to New Ingland as also 
how hee came to goe one this voiadge hee saieth his name is Tho 3 Bar- 
tholme ; was sent for New Ingland by one m r Parker & was heer in divers 
sarveces : as w th m r Parker, Hudson's son & one Craptree. being in Boston 
was solicited by m r Lymon Overre to goe one this voyage & appoynted to 
meet at the forte poynt. after being at the lies of Sholes m r Sampson Lane 
sent others backe. would have sent him backe to Boston : but m r Lymon 
Overre asked him yf hee would sarve him. And p'mised at his retorne to 
agree w th his m r yf he had any tye one him, & to pay for his time hee should 
be in his sarvis & that Capt Sampson Lane had noe hand in bringing him 
aw aye. 

In testimonv wher of wee sdve this testimo'v Authenticated under the 
seale this p'vince of Mavne this 29: 9veinb. 1650. 

Edward Godfrey, Gov r . 

At a Generall court houlden at Gorgeana the 15th of Octo r IGoO m r Ed- 
ward Godfrev, bv the vote of the Countrey chosen £O r m r Nicholas 
Shapleigh. m r Abraham Preble assistants, and Basill Parker assistant & 
Recorder. 

Capt. Francis Champanowne pi* m r John Tomson deft, in an acco. upon 
the case for takeing awave a boate for damage to the valew of 40£ sterling. 

George Rodgers <fc mr* Batcheller pr sented upon vehement suspition of 
incontenancy for liveing in one house together & lieing in one rome, They 
are to be separated before the next court or to pay 40s. 

William Wormewod pr'sented for a common swarrer and a turbulent 
parson. Wormwod to be brought to the next court for his sentance. 

Thomas Donstan and his wife pr'sented for neckleckting the ordinance 
of god upon the sabath day. Donstan and his wife for this offence to 

pave 10s. upon complaynt here after 40s. 

It is ordered that the Grand Jury is for to have one meale for the time 
of every court. 

It is ordered this court that the inhabitants of cape Nedicke are for to 



1881.] The Youngman Family. 45 

be rated for the payment of the ministers wages by such as are appoynted 
to make rates for Gorgeana. 

It is ordered that Robert Mendam shall be p'mitted to keep an ordnary 
or house of entertaynement for the tearme of one yeare from the date here- 
of w th tliis p'viso. that the maigor p te of the Inhabitance of the River Fas- 
cataquacke, be ther w un content: 

[To be continued.] 



THE YOUNGMAN FAMILY. 

Communicated by John C. J. Brown, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

N the last number of the Register (vol. xxxiv. pp. 401-4) was given 
a brief sketch of this family, in which the author expressed the 
hope that " it may interest the descendants and also prove an incentive to 
the lovers of genealogical research to furnish further information." It 
would interest and disgust the descendants of Anna (Fisher) Heath to read 
that she — whose father was a legislator, his will witnessed by the Wares, 
sons of the progenitor of a long line of moral teachers, whose first husband 
belonged to the Roxbury family celebrated for their patriotic and moral 
virtues, had with the apparent consent of her husband, twentv davs before 
his death, married another, inaugurating polyandry into New England. This 
interest would increase to learn that she had a granddaughter who compli- 
cated her own marital relations by marrying her step-father, for which, 
under the law of 1695, the participants would have been given forty stripes 
each, exhibited for an hour seated beneath the gallows with the noose 
around their necks, and forever after to have worn in a conspicuous place, 
sewn upon their clothes, the letter I of a contrary color to their garments. 
These examples are enough to show the folly of presenting for publication 
a hasty sketch, ignoring its verification by the use of material close at 
hand. 

The library of the society furnished ready material, and the city and 
countv registers' otfk-es, by their admirable indices, guided directly to in- 
formation which the author could have collected in an hour, and bv correct- 
ing his sketch saved the RegistePw from misleading those who rely upon 
the general accuracy of the magazine. 

Uoon the societv's shelves can be found Lower's " Patronvmica Britan- 
nica, The Roxbury Records. Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Barry's 
Framingham, Worcester's Hollis, N. H., and the past volumes of this maga- 
zine, which would have been of service to the author. 

The origin of the name is given by Lower, p. 394: "Youngman ; the 
same as Young, the second syllable being an unnecessary addition. Young ; 
this well known surname appears to be of common origin with the classical 
Neander, Juvenal, &c, and to refer to the youth of the first bearer, at the 
time when it was adopted or imposed.'' 

1 . Francis 1 Youngman appears to have been the first of that patrony- 
mic in this colony. The earliest date attached to this name is Dec. '2 y 
1G?S.j, when he was married to the widow of Isaac 3 Heath (Isaac. 2 William 1 ). 
Her first husband died at the earlv age of 29, amplv provided for bv his 
father, who had given him a homestead farm in Roxbury, beside land at 
Brookline. These were settled upon his sou Isaac* by his will dated Dec 
vol. xxxv. 5 



46 The Young man Family. [Jan 

19, 1681, and his moveable estate was bequeathed to his widow Ann; 
(Fisher) Heath, daughter of Cornelius and Leah Fisher, of Dedbam. He 
father added to her estate by bequeathing- to her one-fifth of his real anc 
personal property, after deducting his special bequests. His will is dated 
Feb. 3, 1699, proved 15 June, 1699. Savage gives the date of his death 
January instead of June, and says he was u the first head of a family who 
died in the town in a natural way for thirty years." The newly married 
couple purchased in the name of the husband, Francis Youngman, an estate 
of about eight acres near Hog Bridge, over Stony River, between what is 
now Centre Street. Roxbury, and the homestead of the Curtis family.* Rob- 



vj Jt mil ii.i i uiuicu uio ii'.ijijiinii" coui'.v. un vvuiic uu cci, iiiiu uiauitu ijii//^- 

beth, 2 the only remaining unmarried daughter. After the death of Fran- 
cis 1 Youngman. his widow made an agreement (Lib. 43, Fol. 34) with her 
children, by which her son Isaac 4 Heath should ultimately come in for a 
share of her property. 

Francis 1 Youngman, cordwainer, married Dec. 2. 1685, widow Anna 
(Fisher) Heath. He died July 23, 1712 (a). Their children, born in 
Koxbury, were (a, b, c) : 

2. i. Jonathan, b. Oct. 9, 1686. 

3. ii. Cornelius, b. Sept. 1, 16S8 ; m. Mary Story. 

4. iii. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 2, 16'JO ; in. Mercy Jones. 

iv. Anna, b. Dec. 1, 1695; in. Joseph Pepper, Dee. 15, 1720 (b, c). 

v. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 1697-8; d soon. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 11, 1698-9 : in. John Crafts, Feb. 5, 1722-3 (b). 

vii. Leah, b. May 4, 1701 ; d. May 28, 1701 (b). 

viii. John, birth not recorded; d. July 26, 1711 (b). 

2. Jonathan 2 Youngman (Francis 1 ), born Oct. 9, 1686; inherited 
the homestead, and by agreement with his mother had a double portion of 
the personal property. While a resident of Franiingham, Dec. 3, 1720, 
he sold the homestead to his brother Ebenezer for £200, reserving a small 
piece of land for his mother. Ebenezer sold the place in 1725 to Samuel 
Gore for £250. He married Sarah . They had: f 

i. Eleanor, b. in Roxbury, July 23, 1710 ; m. Joseph Skillins, of Rich- 
mond, Aug. 19, 1731. 

ii. Sarah, b. in Fraininfrham, June 9, 1713 ; m. William Amos, April 
30, 1733. 

iii. Leah, b. in Frauiinghani, April 14, 1715 ; m. Richard Robinson, Aug. 
28, 1759. 

iv. Anna. b. in Roxbury, " Feb. the last," 1716-17 ; m. Daniel Marrow, 
June, 1738. 

v. Mary, b. in Roxbury, Feb. 17, 1718-19. 

vi. Francis, b. in Roxbury, July 31, 1720. 

vii. Jonathan, b. in Framingham, May 20, 1722. 

"viii. John, b. in Sudbury, June 1, 1721. A husbandman ; d. in Brook- 
line, Sept. 1745 ; Ebenezer Pierpont, of Ruxbury, administered 
upon estate. 

ix. Daniel, b. in Roxbury, March 12, 1725-6. 

3. Cornelius 2 Youngman {Francis 1 ), b. Sept. 1. 1C88 ; m. INIary 
Story, of Brookline. They had daughter Mary, who died Sept. 17, 1710. 
Mary, the widow of Cornelius, was married, April 25, 1715, by Hon. Sam- 



* See Drake's History of Roxbury, pp. 309-401, for an accurate description of this neigh- 
borhood, with a picture of the old Curtis homestead. 

(a) Savage's Diet., iv. pp. 671-72. He omits one Elizabeth, (b) Roxbury Records. 
(c) Barry's Framingham, pp. 3o8 and 451. 

t Barry'a Framingham, p. 451 ; also Record in office of City Registrar and Reg. Probate. 



1881.] The Youngman Family. 47 

uel Sewall, to Philip 3 Torrey, of Brookline (Jonathan, 2 Philip 1 ). (See rec- 
ord at City Registrar's Otlice.) 

4. Ebenezer 2 Youxgimax (Francis 1 ), b. Nov. 2, 1690; m. by Dr. 
Cotton Mather, Jan. 8. 1712, to Mercy Jones (daughter of Matthew and 
Susanna). He was a felt-maker, and carried on his trade near the bridge, 
corner of Hanover and Blackstone Streets (as now called). lie lived in a 
brick house on Fish Street, with the rear on Clarke's Square (now North 
Street and North Square). In 1728 he left Boston, giving his wife, her 
brother Thomas and Joseph Rix, a full power of attorney. His own prop- 
erty was heavilv mortgaged. He probably died away from home. His 
wife administered upon his estate in 1784. Amount of inventory of person- 
al property was £13: G: 6 ; beside which he had some land in Woodstock, 
Conn. (New Roxbury originally), valued at £15. His widow married 
Samuel Rylands, Aug. 21, 1735, but was again a widow in 1740, when she 
sold one-fifth of an estate on Milk Street, probably a part of the P. O. site, 
for £150. This estate was inherited from her parents, who also left prop- 
erty on Hanover and Common Streets to their children. Her brother Mat- 
thew had his share separated ; the remaining heirs were her brothers Tho- 
mas and Ebenezer Jones, and her sisters Anna, wife of William Swords. 
and Mary, wife of Rainsford Greenough. Children of Ebenezer (d) and 
Mercy (e) : 

i. Ebenezer, bapt. Jan. 9, 1714-15 (d). Died young. 

ii. Mercy, bapt Dec. 2, 1716 (J) ; in. John Sinimcs, March 13, 1734 ; dau. 

Mercy m. Thomas Barnes, ropemaker. 
iii. Susan, bapt. Oct. 26, 17 IS ; m. Edward Chase, Aug. 26, 1740. 
iv. Cornelius. b. Aug. 10, 1720 ( f) ; bapt. Au<r. 14. 1720 (d). 
v. Sarah, b. Feb. 13, 1721-22 ( f) ; m. John Crafts, May 20, 1740. 
vi. Nicholas, b. Oct. 18. (sic) 1723 (/) ; bapt. Oet. 13. 1723 (e). 
vii. Thomas (g), b. June 5, 1725 (/) ; bapt. Jan. 13, 1725 (e) ; m. first, 

Mary Darling, Aug. 22, 1746 ; m. second, Mehitable Smalledire, Dee. 

7, 1752; in. third ^Susannah Wales, Aug. 26, 1757. No children. 
viii. John, b. July 20, 1726 (/) ; bapt. July 24, 1726 (e) ; in. widow Martha 

(Marks) Eddy, Jan. 1760; d. s. p. 
ix. James, bapt. April 14, 1728 (./) ; d. young. 

For an account of the descendants of Nicholas, see Worcester's History of Ilollis, 
N. II., pp. 206, 376, 303, etc., which gives mure information than was included in 
the brief sketch. 



Note by the Editor. — The following appear to be the principal errors in the 
brief sketch given in the last number. Francis 1 was not married in 1684; he 
had daughters Elizabeth 2 and Leah,'- and a son John, 2 omitted there ; he had no 
daughter Sarah to be married to William Ames. 

The family of his son Jonathan 2 was entirely omitted ; the Sarah who was stated 
to be a daughter of Francis, 1 was a daughter of Jonathan. 2 

The widow of Ebenezer 2 had fur a second husband Samuel Rylands, who did not 
marry her daughter Mercy — John Symmesor Simmes being the daughter's husband. 
A son James was omitted. 

One of Thomas's wives was given to his brother Juhn, and John's actual wife 
was omitted. 

(d) Records of the North Church. Ebenezer 2 Youn^man's name being plaeed alphabeti- 
cally is the last on the church record, and the following nute is made against it : "The 
first who confessed the covenant, p. 7-3, Jan. 2, 1714-15— the first is truly the last in this 

instance." 

(e) N. E. Hist, nnd Gen. Register, vol. xix. p. 321; Records of the New Brick Church ; 
Merc- adrn. Jan 172s_9. 

(/) Alphabetical transcript of City Record?, original not to be found. 

{(/) Thomas was a baker, died in Jan. 17C0. His brother John administered. The amount 
to divide was £3 16 7, " which by law belongs one half to the .-aid Administrator, and the 
other half to Nicholas 3 Youngman, they being the only .surviving brothers of the said Tho- 
mas." order of Court, dated ll Feb. 176U. 






&;^ 



'*"3» o 



0» "i 



"VWf 












1 






•ft V> 






^ 












('Ofpojffip^yjij 















1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 49 



CABO DE BAXOS : 

Or, the Place of Cape Cod in the old Cartology. 

By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, of New York City. 

F the bold foreland known as Cape Cod could frame articulate speech, 
what a story its storm-swept shores might tell. It has looked out 
through scudding mists upon the enterprise, the hopes and fears of many 
nations. Histories have been engulphed in its waves and buried in its 
sands. Cape Cod, however, is simply the wreck of an old and more ex- 
tensive promontory. Even since the seventeenth century large portions of 
its coast have been devoured by the sea, while other portions have been 
invaded by the silicious drift which has changed fertile tracts into glister- 
ing saharas. 

At some distant period the cape was connected with the neighboring 
isles, though a portion of the islands themselves have now disappeared. 
The great shallows tell of islands that once rose above the waves. In tiie 
year 1701 the " Sloop Mary " anchored under the lee of an island of which 
no vestige now remains.* Nevertheless, at the beginning of the sixteenth 
century, when the French and Spanish navigators came upon the coast, it 
presented substantially the same aspect as to-day. Then, as now, the mark- 
ed feature of the coast was found in the great rift's which maintained a 
deafening roar, even at a distance being ominous in the mariner's ear. The 
floor of the sea was literally ploughed up by the roaring tide. The classic 
age, however, had passed away, and the sailors, instead of referring to Seyl- 
la and Chary bdis, applied other but not less emphatic names, which, what- 
ever may have been the language, alwavs signified the same thing — The 
Shoals; while the cape was known as The Cape of the Shoals. Ver- 
razano employed the term " sirtis," though others used such words as 
" arrecifes," " faralones," " mallebarre," " baturier " and ' ; Baxos." 

This repellant coast more than once frustrated the scheme of the French. 
Spanish and Dutch navigator, and served, in a sense, to check the advance 
of continental enterprise at a time when Englishmen were not prepared to 
take possession of the New England shores. Still the English found it far 
from a friendly coast, and for years the advocacy of the Cape Cod Canal 
has been marked by an undertone suggestive of the mariner's woe. 

In his letter to Francis I. Verrazano does not mention the svrtis, though 
the description of his voyage implies a passage around the cape. The 
shoals were probably described in the ' k little book " to which he refers as 
containing details, while the map of his brother shows them prominently, 
the land opposite being called " C. della Bussa," which seems to be the 
equivalent of " baturier." applied in following time. In the old cartology, 
therefore, Capo Cod, under various names, is constantly coming to notice. 
Two other points are also indicated, and with even more prominence. 
These are Sandy Hook and the Bay of Fundy. It is, indeed, by the care- 
ful study of these three features of the old maps that we are able to fix upon 
the true place of Cape Cod, and to indicate how well it was known to the 
sailors and geographers of the sixteenth century. 

• " Journal of the voyage of the Sloop Mary," &c. Albany, 1866, p. 27. " Pre-colum- 
biaa Discovery," p. 29, and the Regist£h, xviii. 37. 

VOL. XXXV. 5* 



50 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

These three points are not indicated upon every map, though one, and 
we might even say two, are seldom wanting. Reference, however, will be 
made almost exclusively to those bearing the threefold nomenclature. 
These are so numerous, that, taken in connection with written descriptions 
of the coast, they fix the identity of the places beyond question.* 

The earliest map that has any bearing upon this subject is the anony- 
mous map of 1527, which shows Sandy Hook as " c. d. arenas," while 
eastward is the word " golfo," which may indicate the Bay of Fundy. In 
1529 we have the map of Ribero, which is similar to the map of 1527, 
though it has more coast names. Besides Sandy Hook and "golfo " is the 
indication of " c. de arecifes," though it is placed eastward of what seems 
to have been intended for the Penobscot. These two maps represent the 
voyage of Gomez, about which little is known. It was evidently a partial 
survey, which accounts for the failure of the maps. On the other hand, 
Verrazano examined the coast from the Carolinas to New Foundland. and 
his map is more definite. On this map, besides the " sirtis " and k% bussa," 
indicating Cape Cod, we find the Bay of Fundy, while the Cape of 
Sandy Hook is also well defined, the name being " Lamuetto."f These 
three points were never lost sight of. The names were frequently changed, 
Sandy Hook often being called the Cape of St. Mary or St. John. To 
Verrazano belongs the credit of giving these points their first definition, 
while his delineation of Sandy Hook exercised a controlling influence over 
French map makers for nearly a hundred years. 

Passing by such maps as that of Ramusio, 1534, and the Propaganda 
map of the same period,! let us proceed to the map of Alonzo Chaves, as 
described by Oviedo in 1537, who sets Ribero aside until after passing 
northward of Cape Breton, a region evidently not included by Chaves. § 
Drawing upon the map of Chaves, Oviedo shows much knowledge of the 
three points under notice. The latitudes are incorrect, but this is the case 
with maps in general at that period. The Cape of the Arenas is put too 
far south. The latitude of the Hudson, however, is nearlv risdit, being in 
41° 2s., and the situation is described perfectly. Thence, Oviedo says, the 
coast stretches north-easterly io Cape " Arrecifes ;" while at a point far- 
ther on is the Bay of Fundy, called ki Bahia de la Ensenada." The dis- 
tances, like the latitudes, are inaccurate, but the main features of the coast 
are well described. The Hudson (Rio S. Antonio) is depicted as running 
north and south, while eastward, beyond Arrecifes, there is an ki archipela- 
go."|j This description alone would be sufficient to establish the identity 
of Cape Cod, called ''Arrecifes," or the " Reef Cape." This latter word, 
it should be observed, is Arabic, and is related to the English 4 ' reef;" but, 
as the Castilian tongue improved, the word fell out of use, and the pure 
Spanish word " Baxos " generally took its place, though on some charts 
the old " arrecifes " was retained. The failure to understand this has led 
to much confusion, some supposing that the two names referred to separate 
capes. 

Let us next glance rapidly through some of the maps of this period, tak- 

* A fourth point might be included, as Cape Breton stands on the maps properly relited 
to what represented the Bay of Fundy. This, however, will be taken fur grunted in the 
discussion. 

t Possibly this name was misspelled! by the draughtsman. 

I Found in " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 53, Barnes & Co., 18S0. 
\ Ibid. 

II Historia general y Natural de las Indias," &c. Tomo I. (segunda parte) p. 146, ed. 
1852, and Hist. Magazine, 1866, p. 372. 



1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 51 

ing first the so-called "Cabot Map" of 1542. This map shows Sandy 
Hook definitely, as 4 * C: de S: Juan," while " Capo de aracefe " stands for 
Cape Cod, and " rio fondo '' for the Bay of Fundy. It is not meant, of 
course, that in these cases Cape Cod is defined in outline, but rather that 
this name is placed on the coast where the cape ought to be.* The defini- 
tion is found in such writers as Oviedo. who, at the point of the Reef Cape, 
describes a headland pushing into the sea. with a great bay beyond and be- 
hind it. Yet however conventional this representation of the map, the 
three points are laid down near their true latitudes, a proportional distance 
apart.f The map of Henry IV. shows " C. de Sablous " (Sandy Hook) 
and " Les Condes ' ? (Fundy). but Cape Cod is wanting.^ Map X. in 
Kunstman's Atlas, shows " C: de las arenas," ' ; C. de las Saxas," and 
" Condes." " Saxas " is simply a corruption of Baxos. 

A copy of the unpublished map of John Rotz, 1512, in possession of the 
writer, shows Sandy Hook prominently without its name, and Arricifes in 
its proper place, with the region between it and Penobscot. An ancient 
Spanish map§ of the same period shows " c: de s: joan," " II. de las farelones " 
and "ancones." "'•Farelones'' i- one of those world-wide terms signify- 
ing outlying rocks and shoals, while " ancones ?: stands for ""fondo," indi- 
cating a deep bay. The fact that in this case ;t farelones" is connected 
with a river forms no objection. The Bav of Fundv is often called a river, 
and is sometimes indicated by Cape " fundo." The characteristic thing on 
these old conventional maps is the main term, as the map maker was often 
confused in its application, and readily changed the Cape of Faralones into 
" river" or "bay." In 1542 Mercator published the plans of a globe, and 
on the Atlantic coast of North America he gave " C. S. johan " for Sandy 
Hook, and "Cabo d. Malabrigo " (Bad shelter) for Cape Cod. Fundy is 
not shown, but a bay perhaps intended for Long Island Sound is called 
" Baia hondo," a name elsewhere not applied to that coast. Probably this 
was carelessness on the part of the engraver, who should have placed 
" hondo " east of " malabrigo." a corruption of Baxos, if not intended as an 
equivalent. Gomara may be quoted next to confirm our interpretation of 
the maps. In 1555 this writer gives the three main points, though, like 
some map makers, he puts Cabo de Arenas (Sandy Hook) too far south of 
the River San Antonio, and combines the distance from that river to " Cabo 
Bajo," or Cape Cod, at more than a hundred leagues. Thence to Rio Fon- 
do he computes it at about one hundred and sixty.}] Humboldt, however, 
in such connections, teaches us that distances are not to be relied upon ; 

* There was a great deal of rigidity and conventionality about the work of the early car- 
tographers, who, in the absence of accurate surveys, would put the names of capes and 
bays on the border of the coast without attempting to indicate their forms. Besides, their 
work was done on a small scale that seriously interfered with the introduction of details. 
Thus points were not indicated except by name. The case of Sandy Hook is a notable 
exception, and for the reason that the great bay of New York was a safe, resort for mari- 
ners, and thus was explore-:, together with the prominent headland-. Cape Cod, on the 
other hand, though well kn -v.-i . was a dangerous and unprofitable place that was never 
explored with any care. Th .■ .. .r '•<.;• of XJv York appears to have been visited by the 
French prior to 1562, a< Rib mlt, speaking of the " xl degrees," mentions " the declaration 
made vuto vs of our Pilots and some others that had before been at some of those places 
where we purposed to sail." Diver- Voyages, p. 114. On the Verrazano map Cape Cod is 
prominently indicated by the shoal-, but afterwards, down to the seventeenth century, it 
is known by the names placed on the coast. 

t See the map in Jomard's " Monuments de la Geographic." 

I Ibid. 

$ Carta de Indies, Madrid. 1S79. 

|| Historia General de las India? y nucro mundo, p. 9, Tome ii., ed, 15-55, edited by Bar- 
cia. Hist. Magazine, I860, p. 3o8. 



52 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

and we therefore repeat that the three points on the coast are invariably 
placed near their proper localities, and are proportionately distant from one 
another.' As late as the seventeenth century, the distance between Alexan- 
dria and Marseilles was overstated by five hundred miles. 

Next notice the map of Mercator, 15G9. which, so far as it concerns the 
geography of the coast northward from Sandy Hook, was more or less a 
failure. This map shows the three features upon which we are dwelling, 
but a part of the work is in duplicate. Elsewhere the writer has shown 
how this happened, resulting in a double representation of the Island called 
bv Verrazano " Luisa." This island Mercator calls " Claudia," and a^ain 
" Briso,"* not knowing that " Briso '" was a corruption of " Luisa," and 
that the two names referred to the same thing. " C. de Lexus " stands for 
" Baxos," the " Lexus " being a corruption of " Baxos." " C. de Lexus," 
however, is properly connected with Claudia (Luisa), the modern Block 
Island, off Newport. The position of " Lexus " in its relation to the Bay 
of Fundy (C. de his Condes) and Sandy Hook (C. de arenas) shows that 
such a place as Cape Cod was well known. Besides, he puts his Cape de 
Lexus in the risht latitude, that is near 41° N. His mistake consisted in 
putting Claudia and Lexus too far east, and in putting the Penobscot west 
of these points. The latitude of Claudia was iixed from the data in the 
letter of Verrazano, which, however did not <nve the longitude. Neverthe- 
less, on the map of Mercator, as on the map of Verrazano. and as stated 
in the letter of Verrazano, Claudia was represented approachable from the 
west by water. When, therefore, Mercator's map is corrected, as respects 
Norumbega or the Penobscot, it is found to show a substantial resemblance 
to Verrazano. The Ortelius of 1570-1573, 1575 and 1579, copies the 
errors of Mercator too closely, but it is not necessary to dwell upon the 
work in detail, as it suffices to observe that the delineations of Ortelius 
maintain the identity of Baxos. Ortelius, like Mercator, puts Lexus and 
Claudia in the right latitude, and the Bay of Fundy (B. de los Condes) in 
the proper place, though " C. de Arenas " is too far south. He also du- 
plicates Cape Cod. 

Dr. Dee's unpublished map of 1580, now in the British Museum, does 
not follow Mercator in his outline of the New England coast, but copies his 
error in putting " arrecifes " (Cape Cod) east of the Norumbega, though 
showing Sandy Hook and the Bay of Fundy in their proper places. 

Lok's map of 1582 shows Sandy Hook as " Carenas," but puts Claudia 
east of what was intended for Norumbega, thus reflecting the mistake of 
Mercator. 

In 1583 Hakluyt's friend, Stephen Bellinger, of Rouen, sailed to Cape 
Breton, and thence coasted south-westerly six hundred miles, which would 
have taken him near Cape Cod. He " had trafique with the people in tenne 
or twelue places. "f Hakluvt says, using the term in the sense of exploring, 
that he " discouered very diligently cc. leagues towardes Norumbega," the 
latter term being used in a loose way. He doubtless saw Cape Cod. 

Bellinger's enterprise seemed to stir up the men of St. John de Luz, 
" who sent lasteyere to sollicite the Frenche Kinge and his Counsell to plante 
there."| This explains why Gosnoldin 1G02 found in New England " eight 
Indians in a Basque shallop." Brereton says, " It seemed by some words 

* See the explanation of these errors in " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 55. 
t See Hikluvt's " Westerne Planting," in the Maine Coll., ser. 2, vol. ii. pp. 26 and 84. 
Edited by Charles Deane, LL.D. 
J Westerne Planting, 101. 



1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 53 

and signs they made, that some Basques of St. John de Luz have fished or 
traded in this place."* 

We find, however, that the old maps, with all their conventionalisms, were 
better than the later productions, inasmuch as they represented actual sur- 
veys, while, on the other hand, many modern maps stood for tlieories. It is 
assuring, therefore, at this stage of the discussion, to be able to refer to map 
XIII. of Kunstman's atlas, bearing the date of 1502, and showing in their 
proper positions, " C de. las arenas, k ' C. de las Saxos," a misspelling of 
Baxos, and the well known Bay of " Condes." This map was the work of 
an Englishman, as the inscription reads, " Thomas Hood made this platte. 
1592." 

In 1593 the " Speculvm Orbis Terras " of de Tode, printed at Antwerp, f 
contained a small map, showing south of Cape Breton " C. de Lexus," the 
misspelled " Baxos," evidently taken from Mercator. What appears to 
have been intended for Sandy Hook is marked " c. de s. Helena," but the 
map is distorted, and the Bay of Fundy is not mentioned. 

In 1597 Wyttliet's work contains a map with coast line according to 
Mercator. the map being repeated in the edition of 1G034 This map 
shows " C. Baixo " and " Cap Hondo" in their proper relations, but the 
name of Sandy Hook is omitted. Mercator, however, is corrected as re- 
spects Baxos, which is put south-west of the Penobscot, in its proper place. 

Linschoten, in 1598, is found giving an accurate description of the main 
divisions of the coast under consideration, though he does not appear to 
have attracted notice. He makes the distance from Rio Fundo to Cape 
Baxos one hundred and sixty miles, and thence to the Hudson one hundred 
miles. § Linschoten 's work was published in Dutch and English, and was 
found in every navigator's hand. With Linschoten before him, Hudson, in 
1G09, could lay no claim to the discovery of the river which bears his name. 

The next map that claims attention is that projected by Wright and en- 
graved by Molyneux in 1000. This map is celebrated as being the '"new 
map " referred to by Shakspere in - k Twelfth Night " (Act iii., s. 2).|| The 
map shows the influence of the English who had colonized Virginia, and indi- 
cates also that new ideas had been acquired respecting New England. This 
is very evident from a comparison of the map with a globe made by Moly- 
neux eight years before. |j The globe, as respects New England, follows 
the school of Mercator and Ortelius, placing Claudia far east of the " Grand 
Bay," intended for Penobscot Bay. But in the map of 1G00, Claudia is 
placed near 41* N., while the Penobscot, as the " R. Grand," lies east of 
Claudia. New England is reduced to an island by a narrow strait running 

* Mass. Coll., 3 s. viii. 85. The visitors were incorrectly supposed by a recent writer to 
have heen English. Maine Coll., vol. vii. p. 133. 

t The only copy of this edition of de Tode known to the writer is in the Public Library 
of Geneva, Switzerland. It does not appear to have any place in our best bibliographies. 

I The editions of 1597, 1593 and 1603, together with Magnin's French edition", 1611, put 
all the latitudes too high. 

§ "From the point of Baccalao to the bay of the riner, are 70. miles, fro the bay of the 
Kiner to the bay de los Ilos, 70. miles, frornthence to Rio Fundo 70. miles, from thence to 
Cape Baxo 1G0. miles, and again to the riuer of Saint Anthonv, 100. miles." "Diseours of 
Voyages," Book ii. p. 217, ed. 1598. 

!l That Shakspere referred to this map appears to have been suggested first by the late 
Mr. Lenox, in 1859, when writing his introduction to Mr. Mulligan's " de Insule " ofSyl- 
laeius. Mr. Lenox possessed one of the three known copies of the map, lately given in 
facsimile by the Hakluyt Society, though their editor failed to read the map correctly. 
See Markham's " John Davis," "and the "notice in the Nation of June 17, 18S0. The Shak- 
spere Society also appears to have failed to appreciate the language " and map with the 
augmentation of the Indies," which probably referred to the new world. 



54 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

from the St. Lawrence and opening on the New England coast in latitude 
40,° as on the map of Lok.* At the mouth of this strait, in Molyneux's 
map, " C. de Gamas," or Stao; Cape, is laid down, " Claudia/" or Block 
Island, being opposite ; thus identifying the " Stag Cape " with Cape Cod, 
so called, perhaps, far the first time, though the name was every way ap- 
propriate on account of the abundance of deer. Far eastward, beyond the 
Bay of " Menan/'f is a large bay, evidently intended for the Bay of Fun- 
dy. Southward of Cape " Gamas " is the Hudson, " R. de S. Antonio," 
though Sandy Hook is poorly delineated. The improvement of the map of 
Molyneux over his globe of 1502 is very significant and instructive. 

The "new map." as well as the work of Linschoten, must have been in 
the hands of Bartholomew Gosnold when he sailed on his voyage in 1602. 
This brings us to the reputed " Discoverer" of Cape Cod.$ and recalls the 
fact that Mr. Bancroft, in speaking of Gosnold, says. " Cape Cod was the 
first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen. ''§ This, nevertheless, 
is untrue, as other Englishmen were on the coa>t of New England long be- 
fore. Nor is it probable that Gosnold was the first Englishman who landed 
upon the Cape.j] Still, Gosnold is popularly credited as the fci Discoverer." 
Upon what, then, is his claim based? The answer has already been given, 
as the Cape had been well known to geographers ever since the time of 
Verrazano and Gomez. Under the circumstances, the advancement of Gos- 
nold in this connection is a little curious. 

First of all, it should be noticed that Gosnold made no claim for him- 
self. It is simply recorded that he gave the present name to the Cape. 
On the other hand no early writer made any claim on his behalf. It is true 
that, in 1609, when Hudson was on the coast. Jitet, his pilot, wrote in the 
journal, " This is that headland which Captaine Bartholomew T Gosnold dis- 
covered in the year 1C02. and called Cape Cod. ? '^[ Juet, however, uses this 
word, not in the modern sense, but simply to convey the idea of exploration 
or survey. This was the common use of the word in English. In the con- 
tinental languages it was employed in the same way. The failure to appre- 
ciate this fact has led to blunders. ** Verrazano says that he "discovered" 
(discoperto) countries that all the world knew were discovered in the mod- 
ern sense, that is found, manv vears before. Thus also Barlow "discovered" 
Virginia in 1534, at a time when the region was already famous; while the 
Dutch in 1614 "discovered" portions of New Pm<dand well depicted in 
the published French maps of 1609 and 1G13. All such writers as Mourt 
(Morton), Smith, Bradford, Rosier and Josselyn. use the word "discover" 
in the sense of to explore or survey. Hubbard kept up the usage, and it3 
general signification was always understood. Juet simply meant to say, 

* Allefonscc was of the opinion tint the Penobscot ran to the St. Lawrence. See. also, 
Lok's map in " Verrazano the Explorer," and in " Divers Voyages." Smith probably re- 
ferred to tins feature of Molyneux's map where he says that " New England is no island." 
" Advertisements," p. 'JO. 

t Hukluyt and others knew of Manan. See Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. pp. 10>-23. They 
probably had their information from English voyagers. At Whale's Cove in Grand Manan 
copper is found on the surface to-day. 

X On Gosnold's voyage, which was an unauthorized venture, leading to the confisca- 
tion of his carv'o by Sir Walter Rnlcg ^r>ee the author's article in the Rkci-tek, Julv, 1S78. 

$ The Centennial Edition of his History, i. p. Si. Al-o Freeman',-, "Cape Cod," i 29. 

ft See Introduction to Bishop White's Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church, pp. 
via. and ix.. ed. 1HS0. Prior to 15js3, at least two English expeditions visited the coast be- 
tween Nova Scotia and Cape Cod. This eiihjsct, however, is reserved for separate treat- 
ment. It is possible, also, that Martin Frobisher sighted Cape Cod in 1586, when sailing 
home from Virginia. 

^ The Hakluyt Society's Henry Hudson (Asher), p. 66. 

** See " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 3'J. 



1881.] CaboieBaxos. 55 

that this was the headland which Gosnold examined. If he had said more, 
Juet would have proved that he was badly informed concerning the pub- 
lished maps and relations. 

In this connection the claims of the Dutch have never been attended to 
sufficiently. Let us hear, therefore, the report of the Board of Accounts 
on New Netherlands, dated Dec. 15, 1644, taken from the archives at the 
Hague. It is said : 

" New Netherland. situate in America between English Virginia and 
New England, extending from the South river, lying in 34 h degrees, to 
Cape Malabar, in the latitude of 43 1 degrees, was first frequented by the 
inhabitants of this country in the year 1598, and especially by those of the 
Greenland Company, but without making any fixed settlements, only as a 
shelter in the winter. For which purpose they erected on the North and 
South Rivers there two little forts against the incursions of the Indians."* 

Mr. Brodhead puts this statement in a foot note, and says that ' ; it needs 
confirmation. "f The confirmation, however, is at hand, though it is not 
found exactly where one would look for it. Nevertheless, Bradford says, 
in his letter to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, of June 15, 1G27, that the Dutch 
on the Hudson u have used trading there this six or seven and twenty 
years," adding, they " have begun to plant there of later time.''! Brad- 
ford was certainly competent to speak on this subject. He lived in Holland 
in 1608, and thus had opportunities for becoming acquainted with Dutch 
enterprise, while his own interests w&uld prevent him from making any over 
statement.' It must be conceded, therefore, that the Dutch were thus 
early at the Hudson ; and. as the way home lay along Cape Cod towards 
the banks of Newfoundland, they must have been familiar with the region. 
The Hudson was their central nobst for the trade in peltry, and thence 
they ranged the coast far and wide. They did not publish their operations, 
which would have defeated their plains, but they went back and forth quietly 
collecting their gains, belli": contented with the solid profits. 

If any additional evidence were wanted, it could be found in connection 
with Allefonsce, who was on the coast near the year 1542. In his narra- 
tive it was described as " a cape whk-h is high laud, and has a 2'reat Island 
and three or four small ones." The reference here appears to be the Eliza- 
beth group, possibly in connection! with Nantucket. Eastward of the 
Cape was the River of Norumbega, and south-westerly was the Hudson, 
'* a crreat river of fresh water." in fwwat of which lay Sandy Hook, described 
as an " island of sand. "§ Allefonsce knew well the " mighty headland " 
of Gosnold, where "Highland" Light now stands. 

Regarding Gosnold himself, it k clear that he understood the situation 
when he came upon the coast. As the '"Concord" approached the ter- 
minus of the Cape, Archer wrote : 

" The fifteenth day we had a< r ain sight of land, which made ahead, be- 
ing as we thought on an island, by jeason of a large sound that appeared 

* X. Y. Col. Doc, i. 149, 

t Hi>tory, i. 35. 

\ Mass. Coll., iii. 57. The Dutch, however, in 1721, hesitated to " impeach the rights of 
the English." Col. Mss., vol. i. 

§ A full copy of the manuscript of Allef<«scc, so far as it relates to America, was made 
forth" writer undcrtlic supervision of the toe M. D'Avezac; and :is he hopes some day to 
pub ish the translation, th subject is here simply touched upon. The e^etracr.s already pub- 
lished were drawn from the copy thus obtained. * This extract, however, is hum the printed 
work. 



56 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

westward between it and the main, for coming to the west end thereof, 
we did perceive a large opening, we called it Shoal Hope."* 

Again he says, on the twenty-first, while coasting alonir the outside of 
the Cape to the southward, that they saw what they supposed to be the 
'• end " of the water taken for ; - a large sound," and the narrative says, 
that finding "there were but three fathoms a league off, we omitted to 
make further discovery of the same, calling it Shoal-Hope. "t 

But why did they apply the name of "Shoal Hope?" First, why did 
they u-e the word " Hope ?" The answer is at hand. In the language of 
that period, the term " Hope" indeed had its modern signification, but to 
this was added another and a geographical meaning, being equivalent to an 
opening in the hills. The term, as used in the narrative, had a double sig- 
nification. Gosnold was on the lookout for a passage through the land to 
the Indies. As late as 16G0 the land separating the Atlantic from the 
Pacific was supposed to be only about two hundred and fifty niile-4 wide. 
When Gosnold saw the open water, he thought he had what, in modern 
parlance, is sometimes called •• a fair show." In the tracts appended to 
the narrative of Go-mold's voyage, among the reasons urged iu favor of 
exploration was, that some voyage would yet " conduct us to the hopes 
that men do greedily thirst after," and to a " way to be made part over- 
land and part by rivers and lakes into the South Sea unto Cathay, China 
and those passing rich countries lying in the east parts of the world." 

Hakluyt, in setting forth ••Inducements" for the voyage '• in 40 and 42 
degrees of latitude," appended to Brereton, mentions as his fifth, " a great 
possibility of further discoveries of other regions from the north part of the 
same land by sea," thus giving the trade to the Indies. 

This was the beautiful dream of Gosnold and all the men of his time. 
Dernier, when at New York, in 1G19. where Hudson vainly searched in 1609, 
fondly believed that he had reached the gateway to the east. It was every 
way fitting, therefore, to call what appeared to be a water gate through the 
land a *' Hope." The term was perfectly intelligible to the geographers 
of the time. But why the "Shoal" Hope? This leads to the statement 
that Gosnold seemed to know bis ground ; as before anv shoal water is 
mentioned he applies the name of ,; Shoal Hope," while after the shallow 
water is found he confirms the name. It would appear that he had the great 
shoal in mind, and, knowing that he was near it, employed the equivalent 
of the Baxos that he had seen on the maps of Wytfiiet, and read about on 
the English page of Lirischoten. Others had found nothing to boast of or 
to assure their courage in passing along this region, but it would seem 
almost as though Gosnold desired to signalize his visit to this place, by con- 
necting it with something unique. 

That he knew his position is evident. He had come forth on this voy- 
age with the letter of Verrazano in his hand.§ and was in search of the 
region where the Island of Luisa lay, an island which, as " Claudia," was 
depicted near the Cape of Gamas on the map of Molyneux. It was the 
*' situation in fourtie degrees" that Carlisle desired to colonize in 1583. || 
It was the exact region that Sir Humphrey Gilbert sailed for on his fatal 

* Mass. Coll., ser. 2, vol. viii. p. 7-J. 

f Ibid. p. 75. Later a " Sound " was called " Gosnold's Hope." 
X *■ Verrazano the Explorer," p. 57. 

\ See the proof in the Register, 1878. Also note the fact that Archer speaks of the 
destination of the voyage as " our purposed place." Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. p. 73. 
I) Hakluyt, iii. 184. 



1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 57 

voyage. This Hakluyt declares when he prints upon the margin of his 
pa ire which refers to Claudia. " The countrev of Sir H. G. Voyage."* The 
old "sirtis" of Verrazano. therefore, crops out in connection with the 
hope of a route to the opulent Cathay through what is now the territory 
of Massachusetts. f He gave the name of Cape Cod to the cape, possibly, 
in a merry mood, as the cod took so readily to his bait. Bradford gives a 
tolerable resume of the subject when he writes: 

' k A word or two by y° way of this cape ; it was thus first named by Cap- 
ten Gosnold and his company. An°: 1602, and after by Capten Smith was 
caled Cape James : but it retains y e former name amongst sea-men. Also 
y* point which first showed those dangerous shoulds unto them, they called 
Pointe Care, and Tucker's Terrour : but by y e French and Dutch to this 
day call it Malabarr, by reason of those perilous shoulds and ye losses 
they have suffered there. "X 

But though the English sailors relished the name given by Gosnold, it 
did not immediately pass into urography. In 1603, Wytfliet published ano- 
ther edition of his work, as already observed, containing the map of 1507, 
with the Cape indicated as '* Baxos/' and in its proper place, in opposition 
to Mercator. 

In 1605 Champlain came to the Cape, and he says that he named it 
" Cape Blanc," since it contained sands and dunes which had a white ap- 
pearance^ On one of his maps, however, he calls it " C. Mallebare," the 
bad shoal, or Baxos. 

In 1608, the Fascicvlvs Geographicvs\ lays down " C. Baixo " where 
Cape Cod should be. while the •* B. de ensenada " or Bay of Fundy stands 
in its proper position between '• Baixo ' : and Cape kt de Breton." Where 
the Hudson should appear there is an indication of habitations, and a river, 
with the word ; * Comakee." Sandy Hook is not found under any name ; 
while the name of that Cape, " de las Arenas," is attached to the region 
of Cape Hatteras, with Virginian names standing northward of it. ]N'o 
new English map had appeared since that of 1600; though the next year 
Lescarbot published his Xouvelh Fr nice, with a map of the coast, giving: 
ape Cod feebly defined as •■ Malebarre." 

In 1609, after landing; on Cape Cod, and passing; a ni^ht entangled in 

- _ OX - XOC C5 

the ancient Baxos. Henry Hudson went southward and reached the Hud- 
son. All his movements indicate that he knew of the river previously 
through Smith, and that his object was to explore with reference to a route 
to the Indies.1T 

* " Divers Voyage?," p. 61. Hakluyt clearly knew that Mercator gave the wrong lati- 
tude as well as wrong name to the Island. 

t The strait passing westward from Cape Gamas was, possibly, suggested by Long Island 
Sound, which had not been explored, and which might have been regarded as running to 
the St. Lawrence. 

t Mass. Coll., s.4, vol. Hi. p. 77. 

5 CEuvres, ii. 64. 
i II " Fascicvlvs geo^raphievs Complectens praeeipvarvm toti'vs orbis Re^ionnm tabulas 
cireiter centum, vna cum earundem Enarrationibus," &c. Culn am Rein Bey Iohan Bux- 
emacher. M DC VIII. fob U. 

*a The Dutch themselves declare that Hudson proposed two things to his crew, the first 
of which was to "proceed on the latitude of 40 degrees to the coast of America, being 
chiefly moved to this by letters an i charts which one Captain Smith had sent him from Vir- 
ginia." N. York Coll.. s. 2, vol. ii. p. 3 ; .9. Juet, the pilot, must have had the letter of Ver- 
razano before him in Ilakluyt's version, as was the case with Gosnold. Juet says, "The 
land is very pleasant and high," and Verrazano savs "a very pleasant place anions cer- 
taine steepe hilies " ; and while the former speaks of the harbor as " an open sea," and " a 
pood harbour for all windes," the latter savs it was a " pleasant lake," and " well fensed 
from the winde." Asher's Hudson, p. 78, and " Divers Voyages," p. 63. 

VOL. XXXV. C 



58 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

Magnin, in 1611, pays no attention to Gosnold, and, to illustrate his text, 
uses a map like that of 1603. Mereator's double representation of the 
Island of Louisa, under the names of " Claudia " and " Briso," are still 
retained and put in latitude 4-4°, east of the Penobscot ; but eastward of 
the Penobscot is " Cap Hoado," or Cape Sable, intended for the mouth of 
the Bay Hondo ; while in a south-westerly direction, where it belongs, 13 
« C. Baixo."* 

In 1613 Champlain published his work, but paid no attention to Gos- 
nold. He does not even mention him. The Dutch " Figurative map " of 
1614, first shows Cape Cod fairly delineated, but the map remained unpub- 
lished until recent times. The English surveys are not indicated, though 
French names translated into Dutch are taken from Lescarbot and Cham- 
plain. This map represents genuine work by the Dutch, who examined 
the cape carefully, and called Plymouth Harbor " Crane Bay."| On this 
map Cape Cod is " Staten hoeck," and Sandy Hook is " Saudpunt." " C. 
Mallebarre " is attached to tlie shoals out at sea. 

Cape Cod does not appear in any published map as Cape Cod until Sir 
William Alexander publishes! his map in 1624. This map does not include 
the res;ion of Sandy Hook, though the Bay of Fundv is called " ArgaFs 
Bay."$ The map of New England made by the English, however, did not 
prove very serviceable to some navigators. When off the Cape, in 1005, 
Waymouth's chronicler says, H We found our sea charts very false, putting 
land where none is."§ Gosnold, it would appear, did not improve the car- 
tology. Though Smith directed Hudson to search in latitude 40° N., on 
this point he is very emphatic, saying : 

" I have had six or seauen plats of those Northern parts, so vnlike each to 
other, and most so differing from any true proportion, or resemblance of 
the Countrey, as they did me no more good, then so much waste paper, 
though they cost me more."j| Smith, in his own map, published in 1616, 
calls the Cape " Cape James." 

The Mercator of Hondius, in 1619, ignored the explorations of Gosnold 
and Champlain, but they put the ancient Baxos in its proper place west of 
the Penobscot, Hondius thus correcting his master, while " C. Hondo" is 
applied to the region of the Bay of Fundy. The latitudes on this map cor- 
respond with Mereator's of 1569, and dissent from those of Wytfiiet and 
Magnin, which put Claudia near 44° W. Another map from Hondius, 
given by Purchas in 1625, corresponds with the representation of Baxos in 
1619. In the same volume Purchas gives a map of New England, which 
was an improvement upon Alexander's, and with Cape Cod well delineated 
in the modern way, and with its present name.1T 

* " Histoire Vniverselle des Indes Occidentals, " &c. A Dovay : Chez Francois Fabri. 
L'an 1611, p. 95. 

f This was probably the work of Be Witt and Volckertsen, 'of " the Little Fox" and 
"the Crane," in 1613. Brodhead's "New York," p. 46 and 757. O'Callaghan's "New 
York," vol. L, and Doc. Hist. N. York, i. 13. 

I Encouragements, p. 216. 

$ Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. p. 131. It may be observed here, that De Bry, in 1619 and 
1624, has maps without Cape Cod. ' 

|| Smith, in his Description of New England, London, 1616, after speaking of the work 
of Gosnold, "Wa3'mouth and others, says, " I must entreat them to pardon me ... if 
I offend in saving that their true descriptions are concealed, or neuer well observed, or died 
with the Authors : so that this Coast is yet still but euen as a Coast vnknowne and vndis- 
couered." Boston reprint, p. 22. 

If Pilgrimes, iii. 857-53, and vol. iv. j>. 1873. In the answers found in the " One Hundred 
Prize Questions" (Montreal, 1880), ihe name of the Bay of Fundy is incorrectly deduced 
from " Fond de la Baie Franooise." See " Verrazaco the Explorer," p. 38. 



1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. 59 

Coming to the year 1033, we find that the Mercator of Hondius dismisses 
Baxos to the limbo of geographical antiquities. The word had done its 
work for the time, and Gosnold's term, " Cape Cod," superseded all other 
names. Nevertheless, "Cabo de Baxos" is now drawn out of its obscu- 
rity and sent forth into the world to perform a duty too long delayed, and 
to witness to the honorable and adventurous activity of men who braved 
the danger of Yerrazano's " sirtis " half a century before Bartholomew 
Gosnold coasted our rugged shores- 



THE DESCENT OF MARGAKET LOCKE, THIRD WIFE OF 
DEPUTY GOVERNOR FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY. 

By Col. JosF.ru L. Chester, LL.D m of London, England. 

[In the Register for January, 1876, was printed an account of 
the Willoughby family, by Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New- 
York, who gives, among other notes from the will of Margaret, the 
third wife of Deputy Governor Willoughby, the following, viz. : 
that she left '' to her sister Elizabeth Loch £100, due her out of 
rents in England." This sentence, meeting the eve of Col. Chester 
of London, threw a flood of light upon what had long been a gene- 
alogical mystery to him. In working out the family history of 
Mr. P. A. Taylor, M.P. for Leicester, his intimate friend, and a 
warm friend to the United States, descended from Daniel Taylor, 
a wealthy merchant oi' London, a great Cromwellian, and one of 
the Commissioners of Customs during the Commonwealth, Col. 
Chester found that Daniel Taylor married a second wife named 
Margaret ; and after many years he discovered that she was a daugh- 
ter of William Lock, of Wimbledon, Surrey, Gent., and found rea- 
son to suppose, from some of the family papers, that she had re-mar- 
ried a Willoughby. The sentence above quoted from Margaret 
Willoughby's will gave the needed clew, and opened a place for her 
in the Lock pedigree, which CdL Chester had already drawn up, 
including "all the Locks who ever lived in England." The follow- 
ing abstract of these researches of our learned fellow-countryman was 
kindly sent by him to Mrs. Salisbury, wife of Prof. Edward E. 
Salisbury, of Xew Haven ; and is by her contributed to the Reg- 
ister, with some few notes added by her husband. Mrs. Salisbury 
is a lineal descendant, both o^ the side of her father Judge Mc- 
Curdy, and that of her mother Sarah Ann Lord, of Lyme, Conn., 
from Gov. Willoughby by his ihird wife Margaret, through their 
daughter Susannah, wife of Nathaniel Lynde, of Saybrook, Conn., 
a brother of the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, of Massa- 
chusetts. 

The paper here published, while interesting to a wide family-cir- 
cle, cannot fail also to attract the notice of students of our colo- 






CO Slargaret Locke, wife of Gov. WilloiigJiby . [Jan. 

nial history, to whom the name of Gov. Trilloughby must have be- 
come familiar. Col. Chester's authorship will give it additional 
value for comparison with the rr Historical Account of the Locke 
Family in England," reprinted from the * f Gentleman's Magazine '" 
for 1792, Vol. 62, which is appended to the f Book of the Lockes r 
by John Goodwin Locke, a member of the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society, published at Boston in 1853. Prof. Salisbury's 
notes give some additional details respecting certain persons of 
the name in England, drawn from this last named work, and point 
out a difference or two between the two statements. But Col. Ches- 
ter's paper will be found distinguished by a completeness and tho- 
roughness, genealogically considered, beyond comparison with the 
older account.] 

I. Willi am Locke (Lock. Lok, or Loke, as the name was indifferently 

spelt in early times) bad two sons, viz., John Locke, citizen and mercer of 
London, who died in 1519. leaving no issue, and 

~ « — ■ 

II. Thomas Locke, also citizen and mercer of London, who died in loO/. 
By his wife Joanna Wilcocks, of Rotheram. co. York, who died in 1512, and 
was buried with her husband in Mercer's Chapel, he had an only son, viz., 

III. Sir William Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born 
about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the end of his 
apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business and estate, 
and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. He received the royal ap- 
pointment of Mercer to King Henry YIIL. with whom he was an especial 
favorite,* having a key to the King's Private Chamber, and occasionally 
entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There are records 
in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal household, in- 
cluding Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Eliza- 
beth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being several years 
an alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and was knighted 
on the 3d of October in that year, but died before it was his turn to become 
Lord Mayor. 

Sir \\ illiam Locke married four wives : 

1st. Alice, daughter of a citizen and fishmonger of London named 
Spencer, who has not yet been identified. She died in 1522, and was 
buried in Mercers' Chapel. 

2d. Catherine, daughter of William Cooke, of Salisbury. She died in 
childbed other eleventh child (Sir William's twentieth) 11 Oct., 1537, 
and was buried at Merton. in Surrey. 

3d. Eleanor, widow of Walter Marsh. They were married at St. Law- 
rence, Old Jewry. London, 13 May. 1510, her first husband having 
been buried there the preceding 20th of January. She died in 1516, 
having had no issue. 

4th. Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith, citizen and mercer of Lon- 

* In the 2.3th rear of Henry VIII., William Locke "undertook to so over to Dunkirk 
and pull down the pope's bull which hv\ 1-een there posted up by way of a curse to the 
Rin^and kingdom. For this exploit the Kinsr granted him a freehold of £100. per annum, 
du bbed him knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of *his privy chamber." 'I lie 
cre>t— " A hand ppr. holding up a cushion or"— given by Burke to the Lockes, with the 
shield described by Col. Chester at the end of this paper, probably symbolizes this ex- 
ploit as an upholding of the Protestant pulpit. 



1881.] Margaret Ziocke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. 61 

don, and formerly wife of Hutton. Their marriage-license was 

granted 28 January. 1547-8, her husband Meredith having been bu- 
ried at St. Lawrence, Jewry, 9 Jan.. 1546-7. She survived Sir W il- 
liam Locke, having no issue by him, and was buried in Mercers' 
Chapel, London, 5 Dec, 1551. The curious feature of this marriage 
was that she was the second wife and widow of Sir William Locke's 
own son-in-law, Robert Meredith having first married a daughter of 
Sir "William by his first wife, as will be seen hereafter. 
Sir William Locke died at the age of about 64, on the 24th, and was 
buried in Mercers' Chapel 27 August, 1550. (In the " Diary of Henry 
Machyn," published by the Camden Society, will be found an account of his 
burial, at page 1, and at page 12 an imperfect one of that of his last wife.) 

By his second wife, Catherine Cook, Sir William Locke had eleven child- 
ren, viz., Dorothy, Catherine. John. Alice, Thomazin, Francis and a sec- 
ond John, of none of whom is there anything of particular interest to re- 
cord. The first two married tradesmen in Loudon, and the others died 
without issue. 

Elizabeth, one of the daughters, married, first, Richard Hill, citizen and 
mercer of London, and second, after his death in 1568, the Right Rev. 
Nicholas Bullingham, Bishop of Worcester. By her first husband she had 
thirteen children, one of whom. Mary, married Sir Thomas Moundeford, 
and was mother of Bridget, who married Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench. 

Rose, another of the daughters, married, first, Anthony Hickman, of Loc- 
don, Esq., and second, Simon Throckmorton, of Brampton, co. Hunting- 
ton, Esq. By her first husband she was ancestress of the Earls of Ely- 
mouth, their grandson Dixie Hickman having married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Henry, fifth Lord Windsor, and had a son Thomas, who suc- 
ceeded his uncle (by limitation of the patent) as seventh Lord Windsor, 
and was created Earl of Plymouth. 6 Dec, 1682. The title became ex- 
tinct only on the death of the eighth Earl, 8 Dec, 1843.* 

Of the sons,t Michael Locke became a merchant of eminence in London, 
and was twice married : first, to Joane, daughter of William Wilkinson, 
Sheriff of London, and second, to Margery, widow of Dr. Cfesar Adelmare, 
by whom she was the mother of the celebrated Sir Julius Cassar. Michael 

* This daughter of Sir "William Locke, in certain "memoires" originally inserted in a 
family Bible, and long carefully preserved in the female line of her descendants, " says that 
in the tyine of her first husband, Anthony Hickman, after the death of Edward the Sixth, 
Queen Mary changinge the relligion, her husband and her elder brother Thomas Lock, be- 
inge merchants and partner^, they lined to geather and sheltred manie of the godlie 
preachers in theire house ; but the Queen inioyninge all to come to mass, and persecutinge 
the refusers, they were forced to let them goe. gluing them monie ; she mentions Hooper, 
Fox, Knox, and one Reinger for which her husband and brother beinge questioned before 
the commissioners (she calls them high commissioners) were committed close prisoner- to 
the Fleete, and then shee tells how they gott out ; . . . . after which she says her husband 
went to Antwerpe, tooke a house there at 40 pounds rent, sent for her, but she being with 
child conld not goe, but went into Oxfordshire to a gentleman's house . . . wher she was 
deliuered ; names not the child . . . but says the went to Cranmer. Latimer and Itidiie, 
prisoners then in Oxford, to know whether she might christen her child in the Popish man- 
ner. They answered her that baptisme was the k-a^t corrupted in that church, and there- 
fore she might . . . but she says she put sugar instead of salt into the handkercher which 
was to be deliuered vnto the priest, after which she went to Antwerpe to her husband, left 
2 houses of her husband's, well furnished, one in London, another at Rumford, taking noe- 
thing but one feather bed " . . . etc. 

t This is in conformity with the statement of the " Gentleman's Magazine," and not with 
that of the author of the " Book of the Lockes," who conjectured that this Michael was a 
brother rather than a son of ^ir William. From Michael was descended, in the fourth 
generation, the philosopher John Loc«;e, born Aug. 29, 1C32. 

VOL. XXXV. 6* 



62 Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

Locke had by his first wife five sons and three daughters, the eldest of 
whom, Zachary Locke, Esq.. died in 1603, being then Member of Parlia- 
ment for the Borough of Southwark. 

The interesting fact in the history of Michael Locke is that he was the 
original patron of the celebrated Sir Martin Frobisher in his earliest expe- 
ditions.* He was living as late as 1611. 

The other son, Henry Locke, was also a citizen and merchant of London. 
He married Anne Vaughan, and had issue a daughter Anne, who married 
Robert Movie, of Cornwall, whose descendants intermarried with the St. 
Aubyns and Prideauxs. among the best families in that county ; and two 
sons, viz., Michael, to whom the historian Hakluyt left a legacy in his will ; 
and Henry Locke (or Lok). a poet of some note in his day, an edition of 
whose scarce productions was issued in 1871 by the Rev. Dr. Grosart 
(nearly the whole of the biographical introduction to which I had the plea- 
sure of furnishing, and which upset all the conjectures and theories of 
previous wi iters). 

We now return to the children of Sir William Locke bv his first wife. 
Alice Spencer, who were nine in number, eight sons and one daughter, viz. : 

William, Peter. Richard, and William, the first, second, fourth and 
fifth sons, all died in infancy or childhood, before their mother. Philip, the 
seventh son, died in 1524. unmarried. Edmund, the sixth son, lived until 
1545, but died unmarried. One of the old heralds added to the entry in 
one of the visitation-pedigrees : " He died for love of Sir Brian Take's 
daughter." 

Matthew Locke, the eighth son and youngest child, but second surviving, 
was a citizen and mercer of London, and married Elizabeth Baker, by 
whom he had an onlv daughter Elizabeth, who married Richard Candler. 
Esq., and had an onlv daughter Anne, who married Sir Ferdinando Hey- 
borne, Kt., one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to Queen Eliza- 
beth. Matthew Locke died in 1552. 

Joane (or Jane, for she is called both), the only daughter, married Rob- 
ert Meredith, citizen and mercer of London, who, after her death, remar- 
ried Elizabeth Hutton. widow, who in turn, after his death, remarried Sir 
William Locke, father of his first wife. From this Robert Meredith and 
Jane Locke descends the present Earl of Romney, through their daughter 
Mary, who married Richard Springham, whose daughter Magdalen mar- 
ried Thomas Marsham, whose son was Sir John Marsham, Baronet, whose 
grandson was created Lord Romney in 1716, whose grandson was created 
Earl of Romney in 1801. 

We return now to the third son. but eldest and only surviving child, of 
Sir William Locke, by Alice Spencer, his first wife, viz. : 

IV. Thomas Locke, who was born on the 8th of February. 15 LI— 15, 
and became, like his fathers, a citizen and mercer of London. He mairied, 

* In the Cottonhn Library is a MS. written by this Michael Locke, in which lie says that 
at the age of thirteen " he was s ent over the sea_-> to Flanders and France, to learn their 
languages, and to know the world, since which time he has continued these 32 years to tra- 
vel in body and mind, following his vocation in the trade of merchandize, passing through 
many countries, had the ch irye of and captain of a great ship of mere than 1000 ton-, three 
years in divers voyages; and that he ha- more than 200 sheets of MSS. of his travels." 

Hakluyt's Voyages contain a " Hi-tory of Sir Martyn Frobishere's Voyage for the Dis- 
covery of a Passage towards Cathay, in l-'74, written by Michael Locke, Locke himself 
beint,' a great adventurer therein :" and Hakluyt speaks thus of the map: "The rri^ppe is 
ma-ter Michael Locke's, a man for his knowledge in divers languages, and especially in 
cosmographie, able to do his country good, and worthy in my judgment, for the manifolds 
good partes in him, of good reputation and better fortune." 



1881.] Margaret Locke, ivife of Gov, Wllloughby. 63 

19 Jan., 15 44-5, at St. Peter's, Cheapside, London, Mary, daughter of 
Simon Long, of the Isle of Wight, who, after his death, remarried Dr. 
Owen, and subsequently Sir William Allen, Kt, Alderman of London. In 
1552-3 he obtained from King Edward VI. a grant of the Rectory of Mer- 
ton, co. Surrey, which remained in the family for about one hundred years, 
when it was sold.* His line had their residence during this period at Mer- 
ton Abbey, some members of it, however, continuing in business in London. 
He died at his London house, which was in Walbrook, and was buried in 
Mercers' Chapel, 30 Oct., 1556. His issue were five sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz., William, Rowland, Matthew, John, Thomas, Mary and Anne, 
some of whom died before their father, and of the others no subsequent 
trace has been found, except the third son, viz. : 

V. Matthew Locke, who, as eldest (and probably only) surviving son, 
succeeded to the estate at Merton. He was born about 1558. He mar- 
ried Margaret, third daughter of his stepfather, Sir William Allen (his 
mother's third husband) by his first wife Joan, daughter of John Daborne, 
of Guildford, co. Surrey. He died in June, 1599, as "Matthew Locke, 
Esquire, of Merton," and was buried with his fathers in Mercers' Chapel, 
London. His widow remarried Sir Thomas Muschampe, Kt., of London, 
and of Mitcham, co. Surrey, whom she also survived. She died 25 Aug., 
1624, and was buried with her first husband in Mercers' Chapel. 

Their issue were as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, who succeeded to the estate at Merton, which he sold in 1646. 

He died about February, 1656-7, leaving a widow Jane and several children. 

2. Robert Locke, who continued the business in London, where he died. He was 

buried at St. Alphage, 9 Sept.. 1625, and appended to the entry of his burial 
in the Parish Register are the descriptive words "a good parishioner.'' 
By his wife Elizabeth, who was living his widow as late a> 1617, he had 
four sons and three daughters, viz., Matthew, William, Robert, Thomas. 
Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret, of whom Thomas and Margaret died btt'ore 
their father, and William died before 1647. At this last date Matthew and 
Robert were still living, the former being then a citizen and scrivener of 
London, as also Mary, married to Hugh Justice, and Elizabeth, married to 
Edward Mason. 

3. Francis Locke, who was living in 1599, but of whom I find no later trace. 

4. William Locke, of whom hereafter. 

5. Mary, who was still living in 16-23, wife of Edward Thrille. 

6. Elizabeth, who was living in 1599, but died unmarried before 1623. 

7. Anne, who died unmarried between 13 April and 23 May, 1623, and directed 

in her will to be buried in Mercers' Chapel. 

The fourth son of Matthew Locke and Margaret Allen, viz. : 

VI. William Locke, was sometime of Merton, and afterwards of Wim- 
bledon, co. Surrey, his condition, as near as I can make out, being that of 
a country-gentleman in comfortable circumstances. He married Susanna, 
one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger Cole, of St. Saviour's, South- 
wick, co. Surrey, Gentleman, one of the Proctors of the Court of Arches. 
In 1623, the date of the Heralds' Visitation, they had only a daughter 
Mary living, from which it is evident that the marriage had taken place not 
very long before. This daughter Mary probably died young, as she was 
not named in her father's will, which was made 10 June, 1661, and of which 
the following is a full abstract : 

« 

* Merton estates seem to have been held by members of the Locke family at an earlier 
period, perhaps even as early as 1291, certainly in 1499. The author of"" Book of the 
Lockes " hays he thinks " it is evident that they belonged to the Lockes before 1552, as the 
ec-eoud wife of Sir William Locke was buried there. Oct. 14, 1537, and Sir William himseif 
In laoO." 






64 Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

I, William Lock, of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Gentleman — As to the houses in 
St. Saviour's, Southwark, given and bequeathed by my father in law Mr. Roger 
Cole to Susanna my wife and her children, whereas there is an agreement between 
my children that said houses shall remain to such of them as I and their mother 
8hall appoint, on condition of my settling on the rest of them portions of a greater 
value than the divisions of said houses would amount to, which portions I have 
made good to my three eldest daughters, Hannah, Susannah and Margaret, whom 
I have bestowed in marriage, and whereas I shall lease an estate in land for Tho- 
mas my son, and provide otherwise for Elizabeth my daughter, 1 now appoint that 
five brick tenements, and another known formerly as the Gaden House, all on the 
ground given by Mr. Roger Cole as aforesaid, shall remain to my daughter Sarah 
Lock and her heirs forever, and the two other houses in said parish, next the 
Thames, in tenure of Mr. Robert Bowes, I give to my daughter Jane Lock and 
her heirs forever — To my wife Susanna 4 brick tenements, called Beane Acre, in 
Lambeth, co. Surrey, she giving £200 thereout to my daughter Elizabeth — To the 
poor of Wimbledon, £3 — All residue to my wife, whom I appoint my executrix. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 7 June? 
1664, by Susanna Lock, relict and executrix. She was still living 25 Oct., 
1670, when she proved the will of her daughter Jane, after which I have 
failed to find any further trace of her. All that I have been able to ascer- 
tain concerning their children is as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, only son, who was still living 19 March, 1669-70, with two 

children, ilenry and Susanna. 

2. Mary, who, as we have seen, evidently died young. 

3. Hannah, who married, before her father's will, Thomas Bragne. Both were 

living 1669-70. 

4. Susanna, who married at Wimbledon, Surrey, 8 Oct., 1657, the Rev. James 

Stephenson, then the Puritan Vicar of Martock, in Somersetshire, who was 
ejected in 1662 (see an account of him in Palmer's " Nonconformists' Memo- 
rial," ii. 371), to whom she was second wife. She was buried at Martock, 
25 April, 1662, leaving two daughters, Susanna and Mary, who were both 
living in 1669-70. 

5. Margaret, of whom hereafter. 

6. Elizabeth, who was still unmarried at the date of her sister Margaret's will, 

21 Aug., 1680. 

7. Sarah, who was living unmarried in 1661, but evidently died before 19 March, 

1669-70, as she was not named in the will of her sister Jane. 

8. Jane, who died unmarried. She made her will 19 March, 1669-70, as of Wim- 

bledon, Surrey, "one of the daughters of William Locke, Gentleman, de- 
ceased." The following is a full abstract of it : 

To my dear and honourable mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, £20 — To my 
brother Mr. Thomas Locke £10. — To my sister Mrs. Hannah Bragne £20-^- 
to my sister Mrs. Margaret Willoughby £10. — To my sister Mrs. Elizabeth 
Locke £20 — To Francis and Susanna the two children of my sister Wil- 
loughby each 50 shillings — To Susanna and Henry Locke, the children of my 
brother, and to Susanna and Mary, the children of my sister Stephenson, 
each 20 shillings — To the poor £5, at the discretion of my brother Mr. Tho- 
mas Bragne — To the poor of Wimbledon 40 shillings — All residue to my 
mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, and I make her my executrix. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 25 Oct., 
1670, by the executrix. 

I have searched every possible source for the wills of the mother Su- 
sanna, and Thomas the son, in vain, and, as they were not named by Mar- 
garet Willoughby in her will, the presumption is that they died before her. 

We now return to the fourth daughter and fifth child of William Locke 
and Susanna Cole, viz. : 

VII. Margaret Locke. She was first married at Clapham, co. Surrey, 
8 August, 1654, to Daniel Taylor, a wealthy citizen and haberdasher of 
London, descended from an ancient family in Huntingtonshire, ancestor of 



1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. G5 

Peter Alfred Taylor, Esq., for many years and still M.P. for Leicester. 
She was Mr. Taylor's second wife, he having buried his first on the [-re- 
ceding 3d of February. He settled upon her a considerable jointure, 
and died within a year after the marriage, being buried in London on 
the 20th of April, 16-55. She had no issue by him. She remarried, proba- 
bly in London (exactly when or where it is impossible to ascertain, 
owing to the deficiencies and irregularities in parish-registers at this 
precise period), certainly as early as 1659, Francis Willoughby, Esq., who 
had been some years in New England, but had returned to England, and 
was one of the two members for the borough of Portsmouth in the last 
Parliament of the Commonwealth, which assembled on the 27th of January, 
1658-0, and was dissolved on the 2 2d of April following. In the parish- 
register of St. Olave, Hart Street, London, is an entrv that their son 
Francis was born 29 Feb., 1659-60. They shortly after emigrated to New 
England, and the rest of their history must there be sought. 

The maternal descent of Margaret Locke-Taylor- Willoughby was as 
follows : 

T. William Cole, of Hittisleigh, co. Devon, livina 1243. whose heir, 
II. Roger Cole, was of Chumleigh, in the same county, and was living as 
late as 1301, in which year he is supposed to have been slain in an ex- 
pedition against the Scots, as also his son and heir 

III. Roger Cole, whose son and heir 

IV. John Cole was summoned to represent the county of Devon in Parliament 

in 1323-4, and was living in 1341. His son and heir 

V. Sir John Cole, of Brixham, was in the military service, and was knighted 

on the field, in France, 25 July, 1380. He married Anne, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Nicholas Bodrigan, Kt., of Gorrans, in Cornwall, by whom 
he had issue 

VI. Sir William Cole, Kt., who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry 

Beau pell, Kt.. and was lather of 

VII. Sir John Cole, Kt., who attended the Duke of Gloucester at the battle of 
Agincourt, 25 Oct., 1415, and is supposed to have then received his knight- 
hood. By his wife Agnes, daughter of Sir Fitzwarine, Kt., he had 

four sons, of whom the third, 
\ III. William Cole, had two sons, the younger of whom, 
IX. William Cole, was father of 

X. John Cole, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk. (Thus far the descent is from the 
elaborate pedigree drawn up in 1630 by William Segar, Garter King of 
Arms. What follows is in the outline from the Heralds' Visitations, but 
elaborated from my own researches.) He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Martyn, by whom he had five sons. Our line is through the 
second son, viz. 

XL William Cole, of Sudbury, who married Catalina, daughter of Ferdinando 
de Gallegos, a Spaniard of noble extraction, by whom he had two sons, 
the eldest of whom died without issue, when the second became heir, viz. 

XII. Roger Cole, of St. Saviour's, Southwark, co. Surrey, who signed the Visi- 
tation-pedigree of lfi23, naming his wife as Anne, daughter of Edward 
Maisters, of Rotherhithe, co. Surrey ; his sons Roger, Roger (the second) 
and John, as all dead without issue ; and his three daughters, viz., Eliza- 
beth, married to William Plaud, of London; Catalina, then unm. ; and 
XIII. Susanna, then wife of William Lock, oj Merton, co. Surrey. 

It will be seen, therefore, that, Susanna Cole being a coheiress, her hus- 
band William Locke was entitled to impale her arms, which are — Argent, 
a bull passant gules, armed Or, within a bordure sable bezantee. 

The arms of Locke are — Per fesse azure and or, in chief 3 falcons volant 
of the second. 

It follows, also, that the descendants of Francis Willoujjhbv and Mar- 
garet Locke, who are entitled to bear arms, have the right to quarter these 
two coats. 

London, 21 Feb., 1880. 



66 Letters of Gov. /Shirley and Col. Moulton. [Jan. 



LETTERS OF GOV. WILLIAM SHIRLEY AND COL. JERE- 
MIAH MOULTON, 1744. 

Communicated by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

I SEND for the Register another letter of Gov. Shirley to Col. 
Pepperrell {ante, xxxiv. 3S4). The Hon. Jeremiah Moulton, 
who siu'ns the letter enclosing it, was colonel of the Third Massa- 
chusetts Regiment (see Register, xxiv. 371). An account of 
Judp/e Hill, to whom Moulton's letter is addressed, will be found in 
this periodical, xii. 263. 

Boston April 19 th , 1744. 

Sr. These are to Direct vou forthwith to Send out Your Orders to the 
Several Commanders of the Military Companies in the Regiment under 
your Command to take a perfect List of all persons in their District obliged 
by Law to appear under Arms upon any Alarm and to take Effectual Care 
that all Such persons 6c all others be Compleatly furnished with Arms & Am- 
munition according to the Directions of the Law; And Transmit to You the 
Lists so taken as also an acco 1 how they lind the persons within their Com- 
panies provided. And thereupon You do as Soon as may be make out a 
List of the Companies in Your Regiment — Expressing the names of the 
Commission officer only and the number of the whole ; and also that You 
Report to me in what Condition the Companies Generally are as to Arms 
& Ammunition — And that vou take an acco t from the Selectmen of each 
Town in Your Regiment of their Town Stock of Arms <$c Ammunition and 
Examin them by Law and Your Lists & Inform me Immediately Particu- 
larly as to each Town how far they are Conformable to the Law in that 
Case. Yr. friend & Servant 

W. Shirley. 

To Coll William Pepperrell. 



Kittery May 14 th 1744. 
Dear Sr. 

The above is a Copy of a Letter I Received but last Friday from the 
Govern'. I would have you forthwith to Send the Same to Berwick and 
Direct each Cap' Immediately to comply with said orders and to send me a 
list of their men and how they are provided with arms & ammunition both 
the men and the Town for a Stock. I have Directed Maj° Shapleigh to 
Inquire into this Town and Do you for York and be sure to Dispatch the 
inclosed Letters forthwith. 

Cap 1 Edward Tyng Commander of the Province Galley called me out 
of my Bed last night about 12 of the Clock and Shewed me a Letter from 
Govern 1 " Shirley that Directed him to proceed Directly to Annapolis Royal 
with a letter to Maj or Malcoreane in a Letter that the Govern" writ to Cap* 
Tyng he saith that War was proclaimed with France. I every minute 
expect a Letter from the Govern' of the same Contents which when I re- 
ceive you shall know. 



1881.] The Atherton Family in England. 67 

My Desire is to meet you at Berwick Tomorrow morning. If you think 
it will not be safe to go to Phillips Town without the Troop with their 
Pistols & Guns you may give Cap* Shapleigh orders to meet us accordingly. 

I am your assured Friend & Serv't 

Jer. Moulton. 
To the Hou ble John Hill Esq r . 



THE ATHERTON FAMILY IN ENGLAND. 

Communicated by John C. J. Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

ri^HE county palatine of Lancaster has always been distinguished for its 
J_ ancient families whose names were the same as their manorial estates ; 
some of the old families of New England were branches of them, as Stand- 
ish of Standish of which Duxbury was originally a part (represented by 
Myles Standish, Plymouth) ; Atherton of Atherton (represented by 
Humphrey and James Atherton, Dorchester and Milton) ; Mawdesley of 
Mawdesley (represented by John and Henry Mawdesley of Dorchester), 
whose descendants in New England changed their name to Moseley. Some- 
times it is said that the existence of a mythical ancestor is never questioned, 
if he is stated to have been located within Lancashire in a location corres- 
ponding in name with his own. as " Simon Browne of Browne Hall/' which 
is literally giving ik to airv nothing a local habitation and a name."* 

The Record Society of Lancashire has commenced the publication of 
ancient records, which will be of great assistance in connecting our ancestrv, 
who emigrated from that county, with the long pedigrees of the line of 
eldest sons and immediate collateral relatives which have previously been 
published by the Chetham Society. 

The extract given below may refer to the Major Gen. Humphrey Ather- 
ton, who, upon his way home to Dorchester, after a review of the troops on 
Boston Common, Sept. 17, 1661, was killed by being thrown from his horse, 
w T hich stumbled over a cow lying in the road. 

" Inquisition taken at Wia;an, 18 January, 1 1th James — 1013-14, before Edward 
Rigbye, Esq., Escheator, after the death of Edmund Atherton of Winstanley, by 
oath of Robert Markland of Wigan, Gentleman, and the other jurors named in the 
previous inquisition, who say that the said Edmund was seised of a messuage m 
Billindge and 4 acres of arable land, 4 acres of meadow and 6 acres of pasture there- 
to belonging, which are held of Richard Fleetwood, Knt. and Bart, as his Barony 
of Newton, in free and common socage by fealty and a pepper-corn rent, and are 
worth per annum (clear) 20s. 

" Edmund Atherton died 10 April last (1613) ; Humphrey Atherton, his son and 
next heir is aged at the time of taking this Inquisition 4 years and 3 months or 
there abouts." 

This inquisition merely indicates the lands held under the semi-feudal sys- 
tem which prevailed over a great part of this county ; he may have owned 
absolutely in Winstanley other real estate, and probably did, that town 
being designated as his home. Both of these towns were in the parish of 
Wigan ; Winstanley is described as fertile and picturesque ; Billinge cover- 
ed a very large area, and was divided into two townships. About the year 
1720 a square stone building, known as the Beacon, was erected upon the 

* No sneh place as " Browne Hall " is known to the antiquaries of Lancashire. See Local 
Gleanings of Lancashire and Cheshire, vol. ii. p. 2 f J3. 



OS The Atherlon Family in England. [Jan. 

highest elevation of Billinge " as a sea mark ;" it commands a view not 
only over the Irish Sea to a very great extent, but expands over sixteen 
different counties. The whole face of the country has been greatly changed 
by the mining and quarrying operations; the best cannel coal and material 
for scythe stones being obtained here. 

Liverpool, at the mouth of the Mersey, is the S. W. boundary of Lanca- 
shire. Following the coast-line of the Irish Sea twenty miles north, is the 
River Kibble ; if a line is then struck eastward fifteen miles and from this 
point southward to Manchester, then following the River to Liverpool, an 
area is embraced rich in coal-mines, quarries of useful stones, cotton manu- 
factories and iron works. Through the central part of this territory the 
Atherton family had immense possessions, which were accumulated by mar- 
rying heiresses, until it became one of the richest families of the great com- 
moners of England. 

The town of Atherton is ten miles north-west of Manchester. Here the 
family originated, and 

Robert 1 de Atherton lived in the time of King John, 1190-1216.* 
He was the Shreave (High Sheriff) of the County, and held the Manor of 
Atherton of the Barons of Warrington ; his son 

William 2 de Atherton held the manors of Atherton and Pennington, 
1251. Nicholas, a cadet of the family, m. after 1327, Jane, daa. of Adam de 
Bickers taff and heiress of that family ; Margaret Atherton, their descendant and 
heiress, m. James the heir of the ancient and wealthy Scarisbrick family ; 
their only dau. Eliz'h m. Peter Stanley of Bickerstaffe ; their only dau. and 
heiress m. Henry Stanley of A ugh ton, a descendant of the first Earl of Der- 
by, and in this line the title is now vested. 

William 3 Atherton (William 2 ) of Atherton, 1312, had wife Agnes, 
1339. Children: Henry*; Alexander •, m. and had children William? Ag- 
nes? Margerie i ; Margaret* m. Otho de Halsall. 

Henry 4 Atherton of Atherton, 1316-30, m. Agnes .... 1387; had 
Richard. 6 1333. and 

Sir William 5 Atherton of Atherton, Knight, 1351; m. first, Jane, 
dau. of William and sister of Sir Raphe Moberly, Kt. ; m. second, Mar- 
gerie, a widow, 1300. He obtained permission of the bishop of Lichfield 
to have divine services within his manors. The parish church of Leigh 
stands in both townshios of Pennington and West Leigh ; it is built of 
stone, and consists of a nave, side aisles and towers, with galleries on the 
North and West sides. There are two private chapels included in the 
edifice, Tidesleys to the North and the Athertons to the South. The Ath- 
ertons have a family vault within theirs, and some escutcheons hang there. 
Arms (entered in the Visitation of Sir William Dugdale, Norroy King of 
Arms, 1G01-5): Gules, three sparrow-hawks, argent. Crest: a swan, 
argent. Another Crest: on a perch a hawk belled, proper. By first 
wife, William 5 had — 

Sir William 6 Atherton, Kt. 1381, died 1116; his wife was Agnes, 
sole d.iu. and heiress to Raphe Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke, 1397-1 107. 
They had Raphe, 7 1418 : he m. Alice . . . .; Kathirine, m. to Robert de Long- 
ley, he not 10 years of age ; and 

Sir William 7 Atherton, Knight; m. first Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John 
Pilkinton, Kt., 1 100 ; m. second, Elinor. Children by first wife: Marga- 
ret? m. John Button, of Hatton, co. Cest, 1121-M54, and 

* All the dates given are from muniments presented to Sir William Dugdale, Norroy; 
in corroboration of the pedigree, not necessarily of births, deaths, or marriages. 



1881.] The At her ton Family in England. 69 

Sir William 8 Atheutox. Kt., d. before 1441 ; m. Margaret, dan. of 
Sir John Byron, Knight : they had Kickolas.* William* (eldest son m. Isa- 
bel Balderston) died s. p. ; Margaret, m. 14G0, John Ireland. Esq., of the 
Hut and Hale ; and 

John 9 Athertox. Esq.. d. 1508; he ra. Joh. dau. of John Warren of 
Poynton, co. Cest. 146*3 : thev had 

George ° Athertox, b. 1487 ; m. first, Anne. dan. of Richard Ashton, 
of Midclleton, 1508 : rn. second. Anne. dau. to Sir Thomas Butler ; by 
second wife he had dau. Anne. 11 m. Thomas Leland ; by first wife 

Sir John 11 Athertox, Knight, b. 1514; m. first, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Alexander Ratcliiie, Kt.. from whom he was divorced : m. second, 
Margaret, fourth dau. and coheir of Thomas Caterall of Caterall, 1566. The 
Visitation of 1533 recorded the first marriage and entered the Arm? — no crest 
was then in use by the family. He died in 1573. having been High Sheriff 
of Lancashire under t ! :ive sovereigns, in vears 1551. 1555. and 1561, and 
commander of the Military Hundred. 1553. His children, all by his sec- 
ond wife, were: Margaret: 12 Elizabeth. 13 d. young; Elizabeth, 1 - m. Henry 
Bulmer; Richard 1 ' (second sou) ; William 12 (third son), and 

John 12 Athertox, Esq.. b. 1550; High Sheriff, 1583: m. first, Eliza- 
beth, dau. to Sir John Byron. Kt. ; m. second, Katharine, dau. and coheir- 
ess of John. Lord Conyers, of Hornby Castle ; by the second wife, who d. 
8 March, 1022, he had John 13 Athertox of Skeltox, heir to his mother ; 
by the first wife, beside Elizabeth.™ who m. James Browne, and Rachel 1 * 
d. s. p. 1643, he had another sou — 

John 13 Athertox of Athertox, Esq., buried 23 May, 1617 ; m. first, 
Gysmund, dau. to Henry Butler of Eawelifre : m. second, dau. to Raphe 
Calvely of co. Cest.. by whom he had Richard 1 ' 1 Athertox of Coowbent, 
in Atherton ; by first "wife he had 

John 14 Atherton of Atherton. Esq., died 1646: m. Eiianor, dau. of 
Sir Thomas Ireland of Beausev. Kt. They had : sons. 1. Thomas 15 ; 
II. George 15 : IV. William; V. Ireland; VI.' Thomas ; VII. Raphe ; and 
daughters Margaret}' m. John Bradshaw of Bradshaw; Eleanor? m. 
Robert Clayton of Fulwood ; and Anne , lb beside son 

John 15 Atherton of Atherton. Esq., Hi<rh Sheriff of Lancashire, died 
1655 ; m. Mary, dau. to Richard Bolde of Bolde. Esq. They had: Elea- 
nor 16 ; Mary 16 ; Joane 15 ; all died infants; sou John, 16 d. a few days after 
his father, leaving an onlv son. 

in the Prince collection (Shelf 56, Nos. 43-5), Boston Public Library, 
is a volume of Sermons and Poems upon the death of John 15 Atherton, who 
died Jan. 17, 1055. The volume bears the autograph of Samuel Sewall, 
the diarist, and has an index of subjects in the hand-writing of the Rev. 
Mr. Prince. The first sermon is addressed to the Judges of the assize* 
and to the Sheriff of the county. His remarks on a judge crisping his hair 

* By John Livesey, Minister of the Gospel at Atherton, alias Chowbent, preached before 

Right Hon. Richard Newiigate and Robert Huttou, Judges of the Assize In 16-59 

Judge Newdigate was appointed Chief Justice of the Upper Bench ; in 1677 created a 
Baronet. 

This name would interest Judge Samuel Sewall, because Elizabeth and Sarah Newdi- 
gate, co-worshippers with him u r the Old South Church, had married John and Peter Oli- 
ver, sons of the- beloved Eider Thomas; a nephew of theirs had accompanied Sewall to 
England when he went there to meet Rev. Increase Mather, who had tied from Gov. Aa- 
dros's tyranny. Mather'.-- father was born in the vicinity of Atherton, and his brother 'i :m- 
othy had married a daughter of Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton in Dorchester. It is likely 
that he shared the interest of the judge, and the volume mav have been purchased when 
they were together in "England. 
VOL. XXXV. 7 






iin, 



s 






70 The Atherton Family in England. [Ji 

would have pleased Michael Wiggles worth, — " A man that is proud and 
useth deceit in his hair will be false on the Bench. — such a man will not 
deal truly in any good cause." His savage suggestions of how Quakers 
should be punished equalled Cotton Mather's approval of the barbarities 
practised upon the so-called witches. Panegyrical poems in Latin and 
English, acrostically and anagrammaticallv arranged, besides others in the 
usual form, make an appendix to the sermons. The following extracts, 
which Artemus Ward would say ' ; slopped over," are examples of the 
style. 

If birth, if name, if place, if children dear, 

If that fair spouse of thine, (whose virtues rare 

Make her to be admired) if house or lands, 

Or skill, or art, or love of dearest friends, 

If prayers, or tears — which sometimes Heaven move, — 

If youth or strength, if good men's sighs, or love, — 

If any or if all these had been able 

Thou'dst lived as yet ; but Death's inexorable 

It's said the day whereon thou wast interred 
Heaven did weep as tho' it had abhorred 

&o sad a sight 

Only seraphick tongues due laud can aive 

To thee, great John, too good with us to live 

Thy grave deportment on the bench was such 

Though young that myriads did admire it much 

A parallel husband, father, friend, brother, 

Justice or sheriff where can you discover ? 

Such was thy temperance and sobriety 
1 ny patience, prudence and dexterity 
Great Atherton the style of parasite 
I need not fear while in thy praise I write. 

Richard 10 Atherton. With his name the pedigree of the Lancashire 
Visitation of 1664 ends ; it was rendered and signed for him by L. Raw- 
storne, who was probably the managing steward of the property. Richard 
was less than ten years of age when the accumulation of estates became 
his, but before he was twenty-one he had another large accession 
from his great-aunt, the widow of Sir Gilbert Ireland, whose hall was in 
Atherton ; his main possessions were in Bewsey, Penlton, Holmes and 
other towns in that vicinity. She received them from her husband, who 
died April 30, 1675, and upon her death, which occurred July 1, 1075, she 
willed her whole fortune to Richard Atherton. 

John 17 Atherton, son of Richard, married Elizabeth Chormondly, 
heiress of her father Robert and his wife a daughter of Sir Henry Vernon 
of Hodnet. 

Richard 18 Atherton, son of John, m. Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Farrington, of Shaw Hall. Their only daughter Elizabeth was the last born 
to inherit the name of Atherton in this line ; she married Robert Gwillym, 
their son Robert Vernon assumed the name of Atherton, married Henri- 
etta Maria Leigh, whose daughter Henrietta Maria married Thomas Powys, 
second Lord Lilford. and the whole property of the Athertons. became hi-. 
Thomas Atherton Powys, third Lord Lilford, married Mary Elizabeth Fox, 
whose mother Elizabeth Vassall (granddaughter of Florentius Vassall,* 
who left Boston in 177o) became the mistress of Henry Richard Fox. 
Lord Holland, while yet the wife of Sir Godfrey Webster, Hart. The 

* ■ 

estates are now in possession of Thomas Littleton Powys, fourth Lord Lil- 
* N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xvii. p. 126; Sabine's Loyalists, &c. vol. ii. p. 385. 






1881.] The Atherton Family in England. 71 

ford; bis eldest son. Thomas Atherton Powys, was born in 186 J. The 
motto of the family is appropriate: " Parta tueri" — to maintain acquired 
possessions. Lord Lilford holds a court leet and court baron at Atherton 
annually on the first Thursday in November. 

The original manor house of the Athertons was Lodge Hall, which is 
now in ruins. Subsequently the family erected the first Atherton Hall, 
built by Richard Atherton. Esq., to which the chapel (afterward Church) 
at Chowbent was the domestic place of worship; but in 1723 they began 
an immense structure called Atherton Hall, to supersede it. upon tiie luxu- 
riant eminence between Leigh and Chowbent. which was completed in 1743, 
at a cost represented by our money at this time of more than 81,000.000. It 
is described, with the plans, in Vitruvius Britannicus, vol. iii. p. 80. The great 
Hall was 3G by 45 ft, and the principal apartments, some of which were never 
finished, were of corresponding dimensions. After standing a little more than 
a century, Atherton Hall was taken down bv order of the second Lord 
Lilford. and the materials sold. A spacious form house has been built 
upon the desmeuse, which is adorned by a lake three quarters of a mile in 
length. 

In the preceding pages the line of heirship has been followed ; the scions 
are found in the different parts of the county, all worthy representatives of 
the main stock. 

At Pemberton, in the village of Lamberhead Green, the Wesleyan 
Methodists have erected buildings and schools to commemorate the fact 
that Rev. W. Atherton. president of the Wesleyan Conference from 184G 
to 1850, was born in that village, which adjoins YVinstanley, the birthplace 
of Humphrey, before referred to. 

Thomas Atherton was vicar of Chipping Parish from 1701 to 1721. 
In St. Mary's church, Prescot. five hundred years old, partly rebuilt in 
1820, is an organ, the gift of William Atherton, Esq. The church also 
contains an exuberantly ornamented slab, upon which is this inscription : 
"Thomas Barron of Prescot and his widow Francis daughter of John Ath- 
erton of Prescot died April 1751." On the south side is a splendid pro- 
duction from the chisel of Westruacott, to the memory of William Ather- 
ton of Prescot, Esq., who died June 22, 1803, aged 01, surmounted by the 
family coat, with the motto, " clarior tenebris." 

In 1715 a branch of the Atherton family bought one-third of the manor 
of Walton. (William Atherton was rector of St. Nicholas Church. Liv- 
erpool, in 1 GOO, and Walton was part of his parish.) The family held this 
property through three generations, John, 1 John, 2 John Joseph, 3 then sold 
it to Thomas Leyland, mayor of Liverpool, of which town it is now a part. 
In 1782 Richard Atherton was Guild Mayor of Preston, an office filled 
once in twenty years, attended with the most splendid pageants. The pro- 
viso under which the charter was given, in order to have the privilege of 
franchise, requires each would-be voter to belong to a guild and march in 
the procession. Costly entertainments lastin-' thirty days are indulged in, 
and people come from all parts of the kingdom to witness the show. 

These gleanings have been gathered from the Collections of the Chetham 
Society, the works of Gregson, Baines and Britton. 

The writer has been asked to furnish a full list of Humphrey Athcrton's 
children, which is civen below, with a little preliminary matter. 

lhe necessary information to ascertain if the Humphrey Atherton men- 
tioned at the beginning of this article was the Major General of New Eug- 



72 Grantees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester. [Jan. 

land,* can be easily obtained by the gentleman who is collecting material 
for a genealogy of the New England families of this name. It is most 
probable that Humphrey Atherton, with his wife Mary and three children, 
Jonathan, Isabel and Elizabeth, came in the James from Bristol, England, 
in 1635. Rev. Richard Mather, in his journal of the passage, mentions 
one hundred passengers, but gives the names of few; among them Nathan- 
iel Wales. f whose will was witnessed by Humphrey Atherton, who was 
also mentioned in it as •* loving brother-in-law." Both of them assist- 
ed Mather in nurturing the first church of Dorchester into thrifty life again, 
notwithstanding so much of it hud been transplanted to Windsor, Conn. 

Humphrey Atherton, born in Lancashire, England, about : died 

Sept. 17. 16G1 ; married Mary Wales, who died in 1G72. Their children, 
as appears by the Suffolk Probate Records, were : 

i. Jonathan, probably born in England ; was a mariner. His mother 
left him by her will £5, if he would come for it. As he was in Boston 
in 1673, he probably took it. Upon the Register of St. Peter's 
Church, Corn hi 11, London, under date of 1663, appears the marriage 
of a .Jonathan Atherton, mariner (possibly this Jonathan), and Sa- 
rah ffirebread, Spinster, of Ratcliffe (Lancashire). 

ii. Isabel, probably born in England ; m. Nathaniel Wales, Jr. 

iii. Eltzabetu, probably born in England; m. Timothy Mather, 1650? 

iv. Consider, probably born in New England, in. Anne Annable, 1-1 Dec. 
1671. 

v. Mary, probably born in New England; m. Joseph Weeks, 9 April, 
1607. 

vi. Margaret, born in New England ; m. James Trowbridge, 30 Dec. 
1659. 



VI 

v 



ii. Rest, bapt. 26 May, 1639 : m. Obadiah Swift, 15 March, 1660-61. 

iii. Increase, bapt. 2 Jan. 1612 ; d. at sea, Jonathan admin. Aug. 1673. 
ix. Thankful, bapt. 28 April, 1611 ; m. Thomas Bird. Jr., 2 April, 1665. 
x. Hope (Rev.), bapt. 30 Aug. 16-16 ; m. Sarah Hollister, 1674. 
xi. Watching, bapt. 21 Aug. 1651 ; m. Elizabeth Rigby, 23 Jan. 1678-9. 
xii. Patience, bapt. 2 April, 1654; m. Isaac Humphrey, 1685. 



GRANTEES OF MEADOW LANDS IN DORCHESTER. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
HP HE following list of grantees of meadow lands in Dorchester, 



L is copied from the original Dorchester Records, vol. i. p. 31. 

A rude map of the localities, made probably not later than 1637, 
may be seen on the Records ; names and quantities given below. 
The map and names were omitted in the Fourth Report of the Rec- 
ord Commissioners, recently published. 

* We would caution our readers against assuming this conjecture, which is a very plau- 
sible one, to he a fact. — Editor. 

t "Nuthamell Wales son of John Wales of Idle baptized Febmarie xxvj loSH-7." — Reg- 
isters of Calver/y, ro. York, edited b<j Samuel Mar/jeri-son, p ~>2. He was a brother of Rev. 
Elkanah Wales, of Trin. Coll., Cambridge. " For accounts of this celebrated minister, see 
his memoir by Rev. James Sales. Birch MS.S. N<>. 41 ">o, in the Brit. Mus. ; Turner's Non- 
conformity in Idle; Round about Bradford, &c." The editor supposes Nathaniel to he the 
person of this name who came to New England. No sister Mary is found among the 
baptisms. 



1881.] Grantees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester, 



73 



The Map of the Meddows beyond the Naponset riuer and how y* is 

allotted out. 



1 Squauloms 

2 Mr. Hill 6 D. 

3 Jo Phi] [ips ?] 

4 M r Duncan 4 acres. 

5 Marshfeild 5 a 

[6] George Way 8 acr. 
[7] Hall " 4 a. 

[8] J. Knill 2 a. 
[9 J R. Calicot 8 a. 

10 M'Purchas 2 a. 

11 M r Richards 12 a. 

12 J. Barber 2 a. 

13 Stev. fYrench 4 a. 

14 M r Hill 5 a. 

15 M r Johnson 6 a. 

16 J: Eales 4 a. 

17 Nich Vpshal 8 a. 
M r Newbury v hows 

18 Caping 6 a. 

19 Swift 4 a. 

20 J. Caping 2 a. 

21 J. Walcot [?] 2 a. 

22 Jo: Pierce 4 a. 

23 M r Ward G a. 

24 M r Maverick 

25 Jos: Holy 4 a. 
2G Tho Jefreys 3 a. 

27 Roger Clap 3 a. 

28 M r Smith 4 a. 

29 C. Gibson 2 a. 

30 War. filler 6 a. 

31 G. Gibbs 4 a. 

32 J. 

33 N. gillet 4 a. 

34 Holland 3 a. 

35 M r Hull 4 a. 

36 T. J. more 4 a. 

37 6 a. 
[3]S G. Dyer 4 a. 

39 Eales, 2 a. 

40 W. Philps 6 a. 

41 Hanna 2 a. 

42 M r Piney 10 a. 

43 Denslow 3 a. 

44 Wilton 5 a. 

45 Mbinot 4 a. 

46 Pope 4 a. 

47 M r Hathome 



f Mata- 
-( chuset 
( Rock. 



48 Picher 4 [a] 

49 Rocket 4 a. 
[50] Rositer 

51 Lumbert 6 a 

52 M r Egleston 4 a 

53 Hart 4 a 

54 M r Branker 

55 T [?] Hull 6 [a] 

56 venner [?] 6 [a] 

57 Brins [mead] 

58 II way 

59 M r Teiy 12 [a] 

the next wilbe out of order 

A a rock poynting to the place 

M r Way had marsh out other 

sides of that M r Tery. 

60 J. Wichfeild 4 a. 

61 M r Hosford 2 a. 

62 M r Sentiou 2 a. 

63 J. Hull 6a. 

64 T. Dew is 4 a. 
Q5 T. Holcom 3 a. 

66 G. Phillips 5 a. 

67 M r Hulbert 6 a. 
GS J. lleyden 

69 Mathews 

70 Grenway 3 a. 

71 M r Ilolman 

72 M r Parker 4 a 

73 Ca[pt.] Mason 6 a. 

74 R. Elwel 3 

75 W. Rockwel 4 a. 

-(- aboue M r Roseiter ioyning to 
him M r wolcot 14 a. next m r 
wo 1 cot 

76 w. Gaylor 6 a. 

77 T. Hach 2 a. • 

78 Henery Fooks 8 a. 

79 T. Tilestone 3 a. 

80 Nuton 2 a. 

81 ancient Stouchton 6 a. 

this runs vp between the highe r 
land & m r Roseiter 

82 John Hill 4 a. 

83 M r Tillie 4 a. 

84 Elias Parkman 4 a. 

85 El: Pomery 6 a. 

M r Stoughton 16 a. 



o a. 



o a. 



VOL. XXXV. 



74 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 



GENEALOGY OF LIEUT. ABEL WRIGHT, OF SPRING- 
FIELD, MASS. 

By Rev. Stephen' Wright, of Glen's Falls, N. Y. 

1. Lieut. Abel Wright 1 was found among the early settlers of Spring- 
field. Massachusetts, in the Connecticut Valley, who spent a mature life of 
seventy years there, from 1655 to 1725, when he. died at the advanced age 
of ninety-four rears. Where he came from or who were his parents. I have 
been unable to ascertain. There were other Wright settlers in the colo- 
nies before him in Eastern Massachusetts, — as Capt. Richard Wright, at 
Lynn, in 1630; John Wright, at Woburn, in 1041; Robert Wright, at 
Boston, in 1043, according to Dr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, 
besides others in various places of a later date than the above named. And 
at Wethersfield. Conn., below Hartford, there was a Thomas Wriaht as 
early as 1039, who had quite a family. Also Dea. Samuel Wright was an 
early settler at Springfield about the same year, 1030-40, who had a family 
of eight children, all named ; but no Abel among either of these families 
is given in their records. 

It is possible, if not most probable, that these last two settlers, so near 
each other, were brothers, and from the date of their family records, uncles 
to Abel Wriaht, who might naturally have followed in the wake of his kins- 
man to Springfield, at the age of twenty-four years, where he is found in 
January, 1655. Hence I can safely begin his record at that date, and shall 
endeavor to follow his line of posterity for several generations, according 
to authentic information obtained by much labor, from both town and family 
records. 

Although the town had been settled in 1636, it was still in its infancy 
when our Abel appeared on the stage, to claim a place among his fellow men. 
1 give two or three extracts from the town records of Springfield, which I 
made in November, 1803, that read as follows: "Jan. 2, 1655, — There is 
granted to Abell Wright, a home lot containing three acres in the land next 
ye Round Hill." And Feb. 13, 1050, again: "It is granted to Abell 
Wright an amount of Twenty (20) acres which had formerly Come into the 
hand of Rowland Thomas, lying in ye great plain over ye great river, called 
Chickuppy plain, provided he continues five years in town." And it seems 
in the sequel that he came to stag, as he did for seventy years. 

Again savs the record: "March 13. 1000, — There is granted to Thomas 
Bancroft Abell Wright. John Lumbard and Richard Sikes, a parcel of hind 
lving on the west side of v e great river over against y e long meadow below 
George Colton's, which laud hereby granted, lveth between two brooks, and 
it is to run westward from v e river to a hill about 40 rods westward; — Thos. 
Bancroft to lie next to the Southermost brook, Abell Wright next toward 
the north, John Lumbard next to him, and Richard Sikes next to him : — 
They four sharing thereof equally in three-score acres of land, if there be 
so much there ; — or if there be not so much they are to divide the piece 
equally amongst them, lying as above expressed." — See Record of Deeds, 
vol. i. p. 203. Various other grants- of land, to the number of sixteen in 
all, from 1055 to 10U5, as well as several to his sons Joseph and Abel, Jr., 
are on the town records also. In those primitive times the farming was on 
a smaller scale than we see now, and hence the few acres allotted to each 



1881.] Wright Genealogy. 75 

settler in these grants. Contemporary with Abel "Wright were such men 
as Col. John Pynehon, Samuel Terry. John Bliss, Thomas Root, Robert 
Ashlev, Hugh Dudlev, Thomas Sewall, Obadiah Miller, Eliezer Holvoke, 
John Holyoke, James Osborne, Nathaniel Pritchard and Thomas Gilbert ; 
with Deacons Samuel Chapin, Samuel Wright (until 1657, when he re- 
removed to Northampton, and died there Oct. 17. 1665, wheu asleep in his 
chair), Jonathan Burt. Benjamin Parsons. John Hitchcock and James War- 
riner, and Rev. Pelatiah Glover from 1659 to 1692, and Rev. Samuel 
Brewer from 1694 to 1725. and onwards to 1733, when the last pastor 
died ; all these in the First Congregational Church. 

" Feb. 23, 1GG2. In the order of Seating persons in church, Abcll 
Wright is put in the * eighth seat ' with Mr. Horton, John Bag, Josh- 
ua Riley and Lyman Beaman. And Samuel Terry in the 9th seat with 
four others." According to the Springfield Records that I saw. and han- 
dled in 1803, the following facts are shown : 

Abel 1 Wright married Dec. 1. 1659, Martha Kitcherel, daughter of Sam- 
uel K. of Hartford, Conn., and had a family of thirteen children, of whom 
ten married (see names below;. He was a citizen of some note, both in 
the civil and military service of the town. In 1605 he was elected to the 
" General Court," and in May, 1696, Dea. Burt and Lieut. Abel Wright 
were chosen to answer a petition of the people on the west side of the river 
asking to become a separate parish and procure a minister of their own. 
In 1708, July 26th, Indians came upon the town and despoiled his family, 
scalping his wife, who died in consequence on the 19th of October follow- 
ing. They also killed an infant of his son Henry, and captured his wife, 
who died soon after. But this venerable ancestor lived until 1725, for his 
tombstone record says: -Lieut. Abel Wright died October 29th, 1725, 
aged 94 years." His children were as follows : 

2. i. Joseph, b. Sept. 1. 1660. and m. Sarah Osborne. 
-ii. Maetha, b. Nov. 29, 166-2; m. Thomas Marlow. 

3. iii. Abel, b. Sent. 25, 1664; in. Rebecca Terry, Sept- 16, 1691, and had 
v thirteen children. 

\, 4. iv. Benjamin, b. March 14, 1667: m. Mary Chapin in 1694; had three 

children, 
.v. Hannah, b. July 23, 1669 : m. Joseph Saxton, Nov. 20, 1690, and had 

seven children : — Gershom 3 b. 1691 ; Hannah. 3 1692 : Joseph, 3 1694 ; 

Mmdwell* 1696; David? 1700; Ezekiel 3 1701 ; and Charles, 2 1703, 

at Enfield, 
vi. Henry, b. May 23, 1671, and d. youmr. 
vii. Sarah, b. May 8. 1673 ; m. Thomas Chapin, Feb. 15, 1694, and had 

eleven children. She died July 26, 1770, aged nearly 93. 
viii. Mary. b. March 9. 1675: m. Nathaniel Bliss in 1698. 

5. ix. Henry, 2d. b. Jure 5. 1677 ; m. Hannah Bliss, May 21, 1705. 

6. x. Samuel, b. June 17, 1679 ; m. Mary Case, of Lebanon, Nov. 27, 1710. 
.xi. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 18, 1652. and d. June 17, 1633. 

xii. Jons, b. April 21, 1655. and d. soon. 

xiii. Elizabeth. 2d, b. Aug. 22. IG67 : m. Ebenezer Dewey, of Lebanon, 

Nov. 8, 1709. and had Eiizalelh, 3 b. Oct. 7, 1710, and Ebenezer, 3 Jr., 

b. Jan. 24, 1712. 

2. Joseph 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. Sept. 1, 1GG0, at Springfield; m. Sarah 
Osborne, Dec. 2 ( J. 1687. and had eight children, born in S., as below, lie 
must have followed his younger brother Abel to Lebanon. Conn., about 
1708, as a petition of his to the town authorities is Oil record there, dated 
Dec. 13, 1708, asking for a grant of laud near Abel Wright's first division, 
" because the enemy had spoiled and carried away much of his estate " at 
Springfield; which was granted him Dec. 17th, 1808. How long he con- 
tinued at L. we are unable to say. His children, born at S., were : 



■' 



76 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

i. Mindwell, b. Sept. '24, 16SS. and d. young. 
ii. Joseph, Jr.. b. Oct. 14. 1690. 

iii^ Sarah, b. Xov. "20. 1690. and m. probably June 20, 1719, Hezekiah 
Porter, of Harttord, Conn. 
-hs Benjamin, b. Nov. 11. 1694. and slain by the Indians in 1712. 
-v. Mindwell. 2d. 6. March 4, 1697. 

-vi. Martha, b. June 16. 1699 ; m. probably, Jonathan Old, Feb. 18, 1720. 
-yii. Mary, b. Sept. 24. 1702. 
-v-tii. Rachel, b. Dee. 4, 1706. Can give no move of this family now. 

3. Ensign Abel 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. Sept. 25. 1064; m. Sept. 16, 1691, 
Rebecca Terry, b. Dec. 5. 1073. daughter of Samuel and Anna (Lobdell) 
'lerry, of S., and had thirteen children, like his father before him, of whom 
nine married. Of these, four were born in Springfield, when he removed 
to Lebanon about 1700. where the other nine are on record. He spent 
forty-five years of his life there, and became quite a landholder and business 
man among his fellows. In 1702 he bought ninety acres of land of Josiah 
Dewey and William Clarke " for Seven Pounds. Silver. Current money of 
New England;" and January 24. 1 703. twenty-one acres more of Philip 
Smith; and in 1711. June 0. nine acres more of Dewey and Clarke ; mak- 
ing one hundred and twenty acres in all. But his greatest purchase was, 
May 30, 1717. of Rev. Samuel Whiting, minister of Windham, of eight 
hundred and twenty-nine acre-, partly in W. and partly in Lebanon, for 250 
pounds, as the deed on record at Windham says. From these lands he 
afterwards deeds one hundred and forty acres to his daughter Rebecca and 
her husband Jacob Ordway. in 1718 and 1720 : to his son Abel. Jr.. one hun- 
dred and eighty acres. Oct. 22. 1718 : and to his loving son Ebenezer. one 
hundred and eighty acres. Aug. 24. 1722; being part of the tract bought of 
Rev. Samuel Whiting, and sold still to several others as late as the year 
1739. His last will is dated Jan. 10, 1744. in which he names four sons 
and four daughters, making his *• Beloved wife Rebecca and son Ebenezer 
Wright the Executrix and Executor of his last will arid Testament.'" &c. 
This will was probated before Judge Jonathan Trumbull, at Windham, 
Sept. 18, 1747, and certified in due form on the records by Ichabod Rob- 
inson, clerk of said court. He had died June 2. 1745. and was buried in 
Lebanon near the graves of the Trumbull, Fitch and Terrv families. 
The names of his thirteen children are as follows: 

i. Rebecca, b. Sept. 7, 1692 : m. Jacob Ordway, of L., about 1711, who 
had lour children: — 1. Mary* b. Aug. 16. 1712. 2. Rebecca? b. 
Jan. 16, 171-1. 3. Jemima* b. Dec. 11, 1715. 4. Rachel* b. Xov. 
28, 1717. (SeeLeb. Rec.) 
Samuel, b. July 4. 1694, and d. July 10. 1694. 

Abel, b. Auir. 22. 1695 : ra. Marv "Calkins, at L., Xov. 7. 1717. and 
had : — 1. Sarah* b. Aug. 25, *17l8. 2. Samuel* b. May li, 1729. 
3. Abel. Jr.* b. Feb. 23. 1722. All at Windham. 
Samuel. 2d, b. Dec. 2. 1G9"«, and no in ■•re of him. 
Ebenezer, b. Feb. 22,1701, at Lebanon; m. Elizabeth Xewcomb. 
Mary, b. Nov. 22. 1702. and no more of her. 
yii. Ephradi, b. Feb. 20, 1704: m. Hannah Wood, Jane 29, 1724. 
Tiii. Martha, b. April 12. 1705 ; m. Ilolbrook, as named in her fa- 
ther's will. 

ix. Jemima, b. Sept. 21. 1707 : m. Hutchinson, as in the will. 

x. Ann, b. June 1. 1709 : m. Bueli, as named in will. 

xi. Miriam, b. Nor. 14, 17io. and no more of her. 
xii. Benjamin, b. July 59, 1712, and d. Aug. 1712. 
9. xiii. Benjamin, 2d, b. March 3, 1714; m. in 1731, Rachel . 





n. 




in 




iv. 


7. 


v. 




\+. 


8. 


yii 



1881.] Wright Genealogy. 77 

4. Benjamin 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. March 14. 1 G G 7 ; m. Mary Chapin 

in 1694, dau. of Henry C. of Springfield, likely, and bad three children, and 

died Dee. 2a,. 1704. and his widow died Jan. 13, 1708. .Their children are 

as follows : 

i. Benjamin, b. Mav 22. 1G97. 

ii. Henry, b. May 19, 1700. 

iii. Mart, b. May 1, 1705; posthumous. 

5. Henry 2 Wright. 2d (J^eZ 1 ), b. June 8. 1G77 ; m. Hannah Bliss, 
dau. of John Bliss, May 24, 1705. and had two children. His wife was cap- 
tured by the Indians July 2(3, 1708, and with her infant son was killed soon 
after, at the calamity already named. lie then married, March 15, 1711, 
Sarah Root, daughter of Thomas Hoot, of Westfield, probably, who bore 
him six more children. He also must have followed his older brother Abel 
to Lebanon, and lived awhile, as it is there recorded that Henry Wright 
deeded thirty acres of la«a to his brother Abel, Nov. 23, 1705. And again 
May 5, ] 707, Henry Wright and Hannah deeded a piece of land to Abel 
Wright, as Josiah Dewev had deeded tweutv-one acres to Henrv Wright. 
Feb. 1. 1703. The presumption is that he sold out his interest at Leba- 
non and returned to Springfield, where the great calamity mentioned above 
fell upon him in 1708 ; when he married second wife, Sarah Root, raised up 

his family, lost Sarah, and married a third wife Elizabeth , who, as the 

Springfield records say. died June. 1738. His own death is there recorded 
as transpiring in 1708, at the age of 91. His eight children are given as 
follows : 

i. Hannah, b. May 18, 1706. 

ii. Henry, Jr., b. »an. 9, 170S, and killed July 26, 1708. 

iii. Muses, by second wife, b. about 1713 ; date not given exactly. 

iv. Stephen, b. 1716. 

v. Caleb, b. 17 IS. 

vi. Elisha, b. 17-20. 

vii. Sarah, b. 1723. 

viii. Deborah, b. . No date at all. 

6. Samuel 2 Wright (Abel}), b June 17, 1C79, at S. ; m. Mary Case, 
of Lebanon. Nov. 27. 1710, and had three children recorded there, as siven 
below. He must have followed his brother Abel to Lebanon, as the records 
show a deed of two hundred acres of land from Josiah Dewey and William 
Clarke to Samuel Wright, dated January 30, 1702. (See Old Records, 
pp. 81, 85.) Little more can be said of him than to give the names of hi3 
children, and that he married, Dec. 13, 1727, Anna Loomis, of L., and that 
he lived at Norwich awhile. His children were : 

i. Aaron, b. March 29. 1713. 
ii. John, b. Sept. 23, 1716. 
iii. Mart, b. May 10, 1721. 

By second wife : 

iv. Rebecca, b. Sept. 24. 1723. 
v. Elijah, b. Aug. 11. 1730. 
vi. Anna, b. Oct. 7. 1732. 
vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 173.5. 
viii. Eleazer, born Aug. 3, 1739. 

7. Ebenezer 3 Wright (Abel 2 Abe?), b. Feb. 22, 1701, at Lebanon ; 

m. April 20. 1721. Elizabeth, b. 1701-2. dau. of Simon and Deborah ( ) 

Newcomb, of L.. who bore- him three children, and died Jan. 13, 1727. 
He married second, March 23, 1728, Sarah Huntington, b. May 2o, 1705, 



78 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

dan. of Dea. Joseph and Rebecca (Adgate) Huntington, and sister to Gov. 
Samuel Huntington's father, by whom eight children, when she died Oct. 
19, 1775. He married third. Feb. 15, 1770. Mrs. Mary (Mason) Hunt- 
ington, the widow of David 1L, a brother of his wife Sarah, with whom he 
lived ten years, and died April 22, 1780, at Mansfield, aged 85. He was 
a former and quite a land owner, like his father Abel. He removed to 
Mansfield about 1740. where he became a baptist, as several of his children 
did also. His last will, dated Dec. 2, 1708. at M.. names all his eleven 
children, and makes his wife Sarah, and his son Capt. Amaziah W., the 
executors of his estate. The following are his children : 

i. Zerviau, b. March 12. 1722, at Windham; m. Jan. 8, 1741. John 
Upton, and had Sarah* b. Oct. 17, 1711. and others we presume, 
as he mentious the heirs of his beloved daughter Zerviah Upton in 
his will. 

ii. Deijor.ui, b. Jan. 29, 1725 ; m. Paul Davison, May 7, 1717, and had 
Mial b b. March 7, 17-18, and Deborah," b. May 11, 1750. Mr. D. 
died Aug. 20, 1751, at Newtown, X. J., when she married, second, 
Aaron Younglove. Jan. 17, 1753. 

10. iii. Ebexezer, b. Jan. 2, 1727 ; m. Mercy Leach, who had ten children. 

11. iv. Rev. Eliphalet, b. Feb. 27, 1729; in. Hannah Marsh. 

v. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 30, 1730; m. Eleazer Baldwin, April 8, 1751, and 
had nine children, from whom a lar^e posterity have come. 

vi. Sarah, b. Sept. 22, 1732; m. Dea. Jeremiah Leffingwell, of Pomfret, 
Ct., about 1755 ; had nine children and a large posterity. 

12. vii. Elisha, b. Sept. IS, 1731; m. Hannah Baldwin, Oct. 23, 175G. 
viii. Mary, b. Jan. 15. 1737 ; m. John Turner about 1703, and had ten 

children, from whom a large posterity. 

13. ix. Capt. Amaziah, b. Feb. 11, 1739 : m. Zerviah Fitch, dau. of Capt. 

and Dea. Eleazer F., of Windham, and had ten children. 

14. x. Eleazer, b. April 12, 1741 ; m. Anna Marsh, dau. of Joseph M., of 

Windham. April 25, 1705, and had twelve children. 

xi. Rebecca, b. about 1744 or 45 (date wanting) ; m. Marsh, of Kil- 

lingly, Ct., and as tradition in the family' says., had one son, 
James, 5 who married and went into central New York, had four or 
five children, and was despoiled or killed by the Indians, and his 
family lost to the knowledge of their kindred. 

8. Ephraim 3 Wright (Abel 2 Abel 1 ), b. Feb. 29, 1704, at Lebanon; 
m. June 29, 1724, Hannah AVood, and had six children at Lebanon. He 
was a farmer, and deeded lands to several persons from Sept. 80, 17.37, 
to June 14, 1751, according to the records of L. and Windham. His 
wife died March 18, 1737, ami he married again and raised a second family 
of several children, as an extant letter in mv possession from his youngest 
son, Gen. Daniel Wright, testifies, dated May 2, 1809, at Westport. Essex 
Co., N. Y. He says he was born in Hebron, Conn., in 1756, and that 
he w r as the son of Ephraim W., and after the death of his brother, 
Lieut. Berlah W., and his father also in the French war, about 1758—9, 
his mother put him in the care of his uncle Ebenezer 3 IV., at Mansfield, at 
the age of five, as she had several small children, so he was brought up 
among his kindred there. So far as known his children were : 

i. John, b. March 18. 172G. 

ii. Hannah, b. Feb. 21, 1731. 

iii. Martha, b. Jan. 14, 1733. 

iv. Ephraim, Jr. ? twins ; b. March in, £ Ann m. March 11, 17.5G. John 

v. Ann, 5 1735. ( Huntington, of Windham, and 

had a daughter Weallhan, 5 b. Jan. (i, 1757, and the mother died 
May 6, 1758. 

vi. Lieut. Bkiuaii, b. Feb. 22, 1737, and died at Albany in 1759, re- 
turning from his military campaign, and his father Ephraim only 
reached his home at 11. to die very soon. 



1881.] 



Wrigh t Gen ealogy . 



9 



vii. — ix. Several. whose name.- are wanting. 

x. Gen. Daniel, b. in 1756 at Hebron ; m. Patience 



and had seve- 



ral child: on — the oldest, Jcrusha* b. about 1778, m. Elias Stnrte- 
vant, b. 1769 : had sou Pea. George W. S., and died June 20, 1856, 
aged S7 years, as his son did Feb. '23. 1S63, aged 61, at Westport, 
N. Y.. leaving several children. Gen. Wright was in the war of the 
revolution suuie years after 17T5. and afterwards removed to New 
Hampshire for a time, but in 1793 located at Westport, where he 
died, Oct. I, lS2 m 2, and his wife Patience April 17, 1829, aged 71 
years. 

9. Benjamin 3 Wright (Abel? Abel 1 ), b. March 8, 1714, at Lebanon ; 

m. Rachel in 17-34, and had nine children, as recorded in L. I have 

only an imperfect knowledge of him and his posterity, but can give the 
names and birth-dates of his children, as below. In 1865 Rev. Jehiel Kel- 
logg Wright, an. aged baptist minister at West Cornwall. Vt.. gave me some 

ere o i_? x. c? 

account of this family in the line of his son Benjamin. 4 b. July 5. 1737, 
and his son Daniel. 5 h. Aug. 15. 1 770. who died at Cornwall. Jan. 5. 1837. 
Rev. J. A'. 6 Wriaid was b. Aug. 15. 1801. and d. Aug. 25. 1875. Bv him I 
learned there was a large posterity from his grandfather Benjamin* of 1737. 
of whom I hope to gather fuller records. About the same year I gathered 
from Mr. Elijah Wright, of Westport. X. Y.. some account of Abel, 4 born 
Aug. 8. 17 42 [Benjamin* Abel? AW), who m. Elizabeth Baldwin, had 
three children at Hartford. Vt.. where he died Feb. 1828, aged 85 J rears. 
This Elijah? b. Dec. 28, 1709, was at his grandfather's funeral, being a son 
of Abel* and Alice (Pane) Wriqht. who had six children, and died July, 
1827, at Hartford. Vt. He reports quite a posterity from Abel,* of 1742, 
more of whom I hope to reach in due time. The children of Benjamin 
and Rachel were : 

i. Lucy, b. May 15. 1735. 
15. ii. Benjamin, b. July 5. 1737; in. Ann Rcdington. 

iii. Mercy, b. July 26, 1739. 

iv. Abel, 1). Aug. 8. 1740; m. Elizabeth Baldwin, and three children, 
Abcl. b Irene 5 and Mary, 5 and died as given above. Feb. 1823. 

v. Mary, b. Oct. -2, 1744. 

vi. Rachel, b. Feb. 13. 1717 ; in. Whiting Strong. 

vii. Maj ir David, b. March 14. 1749 : m. Bailey, as reported, and bad 

five children in Hartford. Vt., viz. : David, 5 b. about 1775-6 ; Han- 
nah 5 b. 1778, in. \liio Marsh, and six children: Daniel. 5 M.D., 
b. about 1760 ; William 5 b. about 1763—1 : and Wealthy 5 b. about 
1786-7, and ni. Finneo. 

viii. Rebecca, b. April 2, 1752; in. Christopher Pease, and had six child- 
ren or inure. 

ix. Jonathan, b. March 31, 1754 ; rn. Ryder, as reported, and died 

in Lebanon, X. [{., or in that vicinity. I have 175 — 200 of the pos- 
terity of Benjamin \V., 3 of 1714, more or less correctly named and 
dated. 

10. Ebexezer 4 Wright (Ebenezer? Abel? Abel 1 ), b. Jan. 2, 1727. at 

Windham; m. March 11- 1751. Mercy, dan. of Amos and Leach, and 

had ten children, and has had a posterity of over twelve hundred to the 
tenth veneration already attained. He was a farmer, lived in Mansfield a 
few years, then in New Fairfield, Conn., then in Newtown, Sussex Co., N. J., 
and about 1765— G removed to Shaftsbury, Vt. The events of the war of 
the revolution sent him to Canada West, where he spent the evening of his 
life, with his companion and live children near him. at Cornwall and 
Johnstown, where he died July 18, 1809, as his wife had done May lb', 
1801, aged 07^ years. Their children were: 



80 



Wright Genealogy. 



[Jan. 



16. i. Dea. Abraham, b. July 13. 1759 (X. Style) ; m. Sarah Babcoek, and 

had nine children, and second, Phebe Burt, and three more. 

17. ii. Capt. Asaiiel, b. Aug. 18. 1754; in. Eve Elaynes, and nine children. 
iii. Zerviah, b. Dec. 4, 1756 : m. March 3, 1775, Charles Spencer (b. Mar. 

10, 1710), of Shaftsbury, and had eight children, and died April 
20, 1703. Mr. S. was a soldier in the revolutionary war. a farmer, 
and died Nov. 18, 1813, aged 04 years and eight months. A pos- 
terity of about 200 have come from Zerviah W. Spencer. 

18. iv. Ebenezer, 1). Oct. 15, 175S ; m. about 1780-i- , Rachel Marsh. 

19. v. Amos, b. June 22, 1701. at Newtown, N. J., and m. Sabra Wilcox, of 

— ■ , about 1785. and had four children, lie dixl July 18, 1796. 

20. vi. David, b. Nov. 16, 1763. at Newtown ; in. Tamar Burritt about 1796 ; 

had eight children, and died Oct. 25, 1819, at Cornwall, a farmer. 

vii. Mercy, b. March 26, 1766. at Shaftsbury, Vt. ; m. Nov. 12. 1783, 
George McEwen, a farmer of Hinesburg, Vt. ; had nine children, 
and died at 11., Dee. 20. 1847, leaving a good posterity. Her child- 
ren were — Dea. James,* b. Jan. 23, 1786. and five children ; Charles/ 3 
b. July 19, 1787, four children : Augustus/ b. Dec. 17, 178S, had 
twelve children ; Cant. Car/fern/ b. March 25, 1791, and seven child- 
ren ; Ransom/ b. Dec. 20, 1702. in. but no children ; Dea. George/ 
b. Dee. 10, 1794. and ten children : Caroline/ b. Jan 29, 1798. and 
one child; Rebecca/ b. July 11. 1800, m. and died soon ; and Mercy 
Morinda/ b. May 31, 1802, and had six children. A large posterity 
came from Mercy W. McEwen. 

viii. Sarah, b. Sept. 3, 1703; m. Peleg Spencer, a brother of Charles, 
above, and had seven children, and died Jan. 2. 1844, at Johnstown, 

c. w. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. April 21. 1773. and d. Oct. 9. 1777. 

x. Rebecca, b. April 24, 1770 ; in. Mace, and one child, Sybil/ born 

1795; m. second, Henry Barnhart, Sept. 2, 1800, and had nine 
children and over fifty grandchildren. A farmer's wife, and d. Sept. 
1, 1847, at Cornwall, C. West. 

11. Rev. Eliphalet 4 Wright (Ebenezer/ Abel 2 Abel 1 ) was born Feb- 
27, 1720. at Windham, Conn. He married. May 22, 1751, Hannah, dau. 
of Thomas Marsh, of W., and had nine children born at W. and South 
Killinsfly, Ct. He was a tanner and currier and shoemaker by trade in 
early life, but became pastor of the Congregational church at South Kil- 
Jinglv in 17C4, where he continued until his lamented death. Aug. 4, 1784. 
His widow lived to a great age, and died Jan. 2. 1815, at Hinsdale, Mass., 
at the home of her son. Capt. Samuel 5 Wright, who cared for her in the de- 
cline of life. Though not liberally educated, Rev. Eliphalet Wright was 
an acceptable preacher, and published a sermon preached on Thanksgiving 
Day, Dec. 5, 1770, of which 1 now possess a copy, that has the ring of true 
patriotism in it, for those " times that tried men's souls." It was printed by 
J. Trumbull, of Norwich, Conn. His children were: 

i. Hannah, b. Jan. 0, 1752, at M. ; d. April 6. 1753. 

ii. Hannah, 2d, b. July 9, 1751 : m. Jan. 1772, Barnabas Davis, and had 
seven children. She died at Killingly, Sept 24, 1844, aged 90. 

iii. Eliphalet, Jr., b. Dec. 10, 1750 ; d. 1700. 

iv. Eunice, b. May 3, 1750; d. Aug. 11. 1700. 
21. v. Capt. Samuel, b. April 12, 1701 ; m. Keziah Stearns, had eight child- 
dren ; by second wife, Betsey Watkins. had tour more. 

vi. Eunice, 2d, b. March 1, 1701 : m. Day. 

vii. Sarah, b. March 7, 1700, at Kiilirtgly ; in. Isaac Spraguc and had 
seven children, auvmn them Kev. Ezra Spraguc/ of the M. K. order. 

viii. Rebecca., b. Dec. 1, 1707 ; m. James Pavkis, and had live children. 

ix. Olive, b. Jan. 0. 1770; m. Capt. Abraham Washburn, of Hinsdale, 
Mass , in April, 1806, as second wife, and had three children — 
Abraham/ d. young : Mary Northrop/ b. May 9, 1808, m. Elijah 
II. Goodrich of II. (had seven sons, of whom two are college gradu- 



• 



Qjjt^%^^ ; y 



1881.] Wright Genealogy. 81 

ates, Rev. John E. 7 of the University of Vermont, class of 1853, and 
Rev. Chauncy, 7 ofVTms. College, class of 1661) ; andO/?re, 6 b. June 
4, 1810. Mrs. Washburn died June 22, 18-12, and her husband 
Aug. 23, 1651, aged nearly 96 years, having been born Dec. 20, 1753. 

12. Elisha 4 Wright (JEbenezer* Abel, 2 Abel 1 ) was born in Windham, 
Sept. 18, 173-4. He married, first, Hannah, daughter of John Baldwin, of 
Norwich, Oct. 28, 1750. and had ten children, when his wife died June G, 
1777, and five of his children also, of an epidemic, in five months of time. 
He married, second, Chloe Spafford, April 14, 1778, who bore him three 
more children. He was a tanner and small farmer at Mansfield, where he 
died, Oct. 23, 1785, being crushed under a cart wheel. His widow out- 
lived him fifty-four years, dying April 10, 1844, aged 95. Their children 
were : 

i. Araunah, b. Nov. 15, 1757 : d. May 6, 1777. 

22. ii. Elisha, b. Xuv. 9, 1759 ; m. Asenath Brigham about 1792, and had 

four children. 

iii. Hannah, ) twins ; b. Feb. 4, ( Hannah d. Aug. 27. 1777. 

iv. Elizabeth. > 1762. ( m. Paul Clark, a soldier of the revo- 

lution, and a farmer, in 1765, and had eight children, all born in 
Hartford, Yt., of whom seven married and had about fifty children 
in their families. Mrs. Clark died Sept. 24, 1S43, at Williston, Yt. 

v. Mary, b. Feb. 22, 1764 ; d. Aug, 10, 1777. 

vi. Lucy, b. Sept. 30, 1760 ; m. Amasa Watkins, of Reading, Yt., and 
had eight children. 

vii. Olive, b. March 7. 1769 : d. Aug. 13, 1777. 

23. viii. Abraham Spafford, b. Jan. 19. 1772 ; m. first, Ilonnah Dunham, and 

second, Polly Shaw, and had eleven children in all. He died March 
4, 1826, at Kovalton, Yt. 
ix. Partiiena, b. May 23, 1774 : d. Aug. 6, 1777. 

24. x. John Hyde, b. April 19. 1777; m. Lorinda Royce, of Mansfield, Oct. 

7, 1802; had four children. He was a farmer, and d. in Willing- 
ton, Ct., Feb. 1666, aged 69, as his wife did the same month. 

By second wife : 

xi. Hannah, 2d, b. Feb. 16, 1760 : d*ed at Lebanon, August 29, 1810. 

xii. "Olive, b. Jan. 1, 1762 ; m. Timothy Williams, of Lebanon, Sept. 28, 
1609, and had eight children. Mr. Williams had been a school 
teacher in earl}* life, and was a member of the Connecticut legisla- 
ture several terms in his maturer years. 

xiii. Parthena, 2\. b. July 23. 1764; m. 1605, Dea. Jesse Gurley, of 
Mansfield (b. May 1,1765), and had three daughters "who each be- 
came the second wife of Baptist ministers — Sophia Sybil, 6 m. Rev. 
Leonard Slater, missionary to the Indians ; Sophronia Spafford, 6 m. 
Rev. Bela Hicks : Mary, 6 m. Rev. Miner G. Clarke, and has an only 
son, "William Cary, 7 in business at Chicago. Mrs. Mary G. Clarke 
has done good work with her pen. 

13. Capt. Amaziah 4 vYright (Ebenezer* Abel. 2 Abel 1 ) was born Feb. 
11, 1739, at Windham. He married, April 1, 17C2, Zerviah, dau. of Capt 
and Dea. Eleazer Fitch, of W., and had five sons and five daughters. He 
served in the war, was a farmer in Mansfield, and the executor of his fa- 
ther's last will, dated Dec. 2, 1766. and probated in 1787-8. About 1793 
-4, he removed to Salisbury, in the north-west corner of Connecticut, where 
he and his wife (who were both baptists) died not long after. But definite 
information is lacking. Their children were : 

i. Sarah, b. Tues. 2 o'clock P.M., March 29, 1763. 

25. ii. Ebenezer, b. VYednes. 1 A.M., April 10, 1765 ; m. Anna Galusha, a 

sister of Gov. Jonas G., of Shaftsbury, Yt., about 1787-8, and had 
eight children and a large posterity widely scattered. 

VOL. XXXT. 8 






82 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

iii. Zertiah, b. Nov. 21, 1767; d. nn married. 

iv. Eleazer Fitch, b. .March 22, 1S70 ; in. but lost to kindred. 

v. Deborah, b. Feb. 0, 1773 ; m. Nichols, in Salisbury, had three 

children, all dead, and she died Dec. 18, 1819, at Canfield, Ohio. 

vi. Dr. Amaziah, b. Jan. 5, 1776 ; m. Maria A. Lane, of New Mil. ford, 
Ct., Jan. 10, 1809 ; had a son George William, 6 b. March 22, 1813, 
and one daughter. He died at N. Milford, Dec. 11, 1838, alter 
a successful practice in New York city. 

vii. Eliphalet, b. Dec. 23, 1777, and d. at Salisbury, unm. 
26. viii. Thomas, b. March 1, 1779; m. Clarissa Hollenbeck, and second, 
Eliza Prvor, and had ten children; was a farmer; d. August 21, 
1854, at Hudson, 0. 

ix. Mary, b. Feb. 23, 1782 ; m. Augustus Harnmett, at Jewett City, Ct., 
and had one son, Samuel Adams,* b. Feb. 4, 1816, who was a cap- 
tain in the Mexican war, an author, and a merchant in New York 
city. Mrs. II. died in New York city April 5, 1626. 

x. Jerusha, b. Aug. 29, 1784 ; in. Ensign Church, in Salisbury, Ct., 
and had two children, when Mr. C. died in 1813. She m. second, 
Eli T. Boughton, May 22, 1814, and had four more children. One, 
Mary Sophia 6 Church, b. Feb. 20, 1807, is the wile of Judge Ebene- 
zer Newton, of Canfield, Ohio, where the mother died about 1670, 
leaving quite a posterity. 

14. Eleazer 4 Wright (Ebenezcr? Abel, 2 AbeV) was born at Mansfield, 
April 12, 1741, and m. Anna Marsh, April 25, 17G5, dau. of Joseph M., of 
Windham, b. Nov. 3, 1745, and had twelve children, four sons and eight 
daughters, all born in 31., where the parents lived and both died — the father 
Jan. 1, 1825, and the mother April 10, 1825. They were baptists, as many 
of their children and posterity are. Their children were as follows: 

i. Anna, b. Oct. 2, 1766; m. Capt. Daniel Dirnock, of Coventry, Ct., 

Nov. 16, 1766, a farmer, and had nine children. She died June 20, 

1832, and he died Aug. 1, 1833. 
ii. Parthena, b. Dec. 20, 1767. and died Sept. 2, 1769. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. July 21, 1769; m. Capt. Shubael Dirnock (cousin of 

Daniel), Jan. 23, 1789, and had eight children. She died August 1, 

1837, at Mansfield. 
iv. Eleazer, Jr. b. Feb. 23, 1771, and d. Sept. 21, 1802, unm. 
v. Marvin, b. June 8, 1772 ; d. Dec. 27, 1773. 
vi. Eliphalet, b. Nov. 30. 1774 ; d. Nov. 3, 1775. 
vii. Clara, b. Aug. 19, 1776; m. Robert Barrowes, a farmer of M., Nov. 

25, 1799, and had ten children, and d. March 3, 1636, at 31., as her 

husband did March 24, 1650. 
viii. Mary, b. May 19, 1776, and d. unm. Aug. 23, 1851. 
ix. Jemima, b. Aug. 25, 1760; m. Abram Parrish, March 15, 1801, and 

had ten children, and d. Jan. It, 1623, at Wilkesbarre, Pa. 
x. Sophia, b. Sept. 26, 1762 ; m. Horace Hanks, of M., March II, 1601, 

and had eight children — one, Rev. Sledman Wright, 6 now of Boston, 

b. Sept. 6, 1811, was a graduate of Amherst College in the class of 

1837. She died Jan. 1, 1650, at Mansfield. 
27. xi. Stedman Huntington, b. July 4, 1764; in. Polly Barrows, of M. ; 

had ten children, and died at South Weymouth, Mass., Nov. 3, 1857. 

Two of his daughters were the wives of Rev. Sylvester Barrows, a 

baptist pastor. 
xii. Orrilla, b. May 3, 1786 ; m. Ralph Storrs, of Mansfield, a farmer, 

Jan. 14, 1810, and had five children, and died March 8, 1561. 



Note. — Of other families I may not give an account at present, for want of room, 
from numbers 15 to 27, as 1 had intended. S. Wright. 

Nov, 22, 1680. 



1881.] Letters Written during the Revolution. 83 



LETTERS WRITTEN DURING THE REVOLUTION. 

Communicated by John S. H. Focg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

I. Robert Morris to John Bradford. 

John Bradford esq. Phil a DecemV 24. 1776. 

Dear Sir 

I have just received your favours of the 28 th Nov. & 5 th Dec: by 
the first it appears to me that you have written some letters that have never 
come to hand, for I know nothing about the ship loaded with Staves in 
a particular manner : nor have I heard any thing of the others you say 
were to be sold in the course of a Month. I suppose the letter in which 
these things have been mentioned must have fallen into the Enemy's hands. 
The bill you have drawn for Ace 1 of the schooner Wolfe & Cargo shall bo 
paid when presented, and I am very glad you have drawn it as I wished 
the matter settled before I left this Town : if I should be obliged to leave 
it. You must have undoubtedly heard of our unhappy situation here, the 
Enemy have marched unmolested through New Jersey with an avowed de- 
sign of taking possession of this City, & yet the Militia, or rather associa- 
tors both of that & this State cannot be prevailed on to turn out in that 
general and spirited manner that People should do on such an Occasion : 
their backwardness does not proceed from want of Spirit, but from a dissat- 
isfaction that is but too general both there & here, with the Constitutions 
formed for their future Governments, with many of the People now in 
Power, with the scarcity & high price of Salt & manv other Articles. The 
Tories & disaffected People amongst us take advantage of the present con- 
fusion, work on the fears of the timid, excite the jealousies of the suspicious, 
and in short, one way or the other prevent the Force of the Country from 
being exerted in this dav of Trval. 

I am now at the 2G th Dec r & have the pleasure to tell you the associa- 
te) rs are coming down from the back parts of this State ; those from the 
City have been with Genl. Washington for some time & I begin to have 
hopes that Phir may be preserved from the hands of our Enemies. The 
loss of it would be the most fatal blow that America could receive as our 
artificers & manufacturers have proved a Constant Magazine of Necessa- 
rys for the Army, Navy & all the other States. The Congress ad- 
journed about a fortnight ago to Baltimore in Maryland, at that time I sent 
away my Family, Books, papers, and a considerable Value in Effects, but 
having still a great deal left here I am unwilling to depart until it becomes 
absolutely necessary for personal safety, especially as I find myself very 
useful in adjusting a deal of Public business that the Congress left unfin- 
ished. I mention these things to shew you that I have not with me the 
Copies of the former letters I wrote you, nor any other of vour Letters than 

_ » w v 

the two acknowledged in the beginning of this. I cannot help regretting 
very much that your answer to my letter of the 8 th Oct never came to hand, 
for it was in that Letter of the 8 th if I remember right that I proposed 
Speculating in Prize Goods &c. Your reply therefore would have been 
very useful & for want of it I am much at a loss what to say on that subject. 
Having been called off when I had got thus far on with this letter I am 



84 Letters Written during the Revolution, [Jan. 

now at the 12 th Jan v. You will think it strange I should be so long as 
from the 24 th Dec r to the 12 tb Jany writing you a letter & so it seems to 
me, but I declare to you my time is so taken up with Public business since 
the Congress departed from hence that I am obliged to neglect my own 
affairs totally. With respect to any purchase you have made on specula- 
tion in which you have interested me or did intend to interest me, lam con- 
tent to abide by what you have done and reposing unlimited confidence in 
your judgment and integrity, I agree that you proceed in such speculations 
as I formerly proposed to the extent then mentioned, and I will send you 
monev to pay mv quota fast as you advise me of the sums necessary. Thank 
God I think our City is now perfectly safe, and as I think the British Troops 
must soon evacuate all New Jersey our intercourse will become free & open 
again: in the mean time if you are obliged to advance Money or borrow it, 
to pay a part of the purchase I will cheerfully pay the interest. 

The Congress have appointed myself vNc two other Members that hap- 
pened to remain here, a Committee to Conduct the Continental business in 
this place & plenty of it we have & are like to have. 

I gave Mr: Alex: Rose & Mr: X. Eveligh of South Carolina letters of 
introduction to you. these Gent n deposited considerable Sums of Money 
in the Loan Office here & took with them the Continental Loan Office Cer- 
tificates bearing interest. I persuaded them to this measure supposing they 
would readily get money for the notes in all or any of the Eastern States, 
but depend on you to prevent their being disappointed, of which however 
I hone there is not any danger; but rather than they should suffer I will 
send them the money from hence on notice that it is necessary. I am very 
happy to learn the Alfred is arrived in your Port & her Prize at Bedford 
in Dartmouth: the Cargo of that Prize will be particularly useful to the 
States at this time as the recruiting Service for the New Army goes on yery 
fast. The Wolfe is sailed from Virginia with a Cargo of Tob° for Curracoa 
& I hope will arrive safe. Your draft on me was paid soon as it appeared 
& if you can draw on me for any Money, wanted in our speculations the 
bills shall meet equal honor. 

I congratulate you on our late successes in Xew Jersey and with great 
esteem remain Dear Sir Your obed' hb ie Servant 

Robt. Morris. 

P. S. I expect to write you seperate letters on Public business. 

John Bradford Esq. 

[Addressed: "To | John Bradford Esq: | Agent to the Continental | 
Navy, | Boston." "Free | Robt Morris."] 



II. From Francis LigJjfoot Lee. 

Philadelphia Jany 5 1779. 
Dear Bro : 

The uncertainty of the Post last week prevented me from writing, 
and now from the uncertainty of this Letter's reaching you before you leave 
home, I am at a loss what to say. 

Common Sense has attacked Mr: Deane something in his own way, but 
I think has not made the best use of the materials in his hands : how- 
ever it appears he has stung the Gent 1 , for he has had the impudence to 
complain to Congress, of his being abused by Payne in his official charac- 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 85 

ter, in consequence of which we have had some warm debates, not much to 
Mr: Deanes advantage. The impudence and villainy of this man are be- 
yond expression : & it much increases my bad opinion of mankind, & the 
unfavorable prospect of our affairs, to find him so warmly supported. It 
appears to me at present that he will be continued in the public service, with 
an approbation of what he has done, but you will probably have time to be 
present at the shameful decision. Your piece is in the hands of Mr: Ad- 
ams for his opinion ; tho I am inclined to delay it till you come, as the 
public is likely to be entertained in the mean time. Finance is finished, 15 
million dollars raised bv tax. this year, 6 millions yearly for 16 years as a sink- 

». • J m> mi v 

ing fund, the two last large emissions, amounting to 40 odd millions, which 
are supposed most counterfeited, are called in by the 1 st June, and new money 
given in Exchange. I fear the plan will not sufficiently check the rapid 
depreciation which has lately taken place as the money has almost ceased 
to be current in the Eastern States. Altho we have regularly the report 
of the day, yet there is very little of consequence to be depended on, tho 
I believe it is certain the Enemy's Shipping at X. York, has suffered much 
by the late bad weather. It is said to day, that there is a fleet of Merchant- 
men in the mouth of the River convoyed by a french line of battle ship 
and a Dutch man of war. 

I have Letters for you from Dr: Lee late in Sept r . they are in Cypher 
& will wait for you here, nothing new in Europe when these Dispatches 
came away. If you have an opportunity to M* Airy before you leave 
home shall be obliged if vou will get from Mrs: Garrett a sealed Packet I 
left in her care : and bring it up with you, it contains my Loan Office cer- 
tificates, Lottery Tickets & some Money. Love to Chantilly & Stratford. 

Yours Affly. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

The report of the fleet in the River not true. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Bryant. — Since the article on Lt. John Bryant in this issue (pp. 37-9) was print- 
ed, I have been able to verify the statement that John Bryant married Abigail, dau. 
of Stephen Bryant. I have found recorded in the Plymouth County reeords, a deed 
dated January 24, 1669, in which Stephen Bryant conveys " to my son-in-law John 
Bryant, mariner/' &,c. 

By mistake in the same article. I made Levi Berry, who married Lusannah, dau. 
of Solomon Bryant, the son of George of Falmouth. He was the son of William of 
Falmouth, grandson of George and Sarah Stiekney, great-grandson of George and 
Elizabeth Frink ; great-great-grandson of George and Deliverance Haley, of Kit- 
tery : probably g. g. g. grandson of Joseph, and g. g. g. g. grandson of William, of 
Portsmouth, N. H., in 1631. William Berry Lapham. 

Augusta, Me. 



Portrait of the Hoy. William Adams Richardson. — A fine portrait of ETon. 
William A. Richardson, Judge of the United States Court of Claims, has been 
painted by Staigg. The subject of the picture was Secretary of the Treasury 
under Gen. Grant, and this is bis official portrait, to be put up in the Treasury De- 
partment together with those of previous secretaries. Judge Richardson was very 
popular as Judge of Probate in Middlesex County, in this state; and hia friends. 

VOL. XXXV. 8* 



86 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

recognize with pleasure the skill of the distinguished artist in placing on canvas a 
very life-like expression of his face : the firm mouth, and very keen but genial eyes 
are especially noticeable. — Boston Traveller. 

Judge Richardson is an honorary vice-president of the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society. 

Phelps. — I learn through correspondence with administrator and friends of Henry 
J. Wright (late of Hartford, Conn., deceased 1871), that information concerning 
Phelps Genealogy cannot be had through his former efforts, as " his books and 
papers which he had been to so much pains to collect, were burned in New York a 
year or two before his death." Some manuscript in regard to his own (the Wright) 
family is in existence. B. R. Phelps, Jr. 

W. R. Junction, Vt. 



Meachum. — In Savage's Gen. Diet, it is stated that " Jeremiah Meachum, of 
Salem, 16G0, married Deborah, dau. of John Brown of Watertown," &c, and died 
1695, se. 81. Having had occasion lately to look up the Meachums and Hackers, I 
find an egregious mistake regarding the above marriage, which should be set right. 
The above Jeremiah made his will April 12, 1694, at which time he styles himself 
" quite ancient, and about 81 years old." His will was proved Nov. 18, 1095, at 
which time he would be 82 years old. He also names his first wife Margaret, de- 
ceased, and his present wife Alice. 

Mr. Meachum was born about 1613. Mr. Brown, father of Deborah, born 1631, 
and the last named born 1673. 

In farther search I found it was Mr. Meachurn's grandson Jeremiah, born Dec. 
21, 1673, who married said Deborah, a partial account of whose family is on Salem 
records. I thought an abstract of the foregoing, published in the Register as erra- 
ta, would prove beneficial to the public. I would say that the grandson Jeremiah 
was son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Mary, dau. of Henry Trask. Perley Derb^. 

Salem, Mass. 



Inscription's at Wakefield. — The following inscriptions were copied by Alfred 
Poor, Esq., from the burial ground at this place : 

L l Wm. Hescy, aged about 70 years, died 30 th of May 1689. 

Nath 1 Goodwin aged 51, died Aug. 23, 1693. 

Cap* Jona. Poole died 1678, in his 44 th vear. 

Matthew Edwards, aged 52, died Dec. 23, 1683. 

Dea. Thomas Parker, one of the foundation of the Church, died Aug. 12, 1683, 
ased about 74. 



Dennysville, Me. — The 75th anniversary of the organization of the Congrega- 
tional Church at this place was celebrated there, Oct. 25, 18S0. An account of the 
services, including the Historical Address by the Rev. Charles Wbittier, the pastor, 
is printed in the Eastport Sentinel, Nov. 24, 1880. 



The Home Earm. — Messrs. Boardman & Hall, Journal Building, Augusta, Me., 
have commenced the publication of a weekly agricultural paper, under the title of 
" The Home Farm : a Journal of Practical Agriculture and Home Life." The 
editor is Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., a writer of ability, whose contributions to the 
Register have made him familiar to our readers. He has had much experience as an 
agricultural editor, having served on the staff of the Maine Farmer and American 
Cultivator. The first number was issued Nov. 13, 18S0. Each number contains 
8 quarto pages, 13i by 20 inches. The subscription price is $1.50 a year. Mr. 
Boardman makes a very interesting and valuable paper, and he and his partner have 
our good wishes for their success. 



Early Australian Newspapers. — The October, 1890, number of Walch's Literary 
Intelligencer contains a valuable bibliographical list of the eariy newspapers printed 
in the Australian colonies. The first newspaper named is the Sidney Gazette and 
Tsew South Wales Advertiser, published at Sidney by George Howe. The first num- 
ber bears date March 5, 1803. 



1881.] 



Notes and Queries. 



87 



Census of New Hampshire, 1775. — The following is a copy of an apparently 
contemporary document furnished for the Register by John Langdon Sibley, A.M., 
late librarian of Harvard University : 

Nvmbcr of Inhabitants — Extract — Min t3 of Com tee of Safety 1775. 















© 




-u 






w-. 


ei 








C5 




ea 






o 

s- 
© 

O 


a 
>> 

o 
o 

o 


05 

© 
© 


s 

<! 




00/ 

© 


.5 

*o 

tc 

© 

Pi 

Q 


a 

© 
1 


o 




^^ 


«© 


o 


o 




c3 


C5 


i 


-*> 02 


Counties 


OP u 


^^ 


o 


"+J 




CO 


© 


© 






w 


s 


> 
o 


.2 


CD 


*3 


^2 


a 






c 

a:- 


o 

© 


CO 

© 


03 
P 
O 


2 

© 


00 

o 

o 

5-1 


© 
O 


3 

a 


C — < 

■*e -© 

© -^ 

4J ^ 




— 


i i 


.-» 




fcH 


© 


a 


-k3 
© 


~-^ 




S 




*r1 


PW 




£ 


<l 


feS 


Jl 


Rockingham 


9165 


6283 


1S65 


1027 


19070 


440 


37850 


• • • • 


37.850 


Stra fiord 


3371 


2232 


520 


275 


6162 


103 


12713 


■ • « • 


12,713 


Hillsborough 


4300 


2563 


610 


650 


/ /3y 


87 


15947 


500 


16,447 


Cheshire 


2y-3 


2009 


3-23 


376 


496 L 


i 


10659 


430 


1 1 .089 


Grafton 


1044 


634 


118 


158 


1698 


24 


3876 


225 


4,101 




20,863 


13.971 


3,436 


2,486 


39,628 


661 


81,045 


1155 


82,200 



[Underneath in another hand is :] 

Massachusetts March 1776. 

343876 Whites 
5249 Blacks 

352171 Whites 1766 
4371 Blacks 






Library of toe late Hon*. William Green - .— We would call the attention of our 
readers to the tale of this valuable library, advertised in the present number of 
the Register, and to the review of its catalogue among our " Book Notices." 



Queries. 

Hezekiah Hayden. — Stiles, in History of Windsor, says he was taken prisoner 
in 1776 and died of starvation on board the prison ship at New York. He was then 
35 years old. Was be a married man ? Did he leave any children? 

Charles Hayden, the father of Judge Chester Hayden, of Oneida Co., N. Y. , 
was born Wallingford, Conn.. Sept. 20, 1762. His father, according to family tra- 
dition, " died on b-rard the British prison ship Jersey." Was he a son of Heze- 
kiah ? The writer will be very grateful for an answer. 

Wilkes Barre, Pa. Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 



Saunderson, Swallow and Warner. — Information is desired which will lead to 
the identification of the persons named in the following items : 

'* Susanna Saunderson married Joseph Swallow." 

" Samuel Warner was manied to Marah Swallow the 4th of May 1684." 

The latter is found in the records of the old town of Dunstable, now preserved at 
Nashua, N. II. Edward E. Swallow. 

Need ham, Mass. 



Dennis. — Any one possessing any records or items concerning the family of 
" Dennis," of the colonies of Massachusetts or Rhode I-land prior to 1776, will 
please forward the same to the undersigned, and in this way assist in establishing 
a reliable record of the family back to the English County families. 

Auburn, N. Y. C. E. Dennis. 



88 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 



> t rigiit. — Can any one help me in reference to the following dates and persons 
he Capt. Aniaziah 4 Wright family? Capt. Amaziah W., son of Ebenezer 3 and Sa- 
,,. (Huntington) Wright, of Mansfield, born Feb. 11, 1739 : m. Zerviah Fitch, April 
1, 1762, a daughter of Captain and Deacon Eleazer F., of Windham. Conn. He 
lived in Mansfield most of his life, where his ten children -were born from 17G3 to 



Wrigfit 
ofth 
rah 



1785. He settled the estate of his father, who died April 22, 1760, in M., and re- 
moved soon afterwards to Salisbury near the northwest corner of the state, where he 
and his wife died, and also son Eliphalet 5 born Dec. 28, 1777. 

Who can give the dates of these three deaths ? or any of them from tombstone 
inscriptions or authentic records? Or the date of their settlement in Salisbury ? 

Again : he had a son Eleazer Fitch 5 W., born March 2-2, 1770 ; m. (can any 

one sa 

df 

ai_ 

them unmarried, years ago. Who can give any knowledge of this family, or any 

of them ? or their P. 0. address, so I may trv to reach them? 

Glen's Falls, N. Y..Dec. ISSO. S. Wright. 



Again : he had a son Eleazer Fitch 5 W., born March 22, 1770 ; m. (can any 

me say to whom ?), removed to central or western New York, and had sons and 
laughters — Walter, 6 Maria. 5 Caroline* and Electa. 6 Caroline married Mr. Rich- 
ird Morris and went to Cedar Lake, Waushara Co., Wis.; and Maria lived with 



Wood. — Any one possessing any records or items concerning the family of 
" Wood,*' of the colony of Rhode Island, prior to the marriage of Isaac Wood and 
Ruth Barker, of Dartmouth. R. I., about 1755, will please forward the same to the 
undersigned, and in this way assist in establishing a reliable record of the family, 
back to the English County families, if possible. C. E. Dennis. 

Auburn, A', x . 



Early Boston born Child. — Ipswich, Nov. 27, 1730. On Thursday last in the 
Forenoon died here Mrs. Grace Graves, Widow, in the 99th Year of her Ag'e. She 
was one of the first Female English Children that was Born in Boston in New Eng- 
land ; She retained her reason and understanding to a good degree to the last. — 
Boston Gazette, Nov. 30, 1730. 

Query. What was her maiden name ? 



Pemberton, — Rev. Ebenezer, D.D., installed over Brick Church, Boston, 1754; 
m. Anna, daughter of John Pownall, Esq., when? She died in Boston, March 8, 
1770, set. 47 years. He made his will, June, 1777, mentions no wife, but gives to 
Susannah, wife of Rev. Mr. Syms, of Andover, and sister to the testator's last wife, 
seven worked chairs which belonged tc his said wife. He died Sept. 9, 1777, ast. 73. 
What were the maiden names of his previous wife or wives, and when did he marry 
them ? 

It appears from a deed of Ebenezer Waters, of Boston, dated July, 1780, record- 
ed Suffolk Probate. Bk. 158 : 155. that he sells to Henry Newhall, of Boston, ship- 
wright, who had married his niece Hannah Newhall. deceased, house and land near 
Bennett Street, given and granted by John Charnock to John Pirn, and devised by 
said Pim to his wife Hannah, who afterwards married the aforesaid Henry New- 
hall, and their estate which 14 my said niece inherited after the death of her sister, 
the wife of Parson Pemberton, deceased." 

I am inclined to think from the above, that one of bis wives was a Watcra, 
Salem, Mass. Matthew A. Stick.net. 



Angier, Colsox, IIowland, Phillips, Tilden and Osment. — Information is de- 
sired of the parentage of Dorothy , wife of Samuel Angier, of Cambridge. She 

was born 1088 (probably July), died at Pembroke, Sept. 14, 1752. 

Of Ann Colson, who married A brain Howland, of Duxbury or Pembroke, about 
1700. 

Of Thomas Phillips, of Duxbury, who died Dec. 17, 1759, aged 81 years. IIi3 
mother's name was Mary. 

Name and parentage of the wives of Samuel Tilden, born 1G60, of Scituate, and 
Samuel Tilden, born 1718, of Scituate or Marshfield. 

Any information concerning the name of Osment, or any family of the name. 
It appears in Plymouth Deeds (1 think but once) in 1711. 

So. Hanover, Mass. C. T. Phillips. 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 89 

Concord (Ms.) Sleepy Hollow Burial Ground. — On the most elevated portion 
of this cemetery is a slab over a tomb more than a hundred years old, if I mistake 
not, containing the remains of a Mr. Bond. After enumerating his virtues and the 
honors paid to him, the inscription terminates with the following quotation : — 
" What now but immortality can please?" 

Over another tomb or grave, near by, the slab records the death of a Mr. Beatton, 
and states at the end, in quotation marks, " lie closed his eyes and saw his God." 

From whom or what are these quaint quotations ? L. 



Mayo, Merrick and Clark. — Deacon Joseph Mayo, of Brewster, or Harwich (?), 
Mass. (born 1C ( J6, died 1772) ; married in 1717-18, Abigail Merrick or Myrick. 
"Who were her parents and grandparents? 

Scotto Clark, of Harwich, Mass. (born 16S0), was married in 1706 to Mary . 

Whose daughter was she ? N. F. Clarke. 

81 Milk Street, Boston. 



Nicholas Youngman, born in Boston, Oct. 18, 1723 ; married Mary Wright; was 
living in Dunstable, N. 11., in 1756, and in Hollis in 1770. Can any one inform 
me when and where he married ? where he lived previous to 1756, and where be- 
tween 1756 and 1770? He had sons John and Thomas, who each served during 
the revolutionary war, and afterwards settled in Vermont. Can any one inform me 
in what towns ? Please address : David Youngman. 

Boston, Mass., 657 Tremont St. 



Mather, Jeremiah. — Joseph Riggs, of Roxbury, Mass., in his will, dated Feb. 5, 
1714-15, proved May 5, 1715, speaks of his daughter Hannah Mather, and her hus- 
band Jeremiah Mather. Who was this Jeremiah Mather? To what family did he 
belong? William B. Tkask. 



Value of a Pound in Mass. and Conn. Colonies at Different Periods. — What 
was the value of a pound, "old tenor," in .Mass. Colony in 1646? in 1688? in 1716? 
In Conn. Colony in 1749? in 1754? in 1765? in 1775? and 1780? Was the value 
of the pound nearly the same in Massachusetts, R. Island and Corn, colonies at the 
same time? I think the value of the pound was generally regulated by the worth 
of an ounce of silver plate. What was the value of an ounce of silver at each time 
specified? When did the value of a pound in this country first become the same as 
in England? Address: J. Quincy Adams. 

Natick, Kent Co., R. 1. 



Sweet. — Can any one give me the date and place of birth, and of the marriage of 
Silas Sweet, who died Nov. 25, 1822, and who was buried at or near Bradford, Vt. ? 
His wife, Mary Blackman, died Feb. 27, 1827. Silas was the father of Paul and 
the grandfather of the Hon. Ezra Smith Sweet — the writer's grandfather. Any further 
information respecting Silas or his antecedents will be gladly received and duly 
appreciated. Chas. Sweet Johnson. 

1121 Tenth St., Washington, D. C. 



Replies. 

French Priests mentioned by Penhallow. — In the Register, xxxiv. 00-3, was 
printed a report by Samuel Penhallow of a mission by Theodore Atkinson and 
himself in 1703, to the E^enobscot Indians. In it three friars, Monsieurs Pelas- 
sus, Gaulin, and Philip Rogent, are mentioned. We wrote to John Gihnary Shea, 
LL.D., of Elizabeth, N. J., asking for information relative to them. He answers 
as follows : 

" Rev. Michael Anthony Gaulin was a priest of the Seminary of Quebec, and Mis- 
sionary Apostolic. He was born in the parish of la Sainte Famiile, Isle Orleans, 
his parents being Francis Gaulin and Mary Rocheron. He was ordained priest Dec. 
21, 1607. — Tainguay, Repertoire Gen., p. 71. He succeeded Thury on the Penobscot in 
1690, and as missionary of the Abenakis of Acadia, attended the great treaty of 



90 JSTotes and Queries. [Jan. 

Montreal in 1700. — N. Y. Col. Doc. ix. p. 7:20. He remained with the Penobscot 
Indians with Rev. Mr. Rageot till 1703, and returned to Quebec in Sept. 170-1. Mr. 
Noiseaux, a Canadian compiler some years ago. states that he founded a mission 
among the Cenis in Texas, and was there two years. The Spanish Franciscans had 
missions in that tribe, and would not have permitted a French priest there. Nor 
does Gaulin's name appear in any Louisiana document. This statement looks very 
doubtful. lie was certainly near Port Royal in 1711. and in September notified Cos- 
tebelle of the weakness of the English garrison, and that the Acadians and Indians 
needed only a French officer to carry the place. — Canada Doc. ii. pp. 893-6 ; N. Y. 
Col. Doc. ix. 859, 929. 

" He at this time owned a bark on the coast, which was apparently taken by Eng- 
lish privateers (ib. p. 930). In 1713 he was asked to urge the Acadians and In- 
dians to remove to Louisburg. In 17-20, as missionary to the Micmacs. he induced 
them to make peace with the English, and incurred the displeasure of the French 
authorities. — N . Y. Col. Doc. ix. 950. He was still there later and was imprisoned by 
the English — Charlevoix, v. p. 297, but was still on his mission work in 1727-8. 
He died at the Hotel Dieu. Quebec. March 6, 1740. aged 66, and was buried in the 
Cathedral, in the sanctuary of the Holy Family. — Tainguay, Repertoire, p. 71. 

His associate, Rev. Philip Rageot, evidently the Rogent of Penhallow, was born 
at Quebec, June 11, 1678, son of Giles Rageot and Magdalen Morin, and was or- 
dained July 14, 1701. 

" From 1704 to his death in 1711, he was engased in parochial duties in Canada, 
and was at the time of his decease, cure (i. c. parish priest) of Kamouraska. — Tain- 
guay, Repcrt. 

" Monshiur Pelassus, the Norridgewalk friar, puzzles me. Rasles could not easily 
be twisted into Pelassus, yet I think he was intended ; for I know no other name 
that will come near it." 



Allen (vol. xxxiv. p. 204). — I am informed by E. C. Leonard, E«q., of New Bed- 
ford, that my grandfather, John Allen, who came to this town from Plymouth, 
Mass., about 1810, was of the sixth generation from Geor<je x Allen of Sandwich, 1610, 
through Ralph,- Joseph, 3 William,* and William 5 his father. 

Croydon, N. H. Alonzo Allen. 

Windham Canada. — In the Register for April, 1880 (vol. xxxiv. p. 203), F. C. 
Pierce inquires where Windham village, alias " Canada."' was located. The man- 
ual of the old Congregational Church in Windham, Ct. (formed Dec. 10. 1700), and 
printed at Norwich in 1560, now before me, says : " In 1723, a Colony of over sixty 
members was dismissed to form a church at ' Canada,' now Hampton." Docs not 
this fact settle his question ? But further : in this manual a list of more than 
1280 names are printed, and among them occur those of Elizabeth and Ruth Bernis 
(Nos. 224 and 374), who went from the Windham to form this Hampton church. 
This may account for the dismissal of " Stephen Pierce and wife Abigail Bernis to 
Windham Canada" — as some of her kindred already may have lived there in 
1732. S. Wright. 

Glen's Falls, N. Y., Dec. 10, 1880. 

[Barber (Conn. Hist. Coll. 424) calls it " Kennedy."— Ed. J 



Announcements. 

History of the First Cnrp.cn in Boston. — Arthur B. Ellis, son of the Rev. Rufus 
Ellis, D.D., pastor of the First Church in Boston, is writing a history of that church 
from 1630 to 1860. His uncle, the Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., will furnish a pre- 
face to the work. The first chapter has been printed as a specimen of the work, 
which promises to be one of much merit. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of the^e genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 91 

Aylsworlh. By Dr. Homer E. Aylsworth, of Roseville, Warren county, 111. — 
The ancestor of this family was Arthur Aylsworth or Aylworth, who emigrated 
before July 29, 1679, married Mary Brown, of Providence, R. I., and settled in N. 
Kingston, R. I., where he died in 1725. leaving six sons. 

Cleveland. By J. B. Cleveland, of Oneonta, Otsego County, N. Y. — This 
is intended to contain a record of all the Cleveland? in America descended from 
Moses Cleveland, who emigrated in 1635 and settled in Woburn, Mass. I: will be 
published in quarterly numbers of from 48 to 60 pages, at 50 cents each y or 6 num- 
bers for $2.50. The whole work will be furnished for $5. The first number will 
probably be issued in February, 1681. It may be ordered of the author, as above, 
or of H. G. Cleveland. Clifton House, Chicago, 111. 

Emerson. By Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, Ph.D., of Amherst College, Am- 
herst, Mass. — He has been for a long time engaged in collecting materials for an 
Emerson genealogy. 

Hopkins. By James H. Hopkins. 9 Hollis Hall, Cambridge, Mass. — Mr. Hop- 
kins is tracing the descendants of Stephen Hopkins, of Plymouth, who came in the 
Mayflower, particularly the branch that settled in Barnstable county. Those who 
claim to be descendants of the Pilgrim are requested to send him any facts that will 
aid him. 

Jacobs. By John A. Alton, of Webster, Mass. 

Learned. By the Hon. William L. Learned, justice of the Supreme Court of 
New York, Albany, N. Y.— Judge Learned is preparing a genealogy of the family 
of Learned — otherwise spelled Lamed, Learnard, and Lerned — descendants of Wil- 
liam Learned, of Charlestown, Mass. 

Merriam. By M. B. Merriam, 9 Joy Street, Boston, Mass. — The work is now in 
preparation for the press. Family data, anecdotes, or any other material suited to 
add to the interest of the work, may be addressed as above. 

Payson. By John P. Payson, of Chelsea, Mass. — Mr. Payson has been engaged in 
collecting materials for a genealogy of this family for upwards of thirty years, and 
has nearly completed the lines of Massachusetts, New York, Connecticut, Penn- 
sylvania, Maine, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, He would like definite informa- 
tion regarding any of these lines of descent. He has had the use of the collections 
of the late Rev. Abner Morse, of Boston, and the late Lewis F. Payson, E-q., of 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Pierce. By Fred. B. Pierce, 47 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. — The genealogy of 
the Pierce family, from Thomas Pierce, of England, who settled with his family in 
Charlestown, Mass., in 1634. to the present time, is now, after a hard and laborious 
work of about ten years and at great expense, completed — and will be published, 
provided enough subscriptions can be obtained. It will include facsimiles of over 
three hundred original autographs, including that of the original ancestor, besides 
steel-plate engravings, heliotypes, and copies of original deedsTand wills. It will be 
a work of some 500 pages, and will cost $5 per copy. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts. Wednesday, September 1. — A stated meeting was held 
at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the pre- 
sident, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. In the absence of the recording 
secretary, George 11. Allen was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The president announced the death of the historiographer, the Rev. Samuel Cut- 
ler, and appointed the Rev. Drs. Doras Clarke and Thomas R. Lambert, and Wil- 
liam B. Trask a committee to prepare resolutions of respect to his memory. 

A nominating committee for 18-60-81 was chosen, viz., the Rev. Increase N. Tar- 
box, D.D., the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, the Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford, C. Carleton 
Coffin and Elbridgc H. Goss. 

William Lawton, of New Rochelle, N. Y., a retired New York merchant, eighty- 
six years old, gave some interesting reminiscences of that city in the early part of 
this century. 

George 11. Allan real a paper on " Col. John Crane of the Massachusetts Ar- 
tillery." 



92 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 

The president nest introduced the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., secretary of the 
Royal Historical Society of Great Britain, then on a visit to this country, who made 
some remarks upon the fraternal relations between his own country and the United 
States. 

The president, in the name of the society, thanked Dr. Rogers for his eloquent 
address and his good wishes, and on his retiring to fill an engagement elsewhere, the 
members honored him by rising as he left the hall. 

Thanks were voted to Messrs. Lawton and Allan, and Dr. Rogers. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 153 volumes and 300 pamphlets, as do- 
nations since the last meeting. 

William C. Bates, historiographer pro tern., reported memorial sketches of six 
deceased members, namely. Edmund B. O'Callaghan, M.D., LL.D. of New York, 
Rev. Samuel Cutler of Boston. Rev. Daniel Lancaster of New York, Nathaniel C. 
Nash, Simeon P. Adams, and Strong B. Thompson of Boston. 

The lion. Thomas C. Amory. chairman of the committee on heraldry, made a re- 
port on the question whether Gox. John Leverett was knighted by Charles II., as 
has been assumed by some modern writers. 

The president announced that the society had been invited by the city authorities 
to take part in the procession in honor of Boston's 250th anniversary on the 17th 
of this month.* 

October 6. — A cjuarterly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in 
the chair. 

William W. Wheildon made some remarks upon the approaching centenary of 
the constitution of Massachusetts on the 25th of this month. He thought, though 
it was too late to celebrate so important an event in a suitable manner, the day 
should not be suffered to pass without some observance. The matter was referred 
to the board of directors with full powers. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D D.. chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported the names of John Ward Dean. A.M., Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., Rev. 
Edmund F. Slalter. A.M., Jeremiah Colburn. A.M., William B. Trask, Henry F. 
Waters, A.B., and Henry H. £des, as a committee on publication for the ensuing 
year, and they were unanimously elected. 

William A. Mowry, A.M., of Providence. R. I., read a paper on " Our Posses- 
sions in Oregon; How we Secured them and how we Retained them." 

Remarks on the subject and the paper followed from C. Carleton Coffin, Hon. 
Stephen M. Allen and President Wilder, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 
Mowry. 

The librarian reported 23 volumes and 69 pamphlets as donations. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing the membership to which they had been elected, from Alexander Brown, of 
Norwood, Va., as corresponding; and Alonzo B. Wentworth, of Dedham, R. A. 
Ballou of Boston, J. C. Kittredge of Tewksbury, and Charles A. Rogers of Boston, 
as resident members. 

William C. Bates, historiographer pro tern., reported memorial sketches of three 
deceased members, namely, the Rev. John Waddinston, D.D., of London, Lng., 
the Hon. Aaron C. Mayhew of Milford, and Richard W. Sears of Boston. 

* The 250th anniversary of the settlement of Boston occurred on the 17th of September, 
1880. The society having b-en invited to take part in the r-eremonie^, joined the procession 
in fourteen carriages, the hr~t of which was the em-nacre of Gov. Eustis, in which Gen. Lafay- 
ette entered Boston in I82i. The following members occupied the^c carriages, namely. Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, president; Hon«. George C. Richardson, Israel Washburn and Joseph B. 
Walker, vice-pre-t'r- ; Mr. William II. Montague, the !a-t survivor of the founders of the soci- 
ety ; Hon. Nathaniel F. S ;lford and Messrs. Jeremiih Colburn, William B. Trask and John 
Ward Dean, committee of arrangements ; Mr. Isaac Child, Hon. Edward S Moseley, Mr. 
Aaron D. Weld, Col. Henry Smith, Hon. Francis B. Hayes. Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey. Mr. 
J. Henry Stickney, Hon. Stephen M. Allen, Hon. George L. Davis Hon. Geonre Cogs- 
well, Mr. George Craf-. Mr. Elbridge Wason, Mr. Edward P. Buvnham, Hon. Edwin H. 
Bughee, Hon. James W. Clark, Hon. Ods Clapo, Hon. Cyrus Woodman, Hon. James W. 
Austin, Mr. George K. Clarke, Hon. Charles L. Flint, Mr. Daniel T. V. Huntoon, ilon. 
Samuel B. Noves, Mr. AnVed H. Hersev, Mr. John W. Letherhee, Mr. Horatio N. Perkins, 
Mr. Elisha Clarke Leonard. Edward T. Eastman, M.D., Mr. David Pulsifer, William H. 
Page,M.D., Mr. John T. Moulton, Mr. C. Granville Way. Mr. Oliver B. Sfebbins, Mr. Eb- 
enezer C. Millikcn, Mr. Edward Russell, Rev. Joshua P. Bodfish, and Capt. Pierce W. 
Penhallow. The occupants of the Lafayette carriage were, Mr. Benjamin G. Smith, 
marshal, Mr. William L. Baker, the owner of the carriage, and his son Master Walter F. 
Baker. 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings, 93 

Monday, October 25. — A special meeting to commemorate the centenary of the 
constitution was held at the Society's House, at three o'clock this afternoon, it 
being one hundred years this day since the organization of the government of Mas- 
sachusetts under the constitution of 1780. President Wilder presided. In the ab- 
sence of the recording secretary, George II. Allan was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The president made some introductory remarks, and read a letter from the lion. 
Robert C. Winthrop, president of the Massachusetts Historical Society, expressing 
regret at his inability to be present ; also a note from His Excellency John D. Long, 
governor of the Commonwealth, who had intended to be present, but was prevented 
by a prolonged executive session. 

Historical papers, suitable to the occasion, were read by William W". Wheilden, 
of Concord, and the Hon. Thomas C. Amory and the Hon. Nathaniel F. SaSbrd, of 
Boston, for which thanks were voted. 

Remarks were made by the Hon. G. Washington "Warren, David Pulsifer and 
George 11. Allan. 

Wednesday, November 3. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President 
"Wilder in the chair. 

The president announced the death of Simeon P. Adams, E^q. , a life member, 
who left a legacy to the society, and appointed the Hon. G. Washington Warren, 
the Hon. James W. Austin and George T. Littlefield a committee to prepare reso- 
lutions of respect to his memory. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee appointed for the pur- 
pose, reported resolutions on the death of the Rev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer 
of the society, in which the principal events in his life were recited ; and regret was 
expressed at the loss of a sincere friend, a wise counsellor and a faithful officer. 
Alter remarks by William C. Bates, Dr. William M. Cornell and the president, 
the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Charles Carleton Coffin then read a paper on " The History of the Northwest and 
its Future Relations to Boston.'' 

Remarks were made bv several members, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 
Coffin. 

The librarian reported 12 volumes and 28 pamphlets as donations. 

The historiographer pro (em. retorted memorial sketches of six deceased members, 
namely, the Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., Thomas C. Smith, the Rev. Frederic A. 
Whitney, the Hon. William B. Spooner and the Hon. John T. Clark, of Boston ; 
and Joseph Leeds, of Philadelphia. 

December 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon. President Wilder being 
absent, the Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, A.M., wa< chosen president pro tern. 

David G. Haskins, Jr., read a paper on " The United States and the Indians." 
Remarks followed from several gentlemen, and thanks were voted to Mr. Haskins. 

The librarian reported 19 volumes and 153 pamphlets as donations. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, October 5, 1680. — A quarterly meeting was held this eve- 
ning, at 7.45 o'clock, at the Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. 
Zachariah Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, reported the donations since the last 
quarterly meeting, and gave a retrospect of his connection with the society as libra- 
rian, to which office he was elected January, 1851, nearly thirty years ago. He thus 
concludes his report : 

" And now, Mr. President, with duties of a domestic and personal nature de- 
manding in future a large portion of my time, I now, with no common emotion, 
fulfil a purpose lon^ since formed, and respectfully resign my office as librarian of 
the Rhode island Historical Society." 

At the conclusion of the reading of the paper, the following resolutions, drawn 
up by Prof. J. Lewis Diman, were unanimously passed : 

V\ hereas, the Rev. Edwin M. Stone has tendered his resignation of the office 
of Librarian and Cabinet Keeper of the Rhode Lsland Historical Society, held by 
him for the past thirty years, 

R'.sotvfd— That in accepting the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Stone, the Historical 
Society desires to express its sense of the zeal shown by him during this long period 
in promoting the interests of the Society, and that the thanks of the Society be ten- 
dered to him.'' 

VOL. XXXV. 9 



94 BTecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. \_Ji\\\. 

Sidney S. Rider, in behalf of the library committee, made an exhaustive report 
upon the improvement recently introduced. Rules for the regulation of the library 
"were then adopted. 

Tuesday, Oct. 10.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the chair. 
The attendance, bath of ladies and gentlemen, was unusually large. 

Sidney S. Rider read a defence of two Rhode Island writers (Rev. James D. 
Knowles and Prof. William Gaminell) against a charge of falsification; after 
which lie presented, by the aid of the stereopticon, photographs of a variety of his- 
toric relics. Thanks were voted to Mr. Rider. 

Thursday, Nov. 4. — A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 
chair. 

William A. Mowry, A.M., read a paper on " Our Possessions in Oregon : How 
we Secured them, and How we Retained them." 

Remarks on the subject followed from the Hon. Amos C. Rarstow and President 
Allen. Thanks were voted to Mr. Mowry. 

Tuesday, Nov. 16.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 
chair. 

Stephen B. Miller, of Hudson, X. Y., read a paper on " Hudson and Providence." 
The former place was settled by Providence people about a century ago. Remarks 
followed by Charles E. Carpenter, Prof. John VV. P. Jencks, Hon. Amos Perry and 
Col. Nicholas Van Slyck, and thanks were voted to Mr. Miller. 

Thursday, Dec. 2. — A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 
chair. 

Col. John "Ward, of New York city, read a paper on "Rhode Island's States- 
men at the period of the Stamp Act and during the Early Sessions of the Continen- 
tal Congress." 

Remarks followed from the president. Prof. Gammell, Prof. Diman and the Hon. 
Amos Perry, and thanks were voted to Col. Ward. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by William C. Bates, Esq., Historiographer pro tern, of the Society. 

The historiographer 'pro tern, would inform the society, that the memo- 
rial sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the " Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The first volume, prepared under the 
direction of a committee appointed for the purpose, has just been issued. 

The Hon. Aaron Clafllv Mayijew, of Milford, Mass., a life member and benefac- 
tor, died there, Sept. 20, 1680, aired 68 years. 

Mr. Mayhew was born at Hopkinton, Mass., July 22, 1812, the son of John and 
Nancy (Freeland) Mayhew. lie was educated at the common schools of Hjpkinton 
and Framingham, and attended one term at the Franiingham Academy. At the 
age of seventeen lie went to learn the tanning and currier trade with the Hon. Lee 
Claflin, of Milford. In 1635 he engaged with Mr. David S. Godfrey in the manu- 
facture of leather and boots and shoes, the firm being Godfrey & Mayhew. On the 
death of Mr. Godfrey the firm became in 1653 A. C. Mayhew & Co. 

Mr. Mayhew was successful in business and acquired a competency. He married, 
April 23, 1834, Olivia Loring Sumner, and had — 1. Sarah Elizabeth, born July 2G, 
1835 ; 2. John Sumner, born Feb. 11, 1813. Both of them, with the widow of Mr. 
Mayhew, survive. 

Mr. Mayhew was a man of untiring industry and energy, and was deeply inter- 
ested in public affairs. He was a prominent Republican, and had beta a member 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 95 

of the State Central and District Committees. For two years, 1859-00. he was a 
member of the Governor's Council (with Gov. Banks), and in 1875 and 1870 was 
a member of the State Senate. lie was twice a member of the house of representa- 
tives. For many years he was president of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company; 
vice-president of the Milford Savings Bank. From 1854 he was president of the 
Mil ford National Bank. 
He was admitted to membership Dec. 31, 1S73. 

Nathaniel Cushixg Nash, Esq.. of Arlington, Mass., a life member and bene- 
factor, died at' Arlington. August 31, 1880, aged 76 years. 

He was born at Seituate. Mass., April 6, 1801, a son of John and Deborah (Cash- 
ing) Nash, lie attended the common school of his native town ; came at an early 
age to Boston and entered the store of the late Joshua Sears. For many years he 
was engaged in the wholesale grocery business : and ol late years was largely in- 
terested in the importation of sugar and molasses, and in the Revere Sugar Refine- 
ry, the firm name being Nash, Spaulding & Co. ; but for several years preceding 
his death he did not take an active part in business. 

He acquired a large property during his long business career, and was noted as 
one of the solid business men of B.»st on. His education had been mainly that of 
affairs; and he brought to bear upon the questions of the day not only a sound 
business judgment, but a far-seeing mind which looked to results beyond the pre- 
sent. His interest in public affairs led him to considerable activity in promoting 
movements likely to enhance the public welfare. He was an early advocate of the 
levelling or removing of Fort Hill, Boston, and was among the first to recognize the 
need of better buildings for business purposes. He was earnestly in favor of the 
opening of the Boston Public Library on Sundays, and was an active opponent of 
monopolies, among which he classed the supply of gas in cities. Mr Nash was an 
opponent of slavery and an adherent of the republican party from its organization. 
He sympathized with the theological views of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, being 
what is called a liberal, progressive man. He was firm in his opinions and out- 
spoken in their expression, securing the respect of those who differed, from him by 
his evident sincerity, and by the ability with which he advocated his own views. 
While hardly, in the general sense, a public sneaker, he could well express his con- 
victions and enforce them by the logic of facts. 

Mr. Nash was called to public service in the Common Council of the city of B >ston 
in 1-56. in the Board of Aldermen from 1804 to 1807, and to the state legislature in 
1858, 1808 and 1809. 

He married, May 31, 1849. Lucy Turner Brings, who deceased April 14. 1802. 
One son survives, Nathaniel Cushing Nash, born April 4, 1802. who entered Har- 
vard College, 1880. 

Mr. Nash left a large property and made several public bequests. The later years 
of Mr. Nash were spent at Arlington, Mass., where he died. 

His membership in this Society Is from Dec. 31, 1873. 

The Rev. Daniel Lancaster, A.M.. of New York city, a corresponding member 
since Nov. 10, 184ft, died at New York, May 28. 1880, aged 83. 

He was born at Acworth, N.H.. Nov. 30, 179ft. the son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
(Davidson) Lancaster, and was graduated at Dartmouth College in 1621, and at 
Andover Theological Seminary 1824. He was ordained pastor of the Fust Congre- 
gational Church at Gilinanton, Sept. 21, 1825, and was dismissed July 25, 1832. 
After supplying from August, ls32. he was installed pastor of the Centre Church 
in that town, and continued there till Jan. 20. 1852. During this time Mr. Lan- 
caster gained a wide influence in the denomination to which he belonged. He 
was for twelve years secretary of the State Bible Society, and nine years scribe of 
the DeerCeld Congregational Association ; he was many years a tru-tee of the New 
Hampshire Missionary Society and of the Gilmanton Academy. For three years 
he was Chaplain of the State Insane Asylum, and for one session was chaplain of 
the legislature. In 1845 he publi-hed a [list »ry of Gilmanton. N. II. 

After leaving New Hampshire he was aetintr pastor at Middletown, N. Y., from 
1855 to lf-59. Alter the latter date he resided in New York city. 

He was chiefly instrumental in the formation of the Dartmouth College Alumni 
Association of New York, and was the last surviving member of his class" 

Mr. Lancaster was twice married : Auir 29. 1^27, to Annie E. Lemist, daughter 
of John Lemist, of Dorchester ; and second to Eliza G. Greely, daughter of Daniel 
Greely, Esq., of Foxcroft, .Me., Feb. 14, 1831. 



-\ 96 JVecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Richard Willard Sears, Esq., a resident member, died suddenly on the morning 
of Sept. 15, 1850. 

lie was born at Boston, Xov. 22, 1835. and was the son of Eben Sears, formerly 
a well known builder of this city, by his wife Eliza, daughter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Warden) Crease. 

He was seventh in direct lineage from Richard 1 Sears the Pilgrim, who came over 
with the last sixty of John Robinson's congregation from Levden, and landed at 
Plymouth, May 6, 1630, through Paul.- Capt. John. 3 Willard. 4 Willard, 6 and 
Eben. 6 He was descended also from Gov. Prince, Eider William Brewster, John 
liowland and other fathers of the Old Colony. 

Early left an orphan, he was placed by his uncle and guardian , Mr. Willard 
Sears, at school at Easthamotou, and afterwards at Phillips Academy, Exeter. N. H. 
On completing- his education in 1654. lie sailed for the West Indies as supercargo 
in the barque " Alfred Hill," belonnimr to the firm of Hill, Sears Sc Co.. of which 
his brother was a member, it being her first voyage. At Matanzas he was brought 
to death's door by a violent attack of yellow tever. from which he barely recovered, 
having to lament the loss of his compagyion du voyaye, Henry Mead, son of Samuel 
0. Mead, formerly of Belmont. 

Soon alter his return home, lie was offered a position in the Banking House of 
Coolbaugh & Brooks. Burlington. Iowa, but alter one or two years service he left 
them to become a partner with his brother in the firm of E. & R. W. Sears, ship- 
ping merchants of this city. Since the decline of this business, consequent upon 
the rebellion, Mr. Sears has devoted his attention to mining interests, in connec- 
tion with which he recently spent a year in Colorado. 

Eor several years he had been a great sufferer from inflammatory rheumatism, 
and once pasted a year in Europe in hopes of setting relief at some o( the mineral 
springs. During the last two years his health had been very precarious, and he 
was aware that he was liable to a fatal attack at any time. The evening before his 
death he spent at his brother's house, suffering extremely from pain in his left 
hand and wrist, which were excessively swollen, and was obliged to leave at an 
early hour for his room at the Parker House, retiring about 8 P.M., though the 
waiter was in attendance upon him till near 2, A.M. In the morning his brother 
cailed and found him, as he supposed, quietly sleeping, and was about to leave the 
room without disturbing him, when upon a closer examination he found that he 
was dead. From Ids perfectly natural position and placid expression it was evident 
he had passed away without a struggle. 

Mr. bears was of a very sunny, genial disposition, always thoughtful for others, 
kind hearted to a fault. Throughout his iife he attached to himself hosts of friends, 
who now deeply feel his loss. He vas never married. 

His elder brother. Mr. Eben Sears, survives him, and also two sisters, Mrs. Emma 
E. May and Mrs. Adelaide L. Oilman, of Newton. 

Mr. Sears was a member of Revere Lodge. St. Andrew's R. A. Chapter, St. Ber- 
nard Commandery, Sovereign Consistory 32°, the Athenian, Apollo, and Artists' 
Clubs, etc. 

His membership in this society dates from March 31, 1877. S. P. May. 

Ebenezer Trescott F.*rri.\gton\ Esq., of Jamaica Plain, Boston, Mass., a life 
member and benefactor, died at that place, Aug. 6, 1880, aged 75. 

lie was the son of Oliver and Betsey (Trescott) Earrington, and was born at 
"Wrentham, Mass., Dec. 15. 18(J4. 

Mr. Earrington came to Boston at the early age of fifteen, and was employed by 
the firm of Bartlett & Woodman, wholesale grocers. On the death of Mr. Wood- 
man in 1S25, he was admitted a partner in the new firm of Levi Bartlett & Co., and 
this relation was continued for nearly fortv years, till 1^H4, when it was termi- 
nated by the death of Mr. Bartlett. Mr. Earrington continued in the same busi- 
ness for several years, under the firm name of Earrington, Tozier & Hall, and became 
largely interested in the importation and refining of suirar, an outgrowth ol their 
interest being the organization of the Standard Sugar Refinery, of which Mr. Far- 
rington was a direct <r 

lie married in I -Jo Eliza Delano, of Kingston, Mass., who deceased January 
9, IfeSO. One Son, Charles F., survives. 

Mv. Earrington never held public office : he was. however, held in high esteem by 
his associates, and w:ls a director in the Hank of Commerce for twenty-three years. 
For more than fifty years he was identified with a single business interest of B .-ton, 
and ;\6 a consequence was widely known and respected fur his steadfast, even-going 
business career. 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 97 

The Rev. Ephraim Abbot, A. M., corresponding member, died at Westford, 
Mass., July 21, 1S70. aged 90. 

A sketch of the Rev. Mr. Abbot's life was printed in the Register, vol. xxvii. 
p. 88 ; and he is noticed in vol. xxviii. 252. In both places it is correctly stated 
that he was born in Newcastle, Maine, and in the latter that he died at Westfield, 
Mass., in August, an error for Westford, Mass., on 1st July. 

The late Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, 1) D., furnished a note which was printed in 
vol. xxix. p. 321, but accidentally his name was not appended. In it Dr. Bouton 
corrects the error in vol. xxviii. as to the place oi Mr. Abbot's death, aud also 
etates that he was born in Concord, N. H., and not in Newcastle, Me. We wrote 
recently to a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Abbot, to ascertain the truth in this matter, 
and the following is an extract from her letter : 

" I answer the question about the birthplace of my father, Rev. Ephraim Abbot. 
He was born in Newcastle. We all distinctly remember having repeatedly heard 
him say so, and I copy from written statements now before me. From the Family 
Recorcf of Benjamin 3 Abbot, my father's grandfather [see Abbot Genealogy, 113J, 
I transcribe a part of a note appended in my lather's handwriting : 

" Benjamin Abbot and Sarah Brown joined in wedlock, Jan. 29, 1778. 

Ephraim, their son, was born in Newcastle. D. Maine, Sept. 23, 1779.* 

Hannah, their daughter, was born in Pownalborough, March 9, 17S2. Ruth and 
their other children were born in Concord, N. H. Ruth Morrell, June 27, 17S-4, 1 ' etc. 

In the family ~ecord of Benjamin 4 Abbot I find the following : 

" Ephraim Abbot sou of Benjamin Abbot and Sarah His wife was born in New- 
castle in .Massachusetts, the 2dth of September 1779. Hannah Abbot Dafter of 
Benjamin Abbot and Sarah His Wife Was Born in Pownalborough in Massachu- 
setts, the 9th of March, 1782. Ruth Morrell Abbot Dafter of Benjamin Abbot and 
Sarah His Wife was born in Concord Newhampshire the -7th of June 178-1," etc. 

From an unfinished autobiography of my father I copy : 

" I was born in Newcastle Me. 28th Sept. 1779. Soon after my birth my Father 
moved to a place which he had bought in what was then called Pownalboro', in 

that part of it which is now called Alney." "In May 1784 my Father 

moved his family to Concord, N. H.,"' etc. 

The sketch of my father's life in the Register, xxvii. 88, to which you allude, 
seems to have been chiefly condensed from an article prepared by my brother for 
Harvard Necrology. See pp. 10-13, of a pamphlet entitled '* The Necrology of 
Harvard College, 1^69-1872." As it appears in the Register, this sketch contains 
one or two unimportant errors, which I will notice. First, it states that in lbll-12. 
Mr. Abbot was a missionary to the Indians in Eastern Maine. It is true that he went 
under the auspices of the " Society for Propagating the Gospel among Indians and 
others," but the great majority of those to whom he ministered were white people, 
and we have quite full lists of their names and places of residence, and also a manu- 
script journal of his life there. He always congratulated himself that he succeeded 
in distributing a large number of bibles and school books just previous to the last 
war with England, during which the recipients would otherwise have been with- 
out them. 

Second, it states that he was ordained in Greenland the 28th of Oct. 1813. It 
should say the 27th of Oct. 1813. 

It i.-> not strange that the Resr. Dr. Bouton made the mistake in his statement in 
the Register, xxix. 321, as he knew that in Concord were the homesteads of Ben- 
jamin Abbot, Sen. and Jr., that my father's youth was spent there, and that he 
alw.iys retained his interest in the town, giving it the same affection as if it had 
really been the place of his nativity. With the exception of the two errors above 
mentioned, the statements in the biographical sketch in the Register appear to be 
correct. We have just verified them by reference to family records, journals and 
other original documents." 

* George E. H. Abbot, A.M., the writer of the article in the " Necrology of Harvard 
College," referred to in the text, furnishes us with the following extracts from the fly leaf 
of a. pocket cash hook, of his lather. They " appear to have heen nastily jotted down by 
him as he received the information from the lips of some older friend some time in the 
spring of 1811": 

" I was horn in New Castle, now New Milford, in the house owned by John Bradstrcet,. 

built by James Carr. James Avers can tell me concerning the place of my nativity 

At the head of the tide on Sheepscot river a Mrs. Plummer owns the house [probably in. 
Ainu] in which my father lived before his removal to Concord." 

VOL. XXXV. 0* 



98 Necrology of Historic , Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

George Frederick Gray, Esq., of Dover, N. II., a resident member, died March 
6, 1880, aged 51. 

lie was born in Dover, July 23. 1S23. Ilis father. Georire Gray, son of Samuel 
Gray, of Salem, Mass., was born in that place, Dec. 31, 1800. Ilis mother, whose 
maiden name was Lydia Jones Barden, was a daughter of Frederick Barden, who 
was superintendent of a nail factory in Dover, from 1824 to 1828. 

George F. Gray received his education at the Franklin Academy in Dover. For 
five years he was local editor of the Dover Gazette, and was afterwards editor of 
the Dover Press. From 1*5°, till his death he was the Dover correspondent of 
the Boston Herald. In 1875 he visited Europe, where he spent about a year, and 
wrote very interesting letters to this country, which were published in Dover 
newspapers. 

He married r Oct. 13, 1875. Mary Ednah Hill, daughter of Nathaniel R. Hill, by 
whom he had three children — 1. George Frederick; 2. Charles Hill ; 3. Rath Eliz- 
abeth. Ilis wife and two of his children survive. 

He was social and kindhearted ; was a racy, pleasing writer, and had the faculty 
of making his articles readable. 

He was admitted a member June 10, 1879. 

Robert Mayo, M.D., of Washington, D. C, a corresponding member, was born 
at Fine Creek, in Powhatan County, Va., April 9, 178-1; and died in Washington, 
Oct. 20, 1864, aged 80. 

He was the son of Joseph and Martha (Tabb) Mayo, and was educated at Wil- 
liam and Mary College under Bishop Madison's presidency, and at the University 
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, where he graduated with much distinction about 
^he year 1805 or 1806. For several years alter ids graduation he resided at Phila- 
delphia. He never extensively or sedulously practised his profession, yet lew of 
its followers possessed more science or more of the qualifications to make a success- 
ful and distinguished physician. Ilis tastes directed him to literary pursuits, and 
his acquirements, talents and labor were chiefly devoted to the compilation of edu- 
cational books, being an ardent devotee of learning from the rudiments up to the 
classics. He was the author and first projector of a rhyming spelling book. He 
likewise wrote or compiled systems of mythology and ancient geography for the 
use of seminaries. The following is a list of his publications as far as they have 
come to our knowledge : 

1. Inaugural Thesis on the Sensorium, University of Pennsylvania, 1803. 2. View 
of Ancient Geography and Ancient History. Philadelphia, 1813. 3. Epicome of 
Ancient Geography, with Maps, for the use of Seminaries. Philadelphia, 1814. 
4. New System of Mythology. 4 vols., Philadelphia, 1815-19. 5. Pension Laws 
of the United States, including sundry resolutions of Congress, from 1776 to 1833. 
Washington, 1833. 6. Political Sketches of Eight Years^in Washington. Part I. 
8vo. Baltimore, 1839, pp. 216. 7. Synopsis of the Commercial and Kevenue Sys- 
tem of the United States. Washington, 1847. 8. Treasury Department in its 
various fiscal Bureaus ; their Origin, Organization and Practical Operations, illus- 
trated. Washington, 1847. 9. [ With F. Muulton.} Army and Navy Pension 
Laws, and Bounty Land Laws of the United States, including sundry resolutions of 
Congress, from 1776 to 1852. 8vo. Washington, 1852. 

Dr. Mayo was a singularly handsome man, tall, well formed, athletic and of great 
courage. Ilis habits were always social, yet he was strictly temperate in all things. 
His tastes were refined, delighting in the arts, and, though no performer, in music. 
He was a fine Latin scholar and mathematician. lie spoke and wrote French with 
ease, and was fond of the society of cultivated Frenchmen. 

About the year 1822 or 23 Dr Mayo returned to Virginia and settled at Rich- 
mond, and when Gen Jackson came to the front as a candidate for the presidency, 
he started a newspaper called the Jackson Ripuhiican, strongly and efficiently advo- 
cating the general's claims. After Jackson's election in 1823, Dr. Mayo removed 
to Washington and held office under that administration. He marrieJ there his 
only wife, Catherine Elizabeth Harbaugh, who died in Washington Jan. 10. 1847, 
aged forty- four years. They had two children, Martha who died in infancy, and 
Robert, born Feb. 10, 1810, still living. 

For several years previous to the death of Dr. Mayo he was zealously engaged in 
the preparation of a genealogy of the Mayo Family and its connections. 

He was admitted to membership June 5, 1855. 



1881.] Booh Notices. 99 

Amos Lawrence, Esq., an honorary member, died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 31, 
1852, aged 6(5. Admitted Jan. 8, 18 47. Fur memoir and portrait, see Register, 
vol. xxxiv. pp. 9-14. A memoir of him by William M. Cornell. LL.D., will also 
be found on pages 500-504 of the first volume of kS Biographic Memorials of the 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society," just published at the charge of the 
Towne Memorial Fuud. 

The Rev. John Adams Vinton, A.M., a life member, died in Winchester, Mass., 
Nov. 13, 1877, aged 76. Admitted Feb. 3, 1S63. For memoir and portrait, see 
Register, xxsiv. pp. 127-31. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

The History of the Honourable Artillery Company. By Captain G. A. Raikes, 
F.S.A.. F.S.S., F. R. His. Soc, Third West York Light Infantry Militia, Instruc- 
tor of Musketry Hon. Artillery Company. Corresponding Member of the New Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society, Author of " Historical Records of the First 
Regiment of Militia." With Maps and Illustrations. In Two Volumes. Lon- 
don : Richard Bentley & Son, New Burlington Street, Publishers in Ordinary to 
her Majesty the Queen. [Svo. vol. i. 1878, pp. 491 ; vol. ii. pp. 563. J 

Of the numerous institutions organized on the continent of North America in im- 
itation of those which have existed in Europe, the oldest is The Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, and an authentic history of its parent 
in our father-land, — the Honourable Artillery Company of London, — is consequently 
a valuable addition to every collection of historical works on either side of the 
Atlantic. 

The London company was originally chartered by Henry VIII. , on the 25th of 
August, 1537, as the Guild of St. George, for " improvement in the science of Ar- 
tillery, or Long Bows. Cross Bows and Hand Guns." Its place of rendezvous was 
called the Artillery Garden, and when. — during the rei^n of queen Elizabeth, — the 
Spanish Armada threatened the destruction of London, it furnished officers from its 
ranks for the Train Bauds of the British metropolis, and of other ports of the king- 
dom. From that time down to the present day. the Honourable Artillery Company 
of London has continued to teach its members the Art of War, and has always, — 
in tunes of danger at home or abroad, — proved a reliable arm of the military service 
of Great Britain. 

When an English commercial company planted the Colony of Massachusetts Bay 
on our rock-bound coast, the emigrants were well supplied with armor, arms and 
ammunition by the Board at London. A prominent member of this Board was 
Capt. Henry Waller, who was at that time the commander of the Honorable Artillery 
Company, and it is reasmable to suppose that he encourage! some of the members 
who sought homes in the new world to form a similar company there. Captain 
Waller died at London, where he was buried on the 31st of October, 1631, and his 
funeral discourse was preached by the Rev. George Hughes. He was styled " the 
Worshipful Captain Henry Waller, the worthy commander of the renowned Band of 
the Honourable City ol London, exercising anus in the Artillery ;" and we learn from 
the discourse that he was much esteemed both in public and private life, — that he 
was one of the Common Council of the City, — and that he was about to be pro- 
posed as its representative in Parliament when he died. 

Tuere was some dis.-ention in the Honourable Artillery Company about the 
choice of a successor to Capt. Waller, and King Charles I. settled the dispute by 
declaring that thenceforth the Sovereign would name the commander. The second 
captain thus appointed was Walter Neale, who had previously resided three years 
in New England, where he had established a colony on the banks of the river Pis- 
cataqua. In 1633 Captain Neale urged the King to appoint him "marshal" of 



100 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Virginia, with the charge of all military affairs in that colon}', and he subsequently 
petitioned that he might be appointed " Governor of New England." 

" The Military Company of the Massachusetts " was chartered by Gov. Winthrop, 
by order of the General Court, on the 17th of March, 1033. Military organization 
was then the only social distinction in the infant colony, for while all acknowledged 
allegiance to God and to the commonwealth, there were no forms in religion or no- 
bility in the government. The clergy pointed out their narrow road to Heaven, and 
the driil-sergeants taught men of dauntless energy how to use weapons fcr their 
self-defence while on earth. The early confederation of the United Colonies o£ Sew 
England, for mutual military self-defence against savage foes and French invaders, 
finally resulted in independence, followed by the establishment of the United States 
of America. 

Capt. Robert Keayne. one of the charter-members of the Military Company of the 
Massachusetts, and its first commander, had been admitted a member of the Hon- 
ourable Artillery Company of London on the 6th of May, 16-23. Another char- 
ter-member of the Massachusetts company, Robert Sedgwick, was — as we are told 
by Johnson, a contemporary writer — " brought up in London's Artillery Garden." 
lie subsequently served with distinction in the British army, and died in England, 
having attained the rank of Major General. Several other members of the Massa- 
chusetts and of the London company served in the Parliamentary army organized 
by Oliver Cromwell, and are honorably mentioned in history. 

The British company had its annual ,; feast," preceded by a sermon, until 16S5, 
an example which has been followed by the Massachusetts company to the present 
time, and there are other points of resemblance between the two corps. The Brit- 
ish company has refused, with a single exception, to admit honorary members, and 
the only ones ever chosen by the Massachusetts company are two distinguished cap- 
tain generals of the British company: Prince Albert in 18.37, and his sun Prince 
Albeit Edward in 1S7S — both having been proposed by Past Commander the Honor- 
able Marshall P. Wilder. 

Captain Raikes (who is the author of several other valuable military historical 
works), is Inspect ji* of Musketry to the Honourable Artillery Company of London, 
and he has collected, in two handsome volumes, the leading events in its history, 
which are profusely illustrated by portraits of commanders ; pictures of armory build- 
ings, uniforms, flags and weapons ; illustrations of the manual exercise ; and maps 
of the company's drill-yards in the city of L >ndon. Unlocking the historical treasures 
of the glorious old company, he has traced its progress through the fierce struggle 
which has gradually changed tne unwritten British constitution from the aspect 
which it wore in feudal times into that form of rational liberty which it now bears, 
and has made dear Old England as young in energy, capability and progress as she 
was when the Honourable Artillery Company of London was summoned to the field 
by queen Elizabeth, — the type of queen Victoria, as well in t\\e truly English com- 
plexion of her character, as in the hold which she possessed over the hearts of the 
Anglo-Saxon race on both, shores of the Atlantic. 

The British company now consists of a troop of Light Cavalry, a Battery of Field 
Artillery and a Battalion of Infantry. Each member pays an entrance lee of £5, 
and an annual subscription of £2. 2.s., and provides his own uniform, the approxi- 
mate cost of which is : fur the cavalry, £29 : the artillery, £14, and the infantry, 
£13. Arms and accoutrements are provided and kept in order by the company. 
The drill-yard is six acres in extent, and the drill hall is lf-0 by 40 feet. There are 
regular drills for the Infantry on .Monday and Thursday evenings, for the Artillery 
on Tuesday evenings and for the Cavalry on Wednesday evenings. Instruction in 
fencing and in broadsword exercise is given free of charge to those members who 
wish to receive it. 

It is to be regretted that Captain Raikes could not have eiven us m<>re details 
concerning the personal appearance, history and habits of those who have been 
prominently connected with the British company, and have enlivened his accurate 
historical details with graphic descriptions of the "feasts" and "field-days," 
But he has nevertheless furnished a valuable contribution to military literature in 
thus chronicling the oldest m irtial organization in the world. He has also given 
many interesting facts concerning the Massachusetts company, — the oldest martial 
organization on this continent, although they are clumsily arranged, and fad to 
give an idea of the strength and position of the junior corps, which has outlived 
every institution except the christian church and the public school tiiat was in ex- 
istence in the colony of Massachusetts Bay when it was chartered. Each organi- 
zation forming a link between past and present generations, is Ancient and Hon- 



1881.] Book Notices. 101 

orable, and the old quotation may well be applied to them : " Fair Mother — Beauti- 
ful Daughter." 

[By Major Ben: Perky Poore, of West Newbury.] 

A Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc. Now first printed from the Original Manu- 
script in the Lambeth Palace Library. Edited, with Preface, Notes and Appen- 
dix, by Rev. B. F. De Costa. Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University 
Press. 1S80. [Svo. pp. 43. Private edition, reprinted from the Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society for May, IScO.J 

The fact of the Sagadahoc Colony is as well established as any fact of history. 
The earliest writers on America, the earliest voyagers to the new world, the later 
histories of our country based on the authority ot early MSS. and accepted as trust- 
worthy, acknowledge the existence of the Sagadahoc, or Sir John Popham colony, 
at the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine, in 1607. There is not the shadow of a 
historic doubt upon this point. But the historical significance of this colony has in 
late years formed the subject of much unnecessary and bitter controversy, though, 
as we are glad to acknowledge, this fog of controversy is clearing up, leaving u3 
to see beneath the clear statements of historic truth, upon which all students may 
rest and form such conclusions as in their own minds the facts seem to warrant. The 
general historian has not yet dealt largely with the philosophy of the historic signifi- 
cance or value of the Popham colony ; this has been left to the special historian and 
historical essayist. Bat after going carefully over the whole subject, and giving a close 
reading to all the existing information upon the subject, who will not say the com- 
pact argument of the late Hon. John A. Poor, in his " First Colonization of 
America,''' is not as worthy of acceptance as the rhetoric of the late Hon. Erastus 
C. Benedict, in his " Beginning of America;" or that the solid, candid explana- 
tion of historic facts by the late Dr. Edward Ballard, the learned and polished and 
gentlemanly secretary of the Maine Historical Society, is not entitled to as much 
weight as the criticisms of Mr. William Frederick Poole. Much has been contrib- 
uted to this controversy, especially that which was occasioned by the action of the 
Maine Historical Society in erecting the Memorial Tablet to Popham in the walls 
of Fort Popham in 1862, that has been of little consequence, and which will be en- 
tirely overlooked by historical students as the years go on ; for even now, after the 
lapse of nearly twenty years, who places any particular value upon half the state- 
ments forming the staple of public discussion of that date, and which their writers 
thought so important? The facts of history remain, and as the years go on their 
historical importance and significance will receive the proper recognition and ac- 
ceptance. Vve need not fear that when this acceptance is established, any locality, 
or person, or fact of importance, will be overlooked, or fail to receive its just share 
of merit and distinction. The facts of history cannot be warped in such way that 
the testimony of the centuries will not sometime set them right. 

The literature of this subject has received a new contribution in the tract now 
under notice. William Strachey, Gent., of whom but little is known, was Secre- 
tary and Recorder to the Virginia Company of London,* in America, 1609. In 1612 
he was in London, and edited a quarto book accompanying Capt. John Smith's 
map of Virginia, at Oxford, in that year. He wrote an account of the earl} 7 settle- 
ments in Virginia " vpon the Island of Roanoak," at " the expense and charge of 
Sir Walter Raleigh ;" and also " gathered " (so says the title page of the original 
MSS. in the library of the British Museum) , a book "of the Northern Colonie, 
seated upon the River of Sachadehoc, Transported Anno 15-85, at the charge of Sir 
John Popham, Knight, late Lord Chief Justice of England." This narrative of 
Strachey was published by the Hakluyt Society of London in 1849; in 1852 por- 
tions of it were reprinted in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society 
(Series iv. vol. i. p. 219), and in lbo3 those chapters of this work relating to the 
Colony of "Sachadehoc," four in number, were re-published by the Maine Histo- 
rical Society (Collections, vol. iii. p. 2c6). It has been evident, from a careful 
study of Strachey 's report of the '' Northern Colonie," that he derived his inform- 
ation horn some source which he did not credit ; and Mr. De Costa believes that 
the "Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc," which he now gives to the public, is 
the one from which Strachey drew his information. This manuscript was found by 
Mr. He Costa in the Lambeth Palace Library, London, in the summer of 1875, and 
he is satisfied that the MS., or at least a tolerable copy of it, passed through Stra- 

* Ncill's History of the Virginia Company of London, 1S69, p. 43. 



102 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

chey's hands, and formed the principal source of his knowledge respecting the Pop- 
ham colony. Its author is believed to have been James Davis, one of the council 

of the colony. The title of the MS. found by Mr. l)e Costa, states that it was 
found among ik y e papers of y e truly Wor s P ful S r Ferdinando Gorges K nt , by me Wil- 
liam Griffith." 

The Relation occupies seventeen pages of Mr. De Costa's very unique pamphlet, 
beginning with the first day of June, 10u7, and ending 20th September, to whicb- 
is appended, from the Oxford MS., the portion corresponding with the last pages of 
the narrative which forms the conclusion of Straehey's " Historic." the last words 
of which are so familiar to historical students, " And this was the end of that north- 
ern colony upon the River Sachadehoc." The narrative abounds in curious details, 
is enriched with copious notes, and contains those quaint outline representations of 
the various islands and headlands ^een along the coast, first given in the Hakiuyt 
Society volume. In his preface, which occupies twelve pages, Mr. De Costa gives 
an interesting account of the original MS. of this voyage, how it was discovered 
and copied, the evidences of its authorship, and reviews at considerable length and 
with great candor and wealth of learning the historic significance and claims ot' the 
colony of Sagadahoc. A full investigation of the facts shows that the Popham 
colonists were men of fair character, though the majority may not have been supe- 
rior to colonists of 1000 in general. Still, the record of Sagadahoc is unstained, 
and its claims do not conflict with the claims of Plymouth, which have received full 
acknowledgment. It is undisputed that Sagadahoc formed an essential prelimin- 
ary to the colonization of New England, and an essential part of the irrepressible 
British activity abroad, not only in New England but in Virginia ; and so far as 
the historic facts remain, we believe the Sagadahoc colonists can never be deprived 
of the credit due them in laying the foundations of New England. And it is an 
honor to the colonists that on " Sondaye, beinge the 9th of August in the morninge," 
the " holl company " landed, the cross was erected, and the devoted cler^vman, 
Rev. Richard Seymour, delivered a sermon, " gguing God thanks for our happy 
meetinge and safe aryvall into the contry." And is it too much to say in the words 
of Mr. De Costa : " A christian priest stepped upon the soil of New England for the 
first time at Monhegan in 1007, an authorized minister pronounced the first bless- 
ing, and then and there New England was formally consecrated to christian 
civilization." 

Historical students everywhere, whether accepting the full claims of the Sagada- 
hoc colony, as stated by Mr. De Costa, or not, can but thank him for the great care 
with which he has edited this tract, the richness of the learning and historic ex- 
planations which he has added to the text in copious notes, and the broad spirit of 
historic unselfishness and desire for accuracy which seems to have prompted every 
expression of opinion, or inference from a fact. 

[By Samuel L. Board/nan, Esq-, of Augusta, Me.] 

Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America : Con- 
taining — 1. A Narrative of the Organization and of the Early Measures of the 
Church ; 11. Additional Statenvnts and Remarks ; III. An Appendix of Orig- 
inal Papers. By theRt. Rev. William White, D.D. Edited, with Notes and a 
Sketch of the Origin and Progress of the Colonial Church, by the Rev. B. F. De 
Costa. New York : E. P. Dutton & Co. 1SS0. [8vo. pp. 474. For sale by A. 
Williams & Co., Boston.] 

The reader takes up this volume with pleasure as he regards the superior typo- 
graphy, the fine paper and the excellently engraved portrait of the veneiable author 
opposite the title page. 

It is hardly necessary to remark upon the judicious manner in which it is edited 
by the learned historian, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, who is known not only for his 
general large historical information, but as one who has studied and published val- 
uable contributions relating to the annals of the church of which this book is a 
memoir. 

To the churchman and ecclesiastical scholar this work of Bishop "White has long 
been known, and it< accuracy and value appreciated, but it will interest the general 
reader who may be tempted to study this contribution to the religious history of 
our country, to know something of its venerable author and his eminent fitness for 
the work. 

The Rev. Dr. William White is known to popular fame chiefly as the chaplain of 
the Continental Congress in 1775, also of that assembled at Yorktown at the time of 
the capture of Philadelphia. He at one time wrote : " I continued as did all of us 



1881.] Booh Notices. ^103 

to pray for the kins; until Sunday before the 4th of July, 1776. Within a short 
time after I took the oath of allegiance to the United States, and have since remain- 
ed faithful to it. My intentions were upright and most seriously weighed.'* 

In the revision of the forms of service of the Church of England, alter the inde- 
pendence of this country had been established, and in adapting the united action 
of parishes of that communion in convention to the newly existing condition of 
affairs in the United States, his eminent abilities were most useful. His sound 
judgment united with extensive information, and his intellectual attainments, well 
qualified him for the task. 

There was a strong popular prejudice against this religious body through 
the country, arising from jealousy of apprehended prelatical and political ten- 
dencies, and active measures were used to prevent the ardently desired wish of 
its people to perfect their organization by the necessary consecration in England of 
bishops for America. Dr. Seabury, of Connecticut, had been consecrated by the 
Scottish non-juring bishops at Aberdeen in 1761, but the desire for continuity with 
the English succession led the first general convention of this church held in Phila- 
delphia, of which Dr. White was unanimously chosen president, to forward a peti- 
tion for the consecration of American 'bishops through Mr. Adams, the American 
minister in London, to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Mr. Adams readily under- 
took the service and assisted its object. He wrote several years after, " There is 
no part of my life on which 1 look back and reflect with more satisfaction than the 
part 1 took, bold, daring and hazardous as it was to myself and mine, in the intro- 
duction of episcopacy in America." 

Dr. White was subsequently unanimously elected Bishop in Pennsylvania, em- 
barked for London, and was consecrated at Lambeth Chapel in 1787, being the first 
bishop of tiie strictly English succession consecrated for America. 

He was not prelatical in its offensive sense. The many trusts and offices of dig- 
nity which had been placed upm him by popular and also ecclesiastical favor did 
not affect the mild urbanity and humility of his character. He believed with quaint 
Francis Quaries's Enchiridion, " If thou art not worth more than the world can 
make thee, thy Redeemer had a bad pennyworth." 

Calm, dignified, thoroughly informed, exact, he was eminently fitted to prepare 
these Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and the value of the work will 
not be likely to be overestimated by one studying the general history of ecclesiasti- 
cal movements in the United States. 

The book had become rare and consequently expensive, and the thanks of the 
public are due to Messrs. E. P. Dutton & Co. for reproducing it in such excellent 
iorm, and to the Reverend Editor for his labors which add value to it. 

[By J. Gardner While, ..4.. A/., of Cambridge.] 

An American Edition of the Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle, from the Bake of 
St. Albans, by Dame Juliana Beuners, A.D. 1496. Edited by Geo. W. Van 
Sic lex, of the New York Bar. New York : Orange Judd Company. 1680. [Sq. 
lGmo. pp. 118. Price ; si. 50.] 

The " Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle " is not only the very earliest, but 
by far the most curious essay upon the subject which has ever appeared in the Eng- 
glish, or perhaps in any other language. There has been some doubt as to the au- 
thorship of this celebrated book, but it has by general consent been attributed to 
Dame Julyans (or Juliana) Berners, Bernese or Barnes, prioress of the nunnery of 
Sop well, near St. Albans; a lady of noble family, and celebrated for her learning 
and accomplishments. It was first written in 1460, and fragments of a MS. of the 
treatise are found in one or two private libraries in England. The first edition was 
'• Kmprynted " by Wynkyn de Worde in I49fi, and but two or three copies of this 
edition are known to be in existence — one in the library of tiie British Museum. It 
was originally included in " Treatyses perteynynge to ilawkynge, Huntynge and 
rysshinge with an an^le " — although an edition was printed by de Worde in a sepa- 
rate form. The popularity of the book, if we may use a modern term, is attested 
by the fact that it had " run through " ten editions before the death of Queen Eli- 
zabeth ; and. for nearly a hundred years it was the sole book of its kind". Leonard 
M. -,i, i writing his " Booke of Fishing with Llooke and Line " in 13iW. Walton's 




'■}; otie by James L. Black, New York, in 1675, and one by Mr. Elliot Stock, 



104 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

London, in 1SS0. This Inst is a very rich edition, in facsimile, reproduced by pho- 
tography from the copy of the first edition now in the British Museum, and edited by 
Rev. G. M. Walking. The first American edition was edited by Mr. George W. Van 
Siclen, of the New York bar, for whom it was privately printed, and by him dedicat- 
ed to the members of the Willewenoc Club, an association of New York lovers of the 
" gentyleeryft " whose headquarters are on the Beaverkill in Sullivan county, X. Y. 
It is from the plates of this edition, we judge, that the present publishers have issued 
the new impression now under notice, as it is in every respect identical with that, 
though on many accounts we prefer the genuine "Van Siclen edition." But in 
the larger Orange Judd edition, the fresh, quaint, charming " Treaty se " is sure 
to find many admirers, and the patient, mediaeval spirit of its four-hundred-year- 
old wisdom will charm many a modern disciple of Dame Juliana and dear old 
Isaak. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq.\ 

History of the Flag of the United States of America, and of the Naval and Yacht- 
Club Signals; Seals and Anns, and Principal National Songs of the United States, 
with a Chronicle of the Symbols, Standards, Banners and blags of Ancient and 
Modem Nations. By Geo. Henry Pueble, Rear-Admiral (J.S.N. Second lie- 
vised Edition. Illustrated with ten Colored Plates, Two Hundred Engravings on 
Wood, Maps and Autographies. Boston : A. Williams & Co. 16S0. [8vo. pp. 
xxi.-f 815. Price £7, including postage in the United States or to any Postal 
Union country.] 

Charles Lamb once said that previous to reading Milton he wished to hear a sol- 
emn service of music, that he might be prepared to appreciate the grandeur and 
magnificence of his poems. It would be fitting before following the author through 
this volume, that one should listen to the booming of cannon from a man-of-war, or 
hear the strains of martial music from a lull band, and so be charged with patriot- 
ism, that he might appreciate the glory attending his country's flag as here traced 
from its humble beginnings to the present time when it floats so proudly among chose 
of the most favored nations. The author's enthusiasm for his subject, the length oi 
time given to it, and the untiring industry of research displayed, have brought a 
wealth of material to his command that must make the book a fountain to draw 
from, as well as authority to look up to, for any future writer on this interesting 
theme. 

It is none too soon either to have some one gather up and record, as is here done, 
the facts and incidents concerning our flag during the late war against the union. 
The truth in regard to causes and conduct of war between widely separated nations 
is difficult to discover and unfold, but to unravel the snarled skein in a fratracidal 
strife of such magnitude, where disloyalty to the country's flag was within our own 
borders, is doubly so. This Admiral Preble, with a clear insight into the state of 
mind then prevailing, endeavurs to do, and has succeeded in presenting a trust- 
worthy and succinct history of the flag during that eventful period. One cannot 
read it, even at this distant day, without trembling for the fate of the stars and 
stripes. Trailed in the dust as it was by rebel hands, all such indignity and humili- 
ation only served to endear it the more to loyal hearts. It had perforce to be struck 
to its enemies, but never with dishonor. In truth it emerged from the conflict with 
added lustre. One very significant illustration of this is the reference by Admiral 
Preble to the lines by Campbell, the poet of Hope : 

" Your standard's constellation types 
White freedom b}' its stars ; 
But what's the meaning of your stripes, — 
They mean your negro's scars." 

This taunt, at the time it was given, did have its stinrr, notwithstanding the reply 
by Hon. George Lunt, admirable as that was. Bandying wrong against wrong did 
not, however, lessen the sting in either case. It was only after our own nation had 
wrestled with the wrong and overcome it, that it could proudly point to its standard 
with the stain removed. 

Another important part of the test of the book is the chronicle of the Symbols, 
Flags, &c, of ancient and modern nations. The dust of many an old, forgotten 
tome must have been disturbed in gathering this mass of curious information. Here 
we find matter and incidents relating to tiie Cross, Crescent, Egyptian Standards, 
Eagles of the Romans, Banners of the Knights, Masonic Emblems, Lilies of Fiance, 
and a long catalogue beside, too numerous to mention. It is to be feared thefccheme 



1881.] Booh Notices. 105 

of this part of the work is too comprehensive, and that the general reader will pass 
it by in order to come directly to the main object of the book. As might have heen 
expected from the author's outlook, the nav} r comes in for a fair portion of his pages. 
The beginnings of our Naval Organization are given with great detail. It is inter- 
esting to note what a wide scope was taken in giving names to the first five vessels 
purchased in 1775. i: The first was named Alfred, in honor of the founder of 
the greatest navy that ever existed ; the second, Columbus, after the discoverer 
of this quarter of the globe ; the third, Cabot, for the discoverer of the northern 
part of this continent ; the fourth, Andrea Doria, in honor of the great Genoese 
admiral ; and the fifth, Providence, the name of the town where she was pur- 
chased, and the residence of Hopkins who was appointed the first captain." 

To ti;e Alfred is claimed the high honor of being the first to wear '* the flag of 
America." She was reported as mounting twenty 9-pounders ; and, that one may 
see what have been the changes in naval warfare within a numbed years, Admiral 
Preble states the weight of shot thrown from the Alfred's entire battery or both 
broadsides was not equal to the weight of a single shot thrown by one of our mod- 
ern monitors. To one who has spent so many years under the folds of the dag, and 
who has kept step to the music of the union upon the quarter-deck so much of that 
time, it is but natural that an account of the songs of our country should go with 
the history of its flag. Consequently 53 pages are added at the end, wherein a 
great number of interesting facts are brought together regarding our patriotic songs, 
from Hail Columbia to the famous John Brown song. In respect to the latter, a 
great amount of evidence is given as to its origin, from which it seems conclusive 
that the song originated in the very beginning of the war, at Fort Warren, Boston 
harbor, and was first published in Charlestown. Probably no one sjng was ever so 
distinctively a soldier's son«: as this, made up as it was line upon line by the soldiers 
themselves. It possessed toe impeding force of the old hero himself, and was the 
rallying song through the long years of that war his daring deeds and heroic death 
did so much to precipitate upou his countrymen. 

There are other features in this valuable book that demand notice, as the most cas- 
ual reader of even the title-page will observe, but lack of space forbids touching upon 
them. It is to be hoped the book will find its way into many homes of our land, to 
diffuse its patriotic spirit, and that zhe joy of loyalty and devotion to our national 
flag in the future shall cause it to be held in that honor and respect described by 
Admiral Preble as accorded in the Russian navy to its nation's colors. 

The ensign is lowered with great formality at sunset. The officers are assembled 
on the quarter-deck, with the oand in position, and the crew in their places ; as the 
flag begins to descend the national air is played, and the officers and crew stand un- 
covered before the emblem of the nation's sovereignty. It is hoisted with similar 
ceremonies. 

\By Abram E. Cutter, Esq., Charlestown, Boston, Mass.] 

Proceedings of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Gathering in Eng- 
land, Departure for America and Final Settlement in New England, of the First 
Church and Parish of Dorchester, Mass., coincident with the Settlement of the 
Town. Observed March 23 and June 17, 1880. Boston : Geo. H. Ellis, Pub- 
lisher, 101 Milk Street. IscO. [8vo. pp. 176. Price 75 cents in cloth, or 50 
cents in paper.] 

The two services of the first parish in Dorcbe-ter, commemorative — as stated in 
the title-page of the book before us — of the gathering of the church, itej departure 
from England, and its planting on these shores, were admirably conducted, as a 
reference to the printed pages will show. The Rev. Mr. Barrows, in the first of hi3 
sermons, entitled, 4i The Genesis and Exodus of the first Church at Dorchester," in 
a learned, lucid and satisfactory manner traces the incipiency, progress and ulti- 
mate development of Puritan principles, and their effects upon the lives and char- 
acters of our fathers, permeating their thoughts and feelings, making true noble men, 
fit for the stirring duties and con'Jicts of their day and generation. There was a 

fradation of steps, it may be said, from John Wyelilfe the reformer, to John 
Vhite the " patriarch of Dorchester." They might be considered relatively as 
the cause and sequence of principle.- and ideas that resulted in the formation of the 
Dorchester chureh, which was orgmized in Plymouth, England, and came over a 
distinct, embodied church. Whether the portion of the church that left for Wind- 
sor, Conn., in 1036, under Warham, the junior pastor, or the other portion who 
remained with the senior pastor. Maverick, in their midsr, should be entitled to the 
appellation of the First; the original church, the fact remains, as Mr. Barrows 
VOL. XXXV. 10 



106 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

has well said, " that both the church at Windsor and that at Dorchester directly 
owe their origin to the little band that gathered in Plymouth, England, in 1630." 
The afternoon services of that day consisted of a welcome by the pastor, singing 
from the version of Sternbold and Hopkins, words and tunes used by our fathers 
two hundred and fifty years ago, with other tunes and words of more modern com- 
position. Addresses were made by, or letters received from, ministers representa- 
tives of churches in Plymouth, Salem, Boston, Water town, Roxbury, the second 
church in Dorchester and the church in Milton. At the second celebration, June 
17th, the subject of the sermon by the Rev. Mr. Barrows was, " The vine planted 
in the wilderness.*' It was substantially a history of the church, interspersed with 
notes of some contemporaneous events which occurred in various countries of th ; 
world, the religious epochs of the church, the growth and development of the coun- 
try, and various other topics flowing legitimately out of the subject before him. 
Interesting addresses were made in the afternoon by Gov. Long, Prof. William Ev- 
erett, Edward Everett Hale, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Dr. George E. Ellis, 
the Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Windsor, Conn., and others. The Appendix contains let- 
ters received from distinguished personages, among them Gen. Grant, the Hon. 
Robert 0. Winthrop, the Hon. Josiah Quincy, the Hon. E. W. Stoughton. 

The following telegram was received that day from the Mayor of Dorchester, Dor- 
setshire, England : " Old Dorchester sends cordial congratulations to New Dor- 
chester upon its two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and warmly reciprocates its 
affectionate attachment.'" 

[By William B. Trash, Esq., of Boston.] 

Fourth Report of the Record Commissioners. 1880. [City Seal.] Boston : Rock- 
well & Churchill, City Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. v. +332. With Index of 
names.] 

This is the fourth report of Messrs. Whitmore and Appleton, the Record Com- 
missioners of the city of Boston. The three previous reports have already been 
noticed in the Register (xxxi.347; xxxii. 110; xxxiii. 264). In these notices we 
have expressed our opinion of the value of the work the commissioners are doing. 
The present report contains the first volume of the records of the old town of Dor- 
chester, Mass., from 1632 to 1651. 

It is asserted in the History of Dorchester (p. 29), that this record book. " in 
point of time, takes precedence of any town records in Massachusetts." We know 
of no contemporary t >wn record of earlier date. The Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris, 
D.D., 1831, wrote a description of this book, which was printed in a pamphlet of 
four pages, now very rare, under the title, " Some Account of the Obi Book of 
Records of the Town of Dorchester." This pamphlet is reprinted by Mr. Trask in 
the Register (xxi. 163) in the introduction to his annotated copy of the early por- 
tion of these records (Jan. 21, 1632, to Sept. 2, 1637), which appeared thirteen 
years ago in the Register for April, July and October, 1867, and January, 1868. 
A list of grantees from the original book is printed in this number of the Register, 
page 72. 

We are glad to see prefixed to this volume the admirable report of Alderman 
O'Brien, chairman of the committee on printing, as it contains sound views on the 
duty of towns to preserve their ancient records, and the best way of printing them. 
We understand that the commissioners have in press two other volumes to be issued 
Boon, namely, a volume of the town records of Roxbury, and the articles of the late 
Mr. Nathaniel I. Bowditch in the Boston Evening Transcript, under the signature 
of " Gleaner," upon the history of real estate in Boston. 

Fifth Register of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Lecjion of the United States, Boston, May, I860. Boston : Press of Rockwell & 
Churchill. 1880. [l2mo. pp. 46.] 

m This order was instituted April 9, 1865, " to cherish the memories and associa- 
tions of the war in defence of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic, '"' and 
for kindred objects. The Massachusetts Commandery was organized and instituted 
in March, 1868, and is in a flourishing condition. The present pamphlet contains 
a register of every member of the commandery, living and dead, to May, 1880, 
with the date of admission, the original entrance into the service, present address 
of the living, and other particulars. Prefixed is a copy of the constitution and by- 
.lawfl of the parent order. 



1881.] 



Booh Notices. 107 



The Lake of the Red Cedars; or Will It Live? Thirty Years in Lake. A Record of 
the First Thirty Years of Baptist Labors in the County of Lake, State of Indiana. 
By Y. N. L. Crown Point, Ind. : T. li. Ball, Publisher. 1880/ [ISrno. pp. 
357. With map.] 

This little volume deals mainly with the experience? of a small Baptist colony from 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, who in 1S37 left their old family homes in that town 
and founded a settlement in Lake, the north westernmost county of Indiana, and now 
almost under the shadow of the great city of Chicago. The spot chosen for this 
settlement was a lovely one. and the varying fortunes of the settlers, though writ- 
ten in a rambling, disconnected way. are described in an interesting manner. There 
are no accounts of hair-breadth escapes from Indian attacks, no perilous ad- 
ventures or other thrilling incidents peculiar to early border life in the West, 
but only a simple history of the rise, progress and development of a western 
township based on New England traditions and New England character. Aside 
from its merit as a narrative of religious progress, the book contains some interest- 
ing family sketches and personal records which are of value to those engaged in 
tracing family lines to which these are related. The appendix, which adds ten 
years record to the body of the work (from 1808 to 1878) contains, among other in- 
teresting matter, a record of Baptist marriages in Lake County, from March 3, 
1812, to March 20, 1SS0. The style, as has been already stated, is rambiinir, but is 
varied in an entertaining manner by personal anecdotes and incidents. Toe prin- 
cipal defect of the work is the lack of an index, which in all books pertaining to 
family history is necessary and desirable. 

[By Oliver B. Stcbbins, Esq., of Boston.] 

Peir:e , s Colonial Lists. Civil, Military and Professional Lists of Plymouth and 
Rhode lslanel Colonies. Comprising Colonial. County and Town Officers. Cler- 
gymen, Physicians and Lawyers. With Extracts from Colonial Laws defining 
their Duties. 1621—1700. By Ebenezer W. P£irce Boston: A. Wil- 
liams & Co., 2S3 Washington Street : David Ciapp & Son, 564 Washington Street. 
1881. [8vo. pp. 150. Price $2, including postage.] 

Of this book it may truly be said that it supplies a want that has long been felt. 
Whitmore's " Massachusetts Civil List," the only book resembling this, contains 
the colonial officers of Plymouth colony, but does not give the military and town 
officers and the professional men. A list of the officers and professional men irr 
Rhode Island is here first collected. The facts gathered up and clearly arranged in 
this book are such as are often found the hardest to obtain, and those who have 
spent days and weeks in endeavoring to ascertain a single fact in our early history, 
will be thankful to Gen. Peirce for the labor which future investigators into local 
history and genealogy will be spared by the use of this book. 

We had no idea that such complete lists, as we find in this book, of the " colo- 
nial, county and town officers, clergymen, physicians and lawyers " of the colonies 
of Plymouth and Rhode Island could be gathered together. To do this must have 
required much unremitting toil, and the perseverance which the compiler has shown 
is worthy of all honor. The extracts from colonial laws defining toe functions of 
officials have been made with judgment, and will be found very useful. 

*' Should the demand for this work,"' we are informed in the preface, li seem to 
warrant the effort for a further and enlarged publication in the same line, the com- 
piler will probably, ere long, publish in like form the Civil, Military and Profes- 
sional Lists of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Haven and New Hampshire colo- 
nies, which, with the present work, will constitute complete books of reference to 
all Colonial New England." We trust that sufficient encouragement may be given 
to Gen. Peirce for him to continue his laburs. 

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, from May, 1757, to March, 1762, 
inclusive. Transcribed and Edited in accordance with a Resolution of the Gene- 
ral Assemby. [State Seal.] By Charles J. IIoadly, State Librarian. Hartford: 
Press of The Case, Lock wood & Brainard Company. 18-0. [8vo. pp. 602.] 

The eleventh volume of the Colonial Records of Connecticut, issued last Septem- 
ber, brings the records down to the year 1702. This volume contains " the first 
four hundred and forty-six pages of the ninth manuscript volume of the Public 
Records of the Colony. Neither the Journal of the Governor and Council, nor that 
of either branch of the General Assembly during the years which this volume em- 
braces, are known to be extant.*' The ''Answers to Queries from the Board of 



108 Booh Kotices. [Jan. 

Trade, 1761-2," printed as an appendix, " from copies procured at the Public Rec- 
ord office in London," show the condition of the colony at that time in regard to 
trade, manufactures. Sec. 

Like previous volumes, a full index of subjects and names is given. Mr. Hoadly 
deserves great credit for the superior manner in which he brings out these volumes. 

The Early Records of Groton, Massachusetts, 1672 — 1707. Edited by Samuel 
A. Green, M.D. Groton : 18S0. [8vo. pp. 201.] 

The town of Groton is fortunate in having a son like Dr. Green, who is interested 
in gathering up and preserving every incident in its early history, and rescuing 
from oblivion the memory of its founders, among whom we find the name of Ben- 
jamin Garfield, ancestor of Gen. James A. Garfield, presidentelect of the United 
States. His historical addresses, which have been noticed in the Register (xxx. 
483 ; xxxiv. 231), are replete with the lore of the past. 

The volume before us is a work of marvellous industry, though few who look 
upon its clear type and beautiful paper, will probably suspect it. Those, how- 
ever, who have seen the tattered pages of the original record and pored over its 
perplexing hieroglyphics, portions of which are gone and others half obliterated, 
to which fantastic spelling adds other difficulties, can form some idea of the 
amount of labor which Dr. Green has bestowed upon the work. 

Portions of this book, under the titles of "Early Records of Groton " (xxxiii. 
451), and ''Early Land Grants of Groton '* (xxxiv. 112), have been noticed in the 
Register. 

These " records of the town of Groton are the earliest extant, and were probably 
the first made of any meeting held within its limits. They are copied from the only 
book of records kept during the Indian wars, and are now printed in accordance 
with a vote of the town. From the fact that the book was for a while preserved 
rolled up, it acquired the name of 'The Indian Roll.' It appears to have been 
lost at one time, but was subsequently found." 

The copying and superintending the printing of this volume is entirely a labor of 
love. 

Washington Academy. Historical Address of the Hon. James Gibson at the Cen- 
tennial Celebration, held at Salem, N. Y.,'on August 25-26, i830. [Royal 8va, 
pp. 25.] 

The one hundredth anniversary of this academy, located at Salem, Washington 
County, N. Y., was celebrated last August. The full proceedings are printed in 
the Salem Press, Sept. 3 and 10, 1880. The oration by the Hon. James Gibson is 
reprinted from the Press in the pamphlet before us. The town of Salem was set- 
tled between 17f>4 and 1770 by Scotch Irish, German Palatines and New England 
people. In 1780 there were three hundred families there. In that year a classical 
school was founded, which eleven years later was incorporated as " Washington 
Academy," whose centenary was observed on the above-named occasion. 

Mr. Gibson in his address gives an interesting narrative of the settlement of that 
part of New York state, anu* biographies of the principals of the academy and 
others connected with it, with glances at the state of society and of education there 
at different periods. The author of this address has prepared a full. history of the 
academy, which he will publish if sufficient encouragement is given. We trust 
that he may be encouraged to do it. 

Suffolk Deeds, Liber I. B >ston : Rockwell & Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch 
St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 827.] 

This volume has been printed by order of the Board of Aldermen of the city of 
Boston, acting as County Commissioners. The original, which has a value to the 
historical student as well as the conveyancer, had become so much dilapidated that 
the most prominent members of the Suffolk bar petitioned Feb. 10, 1m79, that the 
volume be copied and printed verbatim, which has been done. The copy has been 
made by William B. Trask, Esq., than whom no more competent person could be 
found. Mr. Trask has superintended the printing. He has also indexed the work 
in a thorough mariner, there being five separate indexes, tilling 330 pages. -John 
T. Hassam, Esq., to whom the public are mure indebted than any other person tor 
bringing this matter to the attention of the members of the bar and the board of 
aldermen, has rendered valuable assistance on the indexes and in other ways. 

The volume has been completed at so late a day, that a notice worthy of the 
book cannot be prepared in season for this number. We hope to do justice to it 
in our April issue. 



1881.] Booh Notices. 109 

The Relation of the Fisheries to the Discovery and Settlement of North America. 
Delivered before the New Hampshire Historical Society, at Concord, June, 1880, 
and the Massachusetts Fish and Game Protection Society, at Boston, 1860. By 

Charles Levi Woodbury Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 1880. 

[8vo. pp. 26.] 

Mr. Woodbury is well known as a diligent student of New England history. This 
short essay is the result of his studies of some of the early European voyages of 
discovery to these shores, and particularly fishing voyages. He points out some 
interesting relations between the winter fisheries and settlements not hitherto no- 
ticed. He also touches upon many points relating to the period of discover}' and 
colonization, that historical students will find worthy of their consideration. Our 
space will not allow us to indicate fully Mr. Woodbury's interesting views of the 
characters and events of the period upon which he writes. We commend this re- 
view to all who desire to see this great subject freshly and vigorously considered. We 
regard it as an earnest of what we may expect from his other historical researches. 

[By Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 

The Life of James A. Garfield. By Charles Carleton Coefin (War Correspondent 
" Carleton '"). With a Sketch of the Life of Chester A. Arthur. Illustrated. 
Boston: Jameo H. Ear le, Publisher. 1880. [12mo. pp. 3B4.] 

This book was written in haste in the early portion of the recent presidential cam- 
paign ; and now that the subject is soon to be raised to the highest gift in Ameri- 
can citizenship, a new interest surrounds it. Though written in haste, it is 
well done. The aptness of Mr. Coma in Collating incidents which are surrounded 
by things exciting interest, is shown in this work. The subject of this biography 
afTurds a line field for research and writing, which makes the book one of great 
interest. The struggle of the parents, the youth of Garfield, his endeavors to se- 
cure education, his aptness in the class room as teacher, his patriotism and service 
in the war, and the breadth and culture displayed in Congress in dealing with the 
multitudinous questions which arise in the affairs of state, all of these open to a 
wide-awake author a richness of theme rarely surpassed. Mr. Coffin has done his 
work well ; and in this brief notice we wiil not mention it as a mere campaign 
book, for it has proven itself more than that already, but speak of it as a foundation 
on which can be made a standard work among the biographies of those representing 
the best American life. 

[By the Rev. Aaron Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Distinguished Men of Essex County. Communicated by Hon. Na- 
than Crosby, LL.D. From the Hist. Coll. Essex Inst., vol. xvii. part 2. Salem : 
Printed at the Salem Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. 29.] 

This paper was read before the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, on the: 
7th of April last (Register, xxxiv. 318). It was again read on the 19th of the same 
month before the Essex Institute, and printed in their Collections, from which this 
reprint is made. 

Judge Crosby prefixes to his reminiscences some eloquent remarks upon the pre- 
eminence of Essex County in the history of this commonwealth. " She is," says he, 
" our Mecca and our Antioch ; our national birth-place and our christening." The 
reminiscences relate chiefly to three eminent men of about the author's own age, 
viz. : the Hon. Kufus Choate, the Hon. Caleb Cushing and the Hon. Robert iian- 
toul, Jr., " born within a lew miles of each other, Choate in 1799, Cushing in 
1800, and Rantoul in 1805, of parents of about equal condition and position in 
society." Among the other celebrities with whom Judge Crosby was acquainted 
and has given interesting recollections here, are Garrison, the anti-slavery leader, 
Prescott, the historian, Whittier, the poet, Hawthorne, the novelist, Peabody, the 
benevolent banker, and Miss Hannah b\ Gould, the poetess. 

Centennial Anniversary of the Independence of the State of Vermont and the Battle 
of Bennington, August 15 and 10, lb77. Westminster — llubhcirdton — Windsor. 
Tuttle & lu., Kutland, Official Printers and Stationers to the State of Vermont. 
Ib79. (8vo. pp. 232.] 

The services on the two days named in the title of this book were intended to 
commemorate the centenaries of two separate events in the history of Vermont ; the 
first the independence of the state, and the second an important revolutionary bat- 
tle fought on its soil. The true centenary of the independence of Vermont was 
VOL. XXXV. 10* 



110 Boole JYotices. [Jan. 

Jan. 17, 1877, that being one hundred years from Jan. 17, 1777, when a conven- 
tion of the people at Westminster declared Vermont to be "a separate, free and 
independent jurisdiction or state." It was thought best, however, to combine the 
two celebrations. 

The oration on Vermont day was by Daniel Roberts, Esq., of Burlington, and 
that on Bennington day by the Rev. Samuel C. Bartlett, D.D., president of Dart- 
mouth College. Both are worthy of the occasion that called them forth. Some of 
the most eminent men in the nation contributed to the interest of the-^e two days, 
and their speeches and writings are printed with the above-named orations in this 
volume. The volume also contains a iiood account of the Battle of Bennington, by 
the venerable Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.l)., and the proceedings at three local celebra- 
tions in 1877, namely, one in Westminster Jan. 15, the centenary of the declaration 
of independence by Vermont ; another at Ilubhardton July 7, the centenary of 
the battle of ilubhardton ; and the last at Windsor July 8 and 9, the first day be- 
ing the centenary of the adoption of the constitution of Vermont. Several fine 
engravings on steel embellish the volume. The celebration was a credit to the state, 
and the book is a fitting memorial of it. 

The Writings of Louis Hennepin, Recollect Franciscan Missionary. By Rev. Ed- 
ward D. Neill, President of Macalester College. [1880. 8vo. pp. 10 ] 

The Rev. Mr. Neill, the author of this paper, which was read Sept. 6, 1880, at 
the monthly meeting of the Department of American History, Minnesota Historical 
Society, has done much by original research to elucidate the eariy history of oar 
country. Mr. Neill here shows that Hennepin's first book, " The History of Louis- 
iana," is " a compilation from the writings of others with the interjection of exag- 
gerations." In his " New Discovery " gross falsehoods are pointed out. The au- 
thorship of this work has been doubted, but Mr. Neill gives reasons for believing 
it to be by Hennepin. " Recent doubts," he adds, " can never shear him of his 
reputation as the author of the ' Nouvelle Decouverte,' and nothing has been dis- 
covered to change the verdict of two centuries, that Louis Hennepin, Recollect 
Franciscan, was deficient in christian manhood." 

Catalogue of the Choice and Extensive Law and Miscellaneous Library of the late 

Hon. Wm. Green. IjL.D.. Comprising nearly 10,000 Volumes To be sold 

by Auction, January 18, 1881 John E. Laughton, Jr., Auctioneer 

No. 916 Main Street, Richmond, Va. [Svo. pp. 210.] 

An advertisement of this sale, to which we refer our readers for detail-', will be 
found on the cover of this Register. The catalogue, which, was prepared under the 
supervision of R. A. Brock, Esq., Corresponding secretary and librarian of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, and a personal friend of the late owner, exhibits care and 
lucid arrangement. It is a neatly printed book of 210 pages, and in the department 
of law particularly has special value, as presenting, possibly, a more complete bib- 
liography of the ,; tortuous science" than has yet appeared, as the library con- 
tains many volumes which are said by those well informed, and whose dictum is 
authority, not to exist elsewhere. The late owner was a profound bibliopole as well 
as lawyer, and it was his uniform habit to annotate his books, which are thus well 
freighted with the wealth of his untiring investigations. Many of them are attrac- 
tive also by reason of past associations, containing as they do memorials of distin- 
guished ownership in England and America, autographs, book-plates, MS. notes, &c. 

Census of Seymour. 1880. Price 25 cts. Published by W. 0. Sharpe, Seymour, 
Conn. [12mo. pp. 25.] 

This pamphlet contains the names of all the residents, male and female, of Sey- 
mour, Conn., June I, 1580, as taken by Mr. Henry Bradley, the United States cen- 
sus enumerator for that town, but witiiout the ages and other particulars. It will 
be useful to genealogists. 

The Family of Fuller. Some Royal, Noble, and Gentle Descents of the Kerry 
Branch. Compiled for his Descendants, by James Franklin Fuller, F S.A. 
[Motto.] (Twenty copies only.) Printed at the Private Press of John Wilson, 
C. E., Urmond Road, Dublin. 18-0. [Folio, 33 leaves unpaged.] 

The Jarvis Family ; or The Descendants of the First Settlers of the Name in Massa- 
chusetts and Long Island, and those who have more recently Settled in Other Parts 
of the United States and British America. Collected and Compiled by Ceorge A. 
Jarvis of New York : George Murray Jarvis of Ottawa, Canada ; William 
Jaryis Wetmore of New York; assisted by Alfred Harding of Brooklyn, N. Y. 



1881.] Book Notices. Ill 

Hartford : Press of The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. 18T9. [8vo. pp. 
vii.-f-350-f-19. With blank Family Keeord, 4 leaves appended.] 

Peirce Genealogy, being the Record of the Posterity of John Pers, an Early Inhabitant 
of Walertown in New England, who came from Norwich, Norfolk County, Eng- 
land; with Notes on the History of other Families of Peirce, Pierce, Pearce, etc. 
By Frederick Clifton Peirce, Esq Worcester: Press of Charles Hamil- 
ton, No. 301 Main Street. 1830. [870. pp. 278. Price $4.] 

Memoir of Col. Joshua Fry, sometime Professor in William and Mary College, Vir- 
ginia, and Washington's Senior in Command of Virginia Forces, 1751, etc, etc.; 
with an Autobiography of his son, Rev. Henry Fry, and a Census of their De- 
scendants. By Rev. P. Slaughter, D.D., Author of " History of St. George's 
Parish." " St. Mark's Parish," "Bristol Parish," etc. etc. [1830. 870. pp. 
112.] 

Genealogical Memoirs of John Knox and the Family of Knox. By the Rev. Charles 

Rogers, LL D., Historiographer of the Royal Historical Society London: 

Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1879. [870. pp. 184. j 

Genealogical Memoirs of the Scottish House of Ch r istie. Compiled from Family 
Papers and the Public Record, by the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D. .... Lon- 
don : Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1878. [8vo. pp. 78.] 

Genealogical Memoirs of the Families of Colt and Coults. By the Rev. Charles 

Rogeks, LL.D London: Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1879. 

[8vo. pp. 59.] 

Sharpe Genealogy and Miscellany. By W. C. Sharpe, Author of the " History of 
Seymour." Record Print, Seymour, Conn., 1880. [12mo. pp. 173; with por- 
traits, fac-similes and coat-of-arms. Price $1.50, to be obtained of the author, 
Seymour, Conn.] 

Some Account of the Clayton Family of Thelwall, co. Chester; afterwards of St. 
Dominick's Abbey, Doneraile and Mallow, co. Cork. A Paper read before the 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Chester, 4th March, 1880. By J. Paul Ry- 
lands, F.S.A., &c. [Seal.] Liverpool: T. Brakell, Printer, 58 Dale Street. 
1880. [870. pp. 20.1 

The Starkie Family of Pennington and Bedford, in the Parish of Leigh, co. Lan- 
caster. Two Papers By J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A. Leigh, Lancashire: 

1880. (Not Published.) [8vo. pp. 18.] 

Contributions to the Genealogy of the Burbank and Burbanck Families in the United 
States. By G. T. Ridlon. Saco, Me. : From the Press of C. P. Pike. 1880. 
[Svo. pp. 56.] 

A Genealogy of the Littlehale Family in America from 1633 to 1680. Collated and 

Compiled by F. H. Littlehale, of the Eighth Generation Dallas, Texa3 : 

Bolles & Stevens, Mercantile Job Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 10.] 

A Memorial of a Respectable and Respected Family, and especially of Joshua Bick- 
nell, Farmer, Representative, Senator, Judge and Eminent Christian Citizen: 
" The Noblest Roman of them All." Boston, Mass. : New England Publishing 
Co., Pi inters. 1880. [8vo. pp. 32-f-xvi.] 

The Towne Memorial ; Compiled j rom the New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register. Towne Manuscripts, Public and Family Records, for A. F. Towne, 
Esq., San Francisco. Cal. By Edwin Hubbard Chicago: Fergus Print- 
ing Company. 1880. [8vo. 114-j-xvi.] 

We continue this quarter our notices of genealogical works recently published. 

The elegant work on the Fuller family, whose title heads our list, consisth of thir- 
ty tables, giving the descent of the author's children from " royal, noble or gentle " 
families lor several hundred years. Among their ancestors may be named Charle- 
magne and Alfred the Great. Mr. Fuller has been very successful in tracing these 
descents, and has displayed them in a clear manner. 

The Jarvis genealogy is a neatly printed work of nearly four hundred pages, with 
numerous portraits and other illustrations. Among the distinguished persons of 
this name recorded here are — Edward Jarvis, M I)., the venerable president of the 
American Statistical Association; William Jarvis, U.S. Consul and charge d'af- 
faires at Lisbon ; the Rt. Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., bishop of Connecticut^and his 
son the Rev. Samuel F. Jams, D.D., LL.D. An index would double the value of 
the volume. 

The Pierce genealogy is by the author of the History of Grafton, noticed by us in 
April last (Register, xxxiv. 220). The book seema to be thoroughly prepared. 



112 Recent Publications, [Jan. 

being precise and full as to names and dates ; and is clearly arranged, with good 
indexes. The volume is handsomely printed, and is illustrated with numerous 
steel-plate, heliotype and artotype portraits and views. Among the distinguished 
descendants of John Peirce of Watertown, may bo named Guv. John A. Andrew, 
the Hon. E. Rockwood Hoar, the Hon. George F. Hoar, Prof. Benjamin Peiree of 
Harvard University, and the Hon. Henry L. 1'ierce. 

The Hev. Dr. Slaughter's book contains much interesting local and general histo- 
ry, as well as the biography and genealogy of the Frys. It is well prepared and 
well printed. 

The three volumes of genealogy by the Piev. Dr. Rogers, of London, are like all 
his works, models of historical and genealogical research. In the first book, the 
genealogy of the famous reformer, John Knox, is traced, and his biography fully 
given. The Scottish families to which the other books are devoted, have a historic 
record. 

The author of the Sharpe genealogy published a work in 1S74 on this name which 
was noticed in the Register (xxxiii. 2b7). The present work is much enlarged and 
improved. Among those who have aided the author is Miss Thomasin Elizabeth 
Sharpe, of Kensington, England, author of " A Royal Descent and other Pedigrees" 
(Register, xxxi. 349). Fnglisn genealogy and biography, as well as American, are 
here given. 

Of the two works by Mr. Rylands, the first is a reprint from the ;i Transactions 
of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire,'' for the year 1880 ; and the sec- 
ond is a reprint of two Papers contributed to the " Historical and Genealogical 
Notes " in the Leiyfi Chronicle. They are valuable additions to the genealogy of 
the two counties of Lancaster and Chester. 

The Rev. Mr. Ridlon's pamphlet is the first work yet published on the Burbank 
family, and is a valuable " contribution " to its genealogy. 

The Littlehale pamphlet gives descendants of Richard Littlehaie, an early settler 
of Rowley. The author, who resides in the state of Texas, deserves much credit for 
compiling so satisfactory an account of the Littlehales under the disadvantage of 
distance from his kindred and the records of his family. 

The Bicknell genealogy gives the ancestry and descendants of Joshua 6 Bicknell 
(Joshua, 5 Joshua, 4 Zachariah, 3 John, 2 Zachary 1 ), with biographical matter. Ap- 
pended is the pamphlet noticed in July last (Register, xxxiv. 231). 

The Towne genealogy is by the author of the pamphlet noticed last October (Reg- 
ister, xxxiv. 432), but is much enlarged and improved. The manuscript genealogy 
of this family by the late William B. Towne, Esq., to which Mr. Hubbard acknow- 
ledges his indebtedness, ought to be published in full. Mr. Towne spent more or 
less time for nearly half a century in collecting and arranging his materials, some 
of which were obtained from persons now dead, and from records which cannot now 
be found. His work is very full and quite voluminous. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, to Dec. 1, 1SS0. 

Atlas of Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Compiled from recent and actual surveys 
and records, under the direction of the publishers. Published by George H. Walker & 
Co., 81 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 1380. [Folio, pp. 81.] 

Pictorial History of Lynn. Lynn, Mass.. 1880. Published by the Photo-Electrotype 
Co., 171 Devonshire St. Boston. James H. Stark, C. A. Wood, Editors. Price 15 cents. 
[Folio, pp. 24.] 

Memoires tie la Societe Historique de Montreal. Voyage de Kalm en Amerique. Ana- 
lyse et traduit par L. W. Marchand, Avocat, Griffier de la cour d'appel, Membre de la Soci- 
ete Historique de Montreal, Membre Correspondant de la Societe des Antiquaires du Nord, 
etc. etc. [Arms.] Montreal: Imprime par T. Berthiaume, No*. 212 et 214 Rue Notre- 
Damc. 1880. [Royal 8vo. 2 Nos. Septieme Livraison, pp. 108. Huitieme Livraison, 
pp. 255.] 

The City of Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, and the surrounding country ; their 
condition, resources and advantages, and the inducements they offer to those seeking homes 
or places for business, investments, etc. By Jed. Hotchkiss, Consulting Engineer, author 
of the " State Summary of Virginia," "A Prefatory" and "A Complete Geography of 
Virgina," etc. Staunton, Va. Spectator Steam Priuting-House. L). E. Strasburg, Book 
and Job Printer. [Imp. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The Charter and By-Laws of .he Tennessee Historical Society, revised Oct. 1878, with a 
list of members. Nashville : Printed for the Society. 1880. [8vo. pp. 24.] 



1881.] 



Recent Tuhlications* 113 



Memorial of the Centennial Celebration of the battle of Panlus Hook, An?. 19th, 1S79; 
With a history of the early settlement and present condition of Jersey City, N. J. Edited 
by George H.' Farrier. . .'. Jersey City: M. Mullone, Printer. 1879. [8vo. pp. 182.] 

The First Church in Gloucester. An authentic historical statement. Showing also the 
legal relations of Parishes and Churches. Procter Brothers, Printers, Gloucester. 18S0. 
[8vo. pp. 27.] 

Subjects for Master's Degree in Harvard College. 1655 — 1791. Translated and arranged 
■With an introduction and notes by Edward J. Young. [Reprinted from the Proceedings of 
the Mass. Historical Society, June, ISoO.] Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University 
Press. 18S0. [8vo. pp. 38*.] 

The City of Buffalo and its surroundings, its business facilities and its advantages as a 
place of residence and summer resort. . . . Buffalo: Published by William Thurston. 
The Courier Company, Printers, 197 Main Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 48.] 

A Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the University of Virginia. Fifty-sixth 
Session. 1879-80. Richmond : Whittet &, Shepperson, Printers, cor. 10th and Main Sts. 
1880. [Svo. pp. 64.] 

Memoirs of George B. Wood, M.D , LL.D. By Henry Hartshorne, A.M., M.D. (Read 
before the American Philosophical Society, Oct. 11, 18S0. ) [Svo. pp. 35.] 

The two hundred and forty-second Annua' Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company of Massachusetts. 1879-80. Sermon by Rev. Edward Everett Hale, of Boston, 
Mass. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 School St. 1880. [Svo. pp. 117.] 

Necrology for 1879-SO, Dartmouth College. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

The Fencing of Railroads. A correspondence between William O. Brown, Esq., chair- 
man of the board of County Commissioners of the County of Worcester, and Hon. A. A. 
Barrage. Published by request* Boston : Printed by Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin St. 
and 149 Congress Street. lSbO. [Svo. pp. 39.] 

The Boston Public Latin School, 1635-1S80. By Henrr F. Jenks. Illustrated. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. : Published by Moses King. 1881. "[8vo. pp. 24.] 

Act and Bull, or Fixed Anniversaries. A paper submitted to the Numismatic and Anti- 
quarian Society of Philadelphia, Nov. 4, 1880, by Lewis A. Scott, with an appendix con- 
taining the Bull of Gregory XIII. translated, and "the body of the Act, of Parliament. [Svo. 
pp. 24.] 

Biographical Memoranda respecting all who ever were members of the Class of 1832, in 
Yale College. Edited by the Class-Secretary, for private distribution. New Haven; Tut- 
tle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. [1880. Folio, pp. 306+.] 

Proceedings of the XJ. 3. Naval Institute; the autobiography of Commodore Charles 
Morris, U.S.X. [Seal.] Published by the Institute, Annapolis, Md. [Svo. pp. 219.] 

Harvard University Library Bulletin, No. 16, October 1st, 1S30. Vol. II. No. 3. 

Report of the Proceedings of the Society of the Army of West Virginia, at its first three 
meetings. . . . With Constitution and Bv-Laws of the Society. Cincinnati: Peter G. 
Thompson, Publisher, 179 Vine St. 18S0. [Svo. pp. 56.] 

Memoir of the Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D. By Peleg W. Chandler. Reprinted 
from the proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for April, 1880. Cambridge: 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1SS0. [8vo. pp. 32.] 

Semi-Centennial Meeting of the Orange County Conference, held at Randolph, Vt., with 
the historical discourse by R.ev. L. H. Eliot. 1830-lSbO. Montpelier, Vt. : Argus and Pat- 
riot Job Printing House. " 1830. [Svo. pp. 28.] 

Christianity and Science, an Address by Rev. John P. Gulliver, at his inauguration as 
Stone Professor of the Relations of Christianity to the Secular Sciences, Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, June 23, 1879, together with a memorial of the founder and the statutes 
Of the foundation. Andover : Printed by Warren A. Draper. 1880. [Svo. pp.46.] 

The Farewell Sermon delivered by Rev. Sereno Dwight Gammed, on Sunday, August 1, 
1880, in Boxford, Mass., at the conclusion of his settlement over the first church and parish 
in that town; also extracts from resolutions passed by church and parish, and statistics. 
Boxford : Sidney Perley. 1330. [Svo. pp. 8.J 

Proceedings of the Grand Commnndcry of Maine ; and its twenty-ninth annual conclave, 
held at Portland, May 5, 1880. Vol. IV.— Part I. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berry, 
Printer. 183'). [Svo. pp. 108.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Chanter of Maine at its fiftv-fifth annual convocation, held at 
Portland, May 4, 1880. Vol. VI. Part 11. [Seal.] Portland : Stephen Berry, Printer. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 268.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Maine, at its sixty-first annual communication, held 
at Portland, May, 1880. Vol. X.— Part II. [Scab] Portland: Stephen Berry, Printer. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 580 ] 

The Three Year** Service of the Thirty-Third Mass. Infantry Regiment, 1862-1865, and 
the campaigns and battles of Chancellorsville, Beverley's Ford, Gettysburg, Waukatchie, 
Chattanooga, Atlanta, the march to the sea and through the Carolina*, m which it took 
part. By Adin B. Underwood, A.M., formerly colonel of the regiment, Brig. Gen. and 



114 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

Brevet Maj. Gen. U.S.V. Boston : A. Williams t St Co., Publishers, 2S3 Washington Street. 
18S1. [8vo. pp. 299-f-.] 

Notes concerning the Wampanoau Tribe of Indians, with some account of a Rock Picture 
on the shore of Mount Hope Bav, in Bristol, R. I., by William J. Miller. Providence : 
Sidney S. Rider. 1SS0. [Svo. pp. 14S.J 

The General Association of the Congregational Churches of Massachusetts, 1S80; Min- 
utes of the seventy-eighth annual meeting, Salem, June 16-17, with the statistics. Boston : 
Congregational Publishing Society, Congregational House. 18S0. [8vo. pp. 12'.] 

History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 1S29-187S. [Seal.] Boston : Printed 
for the Society. 1SS0. [Svo. pp. 54-3.1 

Exposition du Canada, Montreal, 1SS0. Exposition Scolaire de la Province de Quebec. 
Catalogue et !i-t officielle des recompenses. Imprimee par J. B. Laplante, 215 Rue St. 
Jacques, Montreal. 1830. [Svo. pp. 15-f-6S.] 

Historv of Corinthian Chapter No. 7 of Roval Arch Masons, Belfast. Maine, from 1S48 
to 1880. "By Russell G. Dyer, Secretary. Belfast: G. W. Burgess, Printer. 13^0. [Svo. 
pp. 80.] 

The new Public Buildings on Penn Square in the city of Philadelphia; address of Hon- 
Benjamin Harris Brewster, at the laying of the corner stone, July 4, 1874, with a descrip- 
tion of the buildings, the statistics am 1 progress of the work up to January 1, 1SS0. . . . 
Printed for the Commissioners. Philadelphia: 1830. [Svo. pp. 38.] 

Reminiscences of Fugitive Slave-Law Days in Boston. By Austin Bcarse. Boston: 
Printed by Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin'Street and 149 Congress Street 1SS0. [8vo. 
pp.41. 

Report of the joint select Committee to inquire into the condition of the Election Returns 
of Sept. 8th, 1879, and the expenditure of public moneys under the direction of Governor 
Garcelon and Council, made to the 59th legislature of Maine. Augusta: Sprague & Son, 
Printers to the State. 1880. [Svo. pp. 838] 

A Sketch of Obstetrics and Gyna^cologv in America. The annual address delivered be- 
fore the Massachusetts Eclectic Medical Society, June 4, 1880. By Milbrey Green, M.D. 
Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, No. 34 School Street. 1S8). [8vo. pp. 66.] 

1855 — 1830. A Discourse commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the organization of 
the Parish of Grace Church, Newton, Mass., delivered by the Rev. G. W. Sliinn. Rector, 
Sunday, Sept. 26, 1880. Boston : Press of D. Clapp & Son. 1880. [Sq. Svo. pp. 25.] 

History of the Seventh Squadron Rhode Island Cavalry. By a Member, 1862. "Old 
Times " Office. Yarmouth, Me. 1879. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

Minutes of the Seventy-First Annual Meeting of the General Association of New Hamp- 
shire, held at Portsmouth, Sept. 14, 15 and 16, iSSO. Seventy-Ninth Annual 

Report of the New Hampshire Home Missionary Society. Bristol, N. H. Printed by R. 
W. Musgrove. 18^0. [Svo. pp. 97-] 

The Back Bay District and the Vendome, Boston. By Moses King. 1S80. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons. Quarterly communication, Sept. 8,1880. Boston: Press of Rock- 
well & Churchill, 39 Arch Street.' 1880. [Svo. pp. 101.] 

Visitors' Guide to Salem. Salem, Mass. Henry P. Ives, Publisher. 1880. [Svo. pp. 
54, xxxii ] 

Biographical Memoir of Mrs. Arabella Maclay Widney. [8vo. pp. 23.] 

Catalo^us Senatus Academici et eorum qui munera et officia ^esserunt quique honoribus 
academicis donati sunt in Universitate Brunensi, qiue est Providential in Republica Insula? 
Rhodiensis. Providential J. A. et R. A. Reid, Typographis. MDCCCLXXX. [Svo. pp. 125.] 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annual meeting held at 
Boston, April 28. 1SS0. [Seal.] Worcester: Printed by Charles Hamilton, Central Ex- 
change. 1330. [Svo. pp. 91.] 

Curiosities of History: Boston, September Seventeenth, 1C30— 16S0. By William W. 
Wheildon. Second Edition. Boston : Lee & Shepard, Publishers. 1880. [12mo. pp. 141.] 

Reply to Francis Brinlev on the claims of Hon. John P. Bi^elow as founder of Boston 
Public Library. By Tiinothv Bigelow. Read before Boston Antiquarian Club, Mav 11, 
1880. Boston : Tolrnan & White, Printers, 383 Washington St. 1S80. [Svo. pp. 50."j 

Collections of the Minnesota Historical Societv. Vol. III. Part 3. [Seal.] Saiut Paul: 
Published by the Society. 1380. [Svo. pp. 162.'] 

The Philosophy of History. A valedictory address delivered at the commencement ex- 
ercises of Woodward and Hughes High Schools, Cincinnati, June 18, 1880. By Walter W. 
Spooner. [8vo. pp. 6.] 

Constitution and By-Laws of the British Charitable Society, together with a li-t of mem- 
bers and donors. [Seal.] Revised, Mav, 1880. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 
No. 18 Post.Omce Square. 1880. [l2mo. pp. 26.] 

Fifty-Ninth Annua! Report of the Board of Direction of the Mercantile Librarv Associa- 
tion of the City of New York. May, 1879— April. lS^O. New York : Terwiliiger & Peck, 
Steam Printers and Stationers, No. 83 Eighth Avenue. 1880. [Svo. pp. 39.] 



1881.] Recent Publications. 115 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the University of Alabama. With a statement 
of the courses of instruction in the various departments. 1879— SO- [Seal.] Tuscaloosa, 
Ala. 1880. [8vo. pp. 32.] 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library, July. 1880. Vol. 4, No. 7. [Royal Svo. pp. 32.] 

Obituary Record of Alumni of Wesleyan University for the academic year ending June 

24, 1S80. Issued for the use of the alumni. No. 17 of the printed series. Middletown, 

Conn. 18S0. [Svo. pp. 22.] 

The Grand Encampment and Knights Templars' Triennial Conclave, at Chicago, August 
16, 17, IS and 19, 1880, containing a complete programme of the ceremonies and Festivities 
of the four days' entertainment, together with a History of the Order, chronicles of previ- 
ous conclaves, description of arches and other decorations, explanations of emblems, etc. 
etc. Bv W. S. Walker and Charles W. Northup. . . . Chicago: Culver, Page, Hoyue 
& Co., Printers. 1SS0. [Svo. pp 12S ] 

Report of the Superintendent of the United State? Coa^t Survey, showing the progress of 
the work for the ti-cal vear ending with June, 1S76. Washington: Government Printing 
Office. 1879. [ Folio, pp. 4164-.] 

Memorial Services of Commemoration Day, held in Canton May 29, 18S0, under the aus- 
pices of Revere Encampment, Po<t 91. Grand Armv of the Republic. Boston: William 
Bense, Pi-inter, 35 Congress St. 1830. [Svo. pp. 23.] 

The Threshing-Floor. A Critic criticized, and School Reform indorsed. Mr. Bates win- 
nowed and passed through the sieve ; his wheat and chaff separated ; and the Boston 
School Committee sustained. Reported for the guidance of parent- and tax-payers by their 
sub-committee of One. Boston: Lee & Shepard, Publishers. lbSO. [Svo. pp. 18.] 

Societv of the Army of the Cumberland, eleventh re-union, Washington City, D. C. 
1879. Published by order of the Societv. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Company. 1S80. 
[Svo. pp. 291.] 

Settlers of Aquidneck, and Liberty of Conscience. Read before the Rhode Island His- 
torical Societv, February, 18S0. By Henrv E. Turner. M.D. Published bv the Newport 
(R. 1.) Historical Publishing Co. ' R. II." Tillev, Secretary. 12S Thames St! 18S0. [Svo. 
pp. 51.] 

Correspondence connected with the withdrawal of Mr. Theodore Thomas from the Col- 
lege of Music of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: Press of Robert Clarke & Co. 1SS0. [Svo. 
pp. 15.] 

Address at the Unveiling of the Monument erected to the memory of James Lewis 
Young, delivered in Machpelah Cemetery, Mt. Sterling, Kv., on October 2. 1879. By Wm. 
C.P.Breckinridge. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1S79. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Unveiling of Ward's Equestrian Statue of Major General George H. Thomas, Washing- 
ton, November 19, 1879. Address bv Stanlev Matthews. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & 
Co. 1879. [Svo. pp. 30.] 

Address to Alumni of Kenvon Co'le?e, June 23, 1SS0. By Stanley Matthews. Cincin- 
nati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1880. [Svo. pp. 33.] 

Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio. A brief Biographical Sketch. [Svo. pp. 8.] 
Report of the Joint Select Committee to inquire into the condition of the Election 
Returns of Sentember 8th, IS79. and the Expenditure of Public Moneys under the direc- 
tion of Gov. Garcelon and Council, made to the 6)zh legislature of Maine. [Svo. pp 30-f.] 

Regi-tcr of the Commissioned, Warrant and Volunteer Officers of the Navy of the United 
States, including officers of the marine corps and others, to July 1, 1SS0. Washington: 
Government Printing Office. 1880. [Svo. pp. 79.] 

Report on the Training Systems for the Navy and Mercantile Marine of England, and 
on the naval training system of France, made to the Bureau of Equipment and Re- 
cruiting U. S. Navy Department. September, 1879. Bv Lieutenant Commander F. E. 
Chadwick, U. S. Navy. Washington Printing Office. 1880. [Svo. pp. 207.] 

Report on Foreign Systems of Naval Education. By Professor James Russell Soley, 
U.S.N. Washington: "Government Printing Office. 18^0. [Svo. pp. 335.] 

Annual Report Secretary of the Navy on the operations of the department for the year 
1879. Washington : Government Printing Office. 1880. [Svo. pp. 379.] 

First Annual Report of the State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity of Massachu- 
setts, 1879. Supplement containing the report- and papers on Public Health. Boston : 
Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 Franklin St. 1880. [Svo. pp. 277.] 

Minutes and Reports of the General Conference of the Congregational Churches in 
Maine, and Maine Missionary Society. 188 J. [Svo. pp. 152.] 

An Account of the Commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Boston Street M. E. 
Church, Lynn, Mass., May 2o, 1878. Lvnn, Mass.: Leach & Lewis, Printers, Sherry's 
Block, Munroe Street. 188). [Svo. pp. 40.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. Nos. 2 and 3, 18S0. . . . Wash- 
ington : Government Printing Office. 1880. (3vo. pp. 96f 110.J 



116 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



DEATHS. 



Appleton", Mrs. Frances Anne Atkinson, 
wife of the Hon. Edward Appleton, at 
Reading, Mass., Friday morning, Ju- 
ly 30, f880, aged 63. She was a dau. 
of Theodore and a granddaughter of 
William K. Atkinson, of Dover, N.H., 
of which place she was a native. She 
was educated at the academy in that 
town, and in 18 12 married Mr. Apple- 
ton, who in 1844 removed to Reading, 
where she has since resided. 

Her lift! work has been chiefly in her 
own household, the care of a large fam- 
ily, in the frequent absence of Mr. 
Appleton in his professional work, 
devolving up >n her In the discharge 
of these duties she found her highest 
pleasure, making her home attractive 
alike to her family and friends. While 
she was eminently social, the life and 
the light of her household, her sym- 
pathies reached out to those around. 
She was thoughtful of the poor, and 
kept in preparation things that she 
might bestow for their comfort. Many 
will rise up to call her blessed. 

Mrs. Appleton was of one of the most 
prominent pre-revolutionary X. Hamp- 
shire families, viz., that of Col. Theo- 
dore Atkin-on, councillor, secretary of 
the Province, and at one time owner of 
about one-fifth of the state not previ- 
ously granted or settled. The town of 
Atkinson was a portion of his posses- 
sions, and also the towns of Frances- 
town and Deering, named in honor of 
his son"s wife, Frances Deering \Y r ent- 



worth. d: 



daughter 



of Samuel Went- 
worth, of Boston, who was a lady 
of rare beauty and accomplishments. 

By her mother's side she was a de- 
scendant of the Harris, Mason and 
Wendell families of this state, her 
grandmother being a sister of the Rev. 
rhaddeus Mason Harris, D.D., of 
Dorchester. 

Mrs. Appleton had a large collection 
of family souvenirs of more than or- 
dinary interestand value, some of them 
associated with historic families and 
dating back to colonial times. She was 
quite a student of genealogy, and col- 
lected many facts concerning the an- 
cestry of her relatives and friends. 

Cowles, William Wade, Esq., at Bos- 
ton. Mass., Oct. 4, 1880, aged 62. He 
was born at Granny, Mass., May 28, 
1818. tie was lor over twenty years a 
well known broker in Boston, where 
he w;'s a prominent member of the 
New Jerusalem church. 



Fuller, Hiram, at Paris, France, Nov. 
19, 1880, aged 66. He was a s >n of 
Thomas and Sarah Fuller, of Halifax, 
Mass., where he was born Sept. 6, 
1814. His emigrant ancestor was Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, of the Mayflower Pil- 
grims. After teaching the public 
school in Plympton one winter, and 
a private school in Plymouth several 
years, Mr. Fuller became the princi- 
pal of Green Street Seminary, Provi- 
dence, R. I., where he had as an as- 
sistant the gifted Margaret Fuller, a 
descendant of Thomas Fuller, of Wo- 
burn (Reg. xiii. 357, 363), not known 
to be related to the Pilgrim. He 
was afterwards a bookseller in Provi- 
dence. In 1843 he was associated with 
Nath'l P. Willis and George P. Morris 
in publishing the New Mirror. The 
Evening Mirror was a later venture 
by the three, but Mr. Fuller subse- 
quently became the proprietor. He 
was a genial, sociable companion and a 
writer of considerable talent. His pu- 
pils in Plymouth are said to speak of 
him as an excellent teacher, and hold 
him in affectionate remembrance. 

Some years ago he went abroad, es- 
poused the Confederate cause, and 
established at London The Cosmopo- 
lite, a weekly newspaper. He was 
afterwards engaged in journalism in 
Paris. He published The Groton Let- 
ters, N. Y., 1845 ; Belie Britain, or 
a Tour in Newport, N. Y., 1858 : 
Sparks from a Locomotive, N. Y., 
1859 ; North and South, by the White 
Republican, London, 1863. 

Hayden, William, Esq., at Maiden. 
Mass., Oct. 6, 1880, aged 84. He was 
born, Nov. 8, 1795. at Richmond, Va., 
but was of New England ancestry. 
He was descended from the Vassals 
of Cambridge (Register, xxv. 41). 
His education was received at the B >s- 
ton public schojls, and he has been 
prominently connected with public 
affairs here in city and state. From 
1824 to 1841 he was auditor of Bo-ton, 
and was afterwards editor of the Boston. 
Atlas, lie was several years a mem- 
ber of the Boston common council, and 
a representative of this city in the 
Massachusetts general court. 

Wyman, Miss Hannah Adams, in Med- 
ford, Mass., Oct. 5, 1880, aged 68 yrs. 
7 in os. 16 da vs. She was a diui'hter 
of the late Joseph, Jr , an I Elizabeth 
Lyndc (Blanchard) Wyman. 



**5# 



' h °S' 



x 

■•' ...^ -'''■-:'''' ■'■-:> 



- - -?y ;.; .-"— " ; - 









-*-•■>■■ ,*- 

.--^: ■ ' : ' Hill 













JS> 






-%>. 






.rvrrx-^ ./- 




yi oA^, 










THE 

HISTORICAL MB GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1831. 



JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT. 

By the Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D., of Portland, Me. 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT was born in Waltham, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 23, 1800, and died there, Dec.' 17, 1879. 

Mr. B right's volume, 'The Brights of Suffolk, England," print- 
ed for private distribution in 1858, but accessible to genealogical 
inquirers, closes with Henry Bright, Jr., who came to New Eng- 
land in 1(330, and settled in Watertown, Mass. Henry Bright, 
Jr., married Anne Goldstone, who came from Suffolk, England, 
in 1634. Through her he inherited the homestead of her parents, 
in Watertown, east of and adjoining the estate of the late John P. 
Gushing, and opposite that of the late Alvan Adams. Here Henry 
Bright, Jr., lived and died. 

His son, the first Nathaniel Bright, of Watertown, married Mary 
Coolidge, of the same town ; and their son, the second Nathaniel 
Bright, married Ann Bowman, all of Watertown. The homestead 
of the second Nathaniel Bright was about three-fourths of a mile 
west of the Goldstone place, and still remains in the hands of his 
descendants. The old house upon it, taken down in 1877, was said 
to have been built before 1700. 

The third Nathaniel Bright, son of the second, married Sybil 
Stone, of Sudbury, Mass., a descendant of Gregorv Stone. Their 
son John Bright, of Waltham, married Elizabeth Brown, of Wa- 
tertown, daughter of Cant. Jonathan Brown. This John Bright 
settled, in 1776, in Waltham, where he lived until his death, in his 
87th year, in 1840. His ten children, of whom Jonathan Brown 
Bright was the youngest, were born in the house which stood nearly 
where that stands in which the latter died, on the main highway 
into Waltham, on the eastern bank of Beaver Brook, the estate 
being divided by Grove Street. 

Elizabeth Brown, the mother of Jonathan B. Bright, was a 
daughter of Jonathan Brown, of Watertown (captain in the army 
vol. xxxv. 11 



118 Jonathan Brown Bright. [April, 

at Lake George, 1758) and Esther Mason, of T\ r atertown, a de- 
scendant of Hugh Mason. Capt. Jonathan Drown was a son of 
Jonathan Brown, of Watertown, and Elizabeth Simonds, of Lex- 
ington. This Jonathan was son of Capt. Abraham Brown, of Wa- 
tertown, and Mary Hyde, of Newton. Capt. Abraham Brown 
dropped the final e, which his father Jonathan Browne and grand- 
father Abraham Browne had carried. Abraham Browne had mar- 
ried Lydia , in England, and settled in Water town, Mass. ; and 

his son Jonathan married Mary Shattuck of that town. 

The old Brown estate, an original grant to the first Abraham, 
now reduced in size, is still owned by descendants of the name. 
The main body of the house wa3 built by Capt. Abraham Brown, 
but a part is still more ancient. It stands on the road from Water- 
town village to Waltham, a little to the east of the estate once 
owned by Gov. Gore, afterward by Theodore Lyman. 

The items given above may be recapitulated in the following ta- 
ble, giving the pedigree of Jonathan B. Bright, on both the father's 
and the mothers side. 

Henry Bright, Jr. = Anne Goldstone. Abraham Browne = Lydia . 

Nathaniel Bright = Mary Coolidge. Jonathan Browne — Mary Shattuck. 

Nathaniel Bright = Ann Bowman. Capt. Abraham Brown = Mary Hyde. 

Nathaniel Bright = Sybil Stone. Jonathan Brown — Elizabeth Simonds. 

John Bright; = Elizabeth Brown. Capt. Jonathan Brown = Esther Mason. 

Elizabeth Brown = John Bright. 

John Bright, the father of Jonathan Brown Bright, was a far- 
mer and a tanner. Only two of the descendants of Henry Bright, 
Jr., are known to have received a college education; Henry, Har- 
vard 1770, and Xachaniel Francis, Harvard 1866. But they have 
been and are, almost without exception, men of good sense, with a 
taste for reading, and of practical sound judgment. Mr. John 
Bri2.ht's large familv made industry an essential virtue among his 
children ; and his strictly religious character made him a strict disci- 
plinarian to enforce it. At the age of four Jonathan B. was sent 
to the district school ; and during the next ten years was taught to 
read, to write and to cypher, working at home during the long vaca- 
tions. At fourteen he was sent for one quarter to Westford Acade- 
my ; after which he took lessons for a short time of the Kev. Sam- 
uel Bipley, so long pastor of the first parish, Waltham ; but, having 
no desire for a collegiate education, he resumed labor on the farm 
and in the tan-yard. 

In 1816 he attended, one term only, Framingham Academy. 
The next year, having no more taste for tanning or farming than 
for study, he went, with an older brother, to New Orleans by sea, 
thence up the river to St. Louis, and became his brother's clerk in 
a store. Here he remained until of age, with the exception of one 
season in a branch store at Franklin, on the Missouri. As soon as 
he was of age he began a retail business for himself in St. Ste- 



1881.] Jonathan Brown Bright. 119 

phens, Alabama ; but the next year moved to Selma. During the fol- 
lowing year, 1823, of the seven men of northern birth in that town. 
four died of fever ; and the other three, including Mr. Bright, suffered 
severely with the same disease. This decided him to quit the South. 
In 1824, finding no vessel at Mobile for Boston, he went to Xew 
York and sought emplovment. Making an engagement with Black- 
stock, Merle & Co., cotton brokers, he paid first a brief visit, after 
seven years' absence, to his home ; then returning, spent twenty-five 
years in Xew York, first as clerk, afterwards as partner; the firm 
changing to Merle & Bright, and then to Merle, Bright & Co. 

In 1849 he returned to the homestead on Beaver Brook, then 
occupied by his maiden sister Mary ; with whom also an unmarried 
brother John resided. Mr. Bright built here a larger house a few 
feet east of the old one ; and he and his only child, with the brother 
and sister, constituted the family. Thirty-two years absence had 
not diminished his attachment to the old place and to the compan- 
ions of his childhood. Thev passed away before him, but the thirty 
years of quiet enjoyment which followed his retirement to the place 
of his birth, were made much happier by the prolongation of the 
sister's life nearly to the close of ins own. 

In 1827 Mr. Bright married Miss Mary Huguenin Garbrance ; 
but his happiness with her was interrupted by her earl} r death in 
1830. Her only child, a daughter, came with her father to Walt- 
ham in 1849, and in 1861 married her cousin William Ellery Bright. 
Thev with their three children still occupy the estate. 

The thirty years, from 1849 to 1879, in which Mr. Bright lived 
free from actiye business cares, were by no means years of idleness. 
With the exception of a journey in lo59 to Nassau, Havana, Xew 
Orleans and St. Louis ; and a snorter one in 18G0 to Buffalo and 
Quebec ; the occupation of all those years was found in his native 
town, doing private kindnesses and fostering public improvements. 
I remember that one of the earliest impressions I received of him 
was from the chairman of the board of assessors, who told me that 
he had just had a peculiar experience; Mr. Bright had come in, 
after the town had been assessed, and said, "You have not made 
my tax large enough ; add so many thousand dollars to my personal 
.property." It revealed the character of the man ; it was both his 
integrity and his public spirit that made him thus voluntarily assume 
a larger proportion of the public expenses. 

In 1856 he was put on a town committee to select ground for a 
new cemetery ; drew up the report which was accepted, and named 
all the avenues in the new grounds, Mt. Feake, after ancient "Walt- 
ham families ; a token of the strong interest which he then took in 
the matter of genealogy. 

He furnished a good deal of valuable local history and antiqua- 
rian lore to the Waltham Sentinel and the Waltham Free Press, 
during the years 1856-1863. He was an active promoter and lead- 



120 Jonathan Brown Bright. [April, 

er of the Union League of the town during the civil war ; and be- 
fore that in the organization of a Farmer's Club, which is still in 
active operation. But the wire-pulling necessary to success in car- 
rying on matters dependent on popular votes was so distasteful to a 
man of his pure, simple and manly integrity, that, after 1858, he 
resolutelv declined to serve on any committee in town affairs. 

In 1818, just before retiring from business in New York, Mr. 
Bright accidentally heard that Dr. Henry Bond, of Philadelphia, 
had a genealogv of the Bright family. Mr. Bright had a great in- 
terest in that matter, although up to that time he had had no leisure 
to examine it. He immediately wrote to Dr. Bond, and the corre- 
spondence was kept up until the latter gentleman's death. Dr. 
Bond proved to have descended, in one line, from Henry Bright, 
Jr., and was also remotely connected with Mr. J. B. Bright by 
the marriage of his grandfather to Mr. Blight's aunt. Dr. Bond 
visited Mr. Bright at Waltham and spent some weeks there, while 
both were much engaged in collecting genealogical material. Mr. 
Bright afterward employed Mr. II. G. Somerby to make researches 
in England: and in 1858 printed his valuable records of ' The 
Brights of Suffolk, Eng." 

Since that volume was printed Mr. Bright has collected material 
which would fill three more volumes of the same size, relating to 
the family on this side the Atlantic, and to other families of the 
same name.* 

The descendants of Henrv Bright, Jr., have been mostly farmers 
and mechanics, occasionally shopkeepers, none holding other than 
town or parish offices ; but none dishonoring the name. The num- 
ber bearing the name is small, not exceeding, to the year 1850, one 
hundred and fiftv ; but the descendants in the female line have been 
more numerous. 

By a will dated December 15, 1860, Mr. Bright bequeathed to 
Harvard College fiftv thousand dollars, the income of which should 
be equally divided between the purchase of books for the college 
library and the support of scholarships to which Brights, lineally 
and legitimately descended from Henry Bright, Jr., shall have pri- 
ority of claim. " I have selected Harvard College," he says, "the 
most ancient and venerated seat of learning in my native state, to 
be the custodian Oi ? this legacy, as an expression of my appreciation 
of its liberal yet conservative character : trusting that its govern- 
ment will always respect the sincere convictions of the recipients of 
the income thereof/' His daughter was made sole executrix, and 
by a codicil her husband was added as co-executor. They have paid 

* Mr. Bright was admitted a resident member of the New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Society, Dec. 11, 1850, and made himself a life member March 20, 1863. He interested 
himself much in the society, and was a frequent donor to its library. In 1870 he gave five 
hundred dollars to the Building Fund, for purchasing and fitting for the uses of the soci- 
ety the building which it now occupies. — Editok. 






1881.] Censures on Harvard College, 1672. 121 

over the full legacy a year in advance of the time allowed by law ; 

go that the college enters at once upon the enjoyment of the income. 

Mr. Briffht's phrase " liberal vet conservative character," which 

OX • 

he applies to the college, might well be employed in describing him- 
self. With an energy of character which in less than thirty years 
lifted him from the humblest commercial beginning to a competence 
that could afford such a legacy, he combined a genuine shrinking 
modesty which obscured his worth from careless eyes. His energy 
led him to join in aiding liberalizing movements ; his modesty held 
him in reserve and allowed his cool sound judgment to keep him in a 
more conservative position. His independence was maintained by this 
happy self-restraint, which would allow him to run into neither ex- 
treme of standing: by old errors nor of rushing into new ones. Earlv 
in life he adopted views of the christian religion in substantial agree- 
ment with those of Dr. Channing, and he never saw reason to modifv 

e- */ 

them in any essentia] degree. His warmest virtues were kept, as it 
were, cool and in the back ground by this wise and modest caution. 
He gave time, labor and money to many good causes, public and 
private ; and he gave with a kindly, cheerful spirit ; yet so unos- 
tentatiously and so wisely that men's attention was more taken up 
with the results of the action than with the action itself. In private, 
personal kindnesses he exercised a great delicacy ; so that, in some 
cases, the recipient of a needed help received regular periodical dona- 
tions of a fixed sum, and endeavored for some time in vain to know 
from whom, or through what channel, they came : in other cases the 
recipient thought of the gifts as tokens of friendship rather than as 
any pecuniary aid. 

On Sunday Ik rose from his chair to remove the blower from the 
grate, and from some unexplained cause fell, and fractured his right 
hip. The shock proved too great for his physical strength, and on 
Wednesday he passed quietly to his rest ; sustained in his last 
days, as during his whole life, by an unfaltering cheerful trust in the 
blessed promises of the Gospel. 



CENSURES OX HARVARD COLLEGE IN 1672. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE signers of the following document appear to be all residents 
of Roxbury. There is an uncertainty as to the hand writing. 
Possibly the document may have been drawn up elsewhere and copies 
sent to this and other towns in the colony, so that there may be 
others extant. The name erased at the top of the left-hand column 
is probably that of Thomas Weld, then an inhabitant of Roxbury ,. 
who was a son of the Rev. Thomas Weld. 
vol. xxxv. 11* 



122 Censures on Harvard College, 1672. [April, 

The humble Petition of some of the people that lyre under the Jurisdic- 
tion of the massachusets government, unto our honored Magistrats this 5 th 
day of march 1672 

Sheweth 

That Whareas it hath pleased our ever honored Magistrats to send 
their letters to the Churches,* to move us to a liberal contribution towards 
the Colledg. and in one of those leters declared that if any of the good 
people have any obiecsion you give us leave to propose it, and also are 
pleased to promise us, to adde your indeavor to remove the same. We take 
the boldnesse to propose an obiecsion not with any intent to shorten either 
our owne or others hands to so good and piu3 a work, as we trust we shaall 
make it appeare by our actions, but our only scope is. to indevor the remo- 
val of an evyl (as it appereth to us) in the educasion of youth at the Colledg. 
and that is, that they are brought up in such pride as doth no wayes become 
such as are brought up for the holy service of the lord, either in the Magis- 
tracy, or ministry especialy. and in perticular in their long haire, which last 
first tooke head, and broke out at the Colledg so far as we understand and 
remember, and now it is got into our pulpets, to the great greife and 
fleare of manv <iodlv hearts in the Country 

we find in the scriptures that the sons of the prophets, and such as were 
dedicated to god, were brought up in a way of mortification and humility. 
we beseech you to consider amos. 2. 11. 12. I raised up of your sons 
to be prophets, and of your young men to be Nazarites, is it not even 
thus o ye children of Israel saith the lord, but ye have given the nazarites 
wine to drink. Consider also pro. 10. ol the hoary head is a crowne of 
glory if it be found in the way of righteousuesse. and are those haires so 
found, that are defiled with this lust? we beseech you consider, whether all 
other lusts which have so incorigibly brake in upon our youth, have not 
first sprung from the incorrigablenesse of this lust, our humble request is 
that you would please to use all due indeavours to cure this evyl. and so 
we commend you to the lord and to the word of his grace and remaine 
your Ymble petecinors att the thron of grac to assest and in able you in all 
your Waighty consarns and remain your "Worships humble 

petitioners 

Thomas fibster: Giles paison 

Abraham Xeuell Seaner John Parpoint 

Isaac Neuell Samuell Rubles 



CO 



Jacob nuell Robbert Williams 

Robert Pepper Sam veil williams 

abraham how Edward Bridge 

Samuel mey edward paison 

John watson Ritchard goad 

Ralph hemenway John Eliot 

John Bowles 
Danil bruer : 
Samuell gary 
Robert Seauer 
John poley 
Edward morrisf 
[Endorsed] Mr. Eljots &c peticon abt. youth e . 

* Can any reader of the Register send ds a copy of this letter of the magistrates ?— Ed. 
f A facsimile of the^e autographs will be found on the opposite page. 



1381.] 



Facsimiles of Roxbury Signatures. 



123 







124 



Taxes under Andros. 



[April, 



TAXES UNDER GOV. AXDROS. 

[FROM THE JEFFRIES FAMILY PAPERS.] 

No. X. 

[Continued from page 37.] 

Assessments of Y e Estates of y e Tottne of Rochest 7 * in Y e Kings 

Province Sep 1 6 th 1687. 

Pole monev' 
s d 
Cornelius Hightman 
John Sweete 
Stephen Northtrop Junio r 
Stephen North trop Senio r 
William Knowles 
Danie [torn] 
John Callerrell 
John Brings Senio r 
Robert Hanah 
Eber Sherman 
Thomas Sowell 
Peleg Mumford 
John Kiimion 
Samuel Browne 
James Kinnion 
Henry North trop 
John Remington Junio r 
James Coggeshall 
Henry Tebbits Senio r 
John North 
Joseph Reuolds 
Bryar Browne 
Ephraim Bull 
Rouse Helme 
Thomas Mumford 
Ben: Morey 
Thomas Chace 
Joseph North trop 
Thomas Hanens 
Arthur Ale worth 
Robert II. (torn) d 
Joh (torn) 
Edw (torn) Austin 
Samuel Hopkins 
John Cole Junio* 
Thomas Brookes 
Aaron Ickewayes 
Henry Knowles 
Henry Bull 

* Kingston, R. I. See Notes and Queries in this number. 



-I 

6 


6 1 

U 2 

5 


4 


6 


4 


i 

2 


4 


Hi 


— 


n 


2 

4 


71 

' 2 

8 


10 


1 


o 
O 





1 


2 


■"> 


1 


t 


11 





H| 


3 


5 


— 


5 


6 


6J 


5 


4 


7 


4 


2 

4 


10 


9 


101 


4 


7 


8 


11 


6 


H| 


2 


2 


1 


— 


2 


nj 


9 


n 


2 
10 


7 


1 
1 
1 


6| 
6J 
10 


4 


8J 
5 


1 


9 


2 


5 


5 , 


a 



1881.] 



Taxes under Andros. 



125 



Majo r Rich d Smith 
John Andrew 
William Palmer 
Samuel Tift 
Zerubabell AVestcoate 
Henry Gardiner 
Daniel Downeing 
Benonia Gardiner 
Joseph Case 
Enoch Place Junio r 
John Snook 
Job Jennings 
Geo: Gardiner 
Nicholas Gardiner 
Petter Welles 
"John Sheldon 
Moses Barber 
John Watson 
Job:. Eldred 
Enoch Place Senio r 
Robert Spink Senio 1 
Theoph Weale 
■Thomas Ayres 
George AYhightemaa 
Thomas Eldred 
Joseph Deliver 
John Gard 
W m Bently 
Widow Phenix 
W m Tanner 
Francis West Senio r 
Jacob Finder <* 
Ben Sweete 
James Greene 
Jeremiah Browne 
James Renolds Junior 
Ben Congdon 
Cap 1 Fomes 
Lef 1 . Cpdick 
M r Brinley 
Edward Greene 
Alex: Tenant 
Jeff: Champlin 
John Cole Senio 1 
Samuel Albrow 
Samuel Eldred Junio r 
W m Gardiner 
Samuel Vernon 
James Renolds Senio r 
Francis Renolds 
Daniel Eldred 



Polo money 


L 


s 


d 


s d 








1: 


, 


1 


19 


10 


1: 


. . 


— 


3 


8 


1: 






— 


8 


1: 






8 


41 


1: 


._ 


i 


1 


10 


1: 




., 


9 


9 


1: 


„ , . 


_«_. 


1 


11 


1: 




— — 


4 


H 


1: 


J, ■ 


— 


7 


6 


1: 


_ 


. 


2 


1 


1: 


- 


. 


8 


10J 


1: 




— 


3 


'4 


1: 


■ 


— 


4 


H 


1: 


m .unTt 


— 


14 


O 


1: 


t 


— 


3 


3 


1: 


L 


_— 


6 


— 


1: 







i 


1 


1: 


„, , , 


— 


7 


8J 


1: 




— 


2 


H 


1: 


, 


— 


9 


4 


1: 




_ 


9 


2 


1: 


_. 


— 


2 


11 


1: 




. — 


1 


7 


1: 


■ 


___ 


10 


— 


1: 


| 


_~— 


9 


1 


1: 


■ 1 


— 


4 


3i 


1 


_ 


. . 


— 


9 


1 


* nMM 




3 


6i 


_ 


_ 


2 


\ 


1: — 




— 


H 


1 


• | 


. 


2 


1 


1 


* ., 


— 


1 


9 


1 


* ■" " *■• 


. 


— 


9 


1 


* j, 


. 


3 


3 


1 


• , 


i i 


1 


2 


1 


* ■ ■ ■ - 


. 


1 


7 


1 


* .. 


— 


2 


J 


1 


" ■ 


— 


17 


8 


1 


* i i 




G 


9 


1 


• — 


. 


16 


8 


1 


* — — 


— 


2 


10 


1 


* j — 


— • 


2 


— 


1 


• __ 


— 


13 


10 


1 


• ■ i 


1 


10 


9 


1 


• „ 


— 


8 


n 


1 


* - 


— 


3 


h 


1 




— 


8 


ii 


1 




_— 


1 


— 


1 




— 


G 


5 * 


] 




- — 


1 


5 


] 


L: — 




1 


8 



126 



Samuel Eldred SemV 
Joseph Bray man 
George II an ens 
Daniel Mackeney 
Alexand 1 " King 
James Ray 1 
Samuel Wilson 
John Carr 
James Hi^hams 
Nicholas Utter 
John Fomes Junio r 
Israel Newton 
Thomas Weathers 
Samuel Sheperd 
Jeremiah Fomes 
Samuel Fomes 
Hemy Tybitts Junio r 
Francis Battes 
Daniel Whightman 
Jeremiah Wilky 
Robert Spink Junio r 
Shebna Spink 
John Spink 
John Brigs Junio 1 
James Brigs 
"William Cole 
Joseph Place 
Samuel Sweete 
James Sweete Junio 1 
John Nickols 
HeDry Hill 
Thomas Marshall 
Ezekiell Bull 
Jeremiah Austin 
Stephen Hazard 
Ben Gardiner 
Archibauld Morris 
Francis West Junio T 
Rich d West 
John Gard Junio 1 
Sh (torn) Wilk (torn) 

!torn) 
torn) 
Hen: Sweet (torn) 
Elisha Mich (torn) 
Francis Cole (torn) 
"William Shr (torn) 
John Wilson 



Taxes under Andros, 



Pole money 
s d 



[April. 

d 



3 

4 
1 
6 

1 

5 



8 

rj 
O 

5 

10 

5 

8 
4 
8 

91 





L s d 










£ 


24 


10 


H 


Pole Money 


£ 11.8.4 


11 


08 


4 






35 


18 


10} 



1881.] Declaration in behalf of John Chipman. 127 

(Signed) 

the mark of Com r 

Errors Excepted p JefFry I Chainpling 

Jo (torn) Cole James I Renolds the S8 mark of 

Enoch Plas the mark of Samuel Albrow 

William Gardiner Daniel Vernon, 

Selectmen. 

(Endorsed) 
John Brigs ) The within Rate being perused 

John Eldridg >■ Constables Corrected & perfected by us Comissi r 

John Watson ) ffor the sundry towns in y c County. 

John Rodman 
(Signed) Edward Smith 

Peleg Tripp 
James Greene 
Ebenezer Slocum 
John Heath 

sifrn mark 
Jefery I Champlin 
Nathaniel Niles. 



DECLARATION IN BEHALF OF JOHN CHIPMAN* 

A BRIEF Declaration with humble Request (to whom These Presents 
Shall Come) for further Inquiry & Advice in y e behalf of John Chip- 
man, now of Barnstable in the Goverment of New Plimouth in New 
England In America beino y e only Son & Heir of M r Thomas Chipman 
Late Deceased at Brinspittlle about five miles from Dorchester in Dor- 
setshire in England concerning [some Certain]! Tenement or Tene- 
ments with a Mill & other Edifice thereunto belon^in^ Lying; & being in 
Wlntechurch of Marshwood vale near Burfortt Alias Breadport in Dor- 
setshire afores' 1 hertofore worth 40 or 50 Pounds p' Annum which were 
y e Lands of y e s d Thomas Chipman being Entailed to him & his Heirs for 
Ever but hath for Sundry years [been] Detained from y e s d John Chipman 
the right & only Proper Heir Thereunto, By reason of Some kinde of Sale 
made of Inconsiderable value by the s d Thomas (In the time of his Single 
Estate not then minding marriage) unto his kinsman M r Christopher Derbe 
Living Sometime in Sturtle near Burfort afors d heing as the said John hath 
been Informed but for 40 u And to be maintained Like a man with Diet 
Apparel &c by the s d Christopher as Long as the s d Thomas Should Live 
whereat y e Lawyer w c made the Evidences being troubled at his Weakness 
in taking Such An Inconsiderable Price tendered him to Lend him money 

* This document was printed in the Register for Januarv, 18>0 (iv. 23-4), from a copy 
made by the Rev. Richard Manning Chipman, A.M., now"- of Hyde Park, Mass. Some 
notes upon it by him appear in the number for October, 1850 (iv. 251-2). As Mr. Chipman 
did not have an opportunity to correct the proof, some important typographical errors are 
found in the document there printed. We have borrowed from the owner, William Churchill 
Chipman, Esq., of Sandwich, Mass., through the intervention of C. C. V. Waterman, Esq., 
of that town, the document copied by Mr.' Chipman, doubtless a contemporary transcript 
of one sent to England, and it has been copied for us by D. P. Corev, Esq., ~ol~ Maiden, 
Mass., who has been assisted in reading the proof by William 13. Trask, Esq., of this city. 
The document is not in the handwriting of John Chipman himself. 

:• In the original the words above quoted in brackets are in the left hand margin. 

X Breadport stricken out. 



128 Declaration in behalf of John Chipman. [April, 

or to give to him y e s d Thomas Seven hundred Pounds for y e s d Lands But 
yet the matter Issuing as Afors d The Vote of the Country who had know- 
ledge of it was that the s d Thomas had much wrong in it Especially After 
it pleased God to Change his Condition, and to give him Children, being 
turned off by the s d Christopher only with a poor Cottage and Garden Spott 
instead of his fors d Maintenance to the great wrong of his Children Espe- 
ciallv of his Son John Afors to whom v e s Lauds by right of Entailment 
did belong Insomuch that m r William Derbe who had the s d Lands in his 
Possession then from his father Christopher Derbe told the s John but if 
y e s d Lands prospered with him that he would then Consider the s d John to 
do for him in way of recompence for the same when he should be of Capa- 
city in years to make use thereof The s d John further Declareth that one 
m r Derbe A Lawyer of Dorchester (he Supposes y e father of that m r Der- 
be now Living In Dorchester) being a friend to the mother of the s d John; 
Told her being Acquaind with y e Business and sorry for the Injury to her 
Heir, that if it pleased God he Liv'd to be of Age he would himself upon 
his own Charge make A Trval for the recovery of it and in Case he recov- 
erd it Shee Should give him 10 11 Else he would have nothing for his trou- 
ble and Charge. Furthermore John Derbe Late Deceased of Yarmouth 
in New Plimouth Goverment Afors d hath Acknowledged here to the s d 
John Chipman that his father Christopher had done him much wrong in the 
fors d Lands but y e s d John Chipman being but in a poor and mean outward 
Condition hath hitherto been Afraid to Stir in it as thinking he should 
never get it from v e rich and mighty but being now Stirred up by Some 
friends as Judging it his Duty to make more Effectual Inquiry after it for 
his own Comfort his wife and Children which God hath pleased to bestow 
on him if any thing may be done therin, & in what way it mav be attained 
whether without his Coming Over which is mostlv Desired if it mav bee. 
Because of Exposing his wife &. Children to Some Straits in his Absence from 
them, he hath Therfore Desired these as afors d Desiring also Some Searh may 
be made for further Li^ht in y e Case into the Records the Conveyance of the 
Said Lands being made as he Judgeth about Threescore years Since as Also 
that Enquiry be made of his Sisters which he Supposeth lived about 
those parts & of whom Else it may be thought meet, and Advice Sent over 
as Afors d , not Else at present But hoping that there be Some Left vet in 
England alike Spirited with him in 29 Job whom the Ear that heareth of 
may bless God for Delivering y e poor that Crieth and him that* hath no 
helper Being Eyes to the blind feet to the Lame A father to the Poor 
Searching out y e Cause which he knoweth not, &c. 

i John Chipman Desires his Love be 
Barnstable as Afores d this 8 th of presented to his Sisters Banner and 
Feb. (51) ! Tamson and to hear particulary 

he Desires also Enquiry be made from them if Living and doth fur- 
of his Sisters what those parchment ther request that Enquiry be made 
writeings Concerned in the Custody of m r Oliver Lawrence of Arpittle 
of his mother when he was there. who was an Intimate friend of his 

j fathers. 

[On the left hand margin is written as follows, viz.] The s d John Chip- 
man Supposeth his Age to be About thirty seven years: it being next may 
Twenty & one year since he Come out of England. 

[Endorsed in the same hand writing] — A Brieff Declaration In Behalf of 

Jn° Chipman of Barnstable. 

* and him thai stricken out. 



1881.] President Wilder'* Address. 129 



ADDRESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 

Society, January 5, 1SS1. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Eighteen hundred and eighty is gone ! Time with unerring 
finder lias engraved on the cvcle of afres another year. Bat, thanks 
to Him with whom time has no becrinnino; nor end, we still live to 
prosecute the noble work in which we are eno;ao;ed. Thanks also to 
you, my fellow associates, for placing me again at the head of our 
Institution, and for your courtesy, counsel and co-operation, without 
which all my labors would have been in vain. 

The past year, if we except the usual turmoil in the East and the 
disquietude and distress in Ireland, lias been remarkable for the 
peace and prosperity of the world. No great wars have drenched 
the earth with blood, and no great revolutions have shaken the 
thrones of monarchies. In our own land, the year has been the most 
memorable one in its history, for rapid advancement and general 
prosperity, placing it only third on the roll of commercial nations of 
the globe ; and the peaceful election of another President of the 
United States has been everywhere recognized as the precursor of 
still greater growth, wealth and power. 

Most heartily do I rejoice to meet again so many old friends with 
whom I have stood shoulder to shoulder for a lone course of years 
in social intercourse and in efforts for the advancement of our 
Society, whose voices are always heard with pleasure, and whose 
presence always adds dignity and encouragement to our work. 

Many who were with us a year ago have passed the bridge of 
life, and wait for us on the other shore. While we mourn their loss, 
and may find consolation in those promises which are everlasting and 
imperishable, we should remember that our lives are transitory and 
short. All are subject to the Almighty behest that declares tf dust 
thou art and unto dust shalt thou return," — we soon pass away like 
ripples on the surface of the water, or a shadow passing over the 
plain. Man rises as the flower in spring time, blooming with bright 
anticipations of ripening years — revelling in the summer-tide of 
favor and honor, when suddenlv there comes "a frost, a killing 
frost," and he withers and sinks like the faded leaf to mother earth. 

During the past year, as will be seen by the Historiographer's re- 
port, forty-four members of the Society have died. Of most of 
them appropriate notice has been taken in the record of our pro- 
ceedings. This is a larger number than in any other year since the 
formation of our Society. Their average age is over seventy-one 
years, being about the same as for the last five years. 
vol. xxxv. 12 



130 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

Among them I may mention : 

Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thacher, of the United States Navy, 
"in peace a high-toned, loyal and virtuous citizen; in war, a bold 
seaman, a brave and gallant officer, and a fearless defender of his 
country's flag — honored in the service to whose highest rank he had 
so worthily risen." Of his donation to our Society — in whose 
prosperity he always manifested the highest concern — of the invalua- 
ble letters and documents of his grandfather, Gen. Henrv Knox, a 
patriot general of our revolutionary army, I have spoken on an- 
other occasion. Their importance and value will be more fully 
treated of in the report of the Rev. Mr, Slafter, chairman of the 
committee for arranging: and binding them, which will be submitted 
at this meeting. 

Joel Munsell, Esq., of Albany, manifested in many ways a deep 
interest in this Society. For three years he was the publisher of 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, and for more 
than twenty years was a frequent donor to our library. He performed 
noble service by the publication of his numerous works, which are 
of constantly increasing value to historical students. 

The Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., honored and respected for his 
long public service, having held the office of United States Senator 
six years, and United States District Judge for twenty-five years — 
a gentleman universally respected for his genial disposition, integrity 
of character and judical decisions. He was one of the oldest 
members of our Societv. 

The Hon. Richard Frothingharn, LL.D., heldahio-h rank among 
American historical writers. His "Historv of the Sie^e of Boston," 
"History of Charlestown," "Life of Gen. Joseph Warren," "Rise of 
the Republic," and other works, are models of conscientious research 
and critical acumen. His memory will be held in grateful recollection 
to the latest day of our republic. 

The Rev. Edwin Hubbell Chapin, D.D., "one of the most power- 
ful and effective pulpit orators in America," during a long and use- 
ful life has been a public speaker before numerous literary associa- 
tions, and has exercised a great influence in promoting the cause of 
temperance and other movements of moral reform. He is the 
author of many religious and other works extensively circulated both 
at home and abroad, which have placed him in the front rank of 
public men. 

The Rev. Silas Ketchum, whose New Hampshire Biographical 
Dictionary, on which he was engaged for many years, has been un- 
fortunately left unfinished, was a writer of much talent, and of in- 
defatigable perseverance in collecting historical and biographical facts. 
His manuscripts relating to New Hampshire biography, consisting 
of about one thousand articles ready for the press, with materials for 
two thousand more, were bequeathed by him to this Society. We 
ehall endeavor to have this work completed according to his plan, 
and published. 



1881.] President Wilder } s Address. 131 

Simeon Pratt Adams, Esq., a sterling and upright citizen, was a 
frequent visitor to the library, and often attended the meetings of the 
Society, in whose doings he was much interested. He was a life- 
long collector of antiquarian matters, and his collection of books, 
pamphlets, newspapers and documents illustrating New England local 
history, he bequeathed, with a legacy in money, to this Society. 

Colonel Leonard Thompson, of TToburn, the oldest member of 
our Society, died on the street, Dec. 28, 1880, a^red 92 years. 
Of himself he states : "I was placed on the board of selectmen, 
assessors and overseers of the poor for several years, and had even 
a seat in the State Legislature. I have held office under the au- 
thority of our Commonwealth and also the United States, and have 
been commissioned by Governors Strong and Brooks as a captain, 
major and lieutenant-colonel in the Massachusetts militia." He also 
served the people of his town in many other important trusts. 

Among' those who were with us at our last Annual Meetinir, were 
the Rev. Samuel Cutler, the Historiographer of this Society, and the 
Rev. George Punchard. Mr. Cutler was Historiographer for five 
and a half years, and discharged the duties of his office with ability 
and great fidelity. He was an active co-worker, deeply interested in 
the progress of our work. He took a lively interest in all benevolent 
efforts, especially in the Christian faith, of which for thirty years he 
was a faithful minister, a conscientious laborer, a wise counsellor and 
true friend, whose abiding faith in the iovs of a better world ^ave a 
charm and beauty to his life. When I saw him last, he crave me 
this parting benediction, — "If we meet not again in this world, I hope 
we shall walk the streets of the New Jerusalem together in the world 
above." 

The Rev. Mr. Punchard was truly a christian man, in whose char- 
acter were combined cheerfulness, sympathy and love. He was active 
in all the benevolent objects of the age — in the pulpit, the school, 
and the editorial chair. The later years of his life were devoted to 
visiting the suffering and sick, and <roin2: about doin^r 20od. Although 
suffering from severe trials himself, he was alwavs cheerful and pa- 
tient, never for a moment wavering in his trust in God and a glorious 
immortality beyond the grave. He was a man of literary taste and 
extensive reading, and was connected with the Boston Traveller for 
many years. His writings were marked with great simplicity and 
force of diction. He was especially attached to the pure Saxon, 
remarking to me once, after the delivery of an address, "Never, my 
friend, use Latin while vou can speak vour mother tongue." 

ide by side these gentlemen sat on our last anniversary, promot- 
ing by their presence and words the objects of our Society, and we 
fondly hope they are now uniting their voices in the melodious songs 
of the blest. By their gentle deportment, christian character, sym- 
pathy, and earnest prayers for the welfare of their fellow men, they 
won the affections of ali who knew them, and we cherish the fond 



134 President Wader's Address, [April, 

fully am I impressed with the importance of our work, and of its 
benign influences on the welfare of mankind, that, if I had the 
means, after providing for an extensive line of kith and kin, I would 
place in our treasury one hundred thousand dollars for the successful 
prosecution of our work, when I shall have ceased from labor in its 
behalf. 

In my address to the Society last year, I spoke of the importance 
of enlarged accommodations for our library. Every returning an- 
niversary renders our want in this direction still more pressing. 
Since our last meeting we have purchased two stables in the rear of 
the Society's House. The laud on which those two structures stand, 
together with an unoccupied piece which already belonged to the 
Society, will enable us to enlarge our building to about twice its 
present capacity. The experience of the past teaches us that this 
enlargement should be made at once. The interest in family and 
local history, which we have done so much ourselves to create, was 
never increasing more rapidly than at the present moment. Inves- 
tigators crowd to our library as the source of a large part of the 
material which they wish to incorporate into their works. I regret 
to say that while our doors are open, and in the interest of history 
we extend to them a cordial welcome, we have not really the room 
to give them suitable and convenient accommodations. Having 
undertaken by the establishment of this Society thirty-five years 
ago to stimulate studies in these departments, we must not in its 
present stage put any hindrance in the way, or, in other "words, fail 
to offer the most ample facilities for their successful prosecution. 
The space for the proper arrangement and display of our books and 
pamphlets is too narrow and contracted. In some departments 
the room is at present sufficient, and will be for some time to come, 
but in others, and in the most important ones, it is wholly inadequate, 
the volumes are crowded together in double or triple rows, render- 
ing it difficult to withdraw them from their hiding places, as well as 
perilous to the security of their bindings. For our pamphlets we 
need twice the room they now occupy. Our collection in this de- 
partment is exceedingly valuable, indispensable for the study of local 
and family history ; and we are gradually, as rapidly as a prudent 
expenditure of our means will warrant, rendering them accessible 
for use. But they require ample space, that any one of them may 
be readily found, and withdrawn for examination without the disar- 
rangement and confusion of the rest. 

We need likewise another fire-proofroom, as large, if not larger 
than the one which we happily now possess. All manuscripts and 
books that cannot be duplicated belong in this room. This material 
is accumulating every day. It is the class of historical literature 
which a great Society which is really alive, and means to be useful 
to the public, must largely possess. All writers of history expect 
t*> find this material in the archives of such societies. So many 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 135 

manuscripts and rare books have been destroyed by fire, that all 
associations entrusted with them are morally bound to provide the 
means of protecting them against the ravages of this destructive 
element. 

I am sure, gentlemen of the Society, that you will all agree with 
me as to the importance, I may say necessitv, of this enlargement of 
our building, after hearing the reasons which I have thus briefly 
recited. 

To accomplish it will require the gift to the Society of a large 
sum of money, either by some member, or members of our associa- 
tion, or by some other person, who appreciates the vast work which 
we are doinsr for our family and local history. 

And now, gentlemen, as prosperity reigns throughout our land, I 
commend to your attention this opportunity of associating your names 
with a beneficent and noble work, and at the same time of conferring 
a lasting benefit upon the children by furnishing them with the means 
of a more ample knowledge of the Fathers of New England. 

The year that has just closed has been remarkable for the number 
of centenary celebrations which have taken place in New England. 
We rejoice in these observances, tending as they do to preserve and 
hand down to future generations those examples and principles to 
which we are indebted, and which must ever control the progress of 
civilization and the happiness of the human race. These celebrations 
create a lively interest in the present generation to learn all we can 
of the manners, customs and characters of our ancestors. We look 
with loving eyes on those features which speak from the marble, and 
linger with pleasure before the portraits of those left on the canvas, 
who have made us and our nation what we are. 

As the representative of our Society, I have attended during the 
year the following public celebrations : 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Boston. 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Dorchester. 

The 250th Anniversary of the formation of the First Church in 
Boston. 

The observance of the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of our 
State Government at the Council Chamber. 

The 50th Anniversary of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences. 

The General Session of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. 

These celebrations have developed the history of the rise and 
progress of various institutions, the objects for which they were 
formed, and the events which they commemorate — connecting as 
they do the civilization and enterprise of oklen with the present time. 
Among these are specially to be remembered the 250th anniversaries 
of the settlement of Boston, and Dorchester now within her domain, 



136 President Wilder 's Address. [April, 

an event which marks a period that will ever be memorable in the 
history of our country. This fifth jubilee which commemorates the 
settlement of our Puritan Fathers in this citv, will constitute in 
American history another golden page, to perpetuate the influence 
of the past. Much as we revere and honor the landing of our 
Pilgrim Fathers at Plymouth, we regard the crossing of Charles 
River by the Puritans in 1630 as one of the most memorable events 
in the history of New England, which in connection with the Pil- 
grims' exa'mples, principles and institutions, will confer benefactions 
on the world, as long as gratitude has a place in the heart of man. 

When we look back on what Boston was when purchased of the 
Rev. William Blaxton for thirty pounds, "King's money," and 
compare it with her present exalted position, we are astonished at 
her progress and prosperity. When we reflect on little Boston, 
which history informs us was ' ( too small to contain many people — a 
little peninsula, boggy, stony, and sapped by the sea," whose neck 
was bathed in summer by the waves of the ocean, whose harbor in 
winter was encased in ice, and whose shores were enrobed in snow 
— when we compare the Boston of that day, with her at this time, 
with her more than three hundred and fifty thousand souls, her free 
schools and seminaries of learning, her numerous churches, her 
libraries of half a million of volumes, her almost numberless associa- 
tions for charitable and beneficent purposes, her rapidly augmenting 
commercial, manufacturing and financial enterprises, we involuntarily 
exclaim, "The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are 
glad." 

Boston has played a memorable part in the history of American 
prcgress. Here commenced the opposition to the Stamp Act, which 
made of her harbor a "great tea pot," the flavor of which has impreg- 
nated the waters of the globe. Here, on her borders, commenced the 
war which ended in American independence, and under her shadow 
was established the first free public school of which we have any ac- 
count in the world. Well does an English writer remark, "Boston 
has played a great part in the historical drama of the world, and her 
eons are the best of a notable breed." Boston has had to wait her 
time for large commercial enterprises, but a glorious era is dawning 
upon her. Already she has stretched her arms to the great lakes, the 
fertile valleys of the west, clasped the continent with her iron rails, 
laid her hands on Puget Sound, and ere long will have connections 
with the rich lands of the great North West and South West, whose 
products are to find a great entrepot in our city — where there has 
been on the rails at the same time fourteen hundred cars waiting to 
deliver their freight on shipboard, and from whose wharves there 
have departed in a single week twenty steamships, and during the 
past year four hundred and forty, laden with the products of our 
land. Boston may not exercise the same controlling influence that 
she did a hundred years ago, but she has a great past, and the world 



1881.] President Wilder' s Address. 137 

is enjoying fruits which are the direct outgrowths of the principles of 
the fathers, the labors of her sons, the blessings of her institutions, 
and the culture and refinement of her society. But whatever rank 
may be assigned her on the roll of cities, the light of her example 
can never be extinguished. Her historv and fame will be cheiished 
and revered while the name of Franklin the father of American 
Science, Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of American 
Independence, and Warren the great martyr on Bunker Hill, shall 
have a page in the annals of time. 

The interest now manifested in geographical and archaeological re- 
searches is worthy of special notice and commendation. Wonderful 
indeed have been the results obtained by the enterprise of our 
geographical societies, the explorations and surveys of national gov- 
ernments, and the untiring enterprise of archaeologists, both in our 
own and foreign lands. It is, I think, only about sixty years since 
the first geographical society in the world was established. Now 
f here are more than fifty such associations actively engaged in their 
appropriate work, which are constantly bringing to light territories and 
resources in the hitherto unknown parts of the globe. One of the 
most important of these is the American Geographical Society, of 
which Chief Justice Daly is president. To the efforts of these so- 
cieties and the patronage of governments, we are largely indebted 
for the extensive explorations in Asia Minor, Japan, China ; South, 
Central, and North America and the Arctic Shores. In regard to 
the latter, we understand that Prof. Nordenskjold believes that voy- 
ages from the Atlantic to the Pacific, around the North coast of Asia, 
may be regularly made by suitable steamers at the proper season of 
the year. 

The geological and geographical surveys in our vast western ter- 
ritories, from New Mexico to our northern Alaska, and the great 
territory lying west and north-west of the great lakes — which our 
associate, Mr. Charles C. Coffin, has graphically described as suffi- 
cient for eleven states as large as Ohio, and ultimately to be joined 
to our own territory — are constantly opening up to us more and 
more of the immense acreage and fertility of our soil. It is within 
the present century that Lewis and Clarke ascended the Missouri to 
its source, reached the Pacific, and returned through the Yellow 
Stone, now opening up to us by the Northern Pacific Railroad, 
giving the world a knowledge of the surpassing richness and resources 
of these regions. 

The Reports of Hayden, Powell and others, in regard to our 
western and south-western territories, continue to afford most 
important information, and are regarded a3 among the most valuable 
outlays of our government. From the researches in South and 
Central America by Drs. Fahn and Le Plongeon, whom we hope 
to see here in the spring, we learn that our western world, although 
last discovered, was probably the home of a very early civiliza- 



138 President Wilder's Address, [April, 

tion. Says Dr. Fahn, "The result of my observations is, that 
America is the Old World, from whence emigrated the human 
family, and that Europe, Asia and Africa are the New World." 
"The languages spoken by the Indians of Peru and Bolivia, exhibit 
astounding affinities with the Arabic, and the roots of the early 
Aryan tongue are found in the purest condition in the languages 
of these Indians." We need more information in regard to the 
origin and relation of the native races, which is so essential to the 
study of the aboriginal life of America, and although we may never 
ascertain the antiquity or locality of the progenitors of the race, yet 
the investigations of archaeologists and historians are constantly 
bringing to light discoveries which give evidence relating to an age 
far anterior to what we had supposed, and will, ere long, we hope, 
settle the question which of the continents, the Eastern or Western, 
is entitled to seniority as the residence of mankind. 

Large portions of the globe also remain to be discovered, where 
the light of civilization, the commerce of nations, and the refine- 
ments of social life are yet to be established, and where we con- 
fidently believe the English tongue will yet be spoken. The late 
explorations by Stanley, Pinto, and other travellers in Africa, con- 
stitute some of the most remarkable and valuable contributions to 
modern history, and make known a country with nearly two hundred 
millions of souls, one seventh part of the population of the globe, 
some of whose immense rivers will vet be navigated under the 
influence of trade and the industries of modern times. 

In these enterprises, we are glad to learn that Boston is not be- 
hind the age, and that the Archaeological Institute of America, 
whose home is here, and to \v r hich we extend a most hearty welcome 
— an institution which has now an able student in Colorado and 
New Mexico, engaged in the study of the ruins of the ancient Indian 
Pueblos, and of the life and customs of the existing Pueblo Indians 
— is about to send out a commission under the direction of Prof. 
Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard University, to the ancient city of 
Assos, which the Apostle Paul once visited, the site of which is on 
the eastern shore of the Greek Archipelago, about thirty miles south 
of the site of ancient Troy where Dr. Schleiman has been excavating, 
and who, we understand, is now pursuing similar work near Thebes. 
Nor would we omit to mention the excavations and discoveries at 
Athens and Olympia, in Greece, just now being made known to the 
public, by Professor Thomas Davidson, of Boston. 

Truly, the world moves ! The earth revolves ! The sun pours 
his revivifying rays into the bosom of mother earth, and nature, 
daughter of the skies, comes forth to supply the wants of man. 
Science with her piercing eye penetrates her very depths, and brings 
forth treasures which have laid hidden from the foundation of the 
world. Civilization waves her banner, ever beckoning us on to 
higher and higher attainments, and history records with diamond 



1881.] President Wilder 's Address. 139 

pen the progress of the age, for the benefit of those who are to 
follow us. 

I hail with gratitude and pleasure the increased interest so generally 
manifested in family history and Genealogical researches, for which 
our Society is so justly celebrated, and in which from its earliest in- 
ception it has been zealously ensealed. Many of us can remember 
the time when very little attention was given to the subject, by 
societies or individuals. Within the period in which I have had the 
honor to occupy this chair, there was but little interest, compara- 
tively, in the study of family or town history. Now the whole of 
New England is wide awake to its importance, and our libraries are 
constantly thronged for books and information on these subjects. 
It has become a common study, and our archives are richly stored 
with books which are daily consulted for information. The 
great deficiency of family histories was, until within a few years, a 
source of deep regret. To supply this want was the object and 
purpose of the founders of our Society, and upon it the Society has 
bestowed special and persistent labor. Our department.of genealogy 
and family history, I am happy to repeat, has become a great de- 
pository and contains a vast amount of valuable information. 

The inquiry is sometimes made, of what use are all these 
researches into the history of our families ? To this we reply, 
that the historv and even the rrenealogrv of families seems by the 
Bible to have been of Divine origin, the records of which have been 
deemed so important as to have been inscribed on its pages, in the 
lines of ancestry and descent from Adam down to the christian era, 
thus to be carefully preserved, to show us that the great and good 
of the world come not by chance, hut are the results of good fathers, 
good mothers and good examples. Some men boast of* being self 
made; but, trace back their origin, and it will generally be found 
that what they possess of excellence came down from the inheritance 
of good blood and good principles. Not to know from whence we 
came, not to care any thing about our ancestors, is to detract from the 
honor and gratitude due them, to suppress from posterity and to blot 
from human record the elements which have made us what we are. 

Strange, indeed, it is, that so little attention had been given to 
this subject in former years. Says the late Rev. Mr. Ketchum, 
tf It is a fact that manv men of average intelligence do not know the 
names of their own grandfathers ; and all the knowledge they posses3 
about their ancestry is the common tradition that they descended 
from one of three brothers who came over from the old country, 
and that it is said there are larsre estates which have been for a lon£ 
time waiting to be claimed by those of their name." If it is con- 
eidered a matter of importance to trace the genealogy of our cattle in 
the Herd Book, of the horse back to Godolphin Arabian, or a strain 
of the camel back to an ancestry of one or two hundred years, how 
much more noble and important to trace the blood of man, made but 
f a little lower than the angels," and lord of this lower world ! 



140 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

Resuming the subject of history to which I called your attention 
last year, I beg again to impress on you its importance and influence, 
for I know of no theme which is more appropriate or worthy of your 
consideration. The history of mankind, either as individuals, 
communities or nations, is like an electric current coursing through 
the past, present and future time, connecting and vitalizing by 
its moral force the human race, like the providence of God, 
carrying out His beneficent plans for the elevation and sal- 
vation of the world. This influence moulds the character of 
mankind, transmits from generation to generation examples worthy 
of imitation, presents virtue in her most enchanting form, vice in 
its detested garb, and inscribes on monuments of fame names and 
deeds which will live in grateful remembrance lone: after the moun- 
tains from which the shafts were hewn shall have melted away. 
The achievements of men and nations are like mirrors reflecting the 
principles and precepts of the great and good, stimulating us to 
imitate their examples, filling the hearts of millions with high and 
holy aspirations, and speaking to us from the printed page, the 
marble and the canvas, proclaiming as with clarion voice, 'This is 
the way, walk ye therein." Thus the good influences permeate 
the minds of men for all time, ever acquiring concentrating 
power, striking their roots deeper and deeper into the heart of 
communities, making men more useful citizens, inspiring them with 
the love of libertv, country and God. The record of our struggles 
for independence and for the preservation of our union will yet 
cause monuments to rise in the South as well as in the North to 
commemorate the blessings of freedom, union and equality. His- 
tory links together in one great circle the nations of the world, 
gathers up. preserves and perpetuates the record of human life. 
13y it the discoveries in art, science and civilization are made the 
ministers of untold blessings to the world, and harbingers of still 
greater glories to come. 

We cannot move a step forward without consulting the records 
of the past. Blot these out and we have no lessons for our guid- 
ance ; strike these records out of existence, and our boasted civiliza- 
tion would wither like the leaves of the forest, and be swept by the 
wintry blast of desolation from the face of the earth. History 
is to direct and govern all future generations in the march of im- 
provement, to teach them how to control the forces of nature, to culti- 
vate and adorn the earth, unlock the doors of nature's secret labora- 
tories, and bring forth the treasures of air, earth and water that are in 
waiting for the use of man. History enlarges the scope of human 
thought, and prepares us for the greater blessings which are in store for 
mankind. Onward ! is the word, and we must obey it. Christian 
civilization spreads out her arms and gathers up for use all that may 
tend to the happiness of our race ; and history promulgates to the 
ends of the earth the power to make men great, and nations pros- 
perous and strong. 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 141 

How important, then, that we should have a knowledge of history ! 
President Chadbourne, our associate member, says, <r To him who 
takes in the history of the past, life is lengthened. He may count 
no more revolving years than his fellow man whose thoughts never 
wander farther back than his boyhood. He who reads the past 
multiplies his days a hundred fold." Things which appear at the 
time of little consequence often turn out in their results to be of 
momentous importance. A suggestion, an action or an accident 
recorded in history may have been the father of discoveries which 
have conferred untold blessings on our race. Just as a grain of 
invisible pollen impregnates the open blossom, fertilizing it and 
producing a fruit that charms the eye, gratifies the taste, cools 
the fevered lip, and ministers to the comfort and relief of millions 
who partake of it. 

We build upon the past, Ave look to history for the record of 
human thought, of individual life, of national character, and us the 
author last quoted savs, ff it is in their light we walk." Nine-tenths 
of all the movements in trade, art or science rely for their success 
on the experience of the past. Without these guides we wander in 
the mazes of doubt, and might as well expect to produce a beautiful 
flower or luscious fruit without a knowledge of the sources from which 
they were to emanate. 

And now as our statues commemorating: the worthy dead are 
rising up in various parts of this city, let us recur for a moment 
to the history of New England. I have spoken on this subject 
before, but I desire to repeat in substance what I have said, having 
nothing to alter or amend. New England principles are to re- 
generate, remodel and reconstruct the governments of the world. 
Here was laid, said Mr. Winthrop, '* the corner-stone of a mightier 
and freer nation than the sun in its circuit ever before shone upon." 
New England ideas and principles which had here their first illustra- 
tion, as President Hayes, one of our Vice-Presidents, has lately 
said, "have had a great influence in shaping the affairs of the people 
of the United States, much to do with the prosperity we now enjoy, 
and about which we may rightfully be boastful, and which we cannot 
too highly esteem." Well did Secretary Evarts, a Boston boy, say 
in his late speech before the New England Society in Brooklyn. 
N. Y., in regard to the influence of New England principles on 
the world, " Who can measure it? Who can circumscribe it? As 
the Puritan settlement at Plymouth is to the United States of 
America as it now is, so is the United States of America to the future 
possession and control of the world as it is to be." 

Look for instance at what New England has done for the advance- 
ment of civilization, the support of constitutional authority, the develop- 
ment of our national resources. How she lias encouraged everv effort 
for the cause of education, the diffusion of knowledge, the extension 
of human freedom and the spread of the Gospel ! How she has sent 
vol. xxxv. 13 






142 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

her sons forth as pioneers to stimulate by their examples, to build 
up by their enterprise, to enrich by their wealth, and to plant, 
wherever their feet shall trend, schools, churches and institutions for 
the welfare of mankind ! 

Look at her history presenting examples of genius, enterprise and 
benevolence, unsurpassed in the annals of the world ! 

Who was it that drew the lightning from the fiery cloud, and held 
it in his hand ! 

Who was it that laid the mystic wire, dry-shod, from continent 
to continent, in the almost fathomless abyss of the mighty deen I 

Who was it that taught the electric spark, with tongue of tire to 
speak, quick as thought, all the languages of the globe ! 

Who was it that brought Lethean sleep, the heaven-born messen- 
ger, to assuage all human suffering, and to blot from memory the 
cruel operations of the surgeon's knife ! 

Who planted the first free school on this continent, if not the first 
free school in the world — the free school, that tree of knowledge 
whose fruits are freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of 
worship — that tree whose leaves are for the healing of the nations ! 

Whose sign manual appears at the head of the signers of that 
immortal Declaration of American Independence ; who were they 
who fell where yonder column rises ; and who were the volunteers 
that rushed first to the defence of the Capitol in the late fearful 
str unfile of our union ! 

Who were the men who conceived the idea and laid the plan for 
the Greatest missionarv enterprise on our western shores, iroins 1 
forth with the ensign of the cross in one hand and the flag of our 
nation in the other, to the distant islands of the sea ! 

Who were the men on this hemisphere that first stood forth, as the 
champions of human freedom and equal rights, boldly declaring, 
with their lives in their hands, like Paul on Mars Hill, that God 
rr made of one blood all the nations of men ! " 

By whose bold adventure, untiring energy, and wonderful despatch, 
was our western continent spanned by the iron tracks of the Pacific 
road ! 

Who was it that was honored with princely obsequies at West- 
minster Abbey, and whose remains by order of her Majesty the 
Queen of Great Britain, were sent home to us under royal convoy, 
in testimonv of his noble benefactions to mankind ! 

Were not these Xew England men ? Were not these beneficent 
acts and achievements the result of Xew England mind? Ave, 
thev were Massachusetts men ! It is these that have elevated our 
institutions as shining lights, whose beneficent rays have penetrated 
the darkest recesses of the earth, and whose golden record shall 
shine with brighter and brighter glory on the historic page. 

These are the words I spoke to you eleven years ago, and from 
which I have nothing to retract. But in filial duty to the land which 



1881.] President Wilder >$ Address. 143 

gave me birth, I desire once more to place on record, to impress on 
your memories, and on the mind of every child that shall be born 
on New England soil, this wonderful story of the genius and renown 
of her sons. Thus will we record these examples of patriotism, 
moral worth, and christian benevolence, that they may live forever 
on the tablet of the memory. 

" We'll teach them to our sons, 
And they again to theirs, 
That generations yet unborn 
May tell them to their heirs." 

Forever shall they be cherished and remembered ! Never shall 
they be forgotten, No, Never! Through the ages of all time pos- 
terity shall respond, in the words of our own poet, 

"Forever! Never! Never! Forever!" 

Gentlemen, I cannot close these remarks without referring to the 
prosperous condition of our country, to which I briefly alluded 
last year. This 1 am happy to believe is still on the increase. TV hen 
we consider the stupendous progress and prosperity since our fathers 
planted the flower of freedom which has shed its fragrance all over 
our land — when we think of the vastness of our country, looking out 
on Europe on the east and Asia on the west, capable of producing 
almost all the products of other climes, of feeding a great portion of 
the people of the world, its rapidly increasing population coming 
from all parts of the globe, and combining into a race more power- 
ful than any that has preceded it — with a constant immigration still 
surging on to the great West, to occupy not only our present lines 
but the lands of the great Northwest, whose advantages were so 
graphically described by our associate, Mr. Coffin, in his late paper 
read before us — when we reflect on these things we instinctively 
inquire to what will this all come at the close of two and a half 
centuries more. 

When 1 think upon what I have witnessed in my own day, my 
heart throbs with intense desire that my life may be prolonged 
for another eighty years to see something more of the great future 
of this blessed land, more of its rising greatness and power 
when it shall have been filled up with the push and onward march 
of American enterprise, and I involuntarily exclaim — "Tell us, ye 
prophets of the Lord, O tell us, to what glorious end these signs 
of promise are pointing"? Were we permitted to look forward 
through the lens of the future, methinks we should see, ere some who 
hear me shall have gone down to their graves, amazing develop- 
ments springing from the benign influences of New-England princi- 
ples and institutions. How clearly do we see the hand of an 
overruling Providence who has designed this continent for the uses 
of a great nation, a most magnificent dwelling-place prepared by 
Him for man's abode — a home for the oppressed of the world, 



144 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

and of a people who are almoners of freedom to the advancing millions 
that are to dwell within its borders. 

The tide of humanity is constantly surging westward without re- 
gard to age or color, and is everv vear increasing its volume. Our 
eastern cities and towns join in the grand procession with the hun- 
dreds of thousands who are seeking a home nearer the setting sun, 
in those rich lands where thriving: villages, towns and cities, will 
arise as by enchantment, and become as populous and affluent as 
we now are. Whether this comes in one or five centuries, it is as 
sure to come as that day follows night. 

In a word, our country, with is vast territories, its fertile and pro- 
ductive fields, its rapidly increasing population, free schools and 
benevolent institutions spread broadcast over the land, together with 
the development of its immense mineral resources, may look forward, 
in all human probability, to a future the like of which the world has 
never seen, a future which neither Greece nor Home, nor the most 
favored nations of the past could ever have dreamed of — a future, 
when nations shall do honor to our civilization, science and refine- 
ment, as it now dodS to our progress, power and prosperity — when 
the flag of our republic shall unfold its stars and stripes throughout 
the world as the symbols of civilization and benevolence, where every 
man may sit under the shadow of the tree of liberty, and enjoy the rich 
fruits which spring from freedom of conscience and the right to 
worship God according to its dictates. 

Thus Providence has placed our nation where it stands, in the 
midst of cast-down or declining monarchies, as an emblem of Divine 
justice, the terror of tyrants, the protector of human rights, and on 
whose ensign is inscribed "Law, Freedom, Truth, and Faith in 
God" — a nation where, in the words of the martyred Lincoln, "The 
mystic ties of memory stretching from every battle-field and patriot 
grave, to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, 
shall yet swell the chorus of the L^nion when touched, as surely they 
will be, bv the better angels of our nature." Nothing but some tre- 
mendous convulsion, some great moral earthquake, some dire revul- 
sion of human excellence, virtue and renown, which shall shatter our 
confederacy into atoms and cover our fair land with anarchy and dis- 
union, can ever obstruct the grandest and most glorious march of 
civilization on the globe. 

When I look back on the past and see what has been accomplished 
bv the planting of our free institutions on these Xew England 
shores, when I look forward to the future and consider the vastness 
and capacity of our national territory, its immense annual crop of 
twenty-five hundred millions of bushels of grain, sufficient for feed- 
ing its fifty millions of people and supplying the needs of the rest of 
the world — its eighty thousand miles of railroad, with net earnings of 
two hundred millions of dollars yearly, and its rich mineral resources 
— a territory yet to be filled up with a free and industrious population, 



1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 145 

I feel a great desire to see more of the development of this wonderful 
country— when the rive Pacific railroads shall have enclasped our 
continent, when the inter-oceanic canals shall have united the waters 
of oar oceans — when the thousands of our rivers shall be navigated, 
the vast interior of our continent occupied by an industrious, intelli- 
gent, and enterprising community — when the sound of the steam 
whistle, the ring of the iron rail, the click of the telegraph, and 
the voice of the telephone shall be heard around the world — when the 
genius of man, the progress of letters, the philosophy of nature, the 
mysteries of science shall have been fully unfolded — when these shall 
have accomplished their Divine mission, and man master of them 
all shall approach nearer and nearer to that wisdom and perfection 
which are finally to characterize our race — when " Liberty, Equality 
and Fraternity'' shall be the countersign from land to land — when all 
the peoples of the earth shall join in hallelujahs of thanksgiving to 
the God of nations, whose song of jubilee shall be, Eheedom and 
Salvation ! Free and Equal ! Free and Equal fohevek ! 



VIRGINIA DOCUMENTS.— THE PEYTON FAMILY. 

Communicated by Col. John Lewis Peyton, of Steepliill, near Staunton, Virginia. 

f IMIE Peyton family is of high antiquity in the mother country. 
A According to Du Moulin, Camden and other antiquarians and 
historians the founder was William de Malet, one of the great ba- 
rons who accompanied William I. to the conquest of England, and 
obtained from that monarch many grants of manors and lordships as 
a recompense for his military services. Among these lordships 
were Sibton and Peyton Halls in Norfolk, from the latter of which 
a junior branch of the de Malets assumed the surname of Peyton 
in accordance with the usasre of the times. 

The name is also one of the earliest connected with the coloniza- 
tion of Virginia. Sir Henry Peyton, who was knighted by James 
I., and was gentleman of the Privy Chamber of Prince Henry in 
1G10, was a member of the London Company to whom King James 
granted a charter May 23, 1609, "to deduce a colony and make 
habitation and plantation in that part of America commonly called 
Virginia." [See Hening, vol. i. p. &2.] Sir Henry Peyton was 
the fourth son of the Kiirht Hon. Thomas Pevton, M. P. for Dun- 
wich in 1557, by his wife Lady Cecelia Bouchier, daughter of John, 
second Earl of Bath. He married Ladv Marv, daughter of Ed- 
ward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, but it dees not appear that he 
ever visited Virginia or left descendants. His nephew John Pey- 
ton, son of his brother Robert, is supposed to have been the first of 
the family who undertook the voyage to Virginia circa 1G22, when 
vol. xxxv. 13* 



146 Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. [April, 

in his twenty-sixth year. He had previously married Ellen Pak- 
ington, of London, and left at his death two sons : 

i. Henry Peyton, of Acquia, Westmoreland Co., Va. 
ii. Col. Valentine, of Nominy, " " 

The descendants of these two sons are scattered through Virginia, 
the South and West. An accurate list of their offspring cannot be 
now furnished, but it is hoped that it will be forthcoming at no dis- 
tant day. 

This much, however, may be said, that from Valentine was de- 
scended the gallant Col. Harrv Peyton of revolutionary fame, who 
when he heard that his last son had been killed at the siege of 
Charleston, S. C, 1780. by a cannon ball from the British fleet, 
exclaimed, " Would to God I had another to put in his place." 

And Frances Peyton, who married Judge John Brown, Chan- 
cellor of the Staunton (Va.) district, and left issue : 

i. Judge James E. Brown, of the Wytheville district, uncle of Gen. 
J. E. B. Stuart, of the Confederate Cavalry. 

ii. Margaret, who married Judge Briscoe G. Baldwin, of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals of Virginia, the father of Col. John B. Bald- 
win, of Mrs. Alexander A. II. II. Stuart, Mrs. James M. Han- 
son, of Jefterson Co., West Virginia, and Mrs. Chapman I. 
Stuart, of Richmond, Va. 

iii. Martha, who married William S. Eskridge, and left issue : 
Mrs. Jno. Towles, of Louisiana, and 
Mrs. R. T. W. Duke, of Albermarle, Va. 

From Henry Peyton, of Acquia, descended Col. Balie Peyton, 
of Tennessee, a distinguished lawyer and soldier. He served in 
congress for Tennessee, and in the Mexican war as colonel of the 
5th Louisiana Regiment, and afterwards as Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Chili, 1848-1853. The Hon. E. G. Peyton, late Chief Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Mississippi; Col. Henry E. Peyton, 
who served throughout the war on the staff of Gen. R. E. Lee, 
and is now secretary of the U. S. Senate ; Col. Robert L. Y. 

•/ j 

Peyton, a member of the Confederate States Senate for Missouri, 
and others too numerous to be here mentioned. 

With these simple facts by way of introduction, we present our 
readers with some of the earliest papers on record in our country. 

Will of Henry Peyton, gent, of Acquia, in the County of Westmoreland 

Virginia, 1G58. 

In the name of God amen I Henry Peyton, of Acquia, in the County 
of Westmoreland, Gentleman, being of good and perfect memory, & thanks 
be to God, well & sound in bodily health, but being bound for a vova^e to 
sea, not knowing how it may please God to dispose of me, doe make this 
my last will & testament, in manner & form flowing. 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul to God that gave it, & my body 
to the Earth from whence it came, or as it shall please God the Almighty 
otherwise to dispose of it. 



1881. Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 147 

Item. I give & bequeath to my loving wife Ellen Peyton one half of the 
whole estate that it has pleased the Almighty God to bestow upon rue in 
this world, excepting the legacy hereinafter given to my brother Valentine 
Peyton. 

Item. I give & bequeath to my sons Henry & Valentine Peyton the 
other half of mine estate equally to be divided betwixt them, to be paid to 
them, at their aires of one & twentv vears. 

Item. I give & bequeath to my brother Valentine Peyton One thousand 
pounds of tobacco to buy him a mourning suit. 

Item. My will is that none of my land or estate in Virginia do fall to my 
sons or next heirs in law as inheritance, but that if my wife desire it then 
it is to be sold & valued as personal estate & then be divided according to 
my will. 

Item. My will & desire is that my brother Col. Valentine Peyton & mine 
Uncle Thomas Pakington of London, be overseers of this my last will & 
testament to be performed according to my true intent & meaning, & in 
case my wife marry again to take security for or to take into their pos- 
session that part that belongeth to the children. 

Item. I constitute & ordain my loving wife Ellen Peyton sole execu- 
trix of this my last will & testament. 

Witness my hand & seal this 17 th day of May 1658. 

Henry Peyton [seal] 
Signed & sealed in presence of 
Walter Brodhurst 
Hugh Brodhurst. 

This will was proved <$c recorded 20 th of October 1659. 
A copy. Teste 

J. Warren Hutt, 

Clerk of Westmoreland 
August 1880. 



Will of Colonel Valentine Peyton, gent, of Xominy, 1662. 

In the name of God Amen I Valentine Peyton of the County of West- 
moreland, Virginia Gentleman being about to take a vovage to Jamestown, 
& knowing the life of man to be uncertain doe make this my last will & tes- 
tament in form following, to wit ; 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul into the hands of God my maker 
hoping for salvation through the merits & passion of my alone Saviour 
Jesus Christ, & my body to the earth decently to be buried at the discretion 
of my Executrix hereinafter named. 

Item. I give my estate real & personal both of lands, goods, chattels & 
debts to my dear & loving wife Frances Peyton whom I ordain nominate 
& appoint my sole executrix, excepting only the legacies hereinafter men- 
tioned. 

Item. I give unto my son-in-law Thomas Speke one two year old Mare 
& four Cows with their increase for the future to be delivered to him when 
he comes to the aire of twentv one. 

Item. I leave my father-in-law Thomas esq & M r Robert Sligh 

both of Maryland overseers to see this my last will performed. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 27 th of No- 
vember 1602. 

Valentine Peyton [seal] 



148 Virginia Documents— the Peyton Family. [April, 

Teste 
Stephen Warward } 
Augustus Hull j 

This will was recorded Juue 29 th 16G5. 

A copy, teste 

J. Warren Hutt, clerk. 

Sep' 14 th , 1S80. 



Mrs. Frances Peyton's to Major John Washington Power of Attorney. 

1GG5. 

Know all men by these presents that I Frances Peyton the relict & wid- 
ow & Adru r with the will annexed of Colonel Valentine Peyton late of the 
County of Westmoreland, deceased doe make, constitute, appoint & ordain 
my trusty and well beloved friend Major John Washington,* of the said 
County my true & lawful general attorney in all causes & in all Courts with- 
in the Colony of Virginia to act for me either as plaintiff or defendant 
hereby giving & granting unto my said attorney as full power & authority 
in the prosecution of my interests as any attorney or attorneys hath or 
ought to have. And whatsoever my said attorney shall lawfully doe in the 
premises I do & shall ratify & confirm as powerfully & effectually as if I 
myself was there personally present to do the same. In witness whereof I 
have hereunto set my hand & seal this 21 st of July 16G5. 

Frances Peyton [seal] 
Signed, sealed & delivered in the preserve of 

John Lord 

Thomas Wilsford 

This letter of attorney was recorded on the 22 nd of July 1665. 

A copy, teste 

J. Warren Hutt, Clerk. 
Sept. 14 th , 1880. 



Will of Col. Gerrard Peyton, of Fominy, in the Co. of Westmoreland, Va. f 

1G87. 

In the name of God amen. I Gerrard Peyton, of Nominy in the Co. of 
Westmoreland, finding myself very sick and weak in body, but of sound 
and perfect memory calling to mind the frailty of all human flesh and the 
decree of our Heavenly father that all mankind are once to die and de- 
scend into the grave and to sleep until the loud and dreadful trumpet shall 
sound and awake us all to judgment before the great tribunal judge, both 
of quick and dead ; doe by these presents make, constitute, ordain and ap- 
point this to be my true last will and testament, hereby revoking, disannull- 
ing and making void all manner of former wills and testaments by me here- 
tofore made or done. 

First. I give and bequeath my immortal soul unto God my Heavenly 
maker, who gave it first unto me, hoping through the merits, passion and 
intercession of his son my alone dear Saviour Jesus Christ, to behold and 
everlastingly enjoy my maker and redeemer in the Kingdom of Heaven 

* Mnjor Jolin Washington was the grandfather of the illustrious Washington. 



1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 149 

and mv body to the earth from whence it came to be decently buried and 
interred according to the decision of my executrix hereinafter named. 

ite;/*. I give and bequeath uuto my dearest well beloved sister Eliza- 
beth Hardige, her heirs. Executors, administrators and assigns all my real 
estate and personal property, my lands &c. And if my said sister Eliza- 
beth Hardidge should have no issue of her body, then mv full and whole 
estate both real and personale with all my lands to be disposed of by her 
last will and testament. Also, I the said Gerard Peyton doe by these pre- 
sents nominate, constitute, put, place, ordain and appoint my loving and 
kind father-in-law M r William Hardidge, of Noininy aforesaid to be sole 
executor of this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof I the said Gerard Peyton being in good and perfect 
memory have hereunto set my hand and seal this 27 :h day of De"c r A.D. 
'1687. Anno reg. Jacobi sec undo tertio. 

The words " her heirs, executors & c " interlined in the 12th line before 
signing. 

Codicil. I also give and bequeath unto my kind and loving father-in- 
law my sword and belt and case of pistols. I also give and bequeath unto 
Valentine Harris One hundred acres of land. Unto M ra Margaret Blagg 
my horse " Jocky," to M™ Edward Frankly n fourteen and a half yards 
of silk and a pair of shoes. Unto Cuthbert one pair of breeches and a 
trunk and unto Negro Dick the first mare colt that shall fall. 

c . -, t -, i i r j Gerhard Peyton Tseal] 

bigned, sealed and delivered L J 

in presence of 

Joseph Lewis 

Richard Sturman 

Robert Chamberlain 

Jan^ 11. 1G87-8. 

Upon petition of M r W m Hardidge, Executor of the last will "and testa- 
ment of the above named Col. Gerrard Peyton this will was proved in 
Court by the Oaths of Joseph Lewis, Richard Sturman and Robert Cham- 
berlain witnesses thereto subscribed and it was ordered to be recorded. 

Thom. Marsen, 

Deputy Clerk. 

* 

A.D. 1731. 

Westmoreland Co. ) At a court held for the said County the 

to wit. j 27 th day of October 1731. 

Col. Henry Ashton by his letter to this Court representing that the leaf 
of the record book in which the will of Col. Gerrard Peyton dec d 1087 was 
recorded is by some accident broken off (which it seems was before George 
Tuberville, the present Clerk of the County was in that office) And it re- 
mains in a loose leaf of the said book. And as the whole right of a great 
quantity of lands belonging to his daughter and grand daughters depend 
on the said will, therefore prayed the Courts order for recording the same 
in a proper book which being considered by the Court it is ordered that 
the said Col. Peyton's will be re-entered in the present record book for 
wills of this county. And the original will of said Peyton happening to 
be in possession of said Ashton and being produced in Court it is also or- 



150 Zabdiel and John Boylston. [April, 



dered that the same be lodged and remain in the clerks office of this county 
amongst other original wills. Teste G. Tcrbervile, C. C. W. 

Recorded the 30 th day of October 1731. 

P r G. T., C. C. W. 

A copy, teste J. Warren Hutt, 

c. c. w. 



Virginia Land Registry Office, Richmond. 

Extracts. — The following are grants of lands to the Peytons, made be- 
fore the Revolution : 

Peyton, Henry, book 4, p. 255 ; 400 acres in Westmoreland Co., Novem- 
ber 1, 1657. 

Peyton, Valentine, book 4, p. 426 ; 1600 acres in same County, July 20, 
1662. 

Peyton, Major Robert, book 7, p. 81 ; 1000 acres in New Kent Co., April 
23,1681. 

Peyton, Robert, book 7, p. 233 ; 150 acres in Kensington Parish, Glouces- 
ter Co., Feb. 20, 1682. 

Peyton, Thomas, book 17, p. 524 ; 100 acres in Gloucester Co., June 16, 
1738. 



ZABDIEL AND JOHN BOYLSTON. 

Communicated by Charles W. Parsons, M.D., of Providence, R. I. 

HPHACHER'S American Medical Biography contains an interest- 
I- ing memoir of Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, distinguished for hav- 
ing introduced inoculation for small-pox into this country. This 
memoir was mostly drawn from materials communicated to the late 
Dr. George C. Shattuck, by Ward Nicholas Boylston, the eminent 
benefactor of Harvard College. The printed memoir omits an in- 
cident related at the end of Mr. Boylston's paper, and never hith- 
erto made public. I copy from his manuscript. 

"Here, perhaps, says Mr. Boylston, I may be allowed to intro- 
duce an anecdote I learned with pleasure and surprise from the late 
Dr. Franklin, to whom I was introduced at his seat near Paris, in 
the year 1783. There were several gentlemen and ladies in the 
room at the time of my name being announced to him, when he arose 
from his chair and took me by the hand, saying, " I shall ever re-' 
vere the name of Boylston ; Sir, are you of the family of Dr. Zab- 
diel Boylston of Boston ? " to which I replied that he was my great 
uncle ; " then, Sir, I must tell you I owe everything I now am to 
him." Pie went on giving this account of himself, viz. : When 
Dr. Boylston was in England, I was there reduced to the greatest 
distress, a youth without money, friends or counsel. I applied in 
my extreme distress to him, who supplied me with twenty guineas ; 



1881.] Zabdiel and John JBoyhton. 151 

and, relying on his judgment, I visited him as opportunities offered, 
and by his fatherly counsels and encouragements I was saved from 
the abvss of destruction which awaited me, and my future fortune was 
based upon his parental advice and timely assistance. Sir, I beg you 
will visit me as often as you rind you have leisure while in Paris.*' 
During my stay I availed mvself of this, visited and dined with him 
several times, and always received his marked attentions." 

Dr. Bovlston was in England in 1724 and 1725, and voting 
Franklin reached London about the end of the year 1724, where he 
found he had been deceived by worthless letters of recommendation 
from Gov. Keith, and was almost friendless and moneyless, though 
he soon found employment as a printer. The incident above related 
is the more creditable to Dr. Bovlston from the fact that the JS^ew 
England Con rant, conducted by the Franklins, had joined in the 
outcry against inoculation, bv which Dr. Bovlston had suffered so 
much. 



Dr. Bovlston had a son John, who presented many interesting 
traits of character. His letters to which I have had access show a 
very amiable man, kind to his relatives in Boston, simple in tastes, 
and warmly attached to his native town. He has been ranked as a 
tory, and is mentioned accordingly in Sabine's r American Loyal- 
ists." It appears that he left Boston for London in 17(38, on ac- 
cornt of impaired health. He was then nearly sixty years old, 
having been born in Boston March 23, 1709. He established a 
mercantile correspondence with Boston and Jamaica, and resided in 
London till November, 1775, when, on account of increasing in- 
firmities, the interruption of commercial intercourse caused by war, 
and the expense of living in the metropolis, he went to Bath, 
where he died unmarried in 1795. 

• His letters through the whole period of the war show that his 
sympathies were with his '' townsmen," as he continued to call his 
friends in Boston. He deprecates the "vindictive measures' of 
government, sends money for the relief of the distressed people of 
Boston, and writes as follows, after hearing of the defeat of Gates 
at Camden : "This unfortunate event has buried all pacific thoughts, 
and inspired this sanguinary administration to continue this infernal 
contest, with the ostensible view of subjugating the colonies, 
although the real purpose is continuing in office, and fleecing the 
people, whose spirits seem wholly dissipated and broke." 

He kept up a long and constant correspondence with the Bev. 
Thomas Wren, a dissenting clergyman of Portsmouth, England, 
in regard to the relief of American prisoners-of-war held at Forton, 
near Portsmouth. He contributed money at many different times 
for their aid and comfort, directing that preference be given to those 
who belonged in Boston, and next to those from other parts of Mas- 
sachusetts. The Forton prisoners make the subject of an interestin 



cr 

- 



152 Witchcraft in Springfield, Mass. [April, 

communication, published in the Register from 1876 to 1879, by 
William R. Cutter. Esq. The visits of Mr. AVren, made frequently 
once a week, are repeatedly mentioned in that article, with a notice 
of his bringing money to the prisoners. Mr. Bovlston gave very 
liberally for this object ; and the correspondence between him and 
Mr. Wren shows that both parties were very tender in their sympa- 
thies and active in beneficence. 

Mr. Boylston's letters frequently refer to a plan he long cherished 
of bequeathing a large part of his property for the benefit of the 
poor of Boston. It would appear that he had taken measures with 
this intent before leaving Boston in 1768. Pie writes from Bath, in 
1789 : It is now more than thirtv years since by will I devoted 
my small property to this purpose, having to this day taxed my ex- 
penses for this intent." His last will, executed at Bath in the year 
1793, creates a trust which is still in operation. One portion of 
the bequest is for the benefit of r poor and decayed householders of 
the Town of Boston," — "not under fifty years of age," — " persons 
of good character and reduced by the act of Providence, not bv in- 
dolence, extravagancy, or other vice." The other portion is to be 
applied to 'the nurture and instruction of Poor Orphans and 
Deserted Children, of the Town of Boston*, until fourteen years of 
age." The two funds, according to recent reports of the City Audi- 
tor, now amount to considerablv more than one hundred thousand 
dollars. They are respectively known as the " Bovlston Relief 
Fund," and the " Boylston Education Fund." 



WITCHCRAFT IX SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

rtpilE late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., in his "Annals of Witch- 
JL craft," pp. 6-1 to 72, gives an account of the trial of Hugh Par- 
sons, of Springfield, and his wife on the charge of witchcraft. In 
the Appendix, pp. 219-58, Mr. Drake gives the evidence in the 
case as found in a manuscript volume belonging to him. The fol- 
lowing depositions, found among the Suffolk court files, undoubtedly 
relate to this case. 

The testimony of Joanna y e wife of John Lnmbard taken on oath May 

22 th 1651. 

This deponent sayth y* hir husband y e last Sumer beinge dawbinge his 
howse Layd down his trowell at y e doore of his howse on y e sill and goinge 
to fetch more mortar, afterward came to fetch his trowell where he Layed 
it, and it was gon. Both shee and hir husband sought it all over y r howse 
but could not firide it. The 3d day after Hugh Parsons came to o r howse, 
& he and hir husband were standing at y e doore at wch tyrne an Indian 
past by y* had bin in y e howse y e day y l y e trowell was lost, who called to 



1881.] Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. 153 

y e Indian to come to liina, intending to aske him if he had not stole ye trow- 
ell. Hush Parsons s d why doe you call him — her husband s'\ to inquire of 
him if he had not stole my trowell. S d Hugh Parsons, heere is the trowell, 
& there it was on v e doore sill where hir husband had layd it, but it was 
not to be seen there formerly. Henry Smith. 

The Testimony of Alexander Edwards taken on oath May 2G th 1651. 

This deponent sayth y* he tooke good notice y* his Cow lessened her milke 
on a suddaine, and from 3 quarts shee gave not above one quart at most : 
alsoe y* her milke was of a verry odd colour in all her teates, yellowish 
& somewht Blooddy as if it were festered & it continued soe about a 
weeke. This fell out to v e Cow the next meale after y* his wife had de- 
nyed Hugh Parsons milke, and y* y e Cow ayled nothinge to any of y r apre- 
hentions and grew well airavne and came to her milke without any meanes 
used. Henry Smith. 

The Testemony of Richard Excell taken on oath May 20 th 1651. 

Richard Excell atrlrmeth j x he heard Hugh Parsons aske Sarah Edwards 
for milke, and shee told him shee could spare him no moer milke. she would 
pay him wht else shee owed him some other way. He replyed he had 
rather have wht was due to him in milke. The next meal Rich: Excell 
saw y e milke y e Cow gave, and it was farr differinge fro ye usuall colour of 
milke it was verry yellow and unfitt for any to eate, and it was not above 
a quart y* y e Cow gave if it were soe much. 

All Testetied on oath before me Henry Smith. 



CORRESPONDENCE OF GEN. BENEDICT ARNOLD. 

Communicated by the Hon. Isaac N. Arxold, of Chicago, 111. 

THE following are copies of several papers of historic interest 
which I think should be made accessible to the student of 
history. The originals of all these papers, with the exception 
of the letter to the Rev. B. Booth, are in my hands, but will soon 
be returned to the Rev. Edward Gladwin Arnold, M.A., rector of 
Great Massingham, Norfolk, England [Register, xxxiv. 197], to 
whom they belong. They were sent to me by him with others 
used in preparing my Life of Benedict Arnold. 

I. 

Benedict Arnold to the Rev. Mr. Booth. 

Philadelphia 

May 25. 1770. 
Dear Sir 

Being in daily expectation of sending my sons to You, has p revented 
my answering Your fayor of the 2 d of April before. 

I am extremely happy in committing the care of their education to a 
gentleman so universally esteemed, & admired, not in the least doubting 

VOL. XXXV. 11 



154 Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. [April, 

your care & attention to them in every particular. Let me beg of You, 
my Dear Sir, to treat them in the same manner as you would Your own. 
When they deserve correction I wish not to have them spared. They have 
been for some time in this Citv, which is a bad School, & my situation 
has prevented my paying that attention to them, I otherwise should have 
done. If they have contracted any bad habits they are not of long stand- 
ing, & I make no doubt under Your care they will soon forget them. 

I wish their education to be useful, rather than learned. Life is too 
short, & uncertain to throw away in speculations upon subjects, that perhaps 
only one man in ten thousand has a genius to make a figure in. You will par- 
don my dictating to You sir, but as the fortune of every maa in this coun- 
try is uncertain, I wish my sons to be Educated in such a manner that with 
prudence & industry they may acquire a fortune, in case they are deprived 
of their patrimony, as well as to become useful members of society. 

My tailor has disappointed me, & sent home their clothes unfinished. 
I Am therefore under the necessity of sending them undone or of detaining 
the wagon. I cannot think of doing the latter, & must be<r the favor of You, 
to procure their clothes finished, & some new ones made out of my old ones. 
I must beg you to purchase any little matters necessary for them. I have 
enclosed three hundred dollars, for their use, out of which you will please 
to give as much to spend as you think proper, with this condition, that they 
render to you a regular account, as often as You think necessary, of their 
expenses, a copy of which they will transmit to me. This will teach them 
economy & method so necessary in life. If any books wanting I beg of 
you to purchase them, & whenever You are in want of money to draw on 
me. 

I shall expect they will write me frequently ; of this they will doubtless 
w int reminding. I have the Honor to be 

with great respect & esteem 
Dear Sir 
Rev. B. Booth. Your most Obedient & humble Servt 

B. Arnold. 

The Rev. Bartholomew Booth taught an academy at Delamere Forest, 
Washington Co., Maryland, in 1779. He " taught," savs his great-grand- 
son, Dr. William Booth, " the sons of quite a number of prominent per- 
sons and officers of the Revolution at that time. Among the number were 
Ben, & Richard, two sons of Benedict Arnold." These boys were then 
about 10 and 11 years old. 

It is a curious fact, that while Benedict Arnold was clothing his own boys 
by having his old clothes made up for them, he was contributing liberally 
to the support of the children of his friend Gen. Warren. See letter from 
Samuel Adams, dated Dec. 1, 1779, quoted in Frothingham's life of War- 
ren, p. 459. " Gen. Arnold has generously [assisted by enclosing $500 to 
their support." Also Feb. 19, 1779, So 00, sent by Lieut. Peter Richards, 
expenses of Gen. Warren's children. — Arnold's Life of B. Arnold, p. 220. 



II. 

Letter to Earl Spencer. 

My Lord Gloucester Place June l 8t 1797. 

Having had some Experience in Conducting naval, as well as Military 
Operations, I think it my duty at this alarming Crisis, to tender my Ser- 



1881.] Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. 155 

vices to your Lordship to be employed, as you may think proper, whether 
they are employed or not I presume my zeal for his Majesty's Service will 
apologize for the liberty I take in addressing your Lordship. 

I have the honor to be very respectfully 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 
The R* Honble Most Obed* 

Earl Spencer & most Hble Serv* 

&c. &c. &c. B. Arnold. 



III. 

Letter to Lord Cornwallis. 

Gloucester Place Dec r 29. 1796. 
My Lord 

I have had the honor of receiving your Lordship's letter of the 24 th 
Ins* and beg you will accept my thanks for your kindly attention in speak- 
ing to M r Pitt on the subject of my Plan, which the more I consider it, the 
more important it appears to me in its consequences, provided it can be car- 
ried into effect, and tho' existing circumstances may at present preclude the 
means for that purpose, the case may soon be altered, and as I apprehend 
that the principal objection is the hazard of taking so many ships of the 
line from other service, I beg leave to say that, that objection may in a 
great measure be obviated by adopting a plan that I have taken the liberty 
to enclose for your Lordship's Consideration. 

The naval force of the Enemy in the S. Seas, by the latest intelligence was 
very inconsiderable, consisting only of Two or three ships of the line, one 
fifty & a few Frigates. — Should they detach more ships of war to that 
part of the World, I presume it cannot be done without our knowing their 
destination, in which case we can undoubtedly spare as many ships from 
home service, to counteract them. — If their naval Force in that Country is 
not superior to ours, it would soon fall into our hands, and make such an 
addition to our ships, as would render them sufficiently formidable, to Cover 
our Operations by land, against any force that Spain could send. — And I 
will pledge mvself that with such a covering fleet as I have mentioned and 
five thousand effective men to begin Operations, I will soon raise so for- 
midable an army of the Natives, Creoles & People of Colour, that no force 
that Spain has there, or can send to that Country, will be able to resist it, 
or prevent their freeing the Country from the Spanish Government. — Per- 
mit me to request the favor, my Lord, that whenever there appears a favor- 
able Opportunity to carry such plan into effect that you will have the good- 
ness to remind M r Pitt of it, & of my wishes to be employed in it. — 

I have the honor to be with great respect 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most Obedient & 
most obliged 
Humble Ser* 
[Addressed to Lord Cornwallis.] B. Arnold. 






156 Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. [April, 

IV. 

Gen. Arnold's Memorandum of his Confiscated Property. 

Memorandum of General Arnold's Property confiscated and sold in 

Philadelphia, 1779 or 1781. 

Sterling 
A pair of Horses for which G. Arnold refused .... £200 

Carriage almost new, worth ....... 100 

A valuable Negroe man slave 22 Years old . . . . 100 

Plate £50 Furniture Beds Bedding Linen, &c&c 250 . . 300 

Books Electrical Machine Microscope &c &c China Glass Stores &c &c 200 
Cloths &c. .......... 50 



Sterling £950 



B. Arnold. 



V. 

Certificate of Jeremiah Miller, Jr. 

I do Certify that I was acquainted with Brig r General Benedict Arnold 
for many years in America, and that He was for Several Years pre- 
vious to the War considered as a Merchant of Property, and did a great 
deal of Business ; — He was possessed of an elegant House, Store Houses, 
"Wharf &c, in New Haven, Connecticut, which 1 have been informed and 
believe was worth upwards of Twenty four Hundred pounds, that Curren- 
cy, which with all his property in Connecticut has been confiscated and 
sold, and I have also been informed, and have no reason to doubt but that 
His Estate was free from Encumbrances ; from the nature of His Business 
and trade in General in that Country, I am of the opinion He must have 
had very considerable Out-Standing Debts. 

I do also Certify that in the Year 1780, the State of Connecticut under- 
took to make good the Depreciation of the pay of their Officers upon a 
given scale of Depreciation (to a certain time I think to the year 1778. 
The Treasurer of Connecticut gave His Notes to the Officers for the same, 
which Notes were negotiable and did pass for a certain time at their nom- 
inal Value. Jeke3HAH Miller, Jr. 

London 5 th March 1784. 



VI. 

Gen. Arnolds Statement relative to Joshua Hett Smith. 

In the Prosecution of the Agreement between S r Henry Clinton & my- 
self, It became necessary for me to have a Personal Interview with the 
Man of Sir Henry's Confidence, who was the unfortunate Major Andre* 
who by appointment of S r II. was to meet me (with a Flag of Truce) at 
Dobbs's Ferry on the North River at 12 o'clock on a certain day appoint- 
ed by us ; at the time appointed I approached the Ferry in my Barge, 
expecting to meet him, but to my great Mortification Instead of meeting 
him I was attacked by three Gun Boats from New York, who by some 
fatal mistakes were neither called off their Post or made acquainted with 



1881.] Who ivas First Minister of Mend on ? 157 

our Intended meeting, and It was with Great Risque and difficulty that I 
escaped from them, soon after in Order to bring the meeting with Major 
Andre about, I had to send for him from the Vulture Sloop of war, then 
Lying below the American lines iu Hudson River, the utmost Secrecy was 
necessary, and the Person who was sent to bring Major Andre and myself 
together was Joshua H. Smith Esq r then residing at Haverstraw where the 
Interview was effected. 

I did not open the intention to Mr Smith but having from various previ- 
ous Conversations discovered M r Smith's Biases iu Favor of the British 
Government and Interests, I hoped everything from his Instrumentality to 
accomplish the Design, which unhappily failed by Incidents too well known 
to the world to need mentioning. 

Given under my hand this 

20 th Day of Dec r 1784. B. Aknold. 



WHO WAS THE FIRST MINISTER OF MENDON? 

By the Rev. George F. Clark, of Mendon, Mass. 

THE "Annals of the Town of Mendon," by John G.Metcalf, M.D., 
have recently been published in a large octavo volume. The book is 
a very valuable contribution to the local histories of New England, and 
ought to be in the hands of all the natives and residents of the town. In 
one particular, however, relative to the first minister, the annalist, through 
inadvertence, has fallen into a mistake that should not be overlooked and 
allowed to go down to posterity as a veritable fact. On pages three and 
four of the book may be found a report, dated " 22: 5: 1662." of the com- 
mittee having charge of the settlement of the plantation at Netmocke, now 
Mendon. Among the names of those accepted as proprietors, or to whom 
allotments of laud were made, a portion of whom are said to be of Brain- 
tree and others of Weymouth, appears that of " Goodman Raynes" of 
Weymouth. The annalist has recorded it as " Rayner," and connected 
with it, in parenthesis, the words (" The Minister"), which do not appear 
in the original record, and are therefore misleading. He assumes, more- 
over, that this man, whose christian name appears to have been "John," 
was the first minister of the town. Now the original entry clearly reads 
" Raynes." And in a copy of the first book of records, made by order of the 
town, in 1846, by the annalist himself, the name is rightly written 
" Raynes." 

Furthermore, there is no evidence that Rev. John Rayner, at one time a 
preacher at Mendon, was ever an inhabitant of Weymouth. His father, 
Rev. John Rayner, was for several years the minister of Plymouth, Mass.,, 
and about 1655 removed to Dover, N. II., where he resided until his death. 
Moreover, the Johu Rayner, Jr., assumed to have been one of the proprie- 
tors and the first minister of Mendon, was in the year 1C62 a student in 
Harvard College, and only nineteen years old, having been born at Fly- 
mouth in 1643. He could not, therefore, have been the man accepted in 
1662 as one of the proprietors of the new town, as no person under age 
wouljl have been. ^Nor would a boy of nineteen have been called 
" Goodman." 

vol. xxxv. 14* 



158 Who teas First Minister of Mention ? [April, 

Again, Rev. Aboer Morse published in the Genealogical Register (vol. 
ix. p. 51) the names of those who in 1662 were accepted as proprietors 
from Rraintree and Weymouth, and he gives the name as " Goodman 
■Raynes." 

On page 19 of the "Annals." under date of July 14, 1GG7, mention is 
made of a grant of meadow land to Col. William Crowne and the present 
minister, with others whose names are given. The annalist again assumes 
that " the present minister*'* was John Rayner, and puts his name into the 
list ; whereas he is not mentioned by name as receiving a portion of mea- 
dow, nor does his name, so far as we can ascertain, appear any where upon 
the town records. The only evidence that John Rayner was ever a preacher 
in Mendon is to be found in a petition of the inhabitants to the General 
Court, dated "May 16. 1669, asking for more meadow land, wherein they 
say : " And now God having given us good hope to enjoy the Gospel & gath- 
er a Church by the help of Mr. John Rayner, whose labors we have had 
comfort of this winter, & trust hee will settle with us, besides severall good 
people, members of churches, tender themselves to come to us had wee 
meado to supply them." This indicates that Mr. Rayner had been preach- 
ing for them, how long? The petitioners say " this winter." What win- 
ter? Most clearly the winter of 1668-9, just past, is meant. Had Mr. 
Ravner been preaching at Mendon three years or more, as the annalist in- 
timates, would the petitioners have been likely to have said simply ''this 
winter"? " His father died at Dover. N. II., April 20, 1 009, about a month 
previous to the date of the petition above mentioned. Mr. Rayner doubt- 
less left town near the date of his father's death, and probably never re- 
turned to resume his parochial duties, for on the 2 2d of July, following, he 
was invited to occupy the pulpit at Dover, made vacant by his father's 
death, though he was not ordained there until Julv 12. 1671. 

Furthermore, the statement is made in the Genealogical Register of 
July, 1872, p. 332. by Rev, A. H. Quint, D.D., who is reliable authority, 
that John Rayner, Jr., after graduation in 1 GG3, resided for some time at 
Dover, and pursued his theological studies with his father, and was in fee- 
ble health, though some of the time he was an assistant to his father. Hence 
there is hardly a possibility that he could have been at Mendon in 1664, as 
the annalist supposes. 

It will, therefore, be readily seen that the mistake relative to the first 
minister arises from the assumption that ; - Goodman Raynes," of Wey- 
mouth, admitted as a proprietor in 1662, was John Rayner the subsequent 
minister. But they were very different persons, as we shall see. 

There was a John Ranes who married. November 24, 1G59, Mary, the 
daughter of Dea. John Rogers, of Weymouth. And he, in all human 
probability, was the " Goodman Raynes" mentioned in 16G2 as one of the 
proprietors of Mendon, and said to be of Weymouth. In those days the 
same name was frequently spelled differently, according to the fancy of who- 
ever wrote it. Dea. Rogers, in Lis will, culls his son-in-law '"John Rune" 
The name Rayner is also spelled several different ways. All this goes to 
prove that it was " Goodman Raynes," or k - Ranes," or " Rane," to whom 
land was allotted in 1GG2. He. however, probably never resided at Men- 
don, as his name, we think, is found no where else on the town records. 

Who, then, was the "present minister' 1 to whom meadow land was as- 
signed in 1G67? There mav be a little doubt who he was. Rut the pre- 

O " A 

sumption is very strong that it was Benjamin Eliot, son of the " Apq,stle 
Eliot," as he is called. At any rate, the first allusion to a minister in the 



1881.] Longmeadow Families. 159 

town records is under date of * ; 24 Aprill $$" where is found this entry : 
" Ordered to send A letter to give M r Benjamin Aliot A call w 01 his fa- 
ther's leave, and A letter sent to y t effect." How long he had been preach- 
ing in the town previous to his " call," is not known. But in those days 
ministers usually preached some months before they were invited to settle. 
Hence Mr. Eliot might have been, and probably was, l> the present minis- 
ter " on July 14th, 1G67. Certainly there is no evidence that anyone 
preached earlier than he. At this time (1667) he would have been only 
twenty-one years old, having been born June 29, 1646. In " ye olden 
tyme " persons sometimes commenced preaching before reaching their ma- 
jority. Mr. Eliot is said to have been a man of great ability as well as 
of ardent piety. He probably did not receive " his ffather s leave " to set- 
tle, because his father was verv desirous to have him as his own colleague 
or assistant at Roxburv. And he was for some years associated with his 
father in preaching to the Indians. He died in 1687, but was never for- 
mally ordained. 

There is hardly a shadow of doubt that Benjamin Eliot was " the first 
minister " of the town. John Rayner in all probability w r as the second. 
Then came Rev. Joseph Emerson, who was the first settled pastor of the 
church. 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Commnnicated by "Willap.d S. Allen', A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 27.] 

5th Generation. Calvin Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary Cooley, was 
married June 17, 1790, to Eunice Warriner, of West Springfield. lie 
died Feb. 19, 1846, age 81. She died Oct. 30, 1842, age 77. James, born 
April 7, 1791. Eunice, born March 21, 1794. Loice, born Feb. 18, 1798. 
Calvin, born July 14, 1799, died March 13, IS 67, age 67. Mary, born 
Nov. 11, 1804, died Sept. 4, 1808. Lewis, born Jan. 28, 1806, died Sept. 
4, 1808. Alfred, born Sept. 1. 1807. Lewis, born Dec. 23, 1810, and 
died Jan. 25, 1811. Dinah Warriner, sister of Calvin Coolev's wife, died 
June 26, 1833, age 72. Eunice married Diamond Colton. Loice mar- 
ried William White. 

[Page 107.] 5th Generation. Hanan Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary 
Cooley, was married Dec. 19, 1799. to Sarah Booth, daughter of Henry 
and Dorothy Booth, of Enfield. She was born Dec. 5, 1780. Their child- 
ren — Henry Booth, born Dec. 5, 1801. Lucina, born Dec. 18, 1803. 
Ethan, born March 2. 1806. Emeline, born Feb. 12, 1808. 

6th Generation. Alford Coolev, son of Calvin and Eunice Cooley, was 
married Nov. 14. 1833, to Caroline Bliss Saxton. daughter of Noah and 
Martha Bliss Saxton, of Wilbraham. Their children — Caroline Louisa, 
born April 21, 1835. Manha Bliss, born Sept. 2, 1836. James Calvin, 
born Nov. 5, 1838. Noah Saxton, born Feb. 9, 1842. Mary Ella, born 
April 1, 1847. 

[Poge 108.] 5th Generation. Josiah Cooley, son of Josiah and Expe- 
rience Cooley, was married March 13, 1777, to Abiel Bliss, daughter of 
Col. John Bliss and Abiel his wife, of Wilbraham. He died Feb. 13, 1824, 
age 74. She died July 8, 1830, age 72. Their children — Rebecca, born 



160 Longmeadoic Families. [April, 

Jan. 7, 1778, died at Granville. John Bliss, born April 17, 1781, died 
Sept. 7, 1786. Sylva, born March 14, 1785, died at Pittsfield. Lydia, 
born Aug. 2, 1787, died July 31, 1823, age 36. Lticy, born Dec. 12, 1789. 
John Bliss, bom Nov. 3, 1793, died Nov. 4. 1858, at Wilbraham. Eliza, 
bom June 2, 1799, died Oct. 3, at Brookfield, 1851. Harriet, born Dec. 
19, 1802. Rebecca was married June 22, 1800, to Hezekiah Robinson, of 
Granville. Svlva was married Jan. 22, 1806, to Ambros Collins. Lucv 
married Luther Colton, Dec. 17, 1809. Harriet married G. Olcott Bliss, 
May 21, 1828. Eliza married Aaron Kimball, of Brookfield, April, 1829. 

5th Generation. Joel Cooley, son of Israel and Deborah Cooley, was 
married to Sarah Olcott, date of their publishment July 4, 1755. Their 
children — Levi, born Feb. 12, 1756. Lucy, born Jan. 8, 1759. Levi, 
born Nov. 1761. Deborah, born June 21, 1764. Gad, born Jan. 25. 1767. 
Walter born — Sally born. Joel Cooley with his family removed to Charles- 
town, state of New Hampshire. 

5th Generation. Jonah Coolev, son of Israel and Deborah, was married 
to Experience Hale, daughter of Thomas and Abigail Hale. They had 
one child, Experience, bom Nov. 9, 1780. Experience the mother died 
May 8, 1782. Jonah Cooley married again to Abigail Keep, daughter of 
Mathew and Abigail Keep, published Feb. 8, 1783. Their children — 
Nabby, born Dec. 18, 1783. Jonah, born March 31, 1785. Leonard, 
born Oct. 10, 1786. Ethan, born Sept. 16, 1788. Deborah, born Oct. 
1790. Israel, born Dec. 1792. Jonah Cooley with his family removed 
to Vershire, state of Vermont. 

[Page 109.] 5th Generation. Samuel Cooley, son of Samuel and Pa- 
tience Cooley, was married to Experience Tubbs, of Middletown, published 
Nov. 2, 1765. Their children — Samuel, born Julv 12, 1766. Theodocia, 
born March 28, 1768, died May 21, 1807. Simeon, born May 31, 1770. 
William, born Nov. 19, 1775. Theodocia married Samuel Comes, son of 
Samuel, July 20, 1792. Samuel the father died in the American war with 
G :eat Britain, Sept. 4, 1777, at Albany. Experience the mother died 
Sept. 26, 1778. The family of Simeon, see below on this page. Lydia 
and stillborn, Dec. 30. Lydia bapt. Jan. 3, 1773. died March 20, 1776. 

5th Generation. John Cooley, son of Eli and Mary Cooley, was mar- 
ried Jan. 9, 1788, to Martha Lancton, daughter of John and Sarah Lane- 
ton, of West Springfield. Their children — Henrv, born June 26, 1792. 
Mercy, born Jan. 16, 1794, died May 23, 1812. Polly, born July 1, 1796. 
Betsey, bom Aug. 31, 1798. Walter, born Feb. 1, 1804, died June 13, 
1811. Jerusha, born Oct. 8, 1809. Martha the mother died March 9, 
1813, asre 45. John Coolev died Jan. 29, 1835, aged 71 vears. 

6th Generation. Simeon Coolev, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel and 
Experience Cooley, was married in 1805 to Sirviah, who had been the wife 
of Luther Lyman, and was the daughter of Samuel Williams Corkins, of 
Stafford, and Elizabeth his wife. She died July 21, 1862, age 82. Their 
children — Samuel, born Jan. 26, 1806. Theodocia, born Dec. 2, 1807. 
William, born January 22, 1810. Simeon, born October 8, 1815, died 
Jan. 15, 1816. A child born March 19, 1820 (no name given it), died 
March 31, 1820. Emily, born Oct. 20, 1816. Harriet, born June 22, 
1822. [Vacant to page *1 11.] 

6th Generation. Joseph Whiting Cooley, son of Joseph Cooley and 
Jerusha his wife, of Somers, the grandson of George Cooley, and great- 
grandson of Joseph and Mary Cooley (page 98), who removed from Long- 



1881.] Longmeadoio Families. 161 

meadow to Somers. He was married April, 1787, to Flavia Cooley, the 
daughter of llezekiah and Charity Cooley. He was born Sept. 12, 17G7. 
Their children — Jerusha, born Dec. 3, 1787. Jerusha, born March 24, 
1790. Whiting, born May 20, 1702. Flavia. born June 5, 1704. died 
Jan. 18, 1820. Cyrus and Venus, born Aug. 11, 1706. Venus died June 
11, 1829. Joseph Cooley the lather died May 31, 18-11, age 74. Flavia 
the mother died Feb. 16. 1844, age 82. [Vacant to page 116.] 

Samuel Coomes, son of Richard and Hepsibah Cooines, was born Jan. 
26, 1730, was married May 18, 1761, to Miriam Hale, daughter of Noah 
and Miriam Hale. Their children — Samuel, born Aug. 30, 1761, died 
June 9, 1816. Silence, born Jan. 22, 1765, died Jan. 27 of the same year 
1765. Walter, born April 23, 1766, died Dec. 25, 1842, age 77. Silence, 
born April 17, 1768, died Nov. 7, 1845, age 77, Noah, born Aug. 3, 1770, 
died May 13, 1805. Achsa, born March 10, 1773, died Oct. 3, 1807. 
Moses Newel, born July 16, 1775, died July 10, 1777. Moses Newel, 
born Dec. 9, 1777, died May 28, 1840. age 62. Miriam, born Nov. 6, 1782, 
died April 25, 1796. Samuel the father died Dec. 17, 1795, in his 66th 
year. The mother died April 25, 1706, in her 56th year. 

Samuel Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married July 
20, 1792, to Theodocia Cooley, daughter of Samuel and Experience Cooley. 
Their children — Maria, born Nov. 20, 1793, died Aug. 26, 1794. Maria, 
born July 8, 1796. Experience Cooley, born June 24, 1801. Theodocia 
the mother died May 21, 1807. June 10, 1807, the father wished his sec- 
oud Maria to have an addition of Theodocia Cooley to her name, to bear 
the name of her mother. Samuel Cooley died June 9, 1816. 

Walter Coomes, son of .Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married Jan. 
6, 1790, to Flavia Colton, daughter of Festus and Eunice Colton. Their 
children — Sally, born Oct. 6. 1790, died Nov. 15, 1794. Miriam, born 
Feb. 1,1793. Sally, born Feb. 18,1796. Walter, born Jan. 2, 1708, 
died June 5, 1843, age 45. Flavia their mother died Aug. 16, 1799. Wal- 
ter the father was married again, Dec. 4, 1799, to Abigail Skinner, of East 
Windsor. Their children — Chauncy Bliss, born Jan. 1, 1801. Flavia 
Colton, born April 25, 1803. Samuel Skinner, born Jan. 12, 1805, died 
Dec. 16, 1866. Achsa, born Aug. 16, 1807. Lucinda, born May 12, 1809. 
Aurelia B., born Dec. 2, 1815, died Nov. 1, 1835. The father died Dec. 
25, 1842. 

[Page 117.] Noah Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was 
married Jan. 13, 1799, to Mary Colton, daughter of Henry and Mary 
Colton. Their children — Samuel Hale, born Oct. 25, 1799. Henry Burt, 
born Dec. 4, 1800. William, born Oct. 29, 1803. Walter, born Oct. 19, 
1801. Mary, born Jan. 12, 1806. Noah Coomes the father with his wife 
removed to a place called Aurelius, in the county of Cayuga, state of New 
York, where all his children were born except the youngest, and where he 
died May 13, 1805. 

John Coomes, son of John and Midwell Coomes, of Enfield, and grand- 
son of Richard and Hepsibah Coomes, was born Dec. 22, 1762, was mar- 
ried Feb. 23, 1784, to Joanna Colton, daughter of Thomas and Deborah 
Colton. Their children — Horace, born April 5,1784. Dolly, born Aug. 
9, 1786. Fannie, born Feb. 17, 1780. John, born April 10, 1792, died 
Sept. 23, 1820, age 28. James, born June 26, 1794, died April 4, 1867, 
age 73. Alexander, born June 18, 1796. Dinah, born April 21, 1799. 
Bela, born March 14, 1802. Elias, born April 26, 1806. Lucy D., born 



162 Longmeadow Families. [April, 

April 18, 1811. Fannie was married May 18, 1809, to Carlos Nichols, 
of West Springfield. 

[Page 118.] Horatio Coomes, of Longmeadow, son of John and Joan- 
na Coomes, was married Aug. 20, 1807, to Ansa B. Amadon, of Wilbra- 
ham. Their children — Horatio, born Oct. 31, 1807. Edmund, born Oct. 
12, 1809. Hannah Coomes, born Jan. 19, 1812, died Oct. 6, 1814 Alon- 
zo Coomes, born Mav 28, 1814. Hannah, born Aug. 1, 1816, died Sept. 
19, 1839.' Nathaniel, born April 1, 1819. Delia 1 ; born May 1, 1821. 
John Dickenson Dudley, Aug. 24, 1823. Elizabeth, born Dec. 1825, died 
March 10, 1832. Charlotte and George, born Aug. 5, 1828. Adeline, 
born Oct. 28, 1830. 

Isaac Corkins, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel Williams Corkins and 
Elizabeth his wife, of Stafford, was married Oct. 18, 1801, to Abigail Hale, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann Hale. Their children — Lovice, born Sept. 
10, 1803, married James Colton. Abigail, born Nov. 22, 1800. Isaac, 
born Oct. 30, 1809. Reuben, born Feb. 21, 1813. Henry Sexton, born 
Feb. 13, 1816. Emeline Calkins, born Sept. 10, 1818. Eliza Ann Cal- 
kins, born Jan. 15, 1821. William, born Sept. 9, 1824. 

Aaron Crane, of Longmeadow, son of Hezekiah and Rachel Crane, of 
East Windsor, was born May 8, 1756, was married June 16, 1778, to Mary 
Barber, daughter of Thomas and Jane Barber. She was born Aug. 14, 
1754. Their children — Polly, born May 16. 1779. Aaron, born March 
24, 1781. Timothy, born Jan. 28, 1783. Ziba, born March 16, 1785. 
Eli, born Aug. 3, 1787. Jane, born Dec. 24, 1789. Lucina, born Aug. 

19, 1792. Elihu, born Nov. 17, 1794. Hezekiah, born Feb. 1, 1797. 
Almira, born July 13, 1799, died Sept. 6, 1808. Aaron the father died 
July 3, 1826, age 70. 

[Page 119.] Edward Crandol, son of Peter and , of Enfield, was 

married April 7, 1757, to Dorcas Bement, daughter of Jonathan and , 

of Enfield. Their children — Edward, bapt. May 15, 1757, died July 2, 
1757. Lucy, born May 21, 1758, died April 12, 1759. Levi, born Feb. 
1, 1760. Lucy, born April 10, 1762, died Jan. 22, 1831, age 69. Still- 
*>orn child, May 4, 1765. Simeon, born May 20, 1766. Mary, born Nov. 

20, 1768. Sarah, born March 5, 1771. Asenah, born Aug. 17, 1773. 
Dorca3 the mother died Dec. 29, 1779. Edward the father married again 
to Sarah Brown, of Coventry. He removed to that town. They had one 
child named Ethan, born August, 1786. Edward the father died Mav, 
1788. 

Levi Crandol, son of Edward and Dorcas Crandol, was married Jau. 27, 
1791, to Aphia Lad, of Franklin, Conn. He died Nov. 22, 1840. Sho 
died Feb. 1, 1835. Their children — Oliva, born Nov. 27, 1791, died Feb. 
10, 1838, age 46. Edward, born July 4, 1794, drowned June 26, 1821. 
Simeon and Levi, born Sept 23, 1796. Simeon died May 14, 1798. Levi 
died April 27, 1798. Levi, born June 3, 1799. Sally, May 30, 1801. 

[Page 120.] Elihu Dwight, son of Capt. Samuel Dwight, was born 
March 22, 1730, and was married to Eunice Horton, daughter of John and 
Mary Horton, of Springfield. Their children — Oliver, born April 14,1769, 
died Aug. 17, 1825. John, born July 12, 1767, died May 23, 1812. Eu- 
nice, born April 15, 1761. Mary, born Jan. 31, 1763. Lucy, born Sept. 
10, 1764. Eunice the mother died May 16, 1801. Polly was married to 
Benjamin Powel, July 9, 1788. Elihu Dwight the father died Dec. 19, 
1810, aged 80 years. 

Oliver Dwight, son of Elihu and Eunice, was married July 2, 1797, to 



1881.] Documents concerning Philip English. 163 

Mehittable Keep, daughter of Mathew and Mehittable Keep. Their child- 
ren — Mehitttable, bom Jan. 5, 1798. Oliver, born Aug. 28, 1799. Daniel, 
born April 22, 1802. John, born Sept. 10, 1803. Eunice, born April 6, 
1807, died Sept. 29, 1813. Henry, bom Feb. 27, 1810. Norman Dwight, 
born Jan. 30, 1815. Oliver the father died Aug. 17, 1825. [Vacant to 
page 122.] 

[To be continued.] 



DOCUMENTS CONCERNING PHILIP ENGLISH. 

Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

THE following documents are from [the Massachusetts State 
Archives, vol. xi. 

The pet n to Hon. Lieut. Gov. Dummer of Mass. Bay, of David Mossom 
Clerk, Minister of the Church of England in Marblehead in behalf of Phi- 
lip English humbly sheweth, 

That the said Philip English having as frequently as he could from the 
first erecting the church at Marblehead resorted to the Public Worship of 
God at the said Church of which sufficient prof has been made to me by 
the Testimony of many Persons before Iliad the Charge of said Church and 
from my becoming Minister thereof for more than six years past, upon my 
own knowledge do declare that he the said Philip English has (during the 
Suiiier season especially) frequently come to Church .... and the 
Reasons of his not coming so constantly as his Inclinations led him was 
the utter impossibility of getting over the ferry on the Lord's day, notwith- 
standing which he the said Philip English was three weeks since committed 
Prisoner to his Maj^ 3 Goal in Salem, and is to this day there closely con- 
fined for non payment of an assessment made for the support of the minis- 
ter of said Town of Salem he in his defence declaring to the collectors 
that he b Jonged to the Church at Marblehead and contributed to the sup- 
port of the minister thereof, and of myself I would further observe to your 
honour that the Collectors having not exacted this Rate of him for five years 
past, no probable Reason can be assigned for their surceasing it but the pre- 
sumption that he did belong to the Church at Marblehead, &c. &c. 

Boston, Feb. 11, 1724. 

Jane English at present of Salem but born in the Isle of Jersey, of full 
age testifyeth & deposeth, that from my arrival in New England five years 
and six months since, having lived in the house of mv uncle M r Philip 
English of Salem, he always professed himself to belong to the Church of 
England at Marblehead, and that he and I went very frequently together 
to the said Church, I having been in full Comunion with the Church in 
Jersey, entered into the same with the church there, & the only thing which 
• prevented our constant going, if in health, was the want of a ferry boat on 
the Lords (day) over the River. 
Salem Ee ry 9 : 1724-5. 

Thomas White ferryman between Marblehead & Salem aged twenty 
(seventy ?) nine years testifieth & saith that I have often heard Mr. Philip 
English of Salem, for the space of six years or more last past declare that 



164 Boicdoin Papers. [April, 

he would so to the Church of England at Marblehead oftener than he did if 
he could and therefore was desirous of agreeing with me to carry him over 
the ferry by the year as often as winds & weather would permit, but I re- 
fused tending the ferry on the Lord's day. 
Salem Feb. 9, 1724-5. 

John Abbot of Salem shoreman aged seventy years testifyeth and depo- 
seth That during my acquaintance of many years with M r Philip English of 
Salem who is now a Prisoner in the said Town Goal, I have heard him the 
said English declare, that he was bred & born in the Comunion of the 
Church of England, and that he would go to no other publick worship 
willingly, and if he had opportunity to go to a Church agreeable to which 
when the Church was erected at Marblehead, he the said English & I have 
frequently gone thither together from that Time down to this, and further 
there lying a ferry between this Town and Marblehead, over which the 
ferryman could by no means be prevailed upon to carry us. every Lords 
day, he the said English has several times spoke to me to be partner with 
him in a Boat that we might go thither constantly to Church. 

Salem Feb" 7 9 : 1724-5. John Abbot. 

The result of this petition was the writing of "Letters to Coll. 
Brown & Coll. Turner, Feb. 12, 1724-5," one of which ran — 

Sir, 

This is by Order of the Honble. the L* Gov r & Council to desire you 
would use your best Endeavours to have the Affair of Mr. English speedily 
compromised & the Man discharged from his Imprisonment ; Well the 
Board apprehend of great Consequence to the General Interest of this 
Province, And that a very ill use will be made of the Proceedings against 
him unless he have some speedy redress. 

I am w th g* Respect Sir, 

Y r humble Serv'. 



* BOWDOIN PAPERS. 

Communicated by Stanley "Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

^I^HE following documents I found some twenty years ago in an 
-*- early volume of the Essex Registry of Deeds. 

They throw some light on the early passage to this country of 
Pierre Boudonin, a Huguenot refugee from Kochelle, the ancestor 
of the Bowdoins, Winthrops and others. 

Salem, Nov. 9, 1G86. 
Know all men by these pr'sents I Peter Bowden in my owne right, & 
as true & lawfull atturney unto John Chadwine being both late of y e city 
Wexford in Ireland & now residentery in Salem in y e county of Essex 
& colony of y e Massathusetts in New England, for & in consideration of y e 
full & just same of forty pounds lawfull & currant money of Sew England, 
to me in hand paid by Capt. John Price, one fourth part John Ruck one 
fourth part, Lt. Thomas Gardner one fourth part, & Charles Redford one 
fourth part at & before y° signing sealing & delivering of these presents, 



1881.] Bote do in Papers. 165 

wherewith I confess myselfe fully sattisfied contented & payd, have in my 
owne right three quarters & as attorney unto Jno. Chadwine aforesd in his 
right one quarter bargained & sold . . . unto ye aforesd . . 
merchants one barque or small ship of burdhen about twenty tuns, be she 
more or less, caled ye John lately of Dublin & there recorded according to 
instrument baring date in Dublin Julv 17 th Anno: Dom: 1684, To have & 
to hold ... ye hull of sd. barque or ship, with all her masts, yards, 
riggin, sales, cables, & anchors, with all other appurtenances of any kind 
now belonging unto y e sd. barque or att her first arrival in y e harbour in 
Salem, . . . further I y e sd Bodouin for myselfe & as atturney to 
John Chadeayn aforesaid . . . will give possession. ... I have 
hereunto sett my hand & seale this 2 d November Ann: Dom: 1GS6, An- 
noque Kegni Regis Domini Nostri Jacobi Secundi Secundo. 

Peter Baudouin & a seale. 

Signed, sealed, ...... in ye pr'sence of us. 

Samuell Beadle. 
Robert Bartoll. 

Salem, November 11 th 1686. 

Peter Baudouin personally appearing acknowledged . . . before me 

Bartholomew Gedxey, one of his Majesties 
Councill for his Territory & dominion of New England. 

Port Wexford. 

Know yee y* Peter Bodwin merchant hath here laden on bord 

A seale. ye John of Dublin Alie Rambert Mr. for Pensilvania hence : 

nineteene barrells of beef, two tunns of shipp beer two hundred 

w't. of butter, two hundred w't. chees, halfe a hundred w't. can- 

A seale. dies, one barrell peas, one barrell of beanes, twenty hundred w't. 

bread, forty yards frize, for all which his Majesties duties has 

been payed as witness our hands & seals of Office, this sixth day 

of May one thousand, six hundred eighty and six. 1686. 

Richard Nixon 

Custo. M r & Comp*. Cjesar Colclough* ColF. 

To all to whorne these pr'sents shall come : 

Sir Humphrey Jarvis Knt. Lord Mayor of y e city of Dublin send greet- 
ing : Know yee & I doe hereby certifie y* John Chadeyne master of ye 
John of Dublin, Peter Arondos & Peter Rolos, mariners, came over from 
France by reason of ye persecution, and by vertue of an act of parliament 
are admitted amongst us as inhabitants of this city, enjoying ye privilid^es 
& imunities of free born subjects of this Kingdom. 

Given under my hand & the seall of y e Mayoralty of this city, 6 th July : 
1682. 

A seale. Humph: Jarvis. 

with this inscription 
Sigillum Maioratus 
Civitatis Dubiini. 

* Pronounced " Cokelcy " in Wexford I found in 1874. The family burying-groand is 
not far from Tintern Abbey in the same county. 

YOL. XXXV. 5 



I 



166 Deposition of Henry Mare. [April, 

Fort Dublin. 

Pursuant to an act of Parliament, made in ye 12 th yeare of his Maiestaies 
raigne entituled an act for y e encouraging and encreas of shipping & navi- 
gation : whereas it is required that all forraigne built ships y* shall be deem- 
ed or have ye benefit of a ship to England, Ireland, Wales, or towne of Bar- 
wick or any of them, shall first be made appear to the officers of y e customs 
of y e next port to the place of his or their aboad, by ye personall oathe of 
ye owners and proprietors thereof, that she doth really belong to them, 
& no part of her doth either directly or indirectly belong to forraigners: 
now Know ye that Peter Bodouin a protestant stranger and made a deni- 
sen of this city of Dublin pursuant to y e act of parliament in y* case made 
and provided, & now inhabitant of ye town of Wexford, came this day be- 
fore us & hath deposed on ye Holy Evangelists y l ye Ship or barque now 
caled ye John of Dublin, whereof John Chadeayne is master, being a for- 
raigne built ship, being twenty tunn burthen or thereabouts, doth wholy & 
solely belong to him ye said Peter Baudouin & that no foraigner hath 
any share or part of her ; wherefore ye sd. ship John of 

Dublin is to be reputed a ship really belonging to Dublin, and is to enjoy 
as much benefit & privilidge as any ship belonging to Ireland : wittness 
our hands & seals of otfice, this 17 th day July 1G84, & in ye thirty-sixth 
yeare of ye raigne of our Soveraigne Lord, Charles ye second, of England 
&c. King. Sylyanus Stirrop 

W m Airy D. Sur r Gen'l and 

D. Cust. & Coll' D. Com r 

& a seale. & a seale. 

Salem, November: 15: 1686. 

I doe acknowledge by these presents, I constiued my atturney Mr. Peter 
Bodouin my friend, and give him power to sold the quart: belonging to me 
of y e good ship called y e John of Dublin, under 30 tunn or thereabout, for 
ruch price as y e sd. Bodoin shall think fitt, & to receive the money & given 
receipt of it, & I will approved of ye same, in Salem the 15 th of October, 
1686. John Chadeayne & a seall. 

Wittnis present 
Loeneuef 
John Baudouin. 



Deposition of Henry Mare. — The following deposition is copied from the Suf- 
folk County Court files : 

Henry Mare aged 33 yeares or thereabouts testifieth & saith that I heard M r Na- 
thaniell Patten of Dorchester now deceased) say upon his death bed that hce had 
given to his Cousen Benjamin Beale all that at Boston com'only called by the name 
of Halsys* wharf'e & that liee should haue all that hee had at Dorchester after that 
hee & his wife was dead & further this Deponent saith that hee heard m r Nathaniel] 
Patten say that hee would not give to his Cousen Thomas Patten nor to his brother 
•John Patten any thing of his Estate & further saith not. 

Sworn in Court Feb^: 1: 1672 
Attest I. A. C. 

This is a true Coppie of the Originall on file. 

as Attests Is a Addington Cler. 






c 
y 
£t 
o 

c 

E t- 



S3 



w 



o 

oo 

o 

M 

I 

-( 

o 

M 



7J 



o 
o 

V 



-c o 

O H 

q c 



C M 

y I 
.—.CO 
in 
O 



c 




y 








■»-» 




tn 


^—^ 


pi 


O 


J2 


M 


vl> 


r^» 


CO 


H 
1 


y 


1 

o 


Cu 


ir> 


D. 


O 



ffl 



n 



4> - 

■2 a 

•-co 



CQ 



crt 



O 
sO 



ss 



H-5 

., y 

- N 



■S ^w 



>-i CM 



en 



Ul 

rt 

5 



rt 

x o 

«-> co 



n 



w 



e« £V, 



C 

o 



c 

< 



£2 


«k 


u 


M 


Ti 


ob. 

rant 

rica 


X 

c 


. 3 


fee y 


£Q- 


31 J 


x 


— y < 


rt 


j 


u. 


J » 


re 


«j= 


CO 



c 
o 

en 



X* 

-2 e^ 

M C 

— y 

y 

— CO 



c r^ 

x 7 



o 



y 



c 

X 

o 



y 

— 
y 

s 



s 

rt 



y zz 



y 



X C ■"" ' 

A "P 

r > 3 

w rt 

"u 

s 



o o 

1*8 

co c 

— < 



re 

c 

■5 '5 

X . W 



w 



CO 



15 
y 

y 



o 

c 



u 



o 

- E 

X 

— s 





jx 


c 


t- 


c 


ci 


< 


.5 


>> 


e e 




s 


'> 




y 




K-l 




• 

c 




o 








bfi 




c . 




w c 




c o 


e 


= ±2 


X 

c 


E~^ 


►— > 


S « 




</> 




.2 '5 




— o 




Wj 




» 




■*-) ** 




1/5 XI 




H W 




^T3 




.5 i 




•»*« 




U 1—4 




WW 


"rt 


.o. w 


u, 


— 1— 


a 


c c y 


co 


o c 


— 


3? 




- rt 




HO 






S»1 

y 



i .6 



rt S 



a 



X 

o 
y 

rt 



-a 



r. O 
— o 

in g^S, 

rt 

X 
y 

s 



c 




o 




U3 


• 


C 


^*. 


X 


O 


o 


.O 


D 


Ex 




rt 


rt 


u 


-3 
o 


rt 
CO 



y 
c 
rt 



X 

3 E 
ri 

-6 2 

in ~ 

o o 



y x 
o 



•5 g o 



rt -c 



y 

c 
rt 

y «- 

^ z. rt 

y x c 

n be - 

W 3 - 

c « c 
y 



y 



y 
— j 
to 

rt 



y 

C y rt 
a w c 

C ^^ y ^* ^z^ 



u 

c 
fa y 

Sr o 



x 

"o.S 

yi^" 

c y • 



> u 



x y "5 ° r; JM 



-^a^ o 



w 



y 
be 

-a 

3 



ox! E? 

re rt q-^ W> 

— »"0 rt M > 
CCO 



y 



y 



C 



X 

E 

rt 



u 



(XCJ 



c 
c 



y 
C 

O t3 



tr^- E^ o c 

3 .2 y c »* C 

rt Q X X ^ C >> 

-^ e* • y _= 

-.2 > 



2 rt b > 
-^co 



c 
y 
> 
rt 



> 

y 

o 





rt 
CO 



y 

-a y 
e-o 

rt CJ 

¥3 



o 

rt 
"y 

5 



y 
y 

y 
"a 



t« T 3 x 

c 

O - w. 

« O o 

2 . y 



rt 
X 
X 



y 



j; O — y 



r 1 - 



O rt S c w 



rt 2 



v. 



fee s x *E - 






■- fe <I Q- it: 



y 



v- -a 
o %. 



y 



» .2> 
o 



C P^ 



c 
> 

y 
2 Z 



■a ^ 






y 



a c 

. y 
x . - 

y > 



2= « - « f "2 « < 



o 



C « 



rt 

X 

O 



2 
o 



O 
c 



a 

CO 



rt 
O 

u 



3 
X 
t/; 

^ . « 
y CCO 
> 



w 



rt 



^^^uAM^i*i^***^ 






> 

3 
3 
P 



o 

o 



»0 



- > 



> O 






•ws^—em 



c 
o 

3 
< 



M 

cx> 



S 2: 



C/l 





p 


O 


cr 


•— • 


o> 


c» 


^* 


,^— ^ 


p g 
>• 


M 




>-i 


M 


3 


1 


O 


>-f 


^■^ 


LTX 


3> 


4^ 


a 


-P» 



•a 



cr 
p 

3 



o 
< 

p 

3 
3 
p 

o 
o 
a> 

o 



r. 
■s. 
v. 
P 

3 



3 3 



vO 



to 

O 



Si 



-1 





p 



3 

. p 

a 

c 
c 

3 
< 



C6 



4* 
•^4 



p 

3 

o 

CD 
to 
o 
P 



o 

05 



2 £ 



O 

O 



o 



to 



o 

o_ 

en 3 



r 

c 



C/2 

o 





c 



p 

03 



CD 



> 




rs 


> 


'j; 


~i 


V- 


i-l 


P 


.— • 




OP 


C- 





-1 




O 










O 


to 


O 


p— ^ 


*J 


r 


2: 


D 


w 


> 


r 


►j 


1— i 


ft 





d 















?> 






>— * 


t-H 
z 





>-( 








> 





t-i 



■ 









V 

























1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 167 




MR. WILLIAM DIODATE (OF NEW HAVEN FROM 1717 TO 
1751) AND HIS ITALIAN ANCESTRY. 

Abstract of a Paper read before the New Hayen Colony 
Historical Society, June 28, 1875, with some Additions. 

By Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, LL.D., of New Haven, Conn. 

"THEN, in the year 1821, it bad been decided to obliterate from the 
? Public Square all traces of the ancient burial-ground of New 
Haven, among the monuments removed to the Cemetery on Grove 
Street, were those, as a contemporaneous document* informs us, of Mr. 
William Diodate and his relict Sarah. To preserve the memory of certain 
interesting facts connected with this name, which have been lately brought to 
light — carrying us back, through England and Switzerland, to the Italy of 
the Middle Ages, the following paper has been prepared. 

It will be proper to begin with bringing together a few items from New 
Haven records, respecting William Diodate himself, for which we are in- 
debted to researches of the late Henry White, of all New-Haveners of 
recent times the most familiar with the history of his native town. The 
first notice of William Diodate, in our town-records, is in 1717, when a 
deed of land to him, dated April 23, 1717, is recorded. On the 4th of 
March, 1719-20, he purchased half an acre on the corner of Elm and 
Church streets, where the ' { blue meeting-house" afterwards stood — which he 
sold Jan. 7, 1720-1. He was married Feb. 16, 1720-1, to Sarah Dunbar, 
daughter of John Dunbar, of New Haven, by his first wife, whose name 
is unknown ; and in the month of May following he purchased his home- 
lot, on State street, on the south-west corner of what is now Court street, 
containing lj acre, w T ith a house and a small barn on it, for £100. In 
1728-9, Feb. 24, he purchased a vacant lot adjoining, next south, contain- 
ing If acre, for £75 ; and about the year 1735 several tracts of outlands 
were added to his real estate. His will, dated May 26, 1747, with a codi- 
cil dated March 9, 1748-9, was proved on the 13th of May, 175-1, in which 
year, therefore, he probably died ; for, though the grave-stone of his " relict " 
Sarah, who survived him several years, still exists,f his own has not been 
found, so that the exact death of his death is not ascertained. Thus much is 
an outline of what the town-records tell us with regard to our subject. 
From the records of the First Church of New Haven we also learn that 
he made profession of his Christian faith on the 20th of March, 1735, under 
the ministry of Rev. Joseph Noyes ; and that his wife had joined the same 
church more than twenty years before, on the 16th of April, 1713, several 
years before her marriage ; a tankard which, till within a short time, made 
part of the communion-service of plate owned by the First Church, was her 
gift, and bore her name. 

An item of special interest to us in the will of William Diodate and the 
inventory connected with it, is the following : " Item — all such books as I 

* Proceedings of the City of New Haven in the Removal of Monuments from its An- 
cient Burying Ground, etc.," New Haven, 1S22, p. 26. 

t The inscription on her gravestone reads as follows : " In memory of Mrs. Sarah 
Diodate, relict of Mr. William Diodate, who departed this life the 25th of April, 1764, in 
the 7oth year of her age." 



168 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

shall die possessed off, which shall have the following Lattin words wrote 
in them with my own hand-writing, viz. : ' Usque quo, Domine,' I give and 
devise unto my said son-in-law Mr. Stephen Johnson, to use and improve 
during his natural life, and at his death I give and devise y e same to my 
grandson Diodate Johnson, to be at his dispose forever." Seventy-six 
volumes, mostly theological works, were thus bequeathed, valued at £20. G. 7 
— certainly, in themselves, a remarkable collection of books for that time, 
fitted to awaken curiosity respecting its possible origin ; and this the more 
when one notices, bv the inventory, that among these volumes were " Mr. 
Diodatu's Annotations," and " Le Mercier's History of Geneva.'"* Could 
it be, one might ask, that the author of those Annotations, the celebrated 
divine of Geneva, of the time of the Reformation, was a relative of our New 
Haven testator of the same name ? and did William Diodate, one might 
further inquire, make an heirloom of his library, as the words of his will 
imply, not only on account of its being so rarely large for a hundred and 
twenty-five years ago, but also on account of family-associations with it ? and 
was the sentiment, expressed by the motto which he wrote in each volume, an 
inheritance of the spirit of ancestors who had with "long patience" strug- 
gled for freedom of faith, in those times of conflict and peril ? An affirma- 
tive answer to the first of these inquiries, which suggested itself, indeed, 
some time since, to one of the descendants of our William Diodate, but 
which we are now first able to make on satisfactory grounds, almost inevita- 
bly leads to the same reply to all of them. 

It is to be noticed, further, that his residence in the colony of Connecti- 
cut must have dated from a yet earlier period than that of the first appear- 
ance of his name on the town-records of New Haven ; for a copy of Dr. 
Diodati's Annotations, presented to the Collegiate School at Saybrook in 
1715, was his gift: possibly, he may have been drawn to New Haven by 
a hereditary appreciation of academic learning, as well as by the new busi- 
ness-life growing out of the first establishment of the college here ; the 
very year in which he is first heard of in New Haven was that of the re- 
moval of the Collegiate School from Savbrook, and its beginning here, to be 
known — from the next vear onward — as Yale College. 

Crossing, now. to the shores of England, whither the personal history of 
this old New-Havener carries us, we take with us, as our chief thread of 
connection, some records, still existing in a Bible which belonged to 
William Diodate in the year 1728, in his own hand-writing, which inform us 
that his father's name was John, and his mother the eldest daughter of John 
Morton, Esq., by Elizabeth, only child of John Wicker, and the wid- 
ow of Alderman Cranne (as we read) of London ; and that he had a 
brother John, older than himself, and a sister Elizabeth. t I" addition to 
these records, we have the accepted family-tradition that, after having been 
in America for some years, without communication with his relatives in the 

* Rev. Andrew Le Mercier came to thi^ country in 171-5, and became the pastor of a 
French Protestant church in Bo-ton. " In 1732 he published a minute and interesting his- 
tory of the Geneva Church, in five book-, 12rno., 200 pages ; also, in the same volume, 
* A Geographical and Political Account of the Republick of Geneva,' 76 pages." See New 
Engl. Hist, and Geneal. Register, xiii. 315-24, 

f The record stands thus: " William Diodate's Rook, August 24, 1723. The owners of 
this Bible have been : 1. Mr. John Wicker; 2. Alderman Cranne of London, who mar- 
ried his only child ; 3. John Morton, Enquire, her second husband; 4. Mr. John Diodate, 
who married his eldest daughter; 5. John Diodate, M.D., his eldest son; G. Elizabeth 
Diodate, his sister, and by her given to 7. William. Diodate, her brother, Aug. y e 24, 1728, 
and by him given to his dear and only child [so far in W. D.'s hand-writing] ; 8. Eliza- 
beth Diodate, who was married July 2G, 1744, to Mr. Stephen Johnston, of Newark in Est 
Jersie, etc. etc." 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 169 

old country, he at length went back, and found his father and brother had 
died, and that he himself had been supposed to be dead, so that his claims 
to property, as a member of the family, were set aside ; whereupon he ac- 
cepted from his sister, by way of compromise, an offer " to supply his store in 
New Haven with goods as Ions: as she lived," which she did, not onlv during 
his lifetime, but afterwards, while his widow lived, who continued the busi- 
ness ; and we also have the will of the sister, under her married name of Eliza- 
beth Scarlett, dated Feb. 23. 17 68, in which large bequests are made to the 
daughter of her deceased brother in New England and her children. These 
materials for tracing the ancestry of our subject were put into the hands of 
the distinguished American antiquary Col. Joseph L. Chester, long resident 
in London ; who added to them others, of great value, from wills and let- 
ters of administration recorded in Doctors' Commons, and from the records 
of several London Parishes, etc. 

Meanwhile, recourse was had, also, to a branch of the Diodati family 
still residing in Geneva, through the kind intervention of Rev. Dr. Leonard 
W. Bacon, now of Norwich. Conn., formerly a sojourner in that city — 
which led to the discovery there of a large mass of most interesting family- 
papers, distinctly showing the Diodatis to have been an old Italian family, 
tracing back their history to Lucca, in the Middle Ages, and marking the 
race as one of high rank, in all its generations, with so many individual 
names of distinction belonging to it as have rarely appertained to a single 
family ; preserving, too, in honor, the memory of an English offset, though 
without knowledge of the American branch. We owe the privilege of using 
these papers chiefly to Mr. Gabriel C. Diodati, of Geneva, who most 
courteously met and furthered the inquiries of our friend Mr. Bacon, be- 
sides assisting us otherwise. This friend also sent us a Life of John Dio- 
dati (Vie de Jean Diodati, Theologien Genevois, 1576-1649) by E. de 
Bude, Lausanne, 1369 — from which we have derived further aid in tracing 
"William Diodate's descent. We have drawn, also, from a Dutch mono- 
graph : Jean Diodati. door Dr. D. G. J. Schotel, 's Gravenhage, 1844, to 
which De Bude refers for details, which is, evidently, the basis of his own 
publication, and for which the author had the Use of family-papers. David 
L. Gardiner, Esq., connected with the Diodati family by his marriage, 
lately a resident of Geneva, now of New Haven, has also aided our 
investigations. 

Our information from all sources harmonizes so satisfactorily that no 
essential fact would seem to be wanting. But the settlement of the nearer 
ancestry of our subject is mainly due to a happy combination suggested by 
Col. Chester. 

The most ancient records of the Diodatis tell us that the first of their 
race who settled in Lucca, Cornelio by name, came there from Coreglia in 
the vear 1300.* Whether he came as one of the nobility, or the old landed 
proprietors, to throw the weight of his influence on that side, in the great 
strife for power in the Italian cities, between those who held the soil and 
those whose claims to consideration were based only on the possession of 
wealth acquired by commerce, we are not informed. But, inasmuch as within 
the last twenty years of the 13th century, according to Sismondi,f that strife 
for power had ended with the absolute exclusiou of the nobility from all 

* Coreglia is a small ca-:le-town with dependent territory, on the torrent-worn declivity 
of the Appenines, about twenty miles north of Lucca : s. Repetti* Dizion. Gcogr. Eisico 
Storico del la Toscana, i. 7i)6 tf. 

f Histoire des Republiques Italienaes du Moyen Age, iv. 16-L 

VOL. XXXV. 15* 



170 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

control in the republics of Italy ; and as we find the representative of the 
fourth generation of Diodatis of Lucca, named Michele, to have been an 
Ancient, or one of the Supreme Signoria, four times Gonfalonier, i. e. the 
Chief Magistrate of the republic, and a Decemvir in 1370 (the very 
year of a revival of popular liberty in Lucca, after fifty-six years of servi- 
tude through the prevalence of the Ghibelliue party), while his father, 
Alessandro, seems to be remembered only as a physician — the probability 
is that what led to the oriental settlement of the family in Lucca was no 
ambition to assert prescriptive right, but rather that new sense of widening 
opportunity for the improvement of one's condition and culture, which then 
animated Italian city-life, and was destined, under the favoring circum- 
stances of the age, to bring upon the theatre of history all those names 
which have added most to the glory of Italy iu art and learning. 

The year 1300. indeed, is memorable not only as marking an important 
political and social crisis, but as a noteworthy epoch in the history of Ita- 
lian architecture, painting and poetry. From 1*204 to 1300, the year in 
which he died, Arnolfo was directing the construction of the Santa Maria 
del Fiore, the cathedral-church of Florence, of which the dome was after- 
wards completed by Brunelleschi ; about the year 1300, Andrea Pisano 
was at work on his gates of the Baptistery of Pisa ; Giotto, too, was pass- 
ing from his shepherd-iife, to carry into the art of painting a new inspira- 
tion derived from converse with simple nature ; and that same year was the 
time when Dante wended his way amid the soul-harrowing and soul-absorb- 
ing scenery of the regions of the dead. Evidently, the age was preeminent 
for intellectual movement ; and it is not a little interesting to associate with 
this movement, as we so naturally mav, the corning in of our Diodatis to take 
part in the city-life of Lucca, who were, in generations to come, not only 
there but in foreign lands, to prove themselves an eminently stirring race, 
by public services, literary, professional, civil, military and diplomatic, in 
eminent positions in State and Church, almost always on the side of liberty 
and truth. 

Passing over the son of the Decemvir of 1370, Dr. Nicolo Diodati, who 
died in 1442, we come to a generation of fifteen children of his, by mar- 
riage with Francesca di Poggio, among whom the third bv birth, named 
Michele, born in 1410, who married Caterina Buonvisi, was a professor in 
Padua and Pisa — probably of medicine, and afterwards a physician in 
Lucca, where he was pensioned on 300 livres by the city ; and another, 
Antonio, born in 1416. held the office of Ancient, and was Gonfalonier in 
1461. 

The race seems to have been continued only through Alessandro, son of 
the Professor Michele, born In 1459 ; his son Geronimo. born in 1465, who 
was an eminent literary man, and nine times Ancient, having died childless, 
and no descendants of his third son, Antonio, who was three times Ancient 
and four times Gonfalonier, being named. Alessandro was repeatedly Gon- 
falonier from 1494 : the mother of his children was Angela Balbani, whom 
he married in 1510, she being then fifteen years old, and he fifty-one. 
Now began those encroachments upon the fair domain of liberty and culture 
in Italy by foreign powers, which culminated in the overthrow of Italian 
independence under the Emperor Charles 5th in the middle of the 1 Oth 
century. But with this new political influence from beyond the Alps there 
came, also, the seeds of evangelical truth; and " in the first half of the 
16th century," by the blessing of God upon the zealous labors of the eru- 
dite and devout Peter Martyr Yermigli, says De Bude, " no city of Italy 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 171 

counted so many devoted evangelical Christians as the capital of the repub- 
lic of Lucca ; "* and a reformed church was founded there, which the Dio- 
dati family was known to favor, though, apparently, without an open de- 
parture from the old fold until a somewhat later period. 

In 1541, the Emperor Charles 5th and Pope Paul 3d had their memora- 
ble interview at Lucca on the affairs of Germany, the emperor being then 
in the mood to favor Protestantism for his own ambition's sake ; when Mi- 
chele Diodati, one of several sons of the last named Alessandro, born in 
1510, was Gonfalonier, and, as the family-tradition runs, lodged the empe- 
ror in his palace, i. e. the palace of the Signoria. Just then was born to 
the chief magistrate of the republic his third son, by his wife Anna, daugh- 
ter of Martino Buonvisi ; the emperor, continues the tradition of the family, 
stood godfather to this child, baptized by the pope, and gave him his own 
name, together with the lordship of two counties, and a quartering from 
the imperial arms, and, on his departure, left behind him for the child one 
of his insignia of diamonds which he wore about his neck.t This Carolo 
Diodati was sent in his youth to Lyons, to serve an apprentisage in one of 
the banking-houses of the Buonvisi, his mother's family ; became a fre- 
quenter of the reformed preaching there, and at heart a Protestant ; but 
the massacre of St Bartholomew drove him out of France, and he took 
refuge in Geneva, where he was tenderly received and entertained by the 
„,.„„pasxor of the church of Italian refugees, already established there, Nicolo 
Balbani, was admitted into the church, became a citizen of Geneva on the 
29th of December, 1572, and contracted a second marriage with Marie 
daughter of Vincenzo Mei,$ by whom he had four sons, Joseph, Theodore, 
Jean and Samuel, and three daughters, Anne, Marie and Madeleine. 

* De Bude, p. 10. 

f In J. B. Rietstap's Armorial General, Gondo, 1861, we find the following : "Deodatt 
— Lueques, Suisse, Ncerl. Part: au 1 de gu. un lion d'or; au 2 fasce d'or et de gu. ; C: le 
lion, iss. ; D: Deus dedit." A family-document preserved at Geneva informs us with re- 
spect toGiulio Diodati, grandson of a brother of that Michele who entertained the Empe- 
ror Charles in his palace, that " L'Empereur [Ferdinand 2d] pour reconnoitre les grands 
ct importants services qu'il lui avait rendus, le fit comte, et que, si'l ne se marioit pas, le 
titre passeroit a ses collateraux, et permit a la famille d'augmenter leurs armes d'une dou- 
ble aigle Imperiale " — forming, accordingly, the background and crest in a blazon of the 
Diodati arms which is attached to a Patent of Joseph 2d, presently to be mentioned. An 
older coat, identical with Rietstap's description, except that the left of the shield, in he- 
raldic language, is barry of six pieces, instead of fesse or and gules, is still to be seen, in 
stone, over the door of a palace in Lucca, now known as the Orsetti, which must, there- 
fore, have been the old home of the family ; and the point of difference here indicated may 
show, perhaps, what was the quartering granted by Charles 5th. The family in Geneva, at 
the present time, use the arms of which an engraving is given with this paper, substan- 
tially the same with the blazon in the Patent of Joseph 2d, though slightly differing from 
that in the execution of details, and believed by the family to be so far more correct: the 
terms of the grant to Giulio Diodati by Ferdinand 2d would seem to authorize any 
branch of the family to use the imperial double eagle as part of their arms. 

X From a note already printed in the R-egister for April, 1878, is extracted the following 
account of the Mei family, given by one of the family of May. 

" The Mey family of Lucca is entirely alien to us, as is easily proved by the difference of 
name (theirs being Mey or Mei, ours dei Maggi) and of origin (they coming from Lucca, 
we from Brescia), by the different coats of arms (their escutcheon being divided into two 
parts, the upper of deep blue, the lower of deep yellow, with a hunted wild-boar in the 
middle), and by the entire absence of associations. . . . There came from the Republic 
of Lucca [in January, 1735] a document signed by the Grand Chancellor, which contained 
the testimony of the Government of Lucca that the Mei family was counted as one of the 
nobility, that several members of it had been Grand Councillors, Ancients and Gonfalo- 
niers, among others, Blaise, Laurence, Emile and Philippe. It was added that on the 21st 
of January, 1628, there had been made a catalogue of the noble families of Lucca, in which 
the Meis were included. . . . The Mei family expatriated itself fram Lucca in the middle 
of the sixteenth century, for religion's sake. Biagio (Blaise) Mei established himself in 
1544 as a merchant at Lyons. His son Vincenzo, married to a daughter of Martino 
Bernardini, came to Geneva in 15<J0, together with one of his relatives named Cesare, who 



172 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

But, before we pursue the fortunes of this branch of the family, which 
especially interests us, on account of descendants of the name in Eng- 
land and America, three other lines claim our notice. First, Michele 
the Gonfalonier of 1541 had a brother 2sicolo, born in 151"_\ who 
married Elisabeta daughter of Gerbnimo Arnolrini, and by her b" J a son, 
Pompeio, born in 1542, "qui Poinpeius " to quote a family jcument 
" Catholica pejerata Fide, Genevam se contulit." Pompeio ' s married 
in Italy to Laura daughter of Giuliano Calandrini, and settle at Geneva 
with his wife and mother in 1575,* all having previoiv y joined the 
reformed congregation which originated at Lucca under r'eter Martyr, 
and having been compelled to quit their native land, with other families, by 
the new zeal of Pius 5th in league with Philip 2d.f As to the descend- 
ants of Pompeio Diodati, beside a son Eli, who became an eminent jurist, 
he had a son Alessandro, who was a distinguished physician, at one 
time physician in ordinary to Louis 13th of France, who himself had 
a son Jean, and a grandson Gabriel; and in 1719 this Gabriel re- 
ceived from Louis 15th, " by the grace of God King of France and 
Navarre," a patent still preserved in the family, recognizing the Diodatis 
as one of the most ancient and noble families of Lucca, which for several 
centuries had held the honors and dignities peculiar to nobility, and allied 
itself with noble families in Lucca and Geneva, without having ever dero- 
gated from its dignity ; and empowering them, accordingly, to hold certain 
lands in the Pays de Gex, which th2y could not enjoy without the royal 
grant. Possibly these lands are the same, or in part the same, which, as 
we shall see, had been bequeathed by a grandson of the namesake of Charles 
5th, who had died thirty-nine years before, a bachelor, to whichever of his 
nephews should go to Geneva to live : neither of them having fulfilled this 
condition, and his will not having provided for the case, the bequest lapsed ; 
and a royal grant may have been, consequently, applied for, in favor of a 
collateral branch of the family. In the latter half of the last century, 

had been of the Grand Council of Lucca from 15 14 to 1548, and twice acted as Ancient. The 
wife of Cesare was named Peilegrina Galgaretti. In 1560 Vincenzo Mei became a citizen 
of Geneva, where other families of Lucca, the Torrettini, Micheli, Burlamachi and the Pas- 
savanti, had settled contemporaneously with the Meis. Lucca had been for some time the 
last refuge of the Gospel in Italy, and it was from rhis city that the Jesuits drove away the 
families that maintained the most independence, and which were, in part, also of the 
noblest stocks of Italy. Vincenzo Mei became a member of the Grand Council of Geneva 
in 156S. Horatio was one of his six children, who, on the 1st of January, 1596, was called 
to Berne to make an attempt to establish the silkworm in the Canton de Vaud. This same 
Horatio is reckoned among the celebrities of Lvons as a merchant or manufacturer of silk 
stuffs ; I think he was also made a citizen of Berne. After some time the Meis became 
extinct in Geneva ; the last of the name in Lucci, of the male line, Ornofrio, bishop of 
Bisignano, died in 1664." 

The Vincenzo Mei here named is doubtless the father of Marie M. who was married to 
Carolo Diodati. 

* Schotel, p. 125. 

t "The emigrations be^an from the year 1555. They were favored by the habit of trav- 
elling, at different times in the year, to which the Luccans were compelled bv their multi- 
plied commercial relations. Among the first to exile themselves were Vincenzo Mei, 
Philippo Rustici, Paolo Arnolrini, Nicolu Balbani, Francesco Micheli, Maria Mazzei, 
Christoforo Trenta, Guglielmo Balbani, Scipione Calandrini, Vincenzo del Muratori, and 
their families, who were followed successively by Paolo Minutoli, Simone Simoni, 
Salvatore Franceschi, Antonio L ; ena, Giuseppe Jova and Virginio Sbarra. The Buonvisis, 
the Diodatis, the Saladinis, the Cenamis, the Turretini, and many others, did not leave 
till later."— -Kyriard, Lucca et les Burlamacchi, Pari-, 1848, p. 95. This writer well adds, 
p. 202: " In exiling her children Lucca degraded herself just in proportion as Geneva wis 
exalted in opening to them her traterf. The life of the one of these two republics seems 
to pass into that of the other. The cardinal Giulio Spinola, bishop of Lucca, was him- 
self alarmed at this decadence, when in 1679 he wrote to the Luccan refugees in Geneva, 
to beg them to return to their country." 



1881.] William Diodale and his Italian Ancestry. 173 

however, a lineal descendant of one of those nephews built the castle of 
Vernier, in the bailiwick of Gex — probably, therefore, on the Gex estate 
of the Diodatis, which, at his death, was sold, and soon after passed, by a 
second sale, to the Naville family, who hold it now. The " uilder of the 
Diodati villa, a little way np lake Leman from Geneva, whi was occupied 
by Lord Byron, and is still in the family, was a Gabriel L lati, probably 
the same who received this grant from Louis 15th. Th> line of direct 
descent from Pompeio Diodati came to an end, by the death f Count Jean 
Diodati, in 1807.* 

Next is to be noted, that Pompeio Diodati had a brother Nicolo, who, in 
the family-records, appears as having attained to high digi.ities under the 
new order of things in Italy (though at one time, apparently, an emigrant 
to Geneva for religion's sake),f and had, beside many other children, two 
sons, Giovanni and Giulio, of whom the former became a Knight Templar 
aud Prior of Venice, and the latter a " Summus Copiarum Pra;fectus," or 
Major General, of the Emperor Ferdinand 2d. the Catholic, the leader of 
the Catholic party in the beginning of the Thirty Years' War, as appears 
from the inscription on a monument in the Church of St. Augustine in 
Lucca. This branch of the family, also, is now extinct. 

Another branch of the family which retained its hold upon the old home 
in Italy, and possessed a long inheritance of worldly honors, came of Otta- 
viano Diodati, a brother of the namesake of the Emperor Charles 5th, born 
in 1555, who married, at Genoa, Eleonora di Casa Nuova. He himself 
was Gonfalonier in 1G20 ; his son, Lorenzo, held the same dignity in 1G51 ; 
his grandson Ottaviano, in 1G69; his great-grandson Lorenzo was repeat- 
edly Gonfalonier and minister to various European courts ; his great-great- 
grandson Ottaviano, having been, first, in holy orders, was afterwards Sena- 
tor and Ancient'; and the son of this last Ottaviano, another Lorenzo, was 
" Praefectus Militum," or General, to Charles 3d of Spain, whose reign 
covered the vears from 1759 to 1788. During the sixteenth century the 
republic of Lucca still maintained its independence, but under a republican 
form of government aristocracy ruled ; the seventeenth century, under the 
malign influence of Spanish absolutism, was a time of universal moral, 
intellectual and political death to Italy, which Lucca could not escape by 
attempting, as she did, to hide herself from observation under an enforced 
silence, with a law forbidding the publication of any facts of her history ; 
and the same reserve and withdrawal from all active concern for the na- 
tional honor, was even more marked as the eighteenth century came and 
passed.:}: Such are the historical facts in the light of which the honors of 
the Diodatis during this period are to be interpreted. The generalship 
under Charles 3d of Spain is*also significant, as showing that one of the 
family, at that time, was readv to sacrifice even what little remained of the 
life of his country to the will of the alien oppressor. The second Lorenzo 
of this branch had also, already, allied himself with Spain, for his wife wa9 
Isabella daughter of a noble Catalan named Bellet. In this connection 
may be mentioned, further, that " there is in the possession of the family 

* This Count Diodati was born in 1732, and is doubtless the "Count Deodati, ambassa- 
dor from the Elector of Saxony," who had an interview with John Adams at Paris, in 
1781, in which he warned him of the ingratitude of republics, ending with the words: 
" Your virtue must be very heroical, or your philosophy very stoical, to undertake all those 
adventures, with your eyes open, for such a reward." Evidently, he had lost the patriotic 
traditions of his family.— See Works of John Adams, ix. 614-15. 

t De Bude, p. 1 16 ; and Schotel, p. 7. 

I Hist. d. Ilepubl. Ital., xvi. 207 ff., 220, 274, 284 ff. 



! 



174 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

[in Geneva] a superb folio, bound in crimson velvet, of fourteen pages of 
.vellum, with the imperial seal of Joseph 2d [1765-90] hanging from it in 
a gilt box, which recites the dignities of the Diodati family in magnifi- 
cent terms, and confirms to it the title of Count of the Empire. One 
of the pages is occupied with a fine illumination of the family-arms, the 
shield being placed on the imperial eagle.* 

Returning, now, to take up the thread of our story where we dropped it, 
at the mention of the names of the children of Carolo Diodati, the name- 
sake of the Emperor Charles 5th — as to his daughters, they allied them- 
selves, severally, with the families Burlamaqui, OrFredi and Pellissari, all 
doubtless fellow-exiles with the Diodatis ; and that is all we know of the 
female line of Carolo's posterity. Of the sons we are told of the fortunes of 
only two, Theodore and Jean. Theodore Diodati, born in 1574 at Geneva, 
being educated as a physician, went early to England, where he is heard of, 
says Professor Masson, in his introduction to Milton's Latin Elegies, ''as 
living, about the year 1609, near Brentford, in professional attendance on 
Prince Henry, and the Princess Elizabeth [afterwards Queen of Bohe- 
mia]."! He received the degree of Doctor of Medicine at Leyden. Oct. 
6, 1615, and was admitted a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians 
in London, Jan. 2-4, 1616-17. He became an eminent practitioner, "much 
among persons of rank," residing in London, apparently, to the age of 
seventy-six, his burial having been in the parish-church of St. Bartholo- 
mew the Less, Feb. 12, 1650-1. "The naturalized London physician," 
says Masson, " is to be fancied, it seems, as a cheery, active veteran, with 
courtly and gallant Italian ways to the Iast."$ He was twice married, 
first to an English " lady of good birth and fortune," by whom he had 
three children ; and afterwards to another English ladv, who brought him 
"goods and estate," survived him, and was his executrix. The children 
of Dr. Diodati were Philadelphia, buried at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, Aug. 
10, 1638 ; John, "mentioned," as Col. Chester says, "in the will of Eliz- 
abeth Cundall (widow of Henry Cundall, the partner of Burbage in the 
Globe Theatre), dated September, 1635 ;" and Charles, the well-known 
youthful companion and bosom-friend of Milton, whose life and character 
are delineated, in connection with those of Milton, in so very interesting a 
manner, by means of the joint researches of Professor Masson and Col. 
Chester, in the former's Life of Milton and in his edition of Milton's Poet- 
ical Works ; to whom Milton addressed two of his Latin sonnets, and who 
was the subject of his Epitaphium Damonis. Specially note-worthy, in 
the relations of the two friends, is the contrast between Milton's studious 
gravity and the blithesome' cheerfulness of Diodati, whom " one fancies," 
says Masson, " as a quick, amiable, intelligent youth, with something of 
his Italian descent visible in his face and manner."§ This Charles " was 
born about 1609," says Col. Chester, "as he was matriculated at Oxford, 
from Trinity College, Feb. 7, 1622-3, aged thirteen at his last birth-day ;" 
and to the same diligent antiquary we owe the discovery of the date of his 
death, in August, 1638, his burial having been at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, 
Aug. 27, 1638, only seventeen days after that of his sister. "Letters oi 

* Letter ofRev. L. \V. Bacon, dated Feb. 18, 1875. A beautiful photo^raph-copv of this 
patent of nobility is in the possession of the writer. The patent is dated at Vienna, Octo- 
ber 4, 1783. 

t The Poetical Works of John Milton, ed. . . . by David Masson, ii. 324. 

t David Masson's Life of John Milton, ii. 81, note. 

J Ibid. i. 80. 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 175 

administration on his estate, in which he is described as a bachelor, were 
granted to his brother John in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Oct. 
3, 1638." John (grandfather of our William), the brother of Charles, was 
married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, July 28, 1635, to Isabel Under- 
wood, who died and was buried in June, 1638, leaving a son Richard, who 
was baptized June 29 of the same year. Philadelphia and Charles, though 
unmarried at the time of their death, were not living with their father, but, 
as Col. Chester has shown, at a " Mr. Dollam's " in Blackfriars ; which is 
explained by the supposition of a family-feud consequent upon the second 
marriage of their father, a fact plainly enough alluded to, indeed, in one 
of the Latin letters of Milton addressed to his friend in 1637 : " quod, nisi 
bellum hoc novercale vel Dacieo vel Sarmatico infestius sit, debebis pro- 
fecto maturare, ut ad nos saltern in hyberna concedas."* Nor is there any 
child, or grandchild, named in the will of the old physician, who makes a 
nephew Theodore his residuary legatee ; so that either all his direct de- 
scendants had died before him, or he carried the family-quarrel with him 
to his grave ; and the latter appears to be the fact. In England, it may 
be well to mention, the family-name was variously corrupted, being written 
as Deodate, Dyodat and Diodate, which last is the American form. 

Another son of the namesake of Charles 5th was the Rev. Jean Diodati, 
born in Geneva in 1576, whose home was in that city during the whole of 
his life of seventv-three vears, but whose fame and influence were all over 
Europe while he lived, and of a nature not to perish with the lapse of time, 
like those honors which fell, as we have seen, to others of his race. The 
main points in his life, and his principal works, have been often noticed ; 
yet with less of living portraiture of character than could be desired, ex- 
cept in the recent publication of De Bude, of which the title has been 
already given. His education was in the Academy of Geneva, under such 
men as Beza and Casaubon, and so rapid was his progress that he became 
a doctor of theology before the age of .nineteen, and soon after succeeded 
Casaubon as professor of Hebrew, and in the old age of Beza assisted to 
fill his place. Already in the year 1603, when he was only twenty-seven 
years old, he presented to the Venerable Company of Pastors of Geneva 
his Italian version of the Bible, a work which was highly esteemed by his 
most learned contemporaries, and has never yet been superseded.! 

But Jean Diodati was far from being; a man of learning alone : he had 
too much of Italian fervor of temperament, and was too deeply imbued 
with the Christian spirit, not to wish to take a part in spreading the faith 
which he could not but nourish by the study of the Scriptures ; and his 
attention was most naturally directed, in a special manner, to his beloved 
native land. Venice was the outpost which he aspired to take possession 
of for the cause of Reform, where a great hostility to the Papal See, in 
consequence of the excommunication of the Republic by Paul 5th, the 
potent influence, though secret, of the celebrated Era Paolo Sarpi, the en- 
couragement of the English ambassador Wotton, and other circumstances, 
seemed to have opened the way. More or less, during the years from 1605 

* Charles Symmons's Prose Works of John Milton, vi. 117. 

f Diodati seems to have spared no labor to perfect his work in successive editions: the 
younger Buxtorf wrote of him that his authority as an interpreter of Scripture had great 
weight, inasmuch as lie was chiefly occupied, all his life, " in examinando sensu tuxtus 
sacri, atque Bibliis vertendis :" s. Schotel, p. 21 ; and the English editor of his Annotations, 
in 1651, said that " in poli<hing and perfecting them, in severall editions, he hath laboured 
ever since " he first tinished them. 



176 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

to 1610, our Diodati was engaged in this enterprise, and in that time he 
twice visited Venice in person. His plans, however, failed, and we refer to 
the undertaking more for the light which it throws upon the character of 
the man than for any historical importance attaching to it. Between him- 
self and Sarpi (of whom he says, evidently with impatience, that his "in- 
comparable learning was diluted with such a scrupulous prudence, and so 
little enlivened and sharpened by fervor of spirit, although accompanied by 
a very upright and wholly exemplary life," that he judged him incapable 
of any boldness of action, to effect an entrance for the truth), there would 
appear to have been little affinity of spirit. Yet his enterprise and cour- 
age were not the fruit of inconsiderate self-confidence. " I shall be very 
careful," he wrote to Du Plessis Mornay, in France, with respect to his 
plans for Venice, " not to oppose a barrier to the very free operation of the 
Divine Spirit, either by the consideration of my own incapacity, or by ap- 
prehension of any danger. I am sure that God, who beyond my hopes 
and aspirations used me in the matter of His Scriptures, so opportunely 
for this great work, with happy success, as the judgments of diverse distin- 
guished persons, and your own among others, lead me to believe, will also 
give me a mouth, and power and wisdom, if need be, to serve in these parts 
for the advancement of His kingdom and the destruction of great Babylon." 

On his return for the last time from Venice, Jean Diodati was first for- 
mally consecrated to the ministry of the Word, for which there is reason 
to believe he was especially fitted. "His eloquent voice," it has been said, 
" his impressive delivery, and his profound convictions, produced such 
an effect upon his numerous hearers that they were strengthened in their 
belief, corrected in their conduct, renovated in their- sentiments ; " and 
though it was " not without many apprehensions and much awe," as he 
wrote to Du Plessis Mornay, that he assumed the responsibility of a preach- 
er, yet, as such, he was ever distinguished by a noble boldness, which 
Innocent 10th is said to have felt the force of, to his own correction, on the 
report of a sermon of Diodati, in which he had declared the Church of 
Rome to be scandalously governed by a woman, meaning Donna Olympia. 

One of the chief marks of distinction received by our Genevese divine, 
and which is next to be noticed in the order of time, was his appointment, 
jointly with Tronchin, to represent Geneva at the Synod of Dort, in 1618— 
19 ; and here he comes before us in a somewhat new li^ht. There had 
been doubt about inviting any delegates from the chief seut of Calvinistic 
doctrine, to avoid an appearance of partiality in calling them to take part 
in judging of the orthodoxy of the Remonstrants ; nor could there have 
been chosen two men less disposed to any compromise in matters of theo- 
logical opinion, apparently, than our Diodati and his colleague. Neither 
that tenderness of sympathy for errorists, nor that broader mental habit of dis- 
crimination between the essential and the unessential, which we have reason 
to suppose belonged to Diodati by nature and through the influence of his 
special training in Biblical study, seems to have preserved him from a cer- 
tain hardness of resistance to the plea for toleration, or at least for a liberal 
and charitable judgment, without prejudice, of those who could not conscien- 
tiously swear by Calvin. Such is the view which Brandt's " History of the 
Reformation and other Ecclesiastical Transactions in and about the Low 
Countries," gives us of Diodati as he appeared at the Synod of Dort. 

From Dort, Diodati went to England, doubtless, in part, to visit his 
brother Theodore. 

From Masson we learn, further, that " besides his celebrity as professor 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 177 

of theology, city-preacher, translator of the Bible into Italian, and author 
of several theological works, Diodati was celebrated as an instructor of 
young men of rank sent to board in his house. About the year 1G39," 
he adds, " there were many young foreigners of distinction pursuing their 
studies in Genera, including Charles Gustavus, afterwards king of Sweden, 
and several princes of German Protestant houses, and some of these appear 
to have been among Diodati's private pupils/'* We only mention further, 
as included in this period, that Milton, in 1639, on his return from Italy, 
to use his own words, was "daily in the society of John Diodati, the most 
learned professor of theology, "f from whom he probably first heard of the 
death of his friend Charles, the nephew of the divine. The death of the 
Rev. Jean Diodati occurred in 1649. 

This distinguished divine married Madeleine daughter of Michel Burla- 
maqui,$ at Geneva, in Dec. 1600 ; by whom he had nine children, five sons 
and four daughters. Of the sons, who alone concern us here, one was Theo- 
dore, made Doctor of Medicine at Leyden, Feb. 4. 1043, and admitted 
Honorary Member of the Royal College of Physicians of London in De- 
cember, 1664; who resided in London, though not, as it seems, in the prac- 
tice of his profession, but as a merchant : iu the letters of administration 
on his estate, granted July 24. 1680, he is called ; * Doctor in Medicine and 

7 O ml 

Merchant." He had no children, and bequeathed most of his property — 
including two estates *• in the bailiwick of Gex, one in the village and 
parish of Fernex, the other in the village and parish of Vernier, within 
a league of Geneva." reserving a life-interest in the real estate to a 
sister Renee — to three nephews named Philip, John and Ralph ; with 
these provisos, however: •* if either revolt from the Reformed Religion 
in which he was brought up, I disinherit him." and "if all said neph- 
ews die without issue, then my estate to go to build a hospital for poor 
strangers at Geneva." The real estate was to pass, eventually, to 
whichever one of his nephews should go to Geneva to live, of whom he 
mentions Ralph as most likely so to do ; and the property must not be 
sold, but kept in the family. We also find the following item in his will : 
"There is also at Geneva, in my sister Renee Diodati her keeping, a copy 
of the French Bible of the translation of my deceased father, reviewed 
and enlarged bv him with divers annotations, since the former cony which 
was printed before his death, which I doe esteeme very much, and I will 

* Masson's Life of Milton, i. 778. 

t Ibid. 

X A granddaughter of the Frmcesco B. who conspired to liberate the republics of Tus- 
cany in 1546, and sacrifice I his life to his patriotism : s. Hist. d. Republ. Ital , xvi. 128 ff., 
and Schotel, pp. 11-12. 

She had a sister Renee — so named by the celebrated Renee Duche=s of Ferrara, who was 
her godmother — who married, Mrst, Cesar Balbani, and, afterwards, Theodore Agrippa 
d'Aubigne, the grandfather of Franeoise d'Aubigne Marchioness de Maintenun: s. Schotel, 
pp. 12,92. Jean Jacques Buriamaqui, authorot'the well-known " Principesde la Loi Natu- 
relle et Politique," was a cousin of the wife of Rev. John Diodati, and appears to have 
married a sister of his. A touchingly simple narrative of dangers and escapes privations 
and succors, experienced by the family of Michel Buriamaqui, father of Madeleine and 
Renee, in passing from Italy, by the way of France, to their final restincr-place in Geneva, 
which was written by R^nee in Geneva, is given by Schotel (pp. 85-9o) from family- 
archives. At one time they were sheltered in a palace of the Duchess of Ferrara at Mon- 
targis, where Renee was born. Again, being in Pari> during the massacre of St. Bartholo- 
mew, the very palace of the Duke of Guise, through the intervention of some Roman Cath- 
olic relatives, became their pbce of refuge- Afterwards, in the house of M. de Bouillon, 
temptations to a denial of their faith, by conformity to the usages of the old church, beset 
them ; but from these, tou, they escaped unscathed. Finally, after years of moving from 
place to place, they reached Geneva, stripped of all earthly goods, but rich in the treasure 
of a good conscience, and " extremely joyous and con^led." 
VOL. XXXV. 16 



178 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

that it be printed, etc." Another son of the Rev. Jean Diodati was 
Charles who also went to England, on whose estate, on the loth of Au- 
gust, 1651, letters of administration were granted "to Theodore Diodati 
next of kin " — evidently his brother Theodore — styling him " of St. Mary 
Magdalen, Old Fish Street, London, bachelor." A third son. named Sam- 
uel, "became a merchant in Holland,'' whither he went in 1658 ; he lived 
single and died in 1G7G. Another son was named Marc, who also died 
without descendants, in 1641, at Amsterdam. 

The only son through whom the line of direct descent from the Gene- 
vese divine was perpetuated, was Philippe, who studied theology, first un- 
der his father and other learned professors of Geneva, and afterwards at 
Montauban in France; went to Holland, and was in 1651 installed pastor 
of the Walloon Church of Leyden. He married Elizabeth daughter of 
Sebastien Francken. alderman of Dort and counsellor of the Provincial 
Court of Holland ; with whom he lived a happy married life of five years, 
and died Oct. 6, 1659. Four sons were born to him. of whom one died in 
infancy, and the other three were Philippe Sebastien, Rodolphe and Jean, 
the three nephews of the Theodore just named, whom he made, as we have 
seen, his principal legatees. Philippe settled in Holland ; he administered, 
however, in England, in 1680. on his uncle Theodore's estate, with his bro- 
ther Jean. In the record of Doctors' Commons he is called Doctor of 
Laws. He married Lidia Blankert, and was a counsellor at Rotterdam. 
Ralph, or Rudolphe, it seems, did not go to Geneva to live, as his uncle 
expected : he went to the East ; married on the Mauritius Catherine 
Saaijmans of that island ; was at one time Chief of the Dutch East India 
Company in Japan ; and died at Batavia. 

The only other son of Philippe Diodati was Jean, born at Leyden July 
28, 1658, who, after passing a commercial apprentisage at Dort, embarked 
for Batavia in the island of Java, in May, 1679, to establish jiimself as a 
merchant there. On the 2d of April. 1680 — probably, therefore, in India 
— he married Aldegonda Trouvers (Travers?), of a prominent Irish family, 
as is said, by whom he had several children ; and died in 1711 at Surat, 
where his remains are said to have reposed beneath a " superb monument," 
erected to his memory by his daughters.* His wife had died in 1608. 

Two of the children of Jean Diodati by Aldegonda Trouvers were 
Philippe and Salomon, born at Dort in 1686 and .1688, who both became 
associates of the Dutch East India Company at Batavia. The former died 
childless, at Batavia, on the 26th of January, 1733, bequeathing 75,000 
francs to the Cathedral of Dort, for the purchase of communion-plate. The 
latter, on the 7th of December, 1713, married Gertrude daughter of Jerome 
Slott, and in 1733 returned to Holland with his wife and tsvo sons, Martin 
Jacob and Antoine Josue, and settled at the Hague, where he died in 1753. 
Of these two sons, Martin established himself in Holland, and died without 
male descendants ; the other, born in 1728, having studied theology at Ge- 
neva, went back to the Hague, and became chaplain to the King of Hol- 
land. Later, he married Marie Aimce Rilliet of Geneva, and settled 
there. He was the builder of the castle of Vernier, already referred to, 
and lived there till he died, in 1791. He was a great amateur of the 
fine arts, and had his house always full of artists ; and, in consequence 
of his expensive style of living, left his fortune very much diminished to 
his children, of whom he had eight, three sons and live daughters. But 

* De Bade, p. 298. 



1881.] William Diodaie and his Italian Ancestry. 179 

the name was transmitted by only one of the sons, named Jacques Amedee, 
whose son Edouard, professor in the Academy of Geneva and Librarian 
of that city, was the father of Mr. Gabriel C. Diodati and his two brothers, 
Messieurs Theodore and Aloys, of whom the first and last, the only sur- 
vivors, worthily maintain the honors of the family at Geneva at the present 
time. 

We have thus briefly sketched the history of this remarkable family ; and 
all of the name appearing in English records have been mentioned in their 
places in the line of descent, down to and including the grandfather of Wil- 
liam Diodate ; unless a separate place could have been found for a John 
Diodati, who encased in business in London, beins: called a " Factor " in 
some entries concerning him, and on whose estate letters of administration 
were granted Feb. 25, 1G87-8, to his son John, his relict Sarah renounc- 
ing. But this person is identified by Col. Chester, after thorough research, 
with John the brother of Milton's friend, who buried his wife Isabel 
Underwood in 1638, as stated above, a son of his by a second marriage 
being the father of William. The identification is made necessary by the 
proved impossibility of finding any other place for John the " Factor" in 
the pedigree ; while the date of the birth of William's father corresponds 
with all the known dates of this John's life, supposing him one with the 
brother of Milton's friend of the same name. 

All that English records tell us of William Diodate's father is embraced 
in the following particulars. On the 14th of May, 1682, a license was 
given him to marry Mercy Tilney, of St. Michael Bassishaw, London, be- 
ing himself described, in the marriage-license, as a " bachelor, aged about 
22 [therefore born about 1660], with parents' consent:" and by this mar- 
riage he had four children, who all died in infancy. The wife died in the 
parish of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, and was buried at Blackfriars, 
Sept. 18, 1689. On the 6th of January, 1689-90. he had a license to marry 
Mistress Elizabeth Morton, of Tottenham, co. Middlesex, he being then 
described as " of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, merchant, widower, 
aged about 30." The history of Elizabeth Morton, worked out by Col. 
Chester with much care and labor, is given bv him in brief, as follows : 
" Rev. Adrian Whicker, vicar of Kirtlington, Oxfordshire (where he was 
buried 16 June, 1616), by his wife Jane (buried there 8 Dec, 1641), had 
several children, of whom the eldest son was John Whicker, born in St. 
Aldate's parish in the city of Oxford, who became a merchant in London, 
but at his death desired to be buried at Kirtlington. His will, dated 8 
Sept., 1660, was proved 12 Feb., 1/660—1. By his wife Jane, who was 
buried at St. Olave, Hart Street, London, March 1, 1637-S, he had five 
daughters, of whom three onlv survived. The second daughter, Elizabeth 
Whicker, was baptized at St. Olave, Hart street, 21 August, 1623. She 
first married Richard Crandley, Alderman of London, who was buried at St. 
Olave, Hart street, 12 Dlc, 1655. From his will it is evident that they had 
no children. She remarried John Morton, Gent., at St. Olave, Hart street, 
in July, 1658, and a female child (unnamed) was buried there 5 July, 1659. 
They had also a son John Whicker Morton, who married Elizabeth Medli- 
cott, and died 18 May, 1693, and was buried at Tackley in Oxfordshire; 
and also a daughter Theodosia, who was her father's executrix, and then 
unmarried. Their only other daughter was Elizabeth, who married John. 
Diodati." The general coincidence of these results of a search in English 
records respecting the Morton-marriage of John Diodati, with the facts 
already stated as derived from William Diodate's Bible, will not fail to be 



180 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

noticed. But that statement is further duplicated by what we learn in Eng- 
land with regard to the children born of this Morton-marriage, who are 
there seen to have been three in number, namely, John, William and Eliz- 
abeth. John, son of John and Elizabeth Diodati, was matriculated at Ox- 
ford, from Balliol College, April 6, 1709, aged 16 (he was therefore born 
about 1693); and graduated Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, in 
course, and afterwards Bachelor of Medicine and Doctor of Medicine. He 
became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London June 25, 
1724, and Censor in 172G-7; and died May 23, 1727. unmarried. His 
will, dated May 19. and proved July 27, 1727, left his whole estate, both 
real and personal, with the exception of a single legacy of £50, to his sister 
Elizabeth, then unmarried — coinciding with the tradition that William 
Diodate, on returning to England after the death of his brother John, when 
his father also had died, found himself disinherited. This sister afterwards 
married a gentleman of the name of Scarlett — probably Anthony S., whose 
will, dated May 8, 1750, and proved March 1, 1757, by his relict Eliza- 
beth, left his entire estate to her, " as a testimony of the great love and 
most tender affection which " he had " for the best of wives." She died 
in 1768, her will having been proved April 13 of that year, with a codicil 
which she added February 22 of the same vear, in which larcre legacies are 
given to " the children of" her "niece Elizabeth Johnson deceased, late 
wife of the Rev. Mr. Stephen Johnson of Lime, in Connecticut in New 
England."* This record brings us back to our subject, William Diodate, 
the onlv other child of John Diodati bv his Morton-marriage, whose daugh- 
ter, as appears from his will in the New Haven records, was that Elizabeth 
Johnson, thus named in the will of her aunt Scarlett. 

It only remains to say that the son-in-law of William Diodate, Stephen 
Johnson, named in his will, a son of Nathaniel Johnson, Esq.. of Newark, 
New Jersey, by his wife Sarah Ogden (descended from John Ogden, oue of 
the Patentees of Connecticut, and founder of Elizabeth in New Jersey), 
was not unworthy to transmit the accumulated honors of the Diodati race 
to his descendants ; for, beside being an honored pastor, for forty years, 
over a single church, he was an eminent patriot — perhaps contributing as 
much as any other one person to bring on the Revolution, by his strong 
and impassioned articles in opposition to the stamp-act, written, published 
in New London papers of the day, and circulated, with the cooperation, 
and at the expense of his parishioner and intimate friend and counsellor 
John McCurdy, ten years before the actual breaking out of the war ; which 
led to the banding together of the " Sons of Liberty " in organized associa- 
tion, first in Connecticut and afterwards in other colonies; and on the 22d 
of May, 1775, when the conflict of war had begun, he asked leave of ab- 
sence from his people in order to accept the appointment of the General 
Assembly of the colony to be chaplain to the regiment of Col. Parsons, 
which was afterwards present at the battle of Bunker Hill. The historian 
Bancroft says : " Of that venerable band who nursed the flame of piety 
and civil freedom, none did better service than the American-born Stephen 
Johnson, the sincere and fervid pastor of the First Church of Lyme."t 

* Mrs. Scarlett sent to them in her life-time, and left to them at her death, many rich 
pieces of apparel, porcelain, silver-plate, and other elegant articles, many of which are still 
possessed by their descendants. 

t Hist, of the United States, v. 320. Our country's indebtedness to Johnson in the mat- 
ter of resistance to the stamp-act is fully recognized by Bancroft, as, for instance, in his 
Hist., v. 3.53, where he calls him " the incomparable Stephen Johnson of Lyme," and long 
ago, by Gordon in his Hist, of the Rise, Progress and Establishment of the Independence of 
the United States, i. 1GG, if. 



1881.] JS 7 oles and Queries. 181 

His descendants, also, proved worthy of their inheritance : Diodate John- 
son, his son, a young clergyman cut oil in his twenty-eighth year, was 
" eminent for genius, learning and piety ;" and his daughter Sarah, who 
became the wife of John Griswold, son of the first Governor Griswold of 
Connecticut by his wife Ursula Wolcott, handed down the precious legacy 
of " blood that tells/' in cultured manners, warm affections, noble aspira- 
tions, and quick intelligence, betokening, in the case of some of the genera- 
tions which have succeeded, in no doubtful manner, the hereditary influ- 
ence of old Italian genius and temperament. 



NOTES AXD QUERIES. 

NOTES. 

College Chronicle. — Under this heading the New York World publishes a 
weekly series of articles on matters of interest connected with the various colleges 
in the United States. The idea is a good one, and the World's College Chronicler 
has the industry and ability to do it justice. No. 2-20 appeared in the World for 
Monday, Feb. 14. 1661. That and No. 216, Jan. 31, each contains, besides other 
matters, an article of special value. The article in No. 216, entitled fl Bibliogra- 

f>hy of Alumni," is a bibliographical account of the triennial and general cata- 
ogues of the principal American colleges. That in No. 220, " Statistics of Gradu- 
ates," is thus noticed in the New York Nation, Feb. 24 : 

" The World's * College Chronicle ' fur Feb. 14 contains an elaborate tabulation 
from the larger catalogues of twenty-five American colleges, showing the total num- 
ber of degrees since their foundation : the number of honorary degrees; the num- 
ber of alumni, living and dead ; and the various learned professions which they 
have adopted. These tables are not all brought up to a common date, and are other- 
wise defective as the sources of information were ; but they are instructive on at 
least one point. The ' alumni ' embrace those who have received the bachelor's 
degree for a four years' course, but, at Harvard and Yale, not bachelors of science 
or philosophy, as is usual at other colleges. Bearing this in mind, we notice that 
in i860 Harvard, with 9,526 alumni, had bestowed 622 honorary degrees, and 
Yale, with 9,202 alumni, 923 ; while Princeton, with 4,837 alumni in 1675, had 
bestowed 769 honorary degrees, and Union, with 4,201 alumni in 1856, 548. Reck- 
oning these per annum, it appears that Harvard's average favors have been 2.6 ; 
Yale's, 5.2 ; Princeton's, 6 ; and Union's, 9. The total number of alumni of six col- 
leges reported to 1880 — viz., Harvard, Yale, Pennsylvania, Brown, Dartmouth and 
Williams — was 30,402 ; the number of their living alumni at that date was 14,074. 
Yale had some 600 more living alumni than Harvard. It is impossible to deduce 
any trustworthy conclusions as to the relative choice of professions." 



Barrett. — The first Humphrey Barrett, of Concord, in his will, 1662, and Mary 
his widow, in her will, 1663, both name a son John. The latter, Shattuck supposes 
to have been of Marlboro'. Savage and Hudson follow this authority. But public 
records establish that John Barrett, of Marlboro', had brothers William, of Cam- 
bridge, and Thomas, of Marlboro' (earlier of Cambridge). This latter, Thomas, 
in his will. Jan. 16, 1672 — near the date of his death — names his own brethren, 
John and William, and his sister Lydia Cheever ; and appoints said brothers, and 
Bartholomew Cheever. of Boston (husband of Lydia), his executors. They con- 
vey land, April 22, 1680, as such executors, the widow (' ; some time the wife and 
relict" of Thomas Barrett, of Marlboro', and now the wile of William Eager) 
releasing all her rights in said land. Thomas was married before 1660, and had 
three children. 

As Humphrey 1 had a son Thomas who was drowned in Concord in 1652 — Savage 
says 1660, but probate records show his error — leaving children Oliver and Mary, 
named as grandchildren by Humphrey in his will ; it follows that, unless he had two 
sons named Thomas of nearly the same age and both living to maturity, John of 
Marlboro' was not the son of Humphrey 1 of Concord. 

VOL, XXXY. 10* 



182 Notes and Queries, [April, 

John and Thomas of Marlboro' each left a son bearing his father's name ; and 
each was the last male of his line to bear the surname. There have been numerous 
descendants of both John and Thomas, however, by the marriages of their daugh- 
ters and granddaughters in the families of Bush, Rice, Taylor, Whitney, Tainter, 
Gleason, How and Eelton. J. H. Barrett. 

Lovcland, Ohio. 



Harvard Observatory. — The following correction of an erroneous statement in 
relation to the establishment of this Observatory has been received by us for inser- 
tion in the Register : 

" In the k Harvard Book,' Cambridge, 1875, Vol. I. p. 156, it is stated in a 
biography of President Everett, that ' the Harvard Observatory was established 
on its present site in his administration.' This is a mistake. 

" In 1839 Mr. \V. C. Bond was appointed Astronomical Observer to Harvard 
University, and took possession of a house in Cambridge, prepared by President 
Quincy for a rudimentary Observatory. In 1842—13, the munificence of President 
Quincy's friends among the capitalists, chiefly of Boston, enabled him to purchase 
several acres of land in Cambridge, and to found thereon the Sears Tower and a 
house for the observer, and to order a great Equatorial Telescope. In September, 
1844, Mr. Bond removed to the new Observatory, and May 8, 1345, there, assisted 
by his son, G. P. Bond, observed a transit of Mercury. 

" Before President Quincy resigned the office of president, in- August, 1845, he 
completed the purchase of the Equatorial Telescope, and, although it was not fin- 
ished, paid for it. It arrived in Cambridge early in 1846. During these years 
Mr. Everett was United States Minister in England, and had no part in these arrange- 
ments. The Observatory and the Equatorial Telescope belong to the administration 
of President Quincy. — Seethe Annual Reports of the Treasurer of Harvard College." 1 



Towns in the King's Province (ante, p. 124). — The names of the towns in the 
King's Province, or the Xarraganset Country, now Washington County and part of 
Kent County, Rhode Island, were changed by the Commissioners of King James 
II., June 23, 1680, by the following order passed by them at a court held that day 
at Major Richard Smith's, in Rochester : 

"Ordered, That the three towns now in the King's Province, shall be called, 
Rochester, the first and chief, formerly called Kingston. 
- " Haversham, the second, formerly called Westerly. 

" Dedford, the third, formerly called Greenwich." — Bartletfs ed. Records of the 
Rhode Island Colony, iii. 201. 

The original names were resumed after the overthrow of Andros. 



Menotomy. — A curious form of this variously spelled word, the aboriginal name 
of Arlington, Mass., is " Anatomy, " which appears in a deed recorded in 18.01 
(Midd. Registry, 143 : 249). - William R. Cutter. 

Lexington, Mass. 



Queries. 

Genealogical Queries. — I would be greatly obliged for information concerning 
the parentage of the following persons : 

Hannah, third wife and widow of Elnathan Jones, of Concord, Mass. They were 
married between 1732 and 1736. He died May 6, 1739. She next married, Oct. 2, 
1740, Cord Cordis, of Boston and Concord. She was a tory refugee, and died in St. 
Andrews Parish, London. Should also be glad to know the parents of Cord Cordis, 
of Boston, 1733. 

Hannah Winsor, who married Jonathan Cary, of Charlestown, in 1675. 

Ruth Batchelder, wife of Dea. James Blake, of Dorchester; died 1752, aged 90 
years. Batchelder pedigree, Register, xxvii. p. 361, shows a Ruth born 1602. 

Susanna, wife of John Harrison, of Boston. Their daughter Susanna, born 
March 28, 1677, married Edward Gray, of Boston, a wealthy ropemaker. 

Was Lewis Tucker, of Casco, born 1643, son of Mr. Richard Tucker of that 
place? 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 183 

Thomas Holland, "who by wife Ann had John, born Sept. 11, 17-26, In Boston. 

William and wife Dorcas Fallass, probably married about 1723 ; had children 
baptized at Old South from 1724 to 1734. 

Susanna Cogswell, of Ipswich, who married Jeremiah Parsons, of Gloucester, 
Dec. 14, 17-21. 

Abigail Younglove, of Ipswich, who married Jeffrey Parsons, Jr., of Gloucester, 
May 5, 16S6. 

Deborah, born about 16G7, who married Elder James Sa}'ward, of Gloucester. He 
was son of Henry Say ward, of York. 

John Cunningham, of Gloucester, born about 1732. died Feb. 24, 1774, aged 42. 

Stephen Dana Marsh, born Nov. 12, 1627, died in Boston Oct. 23, 1867. 

I have nearly completed a genealogy of the descendants of Thomas Swift, of Dor- 
chester, and should be glad to communicate with any descendants of this family not 
already reached. The Rev. John Swift, of Acton, names grandchildren Hollis and 
Luther in his will of 1725. Were they children of his son Dr. John Swift of that 
place, and have they descendants ? Harrison Ellery. 

No. 1 Central Wharf, Boston. 



John Robinson (son of Isaac, son of the Rev. John of Leyden) removed from 
Saconessst, Mass., to Connecticut, with his family in 1714. What town in Connec- 
ticut did he move to ? and what information can be given concerning his descend- 
ants? W. C. Robinson. 

New Haven, Ct. 



Woodbridge.— It is on record at Salem, that Mrs. Mary Woodbridge, of New- 
bury, widow, made oath 29 September, 1693, that she had not concealed or embez- 
zled any of the money, goods or chattells of Joseph Dole, late of Newbury deceased. 
Joseph Dole was born in 16.37, to which fact neither Coffin nor Savage adds any- 
thing. Did he marry and leave a widow, who was in 1693 widow again of a sec- 
ond husband Woodbridge? W. S. Appleton. 

Boston, Mass. 

[Mrs. Mary Woodbridge was probably the widow of Thomas Woodbridge, of 
Newbury (Reg. sxxii. 294), but we do not know her relationship to Joseph Dole. 
Mr. Woodbridge died March 30, 1681, and she married about 1693 Joseph Cokcr. — 
Editor.] 



Gen. John Patterson. — Information in relation to this officer of the army of 
the Revolution is desired for a forthcoming work, " The Town of Farinington, 
Conn." William Henry Lee. 

261 Canal Street, New York. 



Temple. — There is a tradition that Robert Temple, who was of Saco, Me., before 
1660, had a son Robert who settled somewhere in the state of Maine. 

If any one can give information, from records or otherwise, in confirmation there- 
of, please to communicate to William Temple. 

Montvale, Middlesex Co., Mass. 



Waterman. — Lieut. Thomas Waterman, adjutant of Col. Israel Angell's Regi- 
ment, Rhode Island Brigade Continental Army. Who was he? Can any one tell? 
New Bedford, Mass. William Henry Waterman. 



John Blake, " now of Wrentham, formerly of Sandwich, Mass.," in 1686 
(according to Suffolk Co. Deeds, vol. 16, p. 69), with Edward Pratt and others, 
make division of lands, previously bought of John Wampum, alias White, an In- 
dian of Assanawesock, then deceased. Query. — From whence came said John 
Blake, and what is known of him prior to and during his residence in Sandwich? 
He is the progenitor of most of the name in Wrentham. His sons were Robert, 
Andrew, John and Isaac ; d. young. His wife was Bridget. What was her maiden 
name? He died May 25, 1700. She died May 30, 1706. Perley Derbv. 

Salem, Mass. 



184 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Hill. — Who was father of Ignatius, James and William Hill, all of Boston, 
16GS ? Their widowed mother Sarah married secondly Edmund Greenleaf. 
Boston, Mass. W. S. Appleton. 

[The Genealogy of the Hill family, by the Rev. Moses Hill, of Norwalk, Ct., no- 
ticed in the Register, vol. xxxiv. p. 23-4, gives children of these names to William 
Hill, of Fairfield, Ct,, who had a wife Sarah, and who died in 1650. — Editor.] 



Gorham. — Mr. Wyman. in his " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown," says 
that Cnpt. Nathaniel Gorham, of Charlestown, was "son of Nathaniel, who m. 
Dorcas Coffin, of Yarmouth." Is this correct? Was he not the son of Stephen 
Gorham, who in. Elizabeth Gardiner in 1703? 

Capt. Nathaniel married Mary Soley, of Charlestown, in 1736-7, and her mother 
was Dorcas Coffin, daughter of Nathaniel, according to Wyman. Has not Mr. 
Wyman confounded the genealogy of Capt. Nathaniel with that of his wife? 

Cambridge, Mass. Cyrus Woodman. 



Historical Intelligence. 

New Hampshire Bi-Centennial. — The New Hampshire Historical Society duly 
commemorated the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the first lawful 
government over the province, as it was then called, in the year 1650. The society 
selected Charles W. Tuttie. Esq., of Boston, to deliver the historical address on the 
occasion, and held a special meeting in Portsmouth on the evening of Dec. 20, 1SS0, 
to hear the address delivered. The Hon. Charles H. Bell, president of the society 
and governor elect of the state, presided. The society voted to print the address. 



Announcements. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 

Hale. By the Hon. Robert S. Hale, L.L.D., of Elizabeth, Essex Co.. N. Y.— The 
family history of Thomas Hale, of Newbury, and his descendants, heretofore announc- 
ed in the Register (xxix. 100: xxxi. 99), tv.11 probably be ready for the press before 
the end of the current year. It will include female lines, but not in as full detail 
as male lines. Those who have delayed sending their records fur the book should 
do so at once. 

Kenney. By John Spare, M.D., of New Bedford. — It will contain all families by 
this name who have lived in Canton from 17 14 to 1830. the dates of the arrival and 
extinction of this name in that territory. It is nearly complete. 

Miller, By Maj. Charles D. Miller, of Newark. Ohio.— He has been many years 
tracing descendants of James Miller the Scotsman. Charlestown, Mass., admitted to 
first church Dec. 17, 1676 ; made freeman May 23, 1677 : died July 14, 1600. His 
wife Mary joined the church Aug. 5,1677; baptized with children— James, Mary, 
Robert, Job, Abraham, Isaac, Mercy and Jane. Record of his father's death. Aug. 
1, 16S3. calls him "Sen." "an aged Scotsman above 70." Would like informa- 
tion of immigration and descendants. 

Savery, Sauary or Savory. By trie Hon. A. W. Savery, of Digby, Nova Scotia. — 
Judge Savery will give a genealogical record of the New England family bearing 
the above name, especially of the descendants of Anthony and Thomas G., 
who were freeman of Plymouth in 1633, and, as far as possible, of Robert S., of 
Newbury, in 1656. and an account of their progenitors in England. He respectfully 
requests from all of the name or connection such pertinent genealogical and other 
information as they may possess, especially biographical sketches of any who may 
have filled public situations, legislative or otherwise. He would like to know the 
names of the earlier descendants of the Anthony S., who was a town-man of Dart- 
mouth in 1686, and whether the name of Solomon Savery can be found in the family 
about the beginning of the last century ; and whence came the John Savery, who 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 185 

some twenty years ago was governor of Peel Island, one of the Bonin group, a 
whaling station in the North Pacific. 

Spare. By John Spare, M.D., of New Bedford, Mass. — It will contain all de- 
scendants of Samuel Spare (1083-1768) inclusive of names connected by marriage 
down to the present time. 

Staple or Staples. By James Staples, of Bridgeport, Ct. — Mr. Staples contem- 
plates a history or genealogy of this family. 

Waterman. By William Henry Waterman, of New Bedford, Mass. — Mr. Wa- 
terman is preparing a record, historical, biographical and genealogical, of the 
Waterman family of Rhode Island. He desires members of the family having 
records, items, &c, bearing^upon the history of the family, to send him a copy. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIIl PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday, January 5, 1881. — The annual meeting was held at 
the Society's House, 13 Somerset Street, this afternoon, at three o'clock. 

The president, the Hun. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., on taking the chair intro- 
duced the Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., ex-governor of Vermont and vice-president of 
the society for that state, who made a few pertinent remarks The vice-president 
for Massachusetts, the Hon. George C. Richardson, also occupied a chair on the 
platform. 

The recording secretary, David G. Haskins, Jr., read the record of the proceed- 
ings at the December meeting. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a list of officers and committees for the year 1881, and the persons nominated 
were unanimously elected, viz. : 

President. — Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of Portland, Me. ; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord, N. II. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Benning- 
ton, Vt. ; Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Mass. ; Hon. John R. Bartlett, 
A.M., of Providence, R. I. ; Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, Ct. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — His Excellency Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., Presi- 
dent of the United States ; Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, N Y. ; 
Wiliiam A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, N. J. ; William Duane, of Phila- 
delphia, Pa. ; Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of Baltimore, Md. ; Hon. 
William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, D. C. ; Hon. Thoma3 Spooner, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio ; Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, III. ; Rev. Jo- 
seph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville. Ind. ; Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of 
Madison, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa ; 
ilev.- William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Mo.; Rt. Rev. William I. 
Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. — David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston. Mass. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Directors. — Hon. George C. Richard-on, Boston; Hon Nathaniel Foster Safford, 
A. B., Milton; Hon. James W. Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 
Cambridge; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge. 

Committee on Finance. — Henry Edwards, Boston, Chairman; Hon. Charles B. 
Hall, Boston ; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hon. Alrnh A. Burrage, Boston; 
Addison Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey, Boston, ex-qfficio. 

Committee on Publication. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman ; Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., Cambridge ; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston ; Jeremiah Col- 
burn, A.M., Boston ; William B. Trask, Boston ; ilenry II. Edes, Boston ; Henry 
P. Waters, A.B., Salem. 

Committee on Memorials. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, A.M., Billerica ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge ; William B. Trask, 
Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Canton ; Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 



186 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

Committee on Heraldry.— -Hon. Thomas C. Amory, A.M., Boston. Chairman: 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem ; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston ; George 
B. Chase, A.M., Boston ; Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., Boston ; John C. J. Brown, 
of Boston. 

Committee on the Library. — Jeremiah Colburn, A M., Boston, Chairman ; Wil- 
liam B. Trask, Boston; Deloraine P. Corey, Maiden; Willard S. Allen, A.M., 
Boston ; John T. liassam, A.M., Boston ; John W. Dean. Boston, ex officio. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Chairman; Rev. 
Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Newton ; Rev. David G. Haskins, S.T.D., Cambridge ; 
William C. Bates, Newton ; Charles C. Coffin, Boston ; Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey, 
A.M., Cambridge : Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., of Auburndale. 

Col. Wilder, having, for the fourteenth time, been elected president of the soci- 
ety, proceeded to deliver his annual address, which is printed in full in this number 
of the Register {ante, pp. 129-45). 

The following annual reports were presented : 

The Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, chairman of the committee for binding and index- 
ing the Knox Manuscripts, made an elaborate report. 

The Rev. Mr. Slafter, as corresponding secretary, reported that thirty-seven 
resident and nine corresponding members have been added to the society during the 
year._ He also reported the usual correspondence relating to historical subjects. 

William C, Bates, the historiographer pro tempore, referred to the loss sustained i 

by the society in the death of theTRev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer for live years 
and a half preceding. He then reported the number of members who have died 
during the past year, as far as known, to be forty-four. Their united ages are 3131 
years and 1 month, being an average of 71 years 2 months and 22 days. Memo- 
rial sketches of deceased members have been prepared and printed in the Register 
as promptly as the space at command would allow. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income for the year to be 
$3,209.48, and the current expenses $3,193.25, leaving a balance on hand of $16.23. 
The receipts for life-membership were $150.00, making the present amount of the 
fund $9,447.74. The amount of the fund for the support of the librarian is 
$12,763.13; of the Bradbury Fund, $2,500.00; of the Towne Memorial Fund, 
$5,155.18 ; of the Barstow Fund, $1,003.36 ; of the Bond Fund, $749.72; of the 
Cushman Fund, 64.09 ; and of the Sever Fund, $5,000.00 ; making a total for the f 

several funds, in the hands of the treasurer, of $36,683.22. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 651 volumes and 3,S07 pamphlets had 
been added to the library during the year, of which 409 volumes and 3,687 pamph- 
lets, were donations. The library now contains 16,591 volumes, and 51,998 
pamphlets. 

Willard S. Allen, in behalf of the committee on the library, reported that as in 
previous years the donations have been numerous and valuable. In the library, at 
the present time, will be found nearly all the genealogical works printed in this 
country, and many of those published in Europe, while good progress has been 
made in the acquisition of biographies and local histories published in this country. 

Jeremiah Colburn, in behalf of the publishing committee, reported that the Reg- 
ister to January, 1881, and the annual proceedings for 1880, had been issued under 
their charge since their last report. Two other works, under the charge of other com- 
mittees, have been published, namely, the Towne Memorial Biographies, and the 
Proceedings Oct. 25, 1880, the Centenary of the Constitution of Massachusetts. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee on papers and essays, 
reported that eight papers had been read before the society during the year. 

J. Gardner White, secretary of the committee on memorials, reported the com- 
pletion of the first volume of Memorial Biographies printed at the charge of the 
Towne Memorial Fund. 

Thanks were voted to the president for his address, and the publishing committee 
were directed to print the address, with an abstract of the other proceedings. 

New Brunswick Historical Society. 

St. John, N. /?., Thursday, Nov. 25, 1880.— The annual meeting was held this 
evening in the office of R. C. J. Dunn, Lawrence's Building, King Street, the presi- 
dent, J. W. Lawrence, Esq., in the chair. 

The president then laid before the society a letter which he had written, as presi- 
dent of the society, to the lieutenant governor of New Brunswick, suggesting 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings* 187 

the commemoration of the centenary of the landing of the loyalists at Parrtown 
and Carleton, now the city of St. John, by the erection by subscription of a hall 
for the use of the New Brunswick Historical Society, Art Union, Natural History 
Society and Free Library, as a memorial to the settlers of St- John, the corner stone 
to be laid May 18, l^r-3. The semi-centennial of this event was observed with 
fitting ceremonies in 1833. 

A committee consisting of J. W. Lawrence, A. A. Stockton, W. P. Dole, Gilbert 
Murdock, James Hannay and G. Herbert Lee, to cooperate with the civil bodies in 
taking measures to erect a Loyalist Memorial as indicated in this letter. 

The election of officers then took place, and the following officers were chosen : 

President. — J. W, Lawrence. 

Vice-Presidents. — Gilbert Murdock, A. A. Stockton. 
Recording Secretary. — Thomas W. Lee. 
Corresponding Secretary — G. Herbert Lee. 
Treasurer. — D. P. Chisholm. 
Librarian. — George C. Lawrence. 

Executive Committee. — James Hannay, W. P. Dole, J. C. Miles, D. H, Water- 
bury, R. C. J. Dunn. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Wednesday, Feb 2, 188 1.— The society met at 2.30 P.M., the presi- 
dent, the Hon. James W . Bradbury, in the chair. 

It was voted that the publications of the society hereafter shall be issued in two 
series : 1. Collections, to contain historical documents ; 2. Proceedings, to contain 
the papers and other transactions at the meetings ; and Hon. Israel Washburn, 
William Goold, Rev. Samuel F. Dike and Prof. Alpheus S. Packard were appoint- 
ed a committee to publish forthwith a volume of Proceedings. 

Hon. Rnfus K. Sewall read a paper on " The Future Work of the Future Histori- 
an of Maine." 

In the evening the new rooms of the society in the Portland City Hall, to which 
its library has been removed from Brunswick, were opened by appropriate exercises. 
These apartments were previously occupied by the Portland Society of Natural 
History. 

President Bradbury delivered an address, which is printed in the Eastern Argus 
and Portland Press of Feb. 3. 

At the close of this address the Hon. Israel Washburn, chairman of the commit- 
tee of arrangements, made a brief speech, in the course of which he explained how 
it came about that the Maine Historical Society had returned to the home of its 
birth. Gen. John Marshall Brown then tendered the thanks of the society to the 
city for the rooms, a lease of which for ten years free of charge had been signed 
that afternoon. Mayor Senter responded in behalf of the city. 

Hon. William Goold followed with a paper giving a history of the lot on which 
the City Hall now stands, and of the buildings which had previously stood thereon. 

The meeting closed with remarks by the Hon. Or. F. Talbot, Dr. William Wood, 
president of the Natural History Society, Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, president of 
the Board of Trade, and the Hon. Joseph Williamson, of Belfast. 

Old Colonf Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, Nov, 8, 1880. — A regular meeting was held this 
evening. 

John Winthrop Ballantine read a paper on Gov. John Winthrop, his ancestor. 

Monday. Jan. 10. — The annual meeting was held this evening. 

James Henry Dean read a paper on John and Walter Deane, who were among the 
first settlers of Taunton. 

Reports from the treasurer and librarian indicated a good financial condition, and 
the publication of the Collections of the Society No. 2. Officers for the year were 
chosen as follows : 

President. — Hon. John Daggett, of Attleboro'. 

Vice-Presidents. — Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D., Hon. Samuel L. Crocker, both of 
Taunton. 

Recording and Corresponding Secretary. — Charles A. Reed, Esq., of Taunton. 
Treasurer.— Thomas J. Lothrop, of Taunton. 



188 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Librarian. — Ebenezer C. Arnold, of Taunton. 

Historiographer. — William E. Fuller, of Taunton. 

Directors. — The above-named officers, and James Henry Dean, of Taunton ; Rev. 
S. Hopkins Emery, of Taunton; Arthur M. Alger, of Taunton ; Hon. John S. 
Brayton, of Fall River ; Ellis Ames, of Canton ; Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce, of 
Freetown. 

Weymouth Historical Society. 

Weymouth ,- Mass . , Wednesday, Jan. 5, 1881. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening at Tufts Library, the president, Elias Richards. Esq., in the chair. 

Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., the corresponding secretary, and Dea. Gilbert Nash, the 
recording secretary, made their annual reports. The report of the library commit- 
tee was also read by Dea. Nash. They are printed in full in the Weymouth Ga- 
zette, Jan. 21. 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were elected, viz. : 

President. — Elias Richards. 
Vice-President. — John J. Loud. 
Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 
Recording Secretary. — Gilbert Nash. 
Treasurer. — William II. Clapp. 
Librarian. — Miss Carrie A. Blanchard. 
The above, with Rev. Lucien H. Frary, constitute the executive committee. 

Nominating Committee. — John J. Loud; Samuel W. Reed; Augustus J. Rich- 
ards. 

Library Committee. — Gilbert Nash, F. W. Lewis, and Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 

Gilbert Nash followed with a paper on " The Extinct Families of Weymouth." 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday. Dec. 23, 1880. — A stated meeting was held this evening in 
the society's Cabinet, Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, 
LL.D., in the chair. 

Hon. Abraham Payne read a paper on the History of Windham County, Conn. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 

Neic York, N. Y., Friday, Jan. 14, 1881. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening at Mutt Memorial Hall. 

* Gen. James Grant Wilson read a paper on Millard Fillmore, Thirteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

Messrs. David P. Holton, John L. Latting and Charles B. Moore were reelected 
trustees fur three years. At a meeting of the trustees subsequently, the fallowing 
gentlemen were elected officers of the society for the ensuing year : 

President. — Henry T. Drowne. 

Vice-Presidents. — Ellsworth Eliot, M.D , and Gen. James Grant Wilson. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Charles B. Moore. 

Recording Secretary. — Joseph 0. Brown. 

Treasurer — George li. Butler, M.D. 

Librarian. — Samuel Burhans, Jr. 

New Jersey Historical Society. 

Trenton, Thursday, Jan. 20, 1881. — The society met in the State House. 
The following officers were elected for 1881 : 

President. — Samuel M. Ham ill. Lawrenceville. 

Vice-Presidents. — John T. Nixon, Trenton ; John Clement, Haddonfield ; Samu- 
el H. Pennington, M.D., Newark. 

Corresponding Secretary. — William A. Whitehead, Newark. 

Recording Secretary. — William Nelson, Paterson. 

Treasurer and Librarian. — Frederick W. Ricord, Newark. 

Executive Committee. — Marcus L. Ward, Newark; John Hall, D.D., Trenton; 
Samuel Allison, Yardville ; N. Norris Haletead, Kearney ; Joel Parker, Freehold ; 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 189 

Joseph N. Tattle, Newark: George Sheldon, D.D., Princeton; David A. Depue, 
Newark; Nathaniel Niles, Madison. 

Gen. William S. Stryker read an interesting paper on the history of the Trenton 
Barracks, built about 1756. and yet standing. 

On motion of Mr. Whitehead, resolutions were passed in favor of continuing the 
publication by the state of the New Jersey Archives, and also of indexes to the wills, 
deeds, and other ancient records and documents in the state archives. 

John F. Hageman then read a paper on " Religious Liberty in New Jersey." 

Thanks were voted to Gen. Stryker and Mr. Hageman for their papers. 

Kansas Historical Society. 

The Lawrence, Kansas, Daily Journal, Jan. 26, 1881, contains a historical ad- 
dress before this society at its annual meeting, by ex-Gov. Charles Robinson, in 
which he narrates the hisory of the settlement of Kansas, and the efforts by which 
it was made a free state. 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEYT-EXGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Increase N. Takbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the memorial 
sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the " Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The first volume, entitled " Memorial 
Biographies," edited by a committee appointed for the purpose, has just 
been issued. It contains memoirs of all the members who died from the 
organization of the society to the close of the year 18o2. A second volume 
is in press. 

Henry White, A.M.. a corresponding member, was one of the best-beloved and 
most honored citizens of New Haven, Conn. In that town was he burn, March 5, 
1803. Here he lived through his long life, and here he died Oct. 7. 18S0. 

He was graduated at Yale College in 1821, at the age of eighteen, with the high- 
est honors of his class. In 1523 he became a tutor in the college, holding the office 
for two years. Soon after, he entered upon the profession of the law, in which he 
has been in the highest sense successful. We mean by this that his life has been 
full of business, while he has used his office only for the most just and honorable 
ends. He has been such a man as will always be found a real treasure in any com- 
munity ; one of those to whom men in perplexity go, feeling that they shall find a 
sure friend and wise counsellor. As a lawyer Mr. White made a specialty of real 
estate and trusts, and few men anywhere have been more sought for in this large 
and responsible department. He was a man of that noble christian type of which 
New England has reared many. During the long period of forty-three years, from 
1837 till his death, he tilled the office of deacon in the Centre Church of New Ha- 
ven, one of the most important churches in New England. Here, for a long course 
of years, he was brought into intimate and friendly relations with Dr. Leonard 
Bacon. As pastor and delegate they have attended together miny ecclesiastical 
councils, and it is rare to find a man wiser to give good advice on such occasions 
than was this distinguished layman. 

Mr. White became a corresponding member of our society Feb. 9, 1854, and 
though his_ life has been very busy, yet, amid the multiplicity of his cases, he has 
felt a real interest in our work and its results. - 

In 1830 he was married to MLss Martha Sherman, daughter of Roger Sherman, 
Esq., of New Haven, granddaughter of the famous Roger Sherman of olden inein- 

VOL. XXIV. 17 



190 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

ory. B3 7 this ruarriasie he had seven sons, of whom six survive, and four of them 
chose the legal profession. 

Being such a man as he was, it was almost inevitable that he should be called 
into many positions of public responsibility and trust. He was a corporate member 
of the American Board for a long course of years. He was connected as president 
or director with the American College and Education Society from 1844 to 1879. 
Indeed, he was a director and counsellor in very many christian organizations, and 
it will be hard to find another man who will exactly fill his place in the various 
spheres in which he acted. 

The Hon. William Hen~ry Tuthill, of Tipton, Iowa, a corresponding member, 
was born in the city of New York, Dec. 5, 1808, and died at Tipton, Sept 8, I860. 
The founder of the family on these shores settled in Southold, Long Island, in 1640. 
The father of William was James M., who was a merchant ; and his mother was 
Emma Townsend. As a boy he enjoyed the advantages of the New York schools, 
and made rapid advances in his early studies. He learned in his youth the art of 
copper and steel-plate engraving, and for a few years wrought at this trade. His 
health failing, he gave up the business as too sedentary and confining. At the time 
when the chclera first visited this country in 183*2, being then twenty-four years 
old, he was actively employed upon the Board of Health in New York, and made 
the record from day to day of rhe cases of the disease. He was afterward for some 
years a clerk in the Chemical Bank of New York. 

In 1810 lie turned from all these associations and employments to the far west, 
making his home in Tipton, Iowa, which was then almost unbroken prairie. He 
first opened a store, but soon turned his attention to law studies. He was admitted 
to the bar, Nov. 13, 1846, and two years later was permitted to practise in the 
U. S. courts. In 1555 he was elected judge of the Eighth District, and retained 
this office five or six years. He also commenced the banking business as early as 
1*50, which he prosecuted with success, being known in Iowa as the Literary 
Banker. 

Judge Tuthill was interested in historical and genealogical pursuits, and was a 
great lover of books. He gathered a choice library of some 5000 volumes, which, 
since his death, has been sent to New York to be sold. 

Among his published writings was an extended review of the famous Dred Scott 
decision, which was prepared and delivered as an address in Iowa in I860, and is 
believed to have increased the republican vote in the state that year. He wrote 
some Historical Sketches fijr the " Annals of Iowa," and he gave the public ad- 
dress at the gathering of the Tuthill family at Southold, Long Island, in le67. This 
address was published in the N. £. Historical and Genealogical Register for July, 
1868. He was made a corresponding member of our society May 14, 1858. 

He was a man of small stature. Though of average height, his weight, in his 
latter years, was only about 103 lbs. 

Judge Tuthill was twice married, but had only one child, a eon, who survives 
him. This is James William Tuthill. of Tipton, Iowa, from whose account the 
foregoing sketch has been chieily compiled. 

"William Brown Spoo.ver, Esq., of Boston, a benefactor and life member, died at 
Boston, Oct. 28, 1880. aged 74 years. 

He was born at Petersham, Mass., April 20, 1806, son of Asa and Dolly (Brown) 
Spooner. His descent was from William Spooner, of Dartmouth, 1637, his grand- 
father Wing Spooner being one of the minute men, and afterwards a captain in the 
revolutionary war. 

Mr. Spooner came to Boston about 1825 to seek his fortune, and found it in the 
hide and leather business, from which he retired in 1873. His first employment on 
coming to Boston was with Emerson & Jones. In 1830 he commenced business for 
himself, the firm being Simpkins & Spooner. On his retirement from a successful 
business career he was at trie head of the firm of William B. Spooner & Co. Mr. 
Spooner in his lon^ business experience had enjoyed the confidence of the business 
community, and was selected as president of the New England Shoe and Leather 
Association on its formation, and was also a Commissioner of the State of Massa- 
chusetts at the Centennial Exhibition. He was a memf>er of the house of represen- 
tatives of Massachusetts in 1^57 and 1858. A business man of sound judgment and 
sterling integrity, his advice and counsel were often sought by the youn<r, and never 
in vain. His testimony was clear and open that each man had in his own conscience 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 191 

a safe guide, and that for himself he had found honesty the only policy. Mr. Spooner 
•was actively interested in all good works, and was an early anti-slavery worker, but 
to the temperance cause he gave his heartiest counsels and most active labors. He was 
president for several years of the Massachusetts Temperance Alliance, and was also 
one of the organizers of the Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society, and its presi- 
dent for ten years, until his death. He was not in favor of separate political action 
by temperance advocates, believing that " the cause of temperance must rest pri- 
marily on moral, educational and religious influences.'' He was also one of the 
original managers of the " Home for Little Wanderers," and a director in the Hide 
ancT Leather Bank of Boston. 

He married Lucy Huntington, a native of Connecticut, who survives. 

Mr. Spooners benefactions are too numerous to be recalled in the space at our 
command ; his example is of too much value to the world to receive only a passing 
notice. Other societies in which he was actively interested will extend the renown 
to which Mr. Spooner is entitled as an upright merchant, a good citizen, a friend of 
mankind. 

His membership in the society is from Oct. 24, 1S70. w. c. bates. 

John Taylor Clark, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, died in Dorchester, Oct. 
30, 1880, aged 55. 

He was born at Sanbornton, N. II., Sept. 19, 1825, the son of John II . and Betsey 
Moore Taylor Clark. He received his education at the district schools of his native 
town, and assisted upon the form and in the store of his father, who was a trader 
and post-master of what is now known as Clark's Corner. After two years further ex- 
perience in a country store (at Franklin, N. II.), Mr. Clark came to Boston at the age 
of twenty, and found employment with Jarvis & Comery, dealers in crockery. Since 
that time Mr. Clark was continuously interested in this line of trade as an importer 
and wholesale dealer, under the firm name at first of Clark & Andrews, and later, 
until his death, as senior of the firm of Clark, Adams & Clark. 

He was greatly interested in the municipal government of Boston, and was a 
member of the board of Aldermen from 1872 to 1878 inclusive. During this time his 
judgment was much relied upon by his associates, and he served upon the most 
important committees during his terms of office, being chairman of the board for 
four" years. 

In business circles he had warm friends, and possessed the respect and esteem of 

all his associates ; and in resolutions adopted on his death at a meeting of the ini- 

; sorters and dealers in crockery-ware, he is spoken of as a most prominent and pub- 

fc-spirited member, " an earnest advocate of every worthy enterprise/' and "an 

lonor to the trade." 

He was much interested in Masonry, and had reached the thirty-third degree of 
the Scottish Rite, and was a member of the order of Knights Templars. 

Mr. Chirk married Oct. 16, 1855. Elizabeth Weld Andrews, and leaves five daugh- 
ters and two sons. His residence had been on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, for 
several years, but latterly at Savin Hill, Dorchester. 

He was admitted Dec. 9, 1875. w. c. b. 

Nathan Bourxe Gibbs, Esq., of Boston, a life member, died in Boston Dec. 5, 
1880, aged 74 years. 

He was born in Sandwich, Mass., May 26, 1S06, son of Nathan B. and Salome 
(Dillingham) Gibbs, of that t<»wn. He was educated at the common school, " with 
a few terms at the Sandwich Academy," and afterwards entered his father's store 
in his native place. He was also for several years engaged with his uncle Alexan- 
der Gibbs, in business in New Bedford. In 1835 his father-in-law Mr. Benjamin 
Burgess invited him to join him in business in Boston, which he did March 1, 1835, 
when the firm Benjamin Burgess dc Sons was formed. His connection with this 
well-known firm Continued till 1876, when Mr. Gibbs retired from active business. 

He was twice married, to sisters, daughters of Mr. Burgess. A widow and six 
adult children survive. 

Mr. Gibbs never held public office, but had held positions of trust in which his 
sound business judgment and careful integrity made him of great value to the in- 
terests entrusted to him. He was a director in the Tremont Bank, in the Boston 
Wharf Corporation, and a Trustee of the Suliblk Savings Bank. He was of a genial 
kindly disposition, and his friendship was highly valued by a wide circle. His 
mercantile career was successful and highly honorable. He was an upright, sin- 



192 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

cere, honest man, and in the family a fond husband and kind father, a good example 
to his fellow man. His health had not been good for some time previous to his 
death, but he died suddenly from heart disease. 

Jle was admitted a member Dec. 6, 1S70. w. c. b. 

The Rev. Frederick Augustus "Whitney, A.M., of Boston, Brighton District, a 
life member, died at his home, Gardner Street. Allston, Oct. 21, 1880, aged 68. 

He was born at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 12, 1S12, son of the Rev. Peter and Jane 
(Lincoln) Whitney, his descent being from John and Elinor Whitney, of Water- 
town, as follows : John, 1 Watertown, 1635-6; Richard 2 ; Moses 3 ; Moses 4 ; Rev. 
Aaron, 6 II. C. 1737 ; Rev. Peter, 6 of Northboro,' H. C. 1762 ; Rev. Peter, 7 II. C. 
1791. Rev. Peter 7 Whitney married April 30, 1800, Jane, daughter of Nathan 
Lincoln, by whom he had six children, and died suddenly (as had his father) March 
3, 1843. 

Frederick A., fifth child of the above, was born at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 13, 1812 ; 
was graduated at Harvard University 1833, being the fourth generation in direct 
line graduating at Harvard. lie continued his studies at Cambridge Divinity 
School, graduating in 1833. He was ordained pastor at the First Church, Brigh- 
ton, Feb. 21, 1844, and continued in the charge of this parish until 1858, since 
which time he had been engaged in literary and historical work. He belonged to a 
scholarly family, several of whom had been specially interested in historical mat- 
ters. His grandfather. Rev. Peter, 6 wrote the ''History of Worcester County." 

Mr. Whitney's father was pastor at Quincy of the church where Presidents Ad- 
ams, father and son, were pew holders and worshippers. A memorial sketch of 
this " Old Church at Quincy ? ' was one of the early published works of Mr. Whit- 
ney. He contributed articles to the Register, and presented to the library several 
of his printed addresses. Mr. Whitney was engaged in the preparation of a His- 
tory of Brighton, left uncompleted at his death ; a portion of this work is embod- 
ied in Drake's History of Middlesex County. 

His interest in education was evinced for several years as a member of the school 
board of Brighton, and as a trustee of the Holton Public Library (now a branch of 
the Boston Public Library) at that place, where may be found many published 
reports, memoirs and addresses from his pen. He was widely known and respected 
in the Unitarian denomination to which he belonged. 

Mr. Whitney married Jan. 11, 1853, Elizabeth Perkins Matchett, who survives 
him. 

His membership in this society is from Feb. 14, 1853. w. c. b. 

The Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D.,an honorary member, admitted March 28, 1855, 
died at his residence, Chestnut Street, Boston, Wednesday morning, Oct. 13, 1880, 
aged 87 years. 

He was born in Duxbury, Mass., on the family estate, April 23, 1793 ; was grad- 
uated at Harvard College with honors in 1812 ; and on taking his second degree in 
1815, he received the highest honor in English oratory. In 1847 his Alma Mater 
fittingly bestowed the honorary decree of LL.D. 

Having chosen the profession of law, he prepared himself fir^t under Judge Tho- 
mas, of Plymouth, then in the Litchfield Law School, and lastly in the office of the 
Hon. Levi Lincoln, at Worcester. He came to the Plymouth County bar in 1815, 
and shortly afterwards removed to Augusta, Me., when, after a practice of two 
years in that place, he settled in Ilallowell, where he speedily acquired distinction. 

In 1820-1 he was a member of the Maine legislature, then declined a reelection. 
He was next appointed district-attorney and judge-advocate, but resigned both 
offices after a brief incumbency. From i825-9 was a representative in Congress, 
and from 1^29-35 a senator in Congress. On completing his senatorial term he re- 
moved to Boston, and continued to practise his profession till the winter of 1810, 
when impaired health compelled him to seek a change of climate in the warmer 
atmosphere of Florida. Alter an absence of several months he returned, and in 1841 
was chosen a presidential elector : and the same year he was appointed Judge of 
the District Court of the United States for Massachusetts, which office he re>igned 
in li->65. Before his appointment as judge. Harvard College offered him the chair 
of Ethics and Moral Philosophy ; but he declined. The Harvard Law School re- 
peatedly sought Judge Sprague's services as professor of law, but without success. 
He published " Speeches and xUldresses " in lb58, and " Decisions " in 1861 and 
1868. 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 193 

As a politician Judge Sprague ranked at the start as anti-Jackson, and though 
in after life not an extreme partisan, his leaning was always in opposition to the 
followers of that positive President. He continued deeply interested in political 
affairs to his last days, and was kept fully informed of passing events. His public 
life was a grand success : his private life without spot or blemish : and as lawyer 
and judge he was held in the highest esteem. He was a model of what may be 
accomplished by a man of indomitable will under affliction ; for, from his college 
days, he was troubled with a nervous affection of the eyes, causing him a great part 
of the time to be obliged to pursue his studies by hearing only, being unable to 
read ; but soon after he began to practise an improvement took place. Soon after 
he went upon the bench his trouble grew so much worse that he was obliged to 
darken the court-room during trials, and even had to keep his eyes closed in the 

Ereseuce of those addressing him. During his last days he became practically 
lind, and was obliged to depend on the services of an attendant, with whom he 
might have been frequently seen on pleasant days enjoying a walk on the common. 

In August, ISIS, Judge Sprague married Sarah, daughter of Moses Deming, of 
Whitesboro', N. Y., who at the death of her parents had become the ward of Gen. 
Joseph Kirkland, of Utiea.an eminent lawyer. Three sons and one daughter were 
the fruits of this union : — 1. Charles Franklin, died in 1840, unmarried. 2. Seth 
Edward, lawyer, married Harriet B., daughter of William Lawrence, and niece of 
Amos and Abbott Lawrence. He died in 1*09, leaving three son= — William Law- 
rence, M.D., a graduate of Harvard College ; Charles Franklin, a graduate of Har- 
vard College, now a student of the Harvard Law School, and Ricnard, an under 
graduate of Harvard College. 3. Francis Peleg, M.D., married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Amory Lowell, of Boston. 4. Sarah, married George P. L^pham, now 
a citizen of Nahant : they have George P. Upham, Jr., an under-graduate of Har- 
vard, and one daughter. 

Judge Sprague was of the sixth generation from William 1 Spragve, who came 
from England in 1029 to Salem, and finally settled in Hingham, where he filled va- 
rious town offices. His son, Sergt. Samuel, 2 born in 1G40, removed to Marshfield, 
where he became a valued citizen, filling numerous offices, besides being the fourth 
and last secretary of the Old Colony. Samuel. 3 his son, settled in Duxbury, and 
was father of Phineas, 4 a prominent citizen, whose son, the Hon. Seth 6 Sprague y 
father of the deceased, was a prominent merchant of Duxbury, and many years in 
the Massachusetts senate and house of representatives. n. ellzry. 

.Thomas Carter Smith, Esq., a resident member, admitted 1S46, died at his resi- 
dence in Brimmer Street, Boston, Septemh 3r 24, 1850, in his 85th year. 

He was born in Court Street, Boston, July 14, 1790. In 1811 he entered the 
counting room of Messrs. Ropes & Pickman, to fit himself for a mercantile career ; 
but he soon relinquished this employment for a sea-farina: life. From 1915 to 1829 
he made many voyages to the East Indies, the Mediterranean and South America, 
first in the capacity of captain's clerk and afterwards as captain. He was full of 
anecdotes of his experience during these many visits to other lands; was wont to 
tell of his capture by Greek pirates, and of the many distinguished persons he had 
met and known. Prominent among these was Lord Byron, who took a great fancy 
to this young and handsome American, then living in Leghorn. He at one time 
while abroad lived under the same roof with the Princess Pauline Bonaparte. At 
home his family occupied a high social position ; thus accustomed to mingle in cul- 
tivated and refined circles, he was well fitted to meet, and be well received by, emi- 
nent persons abroad. 

As a business man he was active, honest, sagacious ; and firm as a rock when con- 
vinced he was in the right; From 1849 to 1808 he was president of the Merehants' 
Insurance Company ; and from 1842 to 1880 treasurer of the Lewis Wharf Corpo- 
ration. These offices he filled to his credit, proving himself worthy of the trusts. 

He was a strong character : strong in his affections; strong in his likings, and 
equally strong in showing his dislike of mean ways and mean people. Eminently 
domestic in his tastes, he loved wife and children tenderly. Not knowing actually 
what sickness was till very recently : with a strong religious faith in the great truths 
which underlie all creeds ; rarely talking of his religious experiences, — for he hated 
cant, it ordy remained that a happy death should fitly end what he often called 
" a singularly happy life." 

And death came, after this long and useful life, and found him ready and well 
prepared to enter upon that other life beyond the grave. So he passed away, with 

VOL. XXXV. 17* 



194 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

little suffering or pain of any kind, repeating tbe old hymns and prayers he used to 
say years ago, and went without a murmur. 

He married, in 183 1, Frances, daughter of Moses Barnard, of Nantucket, who 
survives him with five children, viz. : I. Frances Barnard, married Thomas Davis 
Townsend ; 2. Hannah; 3. Thomas Carter, married .Mary Gelpi, of New Orleans, 
and has one son Thomas; 4. William Vincent, who, since his father's death, has 
assumed the name of Carter, married Alice, daughter of the Rev. John Parkman, 
and has one son Theodore Parkman ; 5. Elizabeth Hall. 

Mr. Smith's lineage, of the most respectable character, is traced to Thomas 1 
Smith, of Charlestown, Mass., who is said to have come from England about 1660, 
and married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Boylston. Their son Capt. William, 2 born 
March 24, 1666-7, was a wealthy shipmaster and merchant of Charlestown. lie 
died June 3, 1730. His wife was Abigail, daughter of Isaac Fowle. Their son 
Isaac, 3 one of the wealthiest merchants and the largest shipowner of his day in 
Boston; also a larire contributor of funds to carry on the Revolution, was born in 
1719 and died in 1787. He married Elizabeth Storer. The Rev. William Smith, 
of Weymouth, II. C. 1725, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. John Quincy, 
and whose daughter Abigail married Pre-ident John Adams, was his brother. 
"William, 4 son of Isaac, 3 born in 1755 ; H. C. 1775 ; a soldier of the Revolution and 
merchant of Boston, married Hannah Carter, of Newburyport, and was father of 
Thomas Carter 5 Smith. Mr. Smith's uncle, Rev. Isaac Smith, II. C. 1767, was 
preceptor of By field Academy. h. e. 

Edmund Bailey O'Callagfiax, M.D., LL.D., a corresponding member of this 
society since May 9, 1851, died at New York. .May 29, 1880, aged 83 years. 

He was born at Mallow, County of Cork, Ireland, February 29, 1797. The young- 
est son of a " well-to-do" family, he received a liberal education, and spent two 
years at Paris pursuing his studies. Returning to his home, he shorty proceed- 
ed to Canada, arriving at Quebec in 18-23, where he continued the study of med- 
icine, and was admitted to practice in 1827. He became well known as an ardent 
friend of Ireland and of Irishmen in Canada, and became the editor of the Vindica- 
tor, the organ of the patriots. He was a member of the Provincial Parliament in 
1835, and in the difficulties between the patriots and the government in 1837, he 
took a prominent part with Papineau and Perrault. He fled from Canada, having 
became obnoxious to the government b}' the vigor of his opposition, and a reward 
was offered for his capture. He came to New York, and was received and sheltered 
by Chancellor Walworth at Saratoga. 

Dr. O'Callaghan commenced the practice of medicine at Albany in 1838, and was 
in a short time appointed custodian of the historical manuscripts in the office of the 
secretary of state at Albany. His studious habits and historical taste led him to 
extensive research among the early records of the state, and for this purpose he 
learned the Dutch language, the early archives being in that language. His first 

{mblished work, the result of these researches, was ' k The History of New Nether- 
ands." Numerous historical works followed from his pen, notably the "Jesuit 
Relations of Discoveries," " Documentary History of New York," " Commissary 
"Wilson's Orderly Book." " Orderly Book of Gen. John Burgoyne," " Journals of 
the Legislative Assemblies of the State of New Y 7 ork." k " American Bibles," " The 
Register of New Netherlands," " Voyages of the slavers of St. John and Arms," 
" Voyage of George Clarke to America," " Historical Manuscripts relating to the 
"War of the Revolution," " Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands, 1638-1674." 
In 1870 Dr. O'Callaghan removed to New Y'ork city, and was engaged in prepar- 
ing for the press the " Proceedings of the Common Council of New York from 1674 
to 1870." This was printed but never published, the reaction from the Tweed gov- 
ernment leading the authorities to ignore the work. 

Dr. O'Callaghan was confined to his room two years previous to his death. The 
degreeof M.D. was conferred on him in 1846 by St. Louis Cniversity ; and ^it. John's 
College, Fordham, N. Y., conferred upon him that of LL.D. He was a member of 
the New York Historical Society, and was admitted a corresponding member of 
this society May 9, 1854. w. c. b. 

Prof. William Channing Fowler, LL.D., a resident member admitted February 
19, 1863, died at Durham, Conn., Jan. 15, 1881, in his 88th year. 
lie was bom in what is nuw Clinton, Conn, (formerly Killingworth), September 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 195 

1, 1793. When he was four years old his parents removed to Durham, and in !S09 
they removed again to Madison, Conn. From his early boyhood he was an eager 
seeker after books. Considering Dr. Fowler's great age at his death, it is certainly 
remarkable that one of the instructors under whose tuition he fitted for college. Dr. 
Leonard Withington. of Newbury, Mass., should still be living. Young Fowler 
entered Yale College in 1512, and was graduated in due course in 1816. During a 
part of his senior year he was Rector of the Hopkins Grammar School. After his 

fraduation he spent a year as private tutor in the family of Maj. John Arinistead, 
irginia. 

.Returning to New Haven he was again made Rector of the Grammar School, and 
commenced the study of theology. In 15 19 he was chosen tutor, and held this office 
nearly five years. In the year lS'25 he was settled as pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Greenfield. Mass. In 1527 he was chosen Professor of Chemistry and 
Natural History in Middlebury College. He accepted and continued in office eleven 
years. In 1838 he took the Professorship of Rhetoric, Oratory and Belles Lettres in 
Amherst College, remaining in office four years. He continued to reside at Am- 
herst until 1856, when he removed to Durham, Conn., where he died. In 1S50 he 
represented the town of Amherst in the Massachusetts legislature. In 1561 he was 
a member of the Connecticut Senate. In the year 1852 he went abroad and visited 
many of the libraries in the old world. In the course of his advancing age his mind 
was kept busy by various studies, historical, literary and genealogical. Among his 
published pamphlets and volumes are the following : Sermon at the ordination of 
Rev. Robert Southgate. Woodstock, 1532: Discourse before the Vermont Coloniza- 
tion Society, Middlebury. 1534, pp. 34 ; English Grammar : The English Language 
in its Elements and Forms, N. Y., 1550, pp. 675 : Cultivation of the Taste — Address 
atMt. Holyoke Female Seminary, Amherst, 1850, pp. 31 ; Address on Music, pp. 8 ; 
The Clergy and Popular Education, pp. 14 : Sermon at the Dedication of South 
Congregational Church. Durham. Amherst, 1548 ; Address before the Middlesex 
Qounty Agricultural Society, Middletown, 1853. pp. 19; Condition of Success in 
Genealogical Investigation, illustrated in the Character of Nathaniel Chauncey ; 
Paper read before the N. E. Historic. Genealogical Society, 1866, pp. 28. The fol- 
lowing are bound volumes : Memorials of the Chaunceys, Boston, 1858 ; History of 
Durham from 1062 to 1566. Hartford, 1566 ; Local Law in Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut, historically cm-idered, Albany, 1872; Essays, Historical, Literary and 
Educational, Hartford, 1=76 ; The Sectional Controversy, or passages in the politi- 
cal history of the United States, including the Causes of the War between the sec- 
tions, with certain results. New York. 1568. 

Prof. Fowler was descended from William Fowler, of Milford, Conn., and on his 
mother's side from President Charles Cnauncey. In addition to his literary labors, 
above noticed, he was, in 1845, editor of the University Edition of Webster's 
Dictionary. 

Prof. Fowler was married July 21, 1825, to Mrs. Harriet ( Webster) Cobb, daughter 
of Noah Webster, lexicographer, and widow oi Edward Cobb, of Portland, Conn. 
She died March 30, lo44. They had four children, three sons and a daughter. 

The Rev. John Waddixgtok, D.D., of London, England, a corresponding mem- 
ber of this society since Dec. 27, 1554, died in London, September 30, 1880, aged 69 
years. 

He was born at Leeds Dec. 10, 1810; educated at Airdale College, and ordained 
pastor of the Congregational Church, Stockport, May 23, 1833. In 1846 Dr. Wad- 
dington removed to i>juthwark, where he remained until 1871, in charge of a Con- 
gregational society. 

In 1859 he visited this country and was present at the dedicatory services at Ply- 
mouth Rock, in which he took part. 

The degree D.D. was conferred by Williams College. Dr. Waddington had pub- 
lished several works on religious topics, his Congregational History in four volumes 
being the best known in this country. w. c. b. 

Dana Boardman Putnam, M.D., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was born 
in Rumford, Me., Sept. 19, 1625, and died at his home, 59 Temple Street, Boston, 
of pneumonia, Feb. 11. 1=81. 

He was the son of Jacob Putnam, also born in Rumford, June 6, 1791, and of 
Betsey Parker, born in Yarmouth. Me., March 4, 1794. He was ot the ninth gene- 
ration from John Putnam of Salem (1034), through his Bon Nathaniel. The early 



196 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

years of Dr. Putnam were spent in labor upon his father's farm. At the age of 
twenty he entered upon his studies preparatory to college, at first in the Maine 
"Wesleyan Seminary, and- afterward in Yarmouth Seminary. In 1818 he entered 
Bovrdoin College, and was graduated, in due course, in 1852. lie pursued his med- 
ical studies at Bowdoin College, at Jefferson Medical College, Pa., and at the Medi- 
cal College of Georgia, receiving from each of these two last named institutions the 
degree of M.D. ; from the former in 1S53, and from the latter in 1854. During his 
course of education he paid his own way, and that chiefly by teaching school in 
the winters. 

As a ph}-sician he settled in Troup County, Georgia, in 1856. where he remained 
for sixteen years, having a large medical practice on an extended territory. The 
region over which he rode, day and night, was malarious, and his health suffered 
severely from these exposures. At length came the war of the rebellion. Though 
he had endeavored to leave for the north before this contest began, he was delayed, 
and was compelled to remain south during the years in which the struggle lasted. 
In 1808 he came north with his family, and settled as a physician in Boston, where 
he has since resided. 

Dr. Putnam was united in marriage, December 19, 1851, to Huldah Jane Manly, 
daughter of Richard Manly, of Alabama. By this union were five children, two 
sons and three daughters, who with their mother survive. Dr. P. was prominently 
connected with the Masons and Odd-Fellows, as also with the Sons of Temperance. 
He was a man of good culture, and used his pen lreely, as occasion called, both in 
prose and verse. For one year (1855) he was Professor of Languages in the south- 
ern Military Academy at Fredonia, Alabama. 

For some years past he has given special attention to genealogical studies, and 
has been deeply interested in preparing a Putnam family tree. Upon this he 
has inserted the names of an immense number of that prolific race which sprang 
from John Putnam of Salem. He has gathered more than 2,000 names of the male 
descendants of John Putnam. 
- Dr. Putnam was made a member of the society, Oct. 6, 1879. 

The Rev. Silas Ketchum, a resident member, was born in Barre, Vt., Dec. 4, 
1835. He was the son of Silas and Cynthia (Doty) Ketchum. 

At the age of fifteen he learned the shoemaker's trade, and by its practice helped 
to support his invalid parents until the death of his father in 1855. His leisure 
time, forced out of late hours, was devoted t<5 the study of hard earned books. He 
entered the Hopkinton Academy in the spring of 1856, and although his opportu- 
nities for study had been so limited, he was by no means an inferior scholar. Be- 
fore leaving the academy, he served as assistant teacher ; and, in 1858-59, he taught 
in the high school at Amherst. In May, 1860, he entered Appleton Academy, .New 
Ipswich, and this was his last term at school. He married, April 4, 1860, Georgia 
Cevetia Hardy, daughter of Elbridge and Sarah (Stevens) Hardy, of Amherst, by 
whom he had two children — 1. Georye Crowdl ; 2. Edmund Silas. 

In the autumn of I860 he entered Bangor Theological Seminary, and graduated 
in 1863. During the three years here he supported himself and family by working 
at his trade of shoemaking. He also pursued many studies outside of those required 
in the seminary. 

After graduating he taught for a short term in Nelson High School, while await- 
ing an engagement as pastor. In December, l s 63, Mr. Ketchum commenced 
preaching at Wardsboro', Vt.. remaining there until September, 1865. He was or- 
dained pastor of the Congregational Church at Bristol, N. H., Sept. 17. 1867, and 
remained thereuntil May 2, 1875. From July, 1875, till October, 1876, he was 
minister of the Congregational Church at Maplewood (Maiden), Mass. He preached 
at Ilenniker through the fall and winter of 1876-77. On the 15th of July, 1877, 
he commenced preaching to the Second Congregational Church, Windsor, Conn., 
and was installed its pastor May 1, 1879, where he continued to preach until a few 
weeks previous to his death. He was highly esteemed as a faithful and self-sacri- 
ficing pastor. 

His love for literary pursuits began at an early age. As soon as he learned to 
read and write he began a diary on odds and ends of paper which he afterwards 
kept in note books. While at school he wrote several creditable articles in prose 
and verse, and his school " compositions " were of superior merit. In 1860-01 he 
became a regular contributor to various papers and periodicals in New England. 
He published many works in book and pamphlet form. His greatest literary un- 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 197 

dertaking, a Dictionary of New Hampshire Biography, on account of failing health 
and for other reasons, was left uncompleted. His manuscripts were bequeathed by 
him to this society, and it is hoped that arrangements will be made for the comple- 
tion and publication of the work. 

He was an active member of various societies. In 1873 he became a member of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society, and Feb. 10, 1673, a resident member of 
this society. He was the leading spirit ol the Philomathic Club, which became 
the nucleus of the N. H. Antiquarian Society. Hejoined the Free Masons in 1664, 
and was chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, 1871-75. 

His last sermon was preached March 21, 1860, and he died in Boston, at the resi- 
dence of Mr. Gage, April 24 following. w. c. b. 

Col. James Hemphill Jones, U. S. Marines, alife member, was the son of Morgan 
and Mary (Hemphill) Jones, and was born at Wilmington, Delaware, May 6, 1821, 

He was educated at the high school at Ellington, Conn., and entered the revenue 
service March 3, 1847, as second lieutenant, and afterwards the Marine Corps, 
where he rose to the rank of colonel. He was an ornament to the service and high- 
ly respected by his associates. 

Col. Jones was a man of cultivated tastes, fond of historical studies ; and a most 
hospitable man, who delighted to give entertainments to his friends. His house was 
filled with valuable curiosities, pictures and other works of art. He was a gener- 
ous contributor to this and other libraries. He was a member of the Historical 
Society of Delaware, which society is indebted to him for valuable contributions to 
its librar} 7 . He was admitted a member of this society Nov. 7, 1873, and had pre- 
pared an essay to be read before it on Napoleon at St. Helena, on which he had be- 
stowed much research. 

He married, September 27, 1842, Margaret Ross Patterson, who survives him. 
H£ died at his official quarters in the Charlestown navy-yard, April 17, 1880, after 
thirty-three years of service, during which he had passed through many active en- 
gagements on land and sea. His illness lasted but a few days, oeing a severe case 
of pneumonia. The funeral services w T ere held Tuesday afternoon. April 20, at St. 
John's Church, Charlestown, of which he was junior warden, Rev. Thomas R. 
Lambert, D.D., officiating, assisted by Rev. Nathan II. Chamberlain, and one other 
clergyman. The remains were taken to Wilmington, Del., where they arrived 
April 2, and were interred in the Wilmington and Brandywine Cemetery. 

A singular coincidence occurred shortly after this "funeral. The brother of 
Our member, Mr. William Hemphill Jones, having attended the ceremonies at 
Charlestown, died suddenly in Washington on the next Friday, April 27th. His 
death was caused by a severe cold contracted while attending the funeral of his- 
brother. His own funeral took place on the Monday following, and was attended 
by many distinguished men. He was the one to whom Gen. Dix, then secretary of 
the treasury, gave his famous order : " If any one attempts to haul down the Amer- 
ican flag, shoot him on the spot." See Preble's "History of the United States 
Flag," page 399. w. c. b. 

Jonx Scrtbner Jenness, A.B.. of New York city, a corresponding member, was 
born in Deerfield, N. H., April 6, 1827, and died at Newcastle, N. II., August 10, 
1879, aged 52 years. 

He was the only son of Richard and Caroline (McClintock) Jenness. His father 
was born at South Deerfield, N. H., in 1801, ana his mother at Portsmouth, N. II., 
in 1804. The ancestor of the family, Francis 1 Jennings, arrived in New Hampshire 
about 1665, and resided for the last forty-five years of his life at Rye, N. H. He mar- 
ried, 1671, Hannah Cox, daughter of Moses Cox, of Hampton. From them through 
Richard, 2 born 1686, Richard, 3 born 1717, Richard,' 1 born 1747, Thomas, b born 
1772. and Richard, 6 his father, 1801, he traces his descent. 

Mr. Jenness graduated at Harvard College in 1845. In 1849 he entered upon 
the practice of law at Portsmouth, N. II., and removed from thence to the 
city of New York in 1851, where he continued in his profession until about 1870, 
visiting Europe however in the summers of 1860 and 1865. Most of the years 1673 
and 1874 were also spent with his family in Europe, and since his return his studies 
have been directed to literary and antiquarian pursuits. Among his published 
works is " A Historical Sketch of the Isles of Shoals," 1874 — an admirable little 
volume which soon reached a second and enlarged edition. In 1876 he edited and 
printed a collection of early documents relating to New Hampshire. Later, he 



198 Booh j\ T otices. [April, 

printed for the use of bis friends, " Notes on the First Planting of New Hamp- 
shire, and on the Piscataqua Patents." In 1872 he issued for private circulation a 
" Memorial of the late Hon. Richard Jenness," with a genealogy of the Jenness 
family. Also, in 1SC6, a book of European travel. At the time of his decease he 
was far advanced in the composition of a historical romance founded on events and 
characters in Acadia more than two centuries ago. 

Mr. Jenness had a tine poetic taste. He was fond of music and mountain 
scenery, especially that of northern Europe. The literature he best knew, and 
enjoyed most, was the old English, and that of the north, the Scandinavian ; and 
in the legendary history of Norway and the frontiers of Hungary, which he sev- 
eral times visited, he was well versed. His library, a fine one, was well stored with 
Scandinavian literature and with English local histories. He was possessed of a 
wonderful memory, a quick perception, a strong intellect, with great enthusiasm 
and force of character. 

He married, February 9, 1866, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William I. Pease, of 
New York city, who, with three daughters, 1. Caroline McClintock, 2. Mary Hali- 
burlon, and 3. Clara Rosma, survived him. The widow has since died. 

He was admitted a corresponding member March 4, 1876. 

s. CUTLER. 

Elias Hasket Derby, A.M., of Boston, a resident member since May 11, 1874, 
died at Boston, March 31, 1880, aged 76. 

He was born at Salem, Sept. 24, 1803, a son of Elias H. 3 and Lucy (Brown) 
Derby, and descended from Roger 1 Derby, who emigrated from Topsham, Eng- 
land, about 1665, and settled in Essex County, Mass., through Richard,- -Richard, 3 
Elias Hasket* Elias Hasket, 6 his father, who was born and bred in Boston, but 
later in life resided in Charlestown and Londonderry, N. H. A memoir of the first 
Elias Hasket Derby is published in the Lives of Eminent American Merchants. 

Mr. Derby commenced his studies at the academy of Dr. Stearns, of Medford, 
then attended the Pinkerton Academy at Londonderry, N. H., and the Boston Latin 
School. He entered Harvard College and graduated with the Latin Salutatory in 
1824. He then studied law for a time in the office of Daniel Webster, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1826, where he attained a high position. He was much in- 
terested in railroads, being engaged as counsel in many important cases connected 
with their interests, and held the office of president of several railway companies. 
His interest and knowledge of various interests and public questions was very ex- 
tended aud full. He was what we call a public-spirited man, contributing to maga- 
zines and newspapers his opinions upon many public questions. One of the last 
questions engaging his attention was that of the sewerage system of Boston. 
Among other works he published, Two Months Abroad, 1844 ; The Catholic, 1856 ; 
A Trip Across the Continent, known as the Overland Route to the Pacific, and 
several others. Mr. Derby had travelled through most of the states of our Union, 
and had been three times to Europe, travelling over the greater part of it. 

He married Eloise Floyd Strong, daughter of George \V. Strong, of St. George's 
Manor, Long Island, afterwards an eminent lawyer of New York. 

Mr. Derby leaves four sons and one daughter — Dr. Hasket Derby, oculist ; 
George Derby, counsellor at law ; Dr. Richard H. Derby, oculist, of New York ; 
Nelson Floyd Derby, architect, and Lucy Derby. w. c. b. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

The North American Revieio. Edited by Allen Tiiorndike Rice. [Published 
monthly by D. Appleton & Co., New York. Terms : £.j.OO per annum.] 

The life of this leading and representative literary review, covers a long period 
in the history of American letters. We speak of life as meaning vitality, and 
force, and influence — and all thete belong especially to the old " North American." 



1881.] Book Notices. 199 

Established originally in IS 15 by William Tudor, it soon became the organ of an 
association of the foremost literary gentlemen and scholars of Boston, and early 
received the aid of such brilliant writers of the time as William Tudor, Nathan 
Hale, Richard II. Dana, Edward T. Channing and Jared Sparks. It led a some- 
what varying life up to 18-0, when the editorship was assumed by Edward Everett, 
who filled the position for four years. It then became the property of that distin- 
guished scholar and historian. Jared Sparks, by whom it was edited until 1630. 
The Review from its foundation received the contributions of the foremost scholars 
and writers in the country, while of that distinguished number of persons eminent 
for literary, scientific or professional learning who resided in the neighborhood of 
Boston, nearly all were contributors to its pages. Among these may be mentioned 
Chief Justice Shaw. John Adams, Josiah Quincy, Daniel Webster, Judge Story, 
Dr. Bowditeh, William H. Prescott. Edward Everett, J. G. Palfrey, William Cul- 
len Bryant, Theophiius Parsons, Caleb Cusiung and George Ticknor. In lb30 the 
Review passed under the editorial management of Elon. John G. Palfrey — the now 
venerable historian of New England — who conducted it for seven years. Among 
the distinguished contributors to its pages during this period were Admiral Davis, 
Lewis Cass. Rufus Choate. Prof. Cornelius C. Felton, Henry R. Schoolcroft and 
J. Lothrop Motlei'. In 1842 Mr. Francis Bowen became its editor, which service 
was rendered by him until 1S54 , when he was succeeded by Rev. Andrew P. Pea- 
body, who continued to edit it fur a period of ten years. During this period the pages 
of the review were enriched by the contributions of George S. Ilillard, Richard II. 
Dana, Jr., Charles Francis Adams, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Sumner, Ralph 
Waldo Emerson and Henry W. Longfellow. The more recent history of the Re- 
view, which embraces the successive editorial work of James Russell Lowell, Ed- 
ward L. Godkin and Allen Thorndike Rice, is familiar to all scholars; and with 
this modern period new and vigorous writers are furnishing articles to its pages, 
which, as the years go on. will not suffer in comparison with the contributions of 
those brilliant and foundation writers who, in the early days of American litera- 
ture, made this grand old review the synonym of all that was scholarly, and able 
and profound in letters. During the past two years the review, in its monthly 
form — which we are far from approving — has treated in a manly way almost every 
vital subject of literature, social science and national polity. The names of some - 
of its contributors are new. but they are becoming quite representative, while 
among them are not a few of' the foremost scholars of the time — James Anthony 
Froude, Goluwin Smith. Sir James E. Thorold Rogers, George Ticknor Curtis, 
George S. Boutwell, David A. Weils, Francis Parkman, Richard H. Stoddard. Alex- 
ander Winchell, Henry W. Bellows. Of great and special value to all scholars of 
American history and antiquity, is the ser"es of articles now publishing on the ru- 
ined cities of Central America, by M. Desire Charnay, illustrated by heliotype 
plates, and forming one of the most important Contributions to American history 
that has appeared in late years. The introduction to this series by the editor, Mr. 
Rice, which appeared in the number for August last, is a tine example of compact, 
clear and brilliant writing. If less American than formerly in its choice of writers 
and treatment of subjects, and more international — and on this account less 
acceptable to a few readers — it must be remembered that American scholarship 
is more cosmopolitan, and treatment of all great questions bears a more intimate 
relation to the nations, than in the early days of our literature. While being 
somewhat international it is nevertheless truly American, and what is more is the 
North American Review of Bryant and Irving, Ticknor and Bancroft, Everett and 
Lowell. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me.] 

History of Neicton, Massachusetts. Town and City . from its Earliest Settlement to 
the Present Time. 1030 to 1680. By S. F. Sunn, D.D. Boston : The Ameri- 
can Logotype Company. 1880. [Svo. pp. xi.-f-85I, with map and illustrations. 
Price si. 50 in cloth : s5.50 in Arabesque leather, and £0. 50 in half calf. For 
sale by A. Williams &, Co., 283 Washington Street, Boston.] 

The beautiful city of Newton, with its picturesque scenery of hill, dale and river, 
its broad shady avenues, its hand-oine churches, public buildings and private es- 
tates, its neat and well-ordered general appearance, the lovely views on the Charles 
River, as it winds its serpentine coils around three sides of the town, recalling 
.Longfellow's lines, 



200 Booh Notices. [April, 

" River ! That in silence windest 

Through the meadows bright and free, 
Till at night thy rest thou iindest 
In the bosom of the sea !" 

These qualities, together with its quiet air of comfort and repose, might well inspire 
the eloquence of the poet or the skill of the painter, as well as the matter-of-fact 
description of the historian. Newton is in its modern garb one of the finest examples 
of Massachusetts taste, culture and wealth, as exhibited in the development of sub- 
urban cities ; and this fact, coupled with the remarkable natural beauty of its lo- 
cality, render it one of those lovely and attractive spots which the citizens of our 
old Commonwealth may justly look upon with pleasure and with pride. 

Newton has found an able chronicler in the person of the Rev. Dr. S. F. Smith, 
who, although he has not dwelt much upon the local beauty of his subject, has yet 
brought to bear upon it a commendable industry, which the seeker after local his- 
torical facts will readily appreciate. He has followed Dr. Paige to some extent in 
that author's history of Cambridge, the parent town of Newton. The early history 
and gradual progress of the latter through all the vicissitudes of fortune which 
usually mark the record of our provincial towns, is given with fidelity and justice. 
The various institutions of Newton are described in detail, and the public spirit of 
its citizens is well expressed in the following extract from a portion of the address 
of George II. Jones, Esq., on the occasion of the transfer of the Newton Free Li- 
brary to the city government, March 16, 1876, which Dr. Smith gives on page 680 : 

" The citizens of Newton have ever recognized that public benefits require public 
benevolence, and that the giving must precede the enjoyment of the benefit." 

Some other towns might adopt this idea with advantage. The series of remini- 
scences and sketches of the prominent public men of Newton is made an especial 
feature, and renders the volume of additional interest to the general reader. Por- 
traits of James F. Hyde, William Claflin, Seth Davis, Alden Speare, Otis Pettee, 
the Rev. Joseph Grafton. Alfred L. Baury, D. L. Furber, Barnas Sears, Marshall 
S. Rice, H.J. Ripley, Irah Chase, H. B. Hackett, J. Wiley Edmands, William B. 
Fowle, Alexander II. Rice, A. B. Ely, R. M. Pulsifer, and the author, are given, 
together with illustrations of the various public buildings, and a fac-simile of Dr. 
Smith's manuscript of his well-known hymn, " America." The book is printed in 
good style, and altogether adds another worthy volume to the growing list of town 
histories. 

[By Oliver B. Siebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass.] 

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: Session 1879-80: 
Vol. xxxii. Liverpool : Adam Holden, 48 Church Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 204.] 

This Society, formed in 1843, now, by a steady rate of progression, ranks among 
the most effective and important of similar societies in England, and probably has 
no superior in any one of them. Confining its researches and publications to mat- 
ters pertaining almost exclusively to the two counties named, it has already done 
a vast amount of good work, both as regards the general antiquities and early his- 
tory of the district, and the history of its important families. Its series of publica- 
tions contain much of interest to historical students on both sides of the Atlan- 
tic. The contents of the present volume are varied in character, but all of more 
or less permanent value, among which may be specially named an excellent account 
of the Clayton families of Cheshire and of Ireland, by Mr. J. Paul Rylands, Cor- 
responding Member of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. The number 
of Honorary Members is limited to thirty, and it may be mentioned that at the last 
election two Americans had this honor conferred upon them, in connection with Sir 
Bernard Burke and Mr. John Ruskin. 

[By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., of London, England.] 

History of the Town of Antrim, New Hampshire, from its Earliest Settlement to 
June 27, 1877, with a brief Genealogical Record of all the Antrim Families. By 
Rev. W. R. Cochrane, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church. Published by the Town. 
Manchester, N. II. : Mirror Steam Job Printing Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. xxiv.-f- 
791. With Portraits, Illustrations and Town Map.] 

The old town of Londonderry, N. II., of which Antrim is one of the numerous 
outgrowths, was in former days one of the most important towns in New Hamp- 
shire, only surpassed by that of Portsmouth. It was settled by some of the- best 
material that came over previous to the Revolution — the thrifty and energetic 



. 



1881.] Booh Notices. 201 

Scotto-Irish colonists from Londonderry, Ireland, from which place the American 
settlement was named. The gallant defence of Londonderry in the old country 
against the army of James II. and in the cause of King William III., in 16S9, is 
most vividly described by the Rev. Mr. Cochrane in his introductory chapter to this 
history of Antrim, and forms one of the most interesting features of the book. 
These colonists were Protestants and Presbyterians ; but, though sharing the reli- 
gious beliefs of a large portion of the Massachusetts people, were much misrepre- 
sented by the latter, who entertained a prejudice against them without reason and 
without fact to justify it. The result of this was the loss to Massachusetts of a 
population which would have greatly vitalized and strengthened her power, but 
which sought in the wilderness of New Hampshire for the freedom here denied 
them. Thus established. Londonderry rapidly grew in strength and resources, and 
became the parent of numerous surrounding towns, Antrim being one. One of these 
eettlements was made as far west as Cherry Valley, New York. These towns have 
to some extent a common history, and the various vicissitudes incidental to a fron- 
tier life, exposed to Indian warfare, are given by the author with care and accuracy. 
He has also described at some length the complications and disputes arising from 
the question of jurisdiction and proprietary rights to the New Hampshire territory, 
between the descendants of Capt. John Mason and the Massachusetts authorities. 

Antrim, like Londonderry, derives its name from an Irish town. It appears, 
fromr Mr. Cochrane's description, to be very pleasantly located. Its inhabitants 
maintained their ancestral reputation for intelligence, thrift, energy and patriotism. 
When the Lexington alarm sounded the call to arms, every male person capable of 
bearing arms rushed to the front, a record scarcely paralleled in the history of any 
other town ; and this too when the settlement was in its infancy, the rude log houses 
scarcely finished and the farms hardly developed. The gallant General John Stark 
and Col. George Keid are instances, among numerous others, of the patriotism which 
this section of the country produced. 

Mr. Cochrane's introductory chapter is as full of interest as any in the volume, 
and readers who are in the habit of neglecting introductions will find they have 
missed much important matter by so doing in this instance. The larger portion of 
the book is devoted to genealogical matter, which appears to have been very tho- 
roughly written. Portraits of prominent citizens are given, together with illustra- 
tions of churches and residences. Mr. Cochrane has added a valuable contribution 
to local history by this account of a people who contributed to establish and to make 
up their full share of the sturdy New England character. It is a subject for con- 
gratulation that the circle of these town histories is widening, as many an impor- 
tant fact is here discovered which has been the object of tedious and often fruitless 
research on the part of the more ambitious historian. 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education 1880 Washington : 

Government Printing Office. 1830. [8vo. No. 1, pp. 27; No. 2, pp. ill ; No. 
3, pp. 96 ; No. 4, pp. 106 ; No. 5, pp. 26.] 

In the Register for July last (xxxiv. 219), the Circulars of this Bureau for the 
year 1879 were noticed. Those issued in 1380 are equally valuable. The subjects 
are as follows : No. 1, College Libraries as Aids to Instruction ; No. 2, Proceedings 
of the National Education Association, Feb. 18-20, 1880; No. 3, Legal Rights of 
Children; No. 4, Rural School Architecture ; No. 5, English Rural Schools. 

The Journal of Education, Boston, Feb, 3, 1881, speaks of the Bureau as follows : 

" The growth of the National Bureau of Education is one of the most remarka- 
ble phenomena of the new order of affairs in Washington, In the face of congres- 
sional neglect, and too often of senseless opposition from North and South, it has 
increased under the intelligent and persistent efforts of Commissioner Eaton, till it 
is now in the condition of an overgrown boy trying to navigate in a suit of clothes 
that was a tight fit five years ago. It is to be hoped that President Garfield, who 
may almost be called the father of this Bureau, and is by all odds our most culti- 
vated president since the second Adams, will follow up the splendid initiative of 
President Hayes, and bring education so decisively to the front that our irovernruent 
will finally establish a distinct department to which the management of the proposed 
education land-fund shall be intrusted. But at present the Bureau of Education 
is the only place in the United States where the student can find a collection of doc- 
uments representing the condition of all peoples in this regard." 

VOL. XXXV. 18 



202 Book Notices. [April, 

On Some Curiosities and Statistics of Parish Registers. By the Rev. W. C. Plen- 
derleath. [H. F. & E. Bull, Printer?, Devizes, Wiltshire, England. Svo. pp. 36.] 

The establishment of parochial or parish. Registers in England by royal authority 
in 1538, is one of the fruits of the Reformation in that Isle. Never has this act 
been disapproved. Parliament, on the other hand, has several times interposed and 
amended the system, which is now quite perfect. 

For a period of nearly three hundred and fifty years, the births or baptisms, 
marriages and deaths, the three most important events in the lives of men and wo- 
men, are registered. Of these Registers there are now over eight hundred extant, 
which begin in 1533 and are continued to this day — precious memorials of our 
ancestors. 

The Rev. Mr. Plenderleath. rector of Cherhill, co. Wilts, has prepared and print- 
ed a very interesting and useful historical sketch of the English system of Regis- 
tration, extending from the days of the Reformation to this time. His making a full 
index to his own parish records, led him to look into other parish records, and to 
make note of the many curious things he found there. He very justly concluded 
that his transcripts and statistics were worthy of being brought to the notice of 
antiquaries, and he might have added, of humorists, for it seems that not all is 
4< serious " in the records of mortality. A great deal of information is contained 
in these few padres. 

[By Charles \Y. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 

Collections of the Old Colony Historical Society, No. 2. Papers read before the 
Society. April 7 . 1S79, and January 12,1880. [Society seal.] Taunton, Mass. : 
Published by the Society : Press of C. A. Hack & Son. 1880. [Svo. pp. 113.] 

The first paper in this pamphlet is by Charles A. Reed, and is entitled " The 
Province of Massachusetts Bay in the Seven teenth Century, with a Sketch of Capt. 
Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling Hospital in London." Coram was a resi- 
dent of New England in the latter part of the seventeenth and the beginning of the 
eighteenth century, most of the time residing in Taunton. Much interesting matter 
concerning him and the manners and customs in early days in the colony and the 
province of Massachusetts Bay will be found in this paper. 

The second paper is by the Hon. Henry Williams, entitled " Was Elizabeth Pool 
the First Purchaser of the Territory and Foundress of Taunton?" This is an able 
examination of the question. Every fact bearing upon it appears to have been col- 
lected and impartially stated, and the result dispels most of the romance which has 
heretofore invested the settlement of Taunton. Gov. Winthrop in his History of 
New England, under date of 1637, says that Miss Poole began a plantation in that 
year at '* Tccticutt .... called after Taunton," and there is a reference to a pur- 
chase by her from the Indians in 1637 in an Indian deed dated July 20, 1686 ; but 
all other records and documents of an early date appear to be against these state- 
ments. There is, however, some mystery hanging about her connection with the 
settlement of Taunton which we hope will be cleared up. 

Publications of the Civil- Service Reform Association, No. 1. Purposes of the Civil- 
Service Reform Association. [New York: 1881. 12mo. pp. 16.] 

The president of the Civil-Service Association is George William Curtis, and its 
secretary Richard L. Dugdale. Its location is 79 Fourth Avenue, New York city. 
Any one desiring to become a member can do so by sending two dollars, the annual 
fee, to the secretary, who will also furnish those who wish to circulate petitions 
to Congress for civil-service reform, with blanks for the purpose. 

The pamphlet before us shows the evds of the spoils system, and points out 
some practical remedies. 

The Boston Almanac and Business Directory, 1881, Vol. 46. [Engraving.] Samp- 
son, Davenport & Co. No. 153 Franklin Street, Boston. Price $1.00. [21mo. 
pp. 552.] 

The first of this series was published in 1836 in a thin 18mo. of only 81 pages. 
The present volume is more than six times as thick, anil is improved in other re- 
spects. In our notice of the issue fur 1862 (Register, xvi. 387), we gave a his- 
tory of this almanac. We then stated that " an index, properly prepared, of mat- 
ters of permanent interest in the volumes from the Commencement .... would 
reveal a mass of valuable information of the existence of which few arc aware." 
There have since been added nineteen volumes to the twenty-seven then published, 
and the valuable matter has been proportionally increased. 



1881.] 



Booh Notices. 203 



Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution, Battalions and Line, 1775-1783. Edit- 
ed by John Blair Lixx [and] William H. Egle, M.D. Volume I. Harrisburg : 
Lane S. Hart, State Printer. 18SO. [8vo. pp. 794.] 

Though our own state has neglected to print and thus place beyond the reach of 
accident the honored names of her officers and soldiers, who assisted in establishing 
the independence of our country, we are glad to see that some of the other states 
are nut derelict in their duty in this respect. Massachusetts has rich materials in 
her archives illustrating not only the revolutionary war, but her earlier history also ; 
and yet, though she has been lavish in printing documents of ephemeral interest, 
she has done little within the past quarter of a century to preserve in print these 
invaluable papers, and thus disseminate among her people the proud record they 
bear to the worth of their ancestors. 

The book before us forms the tenth volume of the Pennsylvnia Archives now 
in the course of publication. This and the eleventh volume yet to be issued, will 
contain the names of the officers and soldiers from Pennsylvania in the Revolution^- 
ary war, and the Orderly Books of the Pennsylvania line. The rosters of the several 
battalions and regiments are given separately, with a history of each prefixed. Nu- 
merous portraits and autographs of officers, plans of battles, etc., are given. It 
must have cost much time and labor to collect so full lists as are here given, to col- 
late the varying original rolls and correct the errors which are always found. The 
editors deserve great credit for the satisfactory manner in which they have per- 
formed their task. Both of them have gained reputations as authors. Dr. Egie is 
the author of the History of Pennsylvania, noticed in the Register (xxxi. 136), 
and is a painstaking and thorough investigator of American history. We shall 
again refer to this work. 

Proceedings of (he yew England Methodist Historical Society at the First Annual 
Meeting , January 17, 1SS 1. [Seal. Motto: '* Occultus non Extinctus."] Boston: 
Society's Rooms. 36 Bromfield Street. 18S1. fSvo. pp. 24.] 

We fraternally and cordially welcome to the ever expanding field of history and 
of knowledge this new organization composed of members connected with one of 
the must respectable, rapidly developing and influential religious denominations of 
the country. The object of ibis association, in the words of its constitution, article 
2, " shall be to found and perpetuate a library of books, pamphlets and manu- 
scripts, and a collection of portraits and relies of the past ; to maintain a reading 
room ; to preserve whatever shall illustrate the history and promote the interests of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church.'' Among its officers may be mentioned, ex-Gov. 
William Clailin, LL.D.. of Newton, President, and our friend and associate, Wil- 
lard S. Allen, A.M.. of East Boston, librarian. May the progress and success of 
the society be commensurate with its laudable undertakings. 

[Communicated by William B. Trash, Esq., of Boston.] 

Lancashire Inquisitions returned into the Chancery of the Duchy of Lancaster and 
now existing in the Public Record Office. London. Stuart Period, Part I., I 
to 11 James 1. Edited by J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A. Printed for the Record So- 
ciety. 1880. [8vo. pp. 320.] 

This is the third volume of the publications of the Record Society of Lancashire 
and Cheshire, the first volume of which was noticed in April last (Register, 
xxxi v. 22l). 

The value of Inquisitions as materials for genealogy is too well known to require 
any explanation. Those in this book have a peculiar intere-t to the people of New 
England, as many of her first settlers came from Lancashire, and the period here 
selected (1603-1614) is that just preceding their emigration. The abstracts here 
given were made from the original Latin by Mr. John A. C. Vincent. 

The editor, Mr. Rylands, has prefixed an Introduction containing much inter- 
esting information concerning these records. A good index is given* 

History of the Colony of New Haven to its Absorption into Connecticut. Ry Ed- 
ward E. At water. New Haven : Printed for the Author. 1881. [8vo. pp. ix. 
-f-Oli. Maps and Illustrations. For sale by Lee & Shepard and A. Williams & 
Co. Price $4.00.] 

The little colony of New Haven, with its half dozen towns, had such a brief in- 
dependent career that its existence is scarcely known save to a few diligent workers 
in the historic field. Its history, commencing in April, 1638, was terminated at the 
close of the year 1664, a period of little more than a quarter of a century, by its 



204 Book Notices. [April, 

unconditional surrender to its neighbor Connecticut, to avoid falling under the do- 
minion of New York. Even in that short period, however, its influence was such as to 
have an important effect on the destinies of the adjacent territory. If the New Ha- 
ven colony had not existed, it is probable that an attempt would have been made 
with a greater prospect of success, to make the Connecticut river the boundary be- 
tween New York and New England. Nor must we forget that it was to a son of one 
of its founders that we owe the second New England university, the influence of 
which has contributed so much to mould the liie and character of many of our 
prominent men. 

The object of the author was to bring more fully to the view of " the community 
in which he lived " the history of this little colony, and well and worthily has he 
accomplished his design, not only to that community but to the general historical 
reader of New England. His two maps of New Haven and Mil ford are exceedingly 
interesting, as by them the landed property of each of the original settlers may be 
easily located. His description of the attempts to capture Goife and Whalley by 
the regicide-hunters of Charles II., and the devices to shield these sturdy republi- 
cans by Gov. Leete and others, will be read with much pleasure. The entire work 
is written with care, thoroughness and ability. It is clearly printed and neatly 
bound, and altogether makes a very desirable volume and a worthy accession to 
our historical literature. 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of Boston.] 

Light thrown by the Jesuits upon hitherto Obscure Points of Early Maryland History. 
.... By Rev. Edward D. Neill. [8vo. pp. 9.] 

"We have often borne testimony to the value of the labors of the Rev. Mr. Neill in 
American historical literature. The present paper was read last year before the 
Department of American History of the Minnesota Historical Society. Mr. Neill 
finds in the recently published '" Records of the English Society of Jesus,'" new 
facts illustrating the early history of Maryland, and confirming the opinion pre- 
viously expressed by him, that the old story found in school histories and other 
works, that Maryland was " a Roman Catholic Colony and the first home of reli- 
gious liberty upon the continent of North America " is not true. 

Journal of the Voyage of the " Missionary Packet,'''' Boston to Honolulu, 1826. 
By James Hunnewell. With Maps and Plates and a Memoir. Chariestown : 
1880. [Royal 4to. pp. 77. Edition 100 copies only.] 

The editor of this handsome book is Mr. James F. Hunnewell, son of the author 
of the journal here printed. It forms No. 8 of his " Privately Printed Works." 
Ten years ago Mr. Hunnewell was invited to write for the Register an account of 
his father and his voyage to Honolulu. That account was not prepared, however, 
till recently, and he has preferred to issue it as a separate work, with the journal in 
full to accompany it. 

The author of the journal was the commander of the " Missionary Packet," a 
small vessel of about forty tons, sent out by the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions to the Sandwich Islands for the use of missionaries there. It 
sailed from Boston January 18, and arrived at Honolulu October 21, 1826, making 
the passage in about nine months, including stoppages at several ports on the way. 

Capt. Hunnewell resided four years in the Sandwich Islands, engaged in mercan- 
tile business, and then returned to Chariestown, which place he reached in April, 
1831. Here he resided till May, 1869, when he died at the ripe age of seventy-five. 

The book throws light upon the character and condition of the peopie of the 
Sandwich Islands half a century airo. It is illustrated by several well executed 
heliotypes, among them a drawing of the " Missionary Packet," a portrait of 
Capt. Hunnewell, a portrait of king Kamehameha I., and a view of Honolulu in 
1837. 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society. Proceedings on the Twenty-Fifth Day 
of October, 1880, Commemorative of the Organization of the Government of Mas- 
sachusetts under the Constitution on the Twenty- Fifth Day of October, 17S0. to- 
gether with the Proceedings at the State House and at the City Hull on the Same 
Day. [Society's Seal.] Boston; The Society's House, la Somerset Street. IocO. 
[Hvo. pp. 67. Price 25 cts.] 

The 25th of October last was the centenary of the Constitution of Massachusetts, 
one hundred years having that day been # completed since the organization of the 



1881.] Book Notices. 205 

state government under a constitution. Gov. Long issued a proclamation on the 
18th of that month, recommending the people to take appropriate notice of the 
event. He also instituted a commemorative service at the State House, at which he 
made a brief speech, and ex-president Hopkins, of Williams College, made a 
fitting prayer. Flags were displayed and cannon were fired ; and the Old State 
House in Boston, where the state government had been organized in 1780, was deco- 
rated, by the city authorities, witri flags and inscriptions. 

The New England Historic, Genealogical Society held a special meeting to com- 
memorate the event, which President Wilder opened by a brief speech, and at which 
Messrs. William W. Wheildon, Thomas C. Amory and Nathaniel F. Safford read 
excellent papers on topics suggested by the occasion. The pamphlet before us con- 
tains the proceedings with the president's speech, the papers of Messrs. Wheildon, 
Amory and Safford in full, and some extracts from the Massachusetts records fur- 
nished by Mr. David Pulsifer, showing the transition from a provincial to a state 
government. It also contains the doings by the state and city in honor of the day, 
including Gov. Long's proclamation and speech, and Dr. Hopkins's prayer. Besides 
this, there are other matters, particularly an elaborate article by Mr. Wheildon, 
which appeared in the Sunday Herald, Oct. 3, l6t>0, calling attention to the event. 

Reply to Francis Drinley on the Claims of Hon. John P. Bigelow as Founder of the 
Boston Public Library. By Timothy Bigelow. Read before the Boston Antiqua- 
rian Club, May 11, 1880. Boston : Tolman & White, Printers, 383 Washington 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 50.] 

This is a caustic reply to a communication from the Hon. Francis Brinley, of 
Newport, R; 1., read at a previous meeting of the Boston Antiquarian Club, in 
which the claims of the friends of the Hon. John Prescott Bigelow that he was 
the founder of the Boston Public Library were controverted. The author, who i3 
a nephew of Mr. Bigelow, and familiar with the incidents in his life, has been in- 
defatigable in collecting new tacts bearing upon the point at issue. We think 
that the evidence here presented shows that the idea of giving the Bigelow Fund to 
the city for a public library originated with Mayor Bigelow himself, and that if 
this is considered the origin of the Public Library, of which however we have seri- 
ous doubts, the claims of his friends are well founded. 

Annals of the Town of Mendon from 1659 to 1880. Compiled by John G. Metcalf, 
M.J)., Member of the New England Historic. Genealogical, and American Anti- 
quarian Societies. Providence, R. I. : E. D. Freeman & Co. 1880. [8vo. pp. 
*vii.-f-~23. Published by the Town.] 

This book is just what it purports to be, a vast storehouse of facts extending 
from the earliest settlement of Mendon to the present day, with such explanations 
as are requisite to render intelligible the subject matter. A repository of local 
wisdom, not interesting to the general reader, not a book to be read through twice, 
but one which will always be valuable to establish a mooted question, or fix a date. 
Its value to the general historian consists in its reference to those residents of .Men- 
don who were connected with other towns. It forms one more " brick ; ' for the 
general history of Massachusetts yet to come, when all the town histories shail 
have been written. But in every book-case in the town of Mendon this book should 
have an honored place ; the children should be taught to refer to it. and perpetu- 
ate the ancient landmarks of the town, and keep in remembrance the former days. 

Though the town records are silent concerning one great event in the history of 
Mendon, the attack on the place by the Indians, yet the compiler has carefully 
pointed to the sources of information contained in contemporaneous writings, so 
that the historic taste of the young may be encouraged and a love for research 
engendered. 

That great repository of town histories, so often drawn upon and yet so inexhaust- 
ible, the State Archives, have been patiently searched and pertinent matter has 
been accurately transcribed. 

The page of the book is not so elegant as the History of Andover, Mass., and there 
area few errors, probably typographical. In place of the picture of the "sword 
in hand money,'.' which has no local connection with Mendon, we should much have 
preferred a copy of the ancient survey of 1713, or a plan of Mendon with its sur- 
rounding towns. 

The absence of an index of names in any town history will reduce its usefulness 
one half. We know that the marriage of Mathias Puffer, who afterwards resided. 
VOL. XXXV. 18* 



206 . Booh JS T otices. [April, 

in Milton, is somewhere in this book, but we shall never read the book through 
again to find it ; life is too short ; we must resign to the professional genealogist 
euch tasks. 

As the book was published by the town and not the compiler, the heliotype of 
John G. Metcalf, M.D., is appropriately placed in the front of the book. 

[By Daniel T. V. Jiuntoon, Flsq., of Canton, Mass.] 

Weymouth Historical Society. The Original Journal of General Solomon Lovell, 
kept dunny the Penobscot Expedition. 1779, with a Sketch of his Life by Gilbert 
Nash. Together with the Proceedings of the Society for 1679-80. Published by 
the Weymouth Historical Society. fSSl. [No. I. 8vo. pp. 127. With 4 Alber- 
types. Edition limited.] 

The value of local historical societies is shown in various ways. The field may 
be somewhat limited, but such a society developes well the history of its own local- 
ity. Its researches are of interest to the citizens and of value to future generations ; 
and also of rich worth to students of early genealogy and history. Such an organ- 
ization is the Weymouth Historical Society, in a town which dates its settlement 
back to 1622. Its organization has been recent, but its labors have been extended. 
It has made the Weymouth Gazette, the local weekly paper, its medium of commu- 
nication. But before us is its first publication in book form. It is the original 
Journal of one of Weymouth's prominent citizens, who was active in various parts 
of the Revolution, together with a sketch of his life and genealogy of his family. 
The first part of the volume is devoted to a resume of work of the the society from 
its organization until the close of the year 1SS0. The original journal has been in 
possession of the family, and the society, recognizing its interest, and the new li^ht 
which it threw upon the Penobscot expedition, has produced it for the historical 
public. Mr. Nash, the editor, has taken great pains in studying this unfortunate 
exploit, examining all the records in the archives of the Commonwealth bearing upon 
the subject, and sitting the many statements made at the time. And though 
Gen. Lovell is his hero, yet he considers the claims made against him before his 
judgment is given. The exoneration of Lovell, who cummanded the land forces, 
and the censuring, by the court of inquiry, of Commodore SaltonstaO, who com- 
manded the ships of war, fur the disastrous ending of the expedition, is dwelt upon 
with conciseness, yet witn sufficient fulness to make this work one of authority 
among students of the revolutionary epoch of our nation's existence. This is the first 
publication of the Society, but it has begun well. The typographical work is of 
the first order. It has a superb index, embracing the names of subjects treated, places 
and individuals mentioned, and withal, foot-notes showing the sources of important 
information. Weymouth has a long history, and in due time we may hope its full 
development by this society. 

[By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Two Years with the Colored Troops. By J. M. Addeman (late 
Captain Fourteenth R. I. Heavy Artillery, Colored). Providence : N. Bangs 
Williams & Co. 18-50. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 38, paper, price 50 cts.J 

This is the 7th number of the second series of '''' Personal Narratives of Events in 
the War of the Rebellion, being Papers read before the Rhode Island Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Historical Society." The first two numbers of this series were noticed in the 
Register (xxxiv. 222, 341) at the time of their appearance. 

The author of the present work is the Rhode Island Secretary of State. He has 
written an interesting narrative of his service as a captain of colored troops for two 
years in Louisiana. 

Society of the Fifty- Fir st Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers. Records of 
the Proceedings of the First Annual Reunion, held at Norristown, Pa., Sept. 17, 
1880. Harrisburg, Pa. : Lane S. Hart. 1880. [8vo. pp. 47.] 

This society was organized at Norristown on the 17th of September last by the 
surviving members of the regiment. The present pamphlet contains the proceed- 
ings, constitution and by-laws, with a list of the comrades present and the oration, 
which was delivered by Capt. J. Merrill Linn; a heroic poem by Mr. George N. Cor- 
son, and letters frum distinguished persons who could not attend the reunion. The 
first colonel of this regiment, which did good service in the war for the union, was 
John Frederick Hartranft, since a major-general and governor of Pennsylvania. 



1881.] Booh Notices. 207 

Inventio Fortunata. Arctic Explorations, with an Account of Nicholas of Lynn. 

Read before the American Geographical Society, Chickcring Hall, May 15, 1860. 

Reprinted from the Bulletin of the Society. By B. F. De Costa. New York. 

1881. [870. pp. 36.] 
William Blackstone in his Relation to Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Reprinted 

from The Churchman of September 25th and October 2d, 1880. [Motto.] By the 

*Rev. B. F. De Costa. New York : M. H. Alallory & Co. 1880. [12mo. pp. 24.] 

Here are two pamphlets by our 7alued correspondent, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, 
"which ha\ _ e recently been issued. 

The first is on the history of early arctic explorations, with special reference to Ni- 
cholas of Lynn, who flourished in the reign of Edward III. His " Inventio Fortuna- 
ta," referred to by writers soon after his day, but of which no copy is known to be in 
existence, is supposed by Mr. De Costa to be transformed into Juventius Fortuna- 
tus, and quoted as an author in the Life of Columbus attributed to Ferdinand Co- 
lumbus. Mr. De Costa, as our readers are aware, has given much time to research 
upon early maps and maritime discovery, and all that he writes upon these subjects 
is valuable. 

The pamphlet on William Blackstone, or as he spelled his own name, Blaxton, 
the first settler of Boston, presents him to us vividly as a clergyman of the Episco- 
pal church. The first of the two articles here reprinted from the Churchman shows 
him as " The First Churchman of Boston and the Founder of the City ;" the sec- 
ond, as " The First Churchman in Rhode Island and the Original Settler of the 
State." 

Fifth Report of the Record Commissioners. [City Seal.] Boston : Rockwell & 
Churchill, City Printers, No, 30 Arch Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 187.] 

A Report of the Record Commissioners containing the Roxbury Land and Church 
Records. [City Seal.] Boston: Rockwell & Churchill 1881. [8vo. pp. 221.] 

We have here two more reports of the Record Commissioners (Register, xxxi. 
347 ; xxxii. 110 ; xxxiii. 264: xxxv. 106), which show that the Commissioners have 
no difficulty in finding valuable historical matter to print. 

The Fifth Report is a reprint of the articles which the late Nathaniel I. Bowditch 
furnished in 1655 to the Boston Evening Transcript, under the signature of 
*' Gleaner," giving the history of certain estates in Boston. 

The contents of the next Report are shown by the title-page. The next volume, 
we are informed, will soon be issued, and will contain a continuation, from the sec- 
ond report, of the records of the old town of Boston. 

We are glad to learn that the labors of the commissioners are appreciated by the 
city authorities as well as the public. 

Fragments from Remarks of Twenty- Five Years in Every Quarter of the Globe, on 
Electricity , Magnetism, Aeroliths and Various other Phenomena of Nature, djc. 
dfc. 6fc. By William Pringle Green, R. N. Sold at Egerton's Military Libra- 
ry, Whitehall. 1633. [8vo. pp. v. + 7i.+24.] 

Though this is not a recent publication, it is noticed here as it contains some 
American genealogy not referred to in genealogical indexes. The author, Lieut. 
William P. Green, of the Royal Navy, was a besoye of the Rev. Joseph 3 Green, of 
Salem Village, now Danvers, Mass. (Register, xv. 106), through Benjamin, 4 who 
married Margaret Peirce (Register, xxix. 279) : and Benjamin, 6 his lather, who 
married Susanna Wenman. The 4> Biography and Genealogy of the Author " is 
printed on pages i. to vi. Portions of the genealogy are probably derived from tra- 
dition, and are not to be relied on. 

The History of the Morison or Morrison Family, with most of the " Traditions of the 
Morrisons " (Clan Mac Ghillemhuire) , Hereditary Judges of Lewis, by Copt. F. 
W. L. Thomas of Scotland, and a Record of the Descendants of the Hereditary 
Judges to 1880 ; a Complete History of the Morison Settlers of Londonderry, 
N. H.j of 1710, and their Descendants, with Genealogical Sketches. Also of the 
Brentwood, Nottingham and Sanbnrnton, N. H., Morisons, and Branches of the 
Morisonswho settled in Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Nova Scot/a, and 
Descendants of the Morison of Preston Grange. Scotland, and. other Families. 
By Leonard A.Morrison. [Motto.] Boston, Mass.: A. Williams & Co., 283 
\\ ashington Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 466. Price $3.] 

Genealogy of the Maedonald Family. Edition B. Comprising all Names obtained 
up to February, 1876. [Oblong quarto, pp. 123.] 



208 Booh Notices. [April, 

Contributions to the Early History of Bryan McDonald and Family, settlers in 1089 
on Red Clay Creek, Mill Creek Hundred (or Township), Newcastle County, Dela- 
ware. Together with a Feiu Biographical Sketches and Other Statistics of General 
Interest to thrir Lineal Descendants. By Frank V. McDonald. A.B., Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Mass. San Francisco: Winterburn & Co., Printers and 
Electrotypers. 18707 [4to. pp. 65.] 

Supplement No. 1 to Edition B of the Mac Donald Genealogy, containing Records of 
the Descendants of Jesse Peter, one of the Pioneer Settlers near Mackviltc, Wash- 
ington County, Kentucky ; Together with a Few Remarks an the Early History of 
the Peter Family, and whatever other Information of Value concerning this Branch 
of the Name could be collected up to February '25, 1880. Compiled and Edited by 
Frank V. Mc Donald, A. B., Harvard Law Student, Cambridge, Mass. 
Cambridge: John Wilson & Sun, University Press. 1830. [Royal 4to. pp. 72.] 

A History of the Heard Family of Wayland, Mass. By John li. Edwards. Illus- 
trated by Heliotypes. [Motto.] Boston: Printed for Private Circulation. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 01.] 

The Lathrop Family Tree. Collected and Arranged by John Lathrop, Buffalo, 
N.Y. [Broadside.] 

Dolor Dads. A Sketch of his Life; with a Record of his Earlier Descendants. 
By Horace Davis. Printed for Private Distribution. Ib81. [8vo. pp. 46.] 

Paine Fa-nily Records: A Journal of Genealogical and Biographical Information 
respecting the American Families of Payne, Paine, Payn, dfc. New York : 18ti0. 
|8vo. pp. 20-2.] 

A Genealogical Register of the Descendants of Moses Cleveland of Woburn, Mass., 
an Emigrant in 1635 from England, with a Sketch of the Clevetands oj' Virginia 
and the Carolina s. By James Butler Cleveland, of Oneonta, N. Y. [Arms.] 
Albany, N. Y. : Munseil, Printer, 82 State Street. 1881. [Part I. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The title of the first book on our list shows fully the contents of the volume. It 
is intended to present all that the author could obtain by the most assiduous re- 
search and correspondence concerning the genealogy of the various branches of the 
Morrisons in this country, and also concerning their Scottish ancestry. A pam- 
phlet on the last subject by Capt. F. W. L. Thomas, R.N., vice-president of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, entitled " Traditions of the Morrisons," is re- 
printed, with a tew omissions, in lull. The larger part of the book is devoted to 
the posterity of the Scotch Irish settlers of the name at Londonderry, X. H., of 
whom there were several. Their descendants have done honor to the sturdy race 
from which they descended. The work is a model of industry, and is arranged in 
a clear and intelligible manner, besides having excellent indexes. There are twenty 
illustrations. One is a map of Londonderry, showing the residences of the Morri- 
son settlers and some of their descendants ; three are views of buildings, and the 
rest are portraits. 

The three books by Mr. McDonald on the McDonald family of Delaware, and the 
Peter family of Kentucky, do credit to the compiler. They contain much interest- 
ing biographical and genealogical matter relating to the branches of the two fami- 
lies to which they are devoted. They are well prepared and brought out in a fine 
style, with excellent portraits and other illustrations. 

The Heard family, recorded in the next book, is descended from Zachariah Heard, 
who is found early in the last century in Cambridge, Mass., whence he removed to 
Wayland. The first portion of the book is devoted to biographical sketches, and 
this is followed by systematically arranged genealogy. Other matter Connected 
with the family is appended. It is illustrated by heliotype portraits. 

The Lathrop Family Tree is well executed. The date of publication is not given, 
but it was probably in 1807, as we find it here stated that the lines given in this 
tree are •' believed to be complete to January, 1H67." From this family are de- 
scended many eminent men bearing this and other surnames. President Grant and 
Motley the historian are said to be descendants, and so is Gen. Benedict Arnold. 

The Davis genealogy is by the Hon. Horace Davis, of San Francisco, a member of 
Congress from California in the forty -fifth and forty-sixth Congresses. We can tes- 
tify to the thoroughness with which lie has made his researches into the history of 
Dolor Davis, his immigrant ancestor. He gives 27 pages to his biography, most 
of which has never before appeared in print, and he has cleared up many obscure 
points about "this subject. No attempt is made to give a complete genealogy, but 
what is given is full and precise as to names and dates, and is clearly arranged. 



1881.] Becent Publications. 209 

The first volume of the Paine Family Records has, since our last notice of thia 
quarterly periodical (Register, xssiv. 234), been completed by the publication of 
two more numbers (the seventh and eighth for May and August), a title-page and 
very full indexes. The publication of this work was commenced in November, 1678, 
by Dr. Paine, of New York city, who had before issued at Albany, 1857-59, eight 
numbers of a similar work. The January number of a new volume has since been 
issued, rilled with interesting matters like its predecessors. 

The geneal©gy of the Cleveland family, of which the first number has just been 
issued, bids fair to be a most valuable work. Thirty years ago the late Professor 
Nehemiah Cleveland, LL.D., assisted by his brother-in-law, Rev. Oliver A. Taylor, 
undertook to prepare such a work. Their materials have been placed by these fam- 
ilies in the hands of the compiler of the present work, and they have probably assist- 
ed him materially in his labors. This number contains an account of the origin of 
the name and the early generations of the descendants of Moses 1 Cleveland. The 
work is arranged according to the plan used in the Register. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Pbesented to the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, to March 1, 

■ 1881. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Address of His Excellency John D. Long to the two branches of the legislature of Mas- 
sachusetts, Jan. 6, 1881. Boston : Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 
Franklin St. 1881. [Svo. pp. 58.] 

The Old and New Republican Parties; their origin, similitude and progress from the 
administration of Washington to that of Rutherford B. Hayes. By Stephen M. Allen, 
surviving presiding officer of the Worcester Convention, Julv 20, 1854. Boston: Lee & 
Shepard, Publishers, 41 and 45 Franklin Street. 1SS0. [Svo. pp. 343.] 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Notes upon a Denarius of 
Augustus Caesar. A paper read before the society Feb. 5, 1880, by Henry Phillips, Jr., cor- 
responding secretary. [Seal.] Reprinted from the American Journal of Numismatics. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 7.] 

The Young Folks' Cyclopaedia of Persons and Places, by John D. Champlin, Jr., with 
numerous illustrations. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1881. [Svo. pp. 936. This 
is"a companion volume to the author's " Young Folks' Cyclopaedia of Common Things," 
noticed in the Register, xxxiv. 425.] 

A Tour in Both Hemispheres; or Travels around the World. By Eugene Vetromile, 
D.D., Apostolic Missionary. New York : D. & J. Sadler & Co., Publishers, 31 Barclay 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 502.] 

Bibliography of Charlestown, Massachusetts, and Bunker Hill, by James F. Hunneweil. 
Boston : James R. Osgood & Company. 1880. [8vo. pp. 100.] 

On giving Names to Towns and Streets. By James Freeman Clarke. Boston : Lock- 
wood, Brooks & Co., 381 Washington St. 1S80. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Memoir of Hon. Sumner Wilde, LL.D., Justice of Supreme Court of Massachusetts* 
(Read at Dartmouth Commencement, June, 18S0, at the request of the alumni.) By Hon. 
Nathan Crosby, LL.D., of Lowell, Mass., of class of 1820. Concord, N. H. : Printed by 
the Republican Press Association. 1881. [Svo. pp. 26.] 

Address in Memory of Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., late Chief Justice of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court of New Hampshire, pronounced before the Alumni Association of Dartmouth 
College, June 23, 1880, by Charles H. Bell. Concord : Printed by the Republican Press As- 
sociation. 1831. [Svo. pp. 16.] 

American Journal of Numismatics and Bulletin of American Numismatic and Archaeo- 
logical Societies. January, 1881. [Seal.] Boston: Published by the Boston Numismatic 
Society. Quarterly. [Svo. pp. 72. J 

Old Times. A Magazine devoted to the preservation and publication of documents relat- 
ing to tlie early history of North Yarmouth, Maine Also genealogical records of the 

principal families and biographical sketches of the most distinguished residents of the town. 
Vol. 5, No. 2. Augustus W. Corliss, Yarmouth, Me. April 1, 1881. [Svo. pp. 649-694.] 

New York Tribune Extra, No. 79. Patriotism and Piety, the inspiration and guardian 
powers of the nation. A Thanksgiving sermon by the Rev. Dr. Henry W. Bellows. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 7.] 

Anniversary and Historical Sermon preached in the Eliot Congregational Church, Law- 
rence, Mass., March 14, 1880, by Rev. John H. Barrows. Printed by George S. Merrill 
and Crocker, Lawrence. [8vo. pp. 29.] 



210 Recent Publications. [April, 

Finding List of the Providence Public Lihrarv. 1SS0. [By W. E. Foster, librarian.] 
Providence: E. L. Freeman & Co., Printers to the State. 1S8C. [8vo. pp. 218.J 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Necrology for 1SS0. By 
Charles Henry Hart, historiographer. [Reprinted from the Proceedings for 1SS0. Phila- 
delphia, 1SS1. [8vo. PP- 12 -] 

r II. Other Publications. 

" The memory of the just is blessed." — Proverbs x. 7. A Sermon preached in the First 
Reformed Church in Boston (Somerset St. near Beacon), by the pastor, Rev. James M. Gray, 
Nov. 14, 1SS0, in memory of Rev. Samuel Cutler, founder and first pastor of that church. 
Published by request. Boston : J. W. Robinson, Printer, 64 Federal Street. 1SS0. [8vo. 
pp. 18.] 

A Sermon preached by Rev. J. M. Manning, D.D., before the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions, at the seventy-first annual meeting, held in Lowell, Mass., 
Oct. 5, 1880. Boston: Beacon Press, Thomas Todd, Printer, cor. Beacon and Somerset 
Streets. 1880. [Svo. pp. 18.1 

Celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the Settlement of Boston, 
Sept. 17, 1SS0. [Seal.] Boston: Printed by order of the City Council, md ccc l xxx. 
[Royal 8vo. pp. 172.] 

Annual meeting of the New London County Historical Society, with secretary's report. 
November 29, 1880. New London: Telegram Print, Green Street. [16mo. pp. 12.] 

Catalogus Senatus Academici et eorum qui munera et offieia gesserunt, quique aliquo 
gradu exornati fuerunt in Collegio Tuftensi, Medfordins in Republiea Massaehusettensis. 
Bostonne : Johanne S. Spooner, Typographo. md ccc l xxx. [Svo. pp. 23.] 

Our American Hash : a Satire in Prose and Yerse, by John M. Dagnell, author of seve* 
ral epic and other lyrical, national and narrative poems. Illustrated. New York : Pub- 
lished by the author." 1S>«0. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

Harvard Universitv. Library Bulletin, No. 17. January 1st, 1S81. Vol. II. No. 4. 
[Svo. pp. 94-12S.] 

One hundred and fiftieth Annual Report, made September 29th, 1880, to the company of 
the Redwood Library and Athenogum, Newport, R. I. Newport: Davis <x Pitman, Book 
and Job Printers. 1881. [Svo. pp. 16. J 

Collections of the Old Colonv Historical Society. No 2. Read before the Society Jan- 
nary 12, 18S0. [Seal.] Taunton, Mass. : Published by the Society. Press of C. A. "Hack 
& Son. 1880. [Svo. pp. 19.1 

The sixty-first Annual Catalogue of the officers and students of Colby University (Wa- 
tervijle College until 1807) for the academic year 1880-81. Waterville : Printed for the 
University. 1881. [Svo. pp. 39.] 

Did the Louisiana Purchase extend to the Pacific ocean ? and our title to Oregon ? By 
John J. Anderson, Ph.D. New York: Clark & Maynard, Publishers, 5 Barclay St. 1SS1. 
[8ro. pp. 8.] 

State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Twenty-Seventh Annual Report. Submitted to 
the annual meeting, January 3, 1881. Gen. Simeon Mills in the chair. David Atwood, 
State Journal, Printer and Stereotyper. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. III. Some account of William Usscliux 
and Peter Minait, two individuals who were instrumental in establishing the first perma- 
nent colony in Delaware, by Joseph J. Mickley. The Historical Society of Delaware, Wil 
mington. 1881. [Svo. pp. 27.] 

A Brief History of the Chicago Historical Society, together with Constitution and By- 
Laws, and list of Officers and Members. . . . [Seal.] Chicago: Fergus Printing Co. 
1881. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

No. XL Records of the Proprietors of Worcester, Massachusetts. Edited by Franklin 
P. Rice. In four parts. Part. III. [Seal.] Worcester, Mass. : The Worcester Society of 
Antiquity. 1881. U. S. A. CV. Svo. pp. 153-240.] 

Memorial Record of the Fathers of Wisconsin, containing sketches of the lives and ca- 
reer of the members of the Constitutional Conventions of 1816 and 1847-8, with a history 
of early settlements in Wisconsin. Prepared by H. A. Tennev and David Atwood. Mad- 
ison, Wis. : Published by David Atwood. 1880. [Svo. pp. 399.] 

Proceedings of the twelfth and thirteenth annual meetings of the New Hampshire Press 
Association, held at Concord, N. H., January 17, 1879, and January 19, 1850. Concord: 
Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1881. [Svo. pp. 24.] 

List of Members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, including a complete 
roll of the original members, with brief biographies compiled from the records of the Soci- 
ety and other original sources. [Seal.] Boston: Printed for the Society. 1880. [Svo. 
pp. 91] 

History of the Michigan State Reform School since its organization up to January 1st, 
1880. Lansing : W. S. George & Co., State Printers and Binders. 1880. [Svo. pp. 14.] 



1881.] Becent Publications. 211 

Memorial Tribute, Livingston M. Glover, D.D., late pastor of the first Presbyterian 
Church, Jacksonville, Illinois. Printed at the office, of the Daily Journal. 1SS0. [Svo. 
pp. 55.] 

The Michigan Association of Surveyors and Civil Engineers, organized at Lansing, March 
25, 1830. [Svo. pp. 1$.] 

Reminiscences of Dr. Spnrzheim and George Combe, and a review of the Science o 
Phrenology, from the period of its discovery by Dr. Gad to the time of the visit of George 
Combe to the United State-. 1S3S. 1S40. Bv Nahum Capen, LL.D. New York : Fowler "& 
Wells, Publishers, 753 Broadway. Boston": A. Williams & Co. 1SS1. [Svo. pp. 202.] 

A Directory of the Charitable and Beneficent Organizations of Boston, together with 
" Legal Suggestions," "Health Hints," '-Suggestions to Visitors," etc. Prepared by the 
Associated Charities. Boston : A. Williams 6c Co., 2S3 Washington Street. 1SS0. [Svo. 
pp. 182.] 

Memoir of Governor Andrew, with personal reminiscences, by Peleg W. Chandler. To 
winch are added two hitherto unpublished literary discourses and the valedictory ad- 
dress. Boston: Roberts Brothers. 1SS9. [Svo. pp. 29S.] 

Sketch of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society of Wilkesbarre, bv C. Ben 
Johnson. Reprinted from the " Sunday News-Deaier." Christmas edition. 1SS0. [Svo. 
pp. 7.] 

Catalogue of the officers and students of William- College for the year 1S30-S1. Wil- 
liamstown, Mass.: James T. Robinson & Son, Book and Job Printers and blank-book 
manufacturers, North Adams, Mass. iSSO. [Svo. pp. 37.] 

Reminiscences of Thomas Vernon, an American Loyalist : Royal Postmaster at Newport 
from about 1745 to 177J or '76, and for twenty years Registrar of the Court of Vice-Admi- 
ralty. [Svo. pp. 51.] 

Charles Hammond and Academy Life. By Elbridge Smith. [Reprinted from Barn- 
ard's Journal of Education.] 

Eleventh Annua! Reunion of the Association of the Graduates of the U. S. Military 
Academy at West Point, New York. June 17, 1SS0. East Saginaw, Mich.: E. VV. Lyon, 
Publisher, Washington Avenue. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 116.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. . . . Special Commu- 
nications, October 1, 1SS0, and December 4, 1SSU. Annual Communication, Dec. 8, 1SS0. 
Stated Communication, December 23, ISSO . . . Boston: Press of Rockwell & Church- 
ill, 39 Arch St. 1881. [Svo. pp. 235.] 

Contributions of the Old Residents' Historical Association. Lowell, Mass. Organization, 
December 21, 1S6S. Vol. II. No. 1. Lowell, Moss.: Stone, Bacheller & Livingston, 
Printers, No. IS Jackson Street. 18*0. [Svo. pp. 108.] 

Seventieth Annual Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mis- 
sions, presented at the meeting heid at Lowed, Mass., Oct. 5-8, ISSO. Boston: Printed at 
the Riverside Press, Cambridge. 15:0. [*vo. pp. 138.] 

Worcester County Musical Association, twenty-third Annual Festival. Programmes of 
Concerts . . . Mechanics Had, Worcester, Mass., Sept. 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24, ISSO. 
[8vo. pp. 41.] 

Pierre Lestoile. Greece and the Times. Reprinted from Minerva for October, 18S0. 
Rome : Office of Minerva, 56 Piazza Monticitorio. 1SS0. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Brief Biographies of Ruling Eiders in the Fir-t Presbyterian Church, Alleghany, during 
the first fifty years of its history, portions of which were read at the fiftieth anniversary of 
the church, "February 26. 1380. " By Elliot E. Swift, D.D. Pittsburgh : Printed by Jackson 
& McEwen, cor. Wood Street and Third Avenue. 1880. [Svo. pp. 48.] 

The New German Crusade. A lecture bv Robert Collver, delivered in the Church of 
the Messiah, New York, December 20, 1880." New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1»2 Fifth 
Avenue. 1881. F8vo. pp. 21.] 

Third Report (18S0) of Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University. [Svo. pp. 13.] 

Complete Education ; an address delivered at the annual commencement of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, July 1, 1880. By Rt. Rev. Samuel S. Harris D.D., LL D-, Bishop of 
Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan : Published by the Board of Regents, 1880. [Svo. pp. 16.] 

The fifth Half Century of the arr.v;d of John Winthrop at Salem, Mass. Commemora- 
tive exercises by the Essex Institute, June 22,1880. (From the Historical Collections of 
the Essex Institute.) Salem: Printed for the Essex Institute. ISbO. [Svo. pp. 64.] 

Ancient Deeds from the Indians to the town of Dedham. Copied by William F. Hill, 
from the original deeds on tile in the Town Clerk's office. Dedham, Mass. Reproduced 
with Hektograph, Feb. 1381. 

Report and Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society for the Year 1S7S. Vol. I. 
Halifax, N. S. : Printed at the Morning Herald Office. 1S70." [Svo. pp. 140.] 

Memorial of Samuel Greene Arnold. [Svo. pp. 52.] 



212 



Deaths* 



[April. 



DEATHS. 



Bradstreet, Samuel, died in Charles- 
town District, Boston, Feb. 8, 1831, 
aged 68. He was the only surviving 
child of Samuel Harris and Elizabeth 
(Weld) Bradstreet, and was born in 
Charlestown June 22, 1812. He was 
a descendant in the seventh genera- 
tion from Gov. Simon Bradstreet (see 
Register, viii. 317). 

Chase, Mrs. Sarah (Blunt), died at 
Portsmouth, N. H., July 19, 18S0, in 
the 86th year of her age. 

She was the second daughter of 
Robert Blunt, of Newcastle. N. II., 
and Elizabeth Sherburne, his wife. 
She was born March 9, 17y5. On the 
11th of October, 1821, she was mar- 
ried to William Chase, son of Stephen 
Chase, Esq., of Portsmouth, and him- 
self a merchant of the old seaport, 
and by his death, Aug. 30. 1834, sur- 
vived her husband forty-six years. 

Daring this period of nearly half a 
century, Mrs. Chase lived in the old 
house, so long the dwelling of her 
husband's. family, upon Court Street, 
in Portsmouth. Amiable, affectionate 
and devout, she cultivated through 
her long life every christian courtesy. 
Cheerful in disposition and charitable 
in word and deed, she was hospitable 
and considerate of all. 

By her death the last remaining 
link was broken which connected tlie 
descendants of Rev. Stephen Chase, 
of Newcastle (H. U. 1728;, and of his 
son Stephen, of Portsmouth (H. U. 
1761), with the old homes of their 
race in these ancient towns. 

Kidder, Andrew Bradshaw, in Somer- 
ville, Mass., Feb. 25, 1881, aged 71 
years 1 month. 

Oswald, Miss Ann L.. died in Phila- 
delphia, Feb. 4, aged 91. The Phila- 
delphia Sunday Dispatch, Feb. 6, 
gives this account of her : 

*' She was the daughter of Colonel 
Eleazar Oswald, who, durinz his time, 
was one of the most prominent men in 
Philadelphia. An Enzli-hman, of a 
good family, he sympathize! with the 
Americans in the preliminary contro- 
versies with Great Britain before the 



Revolution. He came to America in 
1770. He served under Arnold in his 
invasion of Canada, was captain at 
the capture of Ticonderoga, and led 
the forlorn hope at Quebec, where he 
was wounded in 1775. He was lieu- 
tenant-colonel of Lamb's Artillery 
Regiment in 1777. was commended by 
Knox and Lee at the battle of Mon- 
mouth, and shortly afterward left the 
service, when he came to Philadelphia 
and established the Independent Gazet- 
teer, which, by his ability, he made 
the leading journal of the time. He 
entered into business as publisher and 
printer, and was public printer for the 
state of Penns}dvania. In 17e>9 he 
challenged Alexander Hamilton to tight 
a duel ; but the meeting was prevent- 
ed. In 1792 he was in England, went 
over to France, joined the French ar- 
my, in which he fought as colonel 
of a regiment of artillery at the battle 
of Jemappes. Subsequently he re- 
turned to this country and died in 
New York [of yellow i'ever, Oct. 1], 
1795 [aged 40]. Miss Oswald has pro- 
bably left no living cotemporary who, 
like herself, was a connecting link be- 
tween the Revolutionary period and 
the second century of the republic." 

She was buried Feb. 8 in the family 
vault of John A. McAllister, Esq., at 
Woodlands Cemetery. 

Stone, Miss Lucy Hall, died in South 
Boston, Mass., Dec. 15, 1860, in her 
90th year. She was a descendant of 
Gregory Stone, an early settler of Cam- 
bridge, and a daughter of Gregory and 
Lucy Stone, of Lincoln, Mass., where 
she was born July 14, 1791. 

Wentworth, Daniel, 5 in the line of 
Timothy, 4 Samuel, 3 Timothy, 2 and 
William, 1 at Berwick, Me., Dec. 12, 
1680, in his 66th year, He died upon 
the farm where he was born, and 
where his father and grandfather were 
born and died, and which Timothy 2 
bought of Edward Toogood in 1705. 
He was the last to die of the descend- 
ants of Elder William Wentworth the 
emigrant, in the male line of the fifth 
generation. * 



Errata.— Page 158, 1. 1, for Genealogical Register read New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register. Page 190, i. 32,/or to be sold, read and were -old by Bangs & Co., 
sale commencing March 7, 1881. Pasre 191, 1. 3 from bottom, for Chanwi.vg read Chacn- 
cey. Page 197, 1. 34, for April 2 read April 21. 



< 



Sfi 08^ 



m 




b 



I 






- \ - -,- 



I 




;;, . 



-,;•/• ■ 



y^^^^^iC fa>£ 




THE 

HISTORICAL ASD GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JULY, 1881. 



THE KEY. SAMUEL CUTLER, 

Historiographer of the New England Historic, Genealogical 

Society. 

By the Rev. James M. Gray, Boston, Mass. 

THE family to which Mr. Cutler belonged was of puritan stock. 
His emigrant ancestor, John Cutler, originally of Hingham, 
England, appears among the persecuted adherents of one Rev. Rob- 
ert Peck, who " sold their possessions for half their value, and in 
1G37 removed with him to New England, and named the place of 
their settlement after their natal town." On his mother's side Mr. 
Cutler's lineage was coincident with that of the family of Hutchin- 
eon, which early attained so prominent a place in both the political 
and religious history of this country. Thomas Hutchinson, the 
great uncle of Mr. Cutler, a graduate of Harvard, was governor of 
the province of Massachusetts Bay in 1771, after having held the 
offices of speaker of the General Court, Lieut. Governor and Chief 
Justice. He in turn was the fourth remove from the celebrated 
Anne Hutchinson, daughter of the Rev. Francis Marbury, born in 
Alford, Eng., in 1591, but who, becoming interested in the preach- 
ing of John Cotton and of her brother-in-law John Wheelwright, 
followed the former to this country with her husband in 1634. 

Samuel Cutler, the subject of this memoir, was born in Xewbu- 
ryport, Mass., on the 12th of May, 1805. His father was for 
many years a merchant in that city, president of an insurance com- 
pany, and warden of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to which he 
was much attached. At fourteen years of age Samuel entered a 
store as clerk, but upon attaining his majority removed to Portland, 
Me., forming a copartnership in the dry goods business. In that 
city he continued to reside for a period of eight years. Here it was, 
to use his own expression, that " the Holy Spirit was exercised with- 
in him, giving him a more correct and exalted idea of God than he 
had ever entertained." It was the earnest gospel-preaching and con- 
sistent living of the consecrated and renowned Dr. Edward Parson, 
which under God brought about this happy change. Whoever 
vol. xxxv. 19 



214 The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [July* 

knew both Dr. Payson and Mr. Cutler, must have been able to 
distinguish many traits in the one which reminded them of the 
other. Comparing Dr. Cummings's memoir of Edward Payson 
with Mr. Cutler's private journal, I have been astonished at the sim- 
ilarity. The former in character and service was a noble model, 
the latter a worthy copy. 

The second copartnership which Mr. Cutler had formed in Port- 
land expired in February, 1834, at which time he came to Boston, 
connecting himself as partner with the importing and jobbing firm 
of Edward Clarke & Co., the relation being finally dissolved in 
1837-8. And now arrived the second important epoch in his his- 
tory. His heart had long said, f ' You may be useful as a minister of 
Jesus ;" and he now thought he heard God's voice proclaiming " This 
is the way, walk ye in it." The question of duty sorely troubled 
him. Flattering openings appeared in commercial life, and indica- 
tions were not wanting that such might be his proper sphere. He 
deprecated what he regarded as his few attainments and meagre abil- 
ity, but the call of God could not be disregarded. "Can I prepare 
myself for the ministry?" he inquired ; to this the answer came, "If 
God has called you, He will enable yon to prepare yourself; the 
five loaves will increase in the distribution ; the one talent may be 
multiplied if improved ; go on, and trust in the Lord." He went 
on. After much reflection, conferring only with his wife, and seek- 
ing the direction of Him without whose aid all our consultations 
are little worth, he came to his decision. ' I trust," he writes, 
"that it is a correct decision, — and if so, may God give me "race 
to engage earnestly and perseveringly and prayerfully in the work 
of preparation for the ministry; if in that ministry He will be 
pleased to make me an instrument of promoting His glory and of 
saving souls." How faithfully this prayer was answered and the 
work performed, scores of the redeemed declare, some in heaven 
and some on earth. 

On May 12th, 1841, Mr. Cutler wa3 ordained in St. Paul's 
Church in Boston to the Diaconate by the lit. liev. Bishop Gris- 
wold of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In the following year he 
was ordained a Presbyter in St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, Mass., 
to the Rectorship of which he had been called. In this latter or- 
dination, Bishop Griswold was assisted by the liev. John "YVoart of 
Christ Church, Boston, and the Rev. Thomas M. Clarke, then 
Rector of Grace Church, and now Bishop of Rhode Island. Mr. 
Cutler remained at Hanover more than thirty years ; which fact 
alone is more emphatic than any language possibly could be, in 
demonstration of the high value that his people placed upon his 
labors, and of their deep and abiding attachment to him as a man. 
His resignation in 1872 was accepted with unfeigned sadness. His 
departure from Hanover was a loss sustained not by his parish alone, 
but by the community at large. The f? Abington Standard w of 



1881.] The Bev. Samuel Cutler. 215 

April, 1872, doubtless truthfully expressed the feelings of its read- 
ers, when, in an extended notice of Mr. Cutler's work of thirty 
years, it testified that he " was universally respected and beloved ; 
that the impress of his ministry would not soon be effaced ; that he 
would be followed bv many good wishes, and long be held in re- 
spectful and affectionate remembrance." 

The fail of 1877 brought together in the city of Boston the Tri- 
ennial Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In some 
respects this was the most notable gathering in the history of that 
body. It witnessed the conclusion of the warmly contested battle, 
which had been waged within its communion between the high and 
the low Church parties for nearly or quite a quarter of a cen- 
tury. " The result of that long war was victory all along the line 
for the ritualistic advance,'' wrote John Henry Hopkins, D.D., 
one of the boldest and ablest representatives of the High Church 
party. "A victory so complete," he adds, "that the renewal of 
hostilities hereafter is hopeless." This the writer considers apparent 
even to a superficial observer ; and men of Mri Cutler's mould, 
therefore, felt that there was no longer a place within the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church where they could honestly labor. His views 
of the truth were acquired in the extreme evangelical school. "Was 
it not natural that he should look with dismay at what he considered 
to be a deflection in the Church of his love? In fact, this was the 
underlying cause of his resignation at Hanover, to which we have 
just referred. He was relieved, and his mind brought to a point 
however, by the result of this convention of 1877, when, after long 
and prayerful deliberation, he resigned his office as presbyter in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Hard was the struggle, bitter the 
anguish it cost, but f ' in the spirit with which John Winthrop 
and his Puritan companions, before leaving Yarmouth in 1G30 for 
these western shores, bade an affectionate adieu to the Church of 
England, trusting in God to be with and to guide them, so with the 
prayer that the divisions and compromises in the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church might be overruled for the glory of God, he said, 
farewell ! " 

More than three score years and ten of his life had now been 
spent. Unremittingly he had wielded the Sword of the Spirit in the 
defence of the Truth for a third of a century. He carried the marks 
of conflict. Might he not have retired in glory and rested in peace ? 
No one could have gainsay ed such an act. But his work was not 
done. Coke at the age of seventy started to Christianize India ; 
might he not a3 well have yet a task to perform ? The Reformed 
Episcopal Church, organized by the more aggressive and zealous of 
his earlier colleagues, had been in existence three years. It was a 
strictly Protestant liturgical church ; canon ically free from roman- 
izing errors, with an open pulpit, and sacramentarianism expunged. 
It was indeed — as he thought — the church of his fathers, the Pro- 



216 The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [J u ^y> 

testant Episcopal Church of fifty years ago ! Its establishment in 
this, the intellectual and mercantile centre of New England, at once 
became the darling and holy ambition of his life. By the help of 
God he would give to it the benefit of his name, his experience and 
his faith ! The history of his subsequent efforts in Boston may be 
briefly narrated. On the 13th of November, 1877, his letter of 
resignation to the Bishop of this Diocese, appeared in print. On 
the Advent Sundav following, with a little band of devoted adher- 
ents, he inaugurated public services in the Freeman Place Chapel, 
under the constitution and canons of the Reformed Episcopal 
Church. This action is regarded as the crowning act of his life, the 
cap-sheaf of his history ! In many respects it partook of the char- 
acter of true heroism. Friends were few, and foes were many, but 
the invincible faith of Samuel Cutler neither required the encour- 
agement of the one, nor was dismayed by the derision of the 
other. He gave no heed to opposition. In the consciousness of 
right he was content, if need be, to stand alone ! During the two 
years in which he served as pastor of this little flock, his task was 
that of a conservator rather than a promulgator of their particular 
views, and when eighteen months ago, at his own request, his suc- 
cessor appeared, as the work began to develop and promise a hap- 
py result, he felt that at last he might die. His language was then, 
"Lord, now let thy servant depart." The day of happy release soon 
came. In the early spring of last year he was attacked by disease 
of a rheumatic nature, which defied the physician's skill. His 
death however was hastened, perhaps, by his own indisposition 
to remain. "All the days of his appointed time would he wait till 
his change came," but still he was anxious to go. "Why tarry so 
the chariot wheels?" he said ; " Come quickly, Lord Jesus, come ! " 
It was just before dawn on the morning of the 17th of July, 1880, 
that his spirit departed. The closing days and hours of his life were 
spent in testifying to the power and goodness of God. His suffer- 
ing was at times severe, yet not a murmur escaped ; the Atonement 
of Christ was the theme of his thought ; he often rehearsed the 
promises ; his faith never failed- Triumphantly resigning his 
etrongest and tenderest ties, he glided away without a fear or a 
doubt into the fathomless, measureless ocean of God. "He came to 
his grave like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season." He was 
ripe for the kingdom. Ripe in years, ripe in his worldly relations, 
ripe in the fulfilment of the happiest dream of his life. That life 
closed without a cloud, 

" As sets the morning star, "which goes 
Not down behind the darkened West, nor hides 
Obscured among the tempests of the sky, 
But melts away into the light of Heaven." 

Mr. Cutler's influence extended greatly beyond his immediate 
circle of friend3 and acquaintances. He was a copious writer — the 



1881.] The Rev. Samuel Cutler. 217 

author of several tracts and larger devotional works, and a frequent 
contributor to the periodical press. Among the larger devotional 
books from his pen maybe mentioned those entitled, "The Name 
Above Every Name," and "The Work of the Holy Spirit;" being 
doctrinal and practical meditations for every day in the year. Both 
of them, recently revised, are published by the American Tract 
Society. He was a promoter of private and public charities ; a 
director of the North End Mission ; interested in the American 
Bible and Tract Societies, the General Theological Library of Boston, 
and other similar institutions. 

On the 5th of November, 1869, he was admitted a resident mem- 
ber of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, and the 
following year constituted himself a life member. He took an ac- 
tive part in the affairs of the society, and made frequent contribu- 
tions to the librarv. During the absence of the recording secretarv 
from the United States, Mr. Cutler was chosen secretary pro tem- 
pore, and performed the duties of that office from December, 1873, 
to June, 1874. At the annual meeting, January 6, 1875, he was 
chosen historiographer to succeed the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D. 
This office, for which he had peculiar qualifications, he held till his 
death, over five years and a half. In this time he wrote memorial 
sketches of more than one hundred and seventy-five deceased mem- 
bers, which were read at the monthly meetings of the society and after- 
wards printed in the Register. The readers of this work will 
agree with the writer, that they are models of concise biography, 
showing a painstaking accuracy and love of truth. 

Although Mr. Cutler was twice married, no living descendant sur- 
vived him ; his only child — a son, born of his second wife — having 
died eleven years ago, at the age of thirty-three. The first marriage 
of Mr. Cutler took place August 31, 1829, with Julia A., daugh- 
ter of Levi and Lucretia Cutter, of the city of Portland, Maine. 
The second, June 19, 1833, with Elizabeth D., daughter of John 
and Deborah Gardner, of Exeter, N. II., who survives him. 

He was ever intensely active, earnest and aggressive in the cause 
of the Lord ; and like Hezekiah, f in every work that he began in 
the service of God, he did it with all his heart, and prospered." 
And yet he was a man of great prudence. No one could imagine 
him hasty, or rash, or unwise. It was his habit to deliberate long; 
to weigh cause and effect. He was conscientious to an extraordi- 
nary degree. The paramount question with him was not, " What is 
my policy?" but, "What is my duty 9" The personal sacrifice he 
made on leaving the old church to unite with the new, turned on a 
question of conscience ; so did his change from mercantile life to 
the humble and unremunerative work of the gospel. It would be 
almost superfluous to say to those who knew him that he was pure 
in his life. One can hardly conceive that he had ever an enemy, 
so considerate was he, and gentle, and true L He was open handed 
vol. xxxv. 19* 



_ 

218 Sudbury Documents. [July, 

in charity, adopting early in life a rule to winch he ever adhered, 
of appropriating a certain part of his annual income to the service 
of God. As freely as he received he cheerfully fjave. "In water- 
ing others," he said " he became watered also himself." He was 
broad in spirit. Like the late Dr. Charming, whom in many re- 
spects he greatly revered, he distrusted sectarian influence. He 
never sympathized with modern high church views, and always held 
to the validity of the Christian ministry and ordinances as ad minis- 
tered in Protestant churches of other names than his own. He was 
firm in the truth. Modern speculation never disturbed him so far 
as his own hope was concerned. He knew whom he believed. 
He was saddened by the rationalism and infidelity of the day be- 
cause of their effect upon ethers ; but as for himself he ever re- 
tained his hold upon the truth as to the Tri-unity of God, the neces- 
sity of the Atonement, the plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures, and 
Justification by Faith. These were the foundation stones of his spi- 
ritual building than to deny which he would sooner have parted with 
his life ! He was not only firm in the truth, but steadfast in faith. 
Faith in his Saviour's ability and readiness to pardon his sin ; faith 
in the superintending Providence of God ; faith in the fulfilment of 
His every promise. Faith which produced a childlike submission, 
a patient endurance, an ever hopeful anticipation. "I have faith to 
believe," was his favorite, and perhaps most frequently uttered re- 
mark. It was that faith which grandly sustained him and encour- 
aged others in the work of the gospel. It has found its reward, let 
us hope, in the fulfilment of its own holy desires. 



SUDBURY DOCUMENTS. 

Communicated by William B. Trass, Esq., of Boston. 

THE two papers, copied from the original, which follow, we 
consider to be of great importance, as they give additional 
light and information in regard to the Sudbury fight in 1676, which 
has been discussed in the pages of the Register by the Hon. 
George S. Boutwell, and by a Committee of the Society, chosen in 
1866, consisting of Frederic Kidder, Esq., and Gen. Adin B. 
Underwood. See Register, xx. 135, 341. 

Sudbury's Account of losses — 1676. 

An Accompt of Losse Susteined by Severall Inhabitants of j* towne of 
Sudbury by y* Indian Enemy y* 21 th Aprill 167G. 

li s d 

Mary Bacon formerly j* Relict of Ensigne Noyes . . 140: 00: 00 

Thomas Plympton . 130: 00: 00 

Deacon John Haines 180: 00: 00 



1881.] 



Sudbury Documents. 



219 



Serj: Josiah Haines 
Cap': James Pendleton 
John Goodenow . 
William Moores 
Edward Wright . 
Elias Kejes 
John Smith 
Samuell How 
M r Pelham 
M r Thomas Steevens 
Corporall Henry Rice 
John Allen 
James Rosse 
John Grout jun* 
Thomas Rice 
Widct Whale 
Henry Curtice 
John Brewer 
Jacob Moores . 
Henry Loker 
Joseph ffreeman 
Joseph Graves 
Peter King 
Widd Habcrood . 
Benjamin Crane 
Thomas Wedge 
John Blanford 
Thomas Brewes . 
Richard Burk 
Thomas Reade 



190: 
060: 
150: 
180: 
100: 
060: 
080: 
140: 
050: 
015: 
180: 
060: 
070: 
060: 
100: 
024: 
200: 
120: 
050: 
100: 
080: 
060: 
040: 
020: 
020: 
015: 
010: 
010: 
010: 
003: 



00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 



Totall Sum 



2707: 00: 00 



Besides y e uncovering y* Many houses & Barnes, & some hundreds of 
Acres of lands which lay unimproved for feare of y e Enemy to Our greate 



loss & Damage. 



Sudbury's Petition to the General Court, 1676. 

To y e Hon ble y e Governo 7 Dep 1 Governo 7 Magistrates & Deputies of y* 
Gen 11 Court assembled at Boston y e 11 th Octob r 1676 

The hum ble Petition of yo r : poore distressed Inhabitants of Sudbury 
Humb Sheweth 

That whereas yo r impoverished Petition 1 ™ of Sudbury have received in- 
telligence of a large contribution sent out of Ireland by some pious, & well 
affected psons for y e releife of theire brethren in New-England distressed 
by y e hostile intrusion of y e Indian Enemy, and that upon this divers dis- 
tressed townes have presented a list of theire losses Susteined by fireing & 
plundering of theire Estates. Let it not seeme presumption in yo r poore 
Petition" to p r sent a list of what Damages we sustained by y e Enemies 
attempts hopeing that o r lott will be to be considered among Our bretheren 



■ • 

220 Sudbury Documents. [July, 

of y e tribe of Joseph, being encouraged by an act of Our Hon ble Gen 11 
Court, that those who have Susteined considerable damage should make 
addresse to this p r sent Session. And is there not a reason for Our releife ? 
Not onely by reason of Our greate losses, but also for Our Service pform- 
ed in repelling y e Enemy: let y e Most High have y e high praise due unto 
him, but let not y e unworthy Instruments be forgotten. Was there with Vs 
any towne so beset since y e warr began with twelve, or fourteene hundred 
fighting men, various Sagamores from all Parts with theire men of Amies 
& they resolved by Our ruine to revenge y e releife which Our Sudbury Vol- 
unteers afrbarded to distressed Malbrough in slaying many of y e Enemy 6c 
repelling y e rest. The strength of Our towne upon y e Enemy's approach- 
ing it consisted of Eighty fighting men. True, many houses were fortified, 
& Garrison'd & tymously after y e Enemy's invasion, & fireing some Volun- 
teers from Watertown, & Concord & deserveing Cap 4 Wadsworth with his -A 
force came to Our releife, which speedy & Noble service is not to be for- 
gotten. The Enemy well knowing Our grounds, passes, avenues, and situ- 
ations had neare surrounded Our towne in y e Morning early (Wee not 
knowing of it) till discovered by fireing several! disserted houses: the Enemy 
with greate force & fury assaulted Deacon Haines' house well fortified yet 
badly scituated, as advantagous to y e Enemy's approach & dangerous to y" 
Repellant, yet (by y e help of God) y e Garrison not onely defended y e place 
fro betweene five or six of y e clock in y e Morning till about One in y e After- 
noone but forced y e Enemy with considerable slaughter to draw-off. 

Many Observables worthy of Record hapned in this assault. Vizt: That 
noe man or woman seemed to be possessed with feare : Our Garrison-men 
kept not within their Garrisons, but issued forth to fight y e Enemy in their 
sculking approaches : We had but two of Our townes men slaine, & y l by 
indiscretion, none wounded ; The Enemy was by few beaten out of houses 
which they had entered & were plundering. And by a few hands were 
forced to a running flight which way they could : y e spoyle taken by them 
on y e East side of y e river was in greate p te recovered. 

Furthermore pmitt yo r hum ble Petitcon™ to present a second Motion, 
And let it be acceptable in y e eyes of this Our Grand Court Vizt : 

That whereas. by an Act of Our late Gen 11 Court Ten rates are leavied 
upon Our towne amonting unto 200 lb : (as appeareth p warrant from Our ~< 

Treasurer, which said sum was leavied by Our Iuvoyce taken in y e yeare 
before Our greate damage susteyned. It is y e humble & earnest request of 
yo r Petition" to commisserate Our Condition in granting to vs some abate- 
ment of y e said sum, for y e ensueing considerations. Vizt fiirst Our towne 
to pay full for theire estates then taken, which in greate pte they have now 
lost by y e Enemy's invasion may seem not to savour of pitty no not of 
equity. Secondly if y e service pforrned at Sudbury (by the help of y e Al- 
mighty) w r hereby y e Enemy lost some say 100, some 105, some 120 and 
by that service much damage prevented from hapning to other places 
where by y e Country in generall was advantaged, reason requires some fa- 
vourable consideration to yo r servants of Sudbury. For if it be considered 
what it hath cost Our Country in sending out some forces some of which 
pties have not returned with y e certaine newes of such a number slaine as 
with us, is it not reason 1 " that this service soe beneficiall should not be con- 
sidered with some reward which may most easily be essected [sic! by issue- 
ing forth an Act of yo r grace in a sutable abatem 1 of y e said sum leavied. 
"With y e conferring of a liarrell of Powder & sutable shott in regaurd that 
yo 1 Petioners have spent not onely their owne stock of either, but much of 



1880.] Sudbury Documents, 221 

y c Towne stock. To which humble & Equitable Motions if Our hon bl8 
Court shall benignely condescend Yo u will deepely Oblidge yo r humble 
Petitioners not onely to pray for y e p r sence of y e Lord to be with yo u in 
all yo r arduous affaires with the blessing of Thalmighty upon all yo r under- 
takeings but shall for Ever remaine Yo r humble Servants, 

Edm. Browne Peter noyes 

Edm Goodnow Jonathan Stanhope 

John Grovtt Edward wright 

John Haines Jebeth Browne 

Josiah Haynes John Grovt jun r 

Thomas Read Joseph Graves 

Peter King Tho: Walker 

John Rvter sen' John Blanford 

Joseph Noyes John Allen 

John Goodenow Henry Curtis 

Matthew Gibs Jacob Moores 

Thomas wedee John Brewer 

Benjemen Crane James Ross 

Zacriah Maynord Richard Burk 

Joseph : Moore John Smith 

John Parminter Thomas Breves. 

Joseph parmenter Samuell How 

Henery Loker 

In Answ r to the Petion" for Abatem* in their Last Ten Country Rates 
by reason of their Losses in Estates by the Como Enemy: wee vppon ex- 
ama finde y* in their Last Assesm* their estats falls short 4 lb . 9 9 . : in 
their single Country Rate doe therfor Judge meet. s d Towne of Sudbury 
be Allow d £44: 10' out of their whole sume to their 10. Rates: & Re- 
ferring to their request for a Barrell of Powder &c. wee refer it to y* 
Courts determnacon. 

William Parke 
Hugh Mason 
John Wayte. 

The Deputyes approue of the ret. of this Committee in Answer to this 
pet. o T Hono rd magis" Consenting hereto 

William Torrey Cleric. 

25 October 1676. Consented to by y - magis". 

Edward Rawson Secrey. 

^[Endorsed:] — Sudbury's Petition. — Read xv* the deputyes Read w" 1 the 
magis u & Reffered to the Deputyes first to Ans r it : 

Edw Rawson sect 7 p Curia=En* 3^. 



222 Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 



LETTER OF JEAN MASCARENE, 1687. 

Communicated by Samuel Epes Turneb, A.M., of Baltimore, Md. 

Letter to 31. Devie, his Attorney ^ written from the prison of the Hotel de J r ille, 

JDecember 1, 1687. 

[In the Register, vol. ix., pages 239-47, and vol. x., pages 
143-8, will be found some papers of the Mascarene family, with a 
tabular pedigree. The following letter of instructions and poem, 
in French, from the same collection, have been translated and fur- 
nished us by Mr. Turner. This letter is mentioned in one from 
Paul Mascarene to a relative dated "London, 30th Sept. 1763,"' 
which is printed in the article first referred to above. Those who 
wish to know the later history of Jean Mascarene will find it in the 
letter of Paul. He was kept in prison till April, 1688, when he 
was carried to the frontiers of France and released, but forbidden 
to return to that country. He arrived in Geneva, April 10, 1688, 
from which place he removed to Utrecht, where he died April 6, 
1698, aged 38.— Editor.] 

Sir, 

I have cast my eyes upon you to pray you to defend my rights and 
put them in evidence, because I know of no attorney more enlightened by 
study and by experience, more honorable, or less likely to be influenced by 
an ill-governed and ill-advised religious zeal. 

I make profession of the Reformed Religion, and I am in prison accused 
of having violated the edict of the King, which forbids his subjects to de- 
part the kingdom. 

2. I was arrested at Agen the 20th or 21st of February in the year 
1686 (my wife with me) by the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond, lieutenant of 
dragoons, and conducted by him and several other officers, accompanied by 
soldiers, to the Logis de St. Jacques ; thence, after separation from my 
wife, I was led to the prison of the Presidial of Agen, with others that had 
been arrested, An hour later I was visited by a sergeant and a soldier of 
the Touraine regiment, who took my tablets from me after I had opened 
them in the presence of the goaler. There was nothing in the tablets but 
a bit of card board on which a diagram was drawn. These tablets were 
taken to the officers in command of the troops then in Agen. 

3. Two or three days afterward I was examined by an official in a gown, 
who was addressed as " Lieutenant of the Presidial of Agen." I appealed 
from him to my natural judge, but although I had determined not to an- 
swer any of his questions, I could not restrain myself when he showed me 
my tablets and I saw written in them a sonnet in the Gascon dialect in 
derision, as he said, of the conversions that were made. I presume that the 
officers of the Touraine regiment, through whose hands my tablets passed, 
had written it there. I contented myself with protesting that I had neither 
composed, written, read nor heard mention of the said sonnet, and that it 
had been foisted into my tablets after I had handed them over to the ser- 



1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. 223 

geant and soldier, as I called both them and the gaoler to witness. My 
protest was recorded upon the sonnet itself. 

4. After a second hearing, some twelve or fifteen days later, during 
which I kept urging my appeal, I was sent to Castres, together with M. 
Dnpuy, now a prisoner in the Conciergerie under the same charge with me. 
He was arrested the same day that I was, and it was then that 1 made his 
acquaintance. 

After we had been some days in the prison of Latoucandiere at Castres, 
M. Barbara, the criminal judge, proceeded to my hearing. 

5. He asked me if it were not true that I had left my house in Castres 
at the beginning of the summer of 1GS5, to go into the country. I replied 
that I had passed the summer with my wife at my farm near Angles, at- 
tending to my haying and harvesting, and enlarging my house, which had 
previously contained but oue room, so as to pass comfortably one or two 
months there everv summer. 

6. He asked me if after returning to Castres towards the end of the 
summer I had not again gone to my farm. I answered in the affirmative. 

7. He asked me why I had left my country house with my wife about 
the 10th or 12th of October, 1685. I answered that my wife was then 
pregnant, expecting to be confined in seven or eight days, and was much 
alarmed at the rumors current that Castres and Angles were to be given 
up to the soldiery, as the neighboring towns had already been, and afraid 
that our house would be occupied by them. 

As it was impossible for me to reassure her, and I saw that her life and 
our child's life were in danger. I sought an asylum for her among: some pea- 
sants in the mountains near Nove, where we passed part of the winter. 
Here she was delivered of a male child, which was named Jean Paul Mas- 
carene (he is now at Castres). 

8. He asked me why I had gone to Toulouse. I replied that the new3 
that twenty of the Conismark {quei'y, I^onigsmark) regiment had sold my 
cottage and all the hay and straw on my farms, together with my furniture, 
and had been detailed in the night to arrest us, so increased my wife's fears 
that we were obliged to depart. This was the more necessary because we 
could no longer remain in that locality by reason of an ordinance of the 
Intendant which forbade harboring those of the Religion under the penalty 
of 500 livres fine. 

I said, moreover, that Article XII. of the edict of the Kin^r revoking the 
Edict of Nantes, gave us liberty to go into all the cities of the kingdom with- 
out molestation on occount of our relisrion. 

9. He asked me why I had not stayed at Toulouse, and why I had em- 
barked on the Garonne in the mail-boat. I answered that thinking it im- 
possible to remain in Toulouse with safety because I was well known there, 
I determined to go to cities where I was not known, where I could wait 
until it should please the Kin£ to ordain some abiding measures with refer- 
ence to his subjects of the Religion called Reformed, for although it 
was forbidden by his Majesty to disturb them, nevertheless some persons 
abused their power and seized the opportunity to persecute such as they 
had grudges against. That my wife could not then travel conveniently on 
horseback, because she was not fully recovered from an illness consequent 
upon her lying in, and hence I concluded to embark on the Garonne in the 
boat that runs regularly to Agen. Arrived at Agen I feared for my safety 
there, because I was known to Lt. de Romeus, a native of Castres, who 
commanded the troops quartered in the city by virtue of senior Captaincy, 



224 Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 

and because I saw several other officers who knew my wife and myself, and 
heard that people of the Religion had been arrested there. 

Thus I was compelled to embark at once on the boat for Bordeaux. "We 
were no sooner aboard, than the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond accosted me and 
asked if I did not profess the Religion called Reformed. On my replying 
that I did, he commanded my wife and myself in the King's name to follow 
him, and we obeyed. 

10. M. Barbara, the criminal judge, then asked me explicitly if it were 
not true that I had intended to depart the kingdom. I replied that I loved 
my country too well to leave it, unless forced to do so. 

11. He next asked me if I had not planned with M. Dupuy of Cara- 
man, M. de Moulens and wife, the Lt. Candier and wife, resident at Bruni- 
quet, three leagues from Montauban, and the Lt. Malabion (now at Cas- 
tres), to depart the kingdom. To this question I replied in the negative, 
and added that I did not know M. Dupuy or the Lt. Candier or his wife at 
all, and that I only knew M. de Moulens and wife by sight — that the three 
former lived at the distance of nine or ten leagues from my place of resi- 
dence, the latter at the distance of twelve or fifteen leagues. 

I acknowledged that on my arrival in Toulouse 1 had met the Lt. de 
Malabion, who told me that he was bound to the fair at Bordeaux with the 
horse that he was then riding (the horse belonged to the judge, M. Bar- 
bara). I was surprised afterwards to find the Lt. de Malabion on the boat, 
and asked him what he had done with his horse. 

12. The judge next asked me what was my object in going to Bordeaux. 
I replied that I went because I could not safely remain at Agen, and was 
in hopes to pass a few days there unnoticed and in quiet, at least during the 
fair, which was to begin in seven or eight days. (I intended to stop in La 
Reale or elsewhere in case I found the safety and rest that I was seeking.) 

Four of my tenants from different farms testified that I set out from my 
farm at Carrelle where I had passed the summer, but that they did not 
know whither I went. One of th^m said that I set out in the night with 
my wife. My testimony in that regard you will find in section 7. 

Two of the town council of Angles testified that a sergeant and twenty 
soldiers of the Conismark {query, Koaigsmark) regiment, in command of a 
commissioned officer, went to my farm at Carrelle, and that one of them on 
his return to Angles said that they had not found me. See again my testi- 
mony in section 7. 

A certain Darraquy tutor in a gentleman's family testified that when I 
was asked by the gentleman with whom he lived whether I would not change 
my religion, I replied that I was convinced of the truth of my religion and 
hoped to be faithful to it all my life. I not only admitted this fact to M. 
Barbara when he confronted me with this witness, but I told him that if he 
would take the trouble to ask me the same question, I should ever make 
the same reply. 

By judgment rendered in the month of April, 168G, M. Dupuy and my- 
self were sentenced to the galleys for life, our property was confiscated and 
a fine of a thousand pounds imposed to be paid into the royal treasury. 

Later we had to appear before the Parliament of the Presidency of Tou- 
louse, and some days thereafter we were separated. M. Dupuy remained 
at the Conciergerie, while I was transferred to the prison of the Hotel de 
Ville, from which I write to you. 

A year after, viz. May 7th of the present year, 1687, we had a hearing at 
La Lelette, where the Councillors of the Chamber of Parliament asked me 



1881.] Letter of Jean JIascarene. 225 

some questions concerning the matters specified above, but occupied most of 
the time of the hearing in discussing affairs that have nothing to do with 
our present business. 

Although my religion passes for a crime, and I know well that but 
for my religion I should not be in my present condition, I make bold to jus- 
tify this so-called crime, and choose rather to be the criminal that I am than 
to recover all that I have lost. 

All discussion apart, I am persuaded of the truth of my religion, my con- 
science refuses what is offered me, and I have an uncontrollable aversion to 
hypocrisy.- 

It is my opinion that all that can bring us to embrace any religion is the 
knowledge that we have of God and of what he has done for us, the love and 
gratitude that we feel towards him, our recognition and our love of truth, 
our fear of infinite and eternal misery, and our hope of perfect and eternal 
happiness. 

In all my hearings I omitted mention of an affair in which my wife was 
concerned, that gave us Qood reason to fear seizure and maltreatment. You 
will perhaps consider its bearing upon my case important, and hence it will 
not be improper for me to digress here. 

I married Marguerite de Salavy three years ago. Four years ago a certain 
young man named Calvet gave her a blow in the public street. On account 
of this insult a warrant was issued for his arrest, and he was arrested and 
carried to the prison of La Tourcaudiere, where the relatives and friends of 
the said Mile, de Salavy, now mv wife, were obliged to stand guard over 
him, because the gaoler would not be responsible for his safe keeping by 
reason of the insecurity of the prison and his fear of the said Calvet. He 
was tried before the proper officials at Castres, and sentenced to six years 
in the galleys. This sentence was about to be carried into execution, when 
by the decree of the Parliament, issued upon his appeal, it was commuted 
and he was sentenced to beg Mile. Salavy 's pardon in her house at Castres, 
in the presence of such persons as she should choose, and was banished the 
city and faubourgs for one year. 

The father of the said Calvet was consul of Castres in 1685, when the soldiers 
came there, and as it was a time when those who had authoritv abused it to 
satisfy their private animosities, he boasted that the first fifty dragoons that 
entered Castres should be detailed to plunder our property and persecute us 
at our small farm at Carrelles, where we then were, and where our only 
shelter was one room. Picture to yourself the feelings of a woman ex- 
pecting to be confined in two or three days, on hearing such news as this. 

The same i Calvet was afterwards the cause of our quitting the place where 
my wife was brought to bed. He happened to meet on his road a man from 
the farms of Poussines, and inquired of him particularly my whereabouts, 
saying that he was one of my intimate friends and wished to know where I 
was in order to offer me his services and pass a few days with me. Wa 
learned that he had gone to Castres to inform his father the Consul that all 
he had to do was to send the soldiers, and that they could not- fail to secure 
our persons this time as they had failed before. lie had already had the 
satisfaction of seeing our property seized and made away with. 

From the data that I have given you, and from the other points that shall 
be furnished if we have time, please make up a brief, putting all other busi- 
ness aside as long as necessary for attention to this, because the Procureur 
General spoke to my Procureur, M. Manou, to-day, of bringing the case up 

vol. xxxy. 20 



226 Letter of Jean Mascarene, [July, 

soon, and our trial may take place on Saturday next. Nevertheless, we 
must take time enough to have the brief printed and to distribute it. 

If there is need of our having a personal interview, I beg you will come 
to see me here, assuring vou that whatever time vou employ in mv behalf 
shall not be time lost to you. If there are any expenses to be met other 
than for the trial of the case. I prav vou advise the bearer of this letter, for 
I am resolved to use all the influence of my friends and connections, all that 
I can claim of them and all that is left to me, to make good my defence, 
leaving the issue to the will of God. If I must suffer, I shall suffer more 
patiently knowing that I have not to blame myself for neglect in any re- 
spect. To my thinking it is as much a man's duty to sacrifice his possessions 
to save his life, as it is to sacrifice both- life and possessions to save his soul. 

I am. Sir, 
Your very humble and very obedient servant, 

Mascarene. 

I do not. remember, Sir, that there was anything said in the course of 
my trial about the Lt. Calvet referred to in the summary that I sent you 
of my case, because it never entered my head that M. Barbara could im- 
pose any penalty upon me. and I was accordingly at no great pains to jus- 
tify my actions. If, however, you think that matter of some importance, I 
can prove what I advance as follows. 

It is on record that Lt. Calvet was consul in 1686. The reasons that 
he and his son had for ill feeling towards mv wife and myself are evident 
from the sentence recorded in the ordinances of Castres, which condemned 
the latter to the gallevs at the suit of Marguerite de Salavv. now mv wife, 
and from the arrest of judgment upon his appeal recorded at the Chamber 
of Parliament, which changed the penalty and condemned him to ask her 
pardon, and to banishment for one year. The threats which he publicly 
made can likewise be proved. To the best of my recollection, when I sat 
in the prisoner's dock in the Chamber of Parliament on May 7th of the 
present year, 1G87, one of the judges asked a question that bore so directly 
■upon this matter that I made mention of it ; but of this I cannot be sure. 

The Sr. Barbara condemned me on the presumption that my desire to 
go to the neighborhood of Bordeaux and my embarking on the Garonne 
were due to an intention to depart the kingdom. But my journey was 
made for another reason, and was due to the persecution of a private 
enemy. 

What right had he to condemn me out of his imagination ? Even if his 
theory had ground, it would be at most but putting it that I had the inten- 
tion of departing the kingdom, and I have always heard say that intentions 
are not punished in France. 

I was arrested at Agen forty or fifty leagues from the frontier, and you 
might say in the heart of the kingdom. Admitting that I had such inten- 
tion, I should have had plentv of time to change mv mind, and might rea- 
sonably have done so, knowing as I did that even since the edict of the 
King revoking the Edict of Nantes, those who professed the Religion called 
Reformed could remain in all the cities of the kingdom without being mo- 
lested on account of their religion. There was nothing then to fear but 
the resentment of individuals and the malice of those who abused their 
power. 

It is clear that M. Barbara took part against me from the fact that when 
my three neighbors were brought to confront me (I think they were the 



1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene, t 227 

first witnesses produced), it was discovered that he had couched their depo- 
sitions in his own words according to his own fancy, instead of using the 
words of the witnesses. When he read the deposition of the first witness, 
it was worded somewhat as "follows : "Such an one, shoemaker, deposes 
that Sr. Mascarene set out from his house in Castres to sro to his country 
house in order not to change his religion according to the will of the King.'' 
The witness was much astonished and exclaimed that that was not what he 
had testified — that he had said that I set out from Castres to go into the 
country with my family, but what the business was that called me away 
he did not know, not haying the gift of divination so as to be aware of what 
passed in my mind. Sr. Barbara threatened in my presence to put him in 
irons and to hang him, but the witness persisted, and declared that though 
he should hang for it he would only testify to what he knew, whereupon 
Sr. Barbara corrected the record of his testimony. 

As he had treated the depositions of the other two witnesses in the 
same way (they were theu waiting in another room in the prison), under 
pretence that my presence at the correction of the testimony of the first 
witness had annoyed him, he sent me into another room before calling them 
in. The record of their testimony afterward had nothing to say as to the 
design with which I left Castres. 

The truth of what I affirm will appear from the erasures that will be 
found in the original trial papers. 

My name is Jean Mascarene. I am a native of Castres. At the time 
of my first hearing I was about twenty-six years old. I was twenty-seven 
years old the 26th day of April last. 

[The Metre is that of the Original.] 

CANTICLE COMPOSED IN THE PRISON OF THE HOTEL DE Y1LLE. 

IN 1667. 

Oh King of Kings, oh Sovereign Power divine, 
In thee alone I trust. Thine ear incline, 
Show forth in me thy all resistless might 
Before thy foes, and shame them with the sight. 

And to my heart he given 

Su staining strength from heaven 

From thee, its very source, 

That neither trip nor fall 

Arrest my walk in all 

Yet left me of my course. 

My mid career of life they roughly stay 
And shut me from the blessed light of day, 
And fouler means ere long they may employ 
To shake my courage and my iaith destroy. 

Within these gloomy walls, 

Where everything appals, 

As through the dark I peer 

No hope can 1 descry. 

Each moment to my eye 

Presents new forms of fear. 

Weakness and error are within me met 
To turn me from the path that I have set. 
Deign with thy spirit so to point the way 
That nought can tempt my feeble steps astray. 
, In thought of coming bliss 

May I lose eight of this, 



228 Marriages in West Springfield. [July. 

The world, which I resign ; 
Though bound and girt with ill, 
The marty's crown be still 
Held up to me — be mine. 

Well Satan knows that such a sacrifice 
From out his hands must snatch the wished-for prize. 
He bids me hence transgress my country's laws, 
And thinks to filch the. justice from my cause. 

Oh, Lord, his plans confound 

And bring them all to ground. 

The blindest then shall see * 

How thy pure, holy word 

Doth suffer wrong in me. 

Thee have I followed, thee would follow still, 
To live without thee have nor strength nor will. 
Behold thy creature's cheerful offering, 
Peace, liberty and life, my all I bring. 

1 know that but thy nod 

Thy power bounds, Oh God, 

And that thy providence, 

Though all mankind oppose, 

Can shield me from my foes, 

Secure me from offence. 

But though thy hand rend not this massy wall, 
Nor ope these doors, nor draw these bolts, but fall 
On me. and but strike offthe.se galling chains 
To give in death release from all my pains, 

Yet let me not repine, 

Assist my strength with thine, 

Grant steadfast faith and bold, 

My trembling hope to stay, 

And on the awful day 

My constancy uphold. 



MARRIAGES IN WEST SPRINGFIELD, MASS., 1774-1796. 

Contributed by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M., of New York, N. Y. 
[Continued from toI. xxxi. page 2S4.] 

Noadiah Smith ec Tirzah Taylor both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage 27 th May 1787. 

Azahel Colton of Longmeadow & Sarah Lankton of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage June 5, 1787. 

Stephen Bliss Junior of Wilbraham and Clara Leonard of West Spring- 
field were joined in Marriage June y e 7 th 1787. 

Solomon Lee of Westfield and Anna Lamb of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage 21 June 1787. 

The foregoing return of Marriages was made by Mr. Sylvanus Gris- 
wold. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. John Lanckton and Mrs. Agnes 
Smith both of We=t Springfield was entered June 30 th and published July 
1, 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Olds & Rachel Church 
both of West Springfield was entered 30 th Juue and published July 1, 1787. 



1881.] Marriages in West Springfield. 229 

The Intention of Marriage between Doct r Seth Latlirop of West Spring- 
field & Miss Anna Abbott of Ellington was entered July 5 th & published 
y e 8 th 17S7. 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Lanckton of "West Springfield 
and Elizabeth Bacon of Suffield was entered Aug. 3 d and published the 4. 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Benjamin Lilie of Suffield & Anna 
Phillips of West Springfield was entered August 4 th and published y e same 
Dav 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Calvin Steward of Blandford and 
Eleanor Taylor of "West Springfield was entered September l 3t , 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles MeKinstry & Elizabeth 
Taylor both of West Springfield was entered and published Septem r 10 th - 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between James Rising Junior of West Suf- 
field and Sena King of West Springfield was entered September the 13 th - 
1787 & y e lG th of the same Month published. 

The Intention of Marriage between Thomas Tavlor & Clarissa Bagg 
both of West Springfield was entered Septem 1 15 th & published the 16 th 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Joseph Rice of Granby in Con- 
necticut & Miss Abigail Smith of West Springfield was entered & publish- 
ed September 28 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Babcock of Middlefield & 
Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield was entered Septem 1 5 . 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Raneford Rogers of Morristown 
in New Jersey and Belinda Flower of West Springfield was entered Octo- 
ber the 13 th & published y e 14. 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Abner Miller of West Spring- 
field and Miss Lois Edwards of Northampton was entered and published 
Octo r y e 29 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Isaac Morley and Elizabeth Stock- 
well both of West Springfield was entered Nov 1 " 10. & published the 11 th 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Eli Ball and Lucv Worthington 
both of West Springfield was entered November 22 d & published y e 25. 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abraham Ripley & Phebe Bliss both 
of West Springfield was entered November 22 d & published y e 2o Ul 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between William Alley and Martha Bagg 
both of West Springfield was entered Nov r 30 th & published December 2 d 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Seth Adams and Miss Lydia 
Taylor both of West Springfield was entered Dec r 1. and published y e 2 d 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Capt. John Williston and Mrs. Sarah 
Horsford both of West Springfield was entered Dec r 1. and published y e 
2 d 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Ball Jun r and Merah Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered December 5 th & published y e 10 th 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elisha Fowler of West Springfield 

vol. xxxv. 20* 



230 Marriages in West Springfield. [July* 

and Olive "Woodward of Worthington was entered Dec r 8 th and published 
the lG th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Isaac Bearde & Sarah Pepper 
both of West Springfield was entered and published Jan. 3 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abner Ferre of Little Hoosuck & 
Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield was entered Jan y 3 d & published the 
6 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron Bush of Westfield and Mar- 
tha Judd of West Springfield was entered Jan y 10 th and published the 13 th 
1788. [M. Feb. 4.] 

The Intention of Marriage between Simon Brooks of West Springfield 
and Hannah Owen of Southampton was entered January 18th and pub- 
lished the 20 th 1788. 

Return of Mr. Lathrop. 

Ithamar Jones & Thankfull Day were joined in Marriage February 21, 
1787. 

Heindrick Wilner of Springfield and Mary Hayward of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage March 22, 1787. 

Stephen Day and Sophia Bagg both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage July 12, 1787. 

Luke Parsons Jun r & Esther Jones both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Sept. 27, 1787. 

Thomas Taylor & Clarissa Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage Nov 1 " 1, 1787. 

Calvin Steward of Blandford and Eleanor Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage Nov r 8 th 1787. 

Daniel Babcock of Middlefield and Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage Decern 1 " 4, 1787. 

William Alley and Martha Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage December 17 £U 1787. 

Cap" Jn° Williston & Mrs. Sarah Horsford both of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage December 20, 1787. 

Charles Ball junior & Merab Miller both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Feb 7 4, 1788. 

Silence Day Daughter of Eli Day and Lydia Day was born January the 
first 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Remington of West Spring- 
field and Lovisa Ilockum of Westfield was entered February the th and 
published the same Day 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Justin Day of Essex a Town in the 
State of Vermont and Rhoda Day of West Springfield was entered Feby. 
9 th and published the same Day. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap n [Preserved?] Leonard of West 
Springfield and Mrs. Mary Harrad (I suppose Ilarwood) of Westford was 
entered March 1 st and published y e 2 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Pieman Worthington & Martha 
Barber both of West Springfield was entered March the first & published 
the 2' 1 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Frederick Palmer & Abigail M c In- 
tier both of West Springfield was entered March 9 th & published the 10 th 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Grove Barker and Persis Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered March 1 o lh and published. 



1881.] Marriages in West Springfield. 231 

The Intention of Marriage between Jeremiah Carrier Junior of "West 
Springfield and Sarah Ball of Northampton was entered March 18 th and 
published the 23, 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jonathan Church of Springfield & 
Theodosia Morley of West Springfield was entered April 5 th & published 
the sixth 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Julius Appleton and Delight Mor- 
gan both of West Springfield was entered April 19 th & published the 20 th 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper 
both of West Springfield was entered April 25 th & published the 2Q lh 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Day & Ali Grander both of 
Wt. Springfield was entered May 3. & published y e -4 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Thomas Bagg of West Spring- 
field & Eunice Saekett of Westfield was entered Mav the 10 th & published 
the 11 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Henry Rogers Jun T and Rebekah 
Day both of West Springfield was entered May 17, and published the 18, 
1788. 

Daniel Ashley son of Lt. Benj. a Ashley & Mrs. Ruth Ashley was born 
May 12 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between n Billings of Conway and Caro- 
lina Adams of West Springfield was entered July — & published the 20 th 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Dudlv Lamb of West Springfield and 
Rhoda Lee of Westfield was entered and published the 25 th October 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Perez Mirrick and Hannah Williston 
both of West Springfield was entered September 20 th & published the 21. 
1788. 

I do hereby certify that on the 23d Day of Sept r 1788 David Smith & 

Clarissa Day both of South Hadley were joined in lawful Marriage by me. 

Attest Justin Ely Justice of t'le Peace West Springfield April, 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between of West Springfield & Sarah 

Weller of Westfield was entered Nov* 22 d & published y e 23 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap n Joseph Day of West Spring- 
field & Mrs. Lois Lvman of Northampton was entered Nov r 21. & publish- 
ed the 23. 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Anson Williston of Springfield & 
Chloe Nelson of West Springfield was entered y e 20 th Novem 1 & published 
y e 23 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of 
West Springfield was entered October 4 th and published the o lh 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Rogers and Lucv Smith both 
of West Springfield was entered the 28 th November & published y e 30 th 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Williston jun r & Sophia Day 
both of West Springfield was entered the 29 th November & published the 
30 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Lee of West Springfield & 
Hannah Ward of Blandford was entered January the 23 d and published 
the 25 th 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Leonard and Mercy Rem- 
ington both of West Springfield was entered February 7 th & published the 
8 th 1789. 



232 Maj, Robert Pike's Land in Salisbury. [July, 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Sylvanns Collins Griswold of 
Suffield and Miss Elizabeth Phelaud of West Springfield was entered 
March 7 th 1789 & published the 8 th next following. 

William Mumford & Lucy Horton both of West Springfield the Inten- 
tion of Marriage between them was entered March 21 s ' & published v e 22 d 
1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Justin Leonard and Theodosia Leon- 
ard both of West Springfield was entered March 28 th & published the 
29 th 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ezekiel Kent & Desirable Allen 
both of West Springfield was entered September the 26 th &, published the 
27 th 1789. 

The following persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective names. 

Justin Day of Essex in Vermont and Rhoda Day of West Springfield, 
Feb- V 16, 1788. 

Simon Brooks of West Springfield and Hannah Owen of Southampton 
Feb- V 21, 1788. 

Abner Ferry of Little Hoosuck and Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield 
March 3, 1788. 

Grove Barker & Persis Miller both of West Springfield April 3, 1788. 

Daniel Day & Abi Granger both of West Springfield, May 18, 1788. 

Henry Rogers Jun r and Rebecca Day both of West Springfield June 
12, 1788. 

Perez Mirick and Hannah Williston of West Springfield Sept. 30, 1788. 

Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of West Springfield Octo r 15, 1788. 

William Brewster & Sarah Williston both of West Springfield Nov 1 20, 
1788. 

Israel Williston Jun r & Sophia Day both of West Springfield Decern 1 " 17, 
1788. 

Elijah Rogers & Lucy Smith both of West Springfield Dec r 25, 1788. 

Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper both of West Springfield March 12, 
1789. By me J. Lathrop. 

[To be continued.] 



MAJOR ROBERT PIKE'S LAND IN SALISBURY. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE Deposition of Richard Smith aged 53 y" or upwards & John Pres- 
see aged 55 y" is as fTolloweth 
Namely that in or about the y r 1050 or 51. we these deponants did arive 
heere in this Country: & Towne of Salsbury w th o r mast r Maj r Robert Pike 
XV th whome we y* yeare came from England ; & dwelt w tn him many years 
after not less than 10 or 12 concerned in it and about his affaires & busi- 
ness, & in all y l time nor since till of late did we ever heare it Questioned 
about the fllatts & meadow below m r Hooks by merrimack River between 
Mundays Creek & Hogg house creeke but y* it was alwayes called the ma- 
jors & no bodyes elce & it was by him & his order used occupyed possessed 
& peceably & quietly enjoyed w tn out any disturbance that ever we saw or 
heard of we farther say that when we came into the Country ther was a 



1881.] Thomas Sharp's Letter from England, 1632. 233 

good rayle fence that did fence y* meadow & some upland of the majors 
that was next it into a pasture were he made use of both for ffeeding & 
mowing as it was capable or as he saw occasion it was fed by milch cows 
oxen & other cattell of his & by e his order w th out controle or Question we 
farther Tesify that the bounds of the pasture as then bounded was merri- 
mack River in p l southerly mundays creek esterly & land called Blasdells, 
Rings & morrells or neer to it westerly & the fence went downe upon the 
northward side next the upland of John Rolfe & others & so came east- 
ward to the head of the s d mundays creeke where it stood many years after 
we came. 

We do farther Testify that much of it toward Merrimack River & mun- 
days creeke was then such as was of litle value for either mowing or feed- 
ing not capable of yeilding beflefitt for severall years tho now far other 
wise We farther testify that the cows were milked in the fore mentioned 
pasture both evening & morning by Sarah Browne then servant in the 
house with us. 

They farther add that during theyr service & aboad w th majr Pike they 
had good occation & reason to observe & they never knew that any p r son 
made any use of the s d rlatts but by maj r Pikes order or leave & that they 
know that this is the land at present in controv r sy between Maj r Pike & 
Samuel weed. 

Sworne by both in Court at Newbury Sep 4 27 th 1693. 

f> Steph Sewall Cler. 
Copia vera Examined. 

Stephen Sewall Cler. 

[Endorsed:] Smith & Presse (No: 21) 



THOMAS SHARPS LETTER FROM ENGLAND, 1632. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THOMAS SHARP was one of the eighteen Assistants of the 
Massachusetts Company, who were chosen to that office, Oct. 
20, 1629. Among them were Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Isaac 
Johnson, Mr. John Endecott, Mr. John Humfry, which four ^en- 
tlemen, with Mr. John Winthrop, were the same day put in nom- 
ination for the important position of Governor of the Company, 
preparatory to the government being transferred to New England. 
The Court ' f having received extraordinary great commendacon3 " 
of Mr. Winthrop, f both for his integritie and sufficiencie, as being 
one every w T ay well fitted and accomplished for the place of Governor," 
did with a general vote and a full consent, "by errecon of hands," 
choose him the Governor of said Company for " the ensuing year, to 
begin on this present day." Mr. Sharp was probably a passenger 
in the fleet with Gov. Winthrop. Two days after the formation at 
Charlestown of what is now the first church in Boston, he, with four 
others, joined it. This was on the first of August, 1630. Soon 
after, he was visited with a severe domestic affliction, which is thus 



234 Thomas Sharp's Letter from England, 1632. [July, 

related by Gov. Dudley, in his Letter to the Countess of Lincoln, 
written nine months after the arrival of the emigrants in the Bay. 
" Vpon the third of January," 1630-31, "dyed the daughter of 
Mr. Sharpe, a godly virginne making a comfortable end, after a 
long sicknes. The plantacon here received not the like loss of 
any woman since we came hether and therefore shee well deserves 
to be remembred in this place." A few weeks subsequently ano- 
ther calamity befell Mr. Sharp. On the 16th of March, " about 
noon," according to Gov. Winthrdp (see his Journal, i. 48), 
"the chimney of Mr. Sharp's house in Boston took fire, (the splin- 
ters being not clayed at the top) and taking the thatch burnt it 
down, and the wind being N. W. drove the fire to Mr Colburn's 
house, being [blank] rods off, and burnt that down also, yet they 
saved most of their goods." Gov. Dudley has it, that the accident 
occurred on the 17th, and adds, ' both whose bowses, which were 
as good, and as well furnished as the most in the plantacon were in 
2 houres space burned to the ground together with much of their 
household stuff, apparell and other thinges as allsoe some goods of 
others who soiourned w th them in their bowses." "For the preven- 
tion whereof," he continues, "in our. new r towne intended this somer 
to bee builded, wee have ordered that noe man there shall build his 
chimney with wood, nor cover his house with thatch, which was ( 

readily assented vnto, for that divers other bowses have been burned 
since our arrivall (the fire allwaies beginninge in the woodden 
chimneys)." 

Later in his letter, Dudley writes, f The shipp now waitcs but 
for wind, which when it blowes there are ready to go aboard therein 
for England Sr. Bichard Saltonstall, Mr Sharpe, Mr Coddington 
and many others, the most whereof purpose to returne to vs againe, 
if God will." Mr. Coddington, and also the Bev. John Wilson 
who was one of the passengers in that vessel, returned, but Salton- A 

stall and Sharp came not again. The ship set sail from Salem, on 
her outward voyage, April 1st, and arrived safely at London on the 
29th of the same month. 

Whether Mr. Sharp, on his return to England, took up his abode 
in Groton, the native place of Gov. Winthrop, we cannot tell, as 
his address is not given in the letter which follows. The inference 
is, that it was there or in its immediate neighborhood. 

Worthy S r 

if this Missiue safely arryve att Wynthropia, itt wyll fall vpon a for- 
tune thatt I wyll nott envye ; and yett shall I have an happiuesse thatt I 
much desire ; for then wyll ytt, faithfully present yow and yo r selfe w^ 
myne harty Salutations, some happy occurrences have acquainted niee w 
yo r well-being, and I should rejovce, to bee certayne of yo r safe-being, for 
my feares conclude the Salvages dilligent to sute an opportunytye to their 
Katures. I am as sorry to heare, many reportes blemyshe the hopes 
of yo r plantation, as I am pieasd to bee wy tnesse, of severall desires to place 



a 



1881.] Letters of JS r icIioIas Moorey of Freetown. 



235 



yo w at Grotton ; and had I the casting vote, yo w should bee there againe, 
w th out being seae sicke ; did I suppose, yow would ether bee served here, or 
would bee served bv mee, vo w should have a warrant Dormant, vuder mvne 

V * ■ •■■■ 

hand and seale to command mee. butt in regard that the first stand out of 
all probabyllytie, ceremonious oilers shall nott crowd into this manuscript. 
I doubt nott, but thatt vo w sing the Songes of Syon in a strange land, and 
thatt vo w have brought forth thatt Peace, vo w travaild w th , w ctl I wyshe 
multvplyed to vo w , to the height of all comforte ; lett o r mutuall prayers 
meete at the throne of grace ; and so in confidence thatt no Gulphe shall 
part vSj when wee must departe, I wyll rest, tyll my long Rest 



4* 



March the 6 th 
1032 




[Superscribed :] To my worthy and much respected frend m r John Win- 
thrope the Elder in new England 

whome God preserve 



LETTERS OF NICHOLAS MOOREY OF FREETOWN, MASS. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, E»q., of Boston. 

Freetown Decern 7 : 7 th : 1719. 
Couzen Moorey 

I Had A Letter from you in the Sumer past And I Gaue you An 
Answer forthwith w ch : I hope you Rec d : w ch Might Be som c satisfac": you 
Are often in my thoughts I am Not for "Weighting a Long CataLogue But 
Hope with All Conueniencie Hopeing to see you & yours But Trust & Hope 
you Will Take All your Steps In the fear of the Almighty God As Know- 
ing In & through Jesus Christ is our Aloue Saluatiou : wh n Attained is our 
onely Interest So Hopeing in your Station you Will Be Stedy & other 



236 Longmeadoio Families. [July, 

things will Be Aded as y e Promise w ch : is our only Dependance : I am in 
Hast now I would Not Haue you spare Wrighting I shall Not I shall En- 
Large Wh n opportunty presents M s Coram : wife of Cap' Tom": Coram 
"Was Aquainted With me in New England some years past: Who Was of 
a Good Hon ral : family I Take My Leaue Remaining yours In Afection & 
Loue also to yours. Nicii' MoOREY. 

[Superscribed:] To | M r Jn° Moorey In | London Liueing Near | 
Algate. Bricklayer. 

P r M r Jn° Milner. 



freetown October: 15 th : 1722. 
Couzen John Moorey : 

After Real Lone And Affection to you & yours at this time I am at 
Boston With y r Brother alias Couzen Thomas Smith "Who Hath Been so 
Kind as to Uizet me And My Wife to Acceptance And Blesed Be God We 
Are Reasonable Well I Haue Giuen your Brother Alias Couzen Smith A 
Memorandum of My Will: & the Import thereof Which He Will Exhibit 
to you But if God spare My Life & Health I Will Come to England the 
first opportunity & se you & yours and Hope We shall Accommodate Mat- 
ers to vour & Cozen Smiths satisfaction I Write to you in Short My Cou- 
zen Smith Giueth A Candid account of you And yours I Take my Leue 
Subscribing your Affectionate Uncle Nich 8 : Moorey: 

answ d y e "l3 th Ap 1 1723 

[Superscribed:] A Letter from | Nioho 3 Moorey of New England | to Jn° 
Moorey Dated 15 octo r . 1722. 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Willakd S, Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 163.] 

1st Generation. Nathaniel Ely appears to have been one of the early ""*■ 

settlers of the town of Springfield. He is said to have come from England 

and first to have settled in the town of in the southwestern part of 

Connecticut, and from thence to have removed to Springfield. The time 
of his death as recorded is Dec. 2.3, 1G75. The widow Martha Ely died 
Oct. 23, 1683, supposed to have been his widow. The only child of 
Nathaniel at present known of, was Samuel, probably born before they 
came to Springfield. It further appears from records that Ruth Ely, pro- 
bably daughter of Nathaniel, was married to Jeremy Hortou Oct. 3, 1661, 
and had one son Nathaniel Ilorton who settled in Enfield or Somers. He 
was born June 29, 1662. Ruth the mother died Oct. 12, 1G62. 

2d Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Nathaniel and Martha, as is sup- 
posed, was married to Mary Day the 28th day of the 8th month, 1059. 
Their children as recorded were — Samuel, born 1 day 1 month, 1GG2, died 
22 day 1 month, 1GG2. Joseph, born Aug. 2, 1GG3. Samuel, born Nov. 
4, 1GG4, died Feb. 18, 1GG5. Mary, born March 29, 1667, died April 19, 
1667. Samuel, born May 9, 1GG8. Nathaniel, born Jan. 18, 1670, died 
March 1G, 1G71. Jonathan, born July 1, 1G72, died July 10, 1G72. Na- 



1881.] Longmeadow Families. 237 

thaniel, born Aug. 25, 1674, died Mav, 1689. Jonathan, born Jan. 24, 

1676, died Feb. 27, 1676. Martha, born Oct. 28, 1677, died Nov. 25, 

1677. John, born Jan. 18, 1679. Mary, born June 20, 1681, died Dec. 

21, 1681. Jonathan, born Jan. 21, 1683, died July 27, 1753. Mary, born 
Feb. 29,1685. Ruth, born 1688. Samuel Ely the father died March 
17, 1692. Joseph. Samuel and John had families and settled in West 
Springfield. Jonathan settled in Longmeadow. Mary the widow was 
married April 12, 1694, to Thomas Stebbins, son of Thomas and Hannah. 
Stebbins, he dying Dec. 7, 1695. She, the widow Mary Stebbins, was 
married Dec. 16, 1696, to John Coleman. 

3rd Generation. Joseph Ely, son of Samuel and Mary, married Mary 

. Their children — Joseph, born April 9, 1686. Mary, born July 25, 

1689. Martha, born July 16, 1691. Nathaniel, born "Oct. 21. 1694. 
Ruth, born Oct. 20, 1697. John, born March 17, 1701. Sarah, born Jan. 
8, 1704. John, born June 1.9, 1706. 

[Page 123.] 3rd Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Samuel and Mary, 
was married to Martha Bliss, daughter of Samuel Bliss, Sen., and Mary 
his wife. (Their children.) They were married Nov. 10, 1697. Martha, 
born Dec. 21, 1698. Mary, born Feb. 14, 1700. Samuel, born Sept. 21, 
1701. Martha the mother died July 6, 1702. Samuel the father was mar- 
ried again, Dec. 7, 1704, to Sarah Bodortha. Their children — Sarah, born 
Aug. 30, 1705, died Jan. 5, 1789. Nathaniel, born Sept. 22, 1706. Jo- 
seph, born Oct. 4, 1709. Tryphene, born April 7, 1712. Levi, born Feb. 
12, 1715. Mary, April 5, 1717. 

3rd Generation. John Ely, son of Samuel and Mary Ely, was mar- 
ried Dec. 30, 1703. to Mercy Bliss, daughter of Samuel, Sen., and Mary 
Bliss. Their children — Abel, born Nov. 18, 1706. John, born Dec. 3, 
1707, died May 22, 1754. Reuben, born Jan. 12, 1710. Abner, born 
Sept. 26, 1711. Mercy, born Jan. 22, 1713. Caleb, born Nov. 25, 1714. 
Rachel, born Nov. 11, 1716. Noah, born July 4, 1721. 

[Page 124.] 3rd Generation. Dea. Jonathan Ely, son of Samuel and 
Mary, was married to Lydia Burt, daughter of Jonathan and Lydia Burt, 
March 16, 1709. Their children — Lydia, born May 25, 1710, died Jan. 
2, 1745. Elizabeth, born Nov. 30, 1711, died Oct. 10, 1808. Jonathan, 
born July 24, 1714, died Dec. 29, 1812. Nathaniel, born Sept. 1, 1716, 
died Dec 26, 1799. Mary, born Sept. 14, 1719, died Nov. 24, 1797. 
Lydia was married to Jonathan Hale, Dec. 29. 1736. Elizabeth was mar- 
ried to Jonathan Ferry, published April 7, 1739. Mary married Deacon 
Aaron Colton, Nov. 27, 1746. Dea. Jonathan Ely the father died July 27, 
1753. Lydia the mother Dec. 14, 1767. 

4th Generation. John Ely, son of John and Mercy, was married Nov. 
15, 1733, to Eunice Colton, daughter of John and Joanna Colton. Their 
children — John, born April 6, 1735. Eunice, born Jan. 19, 1737, died 
Aug. 27, 1738. Justin, born Aug. 10, 1739. Eunice, born Aug. 31, 1741. 
Heman, born Jan. 8, 1744, died May 9, 1754. Rhoda, born May 12, 1746, 
died March 5, 1786. Amelia, born Dec. 26, 1750, died April 28, 1786. 
Eunice married the Hon. Roger Newberry, of Windsor. Rhoda married 
the Rev. George Colton, of Bolton, Oct. 7, 1766. Amelia married Dr. 
Jeremiah West, of Tolland, Feb. 8, 1781. John the father died May 

22, 1754. Eunice the mother was married again June 19, 1759, to Roger 
Wolcott, Esq., of East Windsor. After his death she was married again 
April 8, 1761, to Joel White, Esq., of Bolton, and died March 30, 1778. 
Tins family lived in W. Springfield. 

VOL. xxxv. 21 



238 Longmeadow Families. [July* 

4th Generation. Jonathan Ely, of Wilbraham, son of Dea. Jonathan 
and Lydia, of Longmeadow, was married to Esther Chapin, daughter of 
Henry and Esther Chapin, date of their publishment Oct. 18, 1740. Their 
children — Jonathan, born Sept. 14. 1741. Lydia, born March 22, 1744. 

Esther, born . Jonathan, born Oct. 1, 1746. Mercy, born Sept. 7, 

1748. Lydia. bom April 11, 17,51. Juda, born June 24, 1753. Henry, 

born May 15, 1755. Elizabeth, born . Jonathan Ely the father died 

Dec. 29, 1812. 

[Page 125.] 4th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Jona- 
than Ely and Lydia his wife, was married Dec. 7, 1745, to Mary Esta- 
brook, daughter of the Key. Samuel Estabrook, of Canterbury, Conn., and 
Rebecca his wife. Their children — Sarah, born Oct. 31, 1746, died Aug. 
4, 1750. Lydia, born June 2. 1748, died Feb. 19, 1781. Mary, born 
April 7, 1750, died Aug. 19, 1750. Nathaniel, born May 31. 1751, died 
June 18, 1808. Samuel, born June 28, 1753, died Nov. 22, 1774. Sarah, 
born Aug. 12, 1755. died Dec. 12, 1777. Ethan, born Oct. 15, 1757, died 
May 30, 1758. Mary the mother died January 13, 1759, a^ed 41 years. 
Dea. Ely the father was married again April 9, 1761, to Abigail Colton, 
daughter of William and Mary Colton. Their children — Abigail, born 
Jan. 7, 1762. Ethan, born Feb. 13. 1764, died May 13, 1848^ aged 84. 
William, born Aug. 14, 1765. Abigail the mother died December 22, 
1770, in her 46th year. Dea. Ely was married again, April 3, 1777, to Beu- 
lah Colton, daughter of Capt. Isaac Colton. She died April 24, 1786. 
Dea. Ely was married again. Nov. 15. 1787, to Martha Raynolds the widow 
of Dr. Samuel Raynolds, Esq., and daughter of the Rev. Stephen Wil- 
liams, D.D.. and Abigail his wife. She died Feb. 18. 1825. age 92. Dea. 
Ely the father died Dec. 26, 1799, in his 84th year. Lydia married David 
White, of Longmeadow, Jan. 30, 1777. Samuel was educated at Yale 
College, graduated A.D. 1772, and died in a single state. Abigail mar- 

o ' © © © 

ried Elihu Colton, Dec. 6, 1787. "William was educated at Yale College, 
graduated A.D. 1787, settled at Springfield in practice of law. 

\_Page 126.] 5th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Na- 
thaniel Ely and Mary his wife, was married Feb. 16, 1786, to Elizabeth 
Raynolds, daughter of Dr. Samuel Raynolds, Esq., of Somers, and Martha 
his wife. Their children — Mary, born Feb. 4, 1787, died Dec. 15, 1842. 
Samuel, born Aug. 5, 1789, died May 14, 1797. Elizabeth, born Nov. 7, 
1790. Beulah, born April 24. 1792, died Dec. 1838. Martha, born Dec. 
15, 1795. Dea. Nathaniel P21y the father died June 18, 1808. Mary the 
daughter was married Jan. 14, 1812, to Capt. David Mack. Beulah was 
married Dec. 10, 1811, to Timothy Goodwin, of Symsbury. 

5th Generation. Capt. Ethan Ely, son of Dea. Nathaniel Ely and Abi- 
gail his second wife, was married Jan. 6, 1791. to Hannah Burt, the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Hannah Burt. She died Dec. 24, 1829, age 66. 
Their children — Ethan, born Nov. 24, 1791. Hannah, born Feb. 8, 1793. 
Abigail, born Dec. 20, 1794, died April 2G, 1826. Sarah, born Sept. 8, 
1796. Jonathan, born June 10, 1798, died June 8, 1847. Hannah the 
mother died December 24, 1829. Ethan Ely died May 13, 1848, aged 84 
years. 

Ethan Ely, son of Ethan and Hannah Ely, was married October 13, 
1831, to Ann Coolev, daughter of Seth and Ann Coolev his wife. Ann, 
the wife of Ethan Ely, was born May 14, 1806, died May 26, 1835. 
Ethan Cooley, son of Ethan and Ann Ely, was born May 17, 1835. 

Ethan C. Ely, son of Ethan and Ann Ely his wife, was married Sept. 



1881.] Longmeadow Families. 239 

1, 1857, to Charity Bush, daughter of Levi Bush, of West field, born Aug. 

14, 1836. Their children— Mason Warren, born Sept, 26, 1858. Ethan 
Cooley, born Oct. 3, 1861, died Aug. 6, 1862. [ Vacant to page 128.] 

Hervy Ellis, son of Lieut. "Ellis, formerly of Stafford but last of 

Monson, was married Jan. 8, 1802. to Jerusha Spencer, daughter of Israel 
and Ruth Spencer (see page 195). Their children — Hervy, born Aug. 4, 
1802. Jerusha, bom Aug. 4, 1805. Jerusha Ellis died Oct. 5, 1834, age 
55. Hervy the father died Nov. 3, 1810. 

Edmund Evarts, of Longmeadow, son of Benjamin and Abigail Evarts, 
of Gilford, Conn., was born Aug. 22, 1771, was married Oct. 9, 1796, to 
Annis Booth, daughter of Joseph and Mary Booth, of Enfield. Their 
children — Mary, born Nov. 4, 1799. died Feb. 17, 1875. Nancy, born 
July 31, 1801, died April 4, 1825. Joseph, born June 18. 1804, died Nov. 
1, 1874. Nancy was married Dec. 30. 1823, to Jacob Colton, born Sept. 
10, 1799. Edmund Evarts died April 22, 1849, age 77. Annis Evarts 
died Jan. 1847, age 80. 

[Page 129.] Thomas Field, son of Samuel and Sarah Field, of Hatfield, 
was married Oct. 21, 1713, to Abigail Dickinson, of Springfield, daughter 
of Hezekiah and Abigail B. Dickinson, born Dec. 8, 1692, died June 20, 
1775, aged 83. Their children — Abigail, born Oct. 5. 1714, died Aug. 8, 
1777, age 63 years. Samuel, born May 10. 1718, died Aug. 10. 1721. 
Moses, born Feb. 16, 1722, died March 7, 1815. Samuel, born Oct. 10, 
1725. Sarah, born Nov. 28, 1728, died April 19, 1773. Simeon, born 
April 25, 1731, died Jan. 7, 1801. Thomas Field the father at first set- 
tled in Hatfield, where his children were born, except Simeon, who was 
born in Longmeadow. He died Feb. 1. 1747. a^e 66 years. Abigail was 
married Nov. 14, 1751, to Abiel Abbot, of Windsor, and died without 
issue in Longmeadow. Samuel was educated at Yale College, graduated 
1745, and settled in Seabrook, Ct., in the practice of physicks. Simeon 
settled at Enfield in the practice of physick. 

Capt. Moses Field, son of Thomas and Abigail Field, was married Sept. 

15, 1748, to Rebecca Cooley, the daughter of Jonathan and Johanna 
Cooley. Their children — Rebecca, born Nov. 29, 1748, died December 
26, 1836. Elijah, born December 23, 1750, died December 31, 1767. 
Oliver, born Nov. 15, 1752. died Jan. 15, 1801. Moses, born Feb. 9, 1755, 
died Jan. 14, 1831. Diademia. born Oct. 9, 1756. Aaron, born June 24, 
1759, died Aug. 30, 1760. Aaron, born June 24, 1761. Alexander, born 
Feb. 5, 1764, died June 8,1831. Sarah, born Feb. 24, 1766, died July 
12, 1777. Naomy, born May 22, died July 31. 1777. Rebecca was mar- 
ried to Azariah Woolwort.li. Nov. 25, 1773. Oliver was married to Ann 
Cooley, daughter of Caleb and Mary Cooley, Nov. 4, 1773. Moses mar- 
ried Lydia Champion, daughter of Dr. Reuben Champion and Lydia his 
wife, of West Springfield, Nov. 23, 1780. Diademia married Stephen 
Williams, March 4, 1788 ; he leaving her, she married again to Jacob 
Kibbe, of Monson, June 25, 1793, and died in that town. Aaron studied 
physic, married Flavia Burt, daughter of Capt. David Burt, Feb. 10, 1784. 
They settled at Richmond, and had one child Sophia, born Dec. 24, 1784. 
He went to the southern states and died. She died at Longmeadow. 
Alexander married Flavia Colton, daughter of Samuel and Lucy Colton, 
Oct. 11, 1787. Rebecca the mother died Feb. 24, 1783. Capt. Moses 
Field married again, Nov. 1, 1783, to Lydia Champion, widow of Dr. Reu- 
ben Champion, of West Springfield, and she died May 1, 1809. He died 
March 7, 1815. Alexander died July 8, 1831. 

[To be continued] 



240 The Harrison Family. [July, 



THE HARRISON FAMILY. ^ 

JOHN A. MCALLISTER, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa., has sent 'j 

us a copy of Poulsons American Daily Advertiser, Phila- j 

delphia, September 26, 1822, containing the article which we copy 
below. Sabine, in his " Loyalists of the American Revolution," • 

I. 520, gives this account of Joseph Harrison, the father of Miss 
Harrison, of Hull, England: 

" Harrison, Joseph. Collector of the Customs at Boston in < 

1768, and after the seizure of Hancock's sloop in that year, was 
roughly treated by the mob, and pelted with stones. The windows 
of his house, which was adjacent to the Common, were also broken, 
and a laro-e pleasure-boat belono,in<r to him was dragged through 

oi or^ CO ^ 

the streets and burned near his residence, amidst loud shouts and 
huzzas. Peter Harrison was Collector of the port of New Haven, 
Connecticut, and died before June, 1775. The subject of this no- i 

tice was in England, in 1777, with his wife and daughter." 

York Assizes, July 30. — Before Lord Chief Justice Abbott. * 

Doe, Dem. Thomas, v. Acldam. 

This was a case of tedious pedigree, to prove, that an American lady, 
Mrs. Thomas, was heiress-at-law to Miss Harrison, who died at Hull, in 
1818, and left considerable property, without any testamentary disposition. 
Mr. Sergeant Hullock stated the case, which he afterwards proved. Joseph 
Harrison had gone from York to America, and been comptroller of the cus- 
toms at Boston in 1775. Peter Harrison, his youngest brother, followed 
him to America, where he died, leaving four children, who all died without 
issue, except Elizabeth, who married 3Ir. James Ludlow, of which mar- 
riage Mrs. Thomas was the only surviving child. Miss Harrison, whose 
property was now in question, had been the daughter of Joseph Harrison, 
and none of the family or their descendants being now alive but Mrs. Tho- j 

mas, she was clearly heiress-at-law. • » 

Captain Acklam, Colonel Le Blanc, T. TV. Ludlow, Counsellor at Law 
of New York, Miss Brentham, daughter of Admiral Brentham, were 
examined. 

Mr. Sergeant Hullock then handed a miniature picture of Mary Fran- 
ces Ludlow (Mrs. Thomas) when a child, which had been in the possession 
of Miss Harrison, observing, " 3Iy Lord, 1 put in the lady herself." 

The barristers looked very curiously at this picture. 

The Lord Chief Justice said, " The lady is married, gentlemen." ' 

Mr. Scarlett admitted that the only point on which he could found an 
objection was the lady's being an alien. 

The Lord Chief Justice directed the jury to find a verdict for the plain- 
tiff, subject to the opinion of the Court as to the aliency. It was surprising 
to find a case so clearly made out at such a distance of time and place. 



1881.] JRev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 241 



THE REV. JOHN ELIOT'S RECORD OF CHURCH MEMBERS, 

ROXBURY, MASS. 

Transcribed by "William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
[Continued from page 24.] 

m ris inary Dumer, the wife of m r Richard Dumer: she was a Godly wo- 
man but by the seduction of some of her acquaintans, she was led away 
into the new opinions in m ni Hutchiusons time, & her husband removing 
to iSubery, she there openly declared herselfe, & did also (together w th 
othe" indeavour) seduce her husband, & p'swaded him to returne to Boston ; 
where she being young w th child, & ill ; m r Clark (one of the same opin- 
ions) vnskillfullv gave her a vomit. w ch did in such maher torture & tor- 
ment her, w^ the riseing of the moth 1- & other vvolences of nature v : she 
dyed in a most vncomfortable mauer: But we beleive God tooke her awar 
in mercy, fro worse evil, w ch she was falling vnto. & we doubt not but she 
is gone to heaven.* 

[Elizabeth ?] Talmage the wife of willia Talmage. she was a g[r]ave 
matron a Godlv woman, & after her husband was removed to Line after a 
few years she dyed <k left a gracious savor behind her. 

Ann Shelly a maide servant she came to the Land in the yeare 1632. & 
was married to [Richard] Foxallf a godly broth 1- of the church of Sit- 
tuate. 

Rebeckah Short a maide servant she came in the yeare 1632. & was mar- 
ried to [Walter] Palmer! a godly man of charlestowne church. 

Judith Buiibv the wife of Richard Bu^bie.S 

Florenc Carman the wife of John Carman, jj 

Mary Blott a maide servant, she came in the yeare. 1632. & was after 
married to steward woodford*[ of tuis church, who after removed to Conec- 
ticott to Hartford church, where she lived in christian sort. 

William Hills, a man servant, he came over in the yeare. 1632. he mar- 
ried Fhillice Lyman the daughter of Richard Iiman, he removed to Hart- 
ford on conecticott, where he lived severall yeares, w th out giving such good 
satisfaction to the conscieces of the saints. 

Marv Gamlin a maide servant, daughter of Rob: Gamlin ' the Eld r . she 
came with her fath r in the yeare 1632. she was a very gracious maiden ; she 
dyed in m r Pinchons family of the small pox. in the yeare 1633. 

Robert Gamlin junio r he arrived at N.E. the 20 th of the o d month, he 




t Richard Foxwell, one of the founders of the first church in Scituate, Mass., with the 
Rev. John Lothrop, Jan. 8, 1634. Register, ix. 279. 

t He was probably a younger brother of Abraham, of Charle-town, an abstract of whose 




Island, ii. 4. 
H Thomas Woodford. See Registek, present volume, page 23: 

VOL. XXXV. 21* 



242 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [July, 

brought only one child, w ch was the sone of his wife by a former husband, 
his name is John mayo, he was but a child. 

Elizabeth his first borne, was borne about the 2-i th of the 4 1 month: ano 
dni: 1634. 

Joseph borne the 16 th of the 10 th month afio. 1636. 

Benjamin borne the "20 :h of the 6' month: 1639. 

Elizabeth Gamlin the wife of Robert Gamlin junio r . 

Phillis Lvman the daughter of Richard Lyman, she came to the Land 
w th her fath r ano 1631. God wrought vpon her heart in this Land, she 
grew deafe ; w ch disease increasing was a great affliction to her, she was 
married to willia Hills & liyed with him at Hartford on Conecticot. 

John Moody.* he came to the Land in the yeare 1633: he had no child- 
ren he had 2 men servants, y t were vngodly, especially one of them ; who 
in his passion would wish himselfe in hell: & yse desperate words, yet had 
a good measure of knowledg, these 2 servats would goe to the oister bank 
in a boate, & did, against the counsell of theire governo r where they lay all 
night ; & in the morning early when the tide was out, they gathelng oysters, 
did vnskillfully leave theire boate afioate In the verges of the chauell, & 
quickly the tide caryed it away so far into the chaiiell y l they could not 
come neare it, w ch made them cry out & hollow, but being very early & 
remote were not heard, till the water had risen very high vpon them to the 
armehols as its thought, & then a man fro Rockbrough meeting house hill 
heard them cry & call, t?c he cryed & ran w th all speed, & seing theire boate 
swam to it & hasted to them, but they were both so drowned before any 
help could possibly come, a dreadfull example of Gods displeasure against 
obstinate servats. 

Sarah Moody, the wife of John Moody. 

John Walkerf 

Elizabeth Hinds a maid servant, she came in the yeare 1633. she had 
some weaknesses, but upon the churches admonition repented, she was 
afterwards married to Alexander of Boston wheth r She was dismissed. 

Elizabeth Ballard, a maide servant she came in the yeare 1633. & was 
soone after her comeing joyned to the church ; she was afterwards married 
to Robert Sever of this church, where she led a godly conversation.^ 

John Porter.§ 

Margret Porter the wife of John Porter. 

William Cornewell|j 

Joane Cornewell, the wife of Willia Cornewell. 

Samuel Basse.1T 

Ann Basse the wife of Samuell Basse. 

Nicholas Parker he came to N. E. in the yeare 1633. about the 7* 
month: he brought two children, Mary, & Nicholas: Johanah his third 
child was borne the first of the 4* month. 1635. 

* Savage says, son of George, of Monlton, co. Suffolk, Eng. John, removed soon to 
Hartford. Sarah, his widow, died at Hadley in 1671. 

f One of the disarmed, 1637; removed to" Rhode Island; an early subscriber to the cov- 
enant of civil government; was at Portsrnoatb, R. I., 1638, had a grant of one hundred 
acres there in 1639. See Bartictt's Records of the Colony of Rhode Island, vol. i. 

J Seaver Family, p. 2. Reg. xxvi. 304. 

$ Another of the disarmed men, who went to Rhode Island, was an Assistant there. 
See R. I. Records. 

|| Removed to Hartford 1639, thence to Middletown about 1651, where he died Feb. 21, 
1678. Hinman's Early Puritan Settlers of Connecticut, 724. 

m Went to Braintree 16 10, died Dec. 30, 1C94, aged 94. His wife died Sept. 5, 1693, aged 
9?. Thayer Family Memorial, 53. 



1881.] JRev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 243 

he removed fro vs to the church of Boston. 

Ann Parker the wife of Nicholas Parker. 

Phillip Sherman, he came into the Land in the year 1633. a single man, 
& after married Sarah Odding, the daughter o the wife of John Porter, by 
a former husband, this man was of a melancholy temp, he lived honestly 
& comfortably among vs severall years, vpon a just calling went for Eng- 
land, & returned aiiaine w th a blessing: But after his fath r in Law John Por- 
ter was so caryed away w th those opinions of familisme, & scizme, he follow- 
ed them and removed w th them to the Hand, he behaved himselfe sinfully 
in those matters (as may appeare in the story) and was cast out of the 
church * 

Margret Huntington widdow ?f she came in the yeare 1633. her hus- 
band dyed by the way of the small pox, she brought children w** 1 her. 

Thomas Pigge$ 

Mary Pigge the wife of Thomas Pigge. 

Samuel Finch§ 

Martha Parke, || the wife of Willia Park. 

John Tatman. 

Thomas WillsonH he arrived in N. E. in the 4 th month ano 1633. he 
brought 3 children Humfry. Samuel. Joshua. 

Deborah borne, in the 6* month. 1634. Lidea borne in the 9* month 163 6. 
he had his house & all his substans consumed w th fire to his great impover- 
ishing, himself being fro home. he was a very weak man, yet was he 
out of affection to the psohs of some, led aside into error, scizme, & very 
proud & contemptuous caryage for w ch he was cast out of the church. 
& he went away w tb m r wheelwright, But the Ld awakened his heart, so y* 
after years he returned & repented, & was reconciled to the church ; 
and recomended to the church of christ at [Exeter] 

Margery. Johnson the wife of John Johnson** 

Ann Wilson the wife of Thomas Wilson. 

Jasper Rawlingsff 

Joane Rawliiigs the wife of Jasper Eawlings. 

Joshua Hues, he came into the Land a single man ; about the l i month 
of the yeare. 1633. & joyned to the church aboute halfe a yeare after, his 
wife being the daughter of [Henry] Gouldstone came the next Sumer & 
aboade at Watertowne, where she was adjoyned to the church ; & in the 

* General Recorder at Providence, R. I., 1648-1650, and one of the Commissioners for 
Portsmouth, 1656. 

f Wife of Simon Huntington. He married, probably, Margaret Baret, of Norwich, or 
its immediate vicinity, in England. Huntington Family, by Rev. E. B. Huntington, p. 59. 
She married afterward Thomas Stoughton, of Dorchester, removed to Windsor. 

% Died Dec. 30, 1643. Will proved Sept. 12, 164V. Reg. iii. 78; viii. 55. His widow 
married Aug. 13, 1645, Michael Metcalf. Ibid. vi. 171. 

6 Died in Roxbury Jan. 27, 1673-4. Roxbury Church Records. 

I) Daughter of John Holgrave, of Salem. 

\ Went to Exeter, signed the combination in 1639. He returned to Roxbury, became 
reconciled to the church, then settled in Exeter. Will made Jan. 9, 1643-4 r being, as he ex- 
presses it, in "my right witts." See Reg. ii. 384, with note. His widow Ann married 
next year John Legat, who with Edward Hilton and two others were witnesses to the will 
of Thomas Wilson. See Wentworth Family Plate facing page 71, vol. i. 

** Mr. Johnson was a man of distinction. He afterwards married Grace, widow of Bar- 
nabas Fawer, of Dorchester. He died Sept. 30, 1659. " John Johnson, Surveyor Generall 
of all y e amies, dyed and was buried y- day following." Roxbury Ch. Pcccords. Will, 
Reg. ix. 224. 

ft Went to Wethersfield, returned and was of Roxbury and Boston ; married Mary, 
widow of Thomas Griggs. Will proved June 13, 1667. See Reg. xvi. 56. 



244 Rev. John Eliot's llecord of Church Members. [July, 

8 th month 1634 he married her: and she was then recomended to our 
church: his first borne son Joshua Hewes was borne the 19 day of the S th 
month. 1639. but dyed the 19 day of the 10 th month 1639. it dyed of con- 
vulsion fitts: 

Isaak Johnson* 

Ralph Hinningway.r a man servant. 

Sarah Odding. she was daughter in law to John Porter. & came w th her 
parents & was after married to Philip Sharman of this church. 

Thomas Hills a man servant, he came in the yeare. 1633. he lived 
amonsf vs in good esteeme & Godlv, Oc dyed about the IP or 12' month. 
1634. and left? a good savor behind him, he was a very faithfull & prudent 
servant, & a good christian, he dyed in nr Eliots family. 

Thomas Hale a single man. he lived but a short time w 111 vs, but he re- 
moved to Hertford on Conecticott, where God blessed him w th a good measure 
of increase of grace, he afterwards returned & maryed Jane. Lord, one of 
o r memb rs aboute the 1'2 V1 month 1689. & the next spring returned to Con- 
ecticotj 

Edward Riggs§ 

Walker the wife of John Walker 
Hues a maid servant. 

John Stow: he arrived at N. E, the 17 th of the 3 rd month a5o. 1 634. he 
brought his wife & 6 children: Thomas. Elizabeth. John. Nathaniel. Sam- 
uel. Thankfull. 

Elizabeth Stow the wife of John Stow, she was a very godly matron, a 
blessing not only to her family, but to all the church, & when she had lead 
a christian convsation a few years among vs, she dyed & left a good savor 
behind her. 

John Cumpton.Jj 

Abraham Newell*[ he came to N. E. in the year 1634. he brought 6 
children Ruth. Grace. Abraham. John. Isaak. Jaakob. 
Freeborne. 

Sarah Burrell the wife of [John] Burrell.** 

Robert Potterff 

Isabell Potter the wife of Robert Potter. 

Elizabeth Howard a maide servant. 

Richard Pepper 

Mary Pepper the wife of Richard Pepper 

William Perkins!! 

* The well-known captain, killed in the Narraganset fight in 1675 ; married Elizabeth 
Porter, Jan. 20, 1636. 

t Married Elizabeth Hewes, July 5, 1634; his will proved July 11, 1678. She died Feb. 
2, 1684, aged 82. 

X Savage says on his return he settled in Norwalk, 16-54 ; not long after removed and 
perhaps closed his days at Charlestown, Mass. According to Wyman (Charlestown Gen. 
and Estates, 454) he married Mary Nash 14 (10; 1659, who was left his widow. 

$ His wife Elizabeth, who cmie with him, died, and he married April 5, 1635, Elizabeth 
Roosa, who died Sept. 2, 1669. 

|| Removed to Boston, was disarmed 1637. Will of Su c annah Cotnpton, " widow of 
the Lornr since Departed John Compt< n," proved 12, 9, 1664. Reg. xiii. 153. 

H Buried, says the (.':... h Record-, June 15, l'o2, aired 91. His widow, Frances, ac- 
cording to the Church Records', died ■hui. 13, 1-j32, " neere lOOy. old." Daughter Grace 
married Sept. 14, 1644, William Toy, of Bo-ton, died April 11, 1712, in the 91st°year of her 
age. 

** Will, Aug. 3, 1654. Reg. vi. 353. 

ft Buried Jan. 17, 1653. See Reg. xxxiii. C2. Roxburv Church Records. 

XX Savage says " he was a minister, but where educated is unheard, son of William, of 
London," &c. 



1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 245 

Robeit Sever* 

[Phebc ?] Disborough, the wife of Walter Disborough.f 

Christopher Peake$ a single man 

Edward Paison§ a man servant. 

Nicholas Baker.|| 

Joseph WeldeH 

Elizabeth Wise, a widdow. 

Thomas Bell.** 

Mr. Tho. Bell and his wife had letters of Dismission granted & sent to 
England an : 165-4. 7 mo . 

Willia. Webb 

Adam Motttf 

Sarah Mott the wife of Ada Mott 

Richard Carder$$ 

m rl8 Anna Vassaile the wiie of Mr. Willia Vassaile.§§ her husband brought 
5 children to this Land, Judith, Francis, John, Margret Mary 

Lauren c Whittamore.lj|| 

John Rubles he came to N. E. in the veare 1635. & soone after his com- 
ing joyned to the church, he was a lively christian, knowne to many of the 
church, in old England, where many of the church injoyed society together: 
he brought his first borne John Ruggles w th him to N. E. & his second son 
was stillborne, in the 11 th month 1636. of w ch his wife dyed. 

Barbara Ruggles the wife of John Ruggles. she was a Godly christian 
woman, & joyned to the church w th her husband, the pow r of the grace of 
christ did much shine in her life & death, she was much afflicted w th the 
stone chollik, in w ch sickuesse she manifested much patieus, & faith ; she dyed 
in childbed, the 11 th mouth, 1636. & left a godly savor behind her. 

Isaak HeathTfT 

John Astwood.*** 

Philip Eliot he dyed about the 22 d of the 8 l month: 57. he was a man 
of peace, & very faithfull, he was many years in the office of a Deakon w ch 
he discharged faithfully, in his latter years he was very lively, usefull & 
active for God, & his cause, the Lord gave him so much acceptance in the 
hearts of the people y* he dyed under many of the offices of trust y* are usu- 
ally put upon men of his rank, for besids his office of a Deakon, he was a 
Deputy to the Gen: Court, he was a comissioner for the govnni 1 of the 

* Registfr, xxvi. 303-323. Scaver Family, published 1872. 

t Report of the Record Commissioners, 1881, containing the Roxbury Land and Church 
Records. 

X Married Dorcas French, Jan. 3, 163*5; he died May 22, 16G6. Will, Reg. xv. 126. 

$ Married Ann Parke, Ana. 20, 1640; 2d Mary Eliot, Jan. 1, 1642; removed to Dor- 
chester. Edward, H. C. 1677, his son by wife Mary. 

|| Hingham, 163.5; fourth minister in Scituate, 16l)0, died Aug. 26, 1678, aged 68. See 
Am. Quar. Reg. viii. 148. 

f Brother of Rev. Thomas; wife Elizabeth, 2d Barbara Clap. Will, Reg. vii. 33. His 
widow married Anthony Stoddard. 

** Gave estate to the Grammar School. See inventory, proved July 4, 1655, by Ann Bell, 
his widow. Reg. xv. 40. 

ft Went to Hingham. Savage says he was from Cambridge, England; wis in Ports- 
mouth, R. I., as early as 1638. 

X* Disfranchised; one of the grantees with Robert Potter and others, of the town of 
Warwick, R. 1. 

5$ One of the As-i?tants of the Governor and Company, Mass. Bay. 

(Ill Wife Elizabeth. Savage says of Sanstead Abbey, co". Herts; gave estate to free school. 
Roxbury Church Records, day 18, mo. 9, 1641, buried "Laurence Whittarnore, an an- 
cient christian of 80 years of age." His wife died mo. 12, day 13, 1642. 

mm Ruling Elder.' Wife Elizabeth ; he died Jan. 21, 1660. Will, Reo. x. 261. 

*** Representative and Assistant of the Colony ; died in London. 



246 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [July, 

Towne, he was one of the 5 men to order the prudential affairs of the 
towne ; and he was chosen to be Feofee of the publike Schoole in Rox- 
bury. 

Elizabeth Bowis 

Martha Astwood the wife of John Astwood. 

Jasper Gun.* 

Thomas Bircharde 

John Cheny he came into the Land in the yeare 1635. he brought 4 
children, Mary, Martha, John. Daniel. Sarah his 5 l child was borne in the 
last month of the same yeare 1635, cald February, he removed from o r 
church to Newbery the end of the next siier. 1636. 

Martha Chenv the wife of John Chenv: 

Mary Norrice a maide. She came into the Land, she was daughter to i 

M r Edward Norrice,f who came into the land. and was called & or- 

dained to be Teacher to the church at Sale 111 where he served the Lord 
christ. 

Henry Bull a man servant he came to the Land [1635] he lived honest- 
ly for a good season, but on the 1 suddaine (being weake and affectionate) i 
he was taken & transported w th the opinions of familisme, & running in 
that scizme he fell into many, & grosse sins of lying &c (as may be seene in 
the story), for w ch he was excomuuicate, after w ch he removed to the Iland.t 

Mr. Thomas Jenner.§ 

Bell the wife of Thomas Bell. 

James How|| 

{[Elizabeth] How the wife of Jams How. 

[Mary] Birchard, the wife of Thomas Birchard. 

John Graves^! he arrived in the 3 d month. 1633. he brought 5 children 
John. Samuel. Jonathan. Sarah. Mary, his wife quickly dyed, & he maryed 
Judith,** a maid servantt, by whom his first child Haiiah was borne about 
the end of the 7 th month. 1636. 

M r John Gore.ft 

Mary Swaine a maide servant, her father lived at watertowne, & did re- 
move w tt them to Conecticott ; wheth r we recomended her & she after did 
marrie to one at Newhaven, & she was dismissed to y l church: 

Jane Lorde a maide servant, she came over in the yeare she lived a 

Godly life among vs ; & in the year 1610 she was married to Thomas 

* Removed to Hartford, sometime a physician, aftcnvard at Milford. Savage. 

f March 18, 1640, he was ordained at Salem as colleague with Hush Peters. In 1636 he 
published in London a treatise in which he combats the errors of " Traskisine," so called, 
as held by Rev. John Traske, who in a reply the same year vindicates " The Trve Gospel " 
" from the Reproach of a New Gospel." From this book we learn that Mr. Norris's con- 
gregation embarked for New England previous to the date of publication (1633), and that 
he intended to accompany them, but did not do so. He followed them; but this was not 
till after 1638, as he published a book at London that year, being a rejoinder to Rev. Mr. 
Traske. 

1 Governor of the Colony 1685 and 9; died Jan. 9, 1693-4; wife Elizabeth. 

$ Minister awhile in Weymouth and in Saco. Letter of Eliot, 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. iv. 141. 
Winthrop, i. 2.50. 

|| Wife Elizabeth, only daughter of John Dane, Ipswich. Reg. viii. 148. " May 19 th 
[1702] Mr. James How, a good Man of Ipswich, 104 years old, is buried." Sewall's i)iary, 
Mass. Hist. Coll. 5th series, vi. 56. Mr. How's age, however, was only about 97, as in a 
deposition in 1C66, he gave his aire as being then 61. 

% Will, Nov. 1, 1614. Reg. iii. 265. 

** " Judith Allward, in December, 1635," so the Town Records read. This name may have 
been Eallard, and Judith possibly a sister to Elizabeth, who married Robert Seaver, see p. 
242 of this article, and Register, xxvi. 304. 

ft Wife Rhoda. Will, Reg. viii. 282 ; xxxi. 104. 



1881.] liev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 247 

Hale, one of this church, who removed to Hartford on Conecticott, where 
they lived well approved of the saints. 

Giles. Paison, a single man. he married o r sister Elizabeth Dowell. 

Edward Porter he came in the yeare. 1G3G. he brought two children w th 
him: John about 3 years ould & Willia aboute a year ould: his 3 d child 
Elizabeth was borne in o r church in the 10 th month of the yeare 1637 his 
4 th child Hanah was borne in the 9 th month, of 6 year 1630. 

Elizabeth Eliot the wife of Phillip Eliot. 

[Frances] Newell the wife of Abraham Newell 

Elizabeth Dowell a maide servant, she was maried to o r bro. Giles 
Paison 

Phillis Pepper a maide servant. 

Robert Williams* 

Judith Weld the second wife of m r Thomas Weld 

Samuel Hagbournef 

Elizabeth Williams the wife of Robert Williams 

Katteren Hagbourne, the wife of Samuel Hagbourne. 

Abraham How. 

How, the wife of Abraham How. * 

Arthur Geary.l 

Geary the wife of Arthur Gearv 

Thomas Ruggles§ he came to N. E. in the yeare 1637. he was eld r 
broth 1 " to John Knggles ; children of a Godly fath r ; he joyned to the 
Church soone after his coming being as well knowne as his broth r his first 
born soiie. dyed in England his second son John was brought over a servant 
by Phillip Eliot: & he brought two oth r children w th him: Sarah. & Sain- 
uell : he had a great sicknesse the yeare after his coming, but the Lord 
recoverd him in mercy. 

Mary the wife of Thomas Rugbies, she ioyned to the Church w £h her 
husband & approved her selfe a Godly christian, by a holy, & blamelesse 
conv'ation being conv'ted, not lon£ before theire coming from England. 

Edward Bridges. 

[Elizabeth] Johnson the wife of Isaak Johnson. 

Christian Spisor a maide servant. 

M ris Rhoda Gore the Wife of M r John Gore 

Rachel write a maide servant, she was married to o T broth 1- John Lea- 
vins|| 

Johana Bovse a maide 

Thomas Mihillf 

Mihill the wife of mihill 

Mathew Boyse** 

Boyse the wife of Boyse. 

[To be continued.] / 



* From Norwich, co. Norfolk, England, it is said, with -wife Elizabeth, and married after 
wards Margaret, widow of John Fearing, of Hingham. 

f Will, Reg. ii. 261 ; his widow, according to Savage, married April 14, 1644, Gov. Tho- 
mas Dudley, afterward, in 1663, Rev. John Allin, of Dedham. 

J Will, Reg. xv. 218. Proved Jan. 30, 1C6G. 

$ Will, Reg. iii. 20.3; widow, married Sir. Roote. 

|| John Levins and Rachel Wright were married July 5, 1639.— Roxhury Records. 

U He was the father of the Rev. Thomas Mighill, H."C. 1663, minister of Scituate, Mass. 

** He was afterwards of Rowley, but as early as 1657 returned to England. He was 
the father of the Rev. Joseph Boyse, of Dublin, an author of some repute, who was born 
in Leeds, England, Jan. 14, lGo'J^CO, and died in Duhlin, Ireland, Nov. 1728.— See Regis- 
ter, xii. 6.0-7. 



/ 



/ 



248 Letters Patent of Denization. [July, 



LETTERS PATENT OF DENIZATION, 

Recorded Lib. 14, Fol. 212, in the Scffolk Registry of Deeds 

Boston.* 

Communicated by John T. Hassah, A.M., of Boston. 

JACOBUS Secundus Dei Gratia Ang^. Scotice franciae et Hyberniaj 
Rex fidei Defensor xc*. Omnibus ad qvos Presentes Literac Nostras Per- 
venerint Salutem Sciatis qvod nos pro Diversis Bonis causis et consideration- 
ib". nos ad Presentes specialiter uioventibus de gratia Nostra Speciali et ex 
certa Scientia et Mero Motu Nostris concessimus ac per Presentes pro nobis 
H?eredibus et Successoribus nostris concedimus Dilectis Nobis Petro Alix 
Clerico Margaretas Uxori ejus Johanni Petro et Jacobo Liberis Suis Phy- 
lippo Arbunnot Johanni Arbandy Jacobo Asselme Clerico Jona3 Arnaud 
Susanna? Uxori ejus Eleazaro Abrahamo Jonae et Janse Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Anry Ludovico Allaire Maria? Aubertin Marice Anna3 Aubertin Isaaco 
Abrahamo Petro Assaily Carolo Ardessoif Janas Uxori ejus Petro Johan- 
ni et Janre Liberis Suis Johanni Barberice Petro et Johanni Petro Liberis 
ejus Jacobo Bailergean Paulo Boyd Oseao Belin Osea? filio ejus Jacobo 
Breon Annaa Bureau Elizabethae et Marias Anna? Liberis ejus Thomas 
Bureau Annre Uxori ejus Gabrieli et Petro Boulano;ier Geor£rio Boyd 
Aaman Bonum Petro Billon Nicolao Bournett Jacobo Augusto Blonrlel 
Maria? Bibal Samueli Bonsac francisco Brincuman Johanni Bernard Petro 
Bernardan Johanni Bruginner Jacobo Bruginner Isaaco Bonmett Samueli- 
Jacobo et Benigno Liberis ejus ffriderico Blancart Henrico Bustin Mat- 
thaeo Bustin Josepho Bailhon Esterce Bernon Gabrieli Maria? Estera? et 

* In the Register for April, 1878 (xxxii. 181), the writer began what was intended to 
be a series of abstracts of early Suffolk deeds. The effort which was shortly afterward 
made to induce the County Commissioners to print in full the earlier records, thefir.-t result 
of which is the recently printed " Suffolk Deeds, Lib. I.," rendered these abstracts un- 
necessary, and their publication was discontinued. These " Letters Patent of Denization," 
however, recorded Lib. 14, fol. 212, affect so many families and are so interesting to the 
genealogist, that it has been thought best to print them here entire. 

It was not untii this article was all in type that the writer had, for the first time, an op- 
portunity of consulting Agneic's French Protestant Exiles, London, 1871 (1.46). The 
author of that book introduces lists of these and other Huguenot refugees as follows: 
•• Numerous lists of the reigns of Charles II., James II.. William and Mary, and William 
III., I now present to my readers, copied by myself from the Patent Rolls. As to the 
learned reader's opinion of my accuracy as a copyist, I rely on such a reader's indulgent 
consideration of the difficulty of spelling out the names. The letters i, m. n. and u, sepa- 
rately and combined, and also the letters c and t, may have been sometimes blundered, the 
old style of penmanship not sufficiently distinguishing them. The documents are in Latin, 
the Christian names have usually the termination of the dative case: Jacobo seems to 
stand for Jacob and James, so that the translation of it is usually conjectural." He adds 
in a foot-note, "The Camden Society Li-ts are printed from copies belonging to the late 
Mr. Peter Levesque. I have thought it would be a good service to take copies afresh from 
the Patent Rolls. With regard to the lists belonging to the reigns of Charles II. and 
James II., I have had the advantage of the Camden Society volume for comparison and 
correction. Where I differ from the learned editor as to the spelling of names, I am of 
opinion that my spelling is correct, not necessarily as to orthography, but as a literal copy 
of what the government scribe wrote." 

The writer of this article has preserved with equal care the exact spelling of these 
names as they appear in the Suffolk records, and the discrepancies — large in number even 
when we consider the unsettled orthography of the time in which they were written — which 
the reader will discover in the printed lists, are due to differences in the MS. records from 
which they were taken. Cf. the Camden Society volume entitled " Lists of Foreign Pro' 
testants and Aliens resident in England, 1618-1688," edited by William Durrant Cooper, 
F.S.A., London, 1862, p. 48. 



1881.] Letters Patent of Denization. 219 

Jacobo Liberis ejus Jacobo Barbot Petro Bourdett Jolianni Bourdett Ste- 
phano Barachin Ludovico Barachin Isaaco Beaulieu Samueli Bruffeau Jo- 
hanni Beaufils Davidi Beausauqvet Theophilo Bellonger Eliza?o Badnett 
Georgio Bassment Clerico Maria? Uxori ejus Petro Boytoult Cathariiue Ux- 
ori ejus Cathariiue et Magdalena? liberis ejus Abrahamo Binett Magdalena? 
Uxori ejus Juditha? filia? ejus Jolianni Petro Boy [ ] Jolianni Boyde- 

cbesne Abrahamo Christiern Marian Uxori ei us Martha? et Magdalena? Libe- 
ris Suis Petro Christiern Bernardo Condert Bernardo Benjamino et Jana? Li- 
beris ejus Davidi Charles Isaaco Converse Aniue Uxori ejus Jolianni Coloni 
Anna? Uxori ejus Antonio Jolianni Martha? et Maria? Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Collivaux Jana? Uxori ejus Charlotta? filice Sine Arnaud Cazanbieth Jana? 
Uxori ejus Danieli Chevalier Susanna? Uxori ejus Danieli et Jacobo Liberis 
suis Johanni Baptists? Chovard Petro Chasqveau Samueli Cooke Thoma? 
Chauvin Charlotta? Uxori ejus Thoma? francisco et Catharina? Liberis Suis Jo- 
hanni Coutris Jacobo Crochon Petro Sara? et Ilestera? Chefd'hotell Petro 
Caron Petro Chafelon Paulo Charron Anna? Uxori ejus Marqvis Carmelo 
Georgio Chabott Paulo de Brissac Samueli de la Coulere Maria? Uxori ejus 
Juditha? et Margarita? iiliabus suis Jana? de Carjennes Petro et Jana? Libem 
ejus Danieli en Condray Magdalena? Uxori ejus Danieli filio Suo Paulo de 
Pont Gabrieli de Pont Jolianni de Diora? Abrahamo et Danieli de Doav r a? 
Isaaco de Dognel Racheli Uxori ejus Carolo et Isaaco liberis ejus Josia? Du- 
vail Petro Davau francisco Desa? Maria? Uxori ejus Raymundo et Petro Libe- 
ris suis Johanni Mendez da Casta Johanni de la Hay Jolianni Thoma? Carolo 
Mosi Adriano et Petro liberis ejus Johanni Doublet Martha? Uxori ejus Davidi 
Jacobo et Marin? Liberis Suis Petro Daude Isaaco Delamer Johanni De- 
conning Catharina? et Martha: filiabus suis Isaaco et Maria? de Mountmayor 
Johanni de la Place Lovise Uxori ejus Johanni de Beaulieu Jacobo de 
Bors et Maria? Uxori ejus Jacobo Gideon de Siqve Ville Clerico Henrico 
le gay de Bussy Phylippo de la Loe Clerico Abrahamo Bueno . Henriqvez 
Abrahamo Duplex Susanna? Uxori ejus Jacobo Gideoni Georgio et Susan- 
na? liberis Suis Petro Grede francisco francia Maria? de la fuge Catharina? 
Elizabetha? Magdalena? Maria? Margarita? et Anna? liberis ejus Mosi de 
Pommara Magdalena? Uxori ejus Mosi et Susanna? Liberis suis Johanni 
Dreilliet Johanni de Cazaliz Petro Dumas Abrahamo Dugard et Eliza- 
betha? Uxori ejus Gerhardo de AVvck Samueli del Maige Solomoni Evine 
Dyonisio tfelles Johanni ffenmull Andrea? ffanema Arnaud ffrances Anna? 
Uxori ejus et Arnaud filio suo Bene ffleury Petro fEountaine Clerico Su- 
sanna? Uxori ejus Jacobo Ludovico Benigno Anna? Susanna? et Estera? 
liberis suis Johanni ffargeon Isaaco ffarcy Petro fiieurisson Johanni ffallett 
Andrea? et Jolianni ffraigneau Danieli fileureau ffrancisco Guerin Magdal- 
ena? Uxori ejus ffrancisco et Anna? Liberis Suis Nicolao Guerin Ludovico 
Gallev Paulo Granstell Clerico Samueli Georges Eleazaro Grunard Hen- 
rico Guichenet Ludovico Galland Racheli Uxori ejus Josepho Guicheret 
Claudio Groteste Clerico Jacobo Garon Isaaco Gariner Gulielmo Guillen 
Danieli Gorsin Johanni Gurzelier Andrea? Gurzelier Petro Goisard Jacobo 
Martell Goulard Gulielmo Gonv Johanni Gravelot Catharina? Uxori ejus 
Matheo Gelien Isaaco Hamou Johanni Ilarache Johanni Hobert Eliza- 
betha? Uxori ejus Johanni Samueli Elizabetha? et Maria? Liberis Suis Ma- 
ria? et Susanna: Flardovin Mosi Hervien Estera? Uxori ejus Johanni et 
Marthae Liberis Suis Antonio Ilulih Antonio Julien Jana? Uxori ejus 
Anna? Susanna? Maria? et Estera? liliabus suis Henrico Jourdin Ludovico 
Igon Estera? Uxori ej\ Estera? et Maria? liberis suis Charlott Justell An- 
drea? Jansen Antonio Juliot Antonio et Abrahamo liberis ejus Jacobo Jous- 
vol. xxxv. 22 



250 Letters Patent of Denization. [April, 

sett Maria? Joly Johanni Laura? Antonio Chevreux Siruoni Petro et Marise 
Laurent Jacobo le hond Jacobo Lovis Abrabamo tilio ejus Esaye le Bour- 
geois Henrico le Conte Jobanni et Roberto le Plaistrier Helena? le frank 
de marieres Jobanni loinbard Clerico francisca? Uxori ejus Danieli et Phy- 
lippo liberis suis Danieli le febvre Adriano Lernoult Petro le Sas Jobanni le 
Plaistrier Charlotta? Uxori ejus Abrabamo et Jana? Liberis Suis francisco 
le Cam Clerico Gabrieli le Byteux Benjamino L Homme dieu Samueli le 
Goudu Anna? Uxori ejus Magdalena? filia? Sua? francisco le Sombre Michaeli 
le Goudu Anna? Uxori ejus Tbomie Matthseo et Jobanni Liberis suis Jacco- 
bo Barub Conrada Jobanni Longlache Marise Uxori ejus Maria? et Martha} 
filiabus Suis Jobanni Petro la Serie fferdinando Mendez Samueli Metayer 
Clerico Phylippo Martiueo Susanna? Metayer Samueli Ludovico Marise 
Anna- et Racheli Liberis ejus Jobanni Marin Clerico Elizabetba? Uxori ejus 
Martha? et Susanna? Liberis suis Petro Morean francisca? Uxori ejus Samu- 
eli Elizabetba? Maria? Anna? et" Maria? Liberis suis Carolo Moreau 
Maria? Anna? Uxori ejus Danieli et Henrietta? Liberis suis Jona? Mar- 
cbais Juditba? Uxori ejus et Isaaco filio Suo Ambrosio et Isaaco Minett 
Nicolao Montelz Magdalena? Uxori Petro Marion Solomoni Monnereau 
Juditba? et francisco Morett Petro Montelz Michaeli Marcy Micbaeli 
Jobanni Petro et Isabella? liberis suis Stepbano Mignau Isaaco Martin Pe- 
tro et Marise Moreau tirancisco Masmall Danieli Mussard Petro Montbal- 
lier de la Salle Danieli Mogrin Margareta? Uxori ejus Roberto Myre Jaco- 
bo Manpetit Susanna? Uxori ej 5 . Maria? Mannett Petro Mercier Susanna? 
Uxori ejus Petro Jacobo Susanna? et Anna? liberis suis lovise March et 
Jobanni filio ejus Abrabamo Barub Henriqvez Jobanni Nolleau Eleazaro 
Nezerau Juditba? L^xori ejus Est era? Juditha? et Helena? filiabus suis Johan- 
ni Pages Solomoni Paiges Clerico Samueli Payen Petro Phelippaux Jo- 
hanni Papin iTrancisco Papin Aroni Pereira Petro Pain Margareta? Uxori 
ejus Davidi Papin Anna? Uxori ejus Davidi et Susanna? Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Pelisson Adriano Perreau Simoni Pausin Johanni Pron Petro Pratt Abra- 
hamo Page Gulielmo Portaile Margareta? Uxori ejus Gulielmo ffrancisco 
Ilectori Maria? et Gabrieli Liberis Suis Jacobo Pinneau Jacobo Paisable 
Danieli Paillett Mosi Palot Martha? Uxori ejus Stepbano Peloqvin Al- 
phonso Rodriguez Johanni La Roche Johanni et Petro Reme Jacobo 
Roussell Petro Esprit Radisson Stepbano Rivonleau Petro Roy Susanna? 
Uxori ejus Eleazaro Jobanni Danieli et Susanna? liberis suis Gabrieli Ra- 
mondon Paulo Rapillard Adamo Rounne Annie Uxori ejus Adamo Jacobo 
et Petro liberis suis Ludovico Rame Raymundo Rey Abrabamo Renaud 
Antonio Rousseau Elizabetba? francisco et Onuphrise liberis ejus francisco 
Robert Samueli Sasportas Petro Sanseau Petro Sigum Petro tilio ejus Ca- 
rolo Senegal Stepbano Sevrin Matthseo Simon Racheli Uxori ejus Mat- 
tha?o lilio suo Alexand r o Siegler francisco Sanzeau francisca? Uxori ejus 
Abrabamo Danieli Petro et Jacobo Liberis suis Jobanni Saulnier Mattlneo 
Savary Stepbano Savary Luca? et Matthseo liberis ejus Josua? Sonlart 
Elizabetba? Uxori ejus Paulo Senal Marise Tonschard Davidi Thibault Mar- 
gareta? Teniae francisco et Annie Liberis ejus Jobanni Thierry Petro Thau- 
vill Abrabamo Tourtelot Jacobo Mo>i et Johanni Liberis ejus Jobanni 
Thomas Aroni Testas Clerico Petro Tousant Petro Vailable francisco Urisr- 
ueau et Jana? Uxori ejus Marco Vernons Clerico Antonio vareilles Johanni 
van Lenterau Gabrieli Verignii francisco Van Rignaud Davidi Yillianne 
Maria? Yvonett Johanni Sansom et Maria? liberis ejus Mariie Lerpunere 
Jacobo Mongin Nicolao Hende ffrancisco de Beaulieu Susanna* de Beau- 
lieu Henrico et Henrietta: liberis ejus in Partibus Transmariuis natis q d . 



1881'.] Letters Patent of Denization. 251 

ipsi Sint et Erint et eoruni qvislibet sit et erit Iudigena et Ligeus Xostrus 
et IIa?redum et Successorutn Nostrorum Regum Anglian ac qvod Hreredes 
Sui et eorum Cujuslibet Respective sint et erint Ligei Nostri Ila-redum et 
Successor) Xostrorum ac qvod tarn ipsi qvam Ha?redes sui in Omnibus Tra- 
jectinis Reputentur habeantur ac giibernentur tanqvarn lideles Ligei Nostri 
infra Predictum Regnum Nostrum Anglice Oriundi et qvod ipsi et eorum 
qvislibet Respective et ILeredes Sui omnes ac omnimod) ac Actiones Sectas 
et Qvserelas cujuscunqve sint Generis naturae sive Speciei in qvibuscunqve 
locis curiis ac jurisdictionibus Xostris in Regno Nostra Anglian ac alibi in- 
fra Dominia Nostra habere Exercere Eisqve Uti et Gaudere et in iisdem 
Placitare et Implacitari Respondere et Responderi Defeudere ac defendi 
Possint et Valeant Possit et Valeat in Omnibus ac per Omnia sicut aliqvis 
Ligeus Nostrus aut Aliqvi fideles Subditi Nostri in dicto Regno Nostro 
Anglia? Nati sive Oriundi et Insuper qvod Separales Persona? Pranlicta? et 
eorum qvislibet et Ha? redes sui Respective Terras Tenementa Redditus Re- 
versiones et Servitia et Alia Haereditameuta Qvocunqve infra Dictum Reg- 
num Nostrum Augliae et Alia Dominia perqvisere Recipere capere habere 
Tenere Emere et Possidere ac eis Uti et Gaudere sibi et Ha?redibus Suis 
Respective in Perpetuum vel alio qvocunqve modo eaqve Dare Yendere 
Alienare et Legare cuicunqve Personae sive Qvibuscunqve Personis sibi 
Placuerint vel Placuerit ad Libitum Suum Valeant et Possint Valeat et Pos- 
sit licite et impune ac adeo libere Qviete integre ac Pacifice Sicut aliqvi lide- 
les Ligei Nostri infra Regnum Nostrum Anglife Oriundi ac qvod ipsi et 
Lloiredes Sui Respective libere et licite Clamare Retinere et Gaudere Possint 
et Valeant Maneria Terras Tenementa Redditus et Horedimenta Qvocun- 
qve sibimet ipsis vel eorum qvolibet per nos aut per aliqvas Persouas qvas- 
cunq aut per aliqvam Personam qvamcunqve antehac Datas concessas sive 
assisnatas aut in posterum dandas concedendas sive assi^nandas adeo libere 
qviete integre et pacifice sicut aliqvis fidelis Liegeus Noster infra Dictum 
Regnum Nostrum anglio Oriuudus ac qvod Personam Praedictas ac qvod 
Hajredes sui Respective Omnes et omuimodas Libertates franchisas et 
Privilejria Re^ni Nostri Anidia? e' alior^ Dominiorum Nostrorum libere 
qviete et Pacifice habere et Possidere eisqve Uti et Gaudere Possint et 
Valeant tanqvam fideles lisrei Nostri infra Dictum Nostrum Regnum An^. 
Nati absqve Perturbatione Molestatione impedimento Vexatione Clameo 
sive Gravamine qvocunqve Nostri Hgeredum aut Successorum Nostrorum 
aut Ministrorum aut Oiiiciariorum Nostrorum aut Aliorum qvorumcunqve 
aliqvo Statuto Actu Ordinatione sive Provisione Regni Nostri Prsedicti in 
Contrarium inde antehac facto Edito Ordinato Sive Proviso aut aliqva 
Alia Re Causa vel Materia qvacunqve in Contrarium uon Obstante Atta- 
men Volumus ac per Presentes Personis Prasdictis et eorum qvolibet Re- 
spective Prsecipimus qvod ipsi et Haeredes Sui Respective Homagium et \ 
LieLreantiam nobis fLeredibus et Successoribus Nostris faciant et Lott et 
Scott prout alii Ligei Nostri faciunt et Contribiumt Solvant et Contribuant 
lit est Justum et qvod ipsi et Iljeredes Sui Respective Solvant Sol uiriodo 
nobi^ ILeredib 5 et Successoribus i-w-rris Custumam et Subsidium p r p R :bus 
et Marchandizis Suis prout Indigenai Solvant et Solvere Debent et qvod 
ipsi et Ilaeredes Sui Respective Omnes et Singulas Ordinationes Acta 
Statuta et Proclamationes Regni Nostri An^liai tarn Edita qvam in Po<te- 
rum Edenda Teneant et iisdem Obedientes Sint et Erint juxta formam Le- 
gum et Statutorum in ea parte aliqvo Statuto actu Ordinatione sive Pro- 
visione in Contrarium inde uon Obstante et non Obstante Statuto in Par- 
liamentu Dominie ElizabetLie nuper Retinae An^'. Anno Regni Sui Qvin- 



252 John and Samuel Browne, Salem, 1629. [July, 



es 
e- 



to Tento Edito et Proviso Proviso semper et Volumus qvod Separal 
Persona3 Predict et familia? Sua? qvas nunc habent vel in posterum hah 
ant Respective Continuabunt et Residentes Erint infra Regnum Nostrum 
Anga?. aut alibi infra Dominia Nostra In Cujus Rei Testimonium has Lite- 
ras Nostras feeimus fieri Patentes Teste LUeipso apud "\Yestmonasterium 
Qvinto Die Januarii Anno Regni Nostri Tertio 

per Breve de Privato Sigillo 

Broad Seal of Eng d Appendant Duplicat) 

The fore^oin^ Patent was Recorded this 20 th . of. Julv. 1088 at the De- 
sire of M r Gabriel Bernou one of the Partys therein mentioned 

by Me Tuo Dudley Cler. 



JOHN AND SAMUEL BROWNE'S APPLICATION TO 
THE MASSACHUSETTS COMPANY, LG29. 

Communiearel by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

STL^DEVTS of early American history are generally conversant, 
we presume, with the story of the two brothers, John and Sam- 
uel Browne, f the lawyer and the merchant,"' the former being an 
Assistant, who were joined with other members to be a Council ot ▼ 

the Massachusetts plantation or colony, of whom Endicot was con- 
firmed as Governor. Soon after their arrival here, if not previous- 
ly, differences of an ecclesiastical nature arose. The Brownes and 
others set up Episcopacy, maintaining views at variance with the 
two ministers, Skelton and Higginson, who did not 'use the book 
of common prayer," and were non-conformists. ' Their speeches 
and practises tending to mutiny and faction," as it was alleged, 
" the governor told them, that New England was no place for such 
as they ; and therefore he sent them both back for England, at the -< 

return of the ships the same year." 

The article here printed settles the question, nearly, as to the 
time of arrival in England, and gives the name of the vessel in 
which they sailed. 

Mr. Eelt (Hist. Salem, i. 06) has fac-similes of the autographs 
of the two Brownes, "taken from the Colony Records. The ter- 
mination of the surnames is worn awav," he says, f but the defi- 
ciency is supplied by the like which precedes, except the final e." 
The document which we print } ias perfect autographs, and fac-simi- v 
les of these are here given. 

For further information in regard to the Brownes, sec- the follow- 
ing works : Suffolk Deeds, Lib. i., pages xiii., xxii., xxiii. ; 
xoung's Chronicles of Massachusetts : Transactions anal Collec- 
ti-ni* of the American Antiquarian Society, iii. ; Morton's .Me- 
monal, 117. 



1881.] William Good and Salem Witchcraft. 253 

"Whereas we John Browne & Samuell Browne haue certayne Chestes & 
truncks & other goods in the shippe called the Talbot t, if we shall haue 
libertye to take them out of the sayd shippe, we doe hereby promise, that 
if the Coiiiittee (w ch was appoynted betweene the Company of Massachu- 
setts baye in Newe England & vs the last Court) shall order vs to paye for 
the fraight of the sayd goodes, then we will pave the sayd fraight vnto the 
Trer 11 of the said Company at what tyine y l shalbe appoynted, And like- 
wise if they shall order that we shall paye any thing for o r passage home- 
wards bounde, we will paye the same in like manner what shalbe awarded, 
in witnes whereof we haue here vnto subscribed o r haudes this 28 th daye of 
September 1629 



/j&yM?^ 




i^^Ci C^%*&v**vf~~ 



[Endorsed:] A note of m r Samuell & John Brownes to pay freight for 
back bownd if it bee agreed so by the Coiiiittee 



INJURY TO WILLIAM GOOD BY THE WITCHCRAFT 

DELUSION. 

Communicated by Peter Thacher, A.M., of Boston. 

ALL of the following petition except the last line is in the hand 
writing of William Good. For Upham's opinion of Good, 
see his "Salem Witchcraft," volume ii. page 481. 

To the Honourable Committee 

The humble representation of Will™ Good of the Damage sustained by 
him in the year 1G02, by reason of the sufferings of his family upon the 
account of supposed Witchcraft. 

1. My wife Sarah Good was In prison about four months & then Exe- 
cuted. 

2. a sucking child dyed in prison before the Mothers Execution. 

3. a child of 4 or 5 years old was in prison 7 or 8 months and beinc 
chain'd in the dungeon was so hardly used and terrifyed that she hath ever 
since been very chargeable having little or no reason to gouern herself — 
And I leave it unto the Honourable Court to Judge what damage I have 
sustained by such a destruction of my poor family — And so rest 

Your Honours humble servant 

Salem Sept. 13: 1710 William Good. 

30 lb proposed for to be allowed 

VOL. XXXY. 22* 



254 The Family of Dummer. [July, 



THE FAMILY OF DUMMER. 
By Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., of London. 



Communicated by Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, LL.D., of New Haven, Conn. 

^FMIIS monograph is from a volume of " Family Memorials " in 
X preparation by Prof. Salisbury, and intended to be privately 
printed. 

The existence of the family of Dummer (in the early periods spelt va- 
riously Dumer, Dumere, Dummer, Dummere, Dumar, Domer, Dommer, 
etc.) is directly traced, through the public records, to as early a date as 
the beginning of the 12th century. Ralph de Dummera (supposed to be 
a son of Henry de Domera, living 7 & 28 Hen. I., 1107-1128), living 
in 114S and dead before 1205, married Amies de la Penne, heiress of 
Penne, in the county of Somerset, which place was afterwards known as 
Penne-Domer, and still exists as Pendomer. situated about four miles from 
Yeovil in that county- She was living as late as 1205, but died before 
1212. They had three sons, of whom Geoffry, the youngest, became a 
priest, and was parson of Dummer in Hampshire. Robert de Dummer, 
the second son, married and left issue, but his line terminated in an heir- 
ess about the middle of the 14th century. Henry de Dummer, the eldest 
son and heir, also married and had issue two daughters, and an only son, 
Sir William de Dummer. living 1213-1243, who married Sibilla, sister of 
Hubert de Canne, lord of the manor of Dravton, co. Hants. Their son 
Sir John de Dummer, living 12G8-1320, has an effigy still existing in Pen- 
domer church, a magnificent example of its kind, cross-legged, and in a 
complete suit of ring-mail. He married the sister of Sir William Paynel, 
Baron Paynel, and had three sons, of whom Richard left no issue, and the 
line of John terminated in coheiresses early in the 15th century. Thomas 
de Dommer. the eldest son. succeeded to the family estate in Dummer, in 
Hampshire (that of Pendomer going to his younger brother John, whose 
grandson and last heir male sold it in 1408). He died in 131 G, his wife 
Joan surviving. They had two sons, John who died without issue, and 
Thomas de Dummer who was a minor in 1318, and was still living in 1349. 
He left an only daughter and heir, Ellen, who married, first, Sir jisicholas 
Atte More, and secondly, William Farley, who was living in 1305. By her 
first husband she had one son, Thomas At More, alias Dummer, who left 
one son, Henry Dummer, living in 1428, whose son Robert Dummer was 
lord of the manor and patron of the church of Dummer, co. Hants, in 1450 
and 14G2. He left two sons, of whom George died before 1510, leaving 
an only daughter who married Thomas Tottishurst, of the county of Kent. 
Henry Dummer of Dummer, the surviving son, married twice, and died in 
151 G. By his second wife, Alice Franklin, lie had a daughter Margaret, 
and a son, John Dummer, who died 1st January, 1570-1, having had two 
sons who died in infancy, and leaving two daughters, Rose, married to John 
Edmonds of London, and Joane, who was married at Dummer, 5th Octo- 
ber, 1561, to John Cocke of that place, where she was buried in 1G05, and 



1881.] • The Family of Bummer. 255 

he in 1G13. Henry Dummer, by his first wife, the daughter of Thomas 
Starling', had a son and heir, Richard Dummer, living in 1524-5, who had 
a daughter Joane and a son John, who both died without issue, and another 
son "William At More alias Dummer, who was born 13th Feb., 1508-9. He 
was for fifty years clerk of the Lord Mayor's Court, and Comptroller of the 
Chamber of London, and was finally buried at Dummer on the 11th of July, 
1593. He married Kinborough, daughter of Edmund Brydges of Lon- 
don, and had an only son, Richard, who died in his infancy. 

The only monuments of the family existing, or known to have ever existed, 
in Dummer Church, were evidently put up by this person in his life-time, as 
the date of his death was never filled in. On a brass plate inserted in the 
east wall of the chancel are the effigies of a man and a little boy, the latter 
kneeling behind the former. The wife's effigy, without children, has dis- 
appeared, the matrix only remaining. 

The arms in a shield are as follows : 

Quarterly, I. and IV 2 bars between 6 Martlets .... (for Atmore), II. 

.... billety .... a crescent for ^difference (for Dummer), III a cross 

engrailed (for Caune). 

Underneath is the following inscription : 

" Within this toumbe lycthe buryed y e bodye of William at Moore al's Dorumer 
Esquvre borne the xiiith daye of Februarys Anno 1508 : he served y e citye of Lon- 
don in y° office of one of y e Clearkes of the Lo: Maiors Court and Comptroler of y* 
Chaurnber of London 50 yeares and above and died the of A he maryed Kin- 
borowe Daughter of Edmunde Brydges of Londu Draper & had issue betwene them 
a sonne who died in his infancie." 

On the pavement below the above is the following on another brass plate 
let into a slab of Purbeck marble : 

" I, William at Moore, Dommer calde, do here intoumbed lye, 
And Lordship this and of thys Churche the patronage had I : 
Myne auncestors me Ion 2 before weare owners of the same, 
Obtayn'd by matche w th Dommer's heire whereof they tookey e name ; 
W ch name and livin^e here on earthe as from them I posseste, 
So nowe in earth like them I am for wormes becoumbe a gueste : 
Thus (reader) death on me hath wrought that to mankynd is due, 
And like of thee by nature's course is sure for to ensue." 

Execrable as poetry, these lines are important, as they furnish the wri- 
ter's own testimony as to the manner in which he became a Dummer. 

This William was the last of the name wdio possessed the manor or lord- 
ship of Dummer, which at his death passed, probably by some limitation 
in the entail, to some person so distantly connected with the family that the 
character of such connection cannot be ascertained. He, it will be seen, was 
not a genuine Dummer, but the last of seven generations of Atmores. His 
immediate predecessors had called themselves only Dummer, while he used 
both surnames, but gave his own coat of arras the precedence, using that 
of Dummer only as a quartering. In those days the heraldry of tomb- 
stones meant something, and the shield which he caused to be put upon his 
monument tells his true history. He was entitled to quarter the Dummer 
coat through his heiress-ancestress who married the first Sir Nicholas At- 
more, and she also brought with her that of Caune, her great-grandmother 
being an heiress. He might, if he had chosen, also have quartered the 
coat of Peune, the first ancestress from whom he could positively trace his 
descent. 

The name of Dummer disappears from the Dummer registers after his 



256 The Family of ' Dummer. [Juty> 

death, and, so far as can be ascertained, the entire race in the male line of 
the Duinmers of Pendouier became extinct. The surname crops up occa- 
sionally, however, in deeds and wills and other records of the period, but it 
is impossible to identify the persons bearing it, in any instance, or to con- 
nect them with each other. The probability is that, as in the case of At- 
more, other persons married Dummer daughters, if not heiresses, and 
assumed their name. That such was the case in the history of the family 
I am now about to discuss is very certain. It will probably be news to the 
descendants of the Duinmers of New England that their ancient patrony- 
mic was not Dummer at all, but such is the inevitable result from the ex- 
tensive researches I have made among the old wills, public records, Manor 
Court rolls, etc. etc., of the period, and every step in the pedigree I am 
about to present is proved by evidence that is indisputable. My only re- 
gret is that no effort, and I have spared none, enables me to determine pre- 
cisely who was the first Dummer of the family. There is a gap that can- 
not be bridged. 

There was a certain John Dummer who was Propositus or Reeve of the 
borough of Overton in Hampshire, in 1471, and who was amerced in that 
borough in the 21st of Kino- Henry VII., 1505-6. Who he was, where 
he came from, or when he died, I have been unable to ascertain, and can 
no where find any other reference to him. 

I. A little later, viz., in 1523, there appears at Owslebury, in the same 
county, a Richard Pyldren, or Pyldrem, who died before February, 1540-1, 
and was buried at Owslebury. He was a freeholder of Overton above- 
mentioned, and is variously called, in the Manor Court rolls and other 
records, " Richard Pyldreu alias Domer," " Richard Dummer alias Pyl- 
dren," and " Richard Pyldrem alias Dummer." His wife Matilda, or 
Maude, survived him, and was living at Owslebury in 1545, as " Mawde 
Pillgryme," and in 1549 as " Mawde Piidrem," but was buried at Owsle- 
bury, according to her son's will, before 24th August, 1559. Whether her 
maiden-name was Pvldren, and her husband assumed it on their marriage, 
or whether she was a Dummer and he had added her patronymic to his 
own, and, if so, whether she was a daughter and heiress of the John Dum- 
mer of Overton above named, are questions that my most anxious searches 
do not enable me to answer, and it is not probable that they ever can be 
answered. But as her sous and "randson continued to use the name of Pyl- 
dren before that of Dummer, and as, although at some distance from Owsle- 
bury, they continued to be freeholders of Overton, and as this Richard and 
Matilda gave the name of John to the only two sons they had, there 
may be a fair presumption that Matilda was the daughter and heiress 
of John Dummer of Overton, and that her husband, first assuming her 
surname as an alias, finally dropped his own altogether, or rather 
that his descendants did. The conjecture however is not susceptible of 
proof absolute, and it can only be reasoned from analogy that the assump- 
tion of a second surname by Pyldren, as in the case of Atmore, was due 
to the fact that he had " matched with Dummer's heir." 

At all events, this Richard Pyldren and Maude his wife were the ear- 
liest ancestors, of whom we can be absolutely certain, of the Duinmers of 
New England, and of Bidiopstoke and elsewhere in Hampshire. They 
left two sons, both named John, and evidently no other children. One of 
these Johns, whether the elder or younger cannot be determined, was mar- 
ried at Newton Valence, Hants, 5th October, 1541, to Joane, daughter of 
Robert Smith of that place, and Agatha his wife. They are mentioned in 



1881.] The Family of Dummer. * 257 

the will of her mother, Agatha Smith, dated 23d September, 1558, as be- 
ing then issueless, and they evidently died without issue, as none are named 
in the will of her husband John Pyldren, which was dated 24th August, 
1550. He directed to be buried at Owslebury, near his father and mother, 
and gave a small legacy to his brother John. The rest of his estate he gave 
to his wife Joane, whom he made his executrix, and she proved the will 
at "Winchester, on the 3d of June, 1561. In one of the old records of 1544 
this John is named as " John Pyldrime or Pilgryme .alias Domer." I 
have never met with this name in this form any where else, and the proba- 
bility is that, if it had been perpetuated, it would have settled down into 
Pilgrim, which was subsequently not an uncommon name. 

II. The other son of Richard and Maude Pyldren alias Dummer. viz. 
John Pyldren. or Pyldfyn, as he continued to be called in the lists of Free 
Renters at Overton, as late as 1542, subsequently resided at Durley, in 
Hants, about five miles southward from Owsleburv. As his will is the 
earliest that can be discovered of the ancestors of the Dummers of New 
England, and as it is a curious example of the orthography of the period, 
I here give it verbatim et literatim : 

" In the name of God Amen I John Pyldren of Derly within the countye of 
South 1 , Housbandman, beinge sykeof bodye but thankes be unto Gocl hole of mynde 
& memory, doue here make and ordayne my last wyll & testament in manar &. forme 
foloing. Jn the fyrste day of December in the seventieth yere of the raync of our 
soverayne ladye the quene Elyzabeth, by the grace of god quene of Ingland, France 
& Ireland, deffendar of the fayth etc. Item. Fyrste 1 ueve and bequethe my sole 
unto all myghty God, and my bodye to be buryed in the church or church-yeard of 
Dyrley, at the dyscretyon of my executors. Item, I geve unto the Trenyte churche 
of Winchester ii I i* 1 . Item, I give unto my wiffe A Is [Alice] my best bed and all 
that thereto belongeth. Item, I also geve to my sayd wytfe my best kowe and a brasse 
pott ii plattars. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Richard White won quarter of 
barley well & klene tryd & wymber. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Wyllyam Col- 
broke won quarter of good barley. Item, I geve unto my son in lawes Rychard White's 
son Ilobart won kowe boioke of a year old. Item, I geve unto my godson Thomas 
White one kowe bolok of a yere old. Item, I geve to my godson Raynold Staverby 
xii d . Item, I give and bequethe to every on of my god-children els ii d a pece. Item, 
I geve among the pore pepull of Dyrley ii boshels of whete, to be dystrebuted in bred 
at the dyscretyon of my executors. Item, I geve to the chappell of Dorley sir 1 . Item, 
I geve to every on of my servants xir 1 . Item, all the rest of my goods and katayls 
unbequethed, my debtes payd Sc my fyneral dyschardgd, I give unto my son John 
and my son Thomas, whome I dovve make & ordayne my goyntte and sole executors 
of this my last will and testament. Overseers of this my wyll Henry Staverton, 
gentylumn, & Richard Cossen of Wyntershull. Item 1 wyll that ether of them 
Bhall have v s for their paynes. 

Witnesses to this my wyll : 
Henry Staverton 
Richard Cosen 
Thomas Abraham of Bets 
John Crouchar " " " 

The will was proved at Winchester, on the 11th of December, 1574, by 
both executors. The inventory of the personal effects of the testator is thus 
headed : 

" The Inventory of all the goodes & kateyls of John Pyldryn of Dyrley 
within the countye of Sou the., Teman, dysesed, taken and preseid the sev- 
enthe day of December, and in the xvii tb yere of the Raygne of our sove- 
rayn Ladye Elyzabethe," "etc. The sum total was £70. 14. 0, a very re- 
spectable sum for the period. 

As the will was dated on the 1st and proved on the 11th of December, 
1574, there can be little doubt that his wife Alice survived him ; but who 



258 * The Family of Dummer. [July, 

she was, and what became of her, I have been entirely unable to ascertain. 
Of their children, beyond what is said in the will, I can only add that the 
two daughters were named Joane and Margery : but which married Rich- 
ard White and which William Colebrook I cannot say." They evidently 
had another daughter, who died in her father's lifetime, as " Alice daughter 
of John Dummer was buried at Durley on the 20th of December, 1568 ;" 
and it may be suspected that 4i Alice Dummer, widow," who was buried 
there on the loth of December, 1603, was his widow — but of this one can- 
not be certain. His own burial is not in the Durley register, and he may 
have been buried at Owslebury. the register of which parish previous to 
1676 is hopelessly lost. It may be that the family was called Dummer at 
Durley, but that, when he came to make his will, he thought it necessary 
to use only his own family-name of Pyldren. In such case it is cmite probable 
that it was his widow Alice who was buried at Durley in 1603. But no 
will of hers can be found under either name, and this matter must therefore 
remain uncertain. 

John Dummer, the eldest son, continued at Durley, and was the ances- 
tor of the Dummers of that place, who never afterwards used the surname 
of Pyldren at all ; but, as they are of no account in this history, I proceed 
to that of the younger son, viz. : 

III. Thomas Pyldrim alias Dommer, as he appears in the early Manor 
Court rolls of Bishopstoke, Hants. He was sometime of Allington in 
South Stoneham, and afterwards of Swathling in North Stoneham, both 
in Hants, not for from Durley and Bishopstoke, which are all indeed with- 
in a circle of a few miles. He appears as lessee of Swathling-farm 20th 
January, 1608-9. On the 19th of September, 1620, he settled a rent- 
charge of forty shillings per annum, out of his land in Bishopstoke, for the 
use of the poor in that parish. His wife Joane joined with him in this set- 
tlement, but who she was, or when she died, I have been unable to ascer- 
tain. No will of herself or her husband is to be found. They are not in 
the Principal Registry either at London or Winchester, and were probably 
proved in the Court of the Peculiar of Basingstoke, the records of which 
Court, except a few odds and ends that are deposited at Winchester, have 
not been seen within the memory of man. It is believed that they were 
destroyed during the civil wars of the 17th century, or else hidden away 
for safe keeping, and eventually lost. This Thomas was living 24th Sept., 
1625, but died before 11th March, 1625-6, the dates of two of the Manor 
Courts of Bishopstoke, as appears by the rolls. According to the state- 
ment of his daughter Mary (the " M. D." of the Genealogy printed on page 
xxi. of the Introduction to the 1st vol. of the " Diary of Samuel Sewall "), 
he was buried in Bishopstoke Church, and there is no reason to doubt the 
statement, but it cannot be corroborated, as the Bishopstoke registers now 
in existence do not begin until 1661, with the exception of a few entries 
on the fly-leaves, probably unofficial, and there is no monument for him. 

Their children occur in the Court-rolls precisely in the order in which 
they are named by u M. D." in the statement referred to, with the excep- 
tion of the ''two Williams," of whom I find no positive trace in this 
country. Shu stated that one of them " left one son, which hath children 
living," and it is possible that the visit of Samuel Sewall to Titchfield, 
9th March, 16-^8-9 (see Diary, I. 298), when he dined with his "cousin 
Thomas Dummer," was to these relatives. The only trace I find of these 
Titchfield Dummers is in the will of Robert Dummer of Fairthorne. in the 
parish of Titchfield, Hants, yeoman, without date, but proved at Win- 



1881.] The Family of Bummer. 259 

Chester, 12th March, 1663-4. He left a wife Mercy, and sons John, Ste- 
phen and William, all under age. One of the witnesses to this will was 
Thomas Dnmmer. The appearance of the two christian names of Wil- 
liam and Thomas, as well as the others of John and Stephen, all the com- 
mon family-names, seems to indicate that they were the descendants of the 
"William named by u M. D.," but I have found nothing further about any 
of them. 

The scope of this narrative is primarily confined to the descendants of 
the fourth son, Stephen Dummer, but, as the histories of all of them are 
more or less intimately connected, and as they serve to illustrate to some 
extent the "Sewall Diary," I propose to narrate as briefly as possible what 
I have discovered about the others, commencing with the eldest son, viz.: 

1. John Dummer, who succeeded to his father's estate at Swathling, 
where he continued to live until his death. He made his will on the 20th 
of June, 1662, describing himself as John Dummer the elder, of Swathling, 
in the parish of South Stoneham. co. Southampton, gentleman. It may 
be noted in passing, that he appears to have been the first of the line who 
dropped altogether the real patronymic of Pildren, and also the first who 
styled himself a "Gentleman," as he undoubtedly was. The following is 
a full abstract of the will : 

To the poor of South Stoneham £3. and of North Stoneham 20 shillings. — To 
Thomas my eldest son my lands and leases in Swathling. and Poiiats in South 
Stoneham. — To John my second son my free land called Bauden's Land, in the Tith- 
ing of Allington in South Stoneham aforesaid, & to his heirs and assigns forever, 
he paying £100. to his said elder brother Thomas. — To Edmund my youngest son 
£5 only. I having already settled an estate on him. — To my eldest daughter Ann, 
wife of Richard Chemish, £200, fur the use of herself and children. — To Dorothy 
& Elizabeth my daughters, each £10, and to each of my grandchildren £3. — To 
Walter Smith of Fairthorne 10 shillings — All residue to my said sons Thomas and 
John, whom I make my joint executors. 

The will was proved at Winchester, by both executors, on the 28th of 
January, 1662—3. The total sum of the inventory of the personal estate 
was £522. 9. 8. quite a large sum for a man of his position at that period. 

His wife had evidently died before him, but, as the parish-register of 
South Stoneham now existing does not begin until just after his death, in 
1603, I am unable to ascertain even her christian name. In that register, 
however, under date of 26th August, 1GG7, is this entry: " Memorandum — 
that upon Monday, August 20th, I buried the corpse of old Smyth, uncle unto 
Mr Dummer of Swathling, in the church-yard of South Stoneham." The 
Mr. Dummer referred to was of course the eldest son Thomas, who had 
succeeded to Swathling. and if "old Srnyth" was his uncle, in the strict 
application of the word, it could have been only as his mother's brother, 
and the Mr. Smyth so disrespectfully mentioned may have been the Walter 
Smith to whom Thomas Dummer's father left the small legacy of 10 shil- 
lings. He may have been a disreputable old man, of whom the incumbent 
of that date did not feel bound to speak more respectfully. The children 
of this John Dummer were as follows : 

(1.) Thomas Dummer, eldest son, and one of his father's executors, suc- 
ceeded to the Swathling estate. He married at Durley, Hants, on the 2d 
of April, 1659, his cousin-german Mary Dummer, youngest daughter of 
his uncle Thomas Dummer. (She was the " M. D. ? ' of the 4 * Sewall 
Diary.") By her he had an only son, John Dummer, who was baptized 
at Durley on the 27th of February, 1660-1, admitted to Winchester Col- 



s 






260 The Family of Dummer* [July, 

le^e 12th August, 1675, died unmarried on the 13th, and was buried at 
South Stonehara on the 17th. of March. 1683-4. His is the earliest Dum- 
mer monument in the church of South Stoneham. and the inscription reads 
thus : " Here lieth the body of John Dummer. onlv son of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of Swathling Gent., and Mary his wife, lie died March 13, 1683, 
aged 22." 

Thev had also an onlv daughter, and eventually heir. Susanna, who was 
born the 3d, and baptized at South Stoneham the 9th, of September, 1603, 
and married there on the 27th of December. 1688, to Robert Andrews, 
gent., who through her succeeded to the Swathling estate. He died in his 
59th year, on the 19th of August. 1719, and was buried the 21st at South 
Stoneham, where he has a monument with this inscription : 

" II. S. E. Robert Andrews, of Swathling, Gent., who married Susanna sole 
daughter of Thomas Dumber sen 1 ", of Swathling, Gent., by whom he had two sons, i 

Dummer and Robert, and four daughters, Mary, Susanna, Martha and Elizabeth : 
obiit 19 of August, anno aemtis 69, salutis 1719, The Rev' 1 Dummer Andrews 
M.A., the eldest son, obiit Oct IS, anno tetatis 63, salutis 1760." 

This son, Rev. Dummer Andrews, was baptized at South Stoneham 
15th September, 1692. matriculated at Oxford, from Queen's College, 15th 
December, 1709, and was B.A. 5th June, 1713. and M.A. 16th April, 1716. 
He was buried at South Stoneham 22d Oct.. 1760. Dying unmarried he 
left his estates to Dummer, only son of his brother Robert Andrews. His 
will, dated 23d June, 1753, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury 29th June, 1761. He named his brother and sisters then living, 
his niece Mrs. Mary Lusou of London, widow, his niece Mrs. Eliza- v 

beth White, of Romsey, Hants, and her son John White, and his god- 
daughter Mrs. Philadelphia Carter. Bevond this his will is of no in- 
terest to this narrative. The other son, Robert Andrews, was living 
at the date of his brother's will, 23d June, 1753, with a wife Susanna, 
an only son Dummer. and two daughters, Susanna and Elizabeth. Be- 
yond this I have not sought to trace them. 

Of the daughters. Mary Andrews, the eldest, was baptized at South 
Stoneham, 26th May. 1691. She married, in or before 1717, John Storke 
of Rumsey, merchant (eldest son of John Storke who had married Iter 
kinswoman Mary Nelson, as will be seen hereafter), who, according to the — 

monument at Rumsey. died 30th November, 1724, aired bo. Their dau« r h- 
ter Susanna Storke married, after 23d June, 1753, John Reeks, and proved 
the will of her uncle Rev. Dummer Andrews 29th January, 1761. 

Susanna Andrews, the second daughter, was baptized at South Stone- 
ham 5th April, 1694. She died unmarried on the 19th of August, 1768, 
aged 74, and was buried at South Stoneham. 

Martha Andrews, the third daughter, was born 18th May, and baptized 
at South Stoneham. 14th June, 1695. She died young, before her father. 

Elizabeth Andrews* the youngest daughter, was baptized at South Stone- 
ham 30th October. 1696. She married Rev. John Norris, M.A., Rector 
of Langfoid, co. Wilts, whom she survived. She died 5th November, 
1760, aged 64, and was buried at South Stoneham with her ancestors. 

Robert Andrew-, gent, the father of these children, made his will on 
the 30th of November, 1717, and it was proved at Winchester, by his wid- 
ow Susanna, on the 9th May. 1720. She made her will on the 18th of 
June, 1720, and it was proved at Winchester on the 13th of July, 1722, 
by her daughter Susanna Andrews. There is nothing in either of them 
beyond the facts already detailed, and they need not, therefore, be recited. 



1881.] The Family of Bummer. 261 

Thomas Dummer, of Swathling, of wliom we are treating, eldest son of 
John Dummer of Swathling, made his will on the loth of January, 1688-9, 
describing himself as a Gentleman. The following is a full abstract of it: 

To ray wife Mary, my moiety of housing and land in West "Wittering, co. Sus- 
sex, belonging to the Cathedral Church of Chichester, also ray leasehold-estate in 
Houne, with remainder to ray daughter Susanna. — To my said wife Mary, my lease- 
hold-estate in Swathling, belonging to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, for her life, 
with remainder to my said daughter Susanna. — To ray said daughter Susanna, 
my freehold-land in Swathling and elsewhere, but, if she die without husband or 
issue, then remainder to ray said wife for life, remainder to Thomas, son of ray 
brother Edmund Dummer. and the heirs of hi^ body, remainder, in default thereof, 
to Richard, another son of ray said brother Edmund Dummer, remainder to Corne- 
lius Dummer, another son of my said brother Edmund, and to his heirs forever. — To 
Samuel Carter my kinsman, £10, and to his sister Hester Carter. £5. — To Mary 
Dummer, daughter of Thomas Dummer, formerly living at Chicknell, £10. — All re- 
sidue to my said wife and daughter equally, and I make them my joint executrices. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
10th of December. 1690, by the relict Mary, and the daughter Susanna, 
wife of Robert Andrews. 

Thomas Dummer was buried in the Church of South Stoneham, on the 
21st of March, 1688-9. The inscription on his monument is as follows: 



.. 



Here lveth the Body of Thomas Dummer, senior, of Swathling, Gent., who 
died March 17, 1688, in his 69th year." 

Why his will was not proved in London until nearly two years after hi3 
death, may be explained on the presumption that it was immediately proved 
in the Peculiar Court of his neighborhood, the records of which are lost, 
and that subsequently it became necessary to prove it also in London. His 
widow Mary survived him more than thirtv vears, and was buried at South 
Stoneham on the 4th of June. 1720. She has no monument, nor can any 
will of hers be found. Probably she left none, as she must have lived to 
extreme old a<je, certainly beyond eighty. 

It has been always said that the three emigrants to New England, Rich- 
ard, Stephen and Thomas Dummer. Wire brothers, but this is an evident 
mistake so far as the last is concerned. The a^e of the Thomas who went 
out in the '• Bevis " is given as 19, in the well known list of passengers by 
that vessel, but that list contains other irreconcileable statements. It is 
absolutely certain that Joane. daughter of Thomas Dummer. brother of 
Richard and Stephen, married Thomas Nelson as early as 104o ; and there- 
fore equally certain that she was not the daughter of a man who had emi- 
grated in 1638 at the age of 19. My impression is that Thomas, the bro- 
ther of Richard and Stephen, never went to New England at all, but that 
Richard, on his return to New England in 1038. took with him the wife and 
children of Stephen (who had remained in New England), and also Joane, 
daughter of their brother Thomas, and Thomas the son of their brother 
John, the same Thomas whose history we are now discussing, wdio would 
have been about 19 in 1038. and that he afterwards returned to England, 
as did his uncle Stephen, and others of the family. This conclusion seems 
to be sustained by the fact that there appears to be no trace of Thomas 
Dummer in New England after 16o0, when his name occurs in the list of 
the original settlers of Salisbury. 

We now return to the second son of John Dummer of Swathling. viz. : 

(2.) Rev. John Dummer, • ho was admitted to Winchester College 25th 
September, 1G37, and bee e Fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1044. 
He did not take his deg »f M.A. until 20th September, 10 00. He wa3 

VOL. XXXV. 



262 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

instituted to the Rectory of Hardwick. co. Bucks, on the 6th of May, 1669, 
which post he retained until his death on the 15th of May, 1004. at the 
age of 73. A Latin inscription to his memory, but of no further genea- 
logical interest, will be found in the 3d vol. of Lipscomb's History of Buck- 
inghamshire, on page 369. He died unmarried. He made his will on the 
13th of January. 1689-90, describing himself as ''John Dummer. Clerk, 
Rector of Hardwick, co. Bucks." The following is a full abstract: 

To my nephew Edmond Dummer, Jr., son of my brother Edniond Dummer of 
Swathling, co. Southampton, all my land and estate which I received from my 
father, known as Barnes Land in South Stoneham in said county, and to the heirs 
male of his body, with remainder to John, second son of my said brother Edmond, 
remainder to Thomas, third son of my said brother Edmond. — To the Vicar and 
Churchwardens of South Stoneham, out of said lands, 40 shillings per annum, half 
for the poor of the village of Swathling, & half for the poor of \7est End in the 
Tithing of Allington, both in said parish. — To my sister Ann Chemish, £20. To 
each of the children of my brothers and sisters. £5. — I give my lands, etc.. in Whit- 
church, co. Bucks, io New College, Oxford, they to pay for the use of the poor of 
Hardwick aforesaid 20 shillings per annum for ever, and a Fellow of that College 
to preach a sermon every 30th of January, in the nave of Hardwick Church, in 
memory of the martyr King Charles the First. — To my cousin Richard Dummer, 
son of my brother Edmund Dummer of Swathling, all my books, gown?, and cas- 
socks. — To my cousin Jane Carter, widow, now resident with me, £20., and to her 
daughter Hester, and to her two sons Thomas and Samuel Carter, each £5. — To my 
cousin Mary Dummer, daughter of my cousin Edmund Dummer, late of Chatham 
but now of London, near the Tower, £20, when of full age. — To my cousin Mary 
Dummer, only sister of said Edmund Dummer. £5. — To each of my brothers and 
sisters, 5 guineas. — I appoint as joint executors my dear nephews John and Thomas, 
sons of my brother Edmund Dummer of Swathling. — Overseers, my dear and much 
honoured friends, William Oldys, Dr. of Laws and Chancellor of Lincoln, and Mr. 
Stephen Penton, sometime Principal of St. Edmund's Hall in Oxford. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 1st 
of August, 1694. by said Thomas Dummer, one of the executors named, 
power being reserved for John Dummer, the other. 

The chief importance of this will is that it enables us to identify the Car- 
ters, as will be seen hereafter. 

The third and voun^est son of John Dummer of Swathling was 

(3.) Edmund Dummer, of Swathling, who married Barbara, daughter of 
Richard Cornelius of Southampton, merchant. They were both buried at 
South Stoneham, he on the 17th of January, 1701-2, in his 79th year, and 
she on the 27th of March, 1706, in her 71st year. She left no will, or at 
least none is to be found. His will is dated 17th October, 1698, and he 
described himself as of Swathling, Gentleman. The following is a full 
abstract : 

To my dear wife the use of all my goods, stock and household stuff, for her life. 
— To Thomas my son. my messuage or tenement in East street, in the parish of All 
Saints in the town of Southampton, and to his heirs forever. — To Richard and Cor- 
nelius my sons, each £250 : and to them equally, my messuage or tenement in the 
parish of St. Mary, in Southampton aforesaid. — To my cousin John Hunt, of Lye 
Heath, in the parish of Southwick, £5. — To rny sister Ann Kemish, 20 shillings 
per annum for life. — All residue to my eons Edmund and Thomas Dummer, and I 
make them my executors. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on tho 
18th of December, 1704 (probably having been before proved in one of 
the local courts of which the records are lost), by the sou Thomas, power 
being reserved for the son Edmund. The inscription on the monument at 
South Stoneham is as follows: 



1881.] Ike Family of Bummer. 263 

"In memory of Edmund Dummer of Swathling, Gent., who died the 15th of 
January, 1701, aged 78 ; and also in memory of Barbara his wife, daughter of Richard 
Cornelius, of South ton , Merchant, who died" the 22d day of March, 1705, aged 70 : 
They had 8 sons (Richard, Edmund, John, Thomas, Charles, Richard, Cornelius, 
and Henry), and, after having happily spent 40 years in a marriage-state, were 
here interred." 

Their children were as follows : 

[1.] Richard, who was baptized at North Stoneham, 6th July, 1662, and 
died yoiniCT before 1672, but his burial is not recorded, either at North or 
South Stoneham. 

[2.] Edmund Dummer, who was baptized at South Stoneham 22d Sep- 
tember, 1663. He was a member of Lincoln's Inn, and on the 6th of 
June, 1706, was appointed to the Government-post of Clerk of the Great 
Wardrobe. He married late in life, viz. 16th May, 1715 (when he was in 
his 53d year), at St. James, Westminster, Leonora-Sophia, daughter of Sir 
William Dutton-Colt, Knight. (She was in her 24th year at her marriage, 
having been born at Zell, in Germany, where her father was an Ambassa- 
dor, on the 24th of September, 1691, and was baptized the 26th, in the 
French Church there. She remarried in July,- 1729, Denis Bond, Esq., of 
Grange, co. Dorset^ and, dying 26th March, 1766, was buried on the 3d of 
April following, in the Temple Church, London.) Edmund Dummer died 
on the 23d of May, 1724, aged 60. The inscription on his monument at 
South Stoneham is as follows : 

" M. S. Edmundi Dummer, de Swathling in agro Hantoniensi, Armigeri, de Hos- 
pitii Lincolniensis Barrasterii, Qui e Leonora Sophia uxore, Gulielmi Dutton Colt, 
militis, apud Hannoveram olim iegati, filia, liberos quinque. duos silicet filios et 
tres filias, suseepit. E quibus Johannem, Mariam et Elizabethan! superstites reli- 
quit. Edmundo et Catherine infantibus, que ab iis pius sibi ipsi praestari rnal- 
uit parens, suprema officia executus est, suorum dum vixit amans. amicis charus, 
vicinis hospes, clientibus audiit fidus, notis omnibus desideratus, obiit 10 Calendar 
Junii, anno getatis 61, Domini 1724." 

His will is a long one, but, as it contains some important identifications,, 
and as he becomes an interesting personage in this history in another mat- 
ter to be presently discussed, I give a full abstract of it. It was dated 15th 
October, 1720, and he described himself as of Swathling, co. Southampton, 
Esquire. 

To be buried under the seat where I usually sit in the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, or near my dear father and mother, as my executors shall see fit. — I give 
all my manors, lands, & tenements in the county of Southampton, London, & coun- 
ty of Middlesex, or elsewhere in England, to my brother-in-law Thomas Shipman, 
Merchant [really no relation, but his wife's half brother, son of her mother by her 
former husband — see Col. Chester's " Westminster Abbey Registers," p. 24 text, 
and note 3], and John Baines of the Inner Temple, London, Esq., in trust for my 
dear brother Thomas Dummer, for his life, with remainder to my nephew Thomas 
Lee Dummer, until the child with which my wife is now enceinte (if a son) shall 
reach the age of 21, when he is to have the same, but, if he die before that ace, or 
without issue, then to said Thomas Lee Dummer for life, with remainder to my 
daughter Mary and the child of which my wife is enceinte (if a daughter), and to 
the longest liver of them. — To my said daughter Mary, and my said unborn child (if 
a daughter), each £5000. at the age of 21 or marriage. — For a school at Xorth 
Stoneham, £300., and £5 per annum towards the maintenance of a school-master. — 
(Makes provisions for maintaining and educating four or more children of his 
daughter Mary, or of the unborn child (if a daughter), and three of the boys are to 
take the surname of Dummer, and the fourth that of Cornelius, in memory of his 
own dear mother deceased.) — If said daughter (or daughters) have no issue, then 
said four boys to be selected from among the children of my relations John Hunt, 
Richard LIunt, [blank] Bartlct, and of my late aunts [blank] Kemish and Anne 



264: The Family of Dummer. [July* 

Bear, deceased [this was a blunder of the writer of the will, or more likely a failure 
of memory on the part of the testator, for the name of his aunt Kemish was Anne, 
and that of his aunt Beare was Elizabeth ; as lie evidently could not give his aunt 
Kemish's christian name, he appears to have confused the two], being kindred of 
my father's side ; and of Margaret Doit, John Norborne, and Barbara Fry, deceased, 
being kindred of my mother's side. — Lf necessary, my estates in London, Essex, and 
Middlesex to be sold — To my cousin John Norborne, £10. — To Thomas iSteggall, 
Gent., £10. — To the poor of North and South Stoneham, £40. — I intend by other 
means to signify my reasons why the heirs of my cousin Andrews, widow, lately 
deceased, have no reason to expect any profit or advantage of my labors. — I give 
£300. for the erection of monuments tor my father aud mother & my brothers, where 
they lie interred, and I will that the corpse of my late deiir brother Charles, deceas- 
ed, be carried from the vault of St. Dunstau in the West, London, and interred 
where my father, mother & brothers lie. 

Codicil, dated 9th May, 1721. Whereas since making my will I have had two child- 
dren by me begotten of the bedy of my wife, now living, viz. John and Elizabeth, 
said John, being the child of which my wife was then enceinte, will now inherit 
my estate. — To my said daughter Elizabeth £5000. at the age of 21 or marriage. — 
To my kinsman Thomas Dummer, now living with me as clerk, £40. — To Mary & 
Joane. be they widows or wives, and to John their brother, all children of my aunt 
Kemish, each £10. — All settlements and agreements, before and since marriage, 
with my dear wife, to be fully performed. — I make my brother Thomas Dummer my 
executor. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Cahterbury on the 5th 
of June, 1724, by the executor named. His children by his wife Leonora 
Sophia were as follows : 

Edmund, who died in infancy. 

Mary, born 11th May, 1717, who married at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, 
11th July, 1740, John Bond, of Grange, co. Dorset, Esq., who died 
30th May, and was buried 5th June, 1784, at Steeple, co. Dorset. 
She died the 3d of October, 1787, and was buried the 10th with 
her husband. 
Catharine, who died an infant, and was buried at South Stoneham 20th 
Feb., 1719-20. 

John Dummer, who was born in Dec, 1720. He matriculated at Oxford, from 
Wadham College, 23d November, 1738, but took no degree. He 
died, unmirried, on the 5th, and was buried at South Stoneham on 
14th, February, 1748-9. His estates, which were very considerable, 
went to his two surviving sisters, as his next heirs. He left no will, 
but letters to administer his estate were granted by the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury 17th March, 1748-9, to his sister Eliza- 
beth Knightley, his mother Mrs. Bond having renounced adminis- 
tration. 

Elizabeth, baptized at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, 30th Sept., 1722. She was 
married at St. George's, Hanover Square, 20th Dec, 1740, to Val- 
entine Knightley, Esq., Lord of the Manor of Fawslev in North- 
amptonshire. who died the 2d and was buried the 10th of May, 
1754, at Fawsley. She died the 11th of August, 1700, leaving 
issue. On his shield Mr. Knightley bore the Dummer-arms on au 
escutcheon of pretence. 
This Edmund Dummer must not be forgotten, as we shall have to do with 

him again in discussing the question of the Dummer coat of arms. His 

next brother, viz., 

[3.] John Dummer, was baptized at South Stoneham 25th October, 16C5. 

He became a surgeon, and died, unmarried, in his father's life-time, being 

buried at South Stoneham 29th November, 1C97. The inscription on his 

monumeut is as follows : 



1881.] The Family of Dummer. 265 

" In memory of John Dummer, third son of Edmund Dumtner, of Swathling, 
Gent., and Barbara his wife, who died the 25th day of November, 1697, aged 32." 

He made his will on the day before his death, describing himself as of 
North Stoneham, Chirurgeon. The only bequest was a legacy of £50, the 
interest of which was to be distributed every Good Friday forever among 
the poor of North Stoneham. 

His father proved the will in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 
the loth of December, 1697. 

The next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer was 

[4.] TJwmas Dummer, who was born about 1667. He became a Barris- 
ter of the Inner Temple, and in 1706 was appointed Deputy Keeper of 
the Great Wardrobe, which office he held until his death. He married, 
about 1712, Isabella-Dorothea, only daughter of Thomas Holland, Esq. 
(son and heir of Sir John Holland, 1st Baronet of Quiddenham, co. Nor- 
folk), who died in his father's life-time. She died, evidently, in child-bed 
of her only child. The inscription on her monument at South Stoneham 
is as follows : 

" Under this marble resteth the body of Isabella Dorothea, wife of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of the: [nner Temple, London, Esq., Deputy to the Most Noble John, Duke of 
Montagu, Master of the Great Wardrobe, the only daughter of Thomas Holland, 
£sq r . (son and heir of Sir John Holland, late of Quidenhani, in the county of Nor- 
folk, Bart.), who died the 14th day of July, 1713, in the 40th year of her age.'' 

Her husband survived her more than thirty-six years. The inscription 
on his monument at South Stoneham is as follows : 

" Here lyeth Thomas Dummer, Esq., who was a Deputy of the Great Wardrobe 
forty-three years : he died the 26 th day of September, 1749, in the 82d year of his 
age"" 

He made his will on the 31st of Julv, 1747, describing" himself as "of the 
Inner Temple, London, Esquire, Deputy to the Most Noble Prince John, 
Duke of Montagu, Master of His Majesty's Great Wardrobe." The follow- 
ing is a full abstract : 

To be buried near my late dear wife in the chancel of the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, in the county of Southampton. — Whereas, since my said wife's death, I 
settled the manors and farms of More Court, Great Kembridge & Lockerly, in said 
county, on my son Thomas Lee Dummer, the only child left me by my said dear wife, 
and as I have not married again, all my real estate will descend to him. I now give 
him all my personal estate, he paying the £12,000, which I covenanted to settle at 
his marriage with Mrs. Elizabeth Penton on their younger children. — To Mr. Rich- 
ard Port, and to Mrs Elizabeth Beare &, Mrs. Sarah Beare, daughters of Mr. Gil- 
bert Beare, of Winchester, deceased, each 20 guineas. — I appoint my said son Tho- 
mas Lee Dummer my executor. 

Codicil, dated 29th August, 1747. — £10 per annum to be given to Mr. Bartholo- 
mew towards the education of his son at the Grammar School, and, if he send him 
to the University of Oxford, then £20 per annum for seven years. 

2 d Codicil, dated 29 th Feb- V , 1747-8.— In my daughter's jointure- settlement the 
lands at East Norton, in co. Leicester, were omitted, and I desire that Borne other 
estate of mine, or an annuity of the same value, viz. £120. 13. 2.. be settled on her for 
life. — To each of my nieces, the Lady Holland and her two sisters Isabella and Char- 
lotte Holland, a mourning-ring of the value of 50 guineas. — To widow Perrior half 
a crown weekly for her life. — To Lettice Garlick, £12. per annum for life. — To Phil- 
lip Rousselon, £20 per annum for life. — To Barbara Fry, £10 per annum for life, 
according to the writing I gave to Mrs. Barbara Richards, the same to be paid out 
of the Manor of Northam. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 24th 
of November, 1749, by the son Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. 

This only son, Thomas Lee Dummer, matriculated at Oxford, from Brase- 
vol. xxxv. 23 



2QG The Family of Dummer. [July, 

nose College, 11th April, 1728, aged 15, and for some extraordinary rea- 
son was created M.A. only three years later, viz. 28th May, 1731. He was a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. He subsequently purchased Cranbury Park, 
near Otterbourne in Hampshire, and was M. P. for Newport, Isle of Wight. 
He and his wife are sufficiently further described in the following inscription 
on their monument at South Stoneham : 

" Close to this wall lie interred the remains of Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq., of 
Cranbury in this County, F.R.S. He was the only son and heir of the late Tho- 
mas Dummer, Esq., Deputy of His Majesty's Great Wardrobe. He died October 
6 th , 1765, a<ied 53. Also in the same vault are deposited the remains of Elizabeth 
Dummer, his wife, daughter of John Penton, Esq., of Winchester. She died April 
6th, 1766, aged 53." 

They had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who died in childhood, and was 
buried at South Stoneham, 17th June, 1746; and an only son, Thomas 
Dummer, who succeeded to Cranbury Park. He married, 5th June, 1766, 
Harriot, third daughter of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, 5th Baronet of Parham, by 
his wife Anne, second daughter of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth, 
but had no issue. (She survived him, and remarried Nathaniel Dauce, the 
artist, third son of George Dauce, the celebrated architect, who assumed 
the additional surname of Holland, and was created a Baronet 27th Nov., 
1800. Sir Nathaniel Dauce-Holland died 15th Oct., 1811, in his 76th year, 
and was buried in the nave of Winchester Cathedral. She survived him 
nearly fourteen vears, and, dvin^ 12th June, 1825, in her 84th year, was 
buried with her first husband at South Stoneham [Burke states that there was 
an intermediate marriage with Thomas Chamberlaine, but no evidence of 
such marriage can be found].) The inscription on the monument of Tho- 
mas Dummer at South Stoneham is as follows : 

" The remains of Thomas Dummer, Esq., of Cranbury in this County, are depos- 
ited in the same vault with his father and mother : He was only son and heir of 
Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. : he died June 3d, 1781, aged 41." 

He was the last male descendant of John Dummer of Swathling, eldest 
son of Thomas Pvldrvm alias Dummer, of whose line we are now treating. 

[5.] Charles Dummer. the next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer, 
was baptized at North Stoneham, loth January, 1669-70. He died un- 
married about 1698, and was buried at -St. Dunstan in the West, London, 
but, agreeably to the direction in his brother Edmund's will, his remains 
were removed to South Stoneham. His next brother was 

[6.] Richard Dummer (2d of the name), who was baptized at North 
Stoneham 15th February, 1671-2. Ele was admitted to Winchester Col- 
lege 25th August, 1685, and matriculated at Oxford, from Trinity College, 
12th Dec. 1691. He was B.A. 7th June, 1695, and M.A. 25th June, 1698. 
He became Vicar of South Stoneham. and was collated a Prebendary of 
Llandaff, 4th June, 1700. He died unmarried, and was buried at South 
Stoneham, 3d August, 1705. The inscription on his monument is as 
follows : 

" In memory of the Rev d Richard Dummer, A.M., sixth son of Edmund Dum- 
mer of Swathling, Gent., and Barbara his wife, who dyed the 31st of July, 1705, 
aged 34." 

t 

His next' brother was 

[7.] Cornelias Dummer, who was baptized at North Stonehem, 3d Sept., 
1674. He died, unmarried, at Valencia in Spain, and letters to administer 
his estate were granted by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 11th Oct., 



1881.] The Family of Dummer. 267 

1706, to his brother Thomas. lie was described as late of the city of 
Winchester, and probably had gone abroad for his health, but possibly on 
business. His next brother was 

[8.] Henry Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham, 22d Nov., 
1677, and buried at South Stoneham 18th Nov., 1680. He was the young- 
est child of Edmund and Barbara Dummer. 

We now return to the sisters of Thomas, John, and Edmund Dummer, 
daughters of John Dummer, son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer. They 
were three in number. 

Anne, the eldest daughter, married, before June. 1662, Richard Chemish, 
as he is called in her father's will, or Kemish, as in those of her brothers. 
She was living as late as 17th Oct., 1608, but died before 15th Oct., 1720. 
In 1724 her children living were John Kemish, and Mary and Joane, ap- 
parently married. I have found nothing further about them. 

Dorotlnj, second daughter, married, at East Tisted, Hants. 25th April, 
1650. John Hunt, of Southwick, Hants, and had a son John living in 1698. 

Elizabeth, third and youngest daughter, appears to have married Robert 
Beare, and to have left a son Gilbert Beare, who had issue living in 1747. 

We now proceed with the history of the second son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, viz. : 

2. Richard Dummer, with which, however, I have little to do, as the 
later portions of it belong almost entirely to New England. He is said 
to have been born at Bishonstoke about 1508, but this, owins to the loss of 
the early Bishopstoke parish-register, cannot be verified. In the list of 
the passengers by the " Bevis." heretofore referred to, his age is given as 
40 in 1638. The only record I find of him in England is that in 1631, 
previous to his first going to New England, he settled a rent-charge of 
40 shillings per annum, out of his lands in Bishopstoke, to the use of the 
poor of that parish forever. It was a generous thing to do as he was 
taking leave of his old neighbors, and speaks well for his character. That 
he paid a subsequent visit to England is proved by the fact that in 1650-1 
he proved, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the will of Thomas Nel- 
son, husband of his niece Joane. 

The only records I have found relating to any of his descendants refer 
to his grandson, the well known Jeremy Dummer, and his great-grand- 
daughter Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Dummer and Elizabeth Ruir-fles. 

Among certain records, kindly searched for and transcribed for me by 
Mr. Henry F. Waters, Salem, Mass., from the Probate Registry of Mid- 
dlesex Countv at East Cambridge, are the following: 

" Daniel Rogers, of Littleton. Clerk, appointed Administrator on the estate of 
Elizabeth Duminer, daughter of Samuel Dummer, late of Wilmington, deceased 
intestate, who also is deceased intestate, 1st September, 17 JO. 

" Memorandum : the wife of the Rev. Mr. Daniel Rogers, who was Samuel Dum- 
mer Esquire's widow, and mother of said Elizabeth Dummer, holds her thirds or 
right of dower in all the above mentioned and appraised housing and lands [refer- 
ring to the Inventory^ Tis said there is an estate in England that belonged to the 
aforebaid Elizabeth Dummer, at the time of her decease, but what it is is not yet 
come to knowledge." 

The record I have found evidently refers to that unknown estate in Eng- 
land, probably certain property at Bishopstoke, which had descended to her 
from her great-grandfather Richard Dummer. 



268 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

On the 27th of August, 1741, letters to administer the estate of Elizabeth 
Dummer, spinster, of Littleton, in New England, were granted by the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury, to Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., the lawful 
attorney of Elizabeth Rogers, heretofore Dummer, wife of the Rev. Daniel 
Rogers, Clerk, the natural and lawful mother and next of kin of the de- 
ceased, for the use and benefit of said Elizabeth Rogers alias Dummer, 
now residing in New England. 

As to Jeremy Dummer, it is well known that he died in England on 
the 19th of May, 1739. He was buried at "West Ham in Essex, and the 
inscription on the monument (a slab now close to the door of the vestry) is 
as follows : 

" The Remains 

of 

Jeremiah Dummer 

of New England, Esq r , 

distinguished by his excellent life 

probity and humanity. 

His age 58. 

1739." 



I am not sure whether his will has ever been printed in the United 
States, and, as it contains at least one name connected hereafter with this 
narrative, I append a full abstract of it. It is dated on the 7th of June, 
1738, and he described himself as Jeremy Dummer (and so signed it), late 
Agent of His Majesty's Provinces of Massachusetts and Connecticut in 
New England, and now resident at Plaistow in Essex, in the kingdom of 
Great Britain. The opening paragraph I quote verbatim : 

" In the chief place, and before all things, 1 do on this solemn occasion commend 
my soul to Almighty God, and render Him infinite thanks for the many blessings 
with which He has been pleased to fill up the short scene of my life, firmly confid- 
ing in the Benignity of His nature, that he won't afflict me in another world for some 
follys I have committed in this, in common with the rest of mankind, but rather 
that he will graciously consider the frail and weak frame which he gave me, and 
remember that I was but dust." I desire my executors kindly to invite to my fu- 
neral all such New England Gentlemen as shall be in London at the time of my 
decease, and to give to each a ring of the value of 20 shillings, without my name 
on it, but only this motto, which I think : " Nulla retro via." — To Mrs Kent, where 
I now live, and to Mrs Mary Stephenson, lodging in the same house, each £100. and 
a ring. — To my worthy countryman Henry Newman, Esq., £20. — To Miss Hook 
Jacob, £20. — To my good kinswoman Mrs Lloyd of New England, formerly Pember- 
tonand Campbell, £100. — To Dudley Woodbridge, of Barbadoes, £50., for the plea- 
sure I had in his company when in England. — To Commissioner Pearse of the Navy 
his eldest 6on by his former wife, £20. — To Mrs Burr of New-England, a £50. New 
England bill, and, in case of her death, the same to her children, as an acknowledge- 
ment of a civility I received from her husband at the College (I mean that Burr who 
was schoolmaster of Charlestown). — To Colonel & Captain Mandell, Swedes in Lon- 
don, each 10 guineas. — To Stephen Whatley, of Gray's Inn, Gent., my little library. 
— To my brother Dummer of Newberry, £20., New England money, to distribute 
among the poor Indian squaws that may come a begging at his door. — To my sister 
Dummer, her husband's picture set in gold, which will be found in my scrutore. — 
The bulk of my estate I am content should go according to the Act of Assembly in 
New England for distributing the estates of intestates. — To Francis Wilks, Esq., 
the diamond ring I usually wear, and to Mr Samuel Storko my gold watch, and 
I desire them to be my executors. 

Codicil, dated 8 th April, 1739. Whereas I executed a deed on the 20th of March 
last to Dorothy Kent and Francis Wilks, conveying to said Mrs Kent a house in 
Clarges street, in consideration of the trouble I have given her during a long fit of 
eickness, 1 now revoke the legacy of £100* to her in my will. 



3 



1881.] The Family of Bummer. 269 

This will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 1st 
of June. 1739. by both executors, the latter of whom, Samuel Storke, will 
be again heard of as this narrative proceeds. The will was evidently a 
holograph, or written at the dictation of the testator. 

This ends all that I have to say respecting Richard Dummer of New 
England, and I now proceed to the history of the third son of Thomas 
Pyldrym alias Dummer, viz. : 

3. Thomas Dummer. who is usually said to have gone to New England 
in 1638, and to have afterwards returned, which I believe not to have been 
the case. As I have shown before, he could not have been the Thomas 
who sailed in the " Bevis " in 1638, at the age of 19. as he had a daughter 
old enough to be married in 16-44. He inherited from his father the es- 
tate at Chicknell (sometimes called Dummer Park) in North Stoneham, 
where he died in 1G50. His will, as of Chicknell, Gentleman, was dated 
12th April in that year, and the following is a full abstract of it : 

To the parishes of North and South Stoneham and of Bishopstoke, each 26 shil- 
lings and 8 pence for the use of the poor. — To my wife, £10. — To four of my daugh- 
ters, viz. Susan, Hester, Jane and Mary, each £200. at her age of 21 or marriage. — 
To my eldest daughter, Joane Nelson, widow, 20 shillings, and to her son and daugh- 
ter, Samuel and Mercy Nelson, my grandchildren, each £50. when 21. — To my sec- 
ond daughter, Margaret Clements, now in New England, and her child she now 
hath, each £25 — To Thomas, my only son, when of the age of 21 or 21, as my ex- 
ecutors shall see fit, all my freehold-lands in North Stoneham, or elsewhere, with 
remainder to my said four unmarried daughters. — I appoint as my executors in 
trust my kinsman John Dummer of Town hill, Stephen Penton of Winchester, 
Robert Dummer of Duriey, Thomas Dummer of Fairthorne and Stephen Dummer 
of Bishopstoke. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
9th of November, 1650, by the said four Dummers named as executors, 
power being reserved for the said Stephen Penton. 

Of his wife or wives I know nothing. It may be presumed from the 
smallness of the bequest here made to his wife, and the absence of any other 
provision for or allusion to her, that she was his second wife, and not the 
mother of his children. 

The children of this Thomas Dummer were as follows : 

(1.) Thomas Dummer, only son, who was not of age at the date of his 
father's will, but must have become so very shortly after, as he evidently 
married late in that year 1650. He may, however, have married before 
attaining his majority, and it was probably at North Stoneham. Of his 
wife I know nothing beyond the facts afforded by the following inscription 
on her gravestone, on the floor of the nave of North Stoneham Church: 

'* Here lyeth bvried the body of Joane Dvmmer, the wife of Thomas Dvmmer of 
Chicknell Flail in this parish, who departed this mortal life the 10 day of October 
in y e year of ovr Lord 1665." 

It may be suspected that Thomas Dummer did not maintain the reputa- 
tion of the family for thrift, for on the 8th of March, 1661-2, he sold the 
Chicknell estate, and it passed forever out of the possession of the family. 
He was himself buried at Komsey, Hants, on the 12th of December, 1665, 
but no will or record of administration of his estate is to be found. 

His children were as follows : 

[1.] Edmund Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham 28th Aug., 
1651. He obtained some Government-position, and was sometime of Chatham, 
and afterwards of London, near the Tower. On the 25th of June, 1692, 



270 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

he was appointed Surveyor of the Navy. He was buried at St. Andrew's, 
Holborn, 8th May, 1716, but no testamentary record of him can be found. 
By his wife Sarah, who was buried at St. Margaret's, Westminster. 20th 
Feb., 1713-14, he had a daughter Mary, baptized at St. Margaret's, West- 
minster, 28th July. 1680, and living loth January, 1689-90; a daughter 
Sarah, who was buried at Greenwich, 12th April, 1700; and a son Ed- 
mund, who was also buried at Greenwich, 30th March, 1701. 

[2.] Thomas Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham in 1655. 
He was afterwards of London, and sometimes called u Captain." He died 
on the 18th of February, 1727-8. in his 73d vear, and was buried in the 
Church of St. Catherine, by the Tower of London. His wife Mary died 
on the 4th of March, 1742-3, also in her 73d year, and was buried with 
her husband. He was, so far as can be ascertained, the last male descendant 
of Thomas Dummer. third son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer. ( Both 
he and his brother Edmund will appear again hereafter in connection with 
the question of the Dummer arms.) 

His will, as of Marine [now Wellclose] Square, Gentleman, dated 10th 
January, 1725-6, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 18th 
March, 1727-8, by his relict Mary, to whom he left all his estate, except 
£50 to his daughter, and £500 each to his five grandchildren, respectively, 
at the age of 21. Her will, dated 26th August, 1742, and proved in the 
same court 10th March, 1742-3, names only her own immediate relations 
and friends. The following legacies, however, refer to names already 
occurring or to occur in this narrative, and may be worth recording : 

" To my cousin Hester Fludd. daughter of the late Mr Henry Hull, or, if she be 
dead, then to her husband Mr Jonathan Fludd, or, if both be dead, then to their 
children, £50. — To the children of Thomas Carter, late of Southampton, deceased, 
and to their mother, and to my god-daughter Mrs Susanna Andrews, each a guinea. 
— To my said cousin Hester Fludd, £20. for the use of Mary Hull.— To Mrs Sarah 
Hull, widow, £10." 

They had but two children, viz., a daughter Rebecca, who was baptized 
at Portsmouth, Hants, 20th September, 1693, and buried there the 1st of 
October, 1697 ; and Mary, who married Rev. Ross Ley, Rector of St. 
Matthew, Friday street, London, and one of the Brothers of the Hospital 
of St. Catharine, who died 4th January, 1736-7, aged 56. and was buried 
in the Chapel of St. Catharine. She died 3d May, 1746, aged 57, and 
was buried with her husband. Their children were Thomas Ley, who died 
27th March, 1741, aged 30, and was buried at St. Catharine's; William 
Ley, who was living 27th January, 1763, having had apparently only one 
son, William Ross Ley, who died an infant in 1742 ; Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried before 1742, aged 31 ; Rebecca, unmarried in 1735, afterwards 
the wife of Thomas Gwatkin ; and Mary, unmarried in 1735, but married 
before 1745 to John Eckley. 

[3.] John Dummer, baptized at Xorth Stoneham in 1658, and 

[4.] Walter Dummer, baptized at North Stoneham in May, 1661. 

Of these two sons of Thomas and Joane Dummer I find no further trace. 
They probably died young. 

[5.] Mary, only daughter. She was living as such 13th January, 1689- 
90, named in the will of her cousin Rev. John Dummer of Hard wick, but 
I find nothing of her later. 

The six daughters of Thomas Dummer, third son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, were as follows ; 



1881 .] The Family of Bummer. 271 

(2.) Joane, whom I take to have been the passenger of that name in the 
" Bevis," in 1638, accompanying her uncle Richard and the rest of the 
family. She became as early as 1644 the second wife of Thomas Nelson, 
of Rowley, in New England. His will was printed in the u New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register" for 1840. Vol. III. pp. 267-8. This 
will was proved in England in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 21st 
February, 1650-1, by the executor, his wife's uncle, Richard Dummer, 
who must then have been on at least his second return-visit to his old home. 
Her two children, Mercy and Samuel, are mentioned in her father's will, 
and she and they were evidently then with him. She is said to have been 
still living at North Stoneham in 1659, but I do not find any positive trace 
of her, or of her son Samuel. Her daughter Mercy married John Storke, 
a wealthy clothier of Romsev, Hants, who was twice Mayor of that Cor- 
poration, by whom she had issue John, Thomas, Richard and Samuel 

Storke. and a daughter Mercy, who afterwards married Wheat. Mercv 

Storke died 23d May, 1702. and was buried the 25th, at Romsev. Chief 
Justice Sewall often mentions the family in his Diary, and, on the 15th 
of March, 1688-9 (Vol. I. p. 300), her particularly as "one of the most 
kind of all my relations." On the 9th of March next following her death, 
1702-3, her husband remarried, at Romsey. Martha Baverstock, widow. 
He died on the 19th of December, 1711, and was buried on the 22d at 
Romsev. John Storke. their eldest son, married Mary Andrews, daughter 
of Robert Andrews and Susanna Dummer, as I have before related. He 
died 30th November, 1724. aged 55, and was buried at Romsey. Another 
of their sons married a Dummer, as will be seen hereafter. Samuel 
Storke, their youngest son, became a merchant in Loudon, where he died 
6th Sept., 1746, aged 59, but, according to his desire, was buried with his 
family at Romsev, on the 13th of the same mouth. 

The second daughter of Thomas Dummer, viz., 

(3.) Margaret, appears to have married in New England, 25th Decem- 
ber, 1644, Job Clements. I find nothing of her bevond the fact that she 
was named in her father's will, in 1650, as still living there. 

(4.) Susan, and 

(5.) Hester. They were both named in their father's will as living in 
1650, but I am not aide to identify them, positively, later. 

(6.) Jane, who married Carter, but of whom we otherwise never 

hear. She was named in the will of Thomas Dummer of Swathling, 15th 
Jan., 1688-9, with her son Samuel and daughter Hester. Her cousin Rev. 
John Dummer of Hardwick, in his will, dated 13th January, 1689-90, 
mentions her as then living with him, and names her children, Thomas, 
Samuel and Hester. 

(7.) Mary, who married at Durley, 2d April, 1659, her cousin Thomas, 
son of Johu Dummer of Swathling. Her history has been given before. 
She was the " M. D." who furnished the Genealogy which is in the Intro- 
duction to the " Sewall Diary " before mentioned. It may be noticed that 
she mentioned her two sisters as both named Jane. Probably the name of 
the first one was wrongly transcribed, for it is certain that the grandmother 
of Samuel Storke was Joane. 

[To be continued.] J ''j V 



272 Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? [July, 




WAS GOT. LEVERETT A KNIGHT? 

T the monthly meeting of the New England Historic, Genoa- 
- logical Society, May 5, 1880, the following letter from Mr. 
Tut tie was received and read : 

Letter of Charles TV". Tuttle, Ph.D. 

Boston, May 4, 18S0. 

Dear Sir : I have to regret that I shall not be able to attend the 
meeting of the societv to-morrow, as I intended. 

For some time I have desired to submit to the consideration of the soci- 
ety a proposition looking to a solution of the question whether John Lev- 
erett, governor of Massachusetts Bav Colonv from 1673 to 1679, was 
knighted by Charles II. of England. His knighthood is frequently and 
solemnly affirmed a? a historical fact in the pages of the Leverett Memo- 
rial, not excepting the title-page of that volume, as if it were unquestion- 
able. 

My impression is that this alleged act of the king never was made public 
till within fifty years past. At all events, this announcement must have 
been received with surprise by all who knew the history of the king and 
of the governor. No one was prepared to believe that Charles II. had any 
such regard for the Puritan Governor, the aider and abettor of Cromwell 
— in overthrowing the rnonarchv — as is implied bv conferring on him 
knighthood, or that the Governor had any such regard for the Cavalier 
king and his court, as to induce him to accept it. And yet the contrary is 
urged, amonsr other things, to establish the fact of knighthood. 

The affirmative evidence is not strong; it consists of a single letter of 
business from Mr. Secretarv Will'amson to Governor Leverett, dated in 
.August, 1676, wherein the latter is styled a knight in the address; and 
also a document, now missing or lost, supposed to be the royal letters patent 
conferring this distinction. Strange this letter, wherein no mention is made 
of knighthood, except as it appears to the Governor's name in the address, 
should be preserved, and the important bulky Letters Patent creating him 
knight should be lost. 

This is a novel way of conferring as well as proving title to knighthood. 
As to the letter, no one who knows what a great blunderer the secretarv 
was regarding American affairs and history, will attach any importance to 
that. How came the secretary, before and after, to forget that the Gov- 
ernor was a knight? If this method of proving right to a title were allow- 
able, one might easily prove, from his files of letters, a title as high as he 
miizht choose to lav claim, and as various as his fancv could desire. How 
often does blunder or design compliment us in a letter, with a title wholly 
inapplicable and foreign to ourselves! 

The negative evidence is strongly against this theory of knighthood in 
167<», or any other year in the rei. r :; of Charles II. 

During my hi.-torical researches concerning the conquest of Acadia by the 
Dutch in 1674, I had occasion to observe with much care the official rela- 
tions — and I know of no other — between Charles II. and Governor Leve- 



1881.] Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? 273 

rett the six years the latter was governor. At no time in this period was 
there anything but antagonism between them. The act of the Governor 
in the spring of 1075 in dispossessing the Dutch of Acadia, and thereby 
endangering the Peace of Westminster, was a matter for which he was under 
censure for- several years afterwards at the Court of Charles IT. 

'In June, 1676. hardly three months before it is claimed he was kni'dit- 
ed, he treated very curtly in Boston the bearer of a royal letter which he 
read in council, without even removing his hat, scornfullv remarking at the 
end that its contents were of little consequence. All this was reported at 
Court about the time the royal letters patent are alleged to have been 
issued. 

Gov. Leverett, as chief magistrate of the colony, is only surpassed by 
the amiable, prudent and accomplished Winthrop. As a military com- 
mander he had no equal during the first, nor perhaps during the second 
charter. His administration is a conspicuous one ; and his memory has 
always been held in esteem and veneration in New England. That he 
ever held any other relations with Charles II. than those known to his 
contemporaries, none will believe who examine into the matter. 

While I, as well as manv others, am satisfied that he never was knighted 
by Charles II., as alleged, there are persons who believe otherwise, and 
continue to stvle him a knight, therebv making confusion in our historv. I 
venture to suggest that this important question be referred to the Commit- 
tee on Heraldry, with instructions to report their views at an early day. 

Faithfully yours, C. W. Tuttle. 

To the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Pres't " 

N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The subject was referred to the Committee on Heraldry, as sug- 
gested by Air. Tuttle. We expected to have accompanied the letter, 
in this number, with the report of the committee, but we find that 
we shall be obliged to postpone its publication till the October 
number. 

Mr. Tuttle, when he wrote the above letter, had not ^seen the 
original of the official letter which he refers to, though he had made 
diligent search for it. He relied entirely on the printed copies, 
which give a false impression. It is but recently that we have as- 
certained the owner of the original document. The letter belongs 
to Leverett Saltonstall, Esq., who has loaned it to the editor of the 
Register. From it the following copy has been made by David 
Pulsifer, A.M. : 

Charles R 

Trusty & Welbeloved, Wee greet you well. Whereas wee have been 
humbly informed by the peticon of John Wampas ah White, that he was 
about six months since put into prison here for a small debt, where he hath 
since remained to his utter ruine, & that he hath a certain parcell of land 
in Massachusetts bay, the which he hath held for many years, having taken 
the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy as our subject; and having humbly 
besought us to interpose With you, that he may bee restored to his s d lands, 
or have liberty to sell the same for his present reliefe & the payment of his 
debts, Wee taking into our crracious consideration the miserable condition of 

VOL. XXXV. 21 



274 Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? [July, 

thepef have thought fitt to recomend him to yon, that he may have Justice 
done him & what favour the matter will fairly beare. And soe Wee bid 
you farewell. Given Att our Court art Whitehall the 22 th day of xVuirust 

1676 in the 2S ih yeare of our reigne 

By his Ma ties comand. Williamson. 

[The letter fills one page of a folio foolscap sheet, and except the signa- 
tures of Charles II. and Secretary Williamson, is in the hand writing of a 
clerk. It is addressed, in the same hand writing, on the outside of the letter 
after it was folded :] 

To Our Trusty and Welbeloved 
S r John Leveritt Kn* governour 
of Massachusetts bay in new 
England 

[Underneath the address is a line in another hand writing, probably a 
memorandum of the receipt of the letter by Gov. Leverett. A portion of 
the writing is obscure, but it looks like :] 

Reed v 9 l'er 7. 2. jvan i677 

[Savage (Winthrop's Xew England, ii. 245) reads it. " Received 2 June 

1677 ;" and the editors of the 32d volume of the Massachusetts Historical 
Collections (page 223) read it, " Received 2 Jan. 1677."] 

This letter has been printed twice before, namely, in 1854, in the 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, vol. xxxii. page 223 : and in 
1856 in the Leverett Memorial, page 83 ; but in both copies the 
address is printed above the sign manual of the king, whereas in 
the original letter it is on the outside, and appears no where else. 

Last year we sent a copy of Mr. Tuttle's letter to Col. Chester, 
of London, the eminent antiquary, and desired him to ascertain 
whether there was anv record of the letter in England. The follow- 
ing reply was received : 

124 Southwark Park Road. 
London, S. E., England, 20 Sept. I860. 
Dear Mr. Dean, 

I returned from the seaside last week, and have since looked into 
the matter about which vou wrote on the 25th August. There was consid- 
erable difficulty in finding the document, as you gave no reference. It is in 

" Colonial Entry Books 
Plantations General 
Vol. 93. A.D. 1663-1684," 

at folio 150. It is undated, but follows a letter dated 29th March. 1676, 
and precedes one dated 14th Dec. 1676. This volume is only an Entry 
Book containing copies of letters written by Secretary Williamson. (See 
my Westminster Abbey Registers, p. 249.) 
In the margin is : 

" To S r John Leveritt gov 1 " of Massachusetts." 

At the end of the letter : 

, " To our Tr. &c S r John Leveritt, Knt. gov 1 " of Massachusetts bay in 
New England." 



1881.] Memoranda of Josejyh FarweTi I of Groton. 275 

The explanation I would suggest is that Williamson was notoriously a 
careless man, and that this was one of his blunders. It seems absolutely- 
certain that Leverett never was knighted, or there would be evidence of the 
fact in other quarters. Sincerely yours, 

Jos. L. Chester. 



MEMORANDA BY JOSEPH FAKWELL, OF GROTON". 

Communicated by Samuel A. Greex, M.D., of Boston. 

THE following memoranda are taken from a small note-book kept 
by Joseph Farwell, of Groton, which has been lent me by 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. The first entries were 
made in the year 1710, and relate to work done by Farwell. On the 
fly-leaf is written, ''Joseph fTarwell his book if I it luse and you 
it find <mie it me for it is mine.'' The next leaf contains '' An 
acompt of y c Berth of Joseph farwells Childeren," as follows : 

Joseph farwell Born August: 5 : 1G96 
Thomas farwell Born October : 11 : 1608 
Hannah farwell Born May : 6: 1701 
Elisabeth farwell Born December: 31 : 170-1 
Edward farwell Born July : 12 : 1706 
Mary farwell Bom Feb 1 *: 1 : 1709 
John farwell Born June : 23 : 1711 

Sarah farwell born feb 17 the 26 th and died July the 4 th 1721 
Joseph Farwell the son of Joseph and Hannah Farwell was born the : 
24: 5: 1G70 

Near the middle of the booxi the following record is found, in 
another hand writing : 

The Birth of the Children of Joseph Farwell and Mary Farwell who 
wear Married Dece m y e 24: 1719. 

Anna Farwell Born February v e 19 th 1721 
Isaac Farwell Born March y e 6 th 1723 
Joseph Farwell Born September y c 20 th 1725 
Jonathan Farwell Born May y e 1.3 th 1730 
Thomas Farwell Born July y e 31 th 1733 
Olive Farwell Born June y e 24 th 1735 
Mary Farwell Born September y e 4 th 1738 
Susannah Farwell Born August y e 8 tk 1742 

Jon 1 Farwell Departed Life Nou m v e 29 1761 being 30 years & 14 Days 
old 

Isaac Farwell son of Joseph and Mary Farwell Dep 1 May y e 18 th 1740 
Being 17 year two months and 12 Days old 

Joseph Farwell Juner son of Jo' & Mary Dep t August. y e 27. 1758 be- 
ing 32 years 11 months and 7 Days old 

The following notes are found in different leaves, scattered 
throughout the book, as they were left blank by the original writer : 



276 Belief in Astrology in New England, [July, 

Joseph Farwell liis Bock 1745 

March y e 10 th 1745 Oar men went out of Groton for Cap Prtoon and 
the City was taken y e 18 day of June 1745 

August y e 4 th 1745 We Began to sing the psalms in the meeting house 
by Course [subsequently the following was written underneath] and sang them 
throw August y e 30 th 1752 and began and sung the first psalm the first 
Sabbath in September 1752 [and in another place'] And sung the Last 
psalm the Last Sabbath in March 1760 and began and sang the first 
psalm y e first Sabbath in April 1700 

May 10 th 1749 pece was proclam d in Boston in New England 

Groton June y e 2'J 1750 I was c[h]ose in t0 the cfnce of a deacon in the 
first Church in Groton a for said and on the first Sabath July 1750 waited 
on that Duty 

in Groton January the 22. 1750-1 their was a grate storm of Rain and 
wind to that Decree that it Blew down 4 Barns and one house and Rent 
a Grate Number of Barns and other Buddings to that Decree that the oldest 
person Now Living Cant Rember the Like 

May the 22 d 1754 we Began to Rais our New meeting House and fin- 
ished it on Satterday the 25 th 

May v e 30 th 1754 Our Solders went out of Groton to Boston in order 
forts Cumber Land 

August y e 18 1754 vpon the Lords Day mrs Sarah Dicxinson was 
taken into our Church the first person that was taken into the Church in 
the A^ew meeting House 

November y c 15 1754 the first Sacrement of the Lords supper was 
Administred in the New meeting House 

November: y e 18 th 1755. their was a tearable Earth quake about 20 
minets after 4 in the morning. 

on Munday the 26 of July 1756 my house was burnt down and the most 
of my house hold s[t]urF burnt up [subsequently the following icas written] 
and on Wedensday the 24 of Nouember we mov d into the New house 

May y e 24 1758 Cap 1 thomas jl.awrance went out of groton in order for 
Canada and was slain in battle the 20. Day of Jul v 1758 

August. y e 10 1763 peace was proclaimed in Boston with the French. 

March y e 28. 1766 Zachariah Longley was chosen a Deacon in y e first 
Church in Groton. 

December y e 30. 1773 Isaac Farns worth and Ben a Bancroft wear cho- 
sen Deacons in the Church of Groton. 

Apriel y e 10 th 1775, the Reggulars Came to Concord & kil d two men & 
our men followed them to Charlstown & kil d and wounded and took Cap- 
tive Betwen three & 400 



BELIEF IN ASTROLOGY IN NEW ENGLAND. 

Communicated by John D. Champli.v, Jr., A.M., of New York City. 

fTMIE belief in astrology prevalent among our ancestors two centuries 

JL ago, is well illustrated in the following family record, where the hour 

and minute of each child's birth, as well as the planetary influence under 

which it took place, is carefully noted. This custom of recording the pre- 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 277 

cise time of birth is still followed by many who are ignorant that it was 
formerly done to enable the astrologers to construct a horoscope or nativity 
of the person, from, which to foretell the events of his life. Thus the usage 
has survived the memory of its origin. 

The Christopher Champlin, who so carefully preserved the record of his 
family, was the sou of Christopher, 2 son of Geoffrey or Jeffrey 1 Champlin, 
of Portsmouth, Newport and Westerly, Iv. I. His wife Elizabeth was the 
daughter of George 3 Denison of Westerly, son of George 2 of Stonington, 
Conn., son of William 1 of Roxburv, Mass. 



• J CJV^l V_/i ' ' ""'"" V* "UAUU.J, 



Christopher Champlin born Sep r 26 th 1684 
Elizabeth Champlin his wife born Sep 11 th 1GS9 

The above said Christopher Champlin departed this life Oct "23 d 1734 and Eliza- 
beth his wife departed this life Nov ye 22 lld 17 i'J 

The ages of their children 
Christopher was born Nov ye 30 th 32 min past 7 in ye morning 1707 $ 
Joseph was born Aug ye 4 th : 1709 at S o'clock in ye morning Q 
Elijah was born July ye 20 th 1711 Died Feb ye 18 th 1712-13 
Ann was born March ye 29 th : 1714 Planetary hour $ 
George was born Eeb 15 th 1716 Planetary hour £> 
Elizabeth was born Jan 10 th 1718=19 Planetary hour ?' 

Thankful was born .March 27 th 1721 Planetary hour $ Died Oct ye 22 nd 1725 
Lydia was born Nov ye 19 th 1723 Planetary hour $ Died Oct ye 10 th 1725 
Elijah was born May ye 23-1726 Planetary hour U Died March ye 10 lil 1729 
Jabez was born Aug ye 31 st 172S on the 7 th day of ye week 
Oliver was born May ye 12 th 1730 on ye 3 rd day of ye week 
Mary was born June ye 29 th 1731 on ye 3 rd day of ye week at 6 o'clock in ye 



morning. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Keayne. — (Abstract by Stanley Waters from Miscellaneous Records of Supreme 
Court.) — An Indenture made the 10 th day of March in the year 1652 between Ben- 
jamin Kayen of London Esquire, sonne and heire apparent of Robert Kay en of 
Boston in N. E., Esquire, on the one part, and Simeon Smith, Cittizen and Haber- 
dasher, of London, the executor of the last will &c of Nicholas Jupe, Cittizen it Mar- 
chant Tayler of London deceased, of the other part, &e. 

Said Indenture mentions a will of said Nicholas dated March 10, 1650, which 
gave to " lovinge Couzen Benjamin Jupe all that his halfe share '" in two houses, 
&c. in the Parish of St. Buttolph, Aldgate, London, in the occupation of Richard 
English and Edward Mott, and ' 4 a house where a scone cutter did dwell," one of 
said Jupe's houses having been bought by him and Kichard English from one Mat- 
thew Bcanes. 

Property also was bequeathed to Anthony and Mary, the brother and sister of 
said Benjamin, which consisted of a share in a row of houses standing in Graved [?] 
Lane in ye parish of St. Buttolph's without Aldgate in one Rowe in ye occupation 
severally of John Trigge, Mr. Oakman, Widdowe Izard, Widow Borkane, and Mr. 
Chambers ; one Xopher Jupe and one Thomas Evans to be each paid Ten Pounds 
out of the proceeds of said rents. 

Witnesses — Edward Sedgwick, John Ileathcote, Benjamin 



Newman and Stone. — From an ancient volume in my possession, once the property 
of Samuel Newman, I copy these memoranda. They may afford a useful clue to 
some genealogical explorer. Henrx" A. Hazen. 

Auburndale, Mass. 

*' Samuel Newman and Hannah Bucnkur married May 2, 1089. 
Hannah Newman, Borne February, day 16. 10^9. 
vol. xxxv. 24* 



278 Uoies and Queries. [July, 

Bathsheba Newman. Borne June da}' 20. 1695. 

Sarah Newman. Borne. November, day 26, 1700. 

Deacon Samuel Newman deceased June 25. 1747. 

Widow Hannah Newman deceased Sept. 20. 1752. 

Nathaniel Stone and Sarah Woodward married Feb. 19 1746-7. 

Their Daughter Sarah, was born Nov. 2 1st 1747. 

Their Daughter Hannah was born. Feb. 1st [?] 1750. 

Their Son. Nathaniel was born. Sept. 8th 1753. 

Sarah. y e . wife of Nath u Stone was born Decemb r 21 st 1727 and Died feb. 8. 1755." 



Almost a Centenarian-. — Daniel Rolfe, a very aged man, reputed to be in his 
hundredth year, died 27 October, 1748. — Copied from Bedford (Mass.) Town Re- 
cords, by William S. Appkton. 



Queries. 

Harris. — In early days in Ohio, " White Woman's Creek " was a branch of the 
Muskingum, and a town on it was called " White Woman's." 

Gist in his Journal, under date January, 1751, says: "This white woman was 
taken away from New England when she was not above ten years old by the French 
and Indians. She is now upwards of fifty, has an Indian husband and several 
children. Her name is Mary Harris." 

Can any one tell whence she was taken, or anything about her? 

Cleveland, O. 0. C. Baldwin. 



Newton, Walker. Elliot and Wheeler. — Phinras Newton, of the fifth genera- 
tion from Richard Newton, of Sudbury, Mass.. 1640 (Richard, 1 John, 2 Thomas, 3 
Obadiah, 4 Phineas 5 ), was born in Marlborough. Mass., Feb. 5, 1726. He came to 
this town with wife and children before 1770. What was the name of his wife, and 
what were the names and date of birth of his children ? 

Obadiah Walker, of the fourth generation from Thomas Walker, of Boston, 
Mass. 1050 (Thomas. 1 Thomas,- Obadiah, 3 Obadiah 4 ), born in Marlborough, Mass., 
June 8, 1721, came to this town about 1790, and died here August 29, 1810, in his 
90th year. 

What was the name of his wife, and what were the names and date of birth of 
his children ? 

Jonathan Elliot and Hannah Wheeler were married at Sutton, Mass., April 25, 
1749. Can any one give me their ancestry and parentage? 

Croydon, N. H. Alonzo Allen. 



Waterman. — Bethia, wife of Col. Richard Waterman, 12th proprietor of Provi- 
dence, R. I. Can any one give her maiden name? 

Richard, Jr., and Neriah. great-grandsons of Richard and Bethia. Can any one 
tell to whom they were married, and give records of family ? 

New Bedjord, Mass. William Henry Waterman. 



Pierpont. — Wanted, the date of the marriage of John Pierpont. of Roxbury, 
and Thankful Stow, which took place sometime between November 17th, 1616 (the 
date of Rachel Bigg's will) and the year 1649. 

Middletown, Conn. Mrs. E. W. N. Starr. 



McClenaoian — Drummond — Bell. — The Rev. William McClenachan. born in 
Ireland in 1714, emigrated to America in 1736 with a number of Presbyterian fami- 
lies, and settled in Portland as their pastor ; thence he removed to Georgetown, 
where he remained till 17U : tLence to Chelsea, 1747-1751, and in 1751 he con- 
formed to the Church of England in Boston. In 1755 he went to London, where 
he was ordained deacon and priest, and returning to New England settled at George- 
town, Me., as missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. He re- 
mained in Georgetown from 1756 until 1758. He married ADne, daughter of Capt. 



1881.] Notes and Queries, 279 

John and Frances (Bell) Drummond, and granddaughter of Col. Patrick Drum- 
mond, of Bath, Me. I am anxious to obtain data relating to his ancestry and life 
in New England, as well as to the ancestry of the Drummond-; and Bells, and I shall 
be very much indebted to any one who will either supply the required information 
or give references as to where it may be found. 
Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. Robert P. Robins, M.D. 



Ladd. — I find on the records of the town of Portsmouth, R. I., the will of Jo- 
seph Ladd, dated April 16th, 1069. He names in his will, Joanna, his wife, and 
his children, Joseph, William, Daniel, Mary and Sarah. There is no other men- 
tion of him, nor of any other Ladd upon the records. 

Does any reader of the Register know who were the ancestors of this Joseph 
Ladd? or where they resided? Was he a descendant of Daniel Ladd who came 
over from London in the ship Mary and John in 1033 ? 

On the records of Little Compton, R. I., are the names of Joseph Ladd, born 
1600, and of William Ladd, born 1655. Were these eons of Joseph Ladd, of Ports- 
mouth, R. I. ? Warren Ladd. 

New Bedford, Mass. 



Wanted — Information respecting the families of the following persons : 
Ezekiel Little, who married in Iviilingly, Colin., 2 March, 1775, Eunice Eaton. 
Moses Little, who married in Yoluntown, Conn., 1770, Hannah Cole, and is be- 
lieved to have removed to New York. 
Joshua and Daniel Little, of Whitefield, Me., who were born 1760-1770. 
Braintree, Mass. George T. Little. 



David Sears married Susanna Handy and removed to Rochester, Mass., from 
some town on the Cape previous to 1767. 

Who were his parents, and when and where was he born? 
He was great-grandfather of the late Maj. II. B. Sears, U.S.A. 
Newton, Mass. Samuel P. May. 



Lee. — Can anyone tell what Lee family in England used the arms, " Argent a 
chevron between three crescents sable"? Are they now used by Lees in this 
country ? s. 



Clark, Hancock, Tyng. — Information desired respecting the parentage of the wife 
of Rev. Thomas Clark, who settled at Chelmsford as successor to Rev. John Fiske 
in 1677. Their daughter Elizabeth married Rev. John Hancock of Lexington, 
grandfather of the governor, and their daughter Lucy married Maj. William Tyng, 
of Dunstable, the parents of Sarah Tyng, who married Rev. Thomas Smith, first 
minister of Falmouth, now Portland, Me. 

Portland, Me. John F. Anderson. 



Alice Honour. — I would like to know more of Mrs. Alice Honour, of Watertown, 
who married John Prince, son of Rev. John Prince. Their son Isaac married Mary 
Turner and had a daughter whom he named Honour, but ignorance spelled it Onner, 
who was born Oct. '26,1701. (See Register, xxvii. 363, where the name is erro- 
neously transcribed " Ounso.") She married Francis Loud. Her name is always 
spelled " Onner," even on her gravestone. John J. Loud. 

Weymouth Landing, Mass. 

filer name is given as " Susan " in the Prince pedigree in the Register, vol. v. 
p. 3S3. This is probably an error in transcribing, as doubtless is also the name of 
the oldest child in the family, given " x\elip," probably written Aeliss, with a 
longs. Her name is recorded " Aallse " on the Hull Records (Register, xxvii. 
362). We presume that it should be Alice, and that both she and her sister were 
named for their grandmother. — Ed.] 



280 J\ T otes and Queries. [July, 

Rollins, Bowden, &c. — Information wanted of the family name and ancestors of 
Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Rollins, of Exeter, N. EL, married probably between 
1695 and 1700. He died 1740. 

Also of the ancestors of John Bowdcn, of Exeter, N. II., who married Elizabeth 
Folsom. He died 1765. 

Also of the ancestors of Abigail Kimball, daughter of Christopher Kimball, of 
England, and wife of Job Prince. He was born 1695. She married second time 
Sylvanus Emerson. 

Also of the ancestors of Deborah Fuller, born 2 December, 1729, married 13 Nov. 
1749, Kimball Prince. Her father was Dea. John Fuller, of Barnstable, Mass. 

Also of the ancestors of Peter Coombs, of Brunswick or New Meadows, Me., born 
1691, died 30 March, 1763. He is supposed to have come from Gloucester, Mass., 
with his brothers Anthony and John. 

Also of the ancestors of Thomas Berry, of Berry's Mills, Bath, Me. He mar- 
ried a sister of Peter Coombs. Address : G. Cilley. 

Rockland, Me. 



Ridland. — Wyman, in his " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, Mass.," 
says William Ridland married Patience Davis, and had issue William, born Dec. 
21, 1663; Nathaniel, born Dec. 6. 1665; Patience, born Jan. 18, 1667; Joanna, 
born Aug. 16, 1670 ; Mary, born Jan. 9, 1672, and Barnabas, born June 23, 1679. 
The father died Dec. 2, 1694, aged upwards of 60. Nothing more is known of this 
family. As there were three sons, it is a little strange that no one bearing the sur- 
name is known in this country. 

There is a large family of the name in the parish of Sandsting, Shetland, and 
the name appears in early London records ; but 1 have found no other branches in 
Great Britain or America. 

Magnus Reaction was in York, York Co., Maine, as early as 1717, married Susan- 
na Austin there, and became the ancestor of the Redlons, Ridlons, and many Rid- 
leys of New England. Magnus is a rare name in America, but prevails in the Shet- 
land Isles, and I think our ancestor came from that country. I shall be greatly 
obliged if any one can give information of families of the name. 

Saco, Me. G. T. Ridlon. 



Replies. 

Dwinell. — In examining the communication from Mr. W. L. Jeffries in the Jan- 
uary number of the Register, pages 34, 5 and 6, being the copy of the " Town 
Rate of Topsfield " for the years 1687-8,1 was surprised not to rind the name of* 
Michael Duanel or Dunnel, who was a resident of Topsfield as early as 1667, and 
continued there until his death, between 29 January, 1710, and March 3d, 1717-18, 
his will being dated 29 Jan. 1710, but not proved until March 3d, 1717-18. 

His eldest son Michael was born 5 Dec. 1670, consequently was about 18 years 
of age when the rate was taken, and old enough to be numbered with the '• heads." 

I am satisfied from my investigations, that the " Michael Duanet & Sone" on 
page 34 of the Register, and " Mikell DourilV on page 36, are errors for Michael 
Duanel. ." Andrew M. Haine. 

Galena, 111. 



Blake and Batcuelder (ante, p. 182) . — Among the " Notes and Queries " in the 
April number of the Register, information is wanted concerning the parentage of 
Ruth Batchelder, who married Dea. James Blake, of Dorchester, Mass. Accord- 
ing to the Hampton (N. II.) town records, " Ruth, dau. of Nathaniel Batchilor & 
Deborah (Smith) was born May 9, 1602." She died Dorchester, "Jan. 11, 1752, 
in the 90th year of her age ;" which corresponds with the date of her birth. 

Vol. xxvii. p. 304, of the Register has an article ou the " Dalton and Bateheller 
Pedigree," by William II. Whitmore, A.M., where is given the full record of 
said Nathaniel Batchelder's children ; but strange to say, that in the agreement, 
made March 17, 1709-10, by widow Elizabeth, third wife of Nathaniel, Ruth is not 
mentioned in the list of heirs. That she mu.^t have lived beyund the above named 
period of time, and became the wife of Dea. James Blake, is very apparent in the 
following abstract of a deed, copied from the records of Rockingham Co., N. II. , 
Vol. 47, viz. : " James Blake, joiner, Patience, wid. of Samuel Blake, uee'd, and 
John Spur, yeo., all of Dorchester, Mass. ; Increase Blake, tin plate worker, Roger 



1881.] JSTotes and Queries. 281 

Macknight, laborer, and wife Wait, all of Boston, — the said Increase being a child, 
and s d James, John, Samuel & Wait being grand children of Rath Blake, late of 
Dorchester, dec'd, who was a daughter of Nath'l Batchelder, late of Hampton, quit- 
claim to John, Simon, Jeremiah, Stephen & Jonathan Batchelder, & Jona. Moul- 
ton, all of Hampton, N. H.. all our rights in the estate of s d Ruth, as descended 
from s d Nath'l Batchelder." Dated Nor. 1, 1755. 

By referring to the Blake Memorial, compiled by the late Samuel Blake, Esq., it 
will be seen that the above-named children and grandchildren of Ruth are identical. 
Who, then, could be the parents of Ruth, if not the said Nathaniel (son of Rev. 
Stephen) and Deborah (Smith) ? The deed alone seems to make the matter plain 
and decisive. Perley Derby. 

Salem, Mass. 

Porter (ante, xxx. 360). — My attention has been quite recently attracted to a 
communication in the number of your magazine for October, 1876, in relation to the 
ancestry of Admiral Porter. 

The family records of Admiral D. D. Porter, give his ancestry, as the article in 
question states, from an ,; Alexander Porter, born in Massachusetts, May 5, 1727." 

I am myself somewhat interested in learning more in relation to his derivation, 
inasmuch as I have been for several years collecting the Porter families of Connec- 
ticut and Massachusetts, descended from John Porter, who was from England, and 
one of the earliest settlers of Windsor, Conn. (1630-5). 

His great-grandson, Daniel Porter, born Nov. 23, 1681, married Feb. 19, 1706-7, 
Mindwell Alexander, daughter of Nathaniel Alexander (he born at Northfieid, 
Mass., Dec. 29, 1652), who was with Capt. Turner, at the " Falls fight," May 19, 
1676, and was son of John Alexander, vvho came with his father, George Alexan- 
der, from Scotland, and settled in Northampton, Mass. 

1 am of opinion that the i; Alexander Porter born in Massachusetts," ancestor 
of Admiral Porter, may be of this family. I would be glad of any data elucidating 
this matter. Henry Porter Andrews. 

Saratoga Springs. 

[Stiles in his " History of Ancient Windsor," p. 754, gives six children of Dan- 
iel and Mindwell Porter, beginning with Mindwell, born March 26, 170S, and end- 
ing with Alexander, born March"/* . 1718-19. These children were, we suppose, 
born in Windsor, Conn. ' May not Daniel Porter afterwards have removed to Mas- 
sachusetts, possibly Northampton or Hadley, and had other children? The Alexan- 
der born 1719 may have died, and another Alexander may have been born May 5, 
1727. See in this connection the Supplement to Stiles's Windsor, p. 113. — Editor.] 



Announcements . 

Middletown, Ct. — The undersigned is collecting materials for genealogical record 
of the families of Ancient Middletown, comprising the present towns of Middle- 
town, Middlefield, Cromwell, Portland and Chatham. 

Any persons having any information concerning any family thereof, is requested 
to notify Frank F. Starr, 

Ass't Clerk, Middletown, Conn. 

Americans of Royal Descent. — Charles H. Browning, of Philadelphia, Penn., 
whose work was announced in April, 1S77 (Register, xxxi. 225), has issued a cir- 
cular inviting subscriptions and statinL r that he intends publishing a voltimc of ped- 
igrees with the above title, giving the descent from Royalty of over 500 American 
families. It will be a royal 8vo. with a complete index, and be sold by subscrip- 
tion at ten dollars a copy. Contributors to the publication fund, who are of royal 
descent, will be entitled, without extra charge, to have their individual pedigree3 
inserted in the work. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of. 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 



282 Societies and their Proceedings. [July, 

Candee. By C. C. Baldwin, Cleveland, Ohio. — It is intended to contain as nearly 
as practicable all the descendants of Zaccheus Candee, 1670, of New Haven. 
A second part wiil contain sketches of William Pynchon, founder of Springfield, 
Secretary John Allyn of Connecticut, and Capt. Joseph Wadsworth of Charter 
fame — who are ancestors of Candee. Information of all Candees solicited, especially 
in we-tern Massachusetts and in New York east of Hudson River. 

lAbby. By Charles T. Libby, Portland, Me. — It will contain all descendants of 
John Libbe (born in England about 1602, died in Scarborough, Me., 1652), bearing 
the surname, whose record could be procured. It will be necessary for thuse who 
forward information to Mr. Libby, to send it soon after the issue of this number of 
the Register, as the work will be published in the latter part of August or early in 
September. It wiil make not less than 600 pages octavo, and will be published by 
subscription at ^5 a copy. 

Luttrell. By Elston Luttrell, of Oxford, Ala. — Mr. Luttrell wishes to learn 
"where the emigrant ancestor of this family settled, and from what port he sailed. 

Porter. By Henry Porter Andrews, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. — This genealogy 
will be devoted to the descendants of John Porter, an early settler of Dorchester, 
Mass., and Windsor, Ct., who died at Windsor, April 22, 1648. It is proposed to 
collect and trace the descendants to this time as far as practicable, and eventually 
to print a volume. A circular containing the early generations has been printed. 

Streeter. By Milford B. Streeter, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating 
to any of these towns, are advised to send them to the person engageu in writing 
the history of that town. 

Bille^ica, Mass. — The progress of the History of Billerica, announced in the Reg- 
ister for 1860, has been delayed by the appointment of the Rev. Mr. Hazen. who has 
it especially in charge, to a position in connection with the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions. The printing of the genealogical portion of the 
volume is finished, and that of the general history is going forward ; and it is hoped 
that it will be finished during the vear. 

Greene, Me. By Mrs. J. F. Pratt, 375 Broadway, Chelsea, Mass. — She is col- 
lecting material for a history of this town. Any person having material that would 
aid in the work, wiil confer a great favor by addressing her as above. 

Medway, Mass. — The town has voted to publish a history, and has chosen a 
committee for the purpose, of which M. M. Fisher, Esq., is chairman. 



SOCIETIES AXD THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday February 2, 1581. —A monthly meeting was held at 
the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the presi- 
dent, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. Ph.D., in the chair. 

The Hon. George Washington Warren, chairman of a committee appointed for 
the purpose, reported a series of resolutions on the death of Simeon Pratt Adams, 
who had bequeathed to the society his collection of books, pamphlets, newspapers 
and documents illustrating New England local history, with a legacy in money. The 
resolutions, after remarks by Judge Warren, who read a letter from George T. Lit- 
tlefield on the character of Mr. Adams, were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Fdward G. Porter, of Lexington, read a paper entitled " The Mother 
Town of Durchester," being a historical and descriptive account of Dorchester, 
England, for which Dorchester, Mass., was named. After remarks by several 
members, thanks were voted for the paper. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported as donations during the preceding 
month, 07 Volumes, 76 pamphlets, and other articles. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing resident membership to which they had been elected, from Henry S. Russell of 
Milton, and Richard I. Atwill, Henry A. Church, John O. Green, M.D., and Tim- 
othy Bigelow, of Boston. 



1881. J Societies and their Proceedings, 283 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiographer, reported memorial 
sketches of four deceased members, namely, the Hon. William H. Tuthill, Tipton, 
Iowa ; Henry White, of New Haven, Conn. ; Prof. William C. Fowler, LL.L)., of 
Durham, Ct., and Ebenezer Alden, M.D., of Randolph, Mass. 

March 2. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon at the usual place and time, 
President Wilder in the chair. 

Rev. Charles E. Lord. D.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., read a paper on "The Hu- 
guenots." Remarks followed from members, and thanks were voted to Dr. Lord. 

The librarian reported 66 volumes and 66 pamphlets received during February. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptances of Frederick L. Ames, 
Boston ; Charles C. Dawson, Lowell : George S. Mason, Boston ; John II. Burda- 
kin, Dedham. and Clement Willis, Boston, as resident members ; and Henry Phil- 
lips, Jr., Philadelphia, as a corresponding member. 

April 6. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon at the usual place and 
hour, President Wilder in the chair. 

A communication was read from the Boston Antiquarian Club, accompanying a 
vote of the club recommending to the city authorities, at the close of the present 
lease, July 1, 1881, to use the Old State House building for city purposes. It was 
voted to concur in this recommendation. 

The president read an extract from a letter lately received by him from Dr. Au- 
gustus Le Plongeon, in relation to his explorations in Yucatan. 

The Rev. Nathan H. Chamberlain, of Cambridge, read a paper on " Burgoyne's 
Campaign." Remarks were made by several members, and thanks were voted for 
the paper. » 

The librarian reported as donations during March, 63 volumes and 202 pamphlets. 

The corresponding eecrttary reported the acceptance of resident membership by 
the Hon. William Gaston. Boston ; Charles W. Parsons, M.D., Providence ; Curtis 
Guild, Boston ; Fitz II. Jordan, Portland ; William Peirce, Boston, and William 
E. Bright, Waltham ; and of corresponding membership by Silas Bent. St. Louis, Mo. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of two deceased members, viz., 
Dana B. Putnam, M.D., and Thomas D. Quincy, both of Boston. 

The Canton Historical Society. 

Canton, Mass., March 24, 1881. — This Society, organized in 1871, held its annual 
meeting this day. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

Presidf.nl — Daniel T. V. Huntoon. 
Secretary — Frederic Endicott. 
Treasurer — Elijah Beut. 

The committee on the memorial watering trough reported, 

That a granite Watering Trough, high enough for horses to drink from unchecked, 
had been erected at the junction of two principal streets in the town, surmounted by a 
lantern which serves also as a guide board. The cost of this trough was about $300, 
which had been contributed by public-spirited citizens in response to a circular 
issued by this society. The inscription on the trough is as follows : " Erected in 
memory of the labors of the Apostle Eliot among the Indians at Punkapoag, 1050- 
1690." The committee further reported that four more granite watering troughs 
were or would be erected in town within the coming year. 

This society propose to erect throughout the town tablets bearing suitable in- 
scriptions which shall commemorate important landmarks and perpetuate events 
that have made the town historic. 

It has been the custom for the past few years for this society to meet on every 
Fast day and take a walk of from five to ten miles, visiting old cellar holes and an- 
cient boundaries, walking over forsaken roads and sketching old houses. There are 
usually about twenty-five members and invited guests, who go on these field excur- 
sions, and a very enjoyable and instructive day is passed. 

Pogomtuck Valley Memorial Association. 

Deerfidd, Mass., Tuesday, Fe{f. 22, 1&81. — The annual meeting was held this 
afternoon. 

The cabinet keeper reported as donations during the year 563 volumes, 137 pam- 
phlets, and 501 miscellaneous articles. 



284 Societies and their Proceedings. [July* 

■ 

The treasurer reported $635.06 receipts, and $613.52 expenditures, leaving a 
balance on hand of $21.54. 
The following officers were chosen for the ensuing year : 

President — George Sheldon. 

Vice-Presidents — Rev. E. Buckingham. Henry Childs, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Secretary and Treasurer — Nathaniel Hitchcock. 

Corresponding Secretary — Rev. Dr. Crawford. 

Counsdhrs— Henry W. Taft of Pittsfield. Rev. P. V. Finch. Chauncey Bryant, 
F. M. Thompson, Frank J. Pratt, John Sheldon of Greenfield, James Smith of 
AThately, Rev. W. S. Ilawkes of South Hadley Falls, Elisha Wells, Robert Childs, 
Charles Jones, Dr. R. N. Porter, Albert Stebbins of Deerlield, and J. D. Canning 
of Gill. 

After the meeting a collation was served, followed by addresses, poems, Sec. 

Nova Scotia Historical Society. 

Halifax, N. S., Monday, March 14, 1881. — A meeting was held in the House of 
Assembly, Dr. Allison in the chair. His Honor the Lieutenant Governor and 
the members of both branches of the legislature attended. 

The donations since the last meeting were announced. 

The secretary read a paper prepared by Moses de la Dernier, an old settler of 
Nova Scotia, written in 1795. giving an account of the customs and manners of the 
ancient Acadians, with remarks on their removal and its causes. 

Lieut. -Gov. Archibald delivered an address in which he discussed the question of 
the expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. He also spoke of the prosires^ which this 
society had made in building up in so short a time a really great historical library. 
" If we had hunted the Dominion all over," said he, " we could not have found a 
man so fitted for his work as the present librarian, and Mr. Buhner has done more 
in two years to put together a great collection of books than any librarian in Cana- 
da has done in twenty-five. We have now 671 volumes of bound newspapers, and 
over 500 unbound — a total of nearly 1*200 volumes, nearly all printed in this Province, 
and covering a period from 1764 to 1881. We have a collection of pamphlets, ex- 
tending from 1772 to date, and numbering over 12,000, and covering almost every 
public question ever discussed. We have books printed in Nova Scotia as far back 
as 1758, and. ail ever printed since. Our library, from holding a tenth-rate posi- 
tion a little over a year ago, to-day takes rank as the third in Canada, being only 
surpassed by the great collections in Laval University and the library at Ottawa. 
Our province, though small, has a larger and better library than the great Pro- 
vinces of Quebec and Ontario. As to its value, I would say that of the newspaper 
collection alone, it would not be possible for the local government, by any sum at 
their disposal, even to get together such a collection should the present one be de- 
stroyed by fire. These gratifying results have come about through the prodigal 
enthusiasm, industry and tact of the librarian, and I feel bound to say that no man 
in his day has rendered the province greater service than Mr. Buhner. ? ' 

Remarks were made by the Mayor of Halifax, the Hon. L. £. Baker, and others 
on the work of the society. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, January 11, 1881. — The annual meeting was held this eve- 
ning, the president, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

President Allen delivered an address reviewing the work of the society during 
the last year. Four members, Messrs. Dorrance, Arnold, Greene and Pierce, have 
died, and twenty-six resident members have been added to the society, which has 
now upwards of two hundred members. 

The Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, reported the acceptance of corresponding 
membership, to which they had been elected, by Prof. J. M. Hoppin, of New Ha- 
ven, Ct. ; J. C. Buttre, of New York city, and the Hon. Thomas W. Bicknell, of 
Boston. 

Richmond P. Everett, the treasurer, reported that the expenditures of the year 
had been $1,300.30, and the receipts $1,311.38; cash advanced by the treasurer, 
$48.92. The life membership fund now amounts to $000, the interest of which is 
applied to the current expenses. 

The library committee reported that 740 printed volumes, 3 volumes of manu- 
scripts, several maps and other articles had been added to the library in 1SS0. 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 285 

The standing committees on publication and genealogical research : the special 
committee to recommend names for new streets where the French army was en- 
camped, and the procurators made reports. 

An amendment of the constitution was adopted placing the appointment of the 
librarian in the hands of the library committee. 

The following officers for the ensuing year were then elected : 

President — Zachariah Allen, of Providence. 

Vice-Presidents — William Gaminell, of Providence, and Francis Brinley, of 
Newport. 

Secretary — Amos Perry, of Providence. 
Treasurer — Richmond P. Everett', of Providence. 

Standing Committees. 
On New Members — Albert V. Jenks. William Staples. W. Maxwell Greene. 
On Lectures and Papers — William Gammell, Amos Perry. Charles W. Parsons. 
On Publications— John R. Bartlett, J. Lewis Diman, Edwin M. Stone. 
On Genealogical Researches — Henry E. Turner, William A. Mo wry, Bennett J. 
Monroe. 

On Grounds, <$-c. — Isaac H. Southwick. Henry J. Steere, Royal 0. Taffc. 
On Audit — Henry T. Beckwith. John P. Walker. Lewis J. Chace. 
On Library — Sidney S. Rider, Horatio Rogers, Thomas Duriee. 

New Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, C/., Feb. 10, 1881. — A meeting was held this day at the rooms of 
the society. The following gentlemen were chosen officers for the ensuing year : 

President — Rev. Dr. E. Edwards Beardsley. 

Vice-President — Thomas R. Trowbridge. 

Treasurer — Nathan Peck. 

Secretary — Thomas R. Trowbridge, Jr. 

Directors— Henry Bronson, Eii Whitney, E. 11. Le fling well, II. L. Hotchkiss, 
Henry Trowbridge. Charles Henry Townsend, George Petrie, Charles Peterson, 
James M. Hoppin, Joseph B. Sargent, Rev. Dr. Leonard Bacon, E. E. Atwater. 

One hundred and fifty new members have recently joined. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Saturday, Apnl2, 1881. — A meeting of the executive committee was 
Tield at 8 o'clock this evening at the Westmoreland Club-house, William Wirt 
Henry in the chair, and Robert A. Brock, in the absence of the secretary, acting as 
secretary. 

An interesting memoir of the late George Cooke, the artist, prepared by his niece, 
Miss Adelaide V. Cooke, was laid before the committee by Mr. Valentine. It was 
Voted that the paper be published. 

Richmend, Mey 7. — Trie executive committee met at 8. P.M. in the "Westmoreland 
Club-house. Mr. Palmer in the chair. 

An invitation to attend the celebration at Spartansburg, S. C, May II, on the 
unveiling of the memorial column to the memory of the victors at Cowpens, was 
received and accepted, and the Hon. J. L. M. .Curry, the Hon. A. M. Keiley, the 
Hon. B. R. Well ford, Jr., Col. Archer Anderson and Col. H. C. Cabell, were ap- 
pointed delegates. 

Archaeological Institcte of America. 

Boston, Mass., Saturday, May 21, 1881. — The annual meeting was held this day. 
The following officers were eh' sen : 

President — Prof. Charles Eliot Norton, of Cambridge. 

Vice-President — Martin Brimmer, of Boston. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents — Rev. Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D., LL.D., of New Ha- 
ven, Ct. ; Hon. L. II. Morgan, of Rochester, N. Y. : Prof. B. S. Gildersleeve, of 
Baltimore; Major John W. Powell, of Washington, I). C. 

Executive Committee — Francis Parkraan, LL.D., of Boston ; Prof. William W. 
Goodwin, Ph.D., of Cambridge: Prof. Henry W. Havnes, of Boston : Alexander 
Agassiz, of Cambridge ; Prof. William It. Ware, ot Boston, with President Norton 
and Vice-President Brimmer, ex officio. 

At a subsequent meeting of the executive committee, E. II. Greenleaf was chosen 
secretary, and 0. W. Pea body treasurer. A vote of thanks was passed to Secretary 
Blaine lor the active interest he had manifested in obtaining firmans in Greece. 
vol. xxxv. tb 



2S6 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [July. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEAT-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Increase X. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the memorial 
sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the " Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The first volume, entitled " Memorial 
Biographies," edited by a committee appointed for the purpose, has just 
been issued. It contains memoirs of all the members who died from the 
organization of the society to the close of the year 1852. A second volume 
is in press. 

William Lawton, Esq., of New Rochelle, N. Y., a life member, died in New 
Rochelle, N. Y., April 27, 1881, aged 85 years, 11 mos. and 27 days. 

Mr. Lawton was born at West Point, N. Y., May 1, 1795, his. father William 
• Lawton, M.D., being at that time stationed there as surgeon in the United States 
..service. 

His father was born in the town of Leicester, Mass., April 9, 1759. His grand- 
farther was Dr. Pliny Lawton, of Leicester, and his great-grandfather was probably 
Christopher J. Lawton, Esq., a well known lawyer of Suffield, Ct. 

His mother's name was Abigail Farrington, and she was born in Flashing, L. I., 
Dec. 12, 1763. 

Having this honorable ancestry, he had, nevertheless, to make his way in the 
world chiefly by his own e3brts. At the age of 14 he became a clerk in the ship- 
ping house of John G. Warren, New York city. By reverses in business this house 
ifailed three years after, but the head of it again went into business as a stock and 
exchange broker, retaining young Lawton as a clerk. During the progress of the 
.war of 1812 he went for a time into the army. This was in 1814, when he was nine- 
teen years of age. He became a Sergeant Major of artillery. After the war had 
.closed, he went, in 1817 (being now tw T enty-two years of age) into business for 
himself as a stock and exchange broker, lie helped to form the first Broker's Board 
in New York, modelling it essentially after one which had been recently organized 
in Philadelphia. He himself was one of a committee to visit Philadelphia to ascer- 
tain its plan and methods. That board originally consisted of twenty members. In 
1870 it enrolled upon its list not far from 1100 members, and the fee for member- 
ship was very high. At that time (1S70) only three remained of the original 
twenty. One cf these three died soon after, and Mr. Lawton was probably the 
latest survivor. Mr. Lawton retired from the business of the office in 1867, but 
still retained his connection with' the Stock Board. He became a resident of New 
Rochelle, New York, in 1814. 

Mr. Lawton was admitted a resident member of the N- E. Hist. Gen. Society 
April 12, 1870, and made himself a life member Jan. 6, 1875. He was present at 
the monthly meeting of the society in September last, and greatly interested his fel- 
low-members by a recital of some important reminiscences of his life. 

Mr. Lawton gave his name to the New Rochelle, or Lawton Blackberry, and this 
is certainly one of the pleasant ways of going down to posterity. " It is also elaim- 
ed for him that he built the first railroad in the country for the accommodation of 
passengers as well as freight — the Schuylkill Valley Navigation and Railroad Com- 
pany — and was a shareholder in it at the time of his death.'' 

He married Maria Rachel Guton, daughter of Frederick Guion, of New Ro- 
chelle, a descendant of an old Huguenot family. She died Nov. 25, 1872.^ He 
leaves three sons and two daughters, namely: 1. Julia, wife of William Wilson 
Lawton, of San Franciseo, Cal. ; 2. Franklin, of San Francisco, married Augusta 
Ransom; 3. Cornelia El Jet, wife of Joseph Marshall Carville: 4. Maria, wife of 
Edmund li. Hasweil, of New York city ; 5. J. Warren, counsellor at law, New 
York city. 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 287 

Thomas Dennie Qui.vcy, Esq., of Boston, a life member and benefactor, was born 
in Boston, June I, 1807, and died at Aiken, S. C, whither he had gone in search 
of health, March 18, 1881. 

His father was John Williams Quiucy, born in Boston, Feb. 19, 1769, and his 
mother was Abigail Atkins, daughter ot Silas Atkins, of Boston, and born Aug. 
10, 1772. 

His first American ancestor was Edmund Quincy, who with his wife Judith came 
over from England in company with the celebrated John Cotton, and landed at 
Boston, September 4, 1633. lie with his wife were admitted to the First Church 
in Boston in November, 1633. The only son of the founder was also named Ed- 
mund. He settled in Braintree, and from that time onward Braintree and Quincy 
have seemed to be the cradle of the race. The name Edmund has been repeated 
from generation to generation. Four Edmund Quincys have been graduated at Har- 
vard College. The last Harvard Quinquennial shows sixteen graduates of th